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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206849/stress-and-depression-among-veterinary-medical-students
#1
Stacy L Killinger, Sean Flanagan, Eleanor Castine, Kimberly A S Howard
While existing literature suggests that professional students (e.g., medical, dental, law, nursing, etc.) experience high levels of stress and depression, the experiences of veterinary medical students have been less well examined. The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of stress and depression among veterinary medical students and to examine the relationship between these variables. Study participants were 1,245 veterinary medical students from North America. The findings provide support for the assertion that veterinary medical students experience high levels of stress and depression...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#2
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206836/a-decade-of-counseling-services-in-one-college-of-veterinary-medicine-veterinary-medical-students-psychological-distress-and-help-seeking-trends
#3
Adryanna A S Drake, McArthur Hafen, Bonnie R Rush
Much has been discussed about the high prevalence of psychological distress among veterinary medical students. Studies investigating general samples of veterinary medical students indicate that, on average, depression and anxiety symptoms are present at higher rates than in comparison samples. However, little is known about veterinary medical students who seek counseling. This study intends to expand the literature on veterinary student well-being, as the first to examine a sample of veterinary medical students seeking counseling services...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183303/usefulness-of-an-educational-lecture-focusing-on-improvement-in-public-awareness-of-and-attitudes-toward-depression-and-its-treatments
#4
Takashi Yakushi, Teizo Kuba, Yuzuru Nakamoto, Hiroshi Fukuhara, Munenaga Koda, Osamu Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Kondo
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to establish effective strategies for suicide prevention. Stigma against depression may be a potential anti-protective factor for suicide. Thus, we investigated baseline levels of awareness and attitudes toward depression and its treatment among the general population by our original 18-item questionnaire, which we aimed to validate in the present study. Next, we conducted two types of educational interventions and examined the results to clarify the difference in the quality of these lectures...
February 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182781/test-anxiety-in-medical-school-is-unrelated-to-academic-performance-but-correlates-with-an-effort-reward-imbalance
#5
Henry Hahn, Peter Kropp, Timo Kirschstein, Gernot Rücker, Brigitte Müller-Hilke
PURPOSE: During their early years at medical school, students repeatedly criticize their workload, time constraints and test associated stress. At the same time, depressiveness and anxiety among first and second year medical students are on the rise. We therefore hypothesized that test anxiety may be related to depressiveness and considered cognitive and academic performances as confounders for the former and psychosocial distress for the latter. METHODS: A whole class of 200 second year students was invited to participate in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#6
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128809/-psychopathology-screening-in-medical-school-students
#7
Jesús Francisco Galván-Molina, María E Jiménez-Capdeville, José María Hernández-Mata, José Ramón Arellano-Cano
OBJECTIVE: Screening of psychopathology and associated factors in medical students employing an electronic self-report survey. METHOD: A transversal, observational, and comparative study that consisted of the following instruments: Sociodemographic survey; 2. Adult Self-Report Scale-V1 (ASRS); State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI); Zung and Conde Self-Rating Depression Scale, Almonte-Herskovic Sexual Orientation Self-Report; Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Identification (AUDIT); Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; 9...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114918/helping-intentions-of-undergraduates-towards-their-depressed-peers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sri-lanka
#8
Santushi D Amarasuriya, Nicola J Reavley, Alyssia Rossetto, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Despite showing high rates of depression, university students prefer to seek assistance for their depression from informal sources, such as their friends, rather than seeking professional assistance. Therefore, the helping behaviours of those who provide informal help to these students need examination. This study examines the helping intentions of undergraduates in Sri Lanka towards their depressed peers and the correlates of their helping intentions. METHOD: The undergraduates were presented with a vignette of a hypothetical depressed undergraduate...
January 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101479/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disorders-in-a-population-of-patients-with-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#9
Matilde Gammino, Leila Zummo, Anna Lo Bue, Lidia Urso, Valeria Terruso, Oreste Marrone, Brigida Fierro, Ornella Daniele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several primary causes for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disorders in patients with epilepsy. Up to now, studies in the literature report conflicting data in terms of both prevalence and aetiology. The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the prevalence of EDS and some sleep disorders in a population of patients with epilepsy treated with no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We also investigated the role of the depression of mood as a variable that can negatively affect EDS...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062822/improving-health-care-for-spanish-speaking-rural-dairy-farm-workers
#10
Caledonia Buckheit, Dwan Pineros, Ardis Olson, Deborah Johnson, Stephen Genereaux
BACKGROUND: Dartmouth Geisel Migrant Health (DGMH) is a medical student group that provides on-site health services for Spanish-speaking dairy workers in rural Vermont and New Hampshire in conjunction with a federally qualified health center (FQHC). STUDY OBJECTIVE: This project was undertaken to evaluate and improve the services provided by DGMH and the FQHC and to refine understanding of the target population. METHODS: We surveyed 25 workers at 6 collaborating dairy farms to identify health priorities and concerns and perceived barriers and facilitators to health care for these workers...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056972/perceived-stress-in-first-year-medical-students-associations-with-personal-resources-and-emotional-distress
#11
Ines Heinen, Monika Bullinger, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
BACKGROUND: Medical students have been found to report high levels of perceived stress, yet there is a lack of theoretical frameworks examining possible reasons. This cross-sectional study examines correlates of perceived stress in medical students on the basis of a conceptual stress model originally developed for and applied to the general population. The aim was to identify via structural equation modeling the associations between perceived stress and emotional distress (anxiety and depression), taking into account the activation of personal resources (optimism, self-efficacy and resilient coping)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050399/the-effect-of-consanguineous-marriage-on-mental-health-among-the-students-of-the-shahrekord-university-of-medical-sciences
#12
Maryam Hosseinpour, Fatemeh Deris, Kamal Solati-Dehkordi, Sheida Heidari-Soreshjani, Negar Karimi, Hossein Teimori
INTRODUCTION: In Iran, after unintentional accidents, mental health problems are the second leading burden of disease. Consanguineous marriage is very common in Iran and the association between parental consanguinity and mental health is an important issue that has not yet been studied sufficiently in Iran. AIM: To investigate the effect of consanguinity and the degree of relationship on different levels of mental health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, conducted in the Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, two groups of students were enrolled...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035127/medical-use-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-medication-and-risk-behaviour-among-croatian-adolescents
#13
Marina Kuzman, Marija Posavec
BACKGROUND: At the drug scene some major shifts were observed, more and more reports highlighted the abuse of prescription medication. Despite the importance of controlled medication in treatment child and adolescent disorders, this increase may be a factor which influence misuse and nonmedical use of prescribed drugs among adolescents. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Croatian data from ESPAD survey in 2003, 2007 and 2011 were used, and variables selected from the international ESPAD questionnaire...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#14
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007366/access-to-care-and-depression-among-emergency-department-patients
#15
Beau Abar, Steven Hong, Eric Aaserude, Ashley Holub, Vincent DeRienzo
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression among patients in the emergency department (ED) is significantly higher than in the general population, making the ED a potentially important forum for the identification of depression and intervention. Concomitant to the identification of depression is the issue of patient access to appropriate care. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to establish prevalence estimates of potential barriers to care among ED patients and relate these barriers with symptoms of depression...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997222/empathy-in-medical-students-is-moderated-by-openness-to-spirituality
#16
Rodolfo F Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Giancarlo Lucchetti, J Kevin Dorsey
THEORY: Empathy is one component of medical student education that may be important to nurture, but there are many potential psychological barriers to empathy, such as student depression, burnout, and low quality of life or wellness behaviors. However, few studies have addressed how positive behaviors such as wellness and spirituality, in combination with these barriers, might affect empathy. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized a negative relationship between psychological distress and empathy, and a positive relationship between empathy and wellness behaviors...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973258/relationship-between-perception-of-sex-hormones-imbalance-depression-and-cognitive-function-among-female-students-in-international-medical-university-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
A Tumkur, R Venkataraman, P Mittal, L S Koay, S E Chiam, S P Choong, S Y Chow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968846/factors-associated-with-professionalism-in-chinese-medical-students-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#18
Angela P Fan, Russell O Kosik, Guo-Tong Xu, Qiaoling Cai, Selina Lien, Lei Huang, Xudong Zhao, Xiaojie Zhang, Yuhwa Wang, Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Professionalism is a central part of medical practice, and medical organisations worldwide have mandated training on this topic for future medical doctors. In China, national guidelines were developed to make explicit expectations that were once implicit. Medical education reform over the past decade has emphasised topics such as medical humanities, life-long learning, and patient-centered learning in an effort to increase the professionalism of future physicians. Although the importance of teaching professionalism has been well recognised, few studies have evaluated its implementation at Chinese medical schools...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942029/predictors-of-participation-of-sophomore-medical-students-in-a-health-promoting-intervention-an-observational-study
#19
Thomas Kötter, Johanna Ritter, Alexander Katalinic, Edgar Voltmer
Medical students and doctors have to be particularly stress-resilient, as both medical education and practice are considered very stressful. Specific stressors can lead to increased risks of developing, for example, depression, anxiety and burnout. Relaxation techniques have proven to be effective for the prevention of these outcomes in student populations. However, only a very few medical students practice relaxation techniques regularly early on in their studies. Furthermore, it is unclear which students make use of stress-management offers and hence whether vulnerable students are generally reachable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940771/the-aap-resilience-in-the-face-of-grief-and-loss-curriculum
#20
Janet R Serwint, Susan Bostwick, Ann E Burke, Annamaria Church, Albina Gogo, Dena Hofkosh, Marta King, Jennifer Linebarger, Megan E McCabe, Margaret Moon, Amanda Osta, Deborah T Rana, O J Sahler, Keely Smith, Florence Rivera, Constance Baldwin
A career in pediatrics can bring great joy and satisfaction. It can also be challenging and lead some providers to manifest burnout and depression. A curriculum designed to help pediatric health providers acquire resilience and adaptive skills may be a key element in transforming times of anxiety and grief into rewarding professional experiences. The need for this curriculum was identified by the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Medical Students, Residents and Fellowship Trainees. A working group of educators developed this curriculum to address the professional attitudes, knowledge, and skills essential to thrive despite the many stressors inevitable in clinical care...
November 2016: Pediatrics
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