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Carpal tunnel syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910920/the-dose-dependent-efficiency-of-radial-shock-wave-therapy-for-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Ming-Jen Ke, Liang-Cheng Chen, Yu-Ching Chou, Tsung-Ying Li, Heng-Yi Chu, Chia-Kuang Tsai, Yung-Tsan Wu
Recently, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been shown to be a novel therapy for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, previous studies did not examine the diverse effects of different-session ESWT for different-grades CTS. Thus, we conducted a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled study. Sixty-nine patients (90 wrists) with mild to moderate CTS were randomized into 3 groups. Group A and C patients received one session of radial ESWT (rESWT) and sham eESWT per week for 3 consecutive weeks, respectively; Group B patients received a single session of rESWT...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909031/a-topical-gel-from-flax-seed-oil-compared-with-hand-splint-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Mohammad Setayesh, Amir Reza Sadeghifar, Nozar Nakhaee, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Hossein Rezaeizadeh
This study compared the therapeutic effect of flax seed oil topical gel and hand splint in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. This study was a randomized clinical trial. Forty-nine patients, 96 hands, with mild to moderate idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome were divided into 2 groups randomly. One group was treated by topical gel and the other group by hand splint. Intensity of symptoms and function before and after intervention was measured via Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. After intervention, the ANCOVA showed a significant difference between the symptom and function scores of the 2 groups...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902538/ulnar-tunnel-syndrome-radial-tunnel-syndrome-anterior-interosseous-nerve-syndrome-and-pronator-syndrome
#3
Adam B Strohl, David S Zelouf
In addition to the more common carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndromes, orthopaedic surgeons must recognize and manage other potential sites of peripheral nerve compression. The distal ulnar nerve may become compressed as it travels through the wrist, which is known as ulnar tunnel or Guyon canal syndrome. The posterior interosseous nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm as it travels through the radial tunnel, which results in a pain syndrome without motor weakness. The median nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm, which can result in a variety of symptoms...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895367/two-incision-mini-open-carpal-tunnel-release-a-minimally-invasive-alternative-to-endoscopic-release
#4
Pervaiz Mehmood Hashmi, Rizwan Haroon Rashid, Moiz Ali, Yasir Mohib, Naveed Baloch
Surgical techniques for carpal tunnel release are constantly evolving to reduce complications. This retrospective study was planned to identify the outcome and complications associated with a new operating technique for release of carpal tunnel using two incisions. It was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised patients undergoing surgical release of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) between January 2011 and December 2014. Of the 54 patients,38(70.4%) cases were of right-sided CTS. The mean operating time was 12...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894853/concurrent-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-pronator-syndrome-a-retrospective-study-of-21-cases
#5
Chih-Wei Hsiao, Jui-Tein Shih, Sheng-Tsai Hung
PURPOSE: Concurrent carpal tunnel syndrome and pronator syndrome are rarely considered and the proximal compression sites are easily overlooked. We retrospectively studied 21 concurrent cases in our series from 2009 to 2015 and report the results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The typical symptoms were pain, tingling, and numbness of the radial 3½ digits. If paresthesia involved the thenar eminence and proximal forearm pain was noted in cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome combined with pronator syndrome was considered...
November 25, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#6
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890250/the-role-of-self-efficiency-toward-pain-following-surgical-treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#7
J J Hidalgo Diaz, S S Botero, P Vernet, C Aguerre, S Facca, P Liverneaux
Some very poor results after carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) surgery are difficult to explain. The main hypothesis of this study was that a relationship exists between self-efficiency toward pain and the difference between pre-operative and post-operative pain. The secondary hypothesis was that a relationship exists between self-efficiency toward pain and the pre-operative and post-operative QuickDASH score. The records of 64 patients operated for purely subjective CTS were reviewed. The evaluation consisted in determining self-efficacy beliefs from two PSEQ2 questions (1: I can still accomplish most of my goals in life, despite the pain; 2: I can live a normal lifestyle, despite the pain), pain levels and the QuickDASH score...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879595/the-effect-of-written-information-on-recall-of-surgical-risks-of-carpal-tunnel-release-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Alison L Wong, Janet Martin, David Tang, Martin LeBlanc, Steven F Morris, Justin Paletz, John Stein, Michael J Wong, Michael Bezuhly
BACKGROUND: Written information has been thought to help patients recall surgical risks discussed during the informed consent process, but has not been assessed for carpal tunnel release, a procedure with the rare but serious risk of complex regional pain syndrome. The authors' objective was to determine whether providing a pamphlet would improve patients' ability to remember the risks of surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients seen for carpal tunnel release were included in this prospective, single-blind, randomized study...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875418/nonclassic-features-of-pseudohypoparathyroidism-type-1a
#9
Ashley H Shoemaker, Harald Jüppner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide readers with a review of contemporary literature describing the evolving understanding of the pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1A (PHP1A) phenotype. RECENT FINDINGS: The classic features of PHP1A include multihormone resistance and the Albright Hereditary Osteodystrophy phenotype (round facies, short stature, subcutaneous ossifications, brachydactyly, and early-onset obesity. Obesity may be because of a decrease in resting energy expenditure because most patients do not report significant hyperphagia...
November 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869627/the-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-on-management-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#10
Brent Graham, Allan E Peljovich, Robert Afra, Mickey S Cho, Rob Gray, John Stephenson, Andrew Gurman, Joy MacDermid, Gary Mlady, Atul T Patel, David Rempel, Tamara D Rozental, Mohammad Kian Salajegheh, Michael Warren Keith, David S Jevsevar, Kevin G Shea, Kevin J Bozic, Julie Adams, Jay Mark Evans, John Lubahn, Wilson Zachary Ray, Robert Spinner, Grant Thomson, William O Shaffer, Deborah S Cummins, Jayson N Murray, Mukarram Mohiuddin, Kyle Mullen, Peter Shores, Anne Woznica, Erica Linskey, Yasseline Martinez, Kaitlyn Sevarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869243/personal-risk-factors-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-female-visual-display-unit-workers
#11
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome, which since the beginning of the seventies has been linked to the keyboard and visual display unit (VDU). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and personal factors associated with CTS in female VDU workers in Italy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants in this study were female adult subjects, working ≥ 20 h/week (N = 631, mean age 38.14±7.81 years, mean working age 12...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859374/neuromuscular-ultrasound-in-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-normal-nerve-conduction-studies
#12
Fazila Aseem, Jessica W Williams, Francis O Walker, Michael S Cartwright
INTRODUCTION: Nerve conduction studies (NCS) are sensitive for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), but a small proportion of patients with clinical CTS have normal NCS. This retrospective study was designed to assess the neuromuscular ultrasound findings in a group of CTS patients. METHODS: The electronic medical record was reviewed by a neurologist to identify patients who had a diagnosis of CTS with normal NCS, including either mixed median-ulnar comparison or transcarpal sensory studies, and complete neuromuscular ultrasound evaluation for CTS...
November 8, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858695/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-investigating-the-sensitivity-of-initial-diagnosis-with-electro-diagnostic-tests-in-600-cases-and-associated-risk-factors-especially-manual-milking
#13
Abdulkadir Tunç, Belma Doğan Güngen
BACKGROUND: Electro-diagnostic studies are the most reliable methods in diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Although there are many risk factors associated with CTS, there are a limited number of studies in the literature indicating that manual milking, which is frequently seen in Turkey, is a risk factor for CTS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate demographic findings of cases referred due to initial diagnosis of CTS as well as aetiological data especially manual milking and to investigate the sensitivity of initial diagnosis of CTS...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847721/prevalence-and-related-characteristics-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-among-orchardists-in-the-gyeongsangnam-do-region
#14
Ho-Yeon Jung, Min Sik Kong, Seung Hun Lee, Chang Han Lee, Min-Kyun Oh, Eun Shin Lee, Heesuk Shin, Chul Ho Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and related characteristics of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in orchardists and to investigate the association between electrodiagnostic severity and physical examinations. METHODS: Between July 2013 and September 2014, 377 subjects (174 men and 203 women) visited the Gyeongsang National University Hospital's Center for Farmer's Safety and Health. All the subjects underwent electrodiagnostic tests and physical examination, including Phalen's test, Tinel's sign, and Durkan's carpal compression test (CCT)...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845501/treatment-for-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#15
REVIEW
Pietro Caliandro, Giuseppe La Torre, Roberto Padua, Fabio Giannini, Luca Padua
BACKGROUND: Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) is the second most common entrapment neuropathy after carpal tunnel syndrome. Treatment may be conservative or surgical, but optimal management remains controversial. This is an update of a review first published in 2010 and previously updated in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of conservative and surgical treatment in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). We intended to test whether:- surgical treatment is effective in reducing symptoms and signs and in increasing nerve function;- conservative treatment is effective in reducing symptoms and signs and in increasing nerve function;- it is possible to identify the best treatment on the basis of clinical, neurophysiological, or nerve imaging assessment...
November 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842937/effectiveness-of-nerve-gliding-exercises-on-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#16
Ruth Ballestero-Pérez, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Alicia Urraca-Gesto, Flor Romo-Romo, María de Los Ángeles Atín-Arratibel, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Natalia Romero-Franco
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the literature regarding the effectiveness of neural gliding exercises for the management of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: A computer-based search was completed through May 2014 in PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Plus, and CINAHL. The following key words were included: nerve tissue, gliding, exercises, carpal tunnel syndrome, neural mobilization, and neurodynamic mobilization...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829824/the-prevalence-of-pronator-teres-among-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mahsa Asheghan, Mohammad Taghi Hollisaz, Abbas Shahabi Aghdam, Amidoddin Khatibiaghda
The aim of conducting this study was to determine the prevalence of PTS among patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. The study was conducted from March 2014 to April 2015 in the EDX ward and clinic of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the university hospital; Baqiytallah, a large referral practice and research center in Tehran. We included patients with clinical symptoms and signs of CTS. Clinical assessments were aimed to the diagnosis of CTS and PTS. At the next stage, ultrasound study was performed for the participants with suspected CTS...
September 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821275/biaxial-quantification-of-deep-layer-transverse-carpal-ligament-elastic-properties-by-sex-and-region
#18
Bryan Mathers, Anne Agur, Michele Oliver, Karen Gordon
BACKGROUND: The transverse carpal ligament is a major component of the carpal tunnel and is an important structure in the etiology of carpal tunnel syndrome. The current study aimed to quantify biaxial elastic moduli of the transverse carpal ligament and compare differences between sex and region (Radial and Ulnar). METHODS: Biaxial testing of radial and ulnar samples from twenty-two (thirteen male, nine female) human fresh frozen cadaveric transverse carpal ligaments was performed...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817058/aromatase-inhibitor-induced-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-prevalence-in-daily-practice
#19
Labidi Soumaya, Mejri Nesrine, El Benna Houda, Afrit Mehdi, Lakhdhar Sarra, Boussen Hamouda
INTRODUCTION: We aim to evaluate prevalence and characteristics of CTS in routine daily practice over a 5-year period, with a review of the literature. METHODS: Patients treated with endocrine therapy (441) were retrospectively analyzed looking for CTS cases in aromatase inhibitors (219, 49.6%) and in tamoxifen (222, 50.3%) patients. We described patient's characteristics and CTS management. We also reviewed the literature reporting CTS in aromatase inhibitors clinical trials...
December 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815975/the-significance-of-ultrasonographic-carpal-tunnel-outlet-measurements-in-the-diagnosis-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#20
Anita Csillik, Dániel Bereczki, László Bora, Zsuzsanna Arányi
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective study to investigate the utility of ultrasonographic carpal tunnel outlet measurements in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: 118 hands of 87 patients with electrophysiologically confirmed CTS and 44 control hands of 23 subjects were assessed. Cross-sectional areas (CSA) of the median nerve were measured at the tunnel inlet, outlet, and forearm. Longitudinal diameters (LAPD) were measured at the inlet, proximal tunnel, distal tunnel, and outlet...
December 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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