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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904216/scapholunate-ligament-reconstruction-using-the-palmaris-longus-tendon-and-suture-anchor-fixation-in-chronic-scapholunate-instability
#1
Maulik Jagdish Gandhi, Timothy Paul Knight, Peter John Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Multiple reconstruction techniques have been described in the management of chronic scapholunate (SL) instability, either based on the capsulodesis or tenodesis principle. It is uncertain which surgical method produces the best patient outcomes. We describe results of a technique using palmaris longus (PL) tendon for surgical reconstruction of the SL ligament and provide functional outcomes scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surgically reconstructed the SL ligament using a PL tendon graft secured with Mitek(®) bone anchors...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886842/hand-and-wrist-injuries-in-golfers-and-their-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Sang-Hyun Woo, Young-Keun Lee, Jong-Min Kim, Ho-Jun Cheon, William H J Chung
A thorough understanding of the swing phases and mechanisms of injury in golf allows accurate diagnosis, treatment, and future prevention of injuries. Recommended initial treatment starts with cessation of practice to rest the wrist, a splint or orthotic brace, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug medication with corticosteroid injection and swing modification. Pisiform excision is the best treatment of the most severe chronic cases of pisiform ligament complex syndrome. Delayed diagnosis of hook of hamate fracture may lead to complications, including flexor tendon rupture...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886830/flexor-tendon-pulley-injuries-in-rock-climbers
#3
REVIEW
Elizabeth A King, John R Lien
Closed pulley ruptures are rare in the general population but occur more frequently in rock climbers due to biomechanical demands on the hand. Injuries present with pain and swelling over the affected pulley, and patients may feel or hear a pop at the time of injury. Sequential pulley ruptures are required for clinical bowstringing of the flexor tendons. Ultrasound confirms diagnosis of pulley rupture and evaluates degree of displacement of the flexor tendons. Isolated pulley ruptures frequently are treated conservatively with early functional rehabilitation...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879606/improving-outcomes-in-tendon-repair-a-critical-look-at-the-evidence-for-flexor-tendon-repair-and-rehabilitation
#4
Wee S Khor, Martin F Langer, Richard Wong, Rui Zhou, Fiona Peck, Jason K F Wong
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Appreciate the variation and evolution of flexor tendon management 2. Know how to assess the patient who presents with a flexor tendon laceration. 3. Understand the biology of repairing flexor tendon lacerations. 4. Appreciate the technical challenges in flexor tendon repair relating to different zones. 5. Understand the rationale of postoperative hand therapy. 6. Have an overview of the types of secondary tendon surgery...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858573/multiple-nerve-and-tendon-transfers-a-new-strategy-for-restoring-hand-function-in-a-patient-with-c7-t1-brachial-plexus-avulsions
#5
Bin Xu, Zhen Dong, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Yu-Dong Gu
C7-T1 brachial plexus palsies result in a loss of finger motion and hand function. The authors have observed that finger flexion motion can be recovered after a brachialis motor branch transfer. However, finger flexion strength after this procedure merely corresponds to Medical Research Council Grades M2-M3, lowering the grip strength and practical value of the reconstructed hand. Therefore, they used 2 donor nerves and accomplished double nerve transfers for stronger finger flexion. In a patient with a C7-T1 brachial plexus injury, they transferred the pronator teres branch to the anterior interosseous nerve and the brachialis motor branch to the flexor digitorum superficialis branch for reinnervation of full finger flexors...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851667/outcomes-after-primary-repair-and-staged-reconstruction-of-zone-i-and-ii-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-children
#6
Samantha L Piper, Lesley C Wheeler, Janith K Mills, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott N Oishi
BACKGROUND: Delayed diagnosis of flexor tendon injury in children is common, and consequent flexor sheath scarring may necessitate a 2-stage reconstruction. Previous studies show variable outcomes after 2-stage flexor reconstruction in children, especially those below 6 years old. We evaluated functional and subjective outcomes of primary repair and staged reconstruction of zone I and II tendon injuries in children under 6 years of age. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified 12 digits in 10 patients who had undergone surgical treatment of a zone I or II flexor tendon injury...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847680/distal-radius-fracture-outcomes-and-rehabilitation
#7
Tochukwu C Ikpeze, Heather C Smith, Daniel J Lee, John C Elfar
Distal radius fractures account for nearly 1 of every 5 fractures in individuals aged 65 or older. Moreover, increased susceptibility to vertebral and hip fractures has been documented in patients a year after suffering a distal radius fracture. Although women are more susceptible to hip fractures, men experience a higher mortality rate in the 7 years following a distal radius fracture. Traditional approaches to distal radius fractures have included both surgical and nonsurgical treatments, with predominant complaints involving weakness, stiffness, and pain...
December 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846351/-dislocation-of-the-extensor-tendons-of-the-hand-at-the-metacarpo-phalangeal-level-zone-v-of-verdan
#8
J M Fernández-Vázquez, U Ayala-Gamboa
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Traumatic dislocation of the extensor tendon over the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint is a rare lesion that is caused by the dysfunction or rupture of the sagittal band, which is an important stabilizing structure of the extensor tendon. This mechanical alteration presents itself as instability that affects function and may cause pain or snapping during finger motion. The diagnosis is made when ulnar dislocation of the extensor tendon is observed over the MCP joint...
March 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833288/algorithmic-surgical-enhancement-of-function-after-finger-revascularisation
#9
Luis Landin, Pedro Bolado, Maria-Angeles Gajete, Alvaro Gonzalez-Miranda, Jorge Bonastre
Secondary surgical procedures can improve the function of revascularised and replanted digits. We describe the case of a patient who underwent multidigit revascularisation and replantation following a saw injury at flexor tendon Zone II. To achieve maximal functional improvement after finger revascularisation, we performed secondary surgical procedures in an order that was determined by following a reconstructive decision procedure that covered late revascularisation, nerve reconstruction, pedicled vascularised joint transfer, staged flexor tendon reconstruction and skin revision...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826460/percutaneous-release-of-the-first-dorsal-extensor-compartment-a-cadaver-study
#10
Ali Güleç, Faik Türkmen, Serdar Toker, Mehmet Ali Acar
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficiency of the percutaneous 18-G needle technique in releasing the fibro-osseous sheath over the first dorsal extensor compartment of the hand. METHODS: Using anatomic landmarks, percutaneous release was performed with an 18-G needle on 48 wrists of 24 cadavers. The specimens were then dissected and examined for the completeness of the first dorsal extensor compartment release and any tendon or neurovascular injuries. The tunnel length, number of abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons, presence of an intertendinous septum, and the effects of these parameters on percutaneous release were evaluated...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818829/variant-superficial-branch-of-radial-artery-along-with-supplementary-tendons-on-the-dorsum-of-the-hand-and-their-surgical-implications
#11
Satheesha B Nayak, Naveen Kumar, Ashwini Aithal Padur, Surekha D Shetty
Variations of radial artery, in both its course and branching pattern in the anatomical snuffbox, are clinically significant for the plastic surgeons, cardiologists, and radiologists. Reports on its abnormal high origin and subsequent superficial course have been well documented. Herein, we report an unusual superficial branch of the radial artery given off before its entry into the palm by passing between the two heads of first dorsal interosseous. It eventually divided into princeps pollicis and radialis indicis arteries at the first web space of palm as a unique vascular variation...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816609/surgical-exploration-of-hand-wounds-in-the-emergency-room-preliminary-study-of-80-personal-injury-claims
#12
J Mouton, H Houdre, R Beccari, N Tarissi, M Autran, I Auquit-Auckbur
BACKGROUND: The SHAM Insurance Company in Lyon, France, estimated that inadequate hand wound exploration in the emergency room (ER) accounted for 10% of all ER-related personal injury claims in 2013. The objective of this study was to conduct a critical analysis of 80 claims that were related to hand wound management in the ER and led to compensation by SHAM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty claims filed between 2007 and 2010 were anonymised then included into the study...
November 2, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806538/epidemiology-of-the-upper-extremity-trauma-in-a-traumatic-center-in-iran
#13
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Ebrahim Ameri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Azadeh Memarian
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic injuries are the most common types of traumatic injuries and present as fractures of the limbs, pelvis, and vertebrae or lesions in soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The upper limb fractures occur in distal radius and ulna, metacarpals, fingers, scapula, and carpal bones, Proximal, diaphysis, distal humerus, clavicle, proximal ulna and radio and distal humero and humero, radio, ulna, and metacarpo. The objective of this project was to accurately describe the occurrence of injuries of the upper extremity and the mechanisms of such injuries in a representative sample of Iranian population...
August 10, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795781/-digital-replantation-results-and-complications-study-of-a-series-of-18-cases
#14
Mohammed El Idrissi, Abdelhalim Elibrahimi, Mohammed Shimi, Abdelmajid Elmrini
Digital amputations are frequent injuries, the majority of them are caused by workplace accidents. Microsurgical techniques are an alternative option to repair these amputations. This study aims to report our experience in digital replantation through the examination of 18 cases. We conducted a retrospective study of 14 patients with total or subtotal fingers amputation between June 2013 and January 2015. All unidigital and multidigital replantations downstream of the distal insertion of superficial flexor tendon as well as all digital replantations upstream of the distal insertion of superficial flexor tendon were included in our study...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793442/pulling-harder-than-the-hamate-tolerates-evaluation-of-hamate-injuries-in-rock-climbing-and-bouldering
#15
Christoph Lutter, Andreas Schweizer, Thomas Hochholzer, Thomas Bayer, Volker Schöffl
OBJECTIVE: Hamate hook fractures are rare injuries, comprising 2% to 4% of all carpal fractures. Climbing athletes seem to be affected more frequently than others, as they strain the passive and active anatomical structures of their hands and fingers to maximum capacity during training or competing. This stress is transmitted to the hook of the hamate by tightened flexor tendons, which creates high contact pressure to the ulnar margin of the carpal tunnel. Injuries of the hamate hook, caused by contact pressure of the anatomical structures, are rare and occur nearly exclusively during climbing...
October 25, 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793417/relative-motion-orthoses-in-the-management-of-various-hand-conditions-a-scoping-review
#16
Melissa J Hirth, Julianne W Howell, Lisa O'Brien
STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. INTRODUCTION: The relative motion (RM) concept and immediate controlled active motion (ICAM) program, originally applied after zones IV-VII extensor tendon repairs, have been modified and extended to a variety of hand conditions, such as sagittal band injury, boutonniere deformity, and extensor lag. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To scope the published and unpublished literature to review ICAM modifications, hand conditions for which the RM concept is used, and describe the preferred degree of relative metacarpophalangeal joint extension/flexion reported and spectrum of orthosis design...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792069/management-of-hand-injuries-part-ii
#17
Elda G Ramirez, K Sue Hoyt
Hand injuries are a frequent emergency department occurrence and account for most upper extremity injuries. Proper assessment and management of hand injuries can reduce morbidity and prevent long-term disability. "Assessment of Acute Hand Injuries" Part I was discussed in the Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal (). Part II herein discusses the epidemiology, radiographs, and the management of hand lacerations, fingertip injuries, and fractures. Part III will discuss the management of tendon, ligamentous, neurovascular, and other special hand injuries along with the management of selected chronic hand conditions...
October 2016: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780516/anterolateral-thigh-free-flap-for-simultaneous-reconstruction-of-digital-extensor-tendon-and-defect-of-the-dorsal-hand-a-case-report
#18
Man-Yi Cui, Hui Shen
This paper describes a new technique in the repair of the hand defect with digital extensor tendon injury. The anterolateral thigh flap with the thick femoral fascia has been used in the reconstruction of the composite defect of the dorsal hand, especially the defect of tendon. This technique requires short period of treatment and hence causes less damage to the donor site but shows a better recovery of the hand function. A favorable curative effect has been obtained in this patient.
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745892/relative-displacement-of-the-tendon-and-subsynovial-connective-tissue-using-ultrasound-captures-different-phenomena-than-mechanical-tendon-shear
#19
Jimmy Tat, Aaron M Kociolek, Peter J Keir
The most common finding in carpal tunnel syndrome is fibrosis and thickening of the subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT). While the SSCT mediates tendon gliding in the carpal tunnel, this histopathology suggests excessive shear forces are involved in injury development. Ultrasound is often used to quantify relative motion between the finger flexor tendons and SSCT as an indirect measure of "shear-strain"; however, the underlying mechanical implications of using ultrasound are not well understood. The middle flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) tendon of 8 cadavers was moved in a combination of 2 wrist postures (neutral, flexed), 3 velocities (5, 10, 15cm/s), and 3 forces (10, 20, 30N) to assess ultrasound-based FDS-SSCT relative displacement while simultaneously quantifying tendon frictional work in the carpal tunnel...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741145/the-clinical-effect-of-tendon-repair-for-tendon-spontaneous-rupture-after-corticosteroid-injection-in-hands-a-retrospective-observational-study
#20
Hui Lu, Hu Yang, Hui Shen, Ganmin Ye, Xiang-Jin Lin
Corticosteroid injections for hand tendinitis can lead to a rare significant complication of tendon spontaneous rupture. However, only sporadic cases were reported in the literature before. This study was designed to gauge the clinical effect of tendon repair in patients of tendon spontaneous rupture after corticosteroid injection and analyze our experience.This was a retrospective observational study of 13 patients (8 women and 5 men) operated between July 2011 and December 2015 for tendon spontaneous rupture after corticosteroid injection...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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