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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103398/cognitive-behavioral-and-psycho-social-factors-associated-with-successful-and-maintained-quit-smoking-status-among-patients-who-received-smoking-cessation-intervention-with-nurses-counseling
#1
Chie Taniguchi, Hideo Tanaka, Hideo Saka, Isao Oze, Kazunobu Tachibana, Yasuhiro Nozaki, Yukio Suzuki, Hisataka Sakakibara
AIM: To identify cognitive, behavioral and psycho-social factors associated with successful and maintained quit smoking status after patients received smoking cessation intervention with nurses' counseling. BACKGROUND: Although nurses' intervention for smoking cessation is effective for patients, few studies have been conducted to identify cognitive, behavioral and psycho-social factors associated with the success of quitting smoking. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study METHODS: In a multi-institutional study between October 2008 - October 2014, we administered the Japanese smoking cessation therapy, which consists of smoking cessation intervention five times with nurses' counseling over 12 weeks...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103397/the-economic-burden-of-nurse-sensitive-adverse-events-in-22-medical-surgical-units-retrospective-and-matching-analysis
#2
Eric Tchouaket, Carl-Ardy Dubois, Danielle D'Amour
AIMS: To assess the economic burden of nurse-sensitive adverse events (NSAEs) in 22 acute care units in Quebec by estimating excess hospital-related costs and calculating resulting additional hospital days. BACKGROUND: Recent changes in the worldwide economic and financial contexts have made the cost of patient safety a topical issue. Yet our knowledge about the economic burden of safety of nursing care is quite limited in Canada in general and Quebec in particular...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103389/the-use-of-antioxidants-in-the-treatment-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Whitney Venegoni, Qiuhua Shen, Amanda R Thimmesch, Meredith Bell, John B Hiebert, Janet D Pierce
AIMS: To discuss secondary traumatic brain injury, the mitochondria and the use of antioxidants as a treatment. BACKGROUND: One of the leading causes of death in young adults internationally is traumatic brain injury, affecting individuals in all demographics. Traumatic brain injury is produced by an external blunt force or penetration resulting in alterations in brain function or pathology. Often, with a traumatic brain injury, secondary injury causes additional damage to the brain tissue that can have further impact on recovery and the quality of life...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103161/nurses-practice-in-preventing-postoperative-wound-infections-an-observational-study
#4
S Ding, F Lin, A P Marshall, B M Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are serious postoperative complications that may lead to undesired patient outcomes. Previous research has used survey and chart audit methods to describe wound care practices. However, little research has been published using contemporaneous observations to describe the surgical wound management practices of nurses. The aim of this study was to prospectively describe surgical nurses' postoperative wound care practices and the extent to which observed surgical wound practices aligned with evidence-based guideline recommendations...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102921/perceived-consequences-changeability-and-personal-control-of-coronary-heart-disease-are-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#5
Arun K Sigurdardottir, Kolbrún Sigurlásdóttir, Kjartan Ólafsson, Margrét Hrönn Svavarsdóttir
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore changes in illness perception and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from the time when patients were discharged from hospital and five months later and to investigate association between illness perception and physical and mental HRQOL at five months follow up. BACKGROUND: Illness perception is known to influence patients' motivation to engage in preventive behavior...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102616/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-attitudes-subjective-norms-perceived-behavioural-control-and-intention-to-pursue-a-career-in-mental-health-nursing-scale
#6
Mark Wilbourn, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie Ramjan, Sungwon Chang
The aim of the present study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Attitudes, Subjective Norms, Perceived Behavioural Control, and Intention to Pursue a Career in Mental Health Nursing (ASPIRE) scale, an instrument to assess nursing students' intention to work in mental health nursing. Understanding the factors influencing undergraduate nursing students' career intentions might lead to improved recruitment strategies. However, there are no standardized tools to measure and assess students' intention to pursue a career in mental health nursing...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102544/nursing-perceptions-of-patient-safety-climate-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#7
A Elsous, A Akbari Sari, Y AlJeesh, M Radwan
AIMS: This study was undertaken to assess the perception of nurses about patient safety culture and to test whether it is significantly affected by the nurses' position, age, experience and working hours. BACKGROUND: Patient safety has sparked the interest of healthcare mangers, yet there is limited knowledge about the current patient safety culture among nurses in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, administering the Arabic Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006) to 210 nurses in four public general hospitals...
January 19, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102534/evacuation-performance-evaluation-tool
#8
Sharon Farra, Elaine T Miller, Matthew Gneuhs, Nathan Timm, Gengxin Li, Ashley Simon, Whittney Brady
OBJECTIVE: Hospitals conduct evacuation exercises to improve performance during emergency events. An essential aspect in this process is the creation of reliable and valid evaluation tools. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implications of a disaster evacuation performance tool that measures one portion of the very complex process of evacuation. DESIGN: Through the application of the Delphi technique and DeVellis's framework, disaster and neonatal experts provided input in developing this performance evaluation tool...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102097/familiar-auditory-sensory-training-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study
#9
Emily Galassi Sullivan, Ann Guernon, Brett Blabas, Amy A Herrold, Theresa L-B Pape
PURPOSE: The evaluation and treatment for patients with prolonged periods of seriously impaired consciousness following traumatic brain injury (TBI), such as a vegetative or minimally conscious state, poses considerable challenges, particularly in the chronic phases of recovery. METHOD: This blinded crossover study explored the effects of familiar auditory sensory training (FAST) compared with a sham stimulation in a patient seven years post severe TBI. Baseline data were collected over 4 weeks to account for variability in status with neurobehavioral measures, including the Disorders of Consciousness scale (DOCS), Coma Near Coma scale (CNC), and Consciousness Screening Algorithm...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101983/working-to-define-professionalism-in-pediatric-anesthesiology-a-qualitative-study-of-domains-of-the-expert-pediatric-anesthesiologist-as-valued-by-interdisciplinary-stakeholders
#10
Justin L Lockman, Alan Jay Schwartz, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND: Unprofessional behavior is a significant problem throughout graduate medical education programs and medical centers. Some authors have suggested that professionalism curricula should be focused toward faculty, not trainees, to interrupt the modeling of unprofessionalism. Developing such curricula requires a needs assessment and is challenging given data indicating that the definition of professionalism varies based on medical specialty. Thus, a specialty-specific definition of professionalism is needed as a first step in any curriculum development...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101319/the-nursing-assessment-of-medication-acceptance-the-reliability-and-validity-of-a-schizophrenia-medication-adherence-scale
#11
Hikaru Hori, Nobuhisa Ueda, Hideki Shiozuka, Ryohei Igata, Tazuko Miki, Kiyokazu Atake, Yuji Takeuchi, Hiroaki Shirozu, Naotoshi Ohara, Yuki Konishi, Hiroshi Nagai, Noriaki Sakurai, Takanori Kubota, Reiji Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: Many patients with schizophrenia have low medication adherence. There is, however, no objective assessment scale that can be used by nurses or caregiver specialists. The Nursing Assessment of Medication Acceptance (NAMA) was developed to assess patients' medication adherence. The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the NAMA in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 121 Japanese patients with schizophrenia were enrolled...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100958/routine-dyspnea-assessment-and-documentation-nurses-experience-yields-wide-acceptance
#12
Kathy M Baker, Susan DeSanto-Madeya, Robert B Banzett
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea (breathing discomfort) is a common and distressing symptom. Routine assessment and documentation can improve management and relieve suffering. A major barrier to routine dyspnea documentation is the concern that it will have a deleterious effect on nursing workflow and that it will not be readily accepted by nurses. Nurses at our institution recently began to assess and document dyspnea on all medical-surgical patients upon admission and once per shift throughout their hospitalization...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100201/developing-a-practice-guideline-for-the-occupational-health-services-by-using-a-community-of-practice-approach-a-process-evaluation-of-the-development-process
#13
Lydia Kwak, Charlotte Wåhlin, Kjerstin Stigmar, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: One way to facilitate the translation of research into the occupational health service practice is through clinical practice guidelines. To increase the implementability of guidelines it is important to include the end-users in the development, for example by a community of practice approach. This paper describes the development of an occupational health practice guideline aimed at the management of non-specific low back pain (LBP) by using a community of practice approach...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099689/effectiveness-and-safety-of-procalcitonin-evaluation-for-reducing-mortality-in-adults-with-sepsis-severe-sepsis-or-septic-shock
#14
REVIEW
Brenda Ng Andriolo, Regis B Andriolo, Reinaldo Salomão, Álvaro N Atallah
BACKGROUND: Serum procalcitonin (PCT) evaluation has been proposed for early diagnosis and accurate staging and to guide decisions regarding patients with sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock, with possible reduction in mortality. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of serum PCT evaluation for reducing mortality and duration of antimicrobial therapy in adults with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2015, Issue 7); MEDLINE (1950 to July 2015); Embase (Ovid SP, 1980 to July 2015); Latin American Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS via BIREME, 1982 to July 2015); and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; EBSCO host, 1982 to July 2015), and trial registers (ISRCTN registry, ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099678/using-the-teach-back-method-in-patient-education-to-improve-patient-satisfaction
#15
Andrea M Centrella-Nigro, Catherine Alexander
BACKGROUND: This quasi-experimental research study used two similar nursing units to test the effects of teach back on Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores. METHOD: A pretest-posttest design tested 24 nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about teach back. Education specialists provided a 1-hour teaching session on teach back to all nurses in the intervention unit. RESULTS: A significant improvement in knowledge scores in the pretest-posttest was found using paired t tests (p = ...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099675/a-newly-licensed-nurse-orientation-program-evaluation-focus-on-outcomes
#16
Nancy Phoenix Bittner, Gayle Gravlin, Claire MacDonald, Darlene Bourgeois
The aim of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness and outcomes of a redesigned newly licensed nurse orientation program. A unique aspect of this program was an end-of-orientation simulated four-patient assignment that was designed to assess five categories of critical thinking: prioritization and delegation, problem recognition, clinical decision making, clinical implementation, and reflection. Newly licensed nurses' critical thinking was measured by the Advisory Board's Critical Thinking Diagnostic tool at 10 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099635/currently-used-dosage-regimens-of-vancomycin-fail-to-achieve-therapeutic-levels-in-approximately-40-of-intensive-care-unit-patients
#17
Vitor Yuzo Obara, Carolina Petrus Zacas, Claudia Maria Dantas de Maio Carrilho, Vinicius Daher Alvares Delfino
Objective: This study aimed to assess whether currently used dosages of vancomycin for treatment of serious gram-positive bacterial infections in intensive care unit patients provided initial therapeutic vancomycin trough levels and to examine possible factors associated with the presence of adequate initial vancomycin trough levels in these patients. Methods: A prospective descriptive study with convenience sampling was performed. Nursing note and medical record data were collected from September 2013 to July 2014 for patients who met inclusion criteria...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099378/acs-level-i-trauma-centers-outcomes-do-not-correlate-with-patients-perception-of-hospital-experience
#18
Bellal Joseph, Asad Azim, Terence O'Keeffe, Kareem Ibraheem, Narong Kulvatunyou, Andrew Tang, Gary Vercruysse, Randall Friese, Rifat Latifi, Peter Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey is a data collection methodology for measuring a patient's perception of his/her hospital experience, and it has been selected by the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) as the validated and transparent national survey tool with publicly available results. Since 2012, hospital reimbursements rates have been linked to HCAHPS data based on patient satisfaction scores. The aim of this study was, therefore, to assess whether HCAHPS scores of Level-1 trauma centers correlate with actual hospital performance...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099192/aerobic-exercise-training-in-very-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Mara Paneroni, Carla Simonelli, Michele Vitacca, Nicolino Ambrosino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training in patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases using the following as search terms: COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Exercise, and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of subjects with forced expiratory volume in the first second of less than 35% of the predicted normal value enrolled in in-patient, outpatient, or home- or community-based training programs lasting at least 4 weeks with respect to usual care...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098571/operating-room-anesthesia-subspecialization-is-not-associated-with-significantly-greater-quality-of-supervision-of-anesthesia-residents-and-nurse-anesthetists
#20
Franklin Dexter, Johannes Ledolter, Richard H Epstein, Bradley J Hindman
BACKGROUND: Supervision of anesthesia residents and nurse anesthetists is a major responsibility of faculty anesthesiologists. The quality of their supervision can be assessed quantitatively by the anesthesia residents and nurse anesthetists. Supervision scores are an independent measure of the contribution of the anesthesiologist to patient care. We evaluated the association between quality of supervision and level of specialization of anesthesiologists. METHODS: We used two 6-month periods, one with no feedback to anesthesiologists of the residents' and nurse anesthetists' evaluations, and the other with feedback...
November 2, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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