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Children auditory working memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306348/differences-in-dyslexic-students-before-and-after-a-remediation-program-a-clinical-neuropsychological-and-event-related-potential-study
#1
Nikolaos C Zygouris, Elias Avramidis, Argyris V Karapetsas, George I Stamoulis
Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected specific and persistent failure to acquire efficient reading skills despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity. This article reports the outcomes of a study that evaluated the implementation of a 4-month intervention program. The intervention consisted of structured activities aiming at improving (a) the children's phonological awareness, (b) their visual and auditory memory, (c) their visual discrimination ability, and (d) their text comprehension...
March 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125924/performance-based-and-parent-ratings-of-attention-in-children-treated-for-a-brain-tumor-the-significance-of-radiation-therapy-and-tumor-location-on-outcome
#2
Kimberly P Raghubar, E Mark Mahone, Keith Owen Yeates, M Douglas Ris
Children are at increased risk for cognitive difficulties following the diagnosis and treatment of a brain tumor. Radiation therapy (RT) and tumor location are commonly-cited predictors of neurocognitive functioning. Disruptions to foundational neurocognitive processes such as attention, working memory, and processing speed underlie declines on measures of general intellectual functioning. While several studies have examined visual sustained attention in pediatric brain tumor patients, auditory sustained attention has yet to be examined...
January 26, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109488/juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-jsle-auditory-pathway-affection-in-relation-to-disease-activity
#3
M A Kotait, H H Abd Elnabi, T A Gabr
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) is an autoimmune disease with the potential to affect a variety of organs in children or adolescents. jSLE is characterized by its severity and more widespread organ involvement specially central nervous system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate auditory processing and cognitive functions in children and adolescents with SLE taking into consideration the disease severity. METHODS: This work included 40 normal hearing pediatric patients diagnosed as SLE (23 with active disease and 17 with inactive disease) and a control group included 30 matched healthy children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088681/maintenance-effects-of-working-memory-intervention-cogmed-in-children-with-symptomatic-epilepsy
#4
Amanda Fuentes, Elizabeth N Kerr
PURPOSE: To extend previous research documenting the benefits of working memory (WM) intervention (Cogmed) immediately post-intervention in children with epilepsy by assessing the 3-month maintenance effects. METHODS: Participants involved in a previous randomized clinical trial (RCT) were invited to participate if they completed Cogmed within the last 3months (n=15) and additional participants (n=13) were prospectively recruited. Standardized assessments of near-transfer effects (i...
February 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063244/single-sided-deafness-affects-language-and-auditory-development-a-case-control-study
#5
A Sangen, L Royackers, C Desloovere, J Wouters, A van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: To examine auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcomes of children with single-sided deafness (SSD). An increasing body of research suggests that children with SSD lag behind with respect to their normal hearing (NH) peers. In this study, we tap into certain developmental skills. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one children with SSD between 5 and 15 years of age participated. Per child with SSD, two NH control children were matched on age and gender...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045787/some-neurocognitive-correlates-of-noise-vocoded-speech-perception-in-children-with-normal-hearing-a-replication-and-extension-of-eisenberg-et-al-2002
#6
Adrienne S Roman, David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Kathleen F Faulkner
OBJECTIVES: Noise-vocoded speech is a valuable research tool for testing experimental hypotheses about the effects of spectral degradation on speech recognition in adults with normal hearing (NH). However, very little research has utilized noise-vocoded speech with children with NH. Earlier studies with children with NH focused primarily on the amount of spectral information needed for speech recognition without assessing the contribution of neurocognitive processes to speech perception and spoken word recognition...
December 27, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981855/individual-differences-in-language-and-working-memory-affect-children-s-speech-recognition-in-noise
#7
Ryan W McCreery, Meredith Spratford, Benjamin Kirby, Marc Brennan
OBJECTIVE: We examined how cognitive and linguistic skills affect speech recognition in noise for children with normal hearing. Children with better working memory and language abilities were expected to have better speech recognition in noise than peers with poorer skills in these domains. DESIGN: As part of a prospective, cross-sectional study, children with normal hearing completed speech recognition in noise for three types of stimuli: (1) monosyllabic words, (2) syntactically correct but semantically anomalous sentences and (3) semantically and syntactically anomalous word sequences...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890689/developmental-toxicity-of-nicotine-a-transdisciplinary-synthesis-and-implications-for-emerging-tobacco-products
#8
REVIEW
Lucinda J England, Kjersti Aagaard, Michele Bloch, Kevin Conway, Kelly Cosgrove, Rachel Grana, Thomas J Gould, Dorothy Hatsukami, Frances Jensen, Denise Kandel, Bruce Lanphear, Frances Leslie, James R Pauly, Jenae Neiderhiser, Mark Rubinstein, Theodore A Slotkin, Eliot Spindel, Laura Stroud, Lauren Wakschlag
While the health risks associated with adult cigarette smoking have been well described, effects of nicotine exposure during periods of developmental vulnerability are often overlooked. Using MEDLINE and PubMed literature searches, books, reports and expert opinion, a transdisciplinary group of scientists reviewed human and animal research on the health effects of exposure to nicotine during pregnancy and adolescence. A synthesis of this research supports that nicotine contributes critically to adverse effects of gestational tobacco exposure, including reduced pulmonary function, auditory processing defects, impaired infant cardiorespiratory function, and may contribute to cognitive and behavioral deficits in later life...
January 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830992/factors-predictive-of-a-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-neuropsychological-assessment
#9
Leah N Enns, Nicole M Taylor
A variety of neurodevelopmental impairments related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnoses have been consistently documented. However, it is not clear whether such variables are predictive of a diagnosis. The purpose of the present study is to use logistic regressions to identify predictors of FASD in neuropsychological assessment. Charts of 180 children and adolescents with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) who underwent psychological and diagnostic assessment for FASD were retrospectively reviewed...
November 10, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809665/executive-abilities-in-children-with-congenital-visual-impairment-in-mid-childhood
#10
Joe Bathelt, Michelle De Haan, Alison Salt, Naomi Jane Dale
The role of vision and vision deprivation in the development of executive function (EF) abilities in childhood is little understood; aspects of EF such as initiative, attention orienting, inhibition, planning and performance monitoring are often measured through visual tasks. Studying the development and integrity of EF abilities in children with congenital visual impairment (VI) may provide important insights into the development of EF and also its possible relationship with vision and non-visual senses. The current study investigates non-visual EF abilities in 18 school-age children of average verbal intelligence with VI of differing levels of severity arising from congenital disorders affecting the eye, retina, or anterior optic nerve...
November 3, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665293/an-rct-into-the-effects-of-neurofeedback-on-neurocognitive-functioning-compared-to-stimulant-medication-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-adhd
#11
Katleen Geladé, Marleen Bink, Tieme W P Janssen, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
Neurofeedback (NFB) is a potential alternative treatment for children with ADHD that aims to optimize brain activity. Whereas most studies into NFB have investigated behavioral effects, less attention has been paid to the effects on neurocognitive functioning. The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared neurocognitive effects of NFB to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate (MPH) and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity (PA), to control for non-specific effects. Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, children with ADHD, aged 7-13, were randomly allocated to NFB (n = 39), MPH (n = 36) or PA (n = 37) over a period of 10-12 weeks...
September 24, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622982/are-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-associated-with-executive-functioning-in-preschoolers
#12
Leanne Tamm, Sarah B Brenner, Morgan E Bamberger, Stephen P Becker
The aim of this study is to investigate whether sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms are associated with neurocognitive task performance and ratings of real-world executive functioning (EF) in preschoolers at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The associations between parent- and teacher-rated SCT symptoms and neuropsychological task performance and ratings of EF in 61 4-year-old preschool children (51 boys, 10 girls) with self-regulation difficulties were examined, with regression analyses controlling for the effects of ADHD inattention symptoms...
September 13, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622854/exercise-during-pregnancy-enhances-cerebral-maturation-in-the-newborn-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Elise Labonte-Lemoyne, Daniel Curnier, Dave Ellemberg
Accumulating research indicates that the regular practice of physical exercise is beneficial to the human brain. From the improvement of academic achievement in children to the prevention of Alzheimer's disease in the elderly, exercise appears beneficial across the developmental spectrum. Recent work from animal studies also indicates that a pregnant mother can transfer the benefits of exercise during gestation to her offspring's brain. Exercising pregnant rats give birth to pups that have better memory and spatial learning as well as increased synaptic density...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594924/automatic-cortical-representation-of-auditory-pitch-changes-in-rett-syndrome
#14
John J Foxe, Kelly M Burke, Gizely N Andrade, Aleksandra Djukic, Hans-Peter Frey, Sophie Molholm
BACKGROUND: Over the typical course of Rett syndrome, initial language and communication abilities deteriorate dramatically between the ages of 1 and 4 years, and a majority of these children go on to lose all oral communication abilities. It becomes extremely difficult for clinicians and caretakers to accurately assess the level of preserved auditory functioning in these children, an issue of obvious clinical import. Non-invasive electrophysiological techniques allow for the interrogation of auditory cortical processing without the need for overt behavioral responses...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592101/assistive-technology-evaluations-remote-microphone-technology-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Erin C Schafer, Suzanne Wright, Christine Anderson, Jessalyn Jones, Katie Pitts, Danielle Bryant, Melissa Watson, Jerrica Box, Melissa Neve, Lauren Mathews, Mary Pat Reed
The goal of this study was to conduct assistive technology evaluations on 12 children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to evaluate the potential benefits of remote-microphone (RM) technology. A single group, within-subjects design was utilized to explore individual and group data from functional questionnaires and behavioral test measures administered, designed to assess school- and home-based listening abilities, once with and once without RM technology. Because some of the children were unable to complete the behavioral test measures, particular focus was given to the functional questionnaires completed by primary teachers, participants, and parents...
November 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551263/improving-dorsal-stream-function-in-dyslexics-by-training-figure-ground-motion-discrimination-improves-attention-reading-fluency-and-working-memory
#16
Teri Lawton
There is an ongoing debate about whether the cause of dyslexia is based on linguistic, auditory, or visual timing deficits. To investigate this issue three interventions were compared in 58 dyslexics in second grade (7 years on average), two targeting the temporal dynamics (timing) of either the auditory or visual pathways with a third reading intervention (control group) targeting linguistic word building. Visual pathway training in dyslexics to improve direction-discrimination of moving test patterns relative to a stationary background (figure/ground discrimination) significantly improved attention, reading fluency, both speed and comprehension, phonological processing, and both auditory and visual working memory relative to controls, whereas auditory training to improve phonological processing did not improve these academic skills significantly more than found for controls...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445676/from-mimicry-to-language-a-neuroanatomically-based-evolutionary-model-of-the-emergence-of-vocal-language
#17
Oren Poliva
The auditory cortex communicates with the frontal lobe via the middle temporal gyrus (auditory ventral stream; AVS) or the inferior parietal lobule (auditory dorsal stream; ADS). Whereas the AVS is ascribed only with sound recognition, the ADS is ascribed with sound localization, voice detection, prosodic perception/production, lip-speech integration, phoneme discrimination, articulation, repetition, phonological long-term memory and working memory. Previously, I interpreted the juxtaposition of sound localization, voice detection, audio-visual integration and prosodic analysis, as evidence that the behavioral precursor to human speech is the exchange of contact calls in non-human primates...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423633/impact-of-co-morbid-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-on-cognitive-function-in-male-children-with-tourette-syndrome-a-controlled-study
#18
Cristiano Termine, Chiara Luoni, Stefania Fontolan, Claudia Selvini, Livia Perego, Francesca Pavone, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin, Andrea E Cavanna
Tourette syndrome (TS) and attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are co-morbid neurodevelopmental conditions affecting more commonly male patients. We set out to determine the impact of co-morbid ADHD on cognitive function in male children with TS by conducting a controlled study. Participants included four matched groups of unmedicated children (age range 6-15 years): TS (n=13), TS+ADHD (n=8), ADHD (n=39), healthy controls (n=66). Following clinical assessment, each participant completed a battery of tests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III, the Italian Battery for ADHD, the Tower of London test, the Corsi test, and the Digit Span test...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355396/neurocognitive-and-behavioral-profiles-of-children-with-landau-kleffner-syndrome
#19
Cynthia A Riccio, Stephanie M Vidrine, Morris J Cohen, Delmaris Acosta-Cotte, Yong Park
This is a retrospective study of 14 cases of children with Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), the most prominent feature of which is acquired aphasia. These children were followed at a tertiary care pediatric epilepsy center. From the research data base, all LKS cases with neuropsychological evaluation were extracted. Children ranged in age from 6 to 13 years (M = 9.12; SD = 2.19) at the time of assessment (1 to 10 years post-onset). The majority of the children were white males, and all but one continued to experience seizure activity...
June 29, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049959/neuropsychological-presentation-and-adaptive-skills-in-high-functioning-adolescents-with-visual-impairment-a-preliminary-investigation
#20
R Greenaway, L Pring, A Schepers, D P Isaacs, N J Dale
Studies in infants and young children with congenital visual impairment (VI) have indicated early developmental vulnerabilities, conversely research with older children and adults have highlighted areas of cognitive strength. A minimal amount is known, however, about the possible combination of strengths and weaknesses in adolescence, and this present study therefore aims to explore the neuropsychological presentation and adaptive behavior profile in high-functioning adolescents with congenital VI. Participants completed a battery of commonly used neuropsychological measures assessing memory, executive function, and attention...
April 6, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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