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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742115/mind-wandering-during-attention-performance-effects-of-adhd-inattention-symptomatology-negative-mood-ruminative-response-style-and-working-memory-capacity
#1
Lisa M Jonkman, C Rob Markus, Michael S Franklin, Jens H van Dalfsen
OBJECTIVE: In adulthood, depressive mood is often comorbid with ADHD, but its role in ADHD-inattentiveness and especially relations with mind wandering remains to be elucidated. This study investigated the effects of laboratory-induced dysphoric mood on task-unrelated mind wandering and its consequences on cognitive task performance in college students with high (n = 46) or low (n = 44) ADHD-Inattention symptomatology and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity symptoms in the normal range. METHODS: These non-clinical high/low ADHD-Inattention symptom groups underwent negative or positive mood induction after which mind wandering frequency was measured in a sustained attention (SART), and a reading task...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741646/aggressiveness-in-depression-a-neglected-symptom-possibly-associated-with-bipolarity-and-mixed-features
#2
N Verdolini, G Perugi, L Samalin, A Murru, J Angst, J-M Azorin, C L Bowden, S Mosolov, A H Young, M Barbuti, G Guiso, D Popovic, E Vieta, I Pacchiarotti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate aggressiveness during a major depressive episode (MDE) and its relationship with bipolar disorder (BD) in a post hoc analysis of the BRIDGE-II-MIX study. METHOD: A total of 2811 individuals were enrolled in this multicenter cross-sectional study. MDE patients with (MDE-A, n = 399) and without aggressiveness (MDE-N, n = 2412) were compared through chi-square test or Student's t-test. A stepwise backward logistic regression model was performed...
July 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738884/health-status-and-health-behaviors-among-citizen-endurance-nordic-skiers-in-the-united-states
#3
Paul J Anderson, Ralph S Bovard, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Timothy J Beebe, Zhen Wang
BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese (69%) placing them at high risk for a wide array of chronic diseases. Physical activity anchors most approaches to obesity prevention and weight management, but physical activity levels remain low in the general US population. As a group, citizen athletes who compete in Nordic skiing events such as the American Birkebeiner participate in fitness cultures that promote physical activity. METHODS: During October-November 2014, we emailed a 48 question online survey to 23,611 individuals who had participated in the American Birkebeiner ski event, the largest citizen ski race in North America...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738407/pain-and-learning-in-primary-school-a-population-based-study
#4
Silja Kosola, Lisa K Mundy, Susan M Sawyer, Louise Canterford, Danielle A van der Windt, Kate M Dunn, George C Patton
Despite the frequency of pain among children, little is known about its effects on learning and school outcomes. The objective of this study was to quantify the association of pain and academic achievement while taking into account the presence of co-occurring emotional symptoms. A population-based stratified random sample of 1239 students aged 8 to 9 years from primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, was recruited for the Childhood to Adolescence Transition Study. Children indicated sites of pain that had lasted for a day or longer in the past month using a pain manikin...
June 21, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737190/-validation-of-the-general-help-seeking-questionnaire-for-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#5
Cecilia Olivari, Mónica Guzmán-González
Help-seeking behavior is a protective factor in young people, essential for their mental health, well-being and development. However, some adolescents do not seek professional help when they need to. In this context, it is relevant to study the help-seeking behavior for mental health problems in adolescent population. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the general help-seeking questionnaire for mental health problems in Chilean adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional and correlational study of a non-random sample of 793 adolescent students, between 14 and 19 years old, from the city of Talca (Chile)...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736572/an-index-to-characterize-female-career-promotion-in-academic-medicine
#6
Dörthe Brüggmann, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in female career promotion are a key factor of gender disparities at the workplace. They may lead to stress and stress-related diseases including burnout, depression or cardiovascular diseases. Since this problem cannot be generalized and varies between different fields, new approaches are needed to assess and describe the magnitude of the problem in single fields of work. METHODS: To construct a new index, operating figures of female and male medical students were collected for Germany in a period over 15 years and their progression throughout their studies towards specialization and academic chair positions...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735929/electrophysiological-and-microstructural-features-of-sleep-in%C3%A2-children%C3%A2-at-high-risk-for-depression-a-preliminary-study
#7
Gianluca Sesso, Flora Bat-Pitault, Aurore Guyon, Sabine Plancoulaine, Tommaso Banfi, Giulia Milioli, Liborio Parrino, Ugo Faraguna, Patricia Franco
OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study investigated electrophysiological and microstructural features of sleep in children and adolescents 4-18 years of age who were born to depressed mothers. METHODS: A total of 31 healthy subjects (15 male and 16 female) participated in the study. In this sample, 20 children born to mothers diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) were designated as "high-risk"; 11 children born to mothers without a personal history of depression were designated as "low-risk...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#8
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#9
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730634/does-perceived-stress-moderate-the-association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-socioemotional-and-behavioural-strengths-and-difficulties-in-adolescence
#10
Alexander Lätsch
More and more students report high level of perceived stress during childhood and adolescence, which is associated with socioemotional and behavioural strengths and difficulties. This study aims-based on the cognitive vulnerability-transactional stress theory-to examine perceived stress in early adolescence as a potential moderator in the association between depressive symptoms and socioemotional and behavioural strengths and difficulties from early to middle adolescence. Results of latent moderated structural equations with questionnaire data from a longitudinal study with 1,088 German students (Time 1: Mage  = 13...
July 21, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728645/elevated-behavioral-economic-demand-for-alcohol-in-a-community-sample-of-heavy-drinking-smokers
#11
Michael Amlung, James MacKillop, Peter M Monti, Robert Miranda
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smokers are more likely to consume alcohol at higher levels and experience poorer response to treatment for alcohol problems than are nonsmokers. One previous study in university students suggests that a potential reason for the high overlap between alcohol and tobacco use is that concurrent smoking is associated with overvaluation of alcohol, as reflected in elevated behavioral economic demand. The present study sought to extend these initial findings in a community sample with heavier levels of alcohol and tobacco use...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726513/effects-of-depression-and-past-year-binge-drinking-on-cognitive-control-processes-during-a-flanker-task-in-college-aged-adults
#12
Arin M Connell, Sarah Danzo, Glen Dawson
BACKGROUND: Recent but largely separate literatures have examined neurocognitive alterations related to both depression and binge drinking, suggesting similar patterns of impairments in attention control and decisional processes. However, depression and problematic alcohol use tend to co-occur, and few studies have examined whether cognitive processing effects of depression and binge drinking are independent or interacting. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined joint effects of depressive symptoms and past-year binge drinking on cognitive processing (measured via EEG assessment)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726481/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-modular-active-learning-training-program-for-behavioral-activation-for-depression
#13
Ajeng J Puspitasari, Jonathan W Kanter, Andrew M Busch, Rachel Leonard, Shira Dunsiger, Shawn Cahill, Christopher Martell, Kelly Koerner
OBJECTIVE: This randomized-controlled trial assessed the efficacy of a trainer-led, active-learning, modular, online behavioral activation (BA) training program compared with a self-paced online BA training with the same modular content. METHOD: Seventy-seven graduate students (M = 30.3 years, SD = 6.09; 76.6% female) in mental health training programs were randomly assigned to receive either the trainer-led or self-paced BA training. Both trainings consisted of 4 weekly sessions covering 4 core BA strategies...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726284/alexithymia-among-jordanian-university-students-its-prevalence-and-correlates-with-depression-anxiety-stress-and-demographics
#14
Shaher H Hamaideh
PURPOSE: The aim of the article is to identify the prevalence, levels, and associated factors of alexithymia among Jordanian university students. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using stratified cluster random sampling, data were collected from 492 students using Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). FINDINGS: The prevalence of alexithymia, depression, anxiety, and stress were 24.6, 28.5, 38.4, and 22...
July 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724853/school-based-interventions-aimed-at-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-adolescents-affected-by-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-three-year-longitudinal-study
#15
Junko Okuyama, Shunichi Funakoshi, Hiroaki Tomita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Hiroo Matsuoka
How natural disasters affect the psychological state of adolescents has not been well studied. Thus, we examined the effect of a natural disaster on high-school-aged youth and considered the most effective forms of support following such a disaster. We examined students from two high schools that were near the epicenter of the 9.0-magnitude Great East Japan Earthquake, which struck the Tohoku coastal area on March 11, 2011, causing severe damage to the region. The questionnaires measuring depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress reaction (PTSR) was administered to the students 3 times between July 2012 and August 2014; students who scored above the cut-off values of these measures were considered high-risk students...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723909/reliability-convergent-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-dass-21-in-a-sample-of-vietnamese-adolescents
#16
Minh Thi Hong Le, Thach Duc Tran, Sara Holton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To assess the internal consistency, latent structure and convergent validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) among adolescents in Vietnam. METHOD: An anonymous, self-completed questionnaire was conducted among 1,745 high school students in Hanoi, Vietnam between October, 2013 and January, 2014. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess the latent structure of the DASS-21. Factorial invariance between girls and boys was examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#17
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719830/relationship-between-psychological-inflexibility-and-experiential-avoidance-and-internet-addiction-mediating-effects-of-mental-health-problems
#18
Wei-Po Chou, Kun-Hua Lee, Chih-Hung Ko, Tai-Ling Liu, Ray C Hsiao, Hsiu-Fen Lin, Cheng-Fang Yen
Internet addiction became a major mental health problem in college student. Our objective was to examine the relationship between psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance (PIEA) and Internet addiction (IA) and the mediating effects of mental health problem indicators. 500 college students (238 men and 262 women) participated in this study. The level of PIEA was examined using the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II. The severity of IA was assessed using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. The levels of depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, and hostility were evaluated using the Symptom Checklist-90 item-Revised Scale...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#19
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718053/family-interdependence-spiritual-perspective-self-transcendence-and-depression-among-korean-college-students
#20
Suk-Sun Kim, R David Hayward, Minji Gil
The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms that might account for the effects of spirituality and self-transcendence on Korean college students' depression among 197 Korean fathers, mothers, and children. A structural equation analysis indicated that spiritual perspective related to lower depression through the mediating pathway of self-transcendence for individuals. Mothers' spiritual perspective and self-transcendence related to their children's depression through the mediating pathway of their own depression, but the same was not true for fathers...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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