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interferon regulator factor 7

Meysam Nasiri, Mohammad-Hossein Karimi, Negar Azarpira, Iraj Saadat
OBJECTIVES: Toll-like receptors and downstream signal transduction pathways play pivotal roles in induction of inflammation, which is crucial for liver injury and regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a mouse model of partial hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury followed by a 28-day time course for liver repair and regeneration, we assessed gene expression levels for Toll-like receptors, myeloid differentiation primary response 88, TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β, nuclear factor κB, interferon regulatory factors, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukins 1β and 6 at days 1, 4, 7, 14, and 28 after reperfusion in liver and blood cells by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
M Nasiri, B Geramizadeh, S H Nabavizadeh, S A Male-Hosseini, M H Karimi, I Saadat
Background: Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) can play a critical role in the regulation of many facets of innate and adaptive immune responses through transcriptional activation of type I interferons, other proinflammatory cytokines, and chemokines. However, their roles in transplantation immunity still remain to be elucidated. Objective: To evaluate the time course of mRNA expression of all 9 members of IRFs family of transcription factors during liver allograft acute rejection...
2018: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
Dulshara Sachini Amarasekara, Hyeongseok Yun, Sumi Kim, Nari Lee, Hyunjong Kim, Jaerang Rho
Cytokines play a pivotal role in maintaining bone homeostasis. Osteoclasts (OCs), the sole bone resorbing cells, are regulated by numerous cytokines. Macrophage colony-stimulating factor and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand play a central role in OC differentiation, which is also termed osteoclastogenesis. Osteoclastogenic cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-1, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-11, IL-15, IL-17, IL-23, and IL-34, promote OC differentiation, whereas anti-osteoclastogenic cytokines, including interferon (IFN)-α, IFN-β, IFN-γ, IL-3, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, IL-27, and IL-33, downregulate OC differentiation...
February 2018: Immune Network
Fang Chen, Yinghao Yin, Zhifeng Yan, Ke Cao, Kuangbiao Zhong
Nucleus accumbens-associated protein 1 (NAC1), a transcriptional co-regulator, is overexpressed in advanced prostate cancer. However, the NAC1-regulated transcriptome has not been completely explored. In the present study, the functional silencing of NAC1 blocked the migration of prostate cancer cells and suppress osteoclastogenesis. The present study also determined that NAC1 was overexpressed in the highly aggressive prostate cancer cell lines PC-3, DU-145 and LNCaP. NAC1 small interfering RNA treatment of DU-145 cells decreased cell migration, but interestingly had no significant effects on cell proliferation...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Nimitha R Mathew, Francis Baumgartner, Lukas Braun, David O'Sullivan, Simone Thomas, Miguel Waterhouse, Tony A Müller, Kathrin Hanke, Sanaz Taromi, Petya Apostolova, Anna L Illert, Wolfgang Melchinger, Sandra Duquesne, Annette Schmitt-Graeff, Lena Osswald, Kai-Li Yan, Arnim Weber, Sonia Tugues, Sabine Spath, Dietmar Pfeifer, Marie Follo, Rainer Claus, Michael Lübbert, Christoph Rummelt, Hartmut Bertz, Ralph Wäsch, Johanna Haag, Andrea Schmidts, Michael Schultheiss, Dominik Bettinger, Robert Thimme, Evelyn Ullrich, Yakup Tanriver, Giang Lam Vuong, Renate Arnold, Philipp Hemmati, Dominik Wolf, Markus Ditschkowski, Cordula Jilg, Konrad Wilhelm, Christian Leiber, Sabine Gerull, Jörg Halter, Claudia Lengerke, Thomas Pabst, Thomas Schroeder, Guido Kobbe, Wolf Rösler, Soroush Doostkam, Stephan Meckel, Kathleen Stabla, Stephan K Metzelder, Sebastian Halbach, Tilman Brummer, Zehan Hu, Joern Dengjel, Björn Hackanson, Christoph Schmid, Udo Holtick, Christof Scheid, Alexandros Spyridonidis, Friedrich Stölzel, Rainer Ordemann, Lutz P Müller, Flore Sicre-de-Fontbrune, Gabriele Ihorst, Jürgen Kuball, Jan E Ehlert, Daniel Feger, Eva-Maria Wagner, Jean-Yves Cahn, Jacqueline Schnell, Florian Kuchenbauer, Donald Bunjes, Ronjon Chakraverty, Simon Richardson, Saar Gill, Nicolaus Kröger, Francis Ayuk, Luca Vago, Fabio Ciceri, Antonia M Müller, Takeshi Kondo, Takanori Teshima, Susan Klaeger, Bernhard Kuster, Dennis Dong Hwan Kim, Daniel Weisdorf, Walter van der Velden, Daniela Dörfel, Wolfgang Bethge, Inken Hilgendorf, Andreas Hochhaus, Geoffroy Andrieux, Melanie Börries, Hauke Busch, John Magenau, Pavan Reddy, Myriam Labopin, Joseph H Antin, Andrea S Henden, Geoffrey R Hill, Glen A Kennedy, Merav Bar, Anita Sarma, Donal McLornan, Ghulam Mufti, Betul Oran, Katayoun Rezvani, Omid Sha, Robert S Negrin, Arnon Nagler, Marco Prinz, Andreas Burchert, Andreas Neubauer, Dietrich Beelen, Andreas Mackensen, Nikolas von Bubnoff, Wolfgang Herr, Burkhard Becher, Gerard Socié, Michael A Caligiuri, Eliana Ruggiero, Chiara Bonini, Georg Häcker, Justus Duyster, Jürgen Finke, Erika Pearce, Bruce R Blazar, Robert Zeiser
Individuals with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) harboring an internal tandem duplication (ITD) in the gene encoding Fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) who relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) have a 1-year survival rate below 20%. We observed that sorafenib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, increased IL-15 production by FLT3-ITD+ leukemia cells. This synergized with the allogeneic CD8+ T cell response, leading to long-term survival in six mouse models of FLT3-ITD+ AML...
February 12, 2018: Nature Medicine
Qi Fang, Shuang Yao, Guanghua Luo, Xiaoying Zhang
While tamoxifen (TAM) is used for treating estrogen receptor (ER)a-positive breast cancer patients, its anti-breast cancer mechanisms are not completely elucidated. This study aimed to examine effects of 4-hydroxyltamoxifen (4-OH-TAM) on ER-positive (ER+) breast cancer MCF-7 cell growth and gene expression profiles. MCF-7 cell growth was inhibited by 4-OH-TAM dose-dependently with IC50 of 29 μM. 332 genes were up-regulated while 320 genes were down-regulated. The mRNA levels of up-regulated genes including STAT1, STAT2, EIF2AK2, TGM2, DDX58, PARP9, SASH1, RBL2 and USP18 as well as down-regulated genes including CCDN1, S100A9, S100A8, ANXA1 and PGR were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Ana Paula C Cantuária, Tarsila M Figueiredo, Mirna S Freire, Stella M F Lima, Jeeser A Almeida, Octávio L Franco, Taia M B Rezende
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder that results in the impairment of the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. It can give rise to various complications, mainly caused by chronic exposure of cells to high glucose concentrations, including changes in the immune response processes. The aim of this study was to verify the chemokine and cytokines production profile in the presence of different glucose concentrations and infection/inflammatory stimuli. To this end, cell viability and the production of chemokines, cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) were analyzed in RAW 264...
February 1, 2018: Cytokine
Zhang Yongyu, Yang Lewei, Liu Jian, Sun Yuqin
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of non-coding RNAs with ~22nt in length that played important roles in the tumor initiation and progression processes. The aberrant expression status of miR-18a has been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the biological role and the underlying mechanism of miR-18a in HCC progression still to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the expression level of miR-18a in HCC cell lines using quantitative real-time PCR method. We showed that miR-18a expression in human HCC cell lines was elevated compared with in normal liver cell line...
January 31, 2018: Oncology Research
Kellen K Andrilenas, Vijendra Ramlall, Jesse Kurland, Brandon Leung, Allen G Harbaugh, Trevor Siggers
Transcription factors IRF3, IRF5 and IRF7 (IRF3/5/7) have overlapping, yet distinct, roles in the mammalian response to pathogens. To examine the role that DNA-binding specificity plays in delineating IRF3/5/7-specific gene regulation we used protein-binding microarrays (PBMs) to characterize the DNA binding of IRF3/5/7 homodimers. We identified both common and dimer-specific DNA binding sites, and show that DNA-binding differences can translate into dimer-specific gene regulation. Central to the antiviral response, IRF3/5/7 regulate type I interferon (IFN) genes...
January 18, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Sujan Piya, Tae-Hyoung Kim
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria, elicits the secretion of cytokines, such as interferons, that stimulate the host defense system. Previously, we demonstrated that interferons induce interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) 1, 3, and 7 that regulate transcription of Noxa and alter expression profiles of Bcl-2 family proteins in tumors. However, the immediate consequences of LPS stimulation on Noxa and BH3 expression in tumor cells remain uncharacterized. Here, we determined that LPS induced Noxa expression in CT26 cells...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Audrey Lesage-Padilla, Niamh Forde, Mélanie Poirée, Gareth D Healey, Corinne Giraud-Delville, Pierrette Reinaud, Caroline Eozenou, Anaïs Vitorino Carvalho, Laurent Galio, Mariam Raliou, Jean-François Oudin, Christophe Richard, I Martin Sheldon, Gilles Charpigny, Pat Lonergan, Olivier Sandra
Intensive selection for milk production has led to reduced reproductive efficiency in high-producing dairy cattle. The impact of intensive milk production on oocyte quality as well as early embryo development has been established but few analyses have addressed this question at the initiation of implantation, a critical milestone ensuring a successful pregnancy and normal post-natal development. Our study aimed to determine if contrasted maternal metabolism affects the previously described sensory properties of the endometrium to the conceptus in cattle...
2017: PloS One
Huanrong Hou, Yi Kang, Yanli Zeng, Yukui Li, Jia Shang
Interleukin (IL)-7 is a potent proliferation, activation, and survival cytokine for CD8+ T cells to improve viral and tumor specific CD8+ T cell responses. However, the role of IL-7 in regulation of dysfunctional hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CD8+ T cells was not fully elucidated. Thus, a total of 53 patients with chronic hepatitis C and 24 healthy individuals were enrolled in the current study. Serum IL-7 and its receptor α chain CD127 expression was measured. The modulatory function of IL-7 to CD8+ T cells was investigated in both direct and indirect contact co-culture with HCVcc-infected Huh7...
February 2018: Cytokine
Xing-Yu Meng, Yuzi Luo, Muhammad Naveed Anwar, Yuan Sun, Yao Gao, Huawei Zhang, Muhammad Munir, Hua-Ji Qiu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of non-protein-coding RNA molecules, which are involved in various biological processes, including chromatin modification, cell differentiation, pre-mRNA transcription and splicing, protein translation, etc. During the last decade, increasing evidence has suggested the involvement of lncRNAs in both immune and antiviral responses as positive or negative regulators. The immunity-associated lncRNAs modulate diverse and multilayered immune checkpoints, including activation or repression of innate immune signaling components, such as interleukin (IL)-8, IL-10, retinoic acid inducible gene I, toll-like receptors 1, 3, and 8, and interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 7, transcriptional regulation of various IFN-stimulated genes, and initiation of the cell apoptosis pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Christopher D Pascoe, Ma'en Obeidat, Bryna A Arsenault, Yunlong Nie, Stephanie Warner, Dorota Stefanowicz, Samuel J Wadsworth, Jeremy A Hirota, S Jasemine Yang, Delbert R Dorscheid, Chris Carlsten, Tillie L Hackett, Chun Y Seow, Peter D Paré
BACKGROUND: Gene expression changes in the structural cells of the airways are thought to play a role in the development of asthma and airway hyperresponsiveness. This includes changes to smooth muscle contractile machinery and epithelial barrier integrity genes. We used a targeted gene expression arrays to identify changes in the expression and co-expression of genes important in asthma pathology. METHODS: RNA was isolated from the airways of donor lungs from 12 patients with asthma (8 fatal) and 12 non-asthmatics controls and analyzed using a multiplexed, hypothesis-directed platform to detect differences in gene expression...
December 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Yuena Sun, Qiong Yang, Xueyan Zhao, Xuezhu Liu, Tianjun Xu
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family is a transcription factor family which plays an important role in the regulation of natural immunity and immune cell differentiation. IRF7 is important to regulate the response of type I interferon (IFN) to viral infection. Thus, more researches of the characteristic and functions of IRF7 should be done to get better understanding of the mechanisms underlying immune reactions. Here, the characterization of full-length cDNA of IRF7 was reported from miiuy croaker. Gene characterization analysis of mmiIRF7 showed conservative with other fish and inferred that the difference of tryptophan residues in IRF7 may occurred in the period of fish-specific genome duplication (FSGD) or earlier...
February 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Qun Wu, Di Jiang, Niccolette R Schaefer, Laura Harmacek, Brian P O'Connor, Thomas Eling, Oliver Eickelberg, Hong Wei Chu
Human rhinovirus (HRV) is the most common virus contributing to acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) nearly year-round, but the mechanisms have not been well elucidated. Recent clinical studies suggest that high levels of growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) protein in the blood are associated with an increased yearly rate of all-cause COPD exacerbations. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated whether GDF15 promotes HRV infection and virus-induced lung inflammation...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Siddhartha Mahanty, Miguel A Orrego, Carla Cangalaya, M Paz Adrianzen, Gianfranco Arroyo, Juan Calcina, Armando E Gonzalez, Héctor H García, Cristina Guerra-Giraldez, Theodore E Nash
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of the brain with the larval cyst of the tapeworm, Taenia solium. Cysticidal treatment induces parasite killing resulting in a post inflammatory response and seizures, which generally requires corticosteroid treatment to control inflammation. The nature of this response and how to best control it is unclear. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of pretreatment with etanercept (ETN), an anti-tumor necrosis factor agent, or dexamethasone (DEX), a high potency corticosteroid, on the post treatment inflammatory response in naturally infected pigs with neurocysticercosis after a single dose of the cysticidal drug praziquantel (PZQ)...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Gunhyuk Park, Seung Hoon Lee, Ji-Ye Han, Dal-Seok Oh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aconitum carmichaelii (AC) is a common herbal medicine used as anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent in Eastern Asia. In Korea, a commercial processed AC (Aconibal®) is traditionally used to treat the symptoms of spondylosis deformans and rheumatic pain. AIM OF STUDY: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is systemic and autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. Methotrexate (MTX) is often the first-line therapy for RA. If MTX monotherapy is ineffective or RA is initially severe, adding a tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor to the treatment can be beneficial...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mohammad Taghi Palizgir, Maryam Akhtari, Mahdi Mahmoudi, Shayan Mostafaei, Alireza Rezaeimanesh, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Farhad Shahram
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, connecting environmental stimulators with the immune system. M1 macrophages are a part of immune system that contribute to the inflammatory events in the pathogenesis of Behcet's disease (BD). The effect of AHR on the macrophages in BD patients is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the mRNA expression of AHR in the monocyte-derived and M1 macrophages in active BD patients in comparison to healthy controls. Isolated monocytes from 10 healthy controls and 10 active BD patients were differentiated to macrophages by macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) for 7 days...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Yohei Nishikawa, Yasushi Matsuzaki, Kazuyuki Kimura, Akiko Rokunohe, Hajime Nakano, Daisuke Sawamura
Infection of microbial pathogen triggers the innate immune system, and the induction of interferons (IFNs) play a vital role in host antiviral response. Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) was identified as a crucial regulator of the DNA sensing pathway, and activates both nuclear factor-κB and interferon regulatory factor 3 transcription pathways to evoke IFNs production. In this study, we studied the upregulation of STING mRNA expression, induced by IFN-γ in human keratinocytes (HaCaT). STING promoter assays clarified that a gamma-activated sequence (GAS), located at - 7 to - 15-bp, is required for IFN-γ-upregulated promoter activity...
November 16, 2017: Biochemical Genetics
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