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nursing assessments

Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Sara Bermejo de Las Heras, Licia De la Calle de la Rosa, Javier Arias Díaz, Manuel Giner, Antonio Luis Blesa Malpica
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is particularly prevalent among intensive care unit (ICU) patients, being associated with poor clinical results. Enteral nutrition (EN) offers multiple benefits on critically ill patients and its monitoring was established by the Spanish Society of Critical Care (SEMICYUC) as a clinical quality indicator (CQI; EN patients correctly monitorized / all EN patients, as %). However, no results have been published on its regulated monitoring. OBJECTIVES: Assessing CQI's compliance, identifying difficulties and possibilities for its use...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Hung-Ju Chen, Yu-Ting Deng, Yu-Lin Chang, Yi-Chen Kuo, Yu-Li Lin
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: Acute stroke patients should receive a rehabilitation assessment within 24-48 hours of hospitalization. Initial ambulation is known to reduce the occurrence of complications, improve the ability to perform activities of daily living, and reduce the risk of long-term disability. PURPOSE: To raise the initial ambulation willingness of acute stroke patients and to increase the willingness of these patients to receive rehabilitation treatment as soon as possible in order to reduce the long-term physical damage of the stroke incident...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Yao-Hui Huang, Yao-Yu Lin, Shih-Kai Lee, Ming-Feng Lee, Ching-Lan Esther Lin
BACKGROUND: The ideology of recovery addresses the autonomy of patients with mental illness and their ability to reconstruct a normal life. Empirical knowledge of this process of recovery and related factors remains unclear. PURPOSE: To assess the process of recovery and related factors in patients with mental illness. METHODS: This cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted on a convenience sample in a psychiatric hospital. Two-hundred and fifty patients with mental illness were recruited and were assessed using 3 instruments: Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery (QPR), Perceived Psychiatric Stigma Scale (PPSS), and Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP)...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
I Gnass, S Krutter, N Nestler
BACKGROUND: People with cancer are increasingly supported by home care services. Pain is a relevant symptom of these diseases and nurses of home care services are involved in the treatment. The German National Expert Standard "Pain management in nursing" includes evidence-based recommendations for the implementation of adequate pain management. Considering the given structural conditions of home care services, nurses describe both barriers and challenges with the implementation...
March 21, 2018: Der Schmerz
Dheeraj Khetan, Rahul Katharia, Hem Chandra Pandey, Rajendra Chaudhary, Rajesh Harsvardhan, Hemchandra Pandey, Atul Sonkar
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion chain can be divided into three phases: preanalytical (patient bedside), analytical (steps done at transfusion services), and postanalytical (bedside). Majority (~70%) of events due to blood transfusion have been attributed to errors in bedside blood administration practices. Survey of bedside transfusion practices (pre-analytical and post analytical phase) was done to assess awareness and compliance to guidelines regarding requisition and administration of blood components...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Ananya Doda, Gita Negi, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Meena Harsh
INTRODUCTION: Health-care professionals are trained health-care providers who occupy a potential vanguard position in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention programs and the management of AIDS patients. This study was performed to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and perceptions among health-care professionals at a tertiary health-care institution in Uttarakhand, India, and to identify the target group where more education on HIV is needed...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Frederic Ehrler, Thomas Weinhold, Jonathan Joe, Christian Lovis, Katherine Blondon
BACKGROUND: The introduction of clinical information systems has increased the amount of clinical documentation. Although this documentation generally improves patient safety, it has become a time-consuming task for nurses, which limits their time with the patient. On the basis of a user-centered methodology, we have developed a mobile app named BEDSide Mobility to support nurses in their daily workflow and to facilitate documentation at the bedside. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the usability of the BEDSide Mobility app in terms of the navigation and interaction design through usability testing...
March 21, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fiedler, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones
The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional expertise in psychology, equitation science, veterinary science, education, welfare, equestrian coaching, advocacy, and community engagement; n = 16) met over a four-day period to define and assess these interventions, using an adaptation of the domain-based assessment model...
March 18, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Lorinda Lindemulder, Sarah Gouwens, Kathryn Stefo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nursing
Reneeka Persaud, Patricia M Coutts, Alisa Brandon, Luvneet Verma, James A Elliott, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about the Healthy Foot Screen, a new tool for assessment of common foot abnormalities. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:1...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Fatemeh Ebrahimpour, Akram Sadat Sadat Hoseini
PURPOSE: Children with cancer are faced with many challenges related to their disease that disturbs their comfort. The aim of this study was to apply Kolcaba's comfort theory for a child with cancer. DESIGN: A case study design was used. METHODS: We applied Kolcaba's comfort theory for a young boy with cancer who was sad and in discomfort because of intravenous access procedures. Following Kolcaba's taxonomy of needs for comfort in the spiritual and mental level, we designed a new intervention...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
Joan Webster, Sarah Northfield, Emily N Larsen, Nicole Marsh, Claire M Rickard, Raymond J Chan
INTRODUCTION: Many patients are discharged from hospital with a peripherally inserted central catheter in place. Monitoring the peripherally inserted central catheter insertion site for clinical and research purposes is important for identifying complications, but the extent to which patients can reliably report the condition of their catheter insertion site is uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the inter-observer agreement between nurses and patients when assessing a peripherally inserted central catheter site...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Chelsea Balian, Michelle Garcia, Jessica Ward
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Indwelling central venous catheters (CVCs) increase risk for BSIs, yet mucosal barrier injury-associated laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (MBI-LCBI) may also occur due to translocation of pathogenic organisms from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between stool organisms and BSIs in children with CVCs who underwent HSCT...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
Jamal Seidi, Fatemeh Alhani, Farasat Ardalan
Background: Clinical judgment of nurses to conduct medication orders is based on patient assessment, medication knowledge, observation, and interpretation of the data collected. This process is influenced by many factors. Objective: This study aims to explore nurses' experience about facilitating factors in medication administration based on clinical judgment of nurses. Methods: This qualitative study was part of an approved project research of the Iranian National Institute of Health Research, which was conducted in Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in 2015...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Jennifer L Reed, Christie A Cole, Madeleine C Ziss, Heather E Tulloch, Jennifer Brunet, Heather Sherrard, Robert D Reid, Andrew L Pipe
A disconcerting proportion of Canadian nurses are physically inactive and report poor cardiovascular health. Web-based interventions incorporating feedback and group features may represent opportune, convenient, and cost-effective methods for encouraging physical activity (PA) in order to improve the levels of PA and cardiovascular health of nurses. The purpose of this parallel-group randomized trial was to examine the impact of an intervention providing participants with feedback from an activity monitor coupled with a web-based individual, friend or team PA challenge, on the PA and cardiovascular health of nurses working in a cardiovascular setting...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Anara Zhumadilova, Brett J Craig, Martin Bobak
Background: Health services in Kazakhstan have undergone radical reforms since its independence in 1991, but levels of dissatisfaction among patients remain high. We investigated whether healthcare providers and patients at one hospital in Astana, Kazakhstan, believe the doctor-patient interaction should be doctor-centered vs patient-centered. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the responses to various surveys of 200 patients (response rate, 74%) and 201 healthcare providers (response rate, 86%) in a general hospital in Astana, Kazakhstan...
2018: Ochsner Journal
Rajiv Dhand, Donald A Mahler, Brian Carlin, Nicola Hanania, Jill Ohar, Victor Pinto-Plata, Tina Shah, David Eubanks, Sidney S Braman
BACKGROUND: Successful inhalation therapy depends on the ability of patients with COPD to properly use devices. We explored subjects' COPD knowledge, including education they receive from health care providers, treatment experiences, and practices with inhalation devices. METHODS: A multiple-choice online survey, developed by a steering committee of American Thoracic Society clinicians and scientists, was administered to subjects with COPD who were sourced from the Harris Poll Online panel...
March 20, 2018: Respiratory Care
Michael Swain, Steven J Kamper, Christopher G Maher, Carolyn Broderick, Damien McKay, Nicholas Henschke
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between physical growth and development, as determined by markers of biological maturation, and musculoskeletal conditions in adolescents. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) were searched up to 6 September 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies that evaluated the association between biological maturation or growth and musculoskeletal conditions in adolescents (chronological age 10-19 years)...
March 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Lauren E Ferrante, Margaret A Pisani, Terrence E Murphy, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Linda S Leo-Summers, Thomas M Gill
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a strong indicator of vulnerability among older persons, but its association with ICU outcomes has not been evaluated prospectively (i.e., with objective measurements obtained prior to ICU admission). Our objective was to prospectively evaluate the relationship between frailty and post-ICU disability, incident nursing home (NH) admission, and death. METHODS: The parent cohort included 754 adults aged ≥70, who were evaluated monthly for disability in 13 functional activities and every 18 months for frailty (1998-2014)...
March 17, 2018: Chest
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