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Veterinary depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242704/effects-of-prolonged-treatment-with-co-trimoxazole-on-the-thyroid-gland-liver-and-epididymal-sperm-reserve-in-dogs
#1
Davinson C Anyogu, Vincent So Shoyinka, John I Ihedioha
Co-trimoxazole is an antimicrobial drug gotten from potentiation of sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim. It is widely used for the treatment of bacterial and protozoan infections in humans. It is also used in veterinary clinics against susceptible microorganisms, but thyroid dysfunction has raised concern especially in dogs. This study aimed to determine the effects of prolonged treatment with co-trimoxazole in euthyroid dogs. Dogs were given co-trimoxazole at 30, 60, and 120 mg/kg body weight at 12-hour intervals for 21 days...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056706/the-effects-of-music-during-a-physical-examination-skills-practice-a-pilot-study
#2
Elpida Artemiou, Gregory E Gilbert, Fortune Sithole, Liza S Koster
Some veterinary students experience elevated stress, anxiety, and depression resulting in disease and psychological changes. Elevated arousal, negative moods, and lack of interest can negatively affect performance and learning. Psychoacoustic music promotes calming effects using simple and slow piano sounds and can positively impact well-being and functioning. This pilot study assessed the effects of music on blood pressure, pulse, arousal, and mood during a canine physical examination laboratory. In an AB/BA crossover study, 17 students were randomly allocated to practice physical examination skills while listening to Through a Dog's Ear, Volume 1...
September 27, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870976/caregiver-burden-in-owners-of-a-sick-companion-animal-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#3
Mary Beth Spitznagel, Dana M Jacobson, Melanie D Cox, Mark D Carlson
Much recent work has focused on occupational stress in veterinary medicine, although little is known about the possible contribution of client-based factors. Clients providing care for a companion animal with protracted illness are likely to experience 'caregiver burden' and reduced psychosocial functioning, which may ultimately lead to increased veterinarian stress. This cross-sectional observational study assessed caregiver burden and psychosocial function in 238 owners of a dog or cat, comparing owners of an animal with chronic or terminal diseases (n=119) with healthy controls blindly matched for owner age/sex and animal species (n=119)...
September 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836840/computed-tomographic-findings-in-dogs-with-head-trauma-and-development-of-a-novel-prognostic-computed-tomography-based-scoring-system
#4
Orit Chai, Dana Peery, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Efrat Moscovich, Efrat Kelmer, Sigal Klainbart, Joshua Milgram, Merav H Shamir
OBJECTIVE To characterize CT findings and outcomes in dogs with head trauma and design a prognostic scale. ANIMALS 27 dogs admitted to the Koret School Veterinary Teaching Hospital within 72 hours after traumatic head injury that underwent CT imaging of the head. PROCEDURES Data were extracted from medical records regarding dog signalment, history, physical and neurologic examination findings, and modified Glasgow coma scale scores. All CT images were retrospectively evaluated by a radiologist unaware of dog status...
September 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763668/effects-of-exposure-to-pharmaceuticals-diclofenac-and-carbamazepine-spiked-sediments-in-the-midge-chironomus-riparius-diptera-chironomidae
#5
Elena Nieto, Carmen Corada-Fernández, Miriam Hampel, Pablo A Lara-Martín, Paloma Sánchez-Argüello, Julián Blasco
Human and veterinary pharmaceuticals and degradation products are continuously introduced into the environment. To date, there is a lack of information about the effects of pharmaceuticals in spiked toxicity tests with non-target organisms. In this study, we have evaluated the effects of exposure to two common pharmaceuticals in the midge Chironomus riparius in spiked sediment experiments. The selected pharmaceuticals are the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID): diclofenac (DF) and the anti-depressant drug carbamazepine (CBZ)...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615883/clinicobiochemical-changes-in-ivermectin-toxicity-in-doberman-pinscher-pups
#6
Sahadeb Dey, Nitin P Kurade, Kishore Lal Khurana, Ananya Dan
This study is based on naturally intoxicated Doberman pinscher pups. Six Doberman pinscher pups were overdosed 50 times of recommended ivermectin dose by the pet owner and presented to Referral Veterinary Polyclinic section of this institute in a state of coma. The pups were unable to hold their head up and had no pupillary reflex. The pups were examined clinically and samples of blood were taken for haemato-biochemical studies, before and after treatment. During intoxication there was marked haemoconcentration, increase in values of serum creatinine phosphokinase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase but decrease in serum glucose levels...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-veterinary-medical-students-a-multi-site-study
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Elizabeth B Strand, Jennifer Brandt, Kenita Rogers, Laurie Fonken, Ruthanne Chun, Peter Conlon, Linda Lord
This research explores Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) among veterinary medical students across six academic institutions of veterinary medicine, and their relationship with depression, stress, and desire to become a veterinarian. Between April 1, 2016, and May 23, 2016, 1,118 veterinary medical students in all 4 years of the curriculum (39% response rate) completed an anonymous web-based questionnaire about ACEs, depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CESD), stress using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the age at which they wanted to become a veterinarian...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344397/comparative-study-of-obstructive-urolithiasis-and-its-sequelae-in-buffalo-calves
#8
Yasmin H Bayoumi, Noura E Attia
AIM: The present work was designed to study the incidence of obstructive urolithiasis and to apply comparative diagnosis to urine retention cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 non-castrated buffalo calves aging 3-11 months were included in this study, 68 calves were admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Zagazig University, Egypt, during the study period with a history of anuria, and they were classified into three groups; intact bladder group (19 calves), uroperitoneum group (45 calves), and ruptured urethra group (4 calves)...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328950/repeated-anaesthesia-with-isoflurane-and-medetomidine-midazolam-fentanyl-in-guinea-pigs-and-its-influence-on-physiological-parameters
#9
Sabrina Schmitz, Sabine Tacke, Brian Guth, Julia Henke
Repeated anaesthesia may be required in experimental protocols and in daily veterinary practice, but anaesthesia is known to alter physiological parameters in GPs (Cavia porcellus, GPs). This study investigated the effects of repeated anaesthesia with either medetomidine-midazolam-fentanyl (MMF) or isoflurane (Iso) on physiological parameters in the GP. Twelve GPs were repeatedly administered with MMF or Iso in two anaesthesia sets. One set consisted of six 40-min anaesthesias, performed over 3 weeks (2 per week); the anaesthetic used first was randomized...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295616/associations-between-anesthetic-variables-and-functional-outcome-in-dogs-with-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disk-extrusion-undergoing-decompressive-hemilaminectomy
#10
J Fenn, E Laber, K Williams, C A Rousse, P J Early, C L Mariani, K R Muñana, S De Decker, H A Volk, N J Olby
BACKGROUND: Outcome of acute experimental spinal cord injury is strongly associated with tissue perfusion and oxygenation. Cardiopulmonary depression could affect outcome in dogs undergoing general anesthesia for surgical treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of general anesthesia on functional outcome in dogs undergoing surgery to treat thoracolumbar IVDE. ANIMALS: Eighty-four client-owned dogs with acute thoracolumbar IVDE treated by decompressive hemilaminectomy...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272340/factors-which-influence-owners-when-deciding-to-use-chemotherapy-in-terminally-ill-pets
#11
Jane Williams, Catherine Phillips, Hollie Marie Byrd
Chemotherapy is a commonly integrated treatment option within human and animal oncology regimes. Limited research has investigated pet owners' treatment decision-making in animals diagnosed with malignant neoplasia. Dog and cat owners were asked to complete an online questionnaire to elucidate factors which are key to the decision making process. Seventy-eight respondents completed the questionnaire in full. Fifty-eight percent of pet owners would not elect to treat pets with chemotherapy due to the negative impact of the associated side effects...
March 7, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206849/stress-and-depression-among-veterinary-medical-students
#12
Stacy L Killinger, Sean Flanagan, Eleanor Castine, Kimberly A S Howard
While existing literature suggests that professional students (e.g., medical, dental, law, nursing, etc.) experience high levels of stress and depression, the experiences of veterinary medical students have been less well examined. The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of stress and depression among veterinary medical students and to examine the relationship between these variables. Study participants were 1,245 veterinary medical students from North America. The findings provide support for the assertion that veterinary medical students experience high levels of stress and depression...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206844/the-effect-of-personality-on-occupational-stress-in-veterinary-surgeons
#13
Briony F Y Dawson, Neill J Thompson
Statistics show that veterinary surgeons are in one of the professions with the highest suicide rates. This indicates the sector has significant well-being issues, with high levels of occupational stress and burnout. Previous research has focused on environmental factors in isolation, overlooking the influence of personality. This study aimed to establish that personality is a better predictor of occupational stress than environment. UK veterinary surgeons (n=311) completed an online survey composed of three questionnaires; the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Job Stress Survey...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#14
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206836/a-decade-of-counseling-services-in-one-college-of-veterinary-medicine-veterinary-medical-students-psychological-distress-and-help-seeking-trends
#15
Adryanna A S Drake, McArthur Hafen, Bonnie R Rush
Much has been discussed about the high prevalence of psychological distress among veterinary medical students. Studies investigating general samples of veterinary medical students indicate that, on average, depression and anxiety symptoms are present at higher rates than in comparison samples. However, little is known about veterinary medical students who seek counseling. This study intends to expand the literature on veterinary student well-being, as the first to examine a sample of veterinary medical students seeking counseling services...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206833/an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-capital-and-depression-among-first-year-doctor-of-veterinary-medicine-students
#16
Dorothy J Bakker, Sean T Lyons, Peter D Conlon
This study examined the impact of psychological capital on depressive symptoms among Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) students (n=84) over their first two semesters of studies. Our results indicated elevated rates of depression in both the first and second semesters relative to published norms. Using the typology developed by Hafen, Reisbig, White, and Rush (2008), students were classified as either "adaptive" (i.e., improving depressive symptomatology from semester to semester) or "struggling" (i.e., worsening depressive symptomatology from semester to semester)...
December 0: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149034/acute-pesticide-ingestion-managed-with-yohimbine-as-a-rescue-therapy
#17
Prashant Nasa, Deven Juneja
Amitraz is used as a pesticide in agricultural and veterinary medicine. It is primarily a central α2 adrenergic agonist and known to cause central nervous system depression, convulsions, respiratory depression, and bradycardia on severe intoxication. We report a case of a 3-year-old child who presented with accidental ingestion of amitraz solution with signs of severe poisoning. There is no specific antidote of amitraz poisoning in humans, however, animal experiments with α2 adrenergic antagonists such as yohimbine and atimepazole have been successful...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007369/pentobarbital-in-the-context-of-possible-suicides-analysis-of-a-case
#18
Paula Melo, Pedro Costa, Maria José Quintas, André Castro, Sónia Tarelho, João Miguel Franco, Helena M Teixeira
Pentobarbital is a barbiturate, acting as a central nervous system depressant (CNS), being used for its anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic and anaesthetic properties. Barbiturates were replaced by benzodiazepines, leading to a decrease in poisoning cases with these compounds. However, pentobarbital is still used in many countries as an anaesthetic in veterinary medicine. Due to its properties, this compound is sought after by people who wish to commit suicide, acquiring it on the black market. The authors present an unusual fatal pentobarbital intoxication case, in a 37 years-old male salesperson, with no known connection with the veterinary field, being more difficult to obtain this compound...
May 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932682/preliminary-assessment-of-midazolam-fentanyl-and-fluanisone-combination-for-the-sedation-of-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#19
Henri G M J Bertrand, Charlotte F Sandersen, Paul A Flecknell
This study was undertaken to assess the suitability of fentanyl/fluanisone ('Hypnorm', VetaPharma; 0.315 mg/mL of fentanyl citrate and 10 mg/mL of fluanisone) alone or combined with midazolam in rhesus macaques. Fifteen rhesus macaques requiring sedation for veterinary procedures received an intramuscular (IM) dose range of Hypnorm from 0.01 mL/kg to 0.3 mL/kg either alone or combined with 0.5 mg/kg of midazolam. To reverse the sedation, flumazenil in combination with either naloxone, buprenorphine or butorphanol was administered intravenously (IV) or IM...
December 8, 2016: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899086/closantel-a-veterinary-drug-with-potential-severe-morbidity-in-humans
#20
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Mohammad Reza Mansouri, Ahmad Mirshahi, Bahman Inanlou, Mojtaba Abrishami, Ahmad Reza Pakrah, Hamideh Masarat
BACKGROUND: Closantel is a halogenated salicylanilide with a potent anti parasitic activity. It is widely used in management of parasitic infestation in animals, but is contraindicated in humans. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old man with depression was referred to our center with progressive loss of vision in both eyes 10 days after unintentional ingestion of three 500 mg tablets of Closantel. On fundus examination, left optic disc margin was blurred. His bilateral visual acuity was no light perception (NLP) despite prescribed IV erythropoietin injections 20,000 units daily for 3 days and 1gr intravenous methylprednisolone acetate for 3 days followed by 1 mg/kg oral prednisolone...
November 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
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