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Children auditory working memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033450/a-retrospective-chart-analysis-with-follow-up-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Sander M Weckstein, Ethan J Weckstein, Christopher D Parker, Matthew W Westerman
BACKGROUND This case study was undertaken in an effort to assess whether children/adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience improvement in comorbid ADHD following Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT). This treatment intervention has been shown to improve ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents; however, there have been no studies on its use with individuals with ASD. MATERIAL AND METHODS CWMT is a computer-based program that consists of 13 auditory, visual, visual spatial, and combined exercises that are practiced for 45 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 5 weeks...
October 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906246/the-relationship-between-central-auditory-processing-language-and-cognition-in-children-being-evaluated-for-central-auditory-processing-disorder
#2
Lauren Brenneman, Elizabeth Cash, Gail D Chermak, Linda Guenette, Gay Masters, Frank E Musiek, Mallory Brown, Julianne Ceruti, Krista Fitzegerald, Kristin Geissler, Jennifer Gonzalez, Jeffrey Weihing
BACKGROUND: Pediatric central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is frequently comorbid with other childhood disorders. However, few studies have examined the relationship between commonly used CAPD, language, and cognition tests within the same sample. PURPOSE: The present study examined the relationship between diagnostic CAPD tests and "gold standard" measures of language and cognitive ability, the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802387/sleep-quality-and-communication-aspects-in-children
#3
Camila de Castro Corrêa, Maria Renata José, Eduardo Carvalho Andrade, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Giédre Berretin-Felix, Luciana Paula Maximino
OBJECTIVES: To correlate quality of life of children in terms of sleep, with their oral language skills, auditory processing and orofacial myofunctional aspects. METHODS: Nineteen children (12 males and seven females, in the mean age 9.26) undergoing otorhinolaryngological and speech evaluations participated in this study. The OSA-18 questionnaire was applied, followed by verbal and nonverbal sequential memory tests, dichotic digit test, nonverbal dichotic test and Sustained Auditory Attention Ability Test, related to auditory processing...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748447/cross-modal-working-memory-binding-and-l1-l2-word-learning
#4
Shinmin Wang, Richard J Allen, Shin-Yi Fang, Ping Li
The ability to create temporary binding representations of information from different sources in working memory has recently been found to relate to the development of monolingual word recognition in children. The current study explored this possible relationship in an adult word-learning context. We assessed whether the relationship between cross-modal working memory binding and lexical development would be observed in the learning of associations between unfamiliar spoken words and their semantic referents, and whether it would vary across experimental conditions in first- and second-language word learning...
July 26, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738138/vocabulary-facilitates-speech-perception-in-children-with-hearing-aids
#5
Kelsey E Klein, Elizabeth A Walker, Benjamin Kirby, Ryan W McCreery
Purpose: We examined the effects of vocabulary, lexical characteristics (age of acquisition and phonotactic probability), and auditory access (aided audibility and daily hearing aid [HA] use) on speech perception skills in children with HAs. Method: Participants included 24 children with HAs and 25 children with normal hearing (NH), ages 5-12 years. Groups were matched on age, expressive and receptive vocabulary, articulation, and nonverbal working memory. Participants repeated monosyllabic words and nonwords in noise...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736204/neural-stability-a-reflection-of-automaticity-in-reading
#6
Silvia Siu-Yin Lam, Travis White-Schwoch, Steven G Zecker, Jane Hornickel, Nina Kraus
Automaticity, the ability to perform a task rapidly with minimal effort, plays a key role in reading fluency and is indexed by rapid automatized naming (RAN) and processing speed. Yet little is known about automaticity's neurophysiologic underpinnings. The more efficiently sound is encoded, the more automatic sound processing can be. In turn, this automaticity could free up cognitive resources such as attention and working memory to help build an integrative reading network. Therefore, we hypothesized that automaticity and reading fluency correlate with stable neural representation of sounds, given a larger body of literature suggesting the close relationship between neural stability and the integrative function in the central auditory system...
August 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725022/action-video-games-improve-reading-abilities-and-visual-to-auditory-attentional-shifting-in-english-speaking-children-with-dyslexia
#7
Sandro Franceschini, Piergiorgio Trevisan, Luca Ronconi, Sara Bertoni, Susan Colmar, Kit Double, Andrea Facoetti, Simone Gori
Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in learning to read and there is some evidence that action video games (AVG), without any direct phonological or orthographic stimulation, improve reading efficiency in Italian children with dyslexia. However, the cognitive mechanism underlying this improvement and the extent to which the benefits of AVG training would generalize to deep English orthography, remain two critical questions. During reading acquisition, children have to integrate written letters with speech sounds, rapidly shifting their attention from visual to auditory modality...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692567/auditory-cognitive-training-for-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#8
Srikanta K Mishra, Shiva P Boddupally
OBJECTIVES: Understanding speech in noise is the biggest challenge faced by individuals with cochlear implants (CIs). Improving speech-in-noise perception for pediatric CI recipients continues to remain a high priority for all stakeholders. This study was designed to investigate the efficacy of working memory training for improving speech-in-noise recognition for children with CIs. DESIGN: Fourteen children with CIs (aged 6 to 15 years) received adaptive, home-based training on forward digit span task for 5 weeks, while 13 children with CIs participated in backward digit span training...
July 7, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656805/verbal-working-memory-related-functional-connectivity-alterations-in-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-the-effects-of-methylphenidate
#9
Zhao-Min Wu, Janita Bralten, Li An, Qing-Jiu Cao, Xiao-Hua Cao, Li Sun, Lu Liu, Li Yang, Maarten Mennes, Yu-Feng Zang, Barbara Franke, Martine Hoogman, Yu-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated verbal working memory-related functional connectivity patterns in participants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thus, we aimed to compare working memory-related functional connectivity patterns in healthy children and those with ADHD, and study effects of methylphenidate (MPH). METHOD: Twenty-two boys with ADHD were scanned twice, under either MPH (single dose, 10 mg) or placebo, in a randomised, cross-over, counterbalanced placebo-controlled design...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410255/neurocognitive-correlates-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-children-born-at-extremely-low-gestational-age
#10
Megan N Scott, Scott J Hunter, Robert M Joseph, Thomas Michael OʼShea, Stephen R Hooper, Elizabeth N Allred, Alan Leviton, Karl Kuban
OBJECTIVE: Compared with children born near term, those born extremely preterm (EP) are at much higher risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Little information is available about differences in neuropsychological outcomes among EP children with and without ADHD. Our analyses aimed to evaluate the neuropsychological correlates of ADHD symptoms in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs). METHODS: We obtained Child Symptom Inventory-4 reports from parents (n = 871) and teachers (n = 634) of 10-year-old children born before the 28th week of gestation...
May 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408898/from-lexical-tone-to-lexical-stress-a-cross-language-mediation-model-for-cantonese-children-learning-english-as-a-second-language
#11
William Choi, Xiuli Tong, Leher Singh
This study investigated how Cantonese lexical tone sensitivity contributed to English lexical stress sensitivity among Cantonese children who learned English as a second language (ESL). Five-hundred-and-sixteen second-to-third grade Cantonese ESL children were tested on their Cantonese lexical tone sensitivity, English lexical stress sensitivity, general auditory sensitivity, and working memory. Structural equation modeling revealed that Cantonese lexical tone sensitivity contributed to English lexical stress sensitivity both directly, and indirectly through the mediation of general auditory sensitivity, in which the direct pathway had a larger relative contribution to English lexical stress sensitivity than the indirect pathway...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367655/the-effect-of-voice-quality-and-competing-speakers-in-a-passage-comprehension-task-perceived-effort-in-relation-to-cognitive-functioning-and-performance-in-children-with-normal-hearing
#12
Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström
The study investigates the effect of voice quality and competing speakers on perceived effort in a passage comprehension task in relation to cognitive functioning. In addition, it explores if perceived effort was related to performance. A total of 49 children (aged 7:03 to 12:02 years) with normal hearing participated. The children performed an auditory passage comprehension task presented with six different listening conditions consisting of a typical voice or a dysphonic voice presented in quiet, with one competing speaker, and with four competing speakers...
April 3, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357519/low-working-memory-rather-than-adhd-symptoms-predicts-poor-academic-achievement-in-school-aged-children
#13
Ashley N Simone, David J Marks, Anne-Claude Bédard, Jeffrey M Halperin
This study examined whether working memory (WM), inattentive symptoms, and/or hyperactive/impulsive symptoms significantly contributed to academic, behavioral, and global functioning in 8-year-old children. One-hundred-sixty 8-year-old children (75.6% male), who were originally recruited as preschoolers, completed subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition, Integrated and Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Second Edition to assess WM and academic achievement, respectively. Teachers rated children's academic and behavioral functioning using the Vanderbilt Rating Scale...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306348/differences-in-dyslexic-students-before-and-after-a-remediation-program-a-clinical-neuropsychological-and-event-related-potential-study
#14
Nikolaos C Zygouris, Elias Avramidis, Argyris V Karapetsas, George I Stamoulis
Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected specific and persistent failure to acquire efficient reading skills despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity. This article reports the outcomes of a study that evaluated the implementation of a 4-month intervention program. The intervention consisted of structured activities aiming at improving (a) the children's phonological awareness, (b) their visual and auditory memory, (c) their visual discrimination ability, and (d) their text comprehension...
March 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125924/performance-based-and-parent-ratings-of-attention-in-children-treated-for-a-brain-tumor-the-significance-of-radiation-therapy-and-tumor-location-on-outcome
#15
Kimberly P Raghubar, E Mark Mahone, Keith Owen Yeates, M Douglas Ris
Children are at increased risk for cognitive difficulties following the diagnosis and treatment of a brain tumor. Radiation therapy (RT) and tumor location are commonly-cited predictors of neurocognitive functioning. Disruptions to foundational neurocognitive processes such as attention, working memory, and processing speed underlie declines on measures of general intellectual functioning. While several studies have examined visual sustained attention in pediatric brain tumor patients, auditory sustained attention has yet to be examined...
January 26, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109488/juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-jsle-auditory-pathway-affection-in-relation-to-disease-activity
#16
M A Kotait, H H Abd Elnabi, T A Gabr
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) is an autoimmune disease with the potential to affect a variety of organs in children or adolescents. jSLE is characterized by its severity and more widespread organ involvement specially central nervous system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate auditory processing and cognitive functions in children and adolescents with SLE taking into consideration the disease severity. METHODS: This work included 40 normal hearing pediatric patients diagnosed as SLE (23 with active disease and 17 with inactive disease) and a control group included 30 matched healthy children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088681/maintenance-effects-of-working-memory-intervention-cogmed-in-children-with-symptomatic-epilepsy
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amanda Fuentes, Elizabeth N Kerr
PURPOSE: To extend previous research documenting the benefits of working memory (WM) intervention (Cogmed) immediately post-intervention in children with epilepsy by assessing the 3-month maintenance effects. METHODS: Participants involved in a previous randomized clinical trial (RCT) were invited to participate if they completed Cogmed within the last 3months (n=15) and additional participants (n=13) were prospectively recruited. Standardized assessments of near-transfer effects (i...
February 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063244/single-sided-deafness-affects-language-and-auditory-development-a-case-control-study
#18
A Sangen, L Royackers, C Desloovere, J Wouters, A van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: To examine auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcomes of children with single-sided deafness (SSD). An increasing body of research suggests that children with SSD lag behind with respect to their normal hearing (NH) peers. In this study, we tap into certain developmental skills. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one children with SSD between 5 and 15 years of age participated. Per child with SSD, two NH control children were matched on age and gender...
October 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045787/some-neurocognitive-correlates-of-noise-vocoded-speech-perception-in-children-with-normal-hearing-a-replication-and-extension-of
#19
Adrienne S Roman, David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Kathleen F Faulkner
OBJECTIVES: Noise-vocoded speech is a valuable research tool for testing experimental hypotheses about the effects of spectral degradation on speech recognition in adults with normal hearing (NH). However, very little research has utilized noise-vocoded speech with children with NH. Earlier studies with children with NH focused primarily on the amount of spectral information needed for speech recognition without assessing the contribution of neurocognitive processes to speech perception and spoken word recognition...
May 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981855/individual-differences-in-language-and-working-memory-affect-children-s-speech-recognition-in-noise
#20
Ryan W McCreery, Meredith Spratford, Benjamin Kirby, Marc Brennan
OBJECTIVE: We examined how cognitive and linguistic skills affect speech recognition in noise for children with normal hearing. Children with better working memory and language abilities were expected to have better speech recognition in noise than peers with poorer skills in these domains. DESIGN: As part of a prospective, cross-sectional study, children with normal hearing completed speech recognition in noise for three types of stimuli: (1) monosyllabic words, (2) syntactically correct but semantically anomalous sentences and (3) semantically and syntactically anomalous word sequences...
May 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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