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Love our health

Graham H Sorenson, Cody J Dey, Christine L Madliger, Oliver P Love
Many ecosystems have experienced anthropogenically induced changes in biodiversity, yet predicting these patterns has been difficult. Recently, individual behavioural and physiological measures have been proposed as more rapid links between environmental variation and fitness compared to demographics. Glucocorticoid hormones have received much attention given that they mediate energetic demands, metabolism, and foraging behaviour. However, it is currently unclear whether glucocorticoids can reliably predict environmental and fitness-related traits and whether they may be useful in specific groups of taxa...
November 22, 2016: Oecologia
Robin Root, Arnau van Wyngaard, Alan Whiteside
We draw on a study of a church run community home-based care organization in Swaziland to explore how individuals living with HIV perceived caregivers' impact on wellbeing. Our primary concern was to examine how religion, as a heuristic practice of Christian-based caregiving, was felt to be consequential in a direly underserved region. Part of a larger medical anthropological project, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 79 CHBC clients, of whom half (53%) said they would have died, some from suicide, without its services...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
Delaine A Ammaturo, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Jaime Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pain is prevalent among older adults but is often underestimated and undertreated, especially in people with severe dementia who have limited ability to self-report pain. Pain in patients with moderate to severe dementia can be assessed using observational tools. Informal caregivers (relatives of seniors with dementia) are an untapped assessor group who often bear the responsibility of care for their loved ones. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of laypeople to assess pain using observational measures originally developed for use by health care professionals...
November 10, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Brittani Crook, Brad Love
The young adult (YA) cancer community represents an understudied population in interpersonal and health communication scholarship. Through qualitative analysis, this study sought to advance a dark side perspective by exploring the content of messages shared in an online support forum for YAs with cancer. Our findings highlight a variety of complexities YAs face in an online cancer support community, including the light and dark of soliciting support, disclosing to a community, advocacy online, negative sentiment evaluating health care services, and asynchronous communication...
October 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Kari Nyheim Solbrække, Håvard Søiland, Kirsten Lode, Birgitta Haga Gripsrud
In this paper we explore the rise of 'the breast cancer gene' as a field of medical, cultural and personal knowledge. We address its significance in the Norwegian public health care system in relation to so-called biological citizenship in this particular national context. One of our main findings is that, despite its claims as a measure for health and disease prevention, gaining access to medical knowledge of BRCA 1/2 breast cancer gene mutations can also produce severe instability in the individuals and families affected...
October 5, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Claire Croteau
People with aphasia (PWA) and their loved ones claim that one of their biggest needs is to develop efficient means to communicate better "together". Researchers suggest that conversation partner training (CPT), a training for a PWA and a loved one aiming to use communication strategies in conversations, would be most promising regarding this need (e.g. Simmons-Mackie et al., 2010). The purpose of this presentation is to report the development and the home services organisation of the social speech-language pathology part of the "service aux proches d'une personne aphasique" (SAPPA; services to caregivers of a person with aphasia)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Eunjeong Ko, Jaehoon Lee, Carlos Ramirez, Stephanie Martinez, Denicka Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Hospice is an important method of promoting quality end-of-life (EoL) care, yet its utilization is relatively low in underserved populations. The unique characteristics of a border community-such as a lack of healthcare resources and cultural integration-impact EoL decision making. The aim of our study was to assess the willingness to use hospice care services and its predictors among family caregivers of Latino patients in the United States (U.S.)-Mexico border region of Southern California...
September 9, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Charlotte Hilton
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report the findings from a unique analysis of naturally occurring data regarding self-harm behaviour generated through the global social media site, Twitter. BACKGROUND: Self-harm behaviours are of global concern for health and social care practice. However, little is known about the experiences of those who harm and the attitudes of the general public towards such behaviours. A deeper, richer and more organic understanding of this is vital to informing global approaches to supporting individuals through treatment and recovery...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sarah N Schlink, Kelly M Lager, Susan L Brockmeier, Crystal L Loving, Laura C Miller, Ann C Vorwald, Han-Chun Yang, Marcus E Kehrli, Kay S Faaberg
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is responsible for one of the most economically important diseases in swine worldwide. It causes reproductive failure in sows and pneumonia in pigs that predisposes them to secondary bacterial infections. Methods to control PRRSV and/or limit secondary bacterial infections are desired to reduce the impact of this virus on animal health. Neutrophils play a major role in combatting infection; they can act as phagocytes as well as produce and release lytic enzymes that have potent antimicrobial effects leading to the destruction and clearance of bacterial pathogens...
October 15, 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Stephanie Wallwiener, Jana Strohmaier, Lisa-Maria Wallwiener, Birgitt Schönfisch, Stephan Zipfel, Sara Y Brucker, Marcella Rietschel, Christian W Wallwiener
INTRODUCTION: According to the World Health Organization definition, sexual health is more than mere physical sexual function; it also encompasses emotional, mental, and social well-being in relation to sexuality and is not merely the absence of dysfunction or disease. In line with this definition, various studies have reported that female sexual function is associated with partnership quality, body image, and body self-acceptance. AIM: To investigate whether female sexual function is influenced by (i) body self-acceptance and (ii) partnership quality, as important factors in psychosocial well-being, and (iii) whether the effects of body self-acceptance are moderated by partnership quality...
October 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Holly M Harner, Brian R Wyant, Fernanda Da Silva
Most women in prison are poor and suffer from health problems prior to and during incarceration. Policies that impose inmate medical co-payment fees do not consider gender-specific health needs or other financial stressors faced by women in prison. We examine the financial needs and concerns of incarcerated women through the lens of gender and behavioral economics. We conducted individual interviews with 95 women incarcerated in a medium/maximum security prison in the United States. Women described several common financial stressors during confinement: paying for medical care, "working for pennies," staying in contact with loved ones, and relying on others...
August 18, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Angela M Barbara, Maureen Dobbins, R Brian Haynes, Alfonso Iorio, John N Lavis, Anthony J Levinson
BACKGROUND: Evidence summaries and blogs can support evidence-informed healthy aging, by presenting high-quality health research evidence in plain language for a nonprofessional (citizen) audience. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to explore citizens' perceptions about the usability of evidence summaries and blog posts on the Web-based McMaster Optimal Aging Portal. METHODS: Twenty-two citizens (aged 50 years and older) and informal caregivers participated in a qualitative study using a think-aloud method and semistructured interviews...
2016: JMIR Human Factors
Puya Gharahkhani, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Thomas L Vaughan, Claire Palles, Ines Gockel, Ian Tomlinson, Matthew F Buas, Andrea May, Christian Gerges, Mario Anders, Jessica Becker, Nicole Kreuser, Tania Noder, Marino Venerito, Lothar Veits, Thomas Schmidt, Hendrik Manner, Claudia Schmidt, Timo Hess, Anne C Böhmer, Jakob R Izbicki, Arnulf H Hölscher, Hauke Lang, Dietmar Lorenz, Brigitte Schumacher, Andreas Hackelsberger, Rupert Mayershofer, Oliver Pech, Yogesh Vashist, Katja Ott, Michael Vieth, Josef Weismüller, Markus M Nöthen, Stephen Attwood, Hugh Barr, Laura Chegwidden, John de Caestecker, Rebecca Harrison, Sharon B Love, David MacDonald, Paul Moayyedi, Hans Prenen, R G Peter Watson, Prasad G Iyer, Lesley A Anderson, Leslie Bernstein, Wong-Ho Chow, Laura J Hardie, Jesper Lagergren, Geoffrey Liu, Harvey A Risch, Anna H Wu, Weimin Ye, Nigel C Bird, Nicholas J Shaheen, Marilie D Gammon, Douglas A Corley, Carlos Caldas, Susanne Moebus, Michael Knapp, Wilbert H M Peters, Horst Neuhaus, Thomas Rösch, Christian Ell, Stuart MacGregor, Paul Pharoah, David C Whiteman, Janusz Jankowski, Johannes Schumacher
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal adenocarcinoma represents one of the fastest rising cancers in high-income countries. Barrett's oesophagus is the premalignant precursor of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. However, only a few patients with Barrett's oesophagus develop adenocarcinoma, which complicates clinical management in the absence of valid predictors. Within an international consortium investigating the genetics of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma, we aimed to identify novel genetic risk variants for the development of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma...
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
Colleen Psarros, Sarah Love
Newborn hearing screening has led to the early diagnosis of hearing loss in neonates and early device fitting is common, based primarily on electrophysiologic and radiologic information, with some supplementary behavioral measures. Such early fitting of hearing devices, in particular cochlear implants (CIs), has been beneficial to the majority of children implanted under the age of 12 months who meet the cochlear implant candidacy criteria. Comorbidities are common in children with hearing loss, although they may not be evident in neonates and may not emerge until later in infants...
August 2016: Seminars in Hearing
Jim Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Stefán Már Thorarensen, Na Lu, Alexis Ogdie, Joel M Gelfand, Hyon K Choi, Thorvardur Jon Love
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) among patients with psoriasis exposed to physical trauma. METHODS: A matched cohort study was performed using data from The Health Improvement Network (THIN). Patients with psoriasis exposed to trauma were randomly matched to up to five unexposed psoriasis controls based on gender, age, duration of psoriasis and the date of entry into THIN. Trauma exposure was stratified into subgroups of joint, bone, nerve and skin trauma...
July 25, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Aubrey Miller, Kevin Yeskey, Stavros Garantziotis, Stacey Arnesen, April Bennett, Liam O'Fallon, Claudia Thompson, Les Reinlib, Scott Masten, James Remington, Cindy Love, Steve Ramsey, Richard Rosselli, Betsy Galluzzo, Joy Lee, Richard Kwok, Joseph Hughes
The need for high quality and timely disaster research has been a topic of great discussion over the past several years. Recent high profile incidents have exposed gaps in knowledge about the health impacts of disasters or the benefits of specific interventions-such was the case with the 2010 Gulf Oil Spill and recent events associated with lead-contaminated drinking water in Flint, Michigan, and the evolving health crisis related to Zika virus disease. Our inability to perform timely research to inform the community about health and safety risks or address specific concerns further heightens anxiety and distrust...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Roseney Bellato, Laura Filomena Santos de Araújo, Janderléia Valéria Dolina, Cleciene Dos Anjos Musquim, Geovana Hagata de Lima Souza Thaines Corrêa
An essay that aims to reflect on the family experience of care in chronic situation, increasing the understanding of the family as the primary caregiver. It is based on comprehensive approach in studies conducted in three matrix searches from family care experiences. We have taken three axes to organize our reflections: a) conformation of family care in chronic situation, highlighting the multiple costs incurred to the family, which can exhaust the potential of care and establish or increase its vulnerability if it is not backed by networks support and sustenance; b) family rearrangements for the care, giving visibility to care cores in which many loved family members share the care, dynamic, plural and changeable way; c) self care modeling family care, pointing to the range of possibilities of the person taking care of diseased conditions supported by people close to them...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Kelson Zawack, Min Li, James G Booth, Will Love, Cristina Lanzas, Yrjö T Gröhn
In response to concerning increases in antimicrobial resistance (AMR), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has decided to increase veterinary oversight requirements for antimicrobials and restrict their use in growth promotion. Given the high stakes of this policy for the food supply, economy, and human and veterinary health, it is important to rigorously assess the effects of this policy. We have undertaken a detailed analysis of data provided by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS)...
September 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
L Pruimboom, D Reheis
Looking at a waterhole, it is surprising that so many animals share the same space without visible signs of anxiety or aggression. Although waterholes are the preferred feeding locations of large carnivores, waterholes are shared by all type of herbivores of all sizes and shapes, including elephants. Recent research shows that the homeostatic disturbances leading to the "thirst feeling" not only activate specific substances regulating water and mineral household, but also the "trust and love" hormone oxytocin, while decreasing the production of the typical stress hormone cortisol...
July 2016: Medical Hypotheses
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