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Luis F Valdez, Juan Manuel Gutiérrez
In this work, we will analyze the response of a Metal Oxide Gas Sensor (MOGS) array to a flow controlled stimulus generated in a pressure controlled canister produced by a homemade olfactometer to build an E-nose. The built E-nose is capable of chocolate identification between the 26 analyzed chocolate bar samples and four features recognition (chocolate type, extra ingredient, sweetener and expiration date status). The data analysis tools used were Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)...
October 20, 2016: Sensors
Sharon B Wigal, Tim Wigal, Ann Childress, Graeme A E Donnelly, Joseph L Reiz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the onset and duration of efficacy of multilayer-release methylphenidate (PRC-063) over 16 hr compared with placebo in adults with ADHD using the simulated adult workplace environment. METHOD: After dose-optimization with PRC-063, participants entered a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover phase. Primary outcome measure was the Permanent Product Measure of Performance (PERMP) total score measured pre-dose and from 1 to 16 hr post-dose...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Casey O Diekman, Amitabha Bose
Circadian oscillators found across a variety of species are subject to periodic external light-dark forcing. Entrainment to light-dark cycles enables the circadian system to align biological functions with appropriate times of day or night. Phase response curves (PRCs) have been used for decades to gain valuable insights into entrainment; however, PRCs may not accurately describe entrainment to photoperiods with substantial amounts of both light and dark due to their reliance on a single limit cycle attractor...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Martin Jakl, Robert Sevcik, Ilona Fatorova, Jan M Horacek, Radek Pudil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess long-term prognostic value of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) in patients after acute myocardial infarction (MI) and its association with possible risk factors. METHODS: This prospective, case-control study was an observation of 198 patients who had acute MI. Response to aspirin and clopidogrel was assessed using impedance aggregometry. Patients were divided into groups of adequate response, dual poor responsiveness (DPR), poor responsiveness to aspirin (PRA), and poor responsiveness to clopidogrel (PRC)...
October 5, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Long Xie, John B Pluta, Sandhitsu R Das, Laura E M Wisse, Hongzhi Wang, Lauren Mancuso, Dasha Kliot, Brian B Avants, Song-Lin Ding, José V Manjón, David A Wolk, Paul A Yushkevich
RATIONALE: The human perirhinal cortex (PRC) plays critical roles in episodic and semantic memory and visual perception. The PRC consists of Brodmann areas 35 and 36 (BA35, BA36). In Alzheimer's disease (AD), BA35 is the first cortical site affected by neurofibrillary tangle pathology, which is closely linked to neural injury in AD. Large anatomical variability, manifested in the form of different cortical folding and branching patterns, makes it difficult to segment the PRC in MRI scans...
October 1, 2016: NeuroImage
E Merz, C Thode, B Eiben, S Wellek
AIM: Both previous versions of the German PRC algorithm developed by our group for routine first-trimester screening relied on the assumption that maternal blood sampling and fetal ultrasonography are performed at the same visit of a pregnant women. In this paper we present an extension of our method allowing also for constellations where this synchronization is abandoned through preponing blood sampling to dates before 11 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In contrast to the directly measured concentrations of the serum parameters PAPP-A and free ß-hCG, the logarithmically transformed values could be shown to admit the construction of reference bands covering the whole range from 16 to 84 mm CRL [corresponding to 63 to 98 days of gestation]...
March 2016: Ultrasound Int Open
Klaus M Stiefel, G Bard Ermentrout
Regularly spiking neurons can be described as oscillators. Here we review some of the insights gained from this conceptualization and their relevance for systems neuroscience. First, we explain how a regularly spiking neuron can be viewed as an oscillator, and how the phase-response-curve (PRC) describes the response the neuron's spike times to small perturbations. We then discuss the meaning of the PRC for a single neuron's spiking behavior and review the PRCs measured from a variety of neurons in a range of spiking regimes...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Zhiguo Li, Dianjun Wei, Chao Yang, Honggang Sun, Tao Lu, Defeng Kuang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important modulators in the biological processes and tumorigenesis. However, whether lncRNAs are involved in endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EEC) remains unclear. In the present study, we explored the expression pattern, clinical significance and biological function of nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) in EEC. The expression levels of NEAT1 were elevated in EEC tissues and cell lines, and higher expression levels of NEAT1 were positively correlated with FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis...
September 21, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Shani Samuel, Raja Elina Ahmad, Thamil Selvee Ramasamy, Puvanan Karunanithi, Sangeetha Vasudevaraj Naveen, Malliga Raman Murali, Azlina A Abbas, Tunku Kamarul
Previous studies have shown that platelet concentrates used in conjunction with appropriate growth media enhance osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs). However, their potential in inducing osteogenesis of hMSCs when cultured in serum free medium has not been explored. Furthermore, the resulting osteogenic molecular signatures of the hMSCs have not been compared to standard osteogenic medium. We studied the effect of infrequent supplementation (8-day interval) of 15% non-activated platelet-rich concentrate (PRC) in serum free medium on hMSCs proliferation and differentiation throughout a course of 24 days, and compared the effect with those cultured in a standard osteogenic medium (OM)...
2016: PeerJ
Na Han, Qiao-Yuan Cheng, Bo Chen, Ju-Fen Cai, Xiao-Jia Wang, Cai-Jin Lou, Jing Qin, Wei-Wu Ye, Lei Lei, Hong-Yang Lu
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in chemotherapy and radiotherapy in recent decades, the prognosis for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients is still poor. Targeted therapies in SCLC must be applied systemically to target not only the primary tumor but also metastases. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathways play a key regulatory function in the survival, proliferation, energy metabolism and cellular architecture advantages of malignant cells. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic α (PIK3CA) gene, which encodes the p110α catalytic subunit, plays a key role in the activation of AKT downstream signaling and mammary tumor progression...
May 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Zhong-Ying Ding, Guo-Song Shen, Su Zhang, Ping-Ya He
The aim of the present study was to report the frequency of thalassemia traits and other hemoglobinopathies in Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China (PRC), and for the future management of hemoglobinopathies. A total of 8578 pregnant women in the Huzhou region was analyzed for thalassemia traits and other hemoglobinopathies from July 1 2012 to November 30 2015. Complete blood count (CBC), and hemoglobin (Hb) variant analyses were performed with automatic counters and capillary electrophoresis (CE)...
September 11, 2016: Hemoglobin
Lennart Tonneijck, Mark M Smits, Marcel H A Muskiet, Trynke Hoekstra, Mark H H Kramer, A H Jan Danser, Piet M Ter Wee, Michaela Diamant, Jaap A Joles, Daniël H van Raalte
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4I) sitagliptin or glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist liraglutide treatment on renal hemodynamics, tubular functions, and markers of renal damage in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes without chronic kidney disease (CKD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this 12-week, randomized, double-blind trial, 55 insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes (mean ± SEM: age 63 ± 7 years, BMI 31...
September 1, 2016: Diabetes Care
Shane A Morrison, Jason B Belden
Performance reference compounds (PRCs) can be spiked into passive samplers prior to deployment. If the dissipation kinetics of PRCs from the sampler corresponds to analyte accumulation kinetics, then PRCs can be used to estimate in-situ sampling rates, which may vary depending on environmental conditions. Under controlled laboratory conditions, the effectiveness of PRC corrections on prediction accuracy of water concentrations were evaluated using nylon organic chemical integrative samplers (NOCIS). Results from PRC calibrations suggest that PRC elimination occurs faster under higher flow conditions; however, minimal differences were observed for PRC elimination between fast flow (9...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Wei Wei, Rebecca Marmor, Siddharth Singh, Shuang Wang, Dina Demner-Fushman, Tsung-Ting Kuo, Chun-Nan Hsu, Lucila Ohno-Machado
Recommendation of related articles is an important feature of the PubMed. The PubMed Related Citations (PRC) algorithm is the engine that enables this feature, and it leverages information on 22 million citations. We analyzed the performance of the PRC algorithm on 4584 annotated articles from the 2005 Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) Genomics Track data. Our analysis indicated that the PRC highest weighted term was not always consistent with the critical term that was most directly related to the topic of the article...
2016: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
Tatyana G Kahn, Eshagh Dorafshan, Dorothea Schultheis, Aman Zare, Per Stenberg, Ingolf Reim, Vincenzo Pirrotta, Yuri B Schwartz
Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins are epigenetic repressors essential for control of development and cell differentiation. They form multiple complexes of which PRC1 and PRC2 are evolutionary conserved and obligatory for repression. The targeting of PRC1 and PRC2 is poorly understood and was proposed to be hierarchical and involve tri-methylation of histone H3 (H3K27me3) and/or monoubiquitylation of histone H2A (H2AK118ub). Here, we present a strict test of this hypothesis using the Drosophila model. We discover that neither H3K27me3 nor H2AK118ub is required for targeting PRC complexes to Polycomb Response Elements (PREs)...
August 23, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Mohamad Akbar Ali, Jason A Sonk, John R Barker
The reaction of methanimine (CH2NH) with the hydroperoxy (HO2) radical has been investigated by using a combination of ab initio and density functional theory (CCSD(T)/CBSB7//B3LYP+Dispersion/CBSB7) and master equation calculations based on transition state theory (TST). Variational TST was used to compute both canonical (CVTST) and microcanonical (μVTST) rate constants for barrierless reactions. The title reaction starts with the reversible formation of a cyclic prereactive complex (PRC) that is bound by ∼11 kcal/mol and contains hydrogen bonds to both nitrogen and oxygen...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Nicolas Estoppey, Adrien Schopfer, Camille Fong, Olivier Delémont, Luiz F De Alencastro, Pierre Esseiva
This study firstly aims to assess the field performances of low density polyethylene (LDPE) and silicone rubber (SR) samplers for the monitoring of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in water regarding the uptake, the sampling rate (RS) estimated by using performance reference compounds (PRCs) and the time-weighted average (TWA) concentrations. The second aim is to evaluate the efficiency of these samplers to investigate PCB sources (localization and imputation steps) using methods with and without PRCs to correct for the impact of water velocity on the uptake...
August 12, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
J Dubourg, M Mendes, A Blanchard, M Frank, L Amar, G Bobrie, P-F Plouin, M Azizi
OBJECTIVE: The lack of consensus regarding the role of vasopressin in uncontrolled hypertension may be due to the use of assays with limited sensitivity. We used plasma copeptin concentration (PCop), a reliable surrogate marker for plasma vasopressin, to evaluate its role in a large population of patients with resistant (RH) and non-resistant (NRH) essential hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: 166 patients with RH to > = 3 antihypertensive drugs, including a diuretic (office BP > = 140 or 90 mmHg), entered a 4-week standardized treatment with irbesartan 300 mg + HCTZ 12...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
J Dubourg, A Blanchard, V Zhygalina, I Gouin Thibault, J E Salem, C Funck-Brentano, M A Landau Loriot, M Azizi
OBJECTIVE: The multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has been shown to contribute to the secretion of aldosterone by human adrenal cells in vitro. To address the clinical relevance of this finding, we studied the impact of a loss of function P-gp polymorphism of ABCB1 gene and of clarithromycin, a P-gp inhibitor, on plasma aldosterone (PAC) and renin (PRC) concentrations in heathy subjects. DESIGN AND METHOD: Three groups of 20 healthy normotensive male volunteers were selected on the basis of their ABCB1 genotype: CC non carriers, heterozygous CT and TT homozygous carriers of haplotype 2677-3435...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Alp Tuna Beksac, Gerant Rivera-Sanfeliz, Catherine A Dufour, Unwanaobong Nseyo, Zachary Hamilton, Sean W Berquist, Abd-elRahman Hassan, Omer A Raheem, Song Wang, Robert W Wake, Robert E Gold, Ithaar H Derweesh
BACKGROUND: We analyzed oncological outcomes in patients who underwent percutaneous renal cryoablation (PRC) with documented renal cell carcinoma (RCC) by perioperative biopsy. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective analysis of 153 patients [median follow-up 48 months] who underwent PRC from 09/2005 to 08/2014 was performed. We divided the cohort into patients who developed recurrence versus no recurrence. Kaplan-Meier analyses examined recurrence-free survival (RFS) according to grade and histology...
August 2, 2016: World Journal of Urology
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