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Cognition depression

Toshi A Furukawa, Hissei Imai, Masaru Horikoshi, Shinji Shimodera, Takahiro Hiroe, Tadashi Funayama, Tatsuo Akechi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral activation (BA) is receiving renewed interest as a stand-alone or as a component of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for depression. However, few studies have examined which aspects of BA are most contributory to its efficacy. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a 9-week randomized controlled trial of smartphone CBT for patients with major depression. Depression severity was measured at baseline and at end of treatment by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Anne-Hélène Clair, William Haynes, Luc Mallet
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been offered to patients suffering of severe and resistant neuropsychiatric disorders like Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (TS) and Major Depression (MDD). Modulation of several targets within the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuits can lead to a decrease of symptom severity in those patients. This review focuses on the recent clinical outcomes in DBS in psychiatric disorders. Studies on OCD and TS are now focusing on the long-term effects of DBS, with encouraging results regarding not only the decrease of symptoms, but also quality of life...
2018: F1000Research
Joanne Woodford, Anna Wikman, Martin Cernvall, Gustaf Ljungman, Amanda Romppala, Helena Grönqvist, Louise von Essen
INTRODUCTION: A subgroup of parents of children previously treated for cancer report long-term psychological distress after end of treatment. However, needs for psychological support are commonly unmet and there is a lack of evidence-based treatments tailored to the specific needs of this population. An internet-administered, guided, cognitive-behavioural therapy-based, self-help intervention (ENGAGE) for parents of children previously treated for cancer may provide a solution. The aim is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention ENGAGE and the study procedures for a future controlled trial...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Anna Holst, Cecilia Björkelund, Alexandra Metsini, Jens-Henrik Madsen, Dominique Hange, Eva-Lisa L Petersson, Maria Cm Eriksson, Marie Kivi, Per-Åke Å Andersson, Mikael Svensson
OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomised controlled trial of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) compared with treatment as usual (TaU) for patients with mild to moderate depression in the Swedish primary care setting. In particular, the objective was to assess from a healthcare and societal perspective the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ICBT versus TaU at 12 months follow-up. DESIGN: A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a pragmatic effectiveness trial...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Nicola Veronese, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Maria Gabriella Caruso, Stefania Maggi, Francesco Bolzetta, Joseph Firth, Lee Smith, Patricia Schofield, Ai Koyanagi, Lin Yang, Marco Solmi, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The literature regarding the potential health benefits of chocolate consumption are unclear and the epidemiological credibility has not been systematically scrutinized, while the strength of the evidence is undetermined. We therefore aimed to map and grade the diverse health outcomes associated with chocolate consumption using an umbrella review of systematic reviews. METHODS: Umbrella review of systematic reviews of observational and intervention studies (randomized placebo-controlled trials, RCTs)...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Daoyang Wang, Li Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of cognitive reappraisal in the relationship between left-behind middle school student's negative academic emotions and psychological well-being. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 434 left-behind middle school student aged 11-18 years old from January to February in 2016. In thisstudy, psychological well-being questionnaire, negative academic emotion questionnaire, emotion regulation questionnaire and background information questionnaire were used in team test...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Louise Thomson, Marcus Barker, Catherine Kaylor-Hughes, Anne Garland, Rajini Ramana, Richard Morriss, Emily Hammond, Gail Hopkins, Sandra Simpson
BACKGROUND: A specialist depression service (SDS) offering collaborative pharmacological and cognitive behaviour therapy treatment for persistent depressive disorder showed effectiveness against depression symptoms versus usual community based multidisciplinary care in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in specialist mental health services in England. However, there is uncertainty concerning how specialist depression services effect such change. The current study aimed to evaluate the factors which may explain the greater effectiveness of SDS compared to Treatment as Usual (TAU) by exploring the experience of the RCT participants...
June 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Margrit Löbner, Alexander Pabst, Janine Stein, Marie Dorow, Herbert Matschinger, Melanie Luppa, Astrid Maroß, Anette Kersting, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Self-guided computerized cognitive behavior therapy (cCBT) has the potential to be a feasible alternative to current first-step treatment approaches for depression. Yet, research regarding the effectiveness and acceptability of self-guided cCBT as an adjunct element of GP care is controversial. METHODS: Primary care patients with symptoms of mild to moderately severe depression (N = 647) were recruited from 112 GP practices within a cluster randomized controlled trial...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ling-Di Meng, Yong-Chuang Liu, Xiao Feng, Yan-Xue Zhai, Kun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship among housebound status, depression and cognitive function, and further to study whether depression can take on a mediator among elders in rural communities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 720 community residents aged ≥60 years from March to May in 2016 in Hebei province, China. We used the Chinese version of Housebound scale, the Rasch-Derived of the Center for Epidemiological studies Depression scale (CES-D-R), and the Minimental State Examination Scale (MMSE) to estimate housebound status, depression, and cognitive function separately...
May 31, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Guan-Bo Chen, Sheng-Hui Tuan, Li-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Sou Lin
RATIONALE: Neurological melioidosis, an extremely rare condition, is caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. If treatment is suboptimal or delayed, this infection can produce diverse clinical symptoms and result in death. PATIENT CONCERNS: A healthy 65-year-old female who had been treated with antipsychotic medication for neurotic depression for over 2 years presented with acute-onset fever, headache, lead-pipe rigidity of all limbs, and delirium...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bryan D James, Robert S Wilson, Raj C Shah, Lei Yu, Zoe Arvanitakis, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
BACKGROUND: Lowering the likelihood of hospitalization in older adults is a major public health goal for modern health care systems. Emerging data suggest that financial literacy is an important determinant of health outcomes in old age, but the relationship with hospitalization has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that better financial literacy is related to lower risk of hospitalization in older persons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
July 2018: Medical Care
Christine L MacDonald, Jason Barber, Jason Wright, David Coppel, Nina De Lacy, Steve Ottinger, Suzanne Peck, Chris Panks, Samantha Sun, Kody Zalewski, Nancy Temkin
This study longitudinally assessed 10-14-year-old patients with sports and recreational concussion (n=22) who remained symptomatic 3-4 weeks post-injury compared to typically developing controls (n=24). Examination by multimodal MRI and multidomain clinical outcome measures was completed at 1-month and 6-months post-injury. Concussion patients showed evidence of improvement by 6-month follow up in domains of cognitive function while measures of psychological health were less resolved with patients exhibiting sustained symptoms of depression, behavior impairment, and concussion symptoms...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Qiong Wu, Natasha Slesnick, Aaron Murnan
This article tested a model of parenting stress as a mediator between maternal depressive symptoms, emotion regulation, and child behavior problems using a sample of homeless, substance-abusing mothers. Participants were 119 homeless mothers (ages 18-24 years) and their young children (ages 0-6 years). Mothers responded to questions about their depressive symptoms, emotion regulation, parenting stress, and child behavior problems. A path analysis showed that maternal depressive symptoms were positively associated with child behavior problems through increased parenting stress whereas maternal cognitive reappraisal was negatively associated with child behavior problems through decreased parenting stress...
June 14, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Many patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) live in a stressful environment, and comorbidity is not uncommon. Understanding the neural mechanisms underlying heroin and nicotine dependences and their relationships to social cognition could facilitate behavioral therapy efficacy. We aimed to provide a translational approach that leads to identifying potential biomarkers for opioid use disorder (OUD) susceptibility during recovery. We examined the clinical characters and the relationships between theory of mind (ToM) and executive functions in three groups: heroin plus nicotine-dependent (HND) patients who had remained heroin abstinent ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
April 2018: Neurophotonics
Jagriti Jackie Bhattarai, Mary E Oehlert, Karen D Multon, Scott W Sumerall
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosed at age < 55 as predictors, and sex and race as potential moderators, of dementia and other forms of cognitive impairment. METHOD: Veterans ( N = 4,800) aged ⩾ 56 years were grouped by psychiatric history, sex, and race. Hierarchical and stepwise regression were employed to determine significant predictors. RESULTS: MDD and PTSD were associated with almost double the risk for developing dementia or cognitive impairment at age ⩾ 56...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Almudena Duque, Carmelo Vazquez
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether a 4-day dot-probe attentional training to orient attention toward positive words could lead participants with dysphoria to change selective attention to emotional faces. It was also explored whether this positive attentional bias training could lead to a decrease in depressive symptoms. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to Positive Training Group (PTG) and No Training Group (NTG). PTG was composed of 16 subjects, whereas NTG was composed of 15 subjects...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Philip A Powell
Individual differences in empathy can have positive and negative psychological outcomes. Yet, individual differences in the processing and regulation of empathy-induced emotion have not been fully explored within this dynamic. This study was designed to explore whether individual differences in emotion regulation strategies moderated the effects of empathy on common forms of affective distress. Eight hundred and forty four participants completed survey measures of trait empathy, emotion regulation strategies, and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress...
2018: Motivation and Emotion
Annika Norell-Clarke, Maria Tillfors, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Fredrik Holländare, Ingemar Engström
BACKGROUND: Recent treatment studies with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) have demonstrated effects on both sleep problems and depression. Two previous studies have indicated that the beneficial effect from CBT-I on depression may come through improved sleep, although insomnia severity during treatment had not previously been investigated as a mediator. AIMS: Our aim was to investigate if insomnia severity during treatment mediated between CBT-I and depression severity after treatment, in a sample with co-morbid insomnia and depressive symptomology...
June 14, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Shuhui Zhang, Xiaodong Liu, Mingzhu Sun, Qiuping Zhang, Teng Li, Xiang Li, Jia Xu, Xin Zhao, Dongyan Chen, Xizeng Feng
BACKGROUND: With increased social pressure, individuals face a high risk of depression. Subsequently, depression affects cognitive behaviour and negatively impacts daily life. Fortunately, the Traditional Chinese Medicine Jia Wei Xiao Yao (JWXY) capsule is effective in reducing depression and improving cognitive behaviour. METHODS: The constituents of JWXY capsule were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry analyses...
June 14, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
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