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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090684/predict-pd-an-online-approach-to-prospectively-identify-risk-indicators-of-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Alastair J Noyce, Lea R'Bibo, Luisa Peress, Jonathan P Bestwick, Kerala L Adams-Carr, Niccolo E Mencacci, Christopher H Hawkes, Joseph M Masters, Nicholas Wood, John Hardy, Gavin Giovannoni, Andrew J Lees, Anette Schrag
BACKGROUND: A number of early features can precede the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To test an online, evidence-based algorithm to identify risk indicators of PD in the UK population. METHODS: Participants aged 60 to 80 years without PD completed an online survey and keyboard-tapping task annually over 3 years, and underwent smell tests and genotyping for glucocerebrosidase (GBA) and leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutations...
January 16, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072853/terrestrial-macrofungal-diversity-from-the-tropical-dry-evergreen-biome-of-southern-india-and-its-potential-role-in-aerobiology
#2
Hema Priyamvada, M Akila, Raj Kamal Singh, R Ravikrishna, R S Verma, Ligy Philip, R R Marathe, L K Sahu, K P Sudheer, S S Gunthe
Macrofungi have long been investigated for various scientific purposes including their food and medicinal characteristics. Their role in aerobiology as a fraction of the primary biological aerosol particles (PBAPs), however, has been poorly studied. In this study, we present a source of macrofungi with two different but interdependent objectives: (i) to characterize the macrofungi from a tropical dry evergreen biome in southern India using advanced molecular techniques to enrich the database from this region, and (ii) to assess whether identified species of macrofungi are a potential source of atmospheric PBAPs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066009/factors-associated-with-resilience-in-wives-of-individuals-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#3
Sreeja Sreekumar, T P Subhalakshmi, P Joseph Varghese
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental health and resilience of family members of individuals with alcohol dependence affect their ability to cope with stress, maintain emotional well-being, and to positively adapt to their difficult life circumstances. This study attempted to study resilience among wives of men with alcohol dependence syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence and their wives attending the Department of Psychiatry, MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, over a 1-year period were recruited...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057194/budget-impact-of-polio-immunization-strategy-for-india-introduction-of-one-dose-of-inactivated-poliomyelitis-vaccine-and-reductions-in-supplemental-polio-immunization
#4
M M Khan, S Sharma, B Tripathi, F P Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a budget impact analysis (BIA) of introducing the immunization recommendations of India Expert Advisory Group (IEAG) for the years 2015-2017. The recommendations include introduction of one inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) dose in the regular child immunization programme along with reductions in oral polio vaccine (OPV) doses in supplemental programmes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a national level analysis of budget impact of new polio immunization recommendations...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050494/prosthetic-status-needs-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol-in-the-elderly-population-of-aluva-india
#5
Albin Geo Joseph, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Anil Mathew
INTRODUCTION: Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQOL), being a patient-centred outcome has profound association with the existing prosthetic status and needs. AIM: To assess the association between the prosthetic status and needs with OHRQOL in the elderly population of Aluva, Kochi, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the elderly residing in the municipal wards of Aluva municipality, Kochi, Kerala, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050472/use-of-lung-ultrasound-for-diagnosing-acute-heart-failure-in-emergency-department-of-southern-india
#6
Manav Aggarwal, Mrigakshi Gupta, Vikrant Vijan, Anjith Vupputuri, Sanjeev Chintamani, Bishnukiran Rajendran, Rajesh Thachathodiyal, Rajiv Chandrasekaran
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing heart failure is often a challenge for the healthcare providers due to it's non-specific and usually subtle physical presentations. The outcomes for treatment are strongly related to the stage of the disease. Considering the importance of early and accurate diagnosis, it is important to have an easy, inexpensive, non-invasive, reliable and reproducible method for diagnosis of heart failure. Recent advancement in radiology and cardiology are supporting the emerging technique of lung ultrasound through B-line evaluation for identifying extravascular lung water...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050425/severe-left-ventricular-endomyocardial-fibrosis-presenting-as-biventricular-failure-in-a-young-adult-a-case-report
#7
Harpreet Singh Sandhu, Sampathkumar Mahadevappa Mahendrakar, Rajebali Ramzanali Pethani, Azizullah Hafizullah Khan, Yunus Shafi Loya
Endomyocardial Fibrosis (EMF) is a form of progressive restrictive cardiomyopathy of unclear aetiology prevalent in areas within 15(0) of equator including coastal areas of Kerala a few decades back. It inflicts young adults and carries a poor prognosis due to limited options for treatment. Fortunately, the incidence of cases is now declining due to improvement in health and hygiene standards. Here, we review the aetiology and pathogenesis of EMF and report a case of a young male from Mumbai (non-endemic area) presenting with progressively worsening breathlessness and signs of heart failure unresponsive to conventional medical treatment...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050417/diffuse-parenchymal-lung-diseases-with-clinicoradiological-discordance-role-of-transbronchial-lung-biopsy-as-a-diagnostic-tool-an-observational-study
#8
K P Suraj, Kiran Vishnu Narayan, Jyothi Edakalavan, Neethu Kesava Kumar
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Disease (DPLD) requires a multidisciplinary approach with reconciliation of clinicoradiological and histopathological data. But when the preliminary clinicoradiological profile fails to suggest a diagnosis, an adequate lung biopsy specimen with meticulous histological examination and a multidisciplinary approach usually yields results. There is also a high chance of sampling error due to patchy and heterogeneous involvement of the disease process and due to the small volume of tissue taken...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050409/prevalence-of-anaemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-adolescent-girls-of-central-kerala
#9
P M Siva, A Sobha, V D Manjula
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent age group is the window of opportunity to correct nutritional status of children. If we intervene correctly during this period we can prevent future consequences of nutritional deficiencies. Very few studies have been conducted in kerala regarding adolescent anaemia. AIM: To estimate prevalence of anaemia and its associated factors among adolescent girls of central Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 257 adolescent girls of ettumanoor panchayat, the field practice area of Government Medical College, Kottayam...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050392/paediatric-prescription-analysis-in-a-primary-health-care-institution
#10
Jinish Jose, Denny Devassykutty
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric prescription analysis was done by vari-ous studies in tertiary care centers but not much published data, at primary care level. The Medical Council of India introduced new prescription format and also antibiotic stewardship program was launched by Government of Kerala in the year 2015. So in these contexts this study was conducted. AIM: To analyse the patterns of prescriptions and drug dis-pensing in pediatric patients using WHO core drug use indicators and parameters in the prescription format prescribed by Medical Council of India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041839/microplastic-pollution-in-vembanad-lake-kerala-india-the-first-report-of-microplastics-in-lake-and-estuarine-sediments-in-india
#11
S Sruthy, E V Ramasamy
We present the first study of microplastics in the sediments of Vembanad Lake, a Ramsar site in India. Microplastics are emerging pollutants of increasing environmental concern with a particle size of <5 mm, which originate from successive degradation of larger plastic debris or are manufactured as small granules and used in many applications. The impact of microplastics pollution on the environment and biota is not well known. Vast data exist in the literature on marine microplastics while reports on freshwater ecosystems are scarce...
December 29, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038717/american-college-of-cardiology-acc-s-pinnacle-india-quality-improvement-program-piqip-inception-progress-and-future-direction-a-report-from-the-piqip-investigators
#12
Ankur Kalra, Nathan Glusenkamp, Karen Anderson, Ram N Kalra, Prafulla G Kerkar, Ganesh Kumar, Thomas M Maddox, William J Oetgen, Salim S Virani
Cardiovascular diseases have surpassed infectious disorders to become the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in India.(1) A national-level registry comprehensively documenting the current-day prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and disease burden among patients seeking care in the outpatient setting in India is currently non-existent. With a burgeoning urban population, the cardiovascular disease burden in India is set to skyrocket, with an estimated 18 million productive years of life lost by 2030...
December 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034341/genetic-diversity-and-relationship-of-indian-muscovy-duck-populations
#13
Paramasivam Kameshpandian, Subhash Thomas, Muniyandi Nagarajan
Assessment of genetic diversity within and between populations is a prerequisite for sustainable utilization of domestic species. The domestic Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) is an economically important species around the world for its unique meat taste and low-caloric content. It is one of the important domestic species in India as it ensures food security to the rural sectors. In this study, we have analyzed the genetic diversity and relationship of four Muscovy duck populations collected from different states (Assam, Mizoram, Odisha and Kerala) of India using mtDNA cytochrome b and nuclear DNA CYP2U1 genes...
December 30, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006797/redescription-and-range-extension-of-i-microhyla-i-i-sholigari-i-dutta-amp-ray-amphibia-anura-microhylidae-from-south-west-india
#14
Kadaba Shamanna Seshadri, H Priti, G Ravikanth, M K Vidisha, K K Vineeth, Ramit Singal, R R Sarma, N A Aravind, Kotambylu Vasudeva Gururaja
Microhyla sholigari is an endangered frog described in the year 2000. The original description was based on non-adult types and lacked information on several morphological characters, call structure, genetic material and photographs of the animal in life. The absence of such information posed challenges in field identification of this species. Since the original description, there is one other reported sighting of this species from Kerala in 2001. We encountered specimens that we confer to this species based on morphological similarity to the subadult holotype, from several new localities within and outside the Western Ghats of Karnataka...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004017/development-of-a-multiplex-rt-pcr-for-simultaneous-diagnosis-of-human-metapneumovirus-hmpv-and-human-respiratory-syncytial-virus-hrsv-from-clinical-specimens
#15
Seetha Dayakar, Heera R Pillai, Vineetha P Thulasi, Radhakrishnan R Nair
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) and human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) are ubiquitous respiratory viral pathogens. They belong to the family Paramyxoviridae (subfamily Pneumovirinae) and is responsible for acute respiratory tract infections in children, elderly and immunocompromised patients. We designed and tested a multiplex reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (mRT-PCR) as a cost-effective alternative to real-time PCR and cell culture based detection for HMPV and HRSV. The newly developed PCR was used to screen nasal/throat swab samples from 356 patients with suspected acute respiratory infection attending the Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India...
December 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002043/radiation-dose-due-to-radon-and-thoron-progeny-inhalation-in-high-level-natural-radiation-areas-of-kerala-india
#16
Yasutaka Omori, Shinji Tokonami, Sarata Kumar Sahoo, Tetsuo Ishikawa, Atsuyuki Sorimachi, Masahiro Hosoda, Hiromi Kudo, Chanis Pornnumpa, Raghu Ram K Nair, Padmavaty Amma Jayalekshmi, Paul Sebastian, Suminori Akiba
In order to evaluate internal exposure to radon and thoron, concentrations for radon, thoron, and thoron progeny were measured for 259 dwellings located in high background radiation areas (HBRAs, outdoor external dose: 3-5 mGy y(-1)) and low background radiation areas (control areas, outdoor external dose: 1 mGy y(-1)) in Karunagappally Taluk, Kerala, India. The measurements were conducted using passive-type radon-thoron detectors and thoron progeny detectors over two six-month measurement periods from June 2010 to June 2011...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998498/tb-management-by-private-practitioners-is-it-bad-everywhere
#17
P S Rakesh, Shibu Balakrishnan, S Jayasankar, R V Asokan
INTRODUCTION: Poor prescribing practice is alleged to be one of the major factors fuelling the drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR TB) emergence. A study in Mumbai revealed the extent of inappropriate tuberculosis (TB) management practices of private practitioners and discussed that with the context of high DR TB. Kerala is rated among the well performing States in India as far as TB control is concerned with evidences for a lower level of TB transmission and DR TB. The current study was done in Kerala State to assess the prescribing practices of private sector doctors in the treatment of TB...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988705/checklist-of-the-earthworms-oligochaeta-of-kerala-a-constituent-of-western-ghats-biodiversity-hotspot-india
#18
S Prasanth Narayanan, S Sathrumithra, G Christopher, A P Thomas, J M Julka
A checklist of earthworm species hitherto known from Kerala, a constituent of the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot in India, is presented. In total, 88 species and subspecies are recorded, of which 55 are Kerala endemics, 9 near endemics, 14 exotics and 10 native peregrines. These belong to 26 genera and 9 families. The checklist includes the literature citation to the original description, type locality, any significant subsequent generic placements, and the district distributional pattern for each species/ subspecies...
November 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988690/review-of-the-genus-i-signoretia-i-hemiptera-cicadellidae-signoretiinae-of-the-oriental-region-with-description-of-nine-new-species
#19
C A Viraktamath
Species of Signoretia Stål from the Oriental region are reviewed and types of five species described by Baker, two species described by Distant and one species described by Schmidt are illustrated. A checklist of 20 species of the genus from the Oriental region including 9 new species is given. The new species described and illustrated are Signoretia dulitensis sp. nov. (Malaysia: Mt Dulit), S. lunglei sp. nov. (India: Mizoram), S. mishmiensis sp. nov. (Myanmar: Mishmi Hills), S. quoinensis sp. nov. (Malaysia: Quoin Hill), S...
November 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972759/temperature-real-time-on-site-potency-monitoring-studies-of-different-brands-of-cephalexin-tablets-stored-in-hospital-and-community-pharmacies-in-different-part-of-kerala
#20
sS Kiron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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