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interferon regulatory factor 7

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316737/the-effect-of-lipopolysaccharide-on-noxa-expression-is-mediated-through-irf-1-3-and-7
#1
Sujan Piya, Tae-Hyoung Kim
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria, elicits the secretion of cytokines, such as interferons, that stimulate the host defense system. Previously, we demonstrated that interferons induce interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) 1, 3, and 7 that regulate transcription of Noxa and alter expression profiles of Bcl-2 family proteins in tumors. However, the immediate consequences of LPS stimulation on Noxa and BH3 expression in tumor cells remain uncharacterized. Here, we determined that LPS induced Noxa expression in CT26 cells...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246809/adaptive-evolution-of-interferon-regulatory-factors-is-not-correlated-with-body-scale-reduction-or-loss-in-schizothoracine-fish
#2
Delin Qi, Yan Chao, Jian Liang, Qiang Gao, Rongrong Wu, Ian Mather, Yongli Zhao, Qichang Chen
Body scales in teleost fish are the first line of defense in protecting the fish from invading pathogens. However, the relationship between the adaptive evolution of immune-related genes and changes in the body scale-covering of fish has not been previously studied. Schizothoracine fish, characterized by progressive reduction of body scales from the primitive to the highly specialized species, are a good group to investigate this relationship. We obtained 11 IRF genes (IRF1-11) from 14 of schizothoracine fish representing primitive, specialized, and highly specialized species, of which seven IRF genes (IRF2, IRF3, IRF5, IRF6, IRF7, IRF8 and IRF9) contained the complete CDS...
December 12, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234324/long-non-coding-rnas-emerging-and-versatile-regulators-in-host-virus-interactions
#3
REVIEW
Xing-Yu Meng, Yuzi Luo, Muhammad Naveed Anwar, Yuan Sun, Yao Gao, Huawei Zhang, Muhammad Munir, Hua-Ji Qiu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of non-protein-coding RNA molecules, which are involved in various biological processes, including chromatin modification, cell differentiation, pre-mRNA transcription and splicing, protein translation, etc. During the last decade, increasing evidence has suggested the involvement of lncRNAs in both immune and antiviral responses as positive or negative regulators. The immunity-associated lncRNAs modulate diverse and multilayered immune checkpoints, including activation or repression of innate immune signaling components, such as interleukin (IL)-8, IL-10, retinoic acid inducible gene I, toll-like receptors 1, 3, and 8, and interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 7, transcriptional regulation of various IFN-stimulated genes, and initiation of the cell apoptosis pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208498/identification-and-functional-characterization-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-7-involved-in-activation-jak-stat-pathway-in-miiuy-croaker
#4
Yuena Sun, Qiong Yang, Xueyan Zhao, Xuezhu Liu, Tianjun Xu
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family is a transcription factor family which plays an important role in the regulation of natural immunity and immune cell differentiation. IRF7 is important to regulate the response of type I interferon (IFN) to viral infection. Thus, more researches of the characteristic and functions of IRF7 should be done to get better understanding of the mechanisms underlying immune reactions. Here, the characterization of full-length cDNA of IRF7 was reported from miiuy croaker. Gene characterization analysis of mmiIRF7 showed conservative with other fish and inferred that the difference of tryptophan residues in IRF7 may occurred in the period of fish-specific genome duplication (FSGD) or earlier...
December 2, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192094/over-production-of-growth-differentiation-factor-15-gdf15-promotes-human-rhinovirus-infection-and-virus-induced-inflammation-in-the-lung
#5
Qun Wu, Di Jiang, Niccolette R Schaefer, Laura Harmacek, Brian P O'Connor, Thomas Eling, Oliver Eickelberg, Hong Wei Chu
Human rhinovirus (HRV) is the most common virus contributing to acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) nearly year-round, but the mechanisms have not been well elucidated. Recent clinical studies suggest that high levels of growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) protein in the blood are associated with an increased yearly rate of all-cause COPD exacerbations. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated whether GDF15 promotes HRV infection and virus-induced lung inflammation...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190292/tnf-%C3%AE-blockade-suppresses-pericystic-inflammation-following-anthelmintic-treatment-in-porcine-neurocysticercosis
#6
Siddhartha Mahanty, Miguel A Orrego, Carla Cangalaya, M Paz Adrianzen, Gianfranco Arroyo, Juan Calcina, Armando E Gonzalez, Héctor H García, Cristina Guerra-Giraldez, Theodore E Nash
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of the brain with the larval cyst of the tapeworm, Taenia solium. Cysticidal treatment induces parasite killing resulting in a post inflammatory response and seizures, which generally requires corticosteroid treatment to control inflammation. The nature of this response and how to best control it is unclear. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of pretreatment with etanercept (ETN), an anti-tumor necrosis factor agent, or dexamethasone (DEX), a high potency corticosteroid, on the post treatment inflammatory response in naturally infected pigs with neurocysticercosis after a single dose of the cysticidal drug praziquantel (PZQ)...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143896/modulation-of-stimulator-of-interferon-genes-sting-expression-by-interferon-%C3%AE-in-human-keratinocytes
#7
Yohei Nishikawa, Yasushi Matsuzaki, Kazuyuki Kimura, Akiko Rokunohe, Hajime Nakano, Daisuke Sawamura
Infection of microbial pathogen triggers the innate immune system, and the induction of interferons (IFNs) play a vital role in host antiviral response. Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) was identified as a crucial regulator of the DNA sensing pathway, and activates both nuclear factor-κB and interferon regulatory factor 3 transcription pathways to evoke IFNs production. In this study, we studied the upregulation of STING mRNA expression, induced by IFN-γ in human keratinocytes (HaCaT). STING promoter assays clarified that a gamma-activated sequence (GAS), located at - 7 to - 15-bp, is required for IFN-γ-upregulated promoter activity...
November 16, 2017: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136005/a-17-molecule-set-as-a-predictor-of-complete-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-in-esophageal-cancer
#8
Hajime Fujishima, Shoichi Fumoto, Tomotaka Shibata, Kohei Nishiki, Yoshiyuki Tsukamoto, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Masatsugu Moriyama, Norio Shiraishi, Masafumi Inomata
BACKGROUND: Recently, neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel/cisplatin/5-fluorouracil (NAC-DCF) was identified as a novel strong regimen with a high rate of pathological complete response (pCR) in advanced esophageal cancer in Japan. Predicting pCR will contribute to the therapeutic strategy and the prevention of surgical invasion. However, a predictor of pCR after NAC-DCF has not yet been developed. The aim of this study was to identify a novel predictor of pCR in locally advanced esophageal cancer treated with NAC-DCF...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135372/first-study-on-interferon-regulatory-factor-in-sturgeon-expression-pattern-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-in-dabry-s-sturgeon-acipenser-dabryanus
#9
Youshen Li, Shuhuan Zhang, Kai Luo, Lihai Xia, Wei Hu, Guangming Tian, Zhitao Qi, Qiaoqing Xu, Qiwei Wei
Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) are crucial regulators in initiating the host innate immune response against pathogen invasions. Dabry's sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) is particularly a valuable fish species found in the Yangtze River, China for which there is scarce immunological data. In the present study, we investigated the expression profile of sturgeon IRF genes. All adIRFs were composed of 8 exons and 7 introns, except adIRF1, which possessed 9 exons interrupted by 8 introns. Moreover, the predicted protein sequence has a DNA-binding domain (DBD) sharing high identity with spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus)...
November 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132684/interactions-between-lactobacilli-and-chicken-macrophages-induce-antiviral-responses-against-avian-influenza-virus
#10
Bahram Shojadoost, Raveendra R Kulkarni, Jennifer T Brisbin, Wanderley Quinteiro-Filho, Tamiru N Alkie, Shayan Sharif
Macrophages are an important cell type of the innate immune system that upon activation, can exert antiviral functions and also can induce virus-specific adaptive immune responses. Macrophage interaction with certain probiotic bacteria such as lactobacilli can enhance antiviral functions of these cells. We have previously shown that administration of lactobacilli to chickens can effectively augment immune response to vaccine antigens. Here, we investigated the effects of representative strains of three Lactobacillus species, L...
October 31, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117564/an-irf-3-irf-5-and-irf-7-independent-pathway-of-dengue-viral-resistance-utilizes-irf-1-to-stimulate-type-i-and-ii-interferon-responses
#11
Aaron F Carlin, Emily M Plummer, Edward A Vizcarra, Nicholas Sheets, Yunichel Joo, William Tang, Jeremy Day, Jay Greenbaum, Christopher K Glass, Michael S Diamond, Sujan Shresta
Interferon-regulatory factors (IRFs) are a family of transcription factors (TFs) that translate viral recognition into antiviral responses, including type I interferon (IFN) production. Dengue virus (DENV) and other clinically important flaviviruses are suppressed by type I IFN. While mice lacking the type I IFN receptor (Ifnar1(-/-)) succumb to DENV infection, we found that mice deficient in three transcription factors controlling type I IFN production (Irf3(-/-)Irf5(-/-)Irf7(-/-) triple knockout [TKO]) survive DENV challenge...
November 7, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112686/interferon-regulatory-factor-1-priming-of-tumour-derived-exosomes-enhances-the-antitumour-immune-response
#12
Mu-Qing Yang, Qiang Du, Patrick R Varley, Julie Goswami, Zhihai Liang, Ronghua Wang, Hui Li, Donna B Stolz, David A Geller
BACKGROUND: Tumour-derived exosomes (TEXs) have a potential for application in cancer vaccines. Whether TEXs after induction by interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) are capable of enhancing the antitumour response remains to be determined. METHODS: Exosomes released by tumour cells infected with IRF-1-expressing adenovirus (IRF-1-Exo) or treated with interferon-γ (IFN-Exo) were isolated via ultracentrifugation. The IRF-1 target proteins IL-15Rα and MHC class I (MHC-I) were analysed by western blot...
November 7, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096690/tlr2-stimulation-impairs-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-m2-like-macrophages-generating-a-chimeric-m1-m2-phenotype
#13
Lilian Quero, Edveena Hanser, Tobias Manigold, André N Tiaden, Diego Kyburz
BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and macrophages play an important role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Currently, it is not clear whether inflammatory M1 or anti-inflammatory M2 predominate among the resident macrophages in the synovium. In the present study, we set out to investigate the impact of TLR stimulation on monocyte-derived M1 and M2 macrophage function and phenotype by mimicking the exposure to abundant TLR agonists as occurs in the context of RA. The response of macrophage subsets to TLR2 and TLR4 activation was evaluated on cluster of differentiation (CD) marker profile; cytokine secretion; gene expression; and NF-κB, interferon regulatory factors 3 and 7 (IRF3/7), and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation...
November 2, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071117/variants-of-genes-implicated-in-type-1-interferon-pathway-and-b-cell-activation-modulate-the-eular-response-to-rituximab-at-24-weeks-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Pierre-Antoine Juge, Steven Gazal, Arnaud Constantin, Xavier Mariette, Bernard Combe, Jacques Tebib, Maxime Dougados, Jean Sibilia, Xavier Le Loet, Philippe Dieudé
BACKGROUND: The type 1 interferon (IFN) pathway has been identified to potentially affect the response to rituximab (RTX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which suggests the contribution of type 1 IFN pathway genes such as IFN regulatory factor 5 and 7 (IRF5 and IRF7), tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) and osteopontin (SPP1). Our objective was to study functional variants of these IFN pathway genes as predictors of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response to RTX for RA at week 24 (W24)...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054828/cloning-and-expression-study-of-an-irf4a-gene-and-its-two-transcript-variants-in-turbot-scophthalmus-maximus
#15
Song Li, Guobin Hu, Zhipeng Chen, Lianfei Song, Guanjie Wang, Dahai Liu, Qiuming Liu
Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is known to be involved in antiviral response as well as regulation of functional and developmental processes in lymphomyeloid cell lineages in mammals. In this study, the gene of IRF4a and its two transcript variants (named IRF4a1 and -2) were cloned from turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, the tissue distributions and in vivo immune responsive expression patterns of the two transcripts were subsequently examined. The Scophthalmus maximus (Sm)IRF4a gene is 8367 nucleotide (nt) in length, consisting of eight exons and seven introns...
October 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043842/the-protective-and-immunomodulatory-effects-of-fucoidan-against-7-12-dimethyl-benz-a-anthracene-induced-experimental-mammary-carcinogenesis-through-the-pd1-pdl1-signaling-pathway-in-rats
#16
Meilan Xue, Hui Liang, Qingjuan Tang, Chuanxing Xue, Xinjia He, Li Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Zhengyan Liang, Kang Bian, Lichen Zhang, Zhuxin Li
Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide that is extracted from brown algae seaweed. This study was designed to evaluate the protective and immunomodulatory effects of dietary fucoidan on 7,12-dimethyl benz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced experimental mammary carcinogenesis in rats. Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four equal groups: the control group (control group), the cancer model group (model group), and the F1 and F2 groups, which were fed fucoidan at concentrations of 200 and 400 mg/kg·body weight, respectively...
October 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032405/agaricus-blazei-murill-polysaccharides-protect-against-cadmium-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-damage-in-chicken-spleens
#17
Wanqiu Xie, Ai Lv, Ruyue Li, Zequn Tang, Dexing Ma, Xiaodan Huang, Ruili Zhang, Ming Ge
Agaricus blazei Murill polysaccharide (ABP) has exhibited antioxidant and immunoregulatory activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ABP on cadmium (Cd)-induced antioxidant functions and inflammatory damage in chicken spleens. In this study, groups of 7-day-old chickens were fed with normal saline (0.2 mL single/day), CdCl2 (140 mg/kg/day), ABP (30 mg/mL, 0.2 mL single/day), and Cd + ABP (140 mg/kg/day + 0.2 mL ABP). Spleens were separated on the 20th, 40th, and 60th day for each group...
October 14, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987803/long-acting-%C3%AE-2-adrenoreceptor-agonists-suppress-type-1-interferon-expression-in-human-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-via-epigenetic-regulation
#18
Chang-Hung Kuo, San-Nan Yang, Yi-Giien Tsai, Chong-Chao Hsieh, Wei-Ting Liao, Li-Chen Chen, Min-Sheng Lee, Hsuan-Fu Kuo, Ching-Hsiung Lin, Chih-Hsing Hung
The combination of inhaled long-acting β2-adrenoreceptor (LABA) and inhaled glucocorticoid (ICS) is a major therapy for asthma. However, the increased risk of infection is still a concern. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are the predominant cells producing type 1 interferon (IFN) against infection. The effect of LABA/ICS on type 1 IFN expression in human pDCs is unknown. Circulating pDCs were isolated from healthy human subjects and were pretreated with glucocorticoid (GCS), LABA or a cAMP analog, and were stimulated with Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonist CpG (TLR9) or imiquimod (TLR7) in the presence of IL-3...
October 4, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952189/irf7-gene-expression-profile-and-methylation-of-its-promoter-region-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#19
Ramazan Rezaei, Mahdi Mahmoudi, Farhad Gharibdoost, Hoda Kavosi, Navid Dashti, Vahideh Imeni, Ahmadreza Jamshidi, Saeed Aslani, Shayan Mostafaei, Mohammad Vodjgani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate if methylation status of CpG sites of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) promoter in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is involved in pathogenesis of the disease. METHODS: PBMCs were isolated from whole blood of 50 SSc patients and 30 controls. After the extraction of total RNA and DNA contents from PBMCs, complementary DNA (cDNA) was synthesized. Afterwards, quantitative analysis of IRF7 messenger RNA (mRNA) was conducted by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905935/age-related-differences-in-interferon-regulatory-factor-4-and-5-signaling-in-ischemic-brains-of-mice
#20
Shou-Cai Zhao, Chun Wang, Heng Xu, Wen-Qian Wu, Zhao-Hu Chu, Ling-Song Ma, Ying-Dong Zhang, Fudong Liu
Stroke is a disease that mainly affects the elderly. Since the age-related differences in stroke have not been well studied, modeling stroke in aged animals is clinically more relevant. The inflammatory responses to stroke are a fundamental pathological procedure, in which microglial activation plays an important role. Interferon regulatory factor-5 (IRF5) and IRF4 regulate M1 and M2 activation of macrophages, respectively, in peripheral inflammation; but it is unknown whether IRF5/IRF4 are also involved in cerebral inflammatory responses to stroke and whether age-related differences of the IRF5/IRF4 signaling exist in ischemic brain...
November 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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