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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474413/alzheimer-s-disease-individuals-dyads-communities-and-costs
#1
Christopher M Callahan
Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) affect over 5 million Americans. Over a typical disease course of 5-10 years, family caregivers provide the majority of the day-to-day hands-on on care for persons with dementia. Most caregivers enter this complex role with little training and inadequate household resources and they are tasked to navigate a fragmented health care system as well as a patchwork of community services. Our nation can and should do more to help family caregivers provide care in the home to their loved ones who suffer from dementia...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440084/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-addictive-behaviors-among-russian-and-spanish-youth
#2
Jennifer Tsai, Jimi Huh, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Jose P Espada, María T Gonzálvez, Steve Sussman
Recently, an addiction matrix measure was assessed among U.S. former alternative high school youth. This presentation seeks to examine the generalizability of findings using this measure among Russian and Spanish high school adolescents. Latent class analysis was used to explore addiction subgroups among adolescents in Russia (average age = 16.27; n = 715) and Spain (average age = 14.9; n = 811). Last 30-day prevalence of one or more of 11 addictions reviewed in the previous work was the primary focus (i...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318356/sexual-violence-against-adolescent-girls-labeling-it-to-avoid-normalization
#3
Giussy Barbara, Federica Collini, Cristina Cattaneo, Federica Facchin, Paolo Vercellini, Laura Chiappa, Alessandra Kustermann
Violence against women is a pervasive complex phenomenon that destroys women's feelings of love, trust, and self-esteem. In this commentary, we specifically focus on sexual violence against adolescent girls, whose impact is particularly harmful since it may lead to impaired mental health, social functioning, and neurodevelopment. Between 12% and 25% of adolescent girls throughout the world experience sexual violence, very often perpetrated by a family member or a friend. Moreover, for an alarming proportion of girls, the first sexual experience is coerced...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286964/factors-impacting-participation-in-sports-for-children-with-limb-absence-a-qualitative-study
#4
Batoul Sayed Ahmed, Marena Lamy, Debra Cameron, Lisa Artero, Sandra Ramdial, Matthew Leineweber, Jan Andrysek
BACKGROUND: Individuals with limb absence benefit from participating in sports. While barriers and facilitators affecting sport participation are well documented for adults, they have not been explored for children with limb absence. PURPOSE: To identify the perceived factors impacting participation in sports according to children with limb absence and their parents. METHODS: This study uses a descriptive qualitative study design. Nineteen participants, consisting of children and their parents, were recruited from an outpatient hospital clinic for semi-structured interviews...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255637/involuntary-processes-knowledge-base-of-health-care-professionals-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-upstate-south-carolina
#5
Sharon M Holder, Calvert Warren, Kenneth Rogers, Benjamin Griffeth, Eunice Peterson, Dawn Blackhurst, Christian Ochonma
The involuntary hospitalization law provides a means by which love ones, caregivers and healthcare professionals can intervene when a mentally ill patient is a danger to self or others. Our study assessed the knowledge of professionals in one of the Greenville Health System (GHS) emergency department (ED) about the involuntary hospitalization process of mental health patients in South Carolina (SC). An eight item survey on the South Carolina involuntary hospitalization and commitment process was developed and distributed to GHS ED staff including: physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers and technicians...
March 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#6
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166586/love-fear-and-health-how-our-attachments-to-others-shape-health-and-health-care
#7
Sarah E Stumbar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156540/family-camp-a-multi-disciplinary-intervention-for-brain-tumor-patients-and-families
#8
Mary Lovely, Abigail Levinson Marks, Amanda K LaMarre, Susan M Chang, Jennifer Clarke, Judy Patt, Emelia Barani
240 Background: The diagnosis of a brain tumor is a catastrophic life changing event that impacts the entire family. Patients and caregivers experience dramatic role changes, concern for their children, financial stress, and isolation. For many, the situation is overwhelming. A novel intervention to address these needs is "Family Camp". Our vision for camp was to provide respite to the entire family, decrease caregiver stress, improve family connections and promote a sense of understanding and connection with the community at large...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#9
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155112/neuroscience-and-psychological-studies-sustain-the-cognitive-benefits-of-print-reading
#10
EDITORIAL
Bernard Perbal
On behalf of the Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling Editorial board it is my great pleasure to present through this message of peace and love our warmest wishes of health, happiness and professional success. We sincerely hope that 2017 will be a peaceful year worldwide and that solutions will be brought to resolve the great tensions that crystalized last year into terrible acts of violence which reflected the inability of the political powers to bring satisfactory solutions to human dispair and fear...
March 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139371/a-comparison-of-outcomes-in-morbidly-obese-obese-and-non-obese-patients-undergoing-primary-total-knee-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#11
Angela H Deakin, Aghimien Iyayi-Igbinovia, Gavin J Love
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing public health issue with the prevalence of morbid obesity, (Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) increasing. There is some evidence these patients have more peri- and post-operative complications and poorer outcomes when undergoing arthroplasty procedures. This audit aimed to determine and compare the outcomes of non-obese, obese and morbidly obese patients undergoing arthroplasty at our institution. METHOD: This was a retrospective audit of patients from our institution who had undergone total knee (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) in 2009...
January 27, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074585/a-good-death
#12
Tia Powell, Adira Hulkower
A good death is hard to find. Family members tell us that loved ones die in the wrong place-the hospital-and do not receive high-quality care at the end of life. This issue of the Hastings Center Report offers two articles from authors who strive to provide good end-of-life care and to prevent needless suffering. We agree with their goals, but we have substantial reservations about the approaches they recommend. Respect for the decisions of patients and their surrogates is a relatively new and still vulnerable aspect of medical care...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073737/using-real-time-social-media-technologies-to-monitor-levels-of-perceived-stress-and-emotional-state-in-college-students-a-web-based-questionnaire-study
#13
Sam Liu, Miaoqi Zhu, Dong Jin Yu, Alexander Rasin, Sean D Young
BACKGROUND: College can be stressful for many freshmen as they cope with a variety of stressors. Excess stress can negatively affect both psychological and physical health. Thus, there is a need to find innovative and cost-effective strategies to help identify students experiencing high levels of stress to receive appropriate treatment. Social media use has been rapidly growing, and recent studies have reported that data from these technologies can be used for public health surveillance...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991610/response-to-nursing-care-at-the-time-of-death-a-bathing-and-honoring-practice-%C3%A2
#14
Lauren Reveri
I am a nurse in a bone marrow transplantation unit at the University of Florida Health Shands Hospital in Gainesville. We are a high-risk center in the sense that we care for transplant patients who have been denied at other centers. Our patients are very sick with resistant disease and often with multiple comorbidities as well. These sad facts translate into long, torturous, brave battles that end in death. The nursing staff, patients, and families become very close over many months of fighting together. We witness waves of death of these people we have grown to love...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940751/achieving-high-adolescent-hpv-vaccination-coverage
#15
Anna-Lisa M Farmar, Kathryn Love-Osborne, Katherine Chichester, Kristin Breslin, Kristi Bronkan, Simon J Hambidge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite national recommendations for adolescent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, rates have lagged behind those of other adolescent vaccines. We implemented interventions and examined rates of vaccination coverage in a large, urban, safety net health care system to understand whether our tactics for achieving high rates of adolescent vaccination were successful. METHODS: Denver Health is an integrated urban safety net health system serving >17 000 adolescents annually...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938635/youth-perspectives-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sexual-health-in-northern-canada-and-implications-for-public-health-practice
#16
Gwen Healey
OBJECTIVE: High rates of sexually transmitted infections in the Arctic have been a focus of recent research, and youth are believed to be at greatest risk of infection. Little research has focused on understanding youth perspectives on sexual health. The goal of this study was to collect the perspectives of youth in Nunavut on sexual health and relationships with the intent of informing public health practice. METHOD: This qualitative research study was conducted within an Indigenous knowledge framework with a focus on Inuit ways of knowing...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873067/effectiveness-of-baseline-corticosterone-as-a-monitoring-tool-for-fitness-a-meta-analysis-in-seabirds
#17
Graham H Sorenson, Cody J Dey, Christine L Madliger, Oliver P Love
Many ecosystems have experienced anthropogenically induced changes in biodiversity, yet predicting these patterns has been difficult. Recently, individual behavioural and physiological measures have been proposed as more rapid links between environmental variation and fitness compared to demographics. Glucocorticoid hormones have received much attention given that they mediate energetic demands, metabolism, and foraging behaviour. However, it is currently unclear whether glucocorticoids can reliably predict environmental and fitness-related traits and whether they may be useful in specific groups of taxa...
February 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845574/-we-smoke-the-same-pipe-religion-and-community-home-based-care-for-plwh-in-rural-swaziland
#18
Robin Root, Arnau Van Wyngaard, Alan Whiteside
We draw on a study of a church-run community home-based care organization in Swaziland to explore how individuals living with HIV perceived caregivers' impact on well-being. Our primary concern was to examine how religion, as a heuristic practice of Christian-based caregiving, was felt to be consequential in a direly underserved region. Part of a larger medical anthropological project, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 79 community home-based care clients, of whom half (53%) said they would have died, some from suicide, without its services...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837033/pain-in-dementia-use-of-observational-pain-assessment-tools-by-people-who-are-not-health-professionals
#19
Delaine A Ammaturo, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Jaime Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pain is prevalent among older adults but is often underestimated and undertreated, especially in people with severe dementia who have limited ability to self-report pain. Pain in patients with moderate to severe dementia can be assessed using observational tools. Informal caregivers (relatives of seniors with dementia) are an untapped assessor group who often bear the responsibility of care for their loved ones. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of laypeople to assess pain using observational measures originally developed for use by health care professionals...
November 10, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742764/examining-the-light-and-dark-of-an-online-young-adult-cancer-support-community
#20
Brittani Crook, Brad Love
The young adult (YA) cancer community represents an understudied population in interpersonal and health communication scholarship. Through qualitative analysis, this study sought to advance a dark side perspective by exploring the content of messages shared in an online support forum for YAs with cancer. Our findings highlight a variety of complexities YAs face in an online cancer support community, including the light and dark of soliciting support, disclosing to a community, advocacy online, negative sentiment evaluating health care services, and asynchronous communication...
October 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
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