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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335758/what-s-wrong-with-john-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-mental-health-first-aid-mhfa-training-with-nursing-students
#2
Sharyn Burns, Gemma Crawford, Jonathan Hallett, Kristen Hunt, Hui Jun Chih, P J Matt Tilley
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mental health problems have been found to be higher among university students compared to their non-student peers. Nursing students in particular face a range of additional stressors which may impact their undergraduate performance and their careers. Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) aims to increase mental health literacy and to reduce stigma and may positively impact on the student population. This paper describes a MHFA randomised controlled trial targeting nursing students at a large Australian university...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334441/flexible-parasympathetic-responses-to-sadness-facilitate-spontaneous-affect-regulation
#3
Jonathan P Stange, Jessica L Hamilton, David M Fresco, Lauren B Alloy
The ability of the parasympathetic nervous system to flexibly adapt to changes in environmental context is thought to serve as a physiological indicator of self-regulatory capacity, and deficits in parasympathetic flexibility appear to characterize affective disorders such as depression. However, whether parasympathetic flexibility (vagal withdrawal to emotional or environmental challenges such as sadness, and vagal augmentation during recovery from sadness) could facilitate the effectiveness of adaptive affect regulation strategies is not known...
March 23, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333547/food-and-mood-diet-quality-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-female-university-students
#4
Rachel Quehl, Jess Haines, Stephen P Lewis, Andrea C Buchholz
Researchers have found support for an inverse association between diet quality and depressive symptoms in middle-aged adults. This association has not been well examined among university students, a population at risk of developing both depression and unhealthy lifestyle habits. We sought to examine the cross-sectional association between depressive symptoms and diet quality in female university students. One hundred and forty-one females (19.1 ± 1.5 years, 22.3 ± 3.4 kg/m(2)) were recruited from a Canadian university in 2012 and 2013...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331248/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-in-community-dwelling-elderly-in-rural-haryana-india
#5
Manju Pilania, Mohan Bairwa, Hitesh Khurana, Neelam Kumar
BACKGROUND: Depression in the elderly has been emerged as a serious public health challenge in the developing countries. Elderly population with depression is on rise in India, but is not adequately addressed. This study was planned to ascertain the prevalence of depression among elderly in a rural population of Haryana and assess its socio-demographic correlates. METHODS: This study was a community based, cross sectional study, which was conducted in Community Health Centre (CHC), Chiri of Rohtak district (Haryana, India)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330706/eating-dependence-and-weight-gain-no-human-evidence-for-a-sugar-addiction-model-of-overweight
#6
C Rob Markus, Peter J Rogers, Fred Brouns, Robbie Schepers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is an increasing societal concern that consumption of specific foods such as sugar might become 'addictive' and, hence, promote weight gain. Claims about the addictiveness of sugar however are based largely on findings from few animal studies, whereas there is a lack of direct human evidence for symptoms of sugar-related substance dependence. The current study examined in a large sample of human participants whether foods mainly containing sugar in particular might cause 'addiction-like' problems that meet clinical DSM criteria for substance dependence, and, also whether in turn this relates to body weight and negative affectivity (depressed mood)...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327098/sleep-quality-internet-addiction-and-depressive-symptoms-among-undergraduate-students-in-nepal
#7
Parash Mani Bhandari, Dipika Neupane, Shristi Rijal, Kiran Thapa, Shiva Raj Mishra, Amod Kumar Poudyal
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the burden of depression, internet addiction and poor sleep quality in undergraduate students from Nepal is virtually non-existent. While the interaction between sleep quality, internet addiction and depressive symptoms is frequently assessed in studies, it is not well explored if sleep quality or internet addiction statistically mediates the association between the other two variables. METHODS: We enrolled 984 students from 27 undergraduate campuses of Chitwan and Kathmandu, Nepal...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326161/the-underlying-dimensions-of-dsm-5-ptsd-symptoms-and-their-relations-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-exposed-to-an-explosion-accident
#8
Haibo Yang, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Xing Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Jianxin Zhang, Jon D Elhai
Background: A large number of empirical studies pertaining to the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms have accumulated. However, there is still a lack of studies specific to youths. Objective: This study sought to investigate the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a sample of adolescents exposed to an explosion accident. Method: Participants were 836 students (407 females and 428 males). Self-reported measures including the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the anxiety and depression subscales of the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were administered to participants...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326121/relationship-between-school-violence-and-depressive-symptoms-among-multicultural-families-offspring-in-south-korea
#9
Cheol-Soon Lee, Dongyun Lee, Ji-Young Seo, In-Young Ahn, Soo-Young Bhang
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of school violence on depressive symptoms among the offspring of multicultural families in South Korea. Data from the National Survey of Multicultural Families 2012, conducted by the Korean Women's Development Institute and Statistics Korea, were used in this study. Complex samples logistic regression was performed to determine the effect of school violence on depressive mood. The survey participants were 3999 students between the ages of 9 and 24. Of the participants, 22...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326047/preventing-internalizing-problems-in-young-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-feelings-and-friends-year-3-program-with-a-motor-skills-component
#10
Ruhamah G Tennant, Katie K Martin, Rosanna Rooney, Sharinaz Hassan, Robert T Kane
Anxiety and depression are common mental health problems experienced by children in Australia. The impact of these internalizing disorders is pervasive, affecting many areas of life. By the time problems have been detected in children they can be severe in nature and harder to treat. Hence, early intervention is of utmost importance. Despite the existence of numerous prevention programs for children, there is limited empirical evidence for a program that has an impact on symptoms of both anxiety and depression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319686/corrigendum-to-gender-negative-life-events-and-coping-on-different-stages-of-depression-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-university-students-j-affect-disord-2017-209-177-181
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319167/association-between-internet-addiction-and-depression-in-thai-medical-students-at-faculty-of-medicine-ramathibodi-hospital
#12
Thummaporn Boonvisudhi, Sanchai Kuladee
OBJECTIVE: To study the extent of Internet addiction (IA) and its association with depression in Thai medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital. Participants were first- to fifth-year medical students who agreed to participate in this study. Demographic characteristics and stress-related factors were derived from self-rated questionnaires. Depression was assessed using the Thai version of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299495/who-wants-to-play-sport-motivation-trajectories-sport-participation-and-the-development-of-depressive-symptoms
#13
Ming-Te Wang, Angela Chow, Jamie Amemiya
Although sport involvement has the potential to enhance psychological wellbeing, studies have suggested that motivation to participate in sports activities declines across childhood and adolescence. This study incorporated expectancy-value theory to model children's sport ability self-concept and subjective task values trajectories from first to twelfth grade. Additionally, it examined if sport motivation trajectories predicted individual and team-based sport participation and whether sport participation in turn reduced the development of depressive symptoms...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299475/group-interventions-to-promote-mental-health-in-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#14
Kristin Lo, Jamie Waterland, Paula Todd, Tanvi Gupta, Margaret Bearman, Craig Hassed, Jennifer L Keating
Effects of interventions for improving mental health of health professional students has not been established. This review analysed interventions to support mental health of health professional students and their effects. The full holdings of Medline, PsycINFO, EBM Reviews, Cinahl Plus, ERIC and EMBASE were searched until 15th April 2016. Inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials of undergraduate and post graduate health professional students, group interventions to support mental health compared to alternative education, usual curriculum or no intervention; and post-intervention measurements for intervention and control participants of mindfulness, anxiety, depression, stress/distress or burnout...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299314/high-magnitude-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-school-adolescents
#15
Kindie Mekuria, Haregwoin Mulat, Habtamu Derajew, Tesfa Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu, Amsalu Belete, Solomon Yimer, Getasew Legas, Melak Menberu, Asmamaw Getnet, Simegnew Kibret
Introduction. Social phobia is the most prevalent and chronic type of anxiety disorder worldwide and it affects occupational, educational, and social affairs of the individual. Social phobia is also known for its association with depression and substance use disorder. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among high school students in Ethiopia. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 randomly selected students. Data were collected using pretested and self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296508/psychometric-aspects-of-the-depressive-experiences-questionnaire-implications-for-clinical-assessment-and-research
#16
Giorgio Falgares, Sandro De Santis, Salvatore Gullo, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Fabrizio Scrima, Stefano Livi
The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) is a self-report measure that assesses self-criticism and dependency, 2 personality traits that confer vulnerability to depression (Blatt, 2004 ). Over several decades, different, shortened versions of the DEQ have been constructed to offer an alternative to the complex scoring procedure of the original DEQ. This study explores the factor structure as well as the construct and convergent validity of the DEQ by comparing a clinical and nonclinical sample. We also compared the original DEQ with 5 shortened versions...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292190/residing-in-economically-distressed-rural-appalachia-is-independently-associated-with-excess-body-weight-in-college-students
#17
Demetrius A Abshire, Terry A Lennie, Gia T Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity is greater among adults living in rural compared to urban areas of the USA. Greater obesity risk among rural adults persists after adjusting for obesity-related behaviors and sociodemographic factors. With the rural-urban obesity disparity greatest among younger adults, it is important to examine the complexity of factors that may increase the risk for excess body weight in this population so that effective preventive interventions can be implemented...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290937/depression-and-anxiety-in-greek-male-veterans-after-retirement
#18
Aspa Kypraiou, Pavlos Sarafis, Andreas Tsounis, Georgia Bitsi, Elias Andreanides, Theodoros Constantinidis, Evaggelia Kotrotsiou, Maria Malliarou
INTRODUCTION: Retirement is a turning point in human life, resulting in changes to physical and mental health status. The aim of this study was to examine the factors that are related with depression and anxiety symptoms in Greek male veterans after retirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 502 veterans participated in a cross-sectional study. Beck Depression Inventory for depression assessment and Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory for anxiety assessment were used...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290388/the-evaluation-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-stroke
#19
Halim Yilmaz, Haluk Gumus, Sema D Yilmaz, Halil E Akkurt, Faruk O Odabas
BACKGROUND: Although very common, sexual dysfunction is a neglected disorder in women with stroke. AIM: To investigate the physical, psychological and sexual changes in women with stroke, and to determine the factors related to these changes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This descriptive study was conducted at a tertiary care university hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 112 women (51 stroke patients, 61 healthy controls) were included in the study...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289016/gambling-problems-among-patients-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study-of-general-practices
#20
Sean Cowlishaw, Lone Gale, Alison Gregory, Jim McCambridge, David Kessler
BACKGROUND: Primary care is an important context for addressing health-related behaviours, and may provide a setting for identification of gambling problems. AIM: To indicate the extent of gambling problems among patients attending general practices, and explore settings or patient groups that experience heightened vulnerability. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of patients attending 11 general practices in Bristol, South West England...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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