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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074585/a-good-death
#1
Tia Powell, Adira Hulkower
A good death is hard to find. Family members tell us that loved ones die in the wrong place-the hospital-and do not receive high-quality care at the end of life. This issue of the Hastings Center Report offers two articles from authors who strive to provide good end-of-life care and to prevent needless suffering. We agree with their goals, but we have substantial reservations about the approaches they recommend. Respect for the decisions of patients and their surrogates is a relatively new and still vulnerable aspect of medical care...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073737/using-real-time-social-media-technologies-to-monitor-levels-of-perceived-stress-and-emotional-state-in-college-students-a-web-based-questionnaire-study
#2
Sam Liu, Miaoqi Zhu, Dong Jin Yu, Alexander Rasin, Sean D Young
BACKGROUND: College can be stressful for many freshmen as they cope with a variety of stressors. Excess stress can negatively affect both psychological and physical health. Thus, there is a need to find innovative and cost-effective strategies to help identify students experiencing high levels of stress to receive appropriate treatment. Social media use has been rapidly growing, and recent studies have reported that data from these technologies can be used for public health surveillance...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991610/response-to-nursing-care-at-the-time-of-death-a-bathing-and-honoring-practice-%C3%A2
#3
Lauren Reveri
I am a nurse in a bone marrow transplantation unit at the University of Florida Health Shands Hospital in Gainesville. We are a high-risk center in the sense that we care for transplant patients who have been denied at other centers. Our patients are very sick with resistant disease and often with multiple comorbidities as well. These sad facts translate into long, torturous, brave battles that end in death. The nursing staff, patients, and families become very close over many months of fighting together. We witness waves of death of these people we have grown to love...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940751/achieving-high-adolescent-hpv-vaccination-coverage
#4
Anna-Lisa M Farmar, Kathryn Love-Osborne, Katherine Chichester, Kristin Breslin, Kristi Bronkan, Simon J Hambidge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite national recommendations for adolescent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, rates have lagged behind those of other adolescent vaccines. We implemented interventions and examined rates of vaccination coverage in a large, urban, safety net health care system to understand whether our tactics for achieving high rates of adolescent vaccination were successful. METHODS: Denver Health is an integrated urban safety net health system serving >17 000 adolescents annually...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938635/youth-perspectives-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sexual-health-in-northern-canada-and-implications-for-public-health-practice
#5
Gwen Healey
OBJECTIVE: High rates of sexually transmitted infections in the Arctic have been a focus of recent research, and youth are believed to be at greatest risk of infection. Little research has focused on understanding youth perspectives on sexual health. The goal of this study was to collect the perspectives of youth in Nunavut on sexual health and relationships with the intent of informing public health practice. METHOD: This qualitative research study was conducted within an Indigenous knowledge framework with a focus on Inuit ways of knowing...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873067/effectiveness-of-baseline-corticosterone-as-a-monitoring-tool-for-fitness-a-meta-analysis-in-seabirds
#6
Graham H Sorenson, Cody J Dey, Christine L Madliger, Oliver P Love
Many ecosystems have experienced anthropogenically induced changes in biodiversity, yet predicting these patterns has been difficult. Recently, individual behavioural and physiological measures have been proposed as more rapid links between environmental variation and fitness compared to demographics. Glucocorticoid hormones have received much attention given that they mediate energetic demands, metabolism, and foraging behaviour. However, it is currently unclear whether glucocorticoids can reliably predict environmental and fitness-related traits and whether they may be useful in specific groups of taxa...
November 22, 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845574/-we-smoke-the-same-pipe-religion-and-community-home-based-care-for-plwh-in-rural-swaziland
#7
Robin Root, Arnau Van Wyngaard, Alan Whiteside
We draw on a study of a church-run community home-based care organization in Swaziland to explore how individuals living with HIV perceived caregivers' impact on well-being. Our primary concern was to examine how religion, as a heuristic practice of Christian-based caregiving, was felt to be consequential in a direly underserved region. Part of a larger medical anthropological project, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 79 community home-based care clients, of whom half (53%) said they would have died, some from suicide, without its services...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837033/pain-in-dementia-use-of-observational-pain-assessment-tools-by-people-who-are-not-health-professionals
#8
Delaine A Ammaturo, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Jaime Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pain is prevalent among older adults but is often underestimated and undertreated, especially in people with severe dementia who have limited ability to self-report pain. Pain in patients with moderate to severe dementia can be assessed using observational tools. Informal caregivers (relatives of seniors with dementia) are an untapped assessor group who often bear the responsibility of care for their loved ones. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of laypeople to assess pain using observational measures originally developed for use by health care professionals...
November 10, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742764/examining-the-light-and-dark-of-an-online-young-adult-cancer-support-community
#9
Brittani Crook, Brad Love
The young adult (YA) cancer community represents an understudied population in interpersonal and health communication scholarship. Through qualitative analysis, this study sought to advance a dark side perspective by exploring the content of messages shared in an online support forum for YAs with cancer. Our findings highlight a variety of complexities YAs face in an online cancer support community, including the light and dark of soliciting support, disclosing to a community, advocacy online, negative sentiment evaluating health care services, and asynchronous communication...
October 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709396/our-genes-our-selves-hereditary-breast-cancer-and-biological-citizenship-in-norway
#10
Kari Nyheim Solbrække, Håvard Søiland, Kirsten Lode, Birgitta Haga Gripsrud
In this paper we explore the rise of 'the breast cancer gene' as a field of medical, cultural and personal knowledge. We address its significance in the Norwegian public health care system in relation to so-called biological citizenship in this particular national context. One of our main findings is that, despite its claims as a measure for health and disease prevention, gaining access to medical knowledge of BRCA 1/2 breast cancer gene mutations can also produce severe instability in the individuals and families affected...
October 5, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676905/home-services-in-social-speech-language-pathology-for-people-with-aphasia-and-their-family
#11
Claire Croteau
People with aphasia (PWA) and their loved ones claim that one of their biggest needs is to develop efficient means to communicate better "together". Researchers suggest that conversation partner training (CPT), a training for a PWA and a loved one aiming to use communication strategies in conversations, would be most promising regarding this need (e.g. Simmons-Mackie et al., 2010). The purpose of this presentation is to report the development and the home services organisation of the social speech-language pathology part of the "service aux proches d'une personne aphasique" (SAPPA; services to caregivers of a person with aphasia)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609418/willingness-to-use-hospice-care-among-caregivers-of-latino-patients-in-the-united-states-mexico-border-region
#12
Eunjeong Ko, Jaehoon Lee, Carlos Ramirez, Stephanie Martinez, Denicka Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Hospice is an important method of promoting quality end-of-life (EoL) care, yet its utilization is relatively low in underserved populations. The unique characteristics of a border community-such as a lack of healthcare resources and cultural integration-impact EoL decision making. The aim of our study was to assess the willingness to use hospice care services and its predictors among family caregivers of Latino patients in the United States (U.S.)-Mexico border region of Southern California...
September 9, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604049/unveiling-self-harm-behaviour-what-can-social-media-site-twitter-tell-us-about-self-harm-a-qualitative-exploration
#13
Charlotte Hilton
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report the findings from a unique analysis of naturally occurring data regarding self-harm behaviour generated through the global social media site, Twitter. BACKGROUND: Self-harm behaviours are of global concern for health and social care practice. However, little is known about the experiences of those who harm and the attitudes of the general public towards such behaviours. A deeper, richer and more organic understanding of this is vital to informing global approaches to supporting individuals through treatment and recovery...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590428/enhancement-of-innate-immunity-with-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-did-not-mitigate-disease-in-pigs-infected-with-a-highly-pathogenic-chinese-prrsv-strain
#14
Sarah N Schlink, Kelly M Lager, Susan L Brockmeier, Crystal L Loving, Laura C Miller, Ann C Vorwald, Han-Chun Yang, Marcus E Kehrli, Kay S Faaberg
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is responsible for one of the most economically important diseases in swine worldwide. It causes reproductive failure in sows and pneumonia in pigs that predisposes them to secondary bacterial infections. Methods to control PRRSV and/or limit secondary bacterial infections are desired to reduce the impact of this virus on animal health. Neutrophils play a major role in combatting infection; they can act as phagocytes as well as produce and release lytic enzymes that have potent antimicrobial effects leading to the destruction and clearance of bacterial pathogens...
October 15, 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567073/sexual-function-is-correlated-with-body-image-and-partnership-quality-in-female-university-students
#15
Stephanie Wallwiener, Jana Strohmaier, Lisa-Maria Wallwiener, Birgitt Schönfisch, Stephan Zipfel, Sara Y Brucker, Marcella Rietschel, Christian W Wallwiener
INTRODUCTION: According to the World Health Organization definition, sexual health is more than mere physical sexual function; it also encompasses emotional, mental, and social well-being in relation to sexuality and is not merely the absence of dysfunction or disease. In line with this definition, various studies have reported that female sexual function is associated with partnership quality, body image, and body self-acceptance. AIM: To investigate whether female sexual function is influenced by (i) body self-acceptance and (ii) partnership quality, as important factors in psychosocial well-being, and (iii) whether the effects of body self-acceptance are moderated by partnership quality...
October 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543303/-prison-ain-t-free-like-everyone-thinks-financial-stressors-faced-by-incarcerated-women
#16
Holly M Harner, Brian R Wyant, Fernanda Da Silva
Most women in prison are poor and suffer from health problems prior to and during incarceration. Policies that impose inmate medical co-payment fees do not consider gender-specific health needs or other financial stressors faced by women in prison. We examine the financial needs and concerns of incarcerated women through the lens of gender and behavioral economics. We conducted individual interviews with 95 women incarcerated in a medium/maximum security prison in the United States. Women described several common financial stressors during confinement: paying for medical care, "working for pennies," staying in contact with loved ones, and relying on others...
August 18, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542995/user-experiences-of-the-mcmaster-optimal-aging-portal-s-evidence-summaries-and-blog-posts-usability-study
#17
Angela M Barbara, Maureen Dobbins, R Brian Haynes, Alfonso Iorio, John N Lavis, Anthony J Levinson
BACKGROUND: Evidence summaries and blogs can support evidence-informed healthy aging, by presenting high-quality health research evidence in plain language for a nonprofessional (citizen) audience. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to explore citizens' perceptions about the usability of evidence summaries and blog posts on the Web-based McMaster Optimal Aging Portal. METHODS: Twenty-two citizens (aged 50 years and older) and informal caregivers participated in a qualitative study using a think-aloud method and semistructured interviews...
2016: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527254/genome-wide-association-studies-in-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma-and-barrett-s-oesophagus-a-large-scale-meta-analysis
#18
Puya Gharahkhani, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Thomas L Vaughan, Claire Palles, Ines Gockel, Ian Tomlinson, Matthew F Buas, Andrea May, Christian Gerges, Mario Anders, Jessica Becker, Nicole Kreuser, Tania Noder, Marino Venerito, Lothar Veits, Thomas Schmidt, Hendrik Manner, Claudia Schmidt, Timo Hess, Anne C Böhmer, Jakob R Izbicki, Arnulf H Hölscher, Hauke Lang, Dietmar Lorenz, Brigitte Schumacher, Andreas Hackelsberger, Rupert Mayershofer, Oliver Pech, Yogesh Vashist, Katja Ott, Michael Vieth, Josef Weismüller, Markus M Nöthen, Stephen Attwood, Hugh Barr, Laura Chegwidden, John de Caestecker, Rebecca Harrison, Sharon B Love, David MacDonald, Paul Moayyedi, Hans Prenen, R G Peter Watson, Prasad G Iyer, Lesley A Anderson, Leslie Bernstein, Wong-Ho Chow, Laura J Hardie, Jesper Lagergren, Geoffrey Liu, Harvey A Risch, Anna H Wu, Weimin Ye, Nigel C Bird, Nicholas J Shaheen, Marilie D Gammon, Douglas A Corley, Carlos Caldas, Susanne Moebus, Michael Knapp, Wilbert H M Peters, Horst Neuhaus, Thomas Rösch, Christian Ell, Stuart MacGregor, Paul Pharoah, David C Whiteman, Janusz Jankowski, Johannes Schumacher
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal adenocarcinoma represents one of the fastest rising cancers in high-income countries. Barrett's oesophagus is the premalignant precursor of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. However, only a few patients with Barrett's oesophagus develop adenocarcinoma, which complicates clinical management in the absence of valid predictors. Within an international consortium investigating the genetics of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma, we aimed to identify novel genetic risk variants for the development of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma...
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489404/the-role-of-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-functioning-health-and-disability-in-models-of-infant-cochlear-implant-management
#19
REVIEW
Colleen Psarros, Sarah Love
Newborn hearing screening has led to the early diagnosis of hearing loss in neonates and early device fitting is common, based primarily on electrophysiologic and radiologic information, with some supplementary behavioral measures. Such early fitting of hearing devices, in particular cochlear implants (CIs), has been beneficial to the majority of children implanted under the age of 12 months who meet the cochlear implant candidacy criteria. Comorbidities are common in children with hearing loss, although they may not be evident in neonates and may not emerge until later in infants...
August 2016: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481980/book-love-fear-and-health-how-our-attachments-to-others-shape-health-and-health-care-it-s-not-you-it-s-me
#20
Jim Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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