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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327413/domestic-dogs-as-reservoir-hosts-for-leishmania-donovani-in-the-southernmost-western-ghats-in-india
#1
P Jambulingam, N Pradeep Kumar, S Nandakumar, K P Paily, R Srinivasan
The peripheral blood samples from domestic dogs (n=47) and wild rats (n=25) in the Kani Tribe settlements, located southernmost part of the Western Ghats, Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala, India were examined for Leishmania infection. This area is known for cases of leishmaniasis with cutaneous manifestations and sandfly abundance. The tribes domesticate dogs to protect them from untoward activities of wild animals. Leishmania donovani parasite DNA was detected only from 6.4% (n=3) of the blood samples collected from the domestic dogs by amplification of the diagnostic kinetoplast mini-circle DNA and PCR-RFLP analysis of the UTR region of heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) gene...
March 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323558/reproductive-tract-infections-attitude-and-barriers-among-marginalized-fisher-women-in-kerala-south-india
#2
Manoj A Thomas, Poornima Narayan
Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) are the cause of severe gynecological and maternal morbidity in India. In marginalized communities, women persevere quietly when faced with a culturally sensitive health issue such as an RTI. To hypothesize on the differential health behavior and low levels of reported incidents among women living in marginalized communities, we undertake an exploratory study in a coastal fishermen community in South India. We identify barriers influencing decisions to seek curative and preventive medical care...
April 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316881/occurrence-of-concurrent-infections-with-multiple-serotypes-of-dengue-viruses-during-2013-2015-in-northern-kerala-india
#3
Manchala Nageswar Reddy, Ranjeet Dungdung, Lathika Valliyott, Rajendra Pilankatta
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a global human public health threat, causing severe morbidity and mortality. The occurrence of sequential infection by more than one serotype of dengue virus (DENV) is a major contributing factor for the induction of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS), two major medical conditions caused by DENV infection. However, there is no specific drug or vaccine available against dengue infection. There are reports indicating the increased incidence of concurrent infection of dengue in several tropical and subtropical regions...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316390/sem-studies-on-acanthocephalan-parasite-echinorhynchus-veli-infecting-the-fish-synaptura-orientalis-bl-sch-1801
#4
S H Sheema, M V John, P V George
Echinorhynchus veli (George and Nadakal, 1978), an acanthocephalid worm infesting the estuarine flat fish, Synaptura orientalis, was collected from the Veli lake, Kerala. The parasite was recovered from the intestine of the host fish. The detailed surface morphology was studied with the help of scanning electron microscope. The study revealed a cylindrical, medially swollen proboscis with a flat apex, backward directed hooks, each with smooth surface, broad base, pointed tip and an epidermal elevation at the point of insertion...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298838/median-and-common-peroneal-neuropathy-in-coir-workers-of-alappuzha-district-kerala
#5
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Biji Anand, Thomas Gregor Issac
INTRODUCTION: Coir work, in a large number of people involves mechanically rolling the coconut fibers into coir which is later subjected to various processes. The primary work is done as a cottage industry specially by women in the sitting posture for several hours. This study reports evidence of median and common peroneal neuropathy electrophysiologically in people who had been engaged in this job for several years. This study was initiated to establish the possible relationship between coir work and symptomatic neuropathies which was seen in that region with all investigations "for other causes not" contributing to the etiological diagnosis...
January 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290398/government-medical-college-trivandrum-fifty-years-of-neurosurgery-in-kerala-state
#6
Anil Kumar Peethambaran, Raj S Chandran
The Department of Neurosurgery founded in the Trivandrum Medical College, Kerala, the first teaching hospital in Kerala state, is celebrating its 50th anniversary. The history of Neurosurgery in this Institute is synonymous with the history of Neurosurgery in the state as this was the first medical college to start a Neurosurgery department within the state.The students after undergoing their rigorous training in the department, went on to establish advanced neurosurgical centres throughout Kerala and in several other parts of the country...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267469/acute-coronary-syndrome-quality-improvement-in-kerala-acs-quik-rationale-and-design-for-a-cluster-randomized-stepped-wedge-trial
#7
Mark D Huffman, Padinhare Purayil Mohanan, Raji Devarajan, Abigail S Baldridge, Dimple Kondal, Lihui Zhao, Mumtaj Ali, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in India, and there are likely more myocardial infarctions in India than in any other country in the world. We have previously reported heterogeneous care for patients with myocardial infarction in Kerala, a state in southern India, including both gaps in optimal care and inappropriate care. Based on that prior work, limitations from previous nonrandomized quality improvement studies and promising gains in process of care measures demonstrated from previous randomized trials, we and the Cardiological Society of India-Kerala chapter sought to develop, implement, and evaluate a quality improvement intervention to improve process of care measures and clinical outcomes for these patients...
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259634/determinants-of-compulsory-admissions-in-a-state-psychiatric-hospital-case-control-study
#8
Nair V Indu, K Vidhukumar, P S Sarma
OBJECTIVE: Compulsory admissions are against the patient's will and are presumably due to diverse reasons. There has been a rise in compulsory admissions world over. The objective of the study was to determine the risk factors for compulsory admissions in a state psychiatric hospital. METHODS: A case control study was conducted at the state psychiatric hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala. Cases were involuntary non-legal admissions while controls were voluntary admissions...
December 9, 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243932/total-and-methyl-mercury-in-the-water-sediment-and-fishes-of-vembanad-a-tropical-backwater-system-in-india
#9
E V Ramasamy, K K Jayasooryan, M S Shylesh Chandran, Mahesh Mohan
Mercury contamination in the water bodies of developing countries is a serious concern due to its toxicity, persistence, and bioaccumulation. Vembanad, a tropical backwater lake situated at the southwest coast of India, is the largest Ramsar site in southern India. The lake supports thousands of people directly and indirectly through its resources and ecosystem services. It is highly polluted with toxic pollutants such as heavy metals, as it receives effluent discharges from Kerala's major industrial zone. In the present study, water, pore water, sediment, and fish samples collected from Vembanad Lake were analysed for total mercury (THg) and methyl mercury (MHg) contents...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243532/seven-new-species-of-night-frogs-anura-nyctibatrachidae-from-the-western-ghats-biodiversity-hotspot-of-india-with-remarkably-high-diversity-of-diminutive-forms
#10
Sonali Garg, Robin Suyesh, Sandeep Sukesan, S D Biju
The Night Frog genus Nyctibatrachus (Family Nyctibatrachidae) represents an endemic anuran lineage of the Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot, India. Until now, it included 28 recognised species, of which more than half were described recently over the last five years. Our amphibian explorations have further revealed the presence of undescribed species of Nights Frogs in the southern Western Ghats. Based on integrated molecular, morphological and bioacoustic evidence, seven new species are formally described here as Nyctibatrachus athirappillyensis sp...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228314/pre-hospital-acute-coronary-syndrome-care-in-kerala-india-a-qualitative-analysis
#11
Amisha Patel, P P Mohanan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in India. Many of these deaths are due to acute coronary syndromes (ACS), which require prompt symptom recognition, care-seeking behavior, and transport to a treatment facility in the critical pre-hospital period. In India, little is known about pre-hospital management of individuals with ACS. We aim to understand the facilitators, barriers, and context of optimal pre-hospital ACS care to provide opportunities to reduce pre-hospital delays and improve acute cardiovascular care...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228304/24h-and-30-day-outcome-of-perclose-proglide-suture-mediated-vascular-closure-device-an-indian-experience
#12
Desabandhu Vinayakumar, Shajudeen Kayakkal, Sandeep Rajasekharan, Julian Johny Thottian, Prasanth Sankaran, Cicy Bastian
INTRODUCTION: Advantages of vascular closure device over manual compression include patient comfort, early mobilisation and discharge, avoidance of interruption of anticoagulation, avoidance of local compression and its sequelae and less time constraint on staff. No published Indian data exist regarding Perclose Proglide suture mediated vascular closure device (SMC). AIM: To study the 24h and 30 day outcome of Perclose Proglide SMC retrospectively. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study conducted in the Department of Cardiology, Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala from June 2013 to June 2015...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220635/kyasanur-forest-disease-virus-breaking-the-endemic-barrier-an%C3%A2-investigation-into-ecological-effects-on-disease-emergence-and-future-outlook
#13
K Ajesh, B K Nagaraja, K Sreejith
Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) is found in a limited range of India, but is epidemiologically understudied. The seasonal patterns of KFD are well known; however, the significant concern is on the extent to which changes in epidemiology happen especially under the influence of ecological destructions and by the eventual effects of resulting climate change. Presently, a southward and northward spread of the Kyasanur Forest disease virus (KFDV) along the Western Ghats has been reported in the adjoining states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Maharashtra...
February 20, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218162/factors-associated-with-survival-and-lost-to-follow-up-of-cervical-cancer-patients-in-a-tertiary-cancer-centre-in-rural-kerala
#14
T Bindu, Saina Sunil Kumar, K Ratheesan, Satheesan Balasubramanian
Cancer cervix is the second common cause of cancer death in India. It is the most curable form of any human cancer if detected at the precancerous stage. Although several factors determine the survival of the disease, the clinical stage at presentation is the single most important predictor of long-term survival. The present study aimed to describe the performance and follow-up status and 5-year survival experience of the cervical cancer patients registered between 2010 and 2011 by the hospital registry of Malabar Cancer Centre, Kerala, and factors affecting lost to follow-up and survival among them...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217601/prevalence-of-rubella-specific-igg-antibodies-in-unimmunized-young-female-population
#15
Jayakrishnan Thayyil, Vidya Kuniyil, Anitha P Moorkoth, Bhaskar Rao, Paramasivam Selvam
CONTEXT: Rubella is a mild self-limiting disease all over the world; nevertheless, it is of significant public health importance due to its teratogenic effect of congenital rubella syndrome. Rubella vaccine is currently not included in the national immunization program in India. Rubella-specific IgG in the unvaccinated population is a marker of previous rubella infection. Rubella IgG estimation in children will provide data for initiation and necessary modification to the immunization strategy...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216866/home-based-palliative-services-under-two-local-self-government-institutions-of-kerala-india-an-assessment-of-compliance-with-policy-and-guidelines-to-local-self-government-institutions
#16
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Chatterjee Chopra Suhita
BACKGROUND: In contrast to India's poor performance in palliative and end-of-life care, the state of Kerala has gained considerable attention for its palliative care (PC) policy. This study tried to understand the structure, organization, and delivery of the program currently offered to the rural population, and its conformity to the state's PC policy and guidelines for Local Self-government Institutions (LSGIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive research design involving a review of Kerala palliative policy and guidelines for LSGIs was followed by direct field observation and interviews of stakeholders...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208891/outcomes-of-capsular-dissection-technique-with-use-of-bipolar-electrocautery-in-total-thyroidectomy-a-rural-tertiary-center-experience
#17
Amal T Das, S B Prakash, V Priyadarshini
INTRODUCTION: Total thyroidectomy is one of the most routinely performed head and neck surgical procedures with extremely low mortality. This procedure has been associated with two major complications such as recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and hypocalcaemia due to parathyroid insufficiency. The use of bipolar electrocautery has not been widely accepted in view of thermal damage to adjacent structures. AIM: To study the outcomes and complications of capsular dissection technique along with use of bipolar electrocautery in total thyroidectomy...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207309/multilocus-sequence-typing-and-staphylococcal-protein-a-typing-revealed-novel-and-diverse-clones-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-seafood-and-the-aquatic-environment
#18
V Murugadas, C Joseph Toms, Sara A Reethu, K V Lalitha
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been a global health concern since the 1960s, and isolation of this pathogen from food-producing animals has been increasing. However, little information is available on the prevalence of MRSA and its clonal characteristics in seafood and the aquatic environment. In this study, 267 seafood and aquatic environment samples were collected from three districts of Kerala, India. Staphylococcal protein A (spa) typing and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was performed for 65 MRSA strains isolated from 20 seafood and aquatic environment samples...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187629/review-of-the-genus-i-lanchnophorus-i-hemiptera-heteroptera-rhyparochromidae-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-other-nomenclatural-changes
#19
Petr Kment, Attilio Carapezza, Zdeněk Jindra, Előd Kondorosy
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903) is considered junior synonym of Lanchnophorus. The following nomenclatural changes are proposed: Lanchnophorus flavus (Scudder, 1971) comb. nov. = Lachnesthus chinai Scudder, nomen nudum; Lanchnophorus guttulatus Reuter, 1887, comb...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182039/hemodialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-in-end-stage-renal-disease-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kerala
#20
G R Lakshminarayana, L G Sheetal, A Mathew, R Rajesh, G Kurian, V N Unni
This study was planned to analyze the hemodialysis practice patterns from a tertiary care referral centre as there is very limited data from India. All patients of ESRD on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) in dialysis unit at AIMS, Kochi, Kerala for a minimum period of 3 months were included. A total of 134 patients (M: F 2:1) with age of 20 to 84 years (Mean: 59.83; SD: 11.98) were studied. The most common causes of ESRD in study population were diabetic nephropathy (DN) (59.7%) followed by unclassified group (19...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
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