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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#1
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145938/teacher-factors-contributing-to-dosage-of-the-kiva-anti-bullying-program
#2
Lauren E Swift, Julie A Hubbard, Megan K Bookhout, Stevie N Grassetti, Marissa A Smith, Michael T Morrow
The KiVa Anti-Bullying Program (KiVa) seeks to meet the growing need for anti-bullying programming through a school-based, teacher-led intervention for elementary school children. The goals of this study were to examine how intervention dosage impacts outcomes of KiVa and how teacher factors influence dosage. Participants included 74 teachers and 1409 4th- and 5th-grade students in nine elementary schools. Teachers and students completed data collection at the beginning and end of the school year, including measures of bullying and victimization, correlates of victimization (depression, anxiety, peer rejection, withdrawal, and school avoidance), intervention cognitions/emotions (anti-bullying attitudes, and empathy toward victims), bystander behaviors, and teacher factors thought to relate to dosage (self-efficacy for teaching, professional burnout, perceived principal support, expected effectiveness of KiVa, perceived feasibility of KiVa)...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145763/the-impact-of-students-with-left-behind-experiences-on-childhood-the-relationship-between-negative-life-events-and-depression-among-college-students-in-china
#3
Li Han, Sheng-Yu Zhao, Xuan-Ying Pan, Chuan-Jing Liao
BACKGROUND: The number of left-behind children in rural China has increased dramatically over the last decade. It is reported that about 21.88% of child population with an estimated number of 61 million are left-behind children whose parents leave them to work in cities. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the impacts of left-behind experience (LBE) on college students' depression and other influencing factors. AIM: This study discusses the mediation effect of self-esteem together with psychological resilience on college students with depression and negative life events of left-behind...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145524/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-signaling-in-trigeminal-ganglion-contributes-to-mechanical-hypersensitivity-in-masseter-muscle-during-temporomandibular-joint-inflammation
#4
Reio Ito, Masamichi Shinoda, Kuniya Honda, Kentaro Urata, Jun Lee, Mitsuru Maruno, Kumi Soma, Shinji Okada, Nobuhito Gionhaku, Koichi Iwata
AIMS: To determine the involvement of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) signaling in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) in the mechanical hypersensitivity of the masseter muscle during temporomandibular joint (TMJ) inflammation. METHODS: A total of 55 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Following injection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant into the TMJ, the mechanical sensitivities of the masseter muscle and the overlying facial skin were measured. Satellite glial cell (SGC) activation and TNFα expression in the TG were investigated immunohistochemically, and the effects of their inhibition on the mechanical hypersensitivity of the masseter muscle were also examined...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139185/mental-health-literacy-a-cross-cultural-study-of-american-and-chinese-bachelor-of-nursing-students
#5
Wei Liu, Ya-Min Li, Ying Peng
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students in the US and China have reported inadequate preparedness for practice in mental health nursing. It is important to investigate nursing students' mental health literacy levels for a better understanding of their practice readiness in mental health field upon completion of their education. AIM: This study was aimed at developing an understanding of American and Chinese nursing students' mental health literacy regarding the effectiveness of specific interventions for managing depression and schizophrenia...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135060/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-a-young-adult-population-and-its-association-with-psychological-and-functional-occlusal-parameters
#6
Hemant Maheshkumar Jivnani, Shuchi Tripathi, Rama Shanker, Balendra Pratap Singh, Kaushal Kishor Agrawal, Rameshwari Singhal
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in medical university students and to analyze the relationship of TMD with psychological and functional occlusal parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 students (mean age 21.81 ± 1.99) were screened for TMD with the TMD Pain Screener. Clinical examinations identified the participants with TMD. Based on their diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) axis I diagnosis, participants were divided into three groups: group 1- non-TMD, group 2- pain related TMD and headaches, and group 3- intra-articular joint disorders...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132951/school-based-health-centers-depression-and-suicide-risk-among-adolescents
#7
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin
INTRODUCTION: This study examined whether increasing availability of mental health services at school-based health centers in Oregon public schools would be associated with a decrease in the likelihood of depressive episodes and suicide risk among adolescents. METHODS: The study included 168 Oregon public schools that participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had a school-based health center, and 14 of those schools increased the availability of mental health services from 2013 to 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#8
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127079/effect-of-acupuncture-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-subacute-stroke-outcomes-a-single-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Jianqiao Fang, Crystal Lynn Keeler, Lifang Chen, Ruijie Ma, Chao Wang, Shouyu Xu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether integrative medicine, combining acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine with conventional rehabilitation during subacute stroke, is an effective comprehensive rehabilitation strategy for daily life activities, neurological deficits, motor dysfunction, cognitive impairment and depression. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial: patients were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation (CR) group or an integrative medicine rehabilitation (IMR) group with CR plus acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine...
November 10, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126919/school-based-mental-health-services-suicide-risk-and-substance-use-among-at-risk-adolescents-in-oregon
#10
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin
This study examined whether an increase in the availability of mental health services at school-based health centers (SBHCs) in Oregon public schools was associated with the likelihood of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and substance use behaviors among adolescents who experienced a depressive episode in the past year. The study sample included 168 Oregon public middle and high schools and 9073 students who participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey (OHT) in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had an SBHC, and 14 of those schools increased availability of mental health services from 2013 to 2015...
November 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126193/the-early-onset-of-distress-disorders-and-high-school-dropout-prospective-evidence-from-a-national-cohort-of-australian-adolescents
#11
Peter Butterworth, Liana S Leach
Prior research examining whether depression and anxiety lead to high school dropout is limited by a reliance on retrospective reports, the assessment of mental health at a single point in time (often remote from the time of high school exit) and omission of important measures of the social and familial environment. The current study addresses these limitations by analyzsing 8 waves of longitudinal data from a cohort of Australian adolescents (n = 1,057) in the Household Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey (2001-2008)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124497/parent-child-endorsement-discrepancies-among-youth-at-chronic-risk-for-depression
#12
Bridget A Makol, Antonio J Polo
Depression is one of the most common mental health problems among U.S. adolescents, particularly among Latinos. Parent-child ratings of the presence and severity of child depressive symptoms show only low-to-moderate agreement. However, research has failed to examine discrepancies in populations with the highest levels of unmet need and little is known about patterns and predictors of parent-child agreement in ratings of depressive symptoms among ethnic minority families in community settings. Using a sample of 184 low-income, predominantly Latino, 5th through 7th grade students (63...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122226/-relationship-between-personality-organization-and-the-prevalence-of-symptoms-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-university-students-in-health-careers-in-the-region-of-coquimbo-chile
#13
René Barraza López, Nadia Muñoz Navarro, Ana Contreras Astorga
OBJECTIVE: The literature reports a set of variables associated with depression, anxiety and stress in health career students. The only one of these that could have a constant input is the structure of personality organisation. The present study aims to determine the relationship between the dimensions of personality organization and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms reported by first-year university health career students. METHODS: Under a non-experimental ex-post-facto design, the personality organisation was evaluated in 235 1st year university, medical, nursing, and kinesiology from three universities of La Serena and Coquimbo (Chile)...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121529/an-examination-of-heavy-drinking-depressed-mood-drinking-related-constructs-and-consequences-among-high-risk-college-students-using-a-person-centered-approach
#14
Irene M Geisner, Kimberly Mallett, Lindsey Varvil-Weld, Sarah Ackerman, Bradley M Trager, Rob Turrisi
INTRODUCTION: Research has identified college students who experience depressed mood and consume alcohol are at an increased risk for experiencing alcohol problems. The present study identified profiles of differential alcohol use, depression, key psychosocial indicators of drinking (e.g., normative perceptions) and examined the relationship between these profiles and alcohol-related consequences. METHOD: Students with a history of risky drinking and elevated depressed mood (n=311; 62...
October 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120207/stigma-mental-health-and-counseling-service-use-a-person-centered-approach-to-mental-health-stigma-profiles
#15
Ivan H C Wu, Geoff J Bathje, Zornitsa Kalibatseva, DukHae Sung, Frederick T L Leong, Jan Collins-Eaglin
The current study examined reports of stigma toward mental health services, depressive symptoms, flourishing, and mental health service use among a sample of 8,285 college students across the United States who completed the Healthy Minds Study. The study aimed to: (a) identify profiles of public and personal stigma against mental health service utilization, and (b) examine the demographic predictors of stigma group membership and mental health service utilization. Latent profile analyses revealed 3 distinct groups based on public and self-stigma (i...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120206/using-online-interventions-to-deliver-college-student-mental-health-resources-evidence-from-randomized-clinical-trials
#16
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Christiaan S Greer, Patricia Frazier
This study evaluated the efficacy of Internet-based stress management programs for college students. This approach is particularly fitting for students owing to a lack of mental health resources on campus and to high levels of Internet use among students. Because a history of interpersonal trauma (IPT) is associated with more distress and poorer academic performance, IPT history was assessed as a moderator of intervention efficacy. Students (N = 365) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness plus present control intervention, a mindfulness only intervention, or a stress management information condition that served as an active comparison...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120200/presenting-concerns-in-counseling-centers-the-view-from-clinicians-on-the-ground
#17
Andrés E Pérez-Rojas, Allison J Lockard, Theodore T Bartholomew, Rebecca A Janis, Dever M Carney, Henry Xiao, Soo Jeong Youn, Brett E Scofield, Benjamin D Locke, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes
Despite growing evidence that a greater number of students are seeking counseling in college and university counseling centers throughout the United States, there is a dearth of empirical information about (a) the presenting concerns for which students seek treatment and (b) how these concerns differ according to client demographic factors. The purpose of this descriptive and exploratory study was to explore how counseling center clinicians categorize client presenting concerns, and how these concerns vary according to client demographics...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120199/are-we-in-crisis-national-mental-health-and-treatment-trends-in-college-counseling-centers
#18
Henry Xiao, Dever M Carney, Soo Jeong Youn, Rebecca A Janis, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
The current state of college student mental health is frequently labeled a "crisis," as the demand for services and severity of symptomatology have appeared to increase in recent decades. Nationally representative findings are presented from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, a practice research network based in the United States, composed of more than 340 university and college counseling centers, in an effort to illuminate trends in symptom severity and patterns in treatment utilization for the campus treatment seeking population...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118840/too-many-pills-to-swallow-a-case-of-a-mixed-overdose
#19
Louise Emily Hopkins, Jonathan Sunkersing, Andrew Jacques
Propranolol is a highly lipid-soluble beta-receptor antagonist. We describe a case of mixed overdose, including propranolol, amlodipine and olanzapine, resulting in severe resistant hypotension which was successfully treated. A 21-year-old student ingested 6.4 g of propranolol, 280 mg of amlodipine and 560 mg of olanzapine. The patient was brought to the emergency department and exhibited signs of severe systemic toxicity - profound hypotension and circulatory collapse, respiratory depression and coma...
August 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117870/is-there-enough-interest-in-and-pleasure-in-the-concept-of-depression-the-development-of-the-leuven-affect-and-pleasure-scale-laps
#20
Koen Demyttenaere, Philippe Mortier, Glenn Kiekens, Ronny Bruffaerts
OBJECTIVE: Presence of negative mood (depressed mood) and anhedonia (lack of interest and pleasure) are considered core symptoms of depression, while absence of positive mood is not taken into account. It is therefore remarkable that the depression scales routinely used to assess changes during antidepressant treatment (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale [HDRS], Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale [MADRS]) do not really take into account anhedonia. Several scales were developed to assess positive mood and hedonic tone, but they only partially cover the multidimensional concept...
November 9, 2017: CNS Spectrums
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