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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776006/mineralization-can-be-an-incidental-ultrasonographic-finding-in-equine-tendons-and-ligaments
#1
Etienne J O O'Brien, Roger K W Smith
Tendon/ligament mineralization is recognized in horses but information regarding its clinical significance is limited. The aims of this observational study were to report the structures most commonly affected by ultrasonographically detectable mineralization and, for these, determine frequency of diagnosis and key clinical features. Cases presented at our hospital in April 1999-April 2013 and September 2014-November 2015 were included: a total of 27 horses (22 retrospective, five prospective). Mineralizations were most common in deep digital flexor tendons (10) and suspensory ligament branches (eight), representing 10% and 7% (estimated), respectively, of horses diagnosed with injuries to these structures during the study...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764283/minimally-invasive-thread-trigger-digit-release-a-preliminary-report-on-34-digits-of-the-adult-hands
#2
Danqing Guo, Logan McCool, Alexander Senk, Brionn Tonkin, Joseph Guo, Rachel M Lytie, Danzhu Guo
The trigger finger release was performed in 34 digits (11 thumbs and 23 fingers) of 24 patients through the thread transecting technique with the tip-to-tip approach, in which a 22-gauge needle inserts into a 18-gauge needle when both needles are inside the hand, guiding the 22-gauge needle to exit the hand at the same access point of 18-gauge needle. We prospectively evaluated the effectiveness and functional recovery of these patients. In all 34 digits, triggering and locking were resolved, and complete extension and flexion occurred immediately following the release...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748878/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-gustilo-type-iii-open-distal-tibial-and-tibial-shaft-fractures-after-staged-treatment-with-posterolateral-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-technique
#3
Xiaojian He, Chuanzhen Hu, Kaihua Zhou, Qilin Zhai, Weifeng Wen, Fugen Pan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the methods and the outcomes of Gustilo type III open distal tibial and tibial shaft fractures with severe anterior and medial soft-tissue injuries, treated with posterolateral minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique. METHODS: From May 2015 to May 2016, 10 patients with Gustilo type III open distal tibial and tibial shaft fractures with severe anterior and medial soft-tissue injuries (Gustilo-Anderson classification IIIA, 6; IIIB, 4) were treated with staged protocol using posterolateral minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique...
May 10, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746383/angle-specific-isokinetic-metrics-highlight-strength-training-needs-of-elite-youth-soccer-players
#4
Steven J Eustace, Richard M Page, Matt Greig
Eustace, SJ, Page, RM, and Greig, M. angle specific isokinetic metrics highlight strength training needs of elite youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to assess traditional and angle-specific isokinetic strength of eccentric knee flexors (eccKFs) and concentric knee extensors (conKEs) between senior professional and youth soccer players. Thirty-four male soccer players (17 senior and 17 youth) were recruited for bilateral assessments at 180, 270, and 60°·s...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738929/musicians-injuries-upper-quarter-motor-control-deficits-in-musicians-with-prolonged-symptoms-a-case-control-study
#5
Flavio M Silva, Jean-Michel Brismée, Phillip S Sizer, Troy L Hooper, Gary E Robinson, Alex B Diamond
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. BACKGROUND: A large number of student and professional musicians are affected by long term playing related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMSDs) during their career, with prevalence rates above 80%. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if there were differences between musicians with and without prolonged symptoms of upper quarter PRMSDs in the presence of: (1) scapular dyskinesis; (2) cervical motor control and endurance deficits...
April 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736923/reconstruction-of-complex-tissue-defect-of-forearm-with-a-chimeric-flap-composed-of-a-sural-neurocutaneous-flap-and-a-vascularized-fibular-graft-a-case-report
#6
Chunyang Wang, Jia Xu, Gen Wen, Yimin Chai
One-stage reconstruction of composite bone and soft-tissue defects in the forearm remains a tough challenge. Here, we present a case of reconstruction of complex tissue defect at forearm with a chimeric flap consisting of a sural neurocutaneous flap and a fibular graft. A 61-year-old man suffered from a machine crush injury in his left forearm, resulting in a complex tissue defect including extensive dorsomedial soft-tissue, digit extensor muscles of 2-4 fingers, the muscle flexor carpi ulnaris, the ulna bone with 5...
May 7, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721438/correlations-between-the-equine-metacarpophalangeal-joint-angulation-and-toe-conformation-in-statics
#7
Jenny Hagen, Kaid Kojah, Michael Geiger
The angulation of the equine fetlock determines the load of associated tendons and probably their predisposition for injuries. However, it is questionable how the individual toe conformation and tendon properties interact with the dorsal metacarpophalangeal joint angle (DMPJ). Data are needed for a tangible evaluation of the equine limb conformation for more specific orthopaedic treatment. The aim was to evaluate the correlation between the DMPJ, toe conformation and cross-sectional area (CSA) of both flexor tendons; the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) and deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT)...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715649/allogeneic-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-in-healthy-equine-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-a-study-of-the-local-inflammatory-response
#8
Jaqueline Souza Brandão, Marina Landim Alvarenga, João Pedro Hubbe Pfeifer, Vitor Hugo Dos Santos, Carlos Eduardo Fonseca-Alves, Mirian Rodrigues, Renée Laufer-Amorim, José Antonio Lucas Castillo, Ana Liz Garcia Alves
The superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) is a structure frequently affected by injuries in high-performance athletic horses, and there are limited therapeutic options. Regenerative medicine has evolved significantly in treating different illnesses. However, understanding the cellular behaviour during mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in healthy tissues is not fully known yet. To address the inflammatory response induced by allogeneic MSC transplantation, this study evaluated the local inflammatory response after the application of allogeneic adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) in the equine tendon compared to an autologous transplant and the control group...
March 21, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713736/accessory-head-of-the-extensor-carpi-radialis-longus-muscle-merging-with-extensor-carpi-radialis-brevis-muscle
#9
Kiwook Yang, In-Jang Choi, Jae-Ho Lee
PURPOSE: The retention and capture functions of hand can be achieved by the consistent manner work of the extensor and flexor muscles. Therefore, it is important to know variations of the extensor and flexor muscles. METHODS: During an educational dissection, accessory heads of the extensor carpi radialis longus muscle were found on the right side in a Korean cadaver. RESULTS: The extensor carpi radialis longus muscle was originated from the lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus and trifurcated into three heads as lateral, intermediated, and medial heads...
April 30, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704937/a-retrospective-cohort-study-investigating-risk-factors-for-the-failure-of-thoroughbred-racehorses-to-return-to-racing-after-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injury
#10
N Tamura, K Kodaira, E Yoshihara, N Mae, Y Yamazaki, H Mita, T Kuroda, K Fukuda, A Tomita, Y Kasashima
A retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate risk factors for the failure of Thoroughbred racehorses to return to racing after an injury of the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT). Successful return was defined as the completion of five or more races after SDFT injury. The official Japan Racing Association (JRA) medical records of racehorses with a core-type SDFT injury were reviewed for clinical variables related to the characteristics of the horse and the severity of SDFT injuries at the time of diagnosis...
May 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701092/the-functional-and-dynamometer-tested-results-of-transtendinous-flexor-hallucis-longus-transfer-for-neglected-ruptures-of-the-achilles-tendon-at-six-years-follow-up
#11
C J Lever, H A Bosman, A H N Robinson
Aims Flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon transfer is a well-recognized technique in the treatment of the neglected tendo Achillis (TA) rupture. Patients and Methods We report a retrospective review of 20/32 patients who had undergone transtendinous FHL transfer between 2003 and 2011 for chronic TA rupture. Their mean age at the time of surgery was 53 years (22 to 83). The mean time from rupture to surgery was seven months (1 to 36). The mean postoperative follow-up was 73 months (29 to 120). Six patients experienced postoperative wound complications...
May 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692376/sports-injury-related-fingers-and-thumb-deformity-due-to-tendon-or-ligament-rupture
#12
Rong-Jie Bai, Hui-Bo Zhang, Hui-Li Zhan, Zhan-Hua Qian, Nai-Li Wang, Yue Liu, Wen-Ting Li, Yu-Ming Yin
Background: Hand injuries are very common in sports, such as skiing and ball sports. One of the major reasons causing hand and finger deformity is due to ligament and tendon injury. The aim of this study was to investigate if the high-resolution 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can demonstrate the complex anatomy of the fingers and thumb, especially the tendons and ligaments, and provide the accurate diagnosis of clinically important fingers and thumbs deformity due to ligamentous and tendinous injuries during sport activities...
May 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683338/ulnar-nerve-complications-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-of-the-elbow-a-systematic-review
#13
Jason B Clain, Mark A Vitale, Christopher S Ahmad, David E Ruchelsman
BACKGROUND: While ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) of the elbow is an increasingly commonly performed procedure with excellent results reported in the published literature, less attention has been paid to specifically on the characterization of postoperative ulnar nerve complications, and it is unclear what operative strategies may influence the likelihood of these complications. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence and type of ulnar nerve complications after UCLR of the elbow based on the entirety of previously published outcomes in the English literature...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670997/burn-survivors-pulmonary-and-muscular-impairment-exercise-tolerance-and-return-to-work-following-medical-vocational-rehabilitation-a-long-term-follow-up
#14
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
OBJECTIVE: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. PATIENTS: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. METHODS: Return-to-work rate was followed after completed medical-vocational rehabilitation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665848/characterization-and-utilization-of-the-flexor-digitorum-brevis-for-assessing-skeletal-muscle-function
#15
Michael D Tarpey, Adam J Amorese, Nicholas P Balestrieri, Terence E Ryan, Cameron A Schmidt, Joseph M McClung, Espen E Spangenburg
BACKGROUND: The ability to assess skeletal muscle function and delineate regulatory mechanisms is essential to uncovering therapeutic approaches that preserve functional independence in a disease state. Skeletal muscle provides distinct experimental challenges due to inherent differences across muscle groups, including fiber type and size that may limit experimental approaches. The flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) possesses numerous properties that offer the investigator a high degree of experimental flexibility to address specific hypotheses...
April 17, 2018: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663091/anatomical-feasibility-study-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-transfer-in-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-and-posteromedial-portal-of-ankle-arthroscopy
#16
Haijiao Mao, Linger Wang, Wenwei Dong, Zhenxin Liu, Weigang Yin, Dachuan Xu, Keith L Wapner
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of anatomical variations of the musculotendinous junction of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) muscle, the relationship between FHL tendon or muscle and the tibial neurovascular bundle at the level of the posterior ankle joint in human cadavers. METHODS: Seventy embalmed feet from 20 male and 15 female cadavers, the cadavers' mean age was 65.4 (range from 14 to 82) years, were dissected and anatomically classified to observe FHL muscle morphology define the relationship between FHL tendon or muscle and the tibial neurovascular bundle...
April 16, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662762/local-administration-of-trolox-a-vitamin-e-analog-reduced-tendon-adhesion-in-a-chicken-model-of-flexor-digitorum-profundus-tendon-injury
#17
Yuk Wa Lee, Sai Chuen Fu, Tsui Yu Mok, Kai Ming Chan, Leung Kim Hung
Background: Hand flexor tendon injuries are compromised with tendon adhesion. Tendon adhesion forms between flexor tendon and tendon sheath, reduces the range of motion of fingers, and affects their function. Oxidative stress is increased in flexor tendon after injury and might play a role in tendon adhesion formation. Trolox (6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid), a water-soluble analog of vitamin E, is antioxidative. Trolox reduced oxidative stress and the expression of fibrotic cytokines in the bile gut ligation animal model...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660953/whole-body-vibration-improves-ankle-spasticity-balance-and-walking-ability-in-individuals-with-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Taesung In, Kyoungsim Jung, Mingoo Lee, Hwi-Young Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on ankle spasticity, balance, and walking ability in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) at cervical level. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with cervical iSCI were randomly assigned to WBV (n = 14) or control group (n = 14). WBV group received WBV training, while control group was treated with placebo-treatment. All interventions were given for 20-min, twice a day, 5-days a week for 8-weeks...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658521/ratios-of-torques-of-antagonist-muscle-groups-in-female-soccer-players
#19
Artur Struzik, Adam Siemieński, Tadeusz Bober, Bogdan Pietraszewski
PURPOSE: An increase in the value of the hamstring-to-quadriceps (H/Q) ratio with an increase in angular velocity may effectively prevent injuries of the back of the thigh. Previous studies have found that the conventional H/Q ratio was unaltered along with an increasing angular velocity in females. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationships between the conventional H/Q ratio and angular velocity in a group of female soccer players. METHODS: The study was carried out on a group of 16 female soccer players (age: 20...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657849/talar-process-fractures-an-overview-and-update-of-the-literature
#20
Haroon Majeed, Donald J McBride
Fractures of the lateral and the posterior processes of the talus are uncommon and frequently missed because of a low level of suspicion and difficulty in interpretation on plain radiographs. Missed fractures can lead to persistent pain and reduced function.Lateral process fractures are usually a consequence of forced dorsiflexion and inversion of fixed pronated foot. These are also commonly known as snowboarder's fractures.The posterior process of the talus is composed of medial and lateral tubercles, separated by the groove for the flexor hallucis longus tendon...
March 2018: EFORT Open Reviews
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