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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902384/emergence-of-carp-edema-virus-cev-in-cultured-ornamental-koi-carp-cyprinus-carpio-koi-in-india
#1
T Raja Swaminathan, Raj Kumar, Arathi Dharmaratnam, Valaparambil S Basheer, Neeraj Sood, Parvatha Kumar Pradhan, N K Sanil, P Vijayagopal, Joykrushna Jena
A disease outbreak was reported in adult koi, Cyprinus carpio koi from a fish farm in Kerala, India during June 2015. The clinical signs were observed only in recently introduced adult koi, and existing population of fish did not show any clinical signs or mortality. Microscopic examination of wet mounts from the gills of affected koi revealed minor infestation of Dactylogyrus sp. in a few koi. In bacteriological studies, only opportunistic bacteria were isolated from the gills of affected fish. The histopathological examination of the affected fish revealed necrotic changes in gills and importantly, virus particles were demonstrated in cytoplasm of gill epithelial cells in transmission electron microscopy...
October 31, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891449/oral-health-status-and-treatment-needs-of-paniya-tribes-in-kerala
#2
Iris Valsan, Joe Joseph, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Shamaz Mohamed
INTRODUCTION: The tribal communities of Kerala have been largely left out of the gains of the Kerala model of development. AIM: The study was aimed to obtain baseline data of oral health status and treatment needs of Paniyas, in Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive population based survey of adult Paniya belonging to index age groups of 35-44 years and 65-74 years was conducted. The study population comprised of 420 subjects drawn from three talukas by stratified cluster sampling...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890950/healthcare-seeking-preferences-of-patients-with-sexually-transmitted-infection-attending-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-kerala
#3
Sabeena Jayapalan
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem in developing countries. These diseases are associated with increased risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus as well as adverse outcomes on pregnancy and reproductive health. Sexual behavior and healthcare-seeking behavior are identified as the true risk factors of STIs. METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional study design was adopted. Eighty-five STI patients were studied regarding the inappropriate treatment-seeking behavior, the nature of the first point of contact with the health care, the appropriateness of treatment and the concerns of the patient regarding the services rendered by government health-care facilities...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889721/concept-of-health-care-counseling-for-pediatricians
#4
M Kc Nair, M L Leena, K Ajithkumar
Health care counseling (HCC) is a relatively new concept that amalgamates human biology, human psychology and medical sociology principles, and applies the same in real-time clinical situations. In India, there is a real paucity of trained mental health personnel, and hence counseling services are restricted to few departments. HCC is especially important for the child population, as the pediatricians need to partner the parenting responsibilities in different illness care settings covering the period from newborn to adolescence...
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876995/two-new-species-of-xiphidiocercariae-from-the-apple-snail-pila-virens-in-malabar-kerala
#5
N K Sanil, K P Janardanan
Two new species of xiphidiocercariae, Cercaria sp. XIV Malabar n. sp. and Cercaria sp. XV Malabar n. sp. were recovered from the apple snail Pila virens collected from freshwater bodies in the Malabar region of Kerala. Cercaria sp. XIV Malabar n. sp. was recovered from P. virens collected from Modakkallur in Kozhikode district and Cercaria sp. XV Malabar n. sp. from the same snail species collected from Payyanur in Kannur district. Sporocysts were also recovered from the infected snail hosts. The two new species of cercariae are described in detail and compared with related species to establish their systematic position...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870929/a-clinical-study-of-cutaneous-changes-in-pregnancy
#6
Vinitha V Panicker, Najeeba Riyaz, P K Balachandran
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women experience a myriad of physiological and metabolic changes that affect different organ systems in the body. Cutaneous and appendageal alterations that manifest during pregnancy are largely modulated by hormonal, immunologic, and metabolic factors. Detailed reports encompassing physiological changes and specific dermatoses of pregnancy and effects of various dermatoses on pregnant women are scanty in literature. This study was conducted to examine in detail both physiological changes and specific dermatoses...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861500/development-of-a-tool-to-stage-households-readiness-to-change-dietary-behaviours-in-kerala-india
#7
Meena Daivadanam, T K Sundari Ravindran, K R Thankappan, P S Sarma, Rolf Wahlström
Dietary interventions and existing health behaviour theories are centred on individuals; therefore, none of the available tools are applicable to households for changing dietary behaviour. The objective of this pilot study was to develop a practical tool that could be administered by community volunteers to stage households in rural Kerala based on readiness to change dietary behaviour. Such a staging tool, comprising a questionnaire and its algorithm, focusing five dietary components (fruits, vegetables, salt, sugar and oil) and households (rather than individuals), was finalised through three consecutive pilot validation sessions, conducted over a four-month period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851823/molecular-and-morphological-study-of-leaping-frogs-anura-ranixalidae-with-description-of-two-new-species
#8
Sonali Garg, S D Biju
The monotypic anuran family Ranixalidae is endemic to India, with a predominant distribution in the Western Ghats, a region that is home to several unique amphibian lineages. It is also one of the three ancient anuran families that diversified on the Indian landmass long before several larger radiations of extant frogs in this region. In recent years, ranixalids have been subjected to DNA barcoding and systematic studies. Nearly half of the presently recognized species in this family have been described over the last three years, along with recognition of a new genus to accommodate three previously known members...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843851/predictors-of-outcome-in-patients-admitted-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-a-rural-tertiary-care-center
#9
Abraham M Ittyachen, Smitha Krishnamoorthy, Arun N Bhatt, Shanavas Abdulla, Jijo Oommen Roy, M Sugathan, Kevin Ambadan, Jelty Kuriakose
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a high degree of mortality and morbidity around the world with the burden of the disease being more in the developing countries. In the Indian context data is limited. This study was carried out to determine the predictors of outcome in patients admitted with acute exacerbation of COPD in a rural Tertiary Care Center in the state of Kerala. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843820/md-family-medicine-calicut-experience-history-is-made-here
#10
REVIEW
M Roshni
Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala - the first medical college in India to start Doctor of Medicine (MD) in family medicine as a postgraduate course. This was in the year 2012. Till date, this is the only medical college to have MD Family Medicine program in India. The college was allowed two MD Family Medicine seats per year by the Medical Council of India, and this is a 3 year course. The first batch of MD Family Medicine students has passed out from the Government Medical College, Calicut in July 2015...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833341/minimizing-relapse-in-mandibular-asymmetry-correction-by-bssro-with-intentional-osteotomy-of-distal-segment-a-prospective-study
#11
R Vimalraj, N Jayakumar, K George Varghese, S Mohan, Bobby John, Somil Chhag
INTRODUCTION: Surgical correction of the patients with mandibular asymmetry by bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) creats remarkable results in the immediate post operative period, but it carries a high risk of relapse by powerful muscle forces and the osteotomized segments. To minimize this risk, literatures highlight the procedure of an intentional osteotomy and stripping of muscles. A prospective study was conducted in Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, to assess the effect of intentional osteotomy of posterior part of distal segment and stripping of medial pterygoid muscle on the proximal segment on affected side in mandibular asymmetry patients treated with BSSRO...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833221/profile-of-patients-attending-psychogeriatric-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-setting
#12
Suresh Neethu, P V Indu, Prabhakaran Anil
BACKGROUND: Proportion of elderly is increasing among the total population of Kerala, and mental health problems of this group are unique. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and sociodemographic profile of patients attending Psychogeriatric Clinic in a tertiary care center and to study the correlation of sociodemographic and clinical variables with psychiatric diagnoses in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients, who attended the Psychogeriatric Clinic of a tertiary care center over a period of 1 year, was done...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831478/radio-adaptive-response-in-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-of-individuals-residing-in-high-level-natural-radiation-areas-of-kerala-in-the-southwest-coast-of-india
#13
E N Ramachandran, C V Karuppasamy, V Anil Kumar, D C Soren, P R Vivek Kumar, P K M Koya, G Jaikrishan, Birajalaxmi Das
The present study investigates whether the chronic low-dose radiation exposure induces an in vivo radio-adaptive response in individuals from high-level natural radiation areas (HLNRA) of the Kerala coast. Peripheral blood samples from 54 adult male individuals aged between 26 and 65 years were collected for the study with written informed consent. Each of the whole blood sample was divided into three, one was sham irradiated, second and third was exposed to challenging doses of 1.0 and 2.0 Gy gamma radiation, respectively...
November 9, 2016: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829748/attitude-and-awareness-of-general-dental-practitioners-toward-radiation-hazards-and-safety
#14
B S Aravind, E Tatu Joy, M Shashi Kiran, J Eugenia Sherubin, S Sajesh, P Redwin Dhas Manchil
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim and objective is to evaluate the level of awareness and attitude about radiation hazards and safety practices among general dental practitioners in Trivandrum District, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 general dental practitioners in Trivandrum District, Kerala, India. Postanswering the questions, a handout regarding radiation safety and related preventive measures was distributed to encourage radiation understanding and protection...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811115/genome-sequence-of-pandoraea-sp-istkb-a-lignin-degrading-betaproteobacterium-isolated-from-rhizospheric-soil
#15
Madan Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Gazara, Sandhya Verma, Manish Kumar, Praveen Kumar Verma, Indu Shekhar Thakur
We report here the genome sequence of Pandoraea sp. ISTKB, a betaproteobacterium isolated from rhizospheric soil in the backwaters of Alappuzha, Kerala, India. The strain is alkalotolerant and grows on medium containing lignin as a sole carbon source. Genes and pathways related to lignin degradation were complemented by genomic analysis.
November 3, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807640/do-high-school-students-in-india-gamble-a-study-of-problem-gambling-and-its-correlates
#16
T S Jaisoorya, K V Beena, M Beena, K Ellangovan, K Thennarassu, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Vivek Benegal, Sanju George
Studies from the West suggest that significant numbers of high school students gamble, despite it being illegal in this age group. To date, there have been no studies on the prevalence of gambling among senior high school and higher secondary school students in India. This study reports point prevalence of gambling and its psychosocial correlates among high school students in the State of Kerala, India. 5043 high school students in the age group 15-19 years, from 73 schools, were selected by cluster random sampling from the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, South India...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803573/end-of-life-characteristics-of-the-elderly-an-assessment-of-home-based-palliative-services-in-two-panchayats-of-kerala
#17
R Jayalakshmi, Suhita Chopra Chatterjee, Debolina Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Home-based palliative services form the cornerstone of Kerala's palliative program. However, two issues need research: (a) whether family-homes can be considered as the locus of ageing and dying for marginal populations who experience deprivation and poverty and (b) whether the present delivery structure meets the needs of elderly population. These issues are examined in the context of two rural areas. The study explores end-of-life characteristics of the elderly - their sociodemographic status and living patterns, morbidity profile, and functional status...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790418/body-donation-consent-from-non-related-persons-case-series-review-and-recommendations
#18
S S S N Rajasekhar, K Aravindhan, V Gladwin, Parkash Chand
Learning anatomy by dissection of cadavers is the best way to learn anatomy. Voluntary body donation is one of the sources of procuring cadavers. In the case of donations after hospital or non-institutional deaths, the family members of the deceased approach the hospital authorities regarding body donation of the deceased. There are situations, where there is no available accompanying near relatives of the deceased, which pose a challenge for personnel involved in the process of body donation. In two of the reported cases, the body donation was done by the live-in partner and a friend of the deceased...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773412/pulmonary-hypertension-registry-of-kerala-prokerala-rationale-design-and-methods
#19
S Harikrishnan, G Sanjay, M Ashishkumar, Jaideep Menon, G Rajesh, R Krishna Kumar
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disease associated with a high morbidity and mortality. There is paucity of data regarding PH from the developing countries including India. Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension is the most important etiological factor in the western world, but PH secondary to rheumatic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and untreated congenital heart disease could well be the predominant causes in developing countries like India. The main objective of the PROKERALA study - Pulmonary hypertension Registry Of Kerala is to collect data regarding the etiology, practice patterns and one-year outcomes of patients diagnosed to have PH...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762105/clinical-profile-and-laboratory-parameters-in-1051-victims-of-snakebite-from-a-single-centre-in-kerala-south-india
#20
J C Menon, J K Joseph, M P Jose, B L Dhananjaya, O V Oommen
INTRODUCTION: Snakebite is an occupational hazard causing considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly so in tropical countries like India. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to (i) review the demographic, clinical and laboratory findings in patients (1051) admitted with venomous snakebite (ii) to correlate mortality, morbidity and duration of hospital stay with clinical signs, symptoms and laboratory parameters. METHODS: A retrospective study of 1051 patients treated for snakebite over 10 years (2000 - 2009) in Little Flower Hospital, Angamaly, Kerala...
August 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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