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Student depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550444/illness-perception-is-a-strong-parameter-on-anxiety-and-depression-scores-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-survivors-a-single-center-cross-sectional-study-of-turkish-patients
#1
Tulay Kus, Gokmen Aktas, Hatice Ekici, Gulcin Elboga, Sabire Djamgoz
BACKGROUND: Illness perception has been suggested to have a significant effect on anxiety and depression in cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate this on Turkish breast cancer patients with follow-up periods up to 12 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 225 patients (with 6 months to 12 years follow-up) were recruited in this cross-sectional study. The patients were divided into three groups of follow-up: 6 months-2 years, 2-5 years, and >5 years...
May 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544955/associations-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-emotional-symptoms-with-the-subjective-effects-of-alcohol-cigarettes-and-cannabis-in-adolescents
#2
Raina D Pang, Casey R Guillot, Michael J Zvolensky, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Adam M Leventhal
Maladaptive emotional traits (anxiety sensitivity [AS], fear of anxiety-related sensations and consequences) and symptoms (major depressive disorder [MDD] and generalized anxiety disorder [GAD] symptoms) could play a role in altering sensitivity to the subjective effects of drugs of abuse in adolescents. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of high school students in Los Angeles, CA, USA who completed surveys and reported past six-month use of alcohol (n=1054), cigarettes (n=297), or cannabis (n=706). At each of the four semi-annual waves during mid-adolescence (14-16years old), students reported positive and negative subjective drug effects experienced in the prior six-months...
May 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541765/explaining-intentions-to-seek-help-for-depressive-symptoms-in-the-context-of-responsibility-message-framing
#3
Jennifer Lueck, Marco Yzer
U.S. college students are disproportionally affected by depression but typically do not seek help. To advance understanding of the role of health messages in shaping college students' help-seeking intentions, we used a reasoned action approach to experimentally investigate help-seeking intentions for depressive symptoms. Due to negative interpretation biases among those who suffer from depression, scholars have previously warned against attempts to decrease feelings of responsibility for one's depression in health messages...
May 25, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#4
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539957/the-relationship-of-sexual-abuse-with-self-esteem-depression-and-problematic-internet-use-in-korean-adolescents
#5
Bung-Nyun Kim, Subin Park, Min-Hyeon Park
The association of sexual victimization with self-esteem, depression, and problematic internet use was examined in Korean adolescents. A total of 695 middle and high school students were recruited (413 boys, 282 girls, mean age, 14.06±1.37 years). The participants were administered the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETISR-SF), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT). The associations between sexual abuse and the level of self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and problematic internet use were analyzed...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538810/factors-associated-with-smoking-initiation-among-school-aged-adolescents
#6
Carolina de Castilhos Teixeira, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Isabel Cristina Echer
Objective: To identify factors associated with smoking initiation in adolescent secondary school students. Method: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2014 with 864 adolescents at a secondary school in southern Brazil. Data were collected using an instrument with sociodemographic questions, application of the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory, and analysed using descriptive statistics, Fisher's Exact test, Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney's test, and the Poisson Regression test...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535848/potential-predictors-of-injury-among-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#7
Rebecca K Yau, Yvonne M Golightly, David B Richardson, Cristin D Runfola, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
Injuries occur frequently among ballet and contemporary dancers. However, limited literature exists on injuries to pre-professional dancers in the USA. The goals of this study were to 1. provide a descriptive epidemiology of the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in an adolescent and young adult dance population and 2. identify parsimonious regression models that could be potentially used to predict injury incidence. The study was based at the University of North Carolina School of the Arts (UNCSA) from Fall 2009 to Spring 2015...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535753/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-and-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-%C3%A2-a-cross-sectional-study-of-norwegian-secondary-school-students
#8
Espen Lund Johannessen, Helle Wessel Andersson, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Kristine Pape
BACKGROUND: We investigated the associations between symptoms of anxiety and depression and alcohol drinking behavior among adolescents, by focusing on the importance of symptom load, as well as gender differences. METHODS: Data was derived from a cross-sectional school based survey among adolescents in upper secondary schools in Norway. Among other variables adolescents reported on symptoms of anxiety and depression, time of onset and extent of alcohol use. The sample consisted of 6238 adolescents aged 16-18 years...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535449/the-center-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-ces-d-measurement-equivalence-across-gender-groups-in-hispanic-college-students
#9
Consuelo Arbona, Andrea Burridge, Norma Olvera
BACKGROUND: This study examined among Hispanic college students the factor structure and gender measurement invariance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. The CES-D's original 20 item four-factor model was compared to a recently proposed 14 item, three-factor model. METHODS: Participants included 858 Hispanic undergraduates at an ethnically diverse, major research, urban, public university in the Southwest United States (U.S.). Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) and structural equation modeling were used to examine the factor structure, gender invariance, and construct validity of the CES-D scores...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533571/local-infiltration-of-tramadol-versus-bupivacaine-for-post-cesarean-section-pain-control-a-double-blind-randomized-study
#10
Mohammad Ali Sahmeddini, Simin Azemati, Ehsan Masoudi Motlagh
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain control after cesarean section (C/S) is important because inadequate postoperative pain control can result in a prolonged hospital stay. In this study, we compared postoperative somatic wound pain control between patients receiving tramadol and bupivacaine, infiltrated at the wound site. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 98 patients, eligible for elective C/S under general anesthesia, were randomly allocated to 2 groups. Before wound closure, 20 cc of 0...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532259/ethnic-differences-in-response-to-directive-vs-non-directive-brief-intervention-for-subsyndromal-depression
#11
David Pan, Stanley J Huey, Lara H Heflin
OBJECTIVE: Analog research suggests that directive interventions might increase treatment engagement for non-symptomatic Asian American (AA) students; however, no studies have assessed whether directiveness improves therapy processes or clinical outcomes for AAs with mental health symptoms. This study tested the comparative efficacy of brief directive vs. non-directive intervention for AAs and European Americans (EAs) with subsyndromal depression. METHOD: Participants were randomly assigned directive, non-directive, or cultural values interview conditions, and assessed three times over six months...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530335/-physical-symptoms-among-female-israeli-medical-students-the-effect-of-depression-and-social-support
#12
Tal Peleg-Sagy
INTRODUCTION: Female physicians, residents and medical students commonly suffer from stress. In a preliminary study, high levels of depressive symptoms were found among female medical students at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether social support moderates the effect of depressive symptoms on physical symptoms. METHODS: A total of 145 female medical students and residents from all the Israeli medical schools were assessed regarding their depressive symptoms, social support and physical symptoms...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527683/association-of-val66met-polymorphism-at-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-with-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-after-wenchuan-earthquake-an-18months-longitudinal-study
#13
Mei Fan, Rong Hui Li, Min Shan Hu, Li Ying Xiao, Xue Dong Zhou, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
To longitudinally investigate the association of Val66Met polymorphism at brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (BDNF) with depression in Chinese Han adolescents after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, BDNF Val66Met was identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18months after the earthquake. The results showed that the females constantly had higher depression prevalence than the males during the follow-up in the Met allele carriers, but not in the Val/Val homozygotes...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527273/-reliability-and-dimensionality-of-phq-9-in-screening-depression-symptoms-among-health-science-students-in-cartagena-2014
#14
Carlos Arturo Cassiani-Miranda, María Camila Vargas-Hernández, Eduard Pérez-Anibal, Mariana Isabel Herazo-Bustos, Mauricio Hernández-Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: Depression among university students must be screened with valid instruments. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is reliable and valid for screening depression in a university context; however, its psychometric performance in Colombia is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the reliability and dimensionality of PHQ-9 as a screening instrument for depressive symptoms among health sciences students of a university in Cartagena, Colombia.Materials y methods: We analyzed the factorial structure and reliability of the PHQ-9 in a sample of 550 students for expected prevalence of clinically-meaningful depressive symptoms (CMDS) of 25% with a confidence level of 95% and an error level of 3%...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526260/relationships-between-school-start-time-sleep-duration-and-adolescent-behaviors
#15
Kyla L Wahlstrom, Aaron T Berger, Rachel Widome
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were 2-fold: (1) to examine how high school start times relate to adolescent sleep duration, and (2) to test associations between sleep duration and mental health- and substance use-related issues and behaviors in teens. DESIGN: This study examines selected questions from survey data collected between 2010 and 2013 high school students. SETTING: Respondents included more than 9000 students in grades 9 to 12 in 8 high schools in 5 school districts across the United States...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526257/sleep-quality-and-psychological-distress-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-nigerian-university
#16
Champion Tobi Seun-Fadipe, Kolawole Samuel Mosaku
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the sleep quality of undergraduate students in a Nigerian University, to determine its association with psychological distress, and to evaluate some of the factors associated with poor sleep quality among the students. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among the undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The multistage sampling method was used to select 520 study participants, and a self-administered instrument including a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index, General Health Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale was administered...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523593/emotion-oriented-coping-increases-the-risk-of-depression-among-caregivers-of-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#17
Paulo Roberto Santos, Ítala Mônica de Sales Santos, João Laerte Alves de Freitas Filho, Carlos Wellington Macha, Priscila Garcia Câmara Cabral Tavares, Ana Cláudia de Oliveira Portela, Ana Mayara Barros Campos, Ana Raquel Ferreira de Azevedo, Catarine Cavalcante Ary, Felipe Peixoto Nobre, Jamille Fernandes Carneiro, Yandra Maria Gomes Pontes
PURPOSE: We investigated the possible association between coping style and depressive feelings among caregivers of end-stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: We studied 107 main caregivers of hemodialysis patients. Main caregiver was defined as the person on whom the patient counts for daily care or the one the patient calls upon in case of difficulties. Demographic data of caregivers and clinical data of patients were collected. The Jalowiec Coping Scale was applied to score two styles of coping: problem-oriented coping (POC) and emotion-oriented coping (EOC)...
May 18, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521266/neural-mechanisms-of-reward-processing-associated-with-depression-related-personality-traits
#18
Akina Umemoto, Clay B Holroyd
OBJECTIVE: Although impaired reward processing in depression has been well-documented, the exact nature of that deficit remains poorly understood. To investigate the link between depression and the neural mechanisms of reward processing, we examined individual differences in personality. METHODS: We recorded the electroencephalogram from healthy college students engaged in a probabilistic reinforcement learning task. Participants also completed several personality questionnaires that assessed traits related to reward sensitivity, motivation, and depression...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515549/evaluation-of-modified-patient-health-questionnaire-9-teen-in-south-african-adolescents
#19
Shilpa Aggarwal, Lian Taljard, Zane Wilson, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: This report describes the findings of the survey conducted by South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) in a cohort of disadvantaged South African adolescent scholars in which PHQ-9 teen version was modified and adapted (PHQ-9M) to improve the response rate. METHOD: PHQ-9M was administered to 2025 secondary students of 35 schools over 2 years in Gauteng Province, South Africa. RESULTS: The mean age was 15.8 years. 23% of respondents scored 9 or above, 26...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513765/factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-among-university-students
#20
Hugo Gedeon Barros Dos Santos, Samira Reschetti Marcon, Mariano Martínez Espinosa, Makilin Nunes Baptista, Paula Mirianh Cabral de Paulo
Objective: to analyze the factors associated with suicidal ideation in a representative sample of university students. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out with 637 students of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. The presence of suicidal ideation, demographic and socioeconomic variables, use of alcohol through the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test, and depressive symptoms (Major Depression Inventory) were investigated. Bivariate analysis was performed with the Chi-square test and multivariate analysis using the Poisson regression model...
May 15, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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