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Carpal tunnel syndrome

Brigitte Tampin, Jan Vollert, Annina B Schmid
OBJECTIVE: Distal and proximal entrapment neuropathies such as carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and cervical radiculopathy (CR) share similar etiologies. Experimental models suggest that despite comparable etiology, pathomechanisms associated with injuries of the peripheral and central axon branches are distinct. This study therefore compared self-reported and elicited sensory profiles in patients with distal and proximal entrapment neuropathies. METHODS: Patients with electrodiagnostically confirmed CTS (n = 103) and patients with CR (n = 23) were included in this study...
March 10, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Yasemin Eren, Neşe Güngör Yavasoglu, Selim Selcuk Comoglu
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs as a result of compression of the median nerve at the wrist. The Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire is a selfadministered region-specific outcome instrument which measures symptom severity and functional status. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and electrophysiological relationship with QDASH scale in CTS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 99 females and 22 males in total out of 121 idiopathic CTS patients with the mean age of 47...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Erek W Latzka, P Troy Henning, Adam M Pourcho
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy, resulting in 500,000 carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgeries and a total cost of over 2 billion dollars annually in the United States.1,2 Although initially performed via a large (3-5 cm), palmar incision, CTR techniques have continually evolved to reduce recovery times and post-operative pain, and improve cosmesis and clinical outcomes.2,3 More recently, multiple authors have reported excellent results following ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release (USCTR) using a variety techniques, and one prospective randomized trial reported faster recovery following USCTR compared to traditional mini-open CTR...
March 5, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Troy Henning, Daniel Lueders, Kate Chang, Lynda Yang
The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) in patients that suffer from post-polio syndrome occurs at a rate of 22%.[1] Irrespective of those with CTS, 74% of post-polio patients weight bear through their arms for ambulation or transfers.[1] As open carpal tunnel release is performed along the weight bearing region of the wrist, their functional independence may be altered while recovering. This case demonstrates that ultrasound guided carpal tunnel release(USCTR) was successfully performed in a patient with post-polio syndrome allowing him to immediately weight bear through his hands after the procedure so he could recover at home...
March 5, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Vanessa Baute, Vahakn S Keskinyan, Erica R Sweeney, Kayla D Bowden, Allison Gordon, Janet Hutchens, Michael S Cartwright
INTRODUCTION: Magnet therapy has been proposed as a treatment for neurologic conditions. This trial assessed the feasibility and efficacy of a magnet inserted into a wristband for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: 22 patients with mild-to-moderate CTS were randomized to wear a high-dose or low-dose "sham" magnetic wristband for 6 weeks. The primary outcome was the symptom severity scale (SSS) of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Secondary measures were nerve conduction studies (NCS), median nerve ultrasound, and compliance...
March 7, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
Gi-Young Park, Dong Rak Kwon, Jung Im Seok, Dong-Soon Park, Hee Kyung Cho
Background Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral compression neuropathy of the upper extremity. Recently, dynamic ultrasound (US) imaging has shown differences in median nerve mobility between the affected and unaffected sides in CTS. Purpose The present study was performed to compare the median nerve mobility between patients with CTS and healthy individuals, and to correlate median nerve mobility with the severity of CTS. Material and Methods A total of 101 patients (128 wrists) with CTS and 43 healthy individuals (70 wrists) were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Dong Yoon Park, Seok Kang, Jin Seok Jeong, Joon Shik Yoon
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the echogenicity (EI) ratio of the thenar to hypothenar muscle measured using ultrasonography in assessing the severity of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: Fifty-nine hands of 30 patients electrodiagnostically confirmed as having CTS were classified into 3 subgroups (mild, moderate, and severe). The EI of the thenar and hypothenar muscles was measured with ultrasonography, and the EI ratio was calculated in the patients and 13 normal participants (26 hands)...
March 6, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
Kotaro Matsumoto, Jun Kikuchi, Yuko Kaneko, Hidekata Yasuoka, Kazuko Suzuki, Hirobumi Tokuyama, Kaori Kameyama, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Tsutomu Takeuchi
RATIONALE: Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) can present rheumatic manifestations in patients on long-term hemodialysis. Typical articular symptoms with DRA involve carpal-tunnel syndrome, effusion in large joints, spondyloarthropathy, or cystic bone lesions, which are usually with non-inflammatory processes. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old man on hemodialysis for >30 years was admitted because of intermittent fever, polyarthritis, and elevated serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level, which was continuous for 2 years...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
James H Calandruccio, Norfleet B Thompson
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity. Comorbidities associated with the development of CTS include diabetes and obesity. Although a high rate of repetitive hand/wrist motions is a risk factor, there is insufficient evidence to implicate computer use in the development of CTS. Initial treatment generally is nonoperative, with the strongest evidence supporting bracing/splinting. Strong evidence supports operative treatment, regardless of technique, as superior to nonoperative treatment...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Seher Ünver, Neriman Akyolcu
Context: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the most common peripheral neuropathies, and there is no consensus on the preferred method of treatment. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the effects of hand exercise performed with a ball on symptoms and to evaluate the results in hemodialysis (HD) patients with CTS. Settings and Design: This study was conducted in patients with HD who were treated in dialysis centers and state hospitals in Turkey between 2011 and 2012...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Jamila H Siamwala, Davina G Moossazadeh, Timothy R Macaulay, Rachel L Becker, Rekha H Hargens, Alan R Hargens
Hands may show early signs of aging with altered skin texture, skin permeability and vascular properties. In clinics, a hand volumeter is used to measure swelling of hands due to edema, carpal tunnel syndrome or drug interventions. The hand volume measurements are generally taken without taking age into consideration. We hypothesized that age affects hand volumeter measurements and that the younger age group (≤40 years) records a greater change in hand volume as compared to the older group (>40 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Pilar Vicuña, Juan Francisco Idiáquez, Paula Jara, Francisca Pino, Marcela Cárcamo, Gabriel Cavada, Renato Verdugo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
Anthony L Logli, Brian J Bear, Edric G Schwartz, Kenneth J Korcek, Brian J Foster
PURPOSE: To determine if any significant differences exist in patient-reported or clinical outcomes among 3 different postoperative orthotic regimens: no orthosis, removable orthosis, and plaster nonremovable orthosis-following miniopen carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery for symptomatic isolated carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: A total of 249 patients received a miniopen CTR and were subsequently randomized into 1 of 3 orthotic regimens: 80, no orthosis; 83, removable orthosis; and 86, nonremovable orthosis-to be removed at the first postoperative visit 10 to 14 days later...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Tomasz Wolny, Paweł Linek
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability (intra and inter) of two-point discrimination (2PD) test in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-six adults with unilateral right hand CTS. METHODS: Two examiners performed measurements of 2PD sensation (using Dellon discriminator) on the first three fingers on both hands. The first examiner performed three series of measurements at 1-minute intervals. After 7 days, measurements were repeated by the same examiner (intra-rater)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Tuğba Atan, Zafer Günendi
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic utility of the ultrasonographic ratio of median nerve cross-sectional area (m-CSA) to ulnar nerve cross-sectional area (u-CSA), the m-CSA/u-CSA ratio, in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Materials and methods: Fifty patients with positive symptoms and electromyography results of CTS and 50 healthy matched control subjects were evaluated. Ultrasonographic m-CSA and u-CSA measurements of each participant were made at the level of the pisiform bone and the m-CSA/u-CSA ratio was calculated...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Ivan Utrobičić, Frane Utrobičić, Ivona Prološčić, Toni Utrobičić, Milka Jerić, Antonia Jeličić Kadić, Livia Puljak
The management of postoperative pain after carpal tunnel syndrome surgical treatment at a tertiary hospital was analyzed and compared with the guidelines for perioperative pain management. This retrospective study included 579 patients operated on for carpal tunnel syndrome at the Split University Hospital Center in Split, Croatia. The following key data were collected from patient medical records: age, gender, type and dosage of premedication, type and dosage of anesthesia, type and dosage of postoperative analgesia per each postoperative day...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Jiangbo Bai, Lingde Kong, Hongfang Zhao, Kunlun Yu, Bing Zhang, Jichun Zhang, Dehu Tian
PURPOSE: We have make use of a new method to perform carpal tunnel release (CTR) through a 1.5-2.0 cm long incision The aim of this study is to introduce this method and to compare the effectiveness and safety of this approach to the conventional one. METHODS: We included consecutive patients diagnosed with primary carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) who had CTR from January 2015 to September 2016. A total of 85 patients were included in our study. Among them, 42 patients with mini-incision approach were enrolled in group A, and the other 43 patients with conventional approach were enrolled in group B...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Koichi Yano, Akira Kawabata, Mikinori Ikeda, Keisuke Suzuki, Yasunori Kaneshiro, Takeshi Egi
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compression neuropathy of the median nerve at the wrist; its symptoms include neuropathic pain and sensory and motor disturbance distributed by the median nerve. CTS and hypercholesterolemia have similar backgrounds, but the effect of these similarities on postoperative outcomes has not been reported. Using multivariate analysis, we analyzed the relationship between patients' subjective opinion of their postoperative symptoms compared to preoperative symptoms and prognostic factors, focusing on hypercholesterolemia in patients with idiopathic CTS treated surgically...
February 9, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Basak Mansiz Kaplan, Gulseren Akyuz, Serdar Kokar, Ilker Yagci
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare different conservative treatments in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). STUDY DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled study. METHODS: Patients (n = 169) diagnosed with mild or moderate CTS were screened; 110 met study requirements. The patients were randomized into 3 groups. The control (CON) comparison provided to all patients was a fabricated night orthotic which held the wrist in a neutral position...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Esma Ceceli, Sefa Gumruk, Muyesser Okumus, Seher Kocaoglu, Hamit Goksu, Aynur Karagoz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs Scale (LANSS) to the painDETECT questionnaire (PD-Q) in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS), and determine if there are any differences between hand related functions in the 2 questionnaires. METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was conducted from April to July 2014. Ninety patients with a positive Tinel or Phalen sign were recruited. Hands were evaluated by electromyography and grouped according to mild, moderate or severe involvement...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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