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Cognition depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245093/neurocognitive-functioning-in-first-episode-bipolar-disorder-relationship-with-functional-status
#1
Alejandro G Szmulewicz, Marina P Valerio, Julieta Lomastro, José M Smith, Virginia Chiappe, Diego J Martino, Ana Igoa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess if an association between neurocognitive deficits and psychosocial functioning exists in first-episode BD patients. METHODS: Twenty-five euthymic first-episode BD patients and thirty-seven healthy controls were recruited. History of suicide attempts, psychiatric comorbidities, pharmacological exposure, and previous depressive episodes were investigated. Performances on neurocognitive domains (verbal memory, attention, processing speed, and executive functions) as well as a measure of psychosocial functioning were used as outcomes...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244847/cognitive-failures-in-late-adulthood-the-role-of-age-social-context-and-depressive-symptoms
#2
Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Chiara Fastame, Dalila Langiu, Maria Pietronilla Penna
The incidence of self-reported cognitive failures among older adults may be an index of successful cognitive aging. However, self-reported cognitive failures are biased by variation in depressive symptomatology. This study examined age-related and socio-cultural context effects on cognitive failures while controlling for depressive symptoms. Both overall and specific factors of cognitive failures were determined. A further goal was to investigate the relationship between working memory and cognitive efficiency measures and cognitive failures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244062/longitudinal-course-and-predictors-of-apathetic-symptoms-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Annabelle Arnould, Lucien Rochat, Philippe Azouvi, Martial Van der Linden
Objectives: Apathy is one of the most common behavioral symptoms encountered after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, very little is known about the longitudinal course and predictors of apathetic manifestations. The aims of the present study were to examine how apathy changes and the predictive value of cognitive factors (memory, attention/executive mechanisms, and multitasking) and personal identity factors (self-esteem and self-efficacy beliefs) for apathy over a period of 10 months...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244058/antidepressant-use-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-very-old-women
#5
Yue Leng, Susan J Diem, Katie L Stone, Kristine Yaffe
Background: Antidepressant use is very common in the elderly, but the effects of antidepressants on cognition in the elderly are controversial with some studies suggesting harm and others protection. We aimed to investigate the association between different antidepressant use and change in cognition and risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia in very old women. Methods: We examined 1,234 community-dwelling women (mean age 83.2 years) from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures...
December 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243873/a-comprehensive-review-of-genetic-and-epigenetic-mechanisms-that-regulate-bdnf-expression-and-function-with-relevance-to-major-depressive-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Benjamin Hing, Leela Sathyaputri, James B Potash
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a mood disorder that affects behavior and impairs cognition. A gene potentially important to this disorder is the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as it is involved in processes controlling neuroplasticity. Various mechanisms exist to regulate BDNF's expression level, subcellular localization, and sorting to appropriate secretory pathways. Alterations to these processes by genetic factors and negative stressors can dysregulate its expression, with possible implications for MDD...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243543/a-kainate-receptor-gluk4-deletion-protective-against-bipolar-disorder-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognitive-performance-across-diagnoses-in-the-twinsuk-cohort
#7
Maria Koromina, Miles Flitton, Ian Mellor, Helen Miranda Knight
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive deficits are a common feature of neuropsychiatric disorders. We investigated the relationship between cognitive performance and a deletion allele within GluK4 protective against risk for bipolar disorder, in 1642 individuals from the TwinsUK study. METHODS: Cognitive performance was assessed using the National Adult Reading Test, four CANTAB tests (Spatial Working Memory, Paired Associates Learning, Pattern Recognition Memory, and Reaction Time), and two Principal Component Analysis derived factors...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243122/aberrant-baseline-brain-activity-in-psychogenic-erectile-dysfunction-patients-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#8
Chenwang Jin, Min Guan, Minghao Dong, Jia Wu, Zhen He, Xin Chen, Dapeng Shi, Junchan Ren, Guangming Shi, Xiangsheng Zhang
Recent neuroimaging studies have elucidated many interesting and promising findings on sexuality regarding the neural underpinnings of both normal and abnormal sexual processes. Psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED) consists of a major part of male sexual dysfunction in China, but the understanding of the central mechanism of pED is still in its infancy. It is commonly appreciated that pED is a functional disorder, which can be attributed predominantly or exclusively to psychological factors, such as anxiety, depression, loss of self-esteem, and psychosocial stresses...
December 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242676/program-active-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-treat-depression-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-rural-appalachia
#9
Mary de Groot, Todd Doyle, Jennifer Averyt
High rates of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and depression exist in rural Appalachia with limited access to psychotherapeutic treatment. No manualized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) treatment materials exist that are culturally tailored for individuals in this region with T2DM. We describe the development of the Program ACTIVE CBT intervention for use with adults with T2DM and depression by mental health providers in rural Appalachia. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to test the feasibility and acceptability of Program ACTIVE...
August 2017: Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241655/citalopram-restores-short-term-memory-deficit-and-non-cognitive-behaviors-in-app-ps1-mice-while-halting-the-advance-of-alzheimer-s-disease-like-pathology
#10
Qin Zhang, Chen Yang, Tianyao Liu, Liang Liu, Fen Li, Yulong Cai, Keyi Lv, Xin Li, Junwei Gao, Dayu Sun, Haiwei Xu, Qingwu Yang, Xiaotang Fan
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. In addition to cognitive impairments, deficits in non-cognitive behaviors are also common neurological sequelae in AD. Here, we show that complex behavioral deficits in 6-month-old APPswe/PSEN1dE9 (APP/PS1) mice include impairments in object recognition, deficient social interaction, increased depression and buried marbles. Citalopram, one of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), ameliorated the amyloid deposition in AD patients and transgenic animal models...
December 11, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241519/the-positive-thinking-skills-scale-a-screening-measure-for-early-identification-of-depressive-thoughts
#11
Abir K Bekhet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal
BACKGROUND: Depression is currently considered the second leading cause of disability worldwide. Positive thinking is a cognitive process that helps individuals to deal with problems more effectively, and has been suggested as a useful strategy for coping with adversity, including depression. The Positive Thinking Skills Scale (PTSS) is a reliable and valid measure that captures the frequency of use of positive thinking skills that can help in the early identification of the possibility of developing depressive thoughts...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241442/age-differences-in-negative-and-positive-expectancy-bias-in-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety
#12
Dusanka Tadic, Colin MacLeod, Cindy M Cabeleira, Viviana M Wuthrich, Ronald M Rapee, Romola S Bucks
Anxious individuals report disproportionately negative expectations concerning the future, termed the negative expectancy bias. In contrast, ageing is associated with an inflated expectancy for positive future events. A recent study [Steinman, S. A., Smyth, F. L., Bucks, R. S., MacLeod, C., & Teachman, B. A. (2013). Anxiety-linked expectancy bias across the adult lifespan. Cognition and Emotion, 27, 345-355. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2012.711743 ] found using an interpretation bias task, a negative expectancy bias in young adults and positive expectancy bias in older adults with high trait anxiety...
December 14, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241417/neuropsychiatric-manifestations-are-not-uncommon-in-indian-lupus-patients-and-negatively-affect-quality-of-life
#13
H Muhammed, M Goyal, V Lal, S Singh, V Dhir
Objectives The objectives of this paper are to look at the prevalence of neuropsychiatric manifestations and assess their impact on quality of life in North Indian lupus patients. Methods The study included consecutive patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who were older than 18 years and met the SLICC 2012 criteria. A diagnosis of a neuropsychiatric syndrome was made as per ACR 1999 definitions. Manifestations occurring at any point in time after the diagnosis of SLE were considered if a reliable history and medical records were available...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240757/rct-of-an-integrated-cbt-hiv-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms-and-hiv-risk
#14
Karin Tobin, Melissa A Davey-Rothwell, Bareng A S Nonyane, Amy Knowlton, Lawrence Wissow, Carl A Latkin
Depression and depressive symptoms mediate the association between drug use and HIV risk. Yet, there are few interventions that target depressive symptoms and HIV risk for people who use drugs (PWUD). This study was a randomized controlled trial of an integrated cognitive behavioral therapy and HIV prevention intervention to reduce depressive symptoms, injection risk behaviors and increase condom use in a sample of urban people who used heroin or cocaine in the prior 6 months. A total of 315 individuals aged 18-55, who self-reported at least one HIV drug and sex risk behavior and scored ≥16 and <40 on the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale were randomized using a two-block design, stratified by sex to ensure equivalent numbers, to a 10 session intervention arm (n = 162) or a single session control arm (n = 153)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239799/occupational-determinants-of-successful-aging-in-older-physicians
#15
Chanaka Wijeratne, Carmelle Peisah, Joanne Earl, Georgina Luscombe
OBJECTIVES: Demographic, physical and psychological associations of successful aging (SA) have been evaluated, but occupational factors have not. Nor has SA been evaluated in a specific occupational group. The aims of this study were to examine the occupational associations of SA in older physicians, and to explore the concept of occupational SA. METHODS: Physicians aged 55+ years completed self-ratings of occupational and personal SA on a 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS; 1 being "least successful" and 10 "most successful")...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239789/anterior-cingulate-volume-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-and-functional-connectivity-with-the-inferior-parietal-cortex-in-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Fabio Sambataro, Nadja Doerig, Jürgen Hänggi, Robert Christian Wolf, Janis Brakowski, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Erich Seifritz, Simona Spinelli
In major depressive disorder (MDD), the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been associated with clinical outcome as well as with antidepressant treatment response. Nonetheless, the association between individual differences in ACC structure and function and the response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is still unexplored. For this aim, twenty-five unmedicated patients with MDD were scanned with structural and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging before the beginning of CBT treatment. ACC morphometry was correlated with clinical changes following psychotherapy...
November 24, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239767/everyday-cognitive-failure-and-depressive-symptoms-predict-fatigue-in-sarcoidosis-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#17
Celine Hendriks, Marjolein Drent, Willemien De Kleijn, Marjon Elfferich, Petal Wijnen, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a major and disabling problem in sarcoidosis. Knowledge concerning correlates of the development of fatigue and possible interrelationships is lacking. OBJECTIVE: A conceptual model of fatigue was developed and tested. METHODS: Sarcoidosis outpatients (n = 292) of Maastricht University Medical Center completed questionnaires regarding trait anxiety, depressive symptoms, cognitive failure, dyspnea, social support, and small fiber neuropathy (SFN) at baseline...
November 20, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239055/brain-structural-alterations-associated-with-dysfunctional-cognitive-control-of-pain-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#18
O Chehadi, A C Rusu, K Konietzny, E Schulz, O Köster, T Schmidt-Wilcke, M I Hasenbring
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has shown that chronic back pain (CBP) can lead to functional alterations in the circuitry underlying the cognitive control of pain. Thought suppression (TS) is a common type of cognitive control of pain. Previous research has shown that TS has paradoxical effects that may increase the awareness of pain. Pain-related TS may also increase individuals' attention to pain, which may also increase pain sensation, but thus far, the relationship between pain-related TS and structural brain alterations is unknown...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238395/cognitive-dysfunction-in-asian-patients-with-depression-cogdad-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Srisurapanont Manit, Mok Yee Ming, Yang Yen Kuang, Chan Herng-Nieng, Della Constantine D, Zainal Nor Zuraida, Jambunathan Stephen, Amir Nurmiati, Kalita Pranabi
Background: Cognitive dysfunction is a predominant symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), contributing to functional impairment. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to assess and describe perceived cognitive dysfunction amongst Asian patients diagnosed with MDD. The secondary objective was to explore the associations between depression severity, perceived cognitive dysfunction and functional disability. Methods: This was a multi-country, multi-centre, cross-sectional study...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238393/influence-of-severe-carotid-stenosis-on-cognition-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#20
Elina Pucite, Ildze Krievina, Evija Miglane, Renars Erts, Dainis Krievins
Background: Carotid artery disease is not just a causal risk factor of ischemic stroke, but may predispose patients to depressive symptoms and low health related quality of life (HRQoL). Objectives: The objectives of the present study were to assess the association between severe carotid artery stenosis (CAS) and cognitive impairment, frequency of depressive symptoms and status of HRQoL. Methods: Cross - sectional study involved 55 patients with severe CAS and 54 patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
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