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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644538/protective-factors-coping-appraisals-and-social-barriers-predict-mental-health-following-community-violence-a-prospective-test-of-social-cognitive-theory
#1
Andrew J Smith, Erika D Felix, Charles C Benight, Russell T Jones
This study tested social cognitive theory of posttraumatic adaptation in the context of mass violence, hypothesizing that pre-event protective factors (general self-efficacy and perceived social support) would reduce posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depression severity through boosting post-event coping self-efficacy appraisals (mediator). We qualified hypotheses by predicting that post-event social support barriers would disrupt (moderate) the health-promoting indirect effects of pre-event protective factors...
June 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643991/sleep-duration-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-adolescents-a-school-based-survey
#2
Chantal Stheneur, Marc Sznajder, Camille Spiry, Marianna Marcu Marin, Idir Ghout, Patricia Samb, Grégoire Benoist
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to assess the link between sleep duration, quality of life and depression in adolescents. The secondary objective was to study the sleeping behavior of a large sample of adolescents from different socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: Study subjects were high school students studying in or around Paris with a general, vocational or technological training background. A survey was conducted to evaluate the subject's perception of their own sleep, quality of life and depression...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642002/development-of-geriatric-mental-health-learning-objectives-for-medical-students-a-response-to-the-institute-of-medicine-2012-report
#3
Susan W Lehmann, William B Brooks, Dennis Popeo, Kirsten M Wilkins, Mary C Blazek
America is aging as the population of older adults increases. The shortage of geriatric mental health specialists means that most geriatric mental healthcare will be provided by physicians who do not have specialty training in geriatrics. The Institute of Medicine Report of 2012 highlighted the urgent need for development of national competencies and curricula in geriatric mental health for all clinicians. Virtually all physicians can expect to treat older patients with mental health symptoms, yet currently there are no widely accepted learning objectives in geriatric mental health specific for medical students...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639204/a-cross-national-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-teen-dating-violence-in-mexico-and-the-united-states
#4
Samantha Ludin, Jessika H Bottiani, Katrina Debnam, Mercedes Gabriela Orozco Solis, Catherine P Bradshaw
Involvement in dating violence has been linked with negative health outcomes including depressive symptomology, substance use, and later expressions of aggressing and victimizing behaviors. Less is known about the prevalence and mental health correlates of teen dating violence in countries like Mexico where adult partner violence is high. Additional research on teen dating violence is also needed, as it may be an important precursor to adult partner violence and linked to other mental health problems. The current study used self-report ratings to assess the similarities and differences in risk factors associated with dating violence among middle school students in Mexico and the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638209/comparative-analysis-of-results-from-a-cognitive-emotion-regulation-questionnaire-between-international-students-from-west-asia-and-xinjiang-college-students-in-china
#5
Hongxing Hu, Bahargul Alsron, Bin Xu, Wei Hao
BACKGROUND: The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) is a cognitive and emotional tool measuring how individuals deal with stressful life events. However differences exist in the results of CERQ among individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the CERQ results and depressive symptoms of students at our university (both local and international students) in order to provide further guidance for psychological interventions. METHODS: 255 sophomore and junior international students (171 male and 84 female) and 262 sophomore and junior Chinese students (124 male and 138 female) were investigated using CERQ, ASLEC and SDS questionnaires...
December 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#6
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636580/mediator-effects-of-positive-emotions-on-social-support-and-depression-among-adolescents-suffering-from-mobile-phone-addiction
#7
Menglong Li, Xia Jiang, Yujia Ren
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common mental disorder that is widely seen among adolescents suffering from mobile phone addiction. While it is well known that both positive emtions in adolescents wiotions and social support can have a positive impact by helping individuals to maintain a positive attitude, the correlation between positive emotions, social support, and depression among these adolescents remains to be investigated. This study examined the mediator effects of positive emotions on the relationship between social support and depression among adolescents suffering from mobile phone addiction...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#8
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632905/the-malleable-brain-plasticity-of-neural-circuits-and-behavior-a-review-from-students-to-students
#9
REVIEW
Natascha Schaefer, Carola Rotermund, Eva-Maria Blumrich, Mychael V Lourenco, Pooja Joshi, Regina U Hegemann, Sumit Jamwal, Nilufar Ali, Ezra Michelet García Romero, Sorabh Sharma, Shampa Ghosh, Jitendra K Sinha, Hannah Loke, Vishal Jain, Katarzyna Lepeta, Ahmad Salamian, Mahima Sharma, Mojtaba Golpich, Katarzyna Nawrotek, Ramesh K Paidi, Sheila M Shahidzadeh, Tetsade Piermartiri, Elham Amini, Veronica Pastor, Yvette Wilson, Philip A Adeniyi, Ashok K Datusalia, Benham Vafadari, Vedangana Saini, Edna Suárez-Pozos, Neetu Kushwah, Paula Fontanet, Anthony J Turner
One of the most intriguing features of the brain is its ability to be malleable, allowing it to adapt continually to changes in the environment. Specific neuronal activity patterns drive long-lasting increases or decreases in the strength of synaptic connections, referred to as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) respectively. Such phenomena have been described in a variety of model organisms, which are used to study molecular, structural, and functional aspects of synaptic plasticity...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626270/impact-of-a-student-pharmacist-driven-medication-reconciliation-and-antidepressant-treatment-history-project-at-a-depression-clinic-a-pilot-study
#10
Stella S Tang, Leanna Jaward, Kristen Ward, Sagar V Parikh, Jolene R Bostwick
OBJECTIVES: To improve treatment of patients with depression, a new pilot service project involving student pharmacists who would conduct medication reconciliation and review of antidepressant treatment history was created and evaluated. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A prospective study conducted at the University of Michigan Depression Center. PRINCIPAL OBSERVATIONS: From an initial sample of 78 referrals, 41 subjects were reached by phone, with 34 completing medication reconciliation and antidepressant treatment history...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624602/the-mediating-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-the-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-chinese-adolescents
#11
Juan Wang, Yan Xu, Lan Guo, Jian-Xiong Deng, Jing-Hui Huang, Guo-Liang Huang, Xue Gao, Hong Wu, Si-Yuan Pan, Ci-Yong Lu
BACKGROUND: The nature of the relationship between the non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and suicide has not been clearly elucidated. Some studies have suggested that the relationship between substance use and suicidal ideation may be spurious and could be explained by other variables. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed in Guangzhou. A total of 5853 students completed questionnaires and were included in the study. NMUPD, alcohol use, illicit drug use, depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and suicidal behaviors were assessed...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623769/the-promotive-effects-of-peer-support-and-active-coping-on-the-relationship-between-bullying-victimization-and-depression-among-chinese-boarding-students
#12
Xue-Qin Yin, Li-Hui Wang, Guo-Dong Zhang, Xiao-Bing Liang, Jason Li, Marc A Zimmerman, Jin-Liang Wang
We examined the relationship between bully victimization experience and depression in rural adolescents and analyzed the moderating roles of peer support and active coping in male and female students. The sample comprised N=755 adolescents (376 females) with a mean age of 13.52 years. Through structural model and multi-group analysis, the results indicated: (1) a significant gender difference on the positive association between bullying victimization and depression; (2) peer support had a directly negative effect on depression among all boarding adolescents; and (3) significant moderating effect of active coping on the association between victimization and depression, without significant gender difference...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622031/time-spent-on-social-network-sites-and-psychological-well-being-a-meta-analysis
#13
Chiungjung Huang
This meta-analysis examines the relationship between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being factors, namely self-esteem, life satisfaction, loneliness, and depression. Sixty-one studies consisting of 67 independent samples involving 19,652 participants were identified. The mean correlation between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being was low at r = -0.07. The correlations between time spent on social networking sites and positive indicators (self-esteem and life satisfaction) were close to 0, whereas those between time spent on social networking sites and negative indicators (depression and loneliness) were weak...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618312/the-effects-of-brief-individual-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-and-homesickness-among-international-students-in-malaysia
#14
Coumaravelou Saravanan, Alizi Alias, Mardiana Mohamad
BACKGROUND: Students who go to other countries for higher education face various psychological problems, particularly homesickness and depression. The objectives of this study were to: (a) identify differences between students who did and did not receive brief individual cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for depression to reduce homesickness; (b) identify whether brief individual CBT for depression reduces the level of homesickness in students between pre-, post- and follow-up assessment; and (c) compare the scores of students experiencing only homesickness and those experiencing both homesickness and depression...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618249/an-integrative-study-of-motivation-and-goal-regulation-processes-in-subclinical-anxiety-depression-and-hypomania
#15
Joanne M Dickson, Sheri Johnson, Christopher D Huntley, Andrew Peckham, Peter J Taylor
Research has implicated motivation and goal regulation in susceptibility to mood disorders. We studied for the first time key facets of motivation and goal regulation concurrently in relation to affective symptoms. The cross-national sample comprised 510 university students from the United States (n = 279) and United Kingdom (n = 231). Participants completed self-report measures of motivation, conditional goal setting, urgency, depression, anxiety, and mania risk. Structural Equation Modeling results found that behavioral activation system scores correlated negatively with depression and positively with mania risk, but were unrelated to anxiety...
June 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617949/anxiety-and-depression-among-school-students-in-jordan-prevalence-risk-factors-and-predictors
#16
Malakeh Z Malak, Anas H Khalifeh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression, examine their relationships with sociodemographic factors and Internet addiction, and identify their main predictors among Jordanian school students aged 12-18 years. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive correlational study was conducted on a random sample of 800 students from 10 public schools in Amman. Symptom Checklist-anxiety, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children, and Young's Internet Addiction Tool were used for the purpose...
June 15, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617173/premenstrual-syndrome-in-university-students-its-correlation-with-their-attitudes-toward-gender-roles
#17
Safiye Temel, Fusun Terzioglu, Gulten Isik Koc
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors causing premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are closely correlated with gender. Thus, this study's aim was to identify correlations between gender role attitudes (GRA) and PMS status of university students. METHODS: The participants of this descriptive study were 1515 female students from 13 departments of Hacettepe University using stratified sampling method. Data were collected between February and May 2014 using a semi-structured questionnaire, the Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS), and the Gender Roles Attitude Scale (GRAS)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617003/sexual-harassment-victimization-school-belonging-and-depressive-symptoms-among-lgbtq-adolescents-temporal-insights
#18
Tyler Hatchel, Dorothy L Espelage, Yuanhong Huang
Peer victimization and the associated poor outcomes among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth have been the focus of countless studies. School climate is a factor that has garnered significant attention. Perceptions of school contexts may even be mechanisms that define how victimization relates to poor outcomes. However, there is a lack of rigorous scholarship that could demonstrate directionality and therefore further augment our understanding of these relations. Specifically, it is not clear if victimization is strictly an antecedent to mental health issues like depressive symptoms...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616819/-safe-foods-or-fear-foods-the-implications-of-food-avoidance-in-college-students-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
C James, A Harrison, A Seixas, M Powell, S Pengpid, K Peltzer
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to explore if self-reported food avoidance (fats, carbohydrates and protein) exists among college students in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and its relationship with body mass index (BMI), dieting, mood/anxiety symptoms, physical activities and general health knowledge. METHODS: This study is a subset (N = 6096) of a larger 26 LMICs cross-sectional survey, which consisted of 21,007 college students. We ascertained socio-demographic information, food avoidance, physical activities, dieting behaviours, depressive and PTSD symptoms, and recorded anthropometric measurements...
June 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615762/prevalence-of-depression-among-school-going-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-bihar-india
#20
Kunal Kishor Jha, Satyajeet Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Chandramani Kumar, Pragya Kumar, Neeraj Aggrawal
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the under-recognized health problems in adolescents. Emotional instability resulted from childhood to adulthood transition makes adolescents vulnerable to depression. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among school-going adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2016 to June 2016 in adolescents studying in 9-12(th) standard from forty schools located in an urban area of Patna, Bihar...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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