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Occupational lun

Raymond N Kuo, Chao-Lun Lai, Yi-Chun Yeh, Mei-Shu Lai
OBJECTIVES: One of the main objectives behind the expansion of insurance coverage is to eliminate disparities in health and healthcare. However, researchers have not yet fully elucidated the reasons for disparities in the use of high-cost treatments among patients of different occupations. Furthermore, it remains unknown whether discretionary decisions made at the hospital level have an impact on the administration of high-cost interventions in a universal healthcare system. This study investigated the adoption of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare metal-stents (BMS) among patients in different occupations and income levels, with the aim of gauging the degree to which the inclination of health providers toward treatment options could affect treatment choices at the patient-level within a universal healthcare system...
2017: PloS One
Sudha P Pandalai, Matthew W Wheeler, Ming-Lun Lu
BACKGROUND: Self-reported low back pain (LBP) has been evaluated in relation to material handling lifting tasks, but little research has focused on relating quantifiable stressors to LBP at the individual level. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Composite Lifting Index (CLI) has been used to quantify stressors for lifting tasks. A chemical exposure can be readily used as an exposure metric or stressor for chemical risk assessment (RA). Defining and quantifying lifting nonchemical stressors and related adverse responses is more difficult...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
Wei-Chieh Weng, Yi-Chia Wei, Wen-Yi Huang, Yu-Yi Chien, Tsung-I Peng, Chia-Lun Wu
Recognizing the cause is essential for the management of meralgia paresthetica (MP), also known as lateral femoral cutaneous neuropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the etiologies of MP and their influence on each other. This retrospective study enrolled referral patients with electromyographic studies who fulfilled the clinical and electrodiagnostic criteria of MP from January 2003 to December 2013. Data including age, gender, body weight, body height, occupation, and relevant medical history were collected...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Chung-Pei Fu, Jiann-Horng Yeh, Chia-Ting Su, Chien-Hsiou Liu, Wan-Ying Chang, Yu-Lan Chen, Ai-Lun Yang, Chih-Chia Wang
BACKGROUND: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) have been administered in physical and psychiatric occupational therapy (OT) education, but not in pediatric OT education. The objectives were to examine the satisfaction and the influences of OSCE in pediatric OT on all participants. METHODS: The OSCE contained evaluation, intervention, and parent education stations. Sixty examinees, 44 child standardized patients (SPs), 44 chaperones, three playroom managers, 14 OSCE assistants, and 15 examiners participated in the OSCE...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
Jiunn-Liang Ko, Yu-Jung Cheng, Guan-Cen Liu, I-Lun Hsin, Hsiu-Ling Chen
The welding is the major working process in fitness equipment manufacturing industry, and International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified welding fumes as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). The present study aimed to evaluate associations between the occupational exposure of metals and oxidative damage and telomere length shortening in workers involved in the manufacture of fitness equipment. The blood metal concentrations were monitored and malondialdehyde (MDA), alkaline Comet assay was determined as oxidative damage in 117 workers from two representative fitness equipment manufacturing plants...
April 14, 2017: Industrial Health
Sophie Soklaridis, Donna Romano, Wai Lun Alan Fung, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Joan Sargeant, Jennifer Chambers, David Wiljer, Ivan Silver
There is a growing interest in interprofessional care (IPC) as a way to provide better healthcare. However, it is difficult to evaluate this mode of healthcare delivery because identifying the appropriate measurement tool is a challenge, given the wide diversity in team composition and settings. Adding to this complexity is a key gap in the IPC evaluation research: the client/patient perspective. This perspective has generally not been included in the development of IPC healthcare team evaluations. The authors received a Canadian Institute for Health Research Planning Grant to host a one-day forum with 24 participants from across Canada representing health professions such as social work, medicine, occupational therapy, and physical therapy, in addition to researchers, client/patient advocates, and hospital administrators...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Alexandre Rosa Dos Santos, Carlos Antonio Alvares Soares Ribeiro, Telma Machado de Oliveira Peluzio, João Batista Esteves Peluzio, Vagner Tebaldi de Queiroz, Elvis Ricardo Figueira Branco, Alexandre Simões Lorenzon, Getulio Fonseca Domingues, Gustavo Eduardo Marcatti, Nero Lemos Martins de Castro, Thaisa Ribeiro Teixeira, Gleissy Mary Amaral Dino Alves Dos Santos, Pedro Henrique Santos Mota, Samuel Ferreira da Silva, Rozimelia Vargas, José Romário de Carvalho, Leandro Levate Macedo, Cintia da Silva Araújo, Samira Luns Hatum de Almeida
The Atlantic Forest biome is recognized for its biodiversity and is one of the most threatened biomes on the planet, with forest fragmentation increasing due to uncontrolled land use, land occupation, and population growth. The most serious aspect of the forest fragmentation process is the edge effect and the loss of biodiversity. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of forest fragmentation and select potential forest fragments with a higher degree of conservation for seed harvesting in the Itapemirim river basin, Espírito Santo State, Brazil...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Che-Lun Hsu, Tang-Chuan Wang, Te-Chun Shen, Yu-Jhen Huang, Cheng-Li Lin, Fung-Chang Sung
BACKGROUND: Depression is prevalent in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). However, no population-based study has ever investigated this relationship. We used nationwide population insurance data to conduct a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the subsequent risk of depression among patients with CRS. METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan identified 15,371 CRS patients diagnosed during 2000-2010. The non-CRS group consisted of 61,484 individuals without CRS frequency matched by sex, age, and the year of diagnosis...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Bing Zhang, Pan Hu, Kun-Lun Yu, Jiang-Bo Bai, De-Hu Tian, Gui-Sheng Zhang, Xin-Zhong Shao, Ying-Ze Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes of AO titanium locking plate and screw (ATLPS) and anterograde intramedullary (AIM) fixation for treating unstable metacarpal and phalangeal fractures. METHODS: Adult patients with isolated fresh unstable metacarpal and phalangeal fractures who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled into this prospective study from July 2013. Patients were divided into ATLPS or AIM groups when they were admitted to our department after considering their work requirement, fracture complexity, and surgeon's experience and were then treated accordingly...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Haiou Yang, Scott Haldeman, Ming-Lun Lu, Dean Baker
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to estimate prevalence of low back pain, to investigate associations between low back pain and a set of emerging workplace risk factors, and to identify worker groups with an increased vulnerability for low back pain in the United States. METHODS: The data used for this cross-sectional study came from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey, which was designed to collect data on health conditions and related risk factors from the US civilian population...
September 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Jing Yang, Xiao-Yong Chang, Kiu-Chor Sham, Shek-Man Yiu, Hoi-Lun Kwong, Chi-Ming Che
M8L12 cubic cages (M = Mn(II), Zn(II) or Cd(II)), with all eight metal ions having all facial Δ or facial Λ configurations and having an encapsulated anion, were prepared by the self-assembly of m-xylene-bridged imidazolyl-imine ligands and MX2 (X = PF6(-), SbF6(-), TfO(-)) salts; the encapsulated anion exchange with different anions (SbF6(-), Tf2N(-), NO3(-), TsO(-)) was studied and the results with NO3(-) and TsO(-) indicate that anions on the cage surfaces affect the encapsulated anion exchange and the occupancy of the cage...
May 1, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Ming-Lun Lu, Vern Putz-Anderson, Arun Garg, Kermit G Davis
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate the impact of the Revised National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Lifting Equation (RNLE). BACKGROUND: The RNLE has been used extensively as a risk assessment method for prevention of low back pain (LBP). However, the impact of the RNLE has not been documented. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on the RNLE was conducted. The review consisted of three parts: characterization of the RNLE publications, assessment of the impact of the RNLE, and evaluation of the influences of the RNLE on ergonomic standards...
August 2016: Human Factors
Man Ki Kwok, Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
BACKGROUND: Birth weight is classified as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease by the World Health Organization, but appropriate preventive interventions remain unclear because the observations have not been confirmed in experiments and appear to be contextually specific. METHODS: Using 9452 participants of the 1958 British Birth Cohort at age 42years in 2000 (58% follow-up), we examined the credibility of multiple birth status as an instrumental variable (IV) for birth weight and, if appropriate, use it to obtain less confounded estimates of the associations of birth weight with cardiovascular disease risk factors including self-reported height, body mass index and hypertension than conventional regression in 2014...
March 2016: Preventive Medicine
Haigang Hu, Lun Tan, Xu Lin, Chao Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the security of pedicle screw fixation in fractured vertebra in treatment of thoracolumbar fractures by comparing with routine fixation cross fractured vertebra. METHODS: A total of 101 cases of single segmental thoracolumbar fracture were selected between June 2008 and June 2011. Of them, 56 cases underwent pedicle screw fixation in fractured vertebra (group A), and 45 cases received routine fixation cross fractured vertebra (group B)...
June 2014: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Vincent Pam Gyang, Olaoluwa Pheabian Akinwale, Yueh-Lun Lee, Ting-Wu Chuang, Akwaowo Orok, Olusola Ajibaye, Chien-Wei Liao, Po-Ching Cheng, Chia-Mei Chou, Ying-Chieh Huang, Kuo-Hua Fan, Chia-Kwung Fan
INTRODUCTION: Toxoplasma gondii infection has been described as the most widespread zoonotic infection of humans and other animals. Information concerning T. gondii infection among schoolchildren is unavailable in Lagos City, Nigeria. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with T. gondii infection among primary schoolchildren (PSC) from a community located in the center of Lagos, southern Nigeria, from November 2013 to March 2014...
January 2015: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Gregory D Kearney, Charles Phillips, Daniel Landon Allen, Giovanny A Hurtado, Ling-Lun Bob Hsia
OBJECTIVE: Farmworkers are at an increased risk of skin cancer from exposure to excessive amounts of ultraviolet radiation from the sun. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate sun protection behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of Latino farmworkers in eastern North Carolina was conducted using personal interviews followed by a full-body examination for skin cancers (N = 157). RESULTS: Participants were predominately, young, males from Mexico who spent 9 or more hours each work day in the sun...
December 2014: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Wang-Yi Chen, Chuh-Lun Lo, Chen-Peng Chen, Yow-Jer Juang, Chungsik Yoon, Perng-Jy Tsai
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to develop approaches for monitoring and prioritizing factors associated with thermal stresses imposed on workers in iron and steel casting industries, and to eventually purpose effective control strategies. METHODS: The whole study was completed in the furnace areas of two steel casting and two iron casting plants, where the air temperature (Ta), radiant temperature (Tr), air velocity (Va) and partial water vapor pressure (Pa) were measured continuously during two consecutive work cycles...
2014: Journal of Occupational Health
Xun-Lun Sheng, Hui-Ping Li, Qing-Xia Liu, Wei-Ning Rong, Wen-Zhang Du, Li Ma, Guang-Hui Yan, Run-Qing Ma, Jian-Ling Zhang, Hui-Fang Xu, Wen-Qing Zou, Xiao-Jun Bi
AIM: To describe the prevalence and demographic characteristics of corneal blindness in an urban and rural region of Ningxia, located in the northwest part of China. METHODS: A stratified, randomized sampling procedure was employed in the study, including urban and rural area of all age group. Visual acuity, anterior segment and ocular fundus were checked. Related factor of corneal disease, including age, gender, education status, ethnic group, location and occupation, were identified according to uniform customized protocol...
2014: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Tibor Farkas, Cindy Wong Ping Lun
To investigate recovirus infections and their association with zoonosis, the prevalence of the virus-neutralizing antibody against three recovirus serotypes was tested in the general population and in zookeepers. Neutralizing antibodies were detected in a significantly higher number of zookeepers than in the general population but with significantly lower titers than in macaques.
August 2014: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Xiao-Jun Yao, Hong-Wei Zhnag, Qiang Pu, Lun-Xu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in patterns of primary bronchogenic carcinoma. METHODS: We reviewed clinical data of patients with primary bronchogenic carcinoma, who were identified as permanent residents of Sichuan province and were treated in West China Hospital of Sichuan University in 2000 and 2010. The distributions of gender, age, urban/rural residency, smoking history, occupational exposure and histological types of tumor were compared between the 2000 group and 2010 group...
March 2014: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
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