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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942238/transgender-youth-substance-use-disparities-results-from-a-population-based-sample
#1
Jack K Day, Jessica N Fish, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Stephen T Russell
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine rates of substance use between transgender and nontransgender youth using a representative population-based sample and to examine mediating risk factors. METHODS: A statewide cross-sectional sample of California middle and high schools collected between 2013 and 2015. This representative sample of students in California included 335 transgender and 31,737 nontransgender youth. Using multivariate linear and logistic regression, we assessed differences between transgender and nontransgender youth in substance use behaviors related to alcohol, cigarette, marijuana, other illicit drugs, polysubstance use, and heavy episodic drinking...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940059/pilot-design-and-implementation-of-an-innovative-mental-health-and-wellness-clinic-at-a-historically-black-college-university
#2
Jessica R Moore, David E Pollio, Barry A Hong, Celeste Valencia, Michael Sorrell, Carol S North
A pilot mental health and wellness clinic was developed and implemented on the campus of Paul Quinn College, a small Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in Dallas, TX, to address mental health disparities in an African-American student population. Additionally, a series of student engagement activities was developed and implemented to address stigma and enhance linkage to the clinic. The student engagement activities were well attended. In all, 14 students requested a total of 97 appointments during the spring 2016 semester, but attended only 41 appointments...
September 22, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939188/neural-and-psychological-characteristics-of-college-students-with-alcoholic-parents-differ-depending-on-current-alcohol-use
#3
Kathleen A Brown-Rice, Jamie L Scholl, Kelene A Fercho, Kami Pearson, Noah A Kallsen, Gareth E Davies, Erik A Ehli, Seth Olson, Amy Schweinle, Lee A Baugh, Gina L Forster
A significant proportion of college students are adult children of an alcoholic parent (ACoA), which can confer greater risk of depression, poor self-esteem, alcohol and drug problems, and greater levels of college attrition. However, some ACoA are resilient to these negative outcomes. The goal of this study was to better understand the psychobiological factors that distinguish resilient and vulnerable college-aged ACoAs. To do so, scholastic performance and psychological health were measured in ACoA college students not engaged in hazardous alcohol use (resilient) and those currently engaged in hazardous alcohol use (vulnerable)...
September 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937938/anxiety-and-depression-among-college-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-cross-informant-sex-and-subtype-differences
#4
Jason M Nelson, Spencer W Liebel
OBJECTIVE: This study examined symptoms of anxiety and depression among college students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected between March 2011 and March 2016 from 150 college students with ADHD and 150 college students without ADHD. METHOD: Participants with ADHD were compared to a sex- and ethnicity-matched control group. For the ADHD group, parent and self-report of anxiety and depression were also compared...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937937/self-compassion-and-suicidal-behavior-in-college-students-serial-indirect-effects-via-depression-and-wellness-behaviors
#5
Jessica Kelliher Rabon, Fuschia M Sirois, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVE: College students may be at heightened risk for suicide and suicidal behavior due to maladaptive cognitive-emotional factors and failure to practice basic health behaviors. However, self-compassion and wellness behaviors may protect against risk. The relation between self-compassion and suicidal behavior and the contributing roles of depressive symptoms and wellness behaviors was examined. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 365 undergraduate students. Data was collected in April 2015...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937921/internalizing-risk-factors-for-college-students-alcohol-use-a-combined-person-and-variable-centered-approach
#6
Stephanie E Wemm, Stephanie M Ernestus, Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Renata Vaysman, Edelgard Wulfert, Allen C Israel
BACKGROUND: Most studies that investigate internalizing problems (i.e., depression and anxiety symptoms) and alcohol use disorders use variable-centered approaches, losing important information about differences among individuals. OBJECTIVES: To group college students by different profiles of alcohol-use risk factors using a person-centered cluster analysis in two separate samples. METHODS: Questionnaires were used in both studies to assess positive expectancies regarding alcohol use, coping motives for alcohol use, and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
September 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936065/high-frequency-of-depressive-symptoms-among-adults-with-epilepsy-results-from-a-hospital-based-study
#7
Syam C Chandrasekharan, Vikas Menon, Vaibhav Wadwekar, Pradeep Pankajakshan Nair
CONTEXT: Assessment of comorbid burden of depression and associated factors among adult people living with epilepsy (PWE) has the potential to inform clinical evaluation and management to improve outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine frequency of depressive symptoms and factors associated with it among PWE attending a tertiary care hospital. SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted in the outpatient clinic of a tertiary care center...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935430/-health-care-needs-and-barriers-in-seeking-medical-care-for-global-health-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-students-from-f%C3%A3-lix-houphou%C3%A3-t-boigny-university-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#8
M Inghels, P A Coffie, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling...
September 18, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935385/digital-self-harm-among-adolescents
#9
Justin W Patchin, Sameer Hinduja
PURPOSE: Despite increased media and scholarly attention to digital forms of aggression directed toward adolescents by their peers (e.g., cyberbullying), very little research has explored digital aggression directed toward oneself. "Digital self-harm" is the anonymous online posting, sending, or otherwise sharing of hurtful content about oneself. The current study examined the extent of digital self-harm among adolescents. METHODS: Survey data were obtained in 2016 from a nationally representative sample of 5,593 American middle and high school students (12-17 years old)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931387/psychological-distress-among-medical-students-in-conflicts-a-cross-sectional-study-from-syria
#10
Tareq Al Saadi, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Tarek Turk, Fatima Abbas, Mahmoud Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medical education can be a time of great psychological distress for students. The ongoing Syrian conflict represents an additional factor potentially contributing to poor mental health among medical students. Studies revealed high levels of psychological distress among Syrians. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students at Damascus University during this period of war. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) in addition to questions about demographic and financial characteristics, and questions about the effects of the ongoing war on the participants' lives...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931304/racial-discrimination-binge-drinking-and-negative-drinking-consequences-among-black-college-students-serial-mediation-by-depressive-symptoms-and-coping-motives
#11
Jessica M Desalu, Jueun Kim, Michelle J Zaso, Sydnee R Corriders, Jacoby A Loury, Monique L Minter, Aesoon Park
OBJECTIVES: Experiences of racial discrimination have been associated with diverse negative health outcomes among racial minorities. However, extant findings of the association between racial discrimination and alcohol behaviors among Black college students are mixed. The current study examined mediating roles of depressive symptoms and coping drinking motives in the association of perceived racial discrimination with binge drinking and negative drinking consequences. DESIGN: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of Black college students attending a predominantly White institution in the northeastern US (N = 251, 66% female, mean age = 20 years)...
September 21, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928493/associations-between-low-back-pain-and-depression-and-somatization-in-a-canadian-emerging-adult-population
#12
David Robertson, Dinesh Kumbhare, Paul Nolet, John Srbely, Genevieve Newton
INTRODUCTION: The association between depression, somatization and low back pain has been minimally investigated in a Canadian emerging adult population. METHODS: 1013 first year Canadian university students completed the Modified Zung Depression Index, the Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire, and a survey about low back pain frequency and intensity. Multinomial logistic regression was used to measure associations between low back pain and depression and somatization, both independently and co-occurring...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926906/the-influence-of-alexithymia-on-mobile-phone-addiction-the-role-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#13
Tingting Gao, Jiaomeng Li, Han Zhang, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Songli Mei
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is an important predictor of mobile phone addiction. Enhancing and improving college students' mental health can reduce the rate of mobile phone addiction. However, it is not clear about the role of depression, anxiety and stress in the relationship between college students' alexithymia and mobile phone addiction. METHODS: A total of 1105 college students were tested with the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and the Mobile Phone Addiction Index...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925799/factors-associated-with-marijuana-use-and-problems-among-college-students-in-colorado
#14
Kristina T Phillips, Michael M Phillips, Kerry D Duck
BACKGROUND: Past studies have shown that heavy marijuana use can impact student outcomes. Frequent use and misuse of marijuana have been associated with a range of psychological and personality factors in young adults, but there has been limited research focused on the college environment in states where marijuana has been legalized for recreational purposes. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether marijuana use and problems were associated with a range of demographic, personality, and psychological variables among college students at a midsized Colorado university...
September 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924013/reward-related-ventral-striatum-activity-buffers-against-the-experience-of-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-sleep-disturbances
#15
Reut Avinun, Adam Nevo, Annchen R Knodt, Maxwell L Elliott, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Sleep disturbances represent one risk factor for depression. Reward-related brain function, particularly the activity of the ventral striatum (VS), has been identified as a potential buffer against stress-related depression. We were therefore interested in testing whether reward-related VS activity would moderate the effect of sleep disturbances on depression in a large cohort of young adults. Data were available from 1129 university students (mean age 19.71 ± 1.25 years; 637 women) who completed a reward-related functional MRI task to assay VS activity and provided self-reports of sleep using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and symptoms of depression using a summation of the General Distress/Depression (GDD) and Anhedonic Depression (AD) subscales of the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire-short form...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923719/suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-in-institutions-of-higher-learning-a-latent-class-analysis
#16
Joel Bernanke, Hanga C Galfalvy, Maggie G Mortali, Laura A Hoffman, Christine Moutier, Charles B Nemeroff, Barbara H Stanley, Paula Clayton, Jill Harkavy-Friedman, Maria A Oquendo
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among undergraduate students, with an annual rate of 7.5 per 100,000. Suicidal behavior (SB) is complex and heterogeneous, which might be explained by there being multiple etiologies of SB. Data-driven identification of distinct at-risk subgroups among undergraduates would bolster this argument. We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) on survey data from a large convenience sample of undergraduates to identify subgroups, and validated the resulting latent class model on a sample of graduate students...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922098/the-interactive-effect-of-familial-acculturative-stress-and-hopelessness-on-suicidal-ideation-varies-by-immigration-status-among-college-students
#17
Robert Lane, Regina Miranda
OBJECTIVES: Based on acculturative family distancing theory, we examined whether familial acculturative stress interacted with hopelessness to predict suicidal ideation differentially among emerging adult immigrant versus non-immigrant college students. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 152 generationally and racially/ethnically diverse college students (42 immigrants) from 2012 to 2013. METHODS: Participants completed measures of hopelessness, depressive symptoms, ethnic identity, familial acculturative stress, and suicidal ideation...
September 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921576/rape-myth-acceptance-in-sexually-assaulted-adolescents-school-contexts-associations-with-depressed-mood-and-alcohol-use
#18
Emily R Dworkin, Stephanie N Sessarego, Samantha L Pittenger, Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard
High school students exposed to sexual assault (SA) are at risk for negative outcomes like depressed mood and high-risk drinking. Although evidence suggests that both social contexts and internalized stigma can affect recovery from SA, no research to date has directly examined the presence of stigma in social contexts such as high schools as a correlate of adjustment after SA. In this study, the self-reported rape myth acceptance (RMA) of 3080 students from 97 grade cohorts in 25 high schools was used to calculate grade-mean and school-mean RMA, which was entered into multilevel models predicting depressed mood and alcohol use among N = 263 SA survivors within those schools...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#19
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917440/neuroticism-and-quality-of-life-multiple-mediating-effects-of-smartphone-addiction-and-depression
#20
Tingting Gao, Yu-Tao Xiang, Han Zhang, Zhao Zhang, Songli Mei
The purposes of this study were to investigate the mediating effect of smartphone addiction and depression on neuroticism and quality of life. Self-reported measures of neuroticism, smart-phone addiction, depression, and quality of life were administered to 722 Chinese university students. Results showed smartphone addiction and depression were both significantly affected neuroticism and quality of life. The direct effect of neuroticism on quality of life was significant, and the chain-mediating effect of smartphone addiction and depression was also significant...
August 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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