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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821820/searching-for-signatures-across-microbial-communities-metagenomic-analysis-of-soil-samples-from-mangrove-and-other-ecosystems
#1
Madangchanok Imchen, Ranjith Kumavath, Debmalya Barh, Vasco Avezedo, Preetam Ghosh, Marcus Viana, Alice R Wattam
In this study, we categorize the microbial community in mangrove sediment samples from four different locations within a vast mangrove system in Kerala, India. We compared this data to other samples taken from the other known mangrove data, a tropical rainforest, and ocean sediment. An examination of the microbial communities from a large mangrove forest that stretches across southwestern India showed strong similarities across the higher taxonomic levels. When ocean sediment and a single isolate from a tropical rain forest were included in the analysis, a strong pattern emerged with Bacteria from the phylum Proteobacteria being the prominent taxon among the forest samples...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#2
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796835/correction-seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#3
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178949.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793930/emerging-trends-and-patterns-of-self-reported-morbidity-in-india-evidence-from-three-rounds-of-national-sample-survey
#4
Kalosona Paul, Jayakant Singh
BACKGROUND: India is rapidly undergoing an epidemiological transition with a sudden change in the disease profile of its population. It is important to understand the changing nature of the burden of disease across the states of India for adequate policy intervention. METHODS: We analyzed the trend and pattern of self-reported morbidity across states of India using three rounds of (52nd, 60th and 71st) National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) data. Descriptive analysis was carried out to understand the prevalence of self-reported morbidity variation over a period of two decades (1995-2014) and multivariate analysis was performed to identify the significant determinants of various types of self-reported morbidities...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791731/only-near-is-dear-doing-elderly-care-with-everyday-icts-in-indian-transnational-families
#5
Tanja Ahlin
In Kerala, South India, young people, especially women, are encouraged to become nurses in order to migrate abroad for work and thereby improve the financial status of their family. Meanwhile, many of their parents remain in India by themselves. This is occurring in the context of a strong popular discourse of elder abandonment, related to the local norms of intergenerational co-habitation. Based on fieldwork in Kerala and one of the nurses' destination countries, Oman, I present evidence that complicates this discourse by showing how: (1) migration is a form of elder care practice in itself; and (2) care for the elderly continues across countries and continents with the help of information and communication technologies (ICTs)...
August 9, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790459/dengue-burden-in-india-recent-trends-and-importance-of-climatic-parameters
#6
Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni, Andrew P Morse, Cyril Caminade, Suryanaryana Murty Upadhyayula
For the past ten years, the number of dengue cases has gradually increased in India. Dengue is driven by complex interactions among host, vector and virus that are influenced by climatic factors. In the present study, we focused on the extrinsic incubation period (EIP) and its variability in different climatic zones of India. The EIP was calculated by using daily and monthly mean temperatures for the states of Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Kerala. Among the studied states, a faster/low EIP in Kerala (8-15 days at 30...
August 9, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764165/ocular-dirofilariasis-a-rare-case-from-mumbai-india
#7
Sachee Agrawal, Rahul Agrawal, Jayanthi Shastri
Dirofilariasis is a worldwide zoonotic filariasis. Human dirofilariasis is a zoonotic infection most commonly caused by Dirofilariarepens. Dirofilariasis, caused by Dirofilaria repens, has been reported to occur widely throughout Asia, Europe, and Africa. It has not been widely recognized in India; however, several cases have been reported in the last few years. Ease and frequency of international travel has probably contributed to the increase in the number of cases. There is probably a focus of human infection with D...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762347/barriers-to-dental-care-for-children-with-special-needs-general-dentists-perception-in-kerala-india
#8
Amith Adyanthaya, Natta Sreelakshmi, Sajeela Ismail, Marium Raheema
INTRODUCTION: Special children are among the underserved dental patient groups around the globe. Oral health care for disabled children remain an unmet challenge. One out of two persons with a significant disability cannot find a professional resource to provide appropriate dental care. Identification of barriers can be the first step in addressing the deficiencies in dental care for such patients. AIM: To investigate the perception of dental practitioners in Kerala, India regarding the hurdles faced by them in providing dental care to Special Needs Children including the challenges faced by them...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742382/occurrence-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-listeria-species-and-staphylococcus-aureus-in-cattle-slaughterhouses-of-kerala-south-india
#9
Tanuja K G M Gowda, Latha C, Sunil B, Inge Van Damme
A total of 765 samples were collected from beef carcasses, knives, cutting table surfaces, beef, hands, air, and water from four cattle slaughterhouses of Kerala, South India, to determine the occurrence and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria species and Staphylococcus aureus. Listeria spp. were isolated from beef carcasses (2.0%), knives (3.7%), cutting table surfaces (1.9%), beef (0.7%), and water (1.3%). The identified species were Listeria monocytogenes (0.1%), Listeria innocua (0.9%), and Listeria ivanovii (0...
July 25, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732257/epileptiform-discharges-in-eeg-and-seizure-risk-in-adolescent-children-of-women-with-epilepsy
#10
Joseph Samuel, Manna Jose, V S Nandini, Sanjeev V Thomas
We aimed to study the epileptiform discharges (ED) and seizure risk in EEG of 12-18-year-old children of women with epilepsy (WWE). Children of WWE who were prospectively followed up in the Kerala registry of epilepsy and pregnancy (KREP), aged 12-16years (n=92; males 48, females 44) underwent clinical evaluation and a 30-min digital 18-channel EEG. The EEG showed epileptiform discharges in 13 children (5 males and 8 females). The EDs were generalized in 9 and focal in 4 (occipital 2, frontal 1, and centroparietal 1)...
July 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721988/attitude-of-bachelor-of-dental-surgery-students-and-interns-toward-teaching-learning-process-in-government-dental-college-kottayam-kerala-india
#11
Sandhya Gopalakrishnan, Philip Mathew, Kannan Vaidyanathan
INTRODUCTION: The educational environment affects the academic performance of students. One of the most widely utilized tools for measuring the educational environment is Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM). The objective of the study was to assess the attitude toward study environment, as measured using DREEM questionnaire, and to find out the differences in perception of various batches of dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All Bachelor of Dental Surgery students from Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, India, were included in the study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721957/nutritional-status-of-mid-day-meal-programme-beneficiaries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-kottayam-district-kerala-india
#12
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Vinoda Thulaseedharan Jissa
BACKGROUND: The efficiency of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Programme in India to ensure the optimum nutritional status of its beneficiaries is rarely studied. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the nutritional status of 6-10-year-old schoolchildren who were the beneficiaries of MDM and the child-related factors affecting their nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 322 children from 12 randomly selected primary schools in one block panchayat of Kerala state...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721955/spatiotemporal-clustering-of-dengue-cases-in-thiruvananthapuram-district-kerala
#13
Joanna Sara Valson, Biju Soman
BACKGROUND: Dengue cases are increasing in Kerala since 2010. Information on clustering of cases across locations and time periods is vital for disease surveillance and timely control. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to study spatiotemporal clustering of dengue cases and their climatic and physioenvironmental correlates in Thiruvananthapuram district during 2010-2014. METHODS: Health department data on reported cases of dengue were obtained from January 2011 to June 2014...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705972/whole-genome-sequences-of-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09-virus-isolates-from-kerala-india
#14
Sara Jones, Raji Prasad, Anjana S Nair, Sanjai Dharmaseelan, Remya Usha, Radhakrishnan R Nair, Radhakrishna Madhavan Pillai
We report here the whole-genome sequence of six clinical isolates of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, isolated from Kerala, India. Amino acid analysis of all gene segments from the A(H1N1)pdm09 isolates obtained in 2014 and 2015 identified several new mutations compared to the 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic strain.
July 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702062/jargon-a-barrier-in-case-history-taking-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-dental-students-and-staff
#15
R Subramaniam, R Sanjeev, Suneesh Kuruvilla, Mathew T Joy, B Muralikrishnan, John Paul
BACKGROUND: The use of jargon has become very common in the healthcare field, especially in medical/dental records. Although the use of standard medical jargon can be seen as professional, efficient shorthand, a lack of awareness regarding the standard medical abbreviations and incessant and overzealous use of slang among the healthcare professionals can act as a barrier to effective communication and understanding among patients and peers. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptance and use of jargon in case history taking among clinical dental students and dental teaching faculty members of dental colleges in Ernakulam and Idukki districts of Kerala...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700834/petroleum-ether-extract-of-njavara-rice-bran-upregulates-jak2-stat3-mediated-anti-inflammatory-profile-in-macrophages-and-aortic-endothelial-cells-promoting-regression-of-atherosclerosis
#16
Chithra K Pushpan, Jayalekshmy Ananthasankaran, Helen Antony
"Njavara"(Oryza sativa Linn) is a unique rice variety grown in Kerala that is reported to have significantly higher antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, chemical indices, and bioactive components compared with staple rice varieties. However, the role of NBE in reversing the atherosclerosis development remains unclear. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of Njavara rice bran petroleum ether extract (NBE) in promoting atherosclerotic regression. Male New Zealand white breed rabbits were divided into three groups...
July 12, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692832/prevalence-of-child-abuse-in-school-environment-in-kerala-india-an-icast-ci-based-survey
#17
Manoj Therayil Kumar, Sebind Kumar, Surendra P Singh, Nilamadhab Kar
Very few studies focus on childhood abuse in developing countries and only a small fraction of such studies explicitly deal with abuse in a school environment. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of sexual, physical, and emotional abuse in a school environment in a developing country. Abuse history was collected using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tool - Children's Institutional Version (ICAST-CI). Demographic variables were also collected...
July 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690901/use-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-an-unusual-canine-abnormality
#18
Archana Gopalakrishnan, K Unnikrishna, Anita Balan, P S Haris
Diagnosis and treatment planning are important for successful endodontic treatment. We report a 24-year old male who presented to the Government Dental College in Kozhikode, Kerala, India, in 2015 with pain in his right upper canine. A digital periapical radiograph indicated the presence of a supernumerary tooth superimposing the root of the canine. However, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) confirmed that the supernumerary tooth was an illusion and that the canine root had a sharp invagination involving the labial and pulpal dentin surfaces, with evidence of periapical bone destruction...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669156/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-district-cancer-registry-trivandrum-south-india
#19
Aleyamma Mathew, Preethi Sara George, Kalavathy M C, Padmakumari G, Jagathnath Krishna K M, Paul Sebastian
Background: Cancer is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries. Cancer registry figures help for planning and delivery of health services. This paper provided the first results of cancer incidence and mortality [Crude (CR) and age-standardized (ASR)] rates (world-standard population) of Trivandrum district, South India and compared with other registries under the network of National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP), Government of India. Materials and Methods: Trivandrum district cancer registry encompasses a population of 3...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658869/role-of-multi-detector-computed-tomography-mdct-in-preoperative-staging-of-pancreatic-carcinoma
#20
Soumil Singhal, Nirmal Kumar Prabhu, Pulkit Sethi, Srikanth Moorthy
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer related death in advanced countries and has shown rising trends in developing countries like India. Increase in the incidence has been linked to risk factors like lifestyle modification associated with increased alcohol consumption and rapid urbanization. Most patients at the time of diagnosis present with an advanced condition. Surgical resection offers the only chance for cure in them and imaging plays a crucial role in the early diagnosis of the condition...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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