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G H Chen, H W Huang, Y Wang, H W Liu, L J Xu, X Ma, S L Xue, X F He, Y Wang, B Gu, C X Li, H Y Qiu, X W Tang, Z M Jin, M Miao, A N Sun, D P Wu
Objective: To study the specific killing effect of CD4 membrane protein targeted chimeric antigen receptor modified T (CAR-T) cell. Methods: The second generation CD4 targeted chimeric antigen receptor containing 4-1BB costimulation domain was insert into lentiviral vector through recombinant DNA technology. Lentivirus was prepared and packaged by 293T cells with four plasmids. Beads activated T cells were transduced with lentivirus and the transduction efficiency was checked with Protein L and flow cytometry...
February 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Y Jiang, H Y Chao, X W Zhang, M Zhou, X Z Lu, R Zhang, C He, Q Wang
Objective: To explore the effects and possible mechanisms of the novel pan-FGFR inhibitor BGJ398 on KG-1 cells in vitro. Methods: Effects of BGJ398 on cells proliferation were detected by CCK-8, the apoptosis was assessed by Annexin V-FITC. Reverse transcriptionquantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) analysis was used to detect the expression of apoptosis-related genes B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and caspase-3. Western blotting analysis was performed to explore the proteins expression levels of Bcl-2, caspase-3 and the expression of p-AKT, p-S6K, p-ERK and FGFR1...
February 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
R J Wang, M L Wen, Q Zhou, X W Wei, H Li, Y B Zhao, Y F Qi, J Luan, X F Zhou
Objective: To elucidate the association between large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BKCa ) in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) and sympathetic outflow in rats with chronic heart failure (CHF) . Methods: Male Wistar rats (6-7 weeks old) were randomized to sham operated group and CHF group (coronary artery ligation) . Two weeks after operation, BKCa inhibitor Iberiotoxin (IBTX) was infused into PVN by osmotic minipumps, rats were divided into following groups: sham+aCSF, CHF+aCSF, sham+low dose IBTX (0...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
X Q Wang, C S Wu, S Sun, J Wang, W Li, W Zhang
Objective: To investigate the situation of hip dislocation with the application of "femur first" principle and "combined anteversion technique" during total hip arthroplasty. Methods: A retrospective analysis has been done on the clinical data about 104 patients(133 hips)who were diagnosed as hip disease and were treated with total hip arthroplasty by the doctors from the Department of Joint Orthorpaedics of Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from June 2014 to June 2016, and all the prostheses applied in the operation were cementless ones...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Weidong Gu, Vikrant Dutta, Mary Patrick, Beau B Bruce, Aimee Geissler, Jennifer Huang, Collette Fitzgerald, Olga Henao
Background: Culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) are increasingly used to diagnose Campylobacter infection in the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet). Because CIDTs have different performance characteristics compared with culture, which has been used historically and is still used to diagnose campylobacteriosis, adjustment of cases diagnosed by CIDT is needed to compare with culture-confirmed cases for monitoring incidence trends. Methods: We identified the necessary parameters for CIDT adjustment using culture as the gold standard, and derived formulas to calculate positive predictive values (PPVs)...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Neha Maurya, Mehraj Ud Din Parray, Jitendra Kumar Maurya, Amit Kumar, Rajan Patel
The binding nature of amphiphilic drugs viz. promethazine hydrochloride (PMT) and adiphenine hydrochloride (ADP), with human hemoglobin (Hb) was unraveled by fluorescence, absorbance, time resolved fluorescence, fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and circular dichroism (CD) spectral techniques in combination with molecular docking and molecular dynamic simulation methods. The steady state fluorescence spectra indicated that both PMT and ADP quenches the fluorescence of Hb through static quenching mechanism which was further confirmed by time resolved fluorescence spectra...
March 11, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Skyler L Jackman, Christopher H Chen, Selmaan N Chettih, Shay Q Neufeld, Iain R Drew, Chimuanya K Agba, Isabella Flaquer, Alexis N Stefano, Thomas J Kennedy, Justine E Belinsky, Keiramarie Roberston, Celia C Beron, Bernardo L Sabatini, Christopher D Harvey, Wade G Regehr
Optical methods of interrogating neural circuits have emerged as powerful tools for understanding how the brain drives behaviors. Optogenetic proteins are widely used to control neuronal activity, while genetically encoded fluorescent reporters are used to monitor activity. These proteins are often expressed by injecting viruses, which frequently leads to inconsistent experiments due to misalignment of expression and optical components. Here, we describe how silk fibroin films simplify optogenetic experiments by providing targeted delivery of viruses...
March 20, 2018: Cell Reports
B Piyumi Wijesirigunawardana, B Gayani K Perera
The present study focused on using microencapsulation technique to develop an antioxidant and antibacterial active smart cotton fabric using encapsulated lime oil (LO). LO microcapsules were prepared via the complex coacervation method using chitosan and gum arabic wall materials. UV-Visible and FTIR spectrometry verified the successful encapsulation of LO. The synthesized LO microcapsules were irregular in shape and differed in size between 15-160 μm according to the optical and SEM images. The loading of the microcapsules was found to be 2943 ± 128 μL/g with a loading efficiency of 82 ± 4%...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Biljana K Tubić, Sandra S Vladimirov, Bojan D Marković, Tibor J Sabo
O,O'-diethyl-(S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N'-di-2-(3-cyclohexyl)propanoate (DE-EDCP) is novel substance with cytotoxic activity in human leukemic cells. The aim of this study has been to predict in vivo bioavailability of the DE-EDCP and its potential metabolite (S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N'-di-2-(3-cyclohexyl)propanoic acid (EDCP) by in vitro characterization which includes determination of lipophilicity and passive membrane permeability. There has also been evaluated inter-laboratory reproducibility of the bio-analytical method which was previously developed and validated for non-clinical study of the DE-EDCP and EDCP...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Seyed Mostafa Hasan Nasrollahi, Mohammad Ali Ghasemzadeh, Mohammad Reza Zolfaghari
The synthesis of heterocyclic compounds has been a topic of significant interest because of their broad applications. In this research an effective and eco-friendly approach for the synthesis 1,4-dihydropyridines has been developed via the four-component reactions of arylamines, acetylenedicarboxylates, aromatic aldehydes and ethyl acetoacetate in the presence of Fe3O4@SiO2@OSO3H nanocomposite under solvent-free conditions. The advantages of this method involve the green reaction conditions, simple workup, broad substrates, excellent yields and the reuse of the nanocatalyst...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Dattatray G Deshmukh, Mukund N Bangal, Mukunda R Patekar, Vijay J Medhane, Vijayavitthal Thippannachar Mathad
The present work describes investigation of mechanistic pathway for trimethyl borate mediated amidation of (R)-mandelic acid (3) with 4-nitophenylethylamine (2) to provide (R)-2-hydroxy-N-[2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl]-2-phenylacetamide (4) during mirabegron synthesis. Plausible reaction mechanism is proposed by isolating and elucidating the active α-hydroxy ester intermediate 16 from the reaction mass. Trimethyl borate mediated approach proved to be selective in providing 4 without disturbing α-hydroxyl group and stereochemistry of the chiral center, and is also a greener, more economic and production friendly over the reported methods...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Nathalia Saber de Andrade, Ana Maria Félix André, Victor Hugo Perches Ferreira, Lincoln Eduardo Villela Vieira de Castro Ferreira
BACKGROUND: - Conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy is the best method for evaluation of the upper gastrointestinal tract, but it has limitations for the identification of the major duodenal papilla, even after the use of the straightening maneuver. Side-viewing duodenoscope is recommended for optimal examination of major duodenal papilla in patients at high risk for lesions in this region. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the biopsy forceps during conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy as an additional tool to the straightening maneuver, in the evaluation of the major duodenal papilla...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Lilian Vieira Oliveira, Thais Souza Maia, Karla Zancopé, Murilo de Souza Menezes, Carlos José Soares, Camilla Christian Gomes Moura
The presence of residues within the root canal after post-space preparation can influence the bond strength between resin cement and root dentin when using fiberglass posts (FGPs). Currently, there is no consensus in the literature regarding what is the best solution for the removal of debris after post-space preparation. This systematic review involved "in vitro" studies to investigate if cleaning methods of the root canal after post-space preparation can increase the retention of FGPs evaluated by the push-out test...
March 15, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Subhasis Das, Manideepa Sengupta, Arijit Bag, Mumtaj Shah, Ankur Bordoloi
A synergistic approach was made to develop a highly stable and carbon resistant catalyst system based on cobalt and nickel supported over modified mesoporous silica for the dry reforming of methane (DRM). Modified mesoporous silica is prepared by a hydrothermal method, and the total Co & Ni composition is taken at around 5% by using the deposition-precipitation technique. CO2 reforming with methane was performed at 400-800 °C under atmospheric pressure as well as at a pressure of 1 MPa, keeping the CH4/CO2 ratio equal to unity...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Zihan Kan, Luliang Tang, Mei-Po Kwan, Xia Zhang
The energy consumption and emissions from vehicles adversely affect human health and urban sustainability. Analysis of GPS big data collected from vehicles can provide useful insights about the quantity and distribution of such energy consumption and emissions. Previous studies, which estimated fuel consumption/emissions from traffic based on GPS sampled data, have not sufficiently considered vehicle activities and may have led to erroneous estimations. By adopting the analytical construct of the space-time path in time geography, this study proposes methods that more accurately estimate and visualize vehicle energy consumption/emissions based on analysis of vehicles' mobile activities ( MA ) and stationary activities ( SA )...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nafiz Öncü Can, Özgür Devrim Can, Derya Osmaniye, Ümide Demir Özkay
Novel thiadiazole derivatives were synthesized through the reaction of acetylated 2-aminothiadiazole and piperazine derivatives. The chemical structures of the compounds were clarified by Infrared Spectroscopy (IR), ¹H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (¹H-NMR),13 C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (13 C-NMR) and Electronspray Ionisation Mass Spectroscopy (ESI-MS) spectroscopic methods. Antidepressant-like activities were evaluated by the tail-suspension (TST) and modified forced swimming (MFST) methods...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Weijuan Du, Lisha Jin, Liping Li, Wei Wang, Su Zeng, Huidi Jiang, Hui Zhou
The tuber of Corydalis yanhusuo is a famous traditional Chinese medicine and found to have potent pharmacological effects, such as antinociceptive, antitumor, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-depressive activities. Although there are several methods to be developed for the analysis and detection of the bioactive ingredients' alkaloids, so far, only few prominent alkaloids could be quantified, and in vitro and in vivo changes of comprehensive alkaloids after oral administration are still little known...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Luisana Di Cristo, Ciaran Manus Maguire, Karen Mc Quillan, Mattia Aleardi, Yuri Volkov, Dania Movia, Adriele Prina-Mello
Nanoparticles (NP)-based inhalation systems for drug delivery can be administered in liquid form, by nebulization or using pressurized metered dose inhalers, and in solid form by means of dry powder inhalers. However, NP delivery to the lungs has many challenges including the formulation instability due to particle-particle interactions and subsequent aggregation, causing poor deposition in the small distal airways and subsequent alveolar macrophages activity, which could lead to inflammation. This work aims at providing an in vitro experimental design for investigating the correlation between the physico-chemical properties of NP, and their biological behavior, when they are used as NP-based inhalation treatments, comparing two different exposure systems...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Boyang Hu, Hanqing Zhao, Zili Chen, Chen Xu, Jianzhuang Zhao, Wenting Zhao
Triazole pesticides are organic nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds, which contain 1,2,3-triazole ring. In order to develop potential glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase (GlmS) inhibitor fungicides, forty compounds of triazole derivatives were synthesized in an efficient way, thirty nine of them were new compounds. The structures of all the compounds were confirmed by high resolution mass spectrometer (HRMS), ¹H-NMR and13 C-NMR. The fungicidal activities results based on means of mycelium growth rate method indicated that some of the compounds exhibited good fungicidal activities against P...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Dong An, Chengchen Guo, Yanan Chen
Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in air and water sources is a key part of environmental chemistry research, since most PAHs are well known to be associated with negative health impacts on humans. This study explores an approach for analyzing PAH mixtures with advanced nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic techniques including high-resolution one-dimensional (1D) NMR spectroscopy and diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy (DOSY NMR). With this method, different kinds of PAHs can be detected and differentiated from a mixture with high resolution...
March 21, 2018: Materials
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