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interferon regulatory factor 7

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124644/differences-in-innate-immune-response-gene-regulation-in-the-middle-ear-of-children-who-are-otitis-prone-and-in-those-not-otitis-prone
#1
Ravinder Kaur, Janet Casey, Michael Pichichero
OBJECTIVE: Acute otitis media (AOM) causes an inflammatory response in the middle ear. We assessed differences in innate immune responses involved in bacterial defense at onset of AOM in children who were stringently defined as otitis prone (sOP) and children not otitis prone (NOP). STUDY DESIGN: Innate immune genes analysis from middle ear fluid (MEF) samples of children. METHODS: Genes of toll-like receptors (TLR), nod-like and retinoic acid-inducible gene-I-like receptors, downstream effectors important for inflammation and apoptosis, including cytokines and chemokines, were studied from MEF samples by using a real-time polymerase chain reaction array...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092673/irf7-regulates-the-development-of-granulocytic-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-through-s100a9-transrepression-in-cancer
#2
Q Yang, X Li, H Chen, Y Cao, Q Xiao, Y He, J Wei, J Zhou
Accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) is one of the major obstacles against achieving appropriate anti-tumor immune responses and successful tumor immunotherapy. Granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs) are common in tumor-bearing hosts. However, the mechanisms regulating the development of MDSCs, especially G-MDSCs, remain poorly understood. In this report, we showed that interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) plays an important role in the development of G-MDSCs, but not monocytic MDSCs. IRF7 deficiency caused significant elevation of G-MDSCs, and therefore enhanced tumor growth and metastasis in mice...
January 16, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077651/bromodomain-containing-4-brd4-couples-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-rela-with-airway-inflammation-and-the-irf-rig-i-amplification-loop-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#3
Bing Tian, Jun Yang, Yingxin Zhao, Teodora Ivanciuc, Hong Sun, Roberto P Garofalo, Allan R Brasier
: The airway mucosa expresses protective interferon (IFN) and inflammatory cytokines in response to Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection. In this study, we examine the role of bromodomain containing 4 (BRD4) in mediating this innate immune response in human small airway epithelial cells. We observe that RSV induces BRD4 to complex with NFκB/RelA. BRD4 is functionally required for expression of the NFκB-dependent inflammatory gene regulatory network (GRN), including the IFN Response Factor (IRFs)-1 and -7 that mediate a cross-talk pathway for RIG-I upregulation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067461/phagocytosis-and-immune-response-studies-of-macrophage-nanodiamond-interactions-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
K-J Huang, C-Y Lee, Y-C Lin, C-Y Lin, E Perevedentseva, S-F Hung, C-L Cheng
The applications of nanodiamond as drug delivery and bio-imaging can require the relinquishing ND-drug conjugate via blood flow, where interaction with immune cells may occur. In this work, we investigated the ND penetration in macrophage and the immune response using the tissue-resident murine macrophages (RAW 264.7). Confocal fluorescence imaging, immunofluorescence analysis of nuclear translocation of interferon regulatory factor IRF-3 and transcriptional factor NF-κΒ, analysis of pro-inflammatory cytokines production IL-1β, IL-6 IL-10 with a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technique were applied...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049762/the-tyrosine-kinase-src-promotes-phosphorylation-of-the-kinase-tbk1-to-facilitate-type-i-interferon-production-after-viral-infection
#5
Xuelian Li, Mingjin Yang, Zhou Yu, Songqing Tang, Lei Wang, Xuetao Cao, Taoyong Chen
Various pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are activated in response to viral infection to stimulate the production of type I interferons (IFNs). However, central to the responses of all of these receptors is their activation of the kinase TBK1, which stimulates transcription by IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3). We investigated the mechanism by which the kinase activity of TBK1 is stimulated in response to viral infection. We found that the tyrosine kinase Src promoted the phosphorylation of TBK1 on Tyr(179) upon viral infection of RAW264...
January 3, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043628/expression-of-inflammatory-cytokine-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-genes-in-the-small-intestine-and-mesenteric-lymph-node-tissues-of-pauci-and-multibacillary-sheep-naturally-infected-with-mycobacterium-avium-ssp-paratuberculosis
#6
Ganesh G Sonawane, Bhupendra Nath Tripathi
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) is a chronic infectious granulomatous enteritis, primarily affecting ruminants, and caused by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP). The disease is widely prevalent throughout the world with significant economic losses. MAP has also been implicated with human Crohn's disease. There exists a strong correlation between the immune response and development of various types of pathologies in ruminants. The polarization of the immune response, which is critical to clinical outcome of the paratuberculosis infection, is controlled by the differential expression of certain cytokines and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in Johne's disease...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027521/correlation-between-severe-infection-and-breast-cancer-metastases-in-the-eortc-10994-big-1-00-trial-investigating-innate-immunity-as-a-tumour-suppressor-in%C3%A2-breast-cancer
#7
Nathan Touati, Konstantinos Tryfonidis, Franco Caramia, Hervé Bonnefoi, David Cameron, Leen Slaets, Belinda S Parker, Sherene Loi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer cells which express an innate immune signature regulated by interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) have reduced metastatic potential. Infections can induce interferon signalling and may activate an anti-tumour immune response. We investigated whether 'severe infection' can be a clinical surrogate of this phenomenon and/or the presence of high levels of the IRF7 signature at diagnosis before neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is associated with a reduced distant relapse risk, specifically in bones...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018864/mycobacterium-bovis-induces-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-mediated-apoptosis-by-activating-irf3-in-a-murine-macrophage-cell-line
#8
Yongyong Cui, Deming Zhao, Srinand Sreevatsan, Chunfa Liu, Wei Yang, Zhiqi Song, Lifeng Yang, Paul Barrow, Xiangmei Zhou
Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) is highly adapted to macrophages and has developed multiple mechanisms to resist intracellular assaults. However, the host cells in turn deploy a multipronged defense mechanism to control bacterial infection. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis is one such primary defense mechanism. However, the role of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) between ER stress and apoptosis during M. bovis infection is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that M. bovis effectively induced apoptosis in murine macrophages...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017496/toll-like-receptor-3-and-interferon-%C3%AE-mrna-expressions-were-increased-in-peripheral-blood-of-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-good-outcome
#9
Lingna Deng, Jingrui Pan, Qingxia Peng, Zhaofei Dong, Yidong Wang
BACKGROUND: Innate immunity plays an important role in brain ischemic injury, but there are only few studies on the effects of toll-like receptors (TLRs) on cerebral infarction patients up to now. We aimed to evaluate the TLR mRNA expression of patients with different outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-six cases suffering from cerebral infarction within 14 days were assigned into the good outcome group (n = 47) and the bad outcome group (n = 39) depending on the modified Rankin Scale scores (mRS ≤2 at 90 days following stroke onset was good outcome)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930719/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anti-allergic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-ebv-a-newly-developed-derivative-of-bee-venom-through-modulation-of-irf3-signaling-pathway-in-a-carrageenan-induced-edema-model
#10
Hwa-Jin Chung, Jinho Lee, Joon-Shik Shin, Me-Riong Kim, Wonil Koh, Min-Jeong Kim, Jae-Woong Lee, Eun Jee Kim, In-Hee Lee, Won Kyung Kim, Yoon Jae Lee, Sang Kook Lee, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: Bee venom (BV), a type of toxin extracted from honeybees (Apis mellifera), has been empirically and widely used to treat inflammatory diseases throughout Asia. Essential BV (eBV) was developed by removing phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and histamine to lower occurrence of allergic reaction. This study investigated the anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory activities of eBV in vitro and in vivo and its underlying mechanism of action. METHODS: The anti-inflammatory potential of eBV was assessed in vivo using a carrageenan-induced paw edema model...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891130/molecular-mechanisms-that-underlie-the-dynamic-adaptation-of-innate-monocyte-memory-to-varying-stimulant-strength-of-tlr-ligands
#11
Ruoxi Yuan, Shuo Geng, Liwu Li
In adaptation to rising stimulant strength, innate monocytes can be dynamically programed to preferentially express either pro- or anti-inflammatory mediators. Such dynamic innate adaptation or programing may bear profound relevance in host health and disease. However, molecular mechanisms that govern innate adaptation to varying strength of stimulants are not well understood. Using lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the model stimulant of toll-like-receptor 4 (TLR4), we reported that the expressions of pro-inflammatory mediators are preferentially sustained in monocytes adapted by lower doses of LPS, and suppressed/tolerized in monocytes adapted by higher doses of LPS...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822537/a-simple-screening-approach-to-prioritize-genes-for-functional-analysis-identifies-a-role-for-interferon-regulatory-factor-7-in-the-control-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-disease
#12
Jacqueline U McDonald, Myrsini Kaforou, Simon Clare, Christine Hale, Maria Ivanova, Derek Huntley, Marcus Dorner, Victoria J Wright, Michael Levin, Federico Martinon-Torres, Jethro A Herberg, John S Tregoning
Greater understanding of the functions of host gene products in response to infection is required. While many of these genes enable pathogen clearance, some enhance pathogen growth or contribute to disease symptoms. Many studies have profiled transcriptomic and proteomic responses to infection, generating large data sets, but selecting targets for further study is challenging. Here we propose a novel data-mining approach combining multiple heterogeneous data sets to prioritize genes for further study by using respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection as a model pathogen with a significant health care impact...
May 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819673/lmp1-signaling-pathway-activates-irf4-in-latent-ebv-infection-and-a-positive-circuit-between-pi3k-and-src-is-required
#13
L Wang, J Ren, G Li, J P Moorman, Z Q Yao, S Ning
Interferon (IFN) regulatory factors (IRFs) have crucial roles in immune regulation and oncogenesis. We have recently shown that IRF4 is activated through c-Src-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation in virus-transformed cells. However, the intracellular signaling pathway triggering Src activation of IRF4 remains unknown. In this study, we provide evidence that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) promotes IRF4 phosphorylation and markedly stimulates IRF4 transcriptional activity, and that Src mediates LMP1 activation of IRF4...
November 7, 2016: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806407/tangeretin-inhibits-il-12-expression-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-dendritic-cells-and-attenuates-colitis-in-mice
#14
Su-Hyeon Eun, Je-Te Woo, Dong-Hyun Kim
In the preliminary study, tangeretin (5,6,7,8,4'-pentamethoxy flavone), a major constituent of the pericarp of Citrus sp., inhibited TNF-α, IL-12, and IL-23 expression and nuclear factor kappa-B activation in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated dendritic cells; however, it did not affect IL-10 expression. Furthermore, tangeretin (5, 10, and 20 µM) suppressed the activation and translocation of nuclear factor kappa-B (p65) into the nuclei in vitro by inhibiting the binding of lipopolysaccharide on dendritic cells...
November 2, 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803134/gene-expression-profiling-in-blood-and-affected-muscle-tissues-reveals-differential-activation-pathways-in-patients-with-new-onset-juvenile-and-adult-dermatomyositis
#15
Consuelo M López De Padilla, Cynthia S Crowson, Molly S Hein, Richard S Pendegraft, Michael A Strausbauch, Timothy B Niewold, Floranne C Ernste, Erik Peterson, Emily C Baechler, Ann M Reed
OBJECTIVE: To identify shared and differential molecular pathways in blood and affected muscle between adult dermatomyositis (DM) and juvenile DM, and their association with clinical disease activity measures. METHODS: Gene expression of transcription factors and cytokines involved in differentiation and effector function of T cell subsets, regulatory T cells and follicular Th cells, were analyzed in the blood from 21 newly diagnosed adult and 26 juvenile DM subjects and in 15 muscle specimens (7 adult and 8 juvenile DM) using a custom RT2 Profiler PCR Array...
January 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762146/combined-qsar-based-virtual-screening-and-fluorescence-binding-assay-to-identify-natural-product-mediators-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-7-irf-7-in-pulmonary-infection
#16
Y Liu, L Huang, H Ye, X Lv
Interferon regulatory factor-7 (IRF-7) is involved in pulmonary infection and pneumonia. Here, a synthetic strategy that combined quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR)-based virtual screening and in vitro binding assay was described to identify new and potent mediator ligands of IRF-7 from natural products. In the procedure, a QSAR scoring function was developed and validated using Gaussian process (GP) regression and a structure-based set of protein-ligand affinity data. By integrating hotspot pocket prediction, pharmacokinetics profile analysis and molecular docking calculations, the scoring function was successfully applied to virtual screening against a large library of structurally diverse, drug-like natural products...
November 2016: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748405/disabled-2-is-a-negative-immune-regulator-of-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-toll-like-receptor-4-internalization-and-signaling
#17
Wei-Shan Hung, Pin Ling, Ju-Chien Cheng, Shy-Shin Chang, Ching-Ping Tseng
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a pivotal role in the host response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a major cell wall component of Gram-negative bacteria. Here, we elucidated whether the endocytic adaptor protein Disabled-2 (Dab2), which is abundantly expressed in macrophages, plays a role in LPS-stimulated TLR4 signaling and trafficking. Molecular analysis and transcriptome profiling of RAW264.7 macrophage-like cells expressing short-hairpin RNA of Dab2 revealed that Dab2 regulated the TLR4/TRIF pathway upon LPS stimulation...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746698/in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-korean-red-ginseng-derived-components
#18
Kwang-Soo Baek, Young-Su Yi, Young-Jin Son, Sulgi Yoo, Nak Yoon Sung, Yong Kim, Sungyoul Hong, Adithan Aravinthan, Jong-Hoon Kim, Jae Youl Cho
BACKGROUND: Although Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) has been traditionally used for a long time, its anti-inflammatory role and underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms have been poorly understood. In this study, the anti-inflammatory roles of KRG-derived components, namely, water extract (KRG-WE), saponin fraction (KRG-SF), and nonsaponin fraction (KRG-NSF), were investigated. METHODS: To check saponin levels in the test fractions, KRG-WE, KRG-NSF, and KRG-SF were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography...
October 2016: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733217/overexpression-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-7-irf7-reduces-bone-metastasis-of-prostate-cancer-cells-in-mice
#19
Yang Zhao, Wenxia Chen, Weiliang Zhu, Hui Meng, Jie Chen, Jian Zhang
The purpose of this study was to identify the role of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) in the bone metastasis of prostate cancer. Herein, we demonstrated the lower expression of IRF7 in bone metastases of prostate cancer. Overexpression of IRF7 in prostate cancer cells had a marked effect on inhibiting bone metastases but not on tumor growth in xenograft nude mice. While in vitro, up-regulation of IRF7 had little effect on the malignant phenotype of prostate cancer cells including proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion...
October 11, 2016: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708647/cherry-valley-ducks-mitochondrial-antiviral-signaling-protein-mediated-signaling-pathway-and-antiviral-activity-research
#20
Ning Li, Tianqi Hong, Rong Li, Yao Wang, Mengjiao Guo, Zongxi Cao, Yumei Cai, Sidang Liu, Tongjie Chai, Liangmeng Wei
Mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS), an adaptor protein of retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs)-mediated signal pathway, is involved in innate immunity. In this study, Cherry Valley duck MAVS (duMAVS) was cloned from the spleen and analyzed. duMAVS was determined to have a caspase activation and recruitment domain at N-terminal, followed by a proline-rich domain and a transmembrane domain at C-terminal. Quantitative real-time PCR indicated that duMAVS was expressed in all tissues tested across a broad expression spectrum...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
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