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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525884/training-volume-and-soft-tissue-injury-in-professional-and-non-professional-rugby-union-players-a-systematic-review
#1
Shane Ball, Mark Halaki, Rhonda Orr
AIM: To investigate the relationship between training volume and soft tissue injury incidence, and characterise soft tissue injury in rugby union players. DESIGN: A systematic search of electronic databases was performed. The search strategy combined terms covering: training volume and injury, and rugby union, and players of all levels. DATA SOURCES: Medline, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies were included if they reported: male rugby union players, a clear definition of a rugby union injury, the amount of training volume undertaken by participants, and epidemiological data for soft-tissue injuries including the number or incidence...
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521693/from-tendon-injury-to-collagen-based-tendon-regeneration-overview-and-recent-advances
#2
Clément Rieu, Lise Picaut, Gervaise Mosser, Léa Trichet
Tendon injury is a clinical, societal and economical issue. Moreover, tendon repair represents an important clinical challenge, partly due to the mechanical constraints that occur at the junctions with muscle and bone. Several strategies have been developed for tendon repair. In this review, we first assess the importance of tendon injuries from different sites and their causes. After a short overview of tendon three-dimensional organization, the complexity of the perfect repair quest is presented ranging from current clinical procedures to new engineering scaffolds...
May 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521384/analysis-of-tenodesis-techiques-for-treatment-of-scapholunate-instability-using-the-finite-element-method
#3
Teresa Alonso Rasgado, Qinghang Zhang, David Jimenez Cruz, Colin Bailey, Elizabeth Pinder, Avanthi Mandaleson, Sumedh Talwalkar
Chronic Scapholunate ligament (SL) injuries are difficult to treat and can lead to wrist dysfunction. Whilst several tendon reconstruction techniques have been employed in the management of SL instability, SL gap reappearance after surgery has been reported. Using finite element model and cadaveric study data we investigated the performance of the Corella, schapolunate axis (SLAM) and modified Brunelli tenodesis (MBT) techniques. Virtual tenodesis surgery was undertaken in 3D finite element (FE) models to obtain the scapholunate (SL) gap and angle resulting from the three reconstruction techniques...
May 18, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514510/injury-to-the-infrapatellar-branch-of-the-saphenous-nerve-during-tendon-graft-harvesting-for-knee-ligament-reconstruction-an-ultrasound-simulation-study
#4
Przemysław A Pękala, Ewa Miza, Brandon Michael Henry, Patrick Popieluszko, Marios Loukas, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
INTRODUCTION: The clinical anatomy of the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IPBSN) is of particular importance during operations in the area of the knee, especially when material for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is harvested. The nerve can easily be injured during the harvesting procedure, leading to postoperative complications that reduce quality of life. Three different skin incisions are commonly used during hamstring tendon harvesting: horizontal, vertical, and oblique...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514131/-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#5
Lior Laver, Viktor Feldman, Ezequiel Palmanovich, Eyal Yaacobi, Niv Marom, Omer Mei-Dan
Achilles tendon ruptures cause considerable morbidity and functionality reduction. There is lack of consensus regarding the best option for treatment following acute Achilles tendon rupture. Recent studies have failed to show substantial difference in outcome following conservative or operative treatment using an early active rehabilitation program. Meta-analyses have shown that conservative management has increased the risk of re-rupture, whereas operative intervention carries risks of complications related to the wound and iatrogenic nerve injury...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514129/-hand-injuries-in-rock-climbers
#6
REVIEW
Hagay Orbach, Guy Rubin, Alejandro Wolovelsky, Micha Rinott, Uriel Giwnewer, Nimrod Rozen
Rock climbing, whether practiced in nature on cliffs and boulders or indoors on walls made of resin and wood, has gained tremendous popularity in recent decades. More people are exposed to injuries associated with the unique biomechanical forces of rock climbing. A series of repetitive high torque movements of the upper limbs are needed to ascend a wall or rockface. These movements subject the hand and wrist to large forces, potentially resulting in ligament and tendon sprains or rupture and even bone fracture...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511568/flexor-tendon-ruptures-after-distal-scaphoid-excision-for-scaphotrapeziotrapezoid-osteoarthritis
#7
Matthew E Deren, Charles H Mitchell, Arnold-Peter C Weiss
BACKGROUND: Distal scaphoid excision is one treatment option for osteoarthritis of the scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint following failure of conservative measures. Potential complications of this procedure include injury to the carpal ligaments, cartilage, and radial artery. METHODS: A single case was identified by the senior author, and the medical record was reviewed for surgical notes, progress notes, and radiographs. RESULTS: A 68-year-old male sustained ruptures of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) and flexor digitorum profundus to the index finger 3 years following a distal scaphoid excision for symptomatic STT osteoarthritis...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509826/sclerostin-antibody-treatment-enhances-rotator-cuff-tendon-to-bone-healing-in-an-animal-model
#8
Shivam A Shah, Ioannis Kormpakis, Necat Havlioglu, Michael S Ominsky, Leesa M Galatz, Stavros Thomopoulos
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a common source of pain and disability, and poor healing after repair leads to high retear rates. Bone loss in the humeral head before and after repair has been associated with poor healing. The purpose of the current study was to mitigate bone loss near the repaired cuff and improve healing outcomes. METHODS: Sclerostin antibody (Scl-Ab) treatment, previously shown to increase bone formation and strength in the setting of osteoporosis, was used in the current study to address bone loss and enhance rotator cuff healing in an animal model...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506180/midterm-follow-up-of-treating-volar-marginal-rim-fractures-with-variable-angle-lcp-volar-rim-distal-radius-plates
#9
Chul Ki Goorens, Stijn Geeurickx, Pascal Wernaers, Barbara Staelens, Thierry Scheerlinck, Jean Goubau
BACKGROUND: Specific treatment of the volar marginal rim fragment of distal radius fractures avoids occurance of volar radiocarpal dislocation. Although several fixation systems are available to capture this fragment, adequately maintaining internal fixation is difficult. We present our experience of the first 10 cases using the 2.4 mm variable angle LCP volar rim distal radius plate (Depuy Synthes®, West Chester, US), a low-profile volar rim-contouring plate designed for distal plate positioning and stable buttressing of the volar marginal fragment...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505958/lateral-ankle-pain-and-peroneal-tendon-subluxation-in-a-patient-with-peroneal-quartus-muscle-and-superior-peroneal-retinaculum-injury
#10
Davut Yıldız, Timur Ekiz, Adil Doğan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503753/distal-forearm-fracture-open-reduction-internal-fixation-sonographic-detection-of-hardware-malalignment-and-associated-tendon-injuries-missed-by-radiography
#11
Tara A Morgan, Samantha L Piper, Lisa L Lattanza, Ruth B Goldstein, Thomas Link, Daria Motamedi
Tendon injury is a known complication of distal radius fracture plate and screw fixation. Targeted musculoskeletal sonography is uniquely capable of assessing both tendon integrity and hardware abnormalities not recognized on radiographs. Each of the 3 patients described presented with pain after an open reduction-internal fixation following a distal forearm fracture. In each patient, radiographic findings, specifically the hardware position, were interpreted as normal. Important radiographically occult observations were subsequently made with sonography, including 3 proud screws and tendon injuries, all of which required surgical treatment...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498225/rehabilitation-and-prevention-of-proximal-hamstring-tendinopathy
#12
Nicholas R Beatty, Ioonna Félix, Jessica Hettler, Peter J Moley, James F Wyss
Proximal hamstring tendinopathy (PHT) comprises a small but significant portion of hamstring injuries in athletes, especially runners. PHT is a chronic condition that is clinically diagnosed but can be supported with imaging. The main presenting complaint is pain in the lower gluteal or ischial region that may or may not radiate along the hamstrings in the posterior thigh. There is little scientific evidence on which to base the rehabilitation management of PHT. Treatment is almost always conservative, with a focus on activity modification, addressing contributing biomechanical deficiencies, effective tendon loading including eccentric training, and ultrasound-guided interventional procedures which may facilitate rehabilitation...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495756/cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-conductance-regulator-mediates-tenogenic-differentiation-of-tendon-derived-stem-cells-and-tendon-repair-accelerating-tendon-injury-healing-by-intervening-in-its-downstream-signaling
#13
Yang Liu, Jia Xu, Liangliang Xu, Tianyi Wu, Yuxin Sun, Yuk-Wai Lee, Bin Wang, Hsiao-Chang Chan, Xiaohua Jiang, Jinfang Zhang, Gang Li
Tendons are a mechanosensitive tissue, which enables them to transmit to bone forces that are derived from muscle. Patients with tendon injuries, such as tendinopathy or tendon rupture, were often observed with matrix degeneration, and the healing of tendon injuries remains a challenge as a result of the limited understanding of tendon biology. Our study demonstrates that the stretch-mediated activation channel, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), was up-regulated in tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) during tenogenic differentiation under mechanical stretching...
May 11, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489206/lower-extremity-reconstruction-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-of-the-federal-district-north-wing-regional-hospital
#14
Jefferson Lessa Soares Macedo, Simone Corrêa Rosa, Daniel Lobo Botelho, Clendes Pereira Dos Santos, Murilo Neves DE Queiroz, Tabatha Gonçalves Andrade Castelo Branco Gomes
Objective: to evaluate the management of lower limbs complex traumatic injuries by analyzing their characteristics, types, conduct and evolution, with emphasis on surgical treatment. Methods: we conducted a prospective study of patients treated by Plastic Surgery at a regional hospital of the Federal District during a one-year period. We collected data through serial evaluations and telephone contact records. Results: we studied 40 patients, with a mean age of 25...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487048/relationship-between-grading-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-radiographic-parameters-in-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#15
Kazuya Ikoma, Yusuke Hara, Masamitsu Kido, Kan Imai, Masahiro Maki, Suzuyo Ohashi, Toshikazu Kubo
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the relationship between the state of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT) on magnetic resonance images and foot deformity. The cases included 34 feet in 27 patients with PTT deformity and the controls included 18 feet in 12 patients who had undergone magnetic resonance imaging for other foot diseases. The PTT was closely examined on the magnetic resonance images and classified using the Conti classification. The control feet with no injury to the PTT were classified as grade 0...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483683/the-use-of-dehydrated-human-amnion-chorion-membrane-allograft-injection-dhacm-for-the-treatment-of-tendinopathy-or-arthritis-a-case-series-involving-40-patients
#16
Alfred C Gellhorn, Alex Han
BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint and tendon injuries remain difficult to treat with few effective conservative treatment options. Regenerative approaches aim to promote the inherent healing capacity of injured tissues. Micronized dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) injection is an emerging regenerative option with promising preclinical results. OBJECTIVE: To test the clinical effectiveness of dHACM injection in patients with chronic tendinopathy and arthropathy DESIGN: Case series SETTING: Academic medical center outpatient sports medicine clinic PATIENTS: 40 patients with chronic tendinosis or arthropathy who received dHACM over a period of 9 months...
May 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477270/there-is-no-difference-between-quadriceps-and-hamstring-tendon-autografts-in-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-2-year-patient-reported%C3%A2-outcome-study
#17
Armin Runer, Guido Wierer, Elmar Herbst, Caroline Hepperger, Mirco Herbort, Peter Gföller, Christian Hoser, Christian Fink
PURPOSE: Graft choice for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is crucial, however the optimal graft source remains a topic of controversy. The purpose of this study is to compare subjective and functional patient-reported outcomes (PRO) after single-bundle ACL reconstruction using quadriceps tendon (QT) or hamstring tendon (HT) autografts for single-bundle ACL reconstruction. We hypothesize that there is no difference in patient-reported functional outcomes after ACL reconstruction using either HT- or QT autograft...
May 5, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476383/evaluation-of-a-new-knotless-suture-anchor-repair-in-acute-achilles-tendon-ruptures-a-biomechanical-comparison-of-three-techniques
#18
James M Cottom, Joseph S Baker, Phillip E Richardson, Jared M Maker
Acute ruptures of the Achilles tendon are a common injury, and debate has continued in published studies on how best to treat these injuries. Specifically, controversy exists regarding the surgical approaches for Achilles tendon repair when one considers percutaneous versus open repair. The present study investigated the biomechanical strength of 3 different techniques for Achilles tendon repair in a cadaveric model. A total of 36 specimens were divided into 3 groups, each of which received a different construct...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473366/compensating-for-loss-running-on-one-tibialis-anterior
#19
Richard A C Dimock, Edward John Christopher Dawe, Olusegun Aiyenuro
Rupture of the tibialis anterior (TA) tendon is rare and may be either traumatic or spontaneous. TA is the main ankle dorsiflexor, providing 80% of the power, as well as contributing to inversion of the foot. We describe a case of an 84-year-old male who was incidentally diagnosed with absence of his left TA at age 46 while preparing for his first-ever marathon. There was no history of specific injury to this tendon. He subsequently went on to lead an active sporting life, completing over 20 marathons with a best time of 3 hours 12 min...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471915/incidence-of-delayed-diagnosis-of-orthopaedic-injury-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#20
Jeremy D Podolnick, Daniel S Donovan, Alfred W Atanda
TITLE: Incidence of delayed diagnosis of orthopaedic injury in pediatric trauma patients OBJECTIVE:: Determine the incidence of the delayed diagnosis of orthopaedic injuries in pediatric trauma patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective analysis. SETTING: Level I pediatric trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: All patients with an orthopaedic consultation following a trauma activation with a diagnosis of fracture, dislocation, traumatic arthrotomy, neurovascular injury, amputation, and tendon or ligament injury requiring intervention...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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