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Medical student depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931387/psychological-distress-among-medical-students-in-conflicts-a-cross-sectional-study-from-syria
#1
Tareq Al Saadi, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Tarek Turk, Fatima Abbas, Mahmoud Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medical education can be a time of great psychological distress for students. The ongoing Syrian conflict represents an additional factor potentially contributing to poor mental health among medical students. Studies revealed high levels of psychological distress among Syrians. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students at Damascus University during this period of war. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) in addition to questions about demographic and financial characteristics, and questions about the effects of the ongoing war on the participants' lives...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893747/the-health-and-well-being-of-australia-s-future-medical-doctors-protocol-for-a-5-year-observational-cohort-study-of-medical-trainees
#2
Erin Cvejic, Gordon Parker, Samuel B Harvey, Zachery Steel, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Claire L Macnamara, Uté Vollmer-Conna
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training in the undergraduate medical course places multiple stressors on trainees, which have been held to lead to heightened distress, depression, suicide, substance misuse/abuse and poor mental health outcomes. To date, evidence for morbidity in trainees is largely derived from cross-sectional survey-based research. This limits the accuracy of estimates and the extent to which predispositional vulnerabilities (biological and/or psychological), contextual triggers and longer-term consequences can be validly identified...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876408/mental-health-problems-among-medical-students-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
João P Pacheco, Henrique T Giacomin, Wilson W Tam, Tássia B Ribeiro, Claudia Arab, Italla M Bezerra, Gustavo C Pinasco
Objective: To provide a comprehensive picture of mental health problems (MHPs) in Brazilian medical students by documenting their prevalence and association with co-factors. Methods: We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases for cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of MHPs among medical students in Brazil published before September 29, 2016. We pooled prevalences using a random-effects meta-analysis, and summarized factors associated with MHP...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866720/medical-students-and-stigma-of-depression-part-2-self-stigma
#4
REVIEW
Julia Suwalska, Aleksandra Suwalska, Marta Szczygieł, Dorota Łojko
Up to 30% of medical students suffer from depression. They have better access to healthcare, but still receive appropriate treatment less frequently than people with depression in the general population. Most of them do not seek medical help as depression is perceived as a stigmatizing disorder, which leads to self-stigma and hampers early diagnosis and treatment. Thus, self-stigma means less effective therapy, unfavorable prognosis and relapses. According to the literature, self-stigma results in lowered self-esteem and is a major obstacle in the performance of social roles at work and in personal life...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861884/cross-cultural-differences-in-mental-health-quality-of-life-empathy-and-burnout-between-us-and-brazilian-medical-students
#5
Giancarlo Lucchetti, Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, J Kevin Dorsey
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare mental health, quality of life, empathy, and burnout in medical students from a medical institution in the USA and another one in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-cultural study included students enrolled in the first and second years of their undergraduate medical training. We evaluated depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS 21), empathy, openness to spirituality, and wellness (ESWIM), burnout (Oldenburg), and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) and compared them between schools...
August 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859004/effects-of-the-nurse-athlete-program-on-the-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-physical-health-and-mental-well-being-of-new-graduate-nurses
#6
David P Hrabe, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Jacalyn Buck, Loraine T Sinnott
Recognizing that transition from nursing student to point-of-care nurse can be a stressful time period in one's career. A pilot study at a large Midwestern medical center tested the preliminary effects of a health-oriented workshop, the Nurse Athlete, on new graduate nurses' healthy lifestyle beliefs, healthy lifestyle behaviors, depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as health outcomes. The Nurse Athlete workshop, provided in partnership with Johnson & Johnson's Human Performance Institute (HPI), used materials from HPI's Corporate Athlete program...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858008/school-start-time-effects-on-adolescent-learning-and-academic-performance-emotional-health-and-behaviour
#7
Kyla L Wahlstrom, Judith A Owens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The investigation of the relationship between the time of day that school begins and the effects it could have on students began in the mid-1990s. Since that time, many articles have been written either for the medical literature or the educational literature. This review is intended to bridge that gap by examining together the findings for both academic and health outcomes, exploring what we know and what is needed in further investigation. RECENT FINDINGS: Teens who are sleep deficient (defined as obtaining less than 8 h per night) because of early starting time for their school are much more likely to engage in risky behaviours, such as drug, cigarette and alcohol use, have significant feelings of depression, get lower grades and are at greater risk for car crashes...
August 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853327/medical-students-perception-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-discrimination-in-their-learning-environment-and-their-self-reported-comfort-level-for-caring-for-lgbt-patients-a-survey-study
#8
Nassr Nama, Paul MacPherson, Margaret Sampson, Hugh J McMillan
BACKGROUND: Historically, medical students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered (LGBT) report higher rates of social stress, depression, and anxiety, while LGBT patients have reported discrimination and poorer access to healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess if medical students have perceived discrimination in their learning environment and; (2) to determine self-reported comfort level for caring for LGBT patients. DESIGN: Medical students at the University of Ottawa (N = 671) were contacted via email and invited to complete a confidential web-based survey...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845407/the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-distress-and-associated-risk-factors-among-college-students-using-ghq-28-questionnaire
#9
Jalal Poorolajal, Ali Ghaleiha, Nahid Darvishi, Shahla Daryaei, Soheila Panahi
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adults are at increased risk of psychiatric distress and serious disability. We estimated the prevalence and associated risk factors of psychiatric distress among the college students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. METHODS: We performed this cross-sectional study, from Jan to May 2016 at Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Students filled out voluntarily an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, including demographic characteristics, personal information, behavioral risk factors, and a validated Persian version of the GHQ-28 questionnaire, including somatic symptoms (items 1-7), anxiety/insomnia (items 8-14), social dysfunctions (items 15-21), and severe depression (items 22-28)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837427/suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-prevalence-and-predictors
#10
Albina R Torres, Luana M Campos, Maria Cristina P Lima, Ana Teresa A Ramos-Cerqueira
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among medical students, second to car accidents. We investigated the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) among medical students in Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study with 475 medical students of a public university. The research protocol included data on sociodemographics and academic life, and structured instruments to assess social support and psychopathological symptoms, including the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The outcome was evaluated using the BDI suicide item...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812451/nonmedical-use-of-over-the-counter-medications-is-significantly-associated-with-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-university-students
#11
Vi T Le, Abigail Norris Turner, Anne McDaniel, Kenneth M Hale, Christina Athas, Nicole C Kwiek
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between nonmedical use of over-the-counter medications (NMUOTC) and nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD). PARTICIPANTS: University students surveyed on NMUOTC and NMUPD between August and December 2011 (N = 939). METHODS: Cross-sectional data analysis of online survey. RESULTS: The majority of respondents were women, undergraduate, Caucasian, and not affiliated with Greek life...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764273/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-psychiatric-inpatients-a-hospital-based-study-from-kashmir
#12
Tajamul Hussain, Mushtaq Ahmad Margoob, Sheikh Shoib, Mahak Shafat, Rajesh Kumar Chandel
INTRODUCTION: Over the last fifty years there has been dramatic change in the human environment, behaviours and way-of-life. These changes have resulted in escalating rates of metabolic syndrome not only in general population but also among people with mental illness. Various factors, like the lack of exercise, use of psychotropic medications and inadequate medical care leads to the increased risk of metabolic changes among people with mental illness. Hence, there is a greater need to evaluate metabolic syndrome in this population...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760538/schizotypy-is-associated-with-reduced-mnemonic-precision-in-visual-working-memory
#13
Weizhen Xie, Marcus Cappiello, Hyung-Bum Park, Patricia Deldin, Raymond C K Chan, Weiwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Working memory (WM) maintains a limited amount of information over a short period of time at the service of other ongoing mental activities. Deficits in this function are often observed in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The present study examined whether self-report schizotypy was associated with the qualitative, quantitative, or both aspects of visual WM and whether these impairments could be accounted for by sensory memory deficits and/or depressed mood in a group of non-clinical, medication-naïve participants...
July 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756132/effects-of-depression-diabetes-distress-diabetes-self-efficacy-and-diabetes-self-management-on-glycemic-control-among-chinese-population-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Keke Lin, Chang Park, Mingzi Li, Xiudong Wang, Xiushu Li, Wei Li, Laurie Quinn
AIM: To examine the direct and indirect effects of depression, diabetes distress, diabetes self-efficacy and diabetes self-management on glycemic control among a group of T2DM patients in China. METHOD: A convenience sample of 254 participants were selected from three outpatient departments in Beijing, China. They were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Diabetes-related information was retrieved from their medical records. Descriptive statistics, independent student t tests, Chi-square tests, correlation analyses and Generalized Structural Equation Modeling were used...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753050/symptoms-of-depression-and-adhd-in-relation-to-stimulant-medication-misuse-among-college-students
#15
Kari Benson, Kate Flory
BACKGROUND: The misuse of stimulant medications, commonly used for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is a concern on college campuses. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the relations between the misuse of stimulant medications and symptoms of depression and ADHD. METHOD: Eight hundred and ninety students ages 18-26 from one public university took a web-based survey including rating scales measuring symptoms of depression and ADHD...
July 28, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744234/on-hearing-voices-and-seeing-things-probing-hallucination-predisposition-in-a-portuguese-nonclinical-sample-with-the-launay-slade-hallucination-scale-revised
#16
Paula Castiajo, Ana P Pinheiro
The experience of hallucinations is a hallmark of psychotic disorders, but they are also present in other psychiatric and medical conditions, and may be reported in nonclinical individuals. Despite the increased number of studies probing the incidence of nonclinical hallucinations, the underlying phenomenological characteristics are still poorly understood. This study aimed to examine the psychometrics proprieties of the Portuguese adaptation of the 16-item Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale (LSHS), the phenomenological characteristics of nonclinical hallucinatory experiences in a Portuguese sample, and the relationship between clinical symptoms and hallucination predisposition...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736572/an-index-to-characterize-female-career-promotion-in-academic-medicine
#17
Dörthe Brüggmann, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in female career promotion are a key factor of gender disparities at the workplace. They may lead to stress and stress-related diseases including burnout, depression or cardiovascular diseases. Since this problem cannot be generalized and varies between different fields, new approaches are needed to assess and describe the magnitude of the problem in single fields of work. METHODS: To construct a new index, operating figures of female and male medical students were collected for Germany in a period over 15 years and their progression throughout their studies towards specialization and academic chair positions...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#18
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#19
REVIEW
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712190/anxiety-and-depression-in-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college
#20
Nadia Azad, Afshan Shahid, Nadeem Abbas, Azra Shaheen, Nargis Munir
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the common mental disorders with a prevalence of 10-44% in developing countries and is the fourth leading cause of morbidity. Undergraduate medical studies are generally perceived to be more stressful for the students as compared to other undergraduate programs as students have to undergo strenuous curriculum and evaluation which may lead to many emotional stresses that may end with psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anxiety and depression in medical students of Foundation University Medical College (FUMC), Islamabad...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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