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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548651/foetal-haemoglobin-blood-transfusion-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-very-preterm-infants-a-pilot-prospective-cohort-study
#1
C J Stutchfield, A Jain, D Odd, C Williams, R Markham
PurposeTo identify if there is an association between foetal haemoglobin (HbF) concentration and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very preterm infants.Patients and methodsProspective cohort study. Infants born <32 weeks' gestational age or <1501 g in two tertiary neonatal units between January 2012 and May 2013 (n=42) were enrolled. HbF and adult haemoglobin (HbA) concentrations were measured using high-pressure liquid chromatography from blood samples sent as part of routine neonatal care once routinely requested laboratory tests had been performed...
May 26, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545834/the-relationship-of-the-subtypes-of-preterm-birth-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#2
Anne M Lynch, Brandie D Wagner, Jennifer K Hodges, Tamara S Thevarajah, Emily A Mccourt, Ashlee M Cerda, Naresh Mandava, Ronald S Gibbs, Alan G Palestine
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an adverse outcome of preterm birth (PTB) and is a leading cause of childhood blindness. The relationship between the subtypes of PTB with ROP is understudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if there is a difference in the incidence of type 1 or type 2 ROP in infants with PTB resulting from spontaneous preterm labor (SPTL), a medical indication (MIPTB), or preterm-premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of 827 infants screened for ROP who delivered at a single tertiary care center in Colorado...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545652/using-quality-improvement-to-increase-human-milk-use-for-preterm-infants
#3
Margaret G Parker, Aloka L Patel
This review will provide an overview of quality improvement methods that have been used to improve human milk use (mother's own milk and donor milk) for very low-birth-weight infants in the hospital setting in the last decade. We will review the following: (1) evidence-based practices known to increase mother's own milk for very low-birth-weight infants; (2) individual hospitals with exemplary lactation programs and past and current US-based statewide quality improvement collaboratives focused on increasing mother's own milk; and (3) existing quality metrics for human milk and gaps in metrics...
May 23, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545638/a-new-risk-factor-for-early-heart-failure-preterm-birth
#4
EDITORIAL
Paul Leeson, Adam J Lewandowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545637/preterm-birth-and-risk-of-heart-failure-up%C3%A2-to-early-adulthood
#5
Hanna Carr, Sven Cnattingius, Fredrik Granath, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy
BACKGROUND: In small clinical studies, preterm birth was associated with altered cardiac structure and increased cardiovascular mortality in the young. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the association between preterm birth and risk of incident heart failure (HF) in children and young adults. METHODS: This register-based cohort study included 2,665,542 individuals born in Sweden from 1987 to 2012 who were followed up from 1 year of age to December 31, 2013...
May 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545256/a-review-of-the-effects-of-chronic-arsenic-exposure-on-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Abul H Milton, Sumaira Hussain, Shahnaz Akter, Mijanur Rahman, Tafzila A Mouly, Kane Mitchell
Exposure to arsenic has a number of known detrimental health effects but impact on pregnancy outcomes is not as widely recognized. This narrative review examines existing epidemiological evidence investigating the association between arsenic exposure via drinking water and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We reviewed published epidemiological studies from around the world on impact of chronic arsenic exposure on spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, post neonatal death, low birth weight and preterm baby...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544321/assessment-of-mode-of-delivery-and-predictors-of-emergency-caesarean-section-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-a-matched-pair-setting-with-women-from-the-general-population-in-denmark-2002-2014
#7
M Ørbaek, K Thorsteinsson, M Helleberg, E Moseholm, T L Katzenstein, M Storgaard, I S Johansen, G Pedersen, N Weis, A-M Lebech
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess mode of delivery and predictors of emergency caesarean section (EmCS) in women living with HIV (WLWH) in a matched-pair setting with women from the general population (WGP) in Denmark. Further, we analysed birth plan in WLWH. METHODS: All WLWH giving birth to live-born children from 2002 to 2014 were included in the study. Data were retrieved from medical records and national registries. WLWH were matched 1:5 by age, birth year, parity and ethnicity to WGP...
May 24, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543445/psoriasis-in-those-planning-a-family-pregnant-or-breast-feeding-the-australasian-psoriasis-collaboration
#8
REVIEW
Marius Rademaker, Karen Agnew, Megan Andrews, Katherine Armour, Chris Baker, Peter Foley, John Frew, Kurt Gebauer, Monisha Gupta, Debra Kennedy, Gillian Marshman, John Sullivan
The Australasian Psoriasis Collaboration has reviewed the evidence for managing moderate to severe psoriasis in those who are pregnant or are breast-feeding, or planning a family. The severity of the psoriasis, associated comorbidities and specific anti-psoriasis treatment, along with other exposures, can have a deleterious effect on pregnancy outcomes. Psoriasis itself increases the risk of preterm and low birthweight babies, along with spontaneous and induced abortions, but no specific birth defects have been otherwise demonstrated...
May 23, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543169/gestational-weight-gain-in-the-first-two-pregnancies-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-the-second-pregnancy
#9
Maya Tabet, Lorie M Harper, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Weight Gain (GWG) below or above the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, it remains unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes is affected by GWG in a previous pregnancy. We examined associations between GWG in the index (second) pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery and small for gestational age (SGA), while taking into consideration GWG in the first pregnancy. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study (n = 210 564), using the Missouri maternally-linked birth registry (1989-2005), we used multivariable Poisson regression with robust error variance stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) to evaluate associations between GWG in the index pregnancy and a composite indicator of GWG in the first and second pregnancies and our outcomes of interest, after controlling for sociodemographic and pregnancy-related confounders...
May 24, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542791/pregnancy-outcomes-among-syrian-refugee-and-jordanian-women-a-comparative-study
#10
K Alnuaimi, M Kassab, R Ali, K Mohammad, K Shattnawi
AIM: To compare pregnancy outcomes of Syrian refugee women and Jordanian women. BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: In the past few years, thousands of Syrians fled Syria to neighbouring countries such as Jordan as a result of the continuing conflict in their country. Pregnant refugee women are facing many difficulties that increase the prevalence of antenatal complications. However, there is limited awareness of whether Syrian refugee women have different risks of pregnancy outcomes than Jordanian women...
May 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#11
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#12
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539867/prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-its-association-with-systemic-diseases-and-prevention
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
Periodontal diseases are prevalent both in developed and developing countries and affect about 20-50% of global population. High prevalence of periodontal disease in adolescents, adults, and older individuals makes it a public health concern. Several risk factors such as smoking, poor oral hygiene, diabetes, medication, age, hereditary, and stress are related to periodontal diseases. Robust evidence shows the association of periodontal diseases with systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and adverse pregnancy outcomes...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538235/what-should-we-do-about-low-blood-pressure-in-preterm-infants
#14
Eugene M Dempsey
The management of preterm infants with low blood pressure soon after birth remains unresolved. The definition of what constitutes low blood pressure is uncertain. At birth, mean blood pressure appears to be gestation specific and increases in the first few days of life. Antenatal steroids, delayed cord clamping, and the avoidance of mechanical ventilation are all associated with higher mean blood pressure and less hypotension after birth. Rates of hypotension of 15-50% have been reported in various studies of extremely preterm infants...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538233/enewborn-the-information-technology-revolution-and-challenges-for-neonatal-networks
#15
Dominique Haumont, Cuong NguyenBa, Neena Modi
Among preterm infants, 1-2% are born before 32 weeks of gestation or have a birth weight below 1,500 g. They contribute disproportionately to the burden of mortality and morbidity related to preterm birth, whether in the neonatal period or later in life. They are the target population studied in neonatal networks. Improving neonatal care and later outcome is a major issue in public health. Neonatologists, health care providers, public authorities, parents and families, industry, and all organizations dedicated to infant health must bring their efforts together and dedicate their actions in order to do so...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537511/vitamin-a-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants-an-update
#16
Emily Schwartz, Rena Zelig, Anna Parker, Stephani Johnson
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common complication of premature birth and is associated with significant morbidity. Vitamin A supplementation has been suggested as a potential preventative measure against BPD due to its role in lung maturation and because preterm infants are particularly predisposed to vitamin A deficiency. The aim of this review was to determine whether vitamin A supplementation reduces BPD risk among preterm infants. PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were searched with the keywords "bronchopulmonary dysplasia," "vitamin A," and "preterm infants" and with the time frame of 2006-2016, and 4 studies were selected for review per the inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535404/placental-inflammation-and-its-relationship-to-cervicovaginal-fetal-fibronectin-in-preterm-birth
#17
Laura van der Krogt, Alexandra E Ridout, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Late miscarriage and preterm birth are frequently thought to be associated with inflammation and infection, although in most cases the underlying cause of early delivery remains unknown. The placenta is the organ that links mother and fetus during pregnancy, and postnatal examination may provide useful information about pathophysiology. The relationship between placental pathological lesions and predictive markers of early delivery has not been explored. We sought to characterize preterm deliveries according to placental pathology and relate these to the performance of reliable predictive markers, fetal fibronectin and cervical length...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534840/birth-outcomes-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-disaster-a-long-term-retrospective-study
#18
Claire Leppold, Shuhei Nomura, Toyoaki Sawano, Akihiko Ozaki, Masaharu Tsubokura, Sarah Hill, Yukio Kanazawa, Hiroshi Anbe
Changes in population birth outcomes, including increases in low birthweight or preterm births, have been documented after natural and manmade disasters. However, information is limited following the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster. In this study, we assessed whether there were long-term changes in birth outcomes post-disaster, compared to pre-disaster data, and whether residential area and food purchasing patterns, as proxy measurements of evacuation and radiation-related anxiety, were associated with post-disaster birth outcomes...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534220/is-decompressive-surgery-the-only-treatment-option-a-case-series-of-patients-with-spinal-tuberculosis-in-advanced-pregnancy
#19
Ashok K Rathod, Vishwajeet Singh, Prateek Patil, Hemant Singh
PURPOSE: To present cases of spinal tuberculosis in advanced pregnancy treated on anti-tuberculous drug regimen with successful outcome and proposing alternative paradigm to surgical decompression. A case series of five patients in stages of advanced pregnancy with neurologic deterioration and spinal tuberculosis were reported and treated. METHODS: Five patients with backache in advanced stages of pregnancy were reported. Patients were diagnosed as cases of spinal tuberculosis on further imaging studies...
May 22, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534014/primiparous-singleton-women-with-endometriosis-have-an-increased-risk-of-preterm-birth-meta-analyses
#20
Sun-Gyeong Kim, Hui-Gyeong Seo, Yun-Sook Kim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the association between women with endometriosis and risk of preterm birth. METHODS: Two reviewers independently determined all prospective cohort study, retrospective cohort study, large population based cohort study, retrospective secondary analysis, and double blinded, multicentric, observational and cohort study, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial published using PubMed, Medline, Korea Education and Research Information Service, and Scopus from March 1994 through February 2016 without language restrictions comparing obstetric outcomes women with endometriosis and women without endometriosis...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
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