keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kerala

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#1
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667903/posterior-mitral-leaflet-plication-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy
#2
Praveen Kerala Varma, Neethu Krishna, Hisham Ahamed, Sujatha Madassery
Anomalies of the mitral valve apparatus in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are an important cause of systolic anterior motion. Patients with significant residual obstruction due to systolic anterior motion after myectomy and anterior mitral leaflet plication may end up having mitral valve replacement. We describe the case of a 52-year-old man who underwent posterior mitral leaflet plication to correct residual systolic anterior motion after anterior mitral leaflet plication.
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659928/detection-of-aedes-stegomyia-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-populations-in-southern-alabama-following-a-26-yr-absence-and-public-perceptions-of-the-threat-of-zika-virus
#3
Sarah Zohdy, Wayde C Morse, Derrick Mathias, Victoria Ashby, Sarah Lessard
With the establishment of Zika virus in the Americas, an accurate understanding of the geographic range of its primary vector, Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae), is vital to assessing transmission risk. In an article published in June 2016, Hahn and colleagues compiled county-level records in the United States for the presence of Ae. aegypti and Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) reported between January 1995 and March 2016. Despite ecological suitability for both mosquito species along the Gulf Coast, Ae...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657388/occurrence-and-quantification-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-from-food-matrices
#4
C Sethulekshmi, C Latha, C J Anu
Aim: The objective of the study was to detect Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and develop a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay to quantify the bacterial DNA present in different food matrices. Materials and Methods: A total of 758 samples were collected during a period from January 2015 to December 2016 from Kozhikode, Thrissur, and Alappuzha districts of Kerala. The samples consisted of raw milk (135), pasteurized milk (100), beef (132), buffalo meat (130), chevon (104), beef kheema (115), and beef sausage (42)...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657209/spectrum-of-biopsy-proven-renal-diseases-a-single-center-experience
#5
Lakshminarayana R Gopaliah, Indu Sudakaran, Seethalekshmy Vijayan Nalumakkal, Ranjit Narayanan, Biju Meckattuparamban Vareed
Kidney biopsy is one of the most important tools in the assessment of kidney disease as histopathological diagnosis promotes evidence-based practice in Nephrology. This study included 271 consecutive percutaneous kidney biopsies (145 males and 126 females) performed at EMS Memorial Cooperative Hospital, Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India, from September 2009 to March 2016. Among the biopsy-proven renal diseases (BPRD), primary glomerular diseases (PGD) were the most common (77.78%) followed by secondary glomerular diseases (SGD) (12...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653328/a-pragmatic-study-on-efficacy-tolerability-and-long-term-acceptance-of-ketogenic-diet-therapy-in-74-south-indian-children-with-pharmacoresistant-epilepsy
#6
Neena Baby, Kollencheri Puthenveettil Vinayan, Nivedita Pavithran, Arun Grace Roy
PURPOSE: Significant challenges exist for Ketogenic Diet (KD) programs in many populations, mainly due to the variations in local dietary preferences. Here we report a single center experience of KD therapy in a cohort of South Indian children with pharmaco-resistant epilepsies. METHODS: Children aged 0-18 years, enrolled in the KD program for pharmacoresistant epilepsies of Amrita institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India (2010 - 2015) were included in this pragmatic study...
March 21, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649883/role-of-geographic-information-system-in-assessing-determinants-of-cardiovascular-disease-an-experience-from-a-low-and-middle-income-country
#7
Mathew Joseph Valamparampil, Ananth Mohan, Chinu Jose, Deepthi Kottassery Sadheesan, Jemin Jose Aby, Prasannakumar Vasudevakaimal, Sara Varghese, Anish Tekkumkara Surendrannair, Achu Laila Ashokan, Resmi Santhakumari Madhusoodhanan, Insija Selene Ilyas, Amjith Rajeevan, Sreekanth Balakrishnan Karthikeyan, Krishna Sulochana Devadhas, Rajesh Raghunath, Sethulekshmi Surendran, Harikrishnan Muraleedharanpillai, Zinia Thajudeen Nujum
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The determinants of CVD in an urban population using conventional and geographic information system techniques were attempted as a community-based census-type cross-sectional study in Kerala, India, among 1649 individuals residing in 452 households. Sociodemographic details, risk factor exposures, and self-reported disease prevalence were determined. Location of houses, wells from which subjects drew drinking water, and distances of the house from the outer road (proxy for air pollution) were mapped using differential global positioning system and pH of water samples determined...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607365/frequency-distribution-of-porcine-rotavirus-a-and-capsid-protein-gene-based-sequence-and-phylogenetic-analysis-indicating-marked-heterogeneity-among-prevailing-strains-india
#8
Jobin Jose Kattoor, Sharad Saurabh, Shubhankar Sircar, Obli Rajendran Vinodhkumar, Ujjwal Kumar De, Kuldeep Dhama, Souvik Ghosh, Raj Kumar Singh, Yashpal Singh Malik
Rotavirus (RV), is an etiological agent of acute infantile diarrhea in both humans and animals including poultry. Among the eight accepted species/types of RVs, RV-A is genetically and antigenically the most diverse. RV-A associated enteritis is a major problem in the weaning and post-weaning piglets. Due to high genetic variability in the antigenic regions, RV-A is thought to have high interspecies jumping probability. In this study, comparatively a large sized sample (n = 757) was screened, where the samples were collected from diarrheic porcine population of north (Uttar Pradesh), North eastern (Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Tripura, Manipur, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh) and Southern states of India (Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu)...
March 2018: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599581/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-among-patients-receiving-antiresorptive-medication-a-4-year-retrospective-study-at-a-tertiary-cancer-center-kerala-india
#9
Pramod S Sankar, S A Thilak, P Nayak, J P Tripathy, B Satheesan, A V Rajitha
Purpose: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a rare but complicated side effect of antiresorptive medications. The aim of the study is to evaluate the dental and drug-related factors related to ONJ among patients on these drugs at a tertiary cancer center, India. Methodology: A retrospective record review of patients who received antiresorptive medication at our center from 2011 to 2014 was done. The demographic factors, type, dosage, and duration of the medication and dental history were collected, and the data were entered an analyzed using Epidata software...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584725/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-risk-factors-in-kerala-south-india-analysis-of-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
S Harikrishnan, Smitha Sarma, G Sanjay, P Jeemon, M N Krishnan, K Venugopal, P P Mohanan, L Jeyaseelan, K R Thankappan, G Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death and disability in Kerala, India. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a constellation of established risk factors for CAD. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of MS and evaluate the association between MS and CAD using a community-based sample population. METHODS: A cross-sectional community based survey was conducted in urban and rural areas of Kerala in 2011. We included 5063 individuals for analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582845/the-burden-of-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-women-in-india-how-have-iron-and-folic-acid-interventions-fared
#11
Rajesh Kumar Rai, Wafaie W Fawzi, Anamitra Barik, Abhijit Chowdhury
Iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among women in India is a problem of major public health significance. Using data from three waves of the National Family Health Survey, this article discusses the burden of and trend in IDA among women in India, and discusses the level of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation and its potential role in reducing the burden of IDA. Between 2005-2006 and 2015-2016, IDA in India decreased by only 3.5 percentage points (from 56.5% in 2005-2006 to 53.0% in 2015-2016) for women aged 15-49 years...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581693/large-solitary-plexiform-neurofibroma-of-the-penis-without-erectile-dysfunction-a-case-report-from-kerala
#12
Shanavas Cholakkal, Subhash V C, Gokul Nachiketh
Case Report: Solitary plexiform neurofibroma of the penis is an extremely rare peripheral nerve lesion with only about 20 cases reported all around the world. Here, we are reporting a case of solitary penile plexiform neurofibroma with sexual dysfunction due to difficulty in penetration. This 47-year-old gentleman presented with a swelling on the dorsal side of the penis. He was aware of the swelling for the last 15 years. The swelling was slow growing and there was no associated loss of sensation or sexual dysfunction...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579433/awareness-of-health-care-workers-patients-and-visitors-regarding-air-borne-infection-control-a-descriptive-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-kerala-southern-india
#13
P T James, Akhilesh Kunoor, P S Rakesh
Airborne infections are major public health concern especially in hospitals and public spaces in a highly populated country like India. Generating awareness about good infection control practices among common man and health care workers are important steps in curtailing transmission of air borne infections. In this study we were trying to assess the awareness of airborne infection control measures among patients, bystanders and healthcare workers in a tertiary care hospital at Kochi, Kerala. Self-administered questionnaire which included 10 questions for health care staff and 12 questions for lay men prepared on the basis of NAIC and NCDC guideline were given to the study participants...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569172/a-retrospective-evaluation-of-the-perioperative-drug-use-and-comparison-of-its-cost-in-robotic-vs-open-surgery-for-endometrial-cancer
#14
Reshu Agarwal, Anupama Rajanbabu, U G Unnikrishnan
To compare the usage and cost of analgesics (opioid and non-opioids), antiemetics, and IV fluids and its associated costs in robotic vs open staging surgery for endometrial cancer (EC). This retrospective study was performed at a single academic institution from January 2014 to June 2017 in the department of Gynecology Oncology at Amrita Institute of Medical Science, Kerala, India. The study included women with biopsy confirmed clinically early stage endometrial cancer or atypical hyperplasia, who underwent robotic-assisted or open staging surgery...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560461/development-of-single-step-rt-pcr-for-detection-of-kyasanur-forest-disease-virus-from-clinical-samples
#15
Gouri Chaubal, Prasad Sarkale, Pravin Kore, Pragya Yadav
Background: Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD), a tick borne flavivirus, which was earlier endemic to Karnataka state, India, has been confirmed and detected from neighboring states of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Goa and Kerala states in India. Increased human and vector surveillance therefore becomes essential for the identification of KFD affected regions and control of further spread of the disease. Currently, available KFD detection assays include realtime RT-PCR and nested RT-PCR assays...
February 2018: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555061/frequency-of-chromosome-aberrations-among-adult-male-individuals-from-high-and-normal-level-natural-radiation-areas-of-kerala-in-the-southwest-coast-of-india
#16
Karuppasamy C V, Ramachandran E N, Anil Kumar V, Vivek Kumar P R, Koya P K M, Jaikrishan G, Birajalaxmi Das
Chromosome aberration analysis was carried out in peripheral blood lymphocytes of adult male individuals from normal level natural radiation areas (NLNRA, ≤1.5 mGy/year, N = 27) and high level natural radiation areas (HLNRA, >1.5mGy/year, N = 70) of Kerala coast in southwest India. The mean age of individuals from NLNRA and HLNRA was 40.9 ± 9.4 and 43.7 ± 12.4 years, respectively, with an overall mean of 42.9 ± 11.6 (range: 18-80). Whole-blood cultures were set up and about 260 metaphases were scored per individual...
April 2018: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530659/emergence-of-novel-reassortant-h6n2-avian-influenza-viruses-in-ducks-in-india
#17
Manoj Kumar, Shanmugasundaram Nagarajan, Harshad V Murugkar, Barnalee Saikia, Bharati Singh, Amit Mishra, Sushil K Tripathi, Sonam Agarwal, Shweta Shukla, Diwakar D Kulkarni, Vijendra Pal Singh, Chakradhar Tosh
H6 subtype avian influenza viruses (AIV), established in terrestrial poultry, have jumped species barriers and caused human infection indicating pandemic potential of the virus. Here, we report isolation, and antigenic and genetic characterization of two H6N2 viruses isolated from apparently healthy domestic ducks in Kerala and Assam, India during 2014 and 2015, respectively. Hemagglutination inhibition assay revealed antigenic divergence between the two isolates. This result was corroborated by amino acid differences at 55 positions (15...
March 9, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519980/dentists-attitudes-and-perceptions-toward-protective-mouthguards
#18
S Raghavan, P Dayal, K Philip, M S Gahlot
Objectives (Background): Risk of dental injury from contact sports can be prevented by the use of mouthguards. Dentists provide excellent information regarding mouthguards. Thus, the aim was to assess the awareness among dentists regarding the same, the level of training in fabricating a mouthguard and whether they regularly recommend one for their athletically active patients. Materials and Methods: This institutional cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College, Kottayam, and Kerala, India...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512568/factors-associated-with-maternal-near-miss-a-study-from-kerala
#19
R P Reena, K R Radha
Severe life-threatening situations leading to a "near-miss" event may arise unexpectedly in pregnancy. Delay in seeking help, delayed access to care, and poor quality of emergency obstetric services can lead to undesirable outcomes. Women meeting the WHO "near-miss" criteria were assessed using a cross-sectional study design. These women were interviewed to evaluate the circumstances leading to a near-miss event. Reasons for delays in getting proper care were studied using the "3 delays' model...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502869/immunomodulatory-activities-of-acacia-catechu-a-traditional-thirst-quencher-of-south-india
#20
M A Sunil, V S Sunitha, E K Radhakrishnan, M Jyothis
BACKGROUND: Acacia catechu has been widely used in Ayurveda for treating many diseases. Its heartwood extract is used in asthma, cough, bronchitis, colic, diarrhea, dysentery, boils, skin afflictions, sores and for stomatitis. The decoction of heartwood is used for drinking purpose in southern part of India especially in Kerala. OBJECTIVE: The current study was carried out to scientifically evaluate immunomodulatory effects of heartwood extracts of A. catechu in Swiss albino mice...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
keyword
keyword
92839
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"