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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994679/ischemic-mitral-regurgitation
#1
REVIEW
Praveen Kerala Varma, Neethu Krishna, Reshmi Liza Jose, Ashish Narayan Madkaiker
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a frequent complication of left ventricular (LV) global or regional pathological remodeling due to chronic coronary artery disease. It is not a valve disease but represents the valvular consequences of increased tethering forces and reduced closing forces. IMR is defined as mitral regurgitation caused by chronic changes of LV structure and function due to ischemic heart disease and it worsens the prognosis. In this review, we discuss on etiology, pathophysiology, and mechanisms of IMR, its classification, evaluation, and therapeutic corrective methods of IMR...
October 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988502/reassessing-the-species-status-of-pseudodiaptomus-malayalus-wellershaus-1969-and-p-binghami-sewell-1912-calanoida-pseudodiaptomidae-from-india-based-on-morphology-and-mitochondrial-cytochrome-oxidase-i-gene-sequences
#2
K S Santu, S Bijoy Nandan, Retina I Cleetus, M Harikrishnan
Pseudodiaptomus binghami Sewell, 1912 was first described from the Rangoon River (now Yangon River) estuary, Myanmar. Pseudodiaptomus malayalus Wellershaus, 1969 previously known as P. binghami malayalus, is a typical brackish-water calanoid copepod from Cochin Estuary, Kerala. Morphological examination of P. malayalus and P. binghami collected from Cochin Estuary and the Nambur canal in Andhra Pradesh revealed crucial differences between the two congeners. Female specimens of P. malayalus exhibited marked differences from those described by Wellershaus...
October 9, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985768/immune-thrombocytopenia-with-multi-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-as-a-rare-presentation-of-scrub-typhus-a-case-report
#3
Abraham M Ittyachen, Saramma P Abraham, Smitha Krishnamoorthy, Anuroopa Vijayan, Jayamohan Kokkat
BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus is an acute infectious illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. It is endemic to a part of the world known as the "tsutsugamushi triangle". Humans are accidental hosts in this zoonotic disease. About a third of patients admitted with scrub typhus have evidence of multi-organ dysfunction. Multi-organ dysfunction secondary to scrub typhus carries a high mortality rate. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 65-year old lady who was admitted in a Tertiary Care Center in the state of Kerala in India, with 7 day history of fever, myalgia and reduced urine output...
October 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963924/efficient-repair-of-dna-double-strand-breaks-in-individuals-from-high-level-natural-radiation-areas-of-kerala-coast-south-west-india
#4
Vinay Jain, Divyalakshmi Saini, P R Vivek Kumar, G Jaikrishan, Birajalaxmi Das
High level natural radiation areas (HLNRA) of Kerala coastal strip (55km long and 0.5km wide) in southwest India exhibit wide variations in the level of background dose (< 1.0-45.0mGy/year) due to thorium deposits in the beach sand. The areas with ≤1.5mGy/year are considered as normal level natural radiation area (NLNRA), whereas areas with >1.5mGy/year are HLNRA. Individuals belonging to HLNRA were stratified into two groups, Low dose group (LDG: 1.51-5.0mGy/year) and high dose group (HDG: >5.0mGy/year)...
September 20, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949827/correlates-of-high-risk-and-low-risk-alcohol-use-among-college-students-in-kerala-india
#5
T S Jaisoorya, Guru S Gowda, B Sivasankaran Nair, Priya G Menon, Anjana Rani, K S Radhakrishnan, M Revamma, C R Jeevan, Anupam Kishore, K Thennarasu, Vivek Benegal
This study describes the prevalence and correlates of alcohol use among college students in Ernakulam, Kerala State, India. A total of 5784 students from 58 colleges selected by stratified random sampling completed a questionnaire incorporating standardized instruments. The prevalence of lifetime alcohol use was 21.4% with a male predominance. Among users, low-risk, hazardous, and dependent use were 80.2%, 18.3% and 0.9% respectively. Initiation was mostly with friends (45.3%). Both low-risk and high-risk alcohol users (hazardous and dependent users), in comparison to abstainers, had higher odds of being older, non-Muslim, having a part-time job, using other substances, and exposure to sexual abuse...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947712/evaluation-of-the-association-of-slc11a1-gene-polymorphism-with-incidence-of-paratuberculosis-in-goats
#6
Asha Abraham, Thomas Naicy, Kunniyoor Cheemani Raghavan, Joseph Siju, Thazhathuveettil Aravindakshan
Paratuberculosis is one of the chronic granulomatous enteritis that predominantly affects ruminants world wide, caused by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP). In ruminants, microsatellite polymorphisms of the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of the solute carrier family 11 member A1 (SLC11A1) gene were associated with resistance to intracellular pathogen infections. This research was carried out to detect the polymorphisms in A and B regions of the 3'UTR of SLC11A1 gene and to evaluate the potential association between these polymorphisms and MAP infection in goats...
September 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932045/nonmetric-traits-of-permanent-posterior-teeth-in-kerala-population-a-forensic-overview
#7
Tibin K Baby, S Sunil, Sharlene Sara Babu
INTRODUCTION: Dental morphology is a highly heritable characteristic which is stable with time and has a fairly high state of preservation. Nonmetric dental traits have crucial role in ethnic classifications of a population that helps in forensic racial identification purposes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and variability of possible nonmetric tooth traits using extracted permanent posterior teeth from Kerala population for discerning racial ethnicity...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928784/association-of-stress-salivary-cortisol-level-and-periodontitis-among-the-inmates-of-a-central-prison-in-kerala
#8
Angel Fenol, Susan Jebi, Sajitha Krishnan, Jayachandran Perayil, Rajesh Vyloppillil, Anuradha Bhaskar, Sai Megha Menon, Ashitha Mohandas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between stress, salivary cortisol, and periodontitis among the inmates of the central prison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy inmates were grouped depending on their pocket depth into Group A (pocket depth >4 mm and <6 mm), Group B (at least four sites with pocket depth ≥6 mm), and Group C (pocket depth ≤3 mm). The clinical parameters such as the oral hygiene index-simplified, gingival index, pocket depth, and the clinical attachment levels (CALs) were recorded...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919685/prevalence-of-listeria-monocytogenes-yersinia-enterocolitica-staphylococcusaureus-and-salmonella-enterica-typhimurium-in-meat-and-meat-products-using-multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction
#9
C Latha, C J Anu, V J Ajaykumar, B Sunil
AIM: The objective of the study was to investigate the occurrence of Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica, Staphylococcusaureus, and Salmonella enterica Typhimurium in meat and meat products using the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The assay combined an enrichment step in tryptic soy broth with yeast extract formulated for the simultaneous growth of target pathogens, DNA isolation and multiplex PCR. A total of 1134 samples including beef (n=349), chicken (n=325), pork (n=310), chevon (n=50), and meat products (n=100) were collected from different parts of Kerala, India...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913700/mobility-and-dissipation-of-chlorpyriphos-and-quinalphos-in-sandy-clay-loam-in-an-agroecosystem-a-laboratory-based-soil-column-study
#10
Bindumol G P, Harilal C C
Leaching potential of pesticides, apart from climatological factors, depends on soil physical properties, soil-pesticide interaction and chemical nature of the molecule. Recent investigations have revealed the presence of various organophosphate pesticides in various agroecosystems. The present study investigated the soil transport mechanism of commonly used organophosphate pesticides in acidic sandy clay loam soils of Kerala State, India. Packed soil column experiment was undertaken under laboratory condition for 30 days...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913330/resurgence-of-diphtheria-in-north-kerala-india-2016-laboratory-supported-case-based-surveillance-outcomes
#11
Lucky Sangal, Sudhir Joshi, Shalini Anandan, Veeraraghavan Balaji, Jaichand Johnson, Asish Satapathy, Pradeep Haldar, Ramesh Rayru, Srinath Ramamurthy, Asha Raghavan, Pankaj Bhatnagar
INTRODUCTION: As part of national program, laboratory supported vaccine preventable diseases surveillance was initiated in Kerala in 2015. Mechanisms have been strengthened for case investigation, reporting, and data management. Specimens collected and sent to state and reference laboratories for confirmation and molecular surveillance. The major objective of this study is to understand the epidemiological information generated through surveillance system and its utilization for action...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883135/insights-into-the-draft-genome-sequence-of-a-haitian-variant-vibrio%C3%A2-cholerae-strain-isolated-from-a-clinical-setting-in-kerala-south-india
#12
Lekshmi Narendrakumar, Karthika Suryaletha, Dinesh Reghunathan, Manoj Prasannakumar, Sabu Thomas
We report here the draft genome sequence of a Haitian variant Vibrio cholerae strain, W4-13, isolated from Kerala, South India, possessing cholera toxin gene in chromosomes I and II. The sequence will be useful to achieve a profound understanding on its evolution, with emphasis on its pathogenesis and antibiotic resistance.
September 7, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882268/role-of-sensation-seeking-and-attitudes-as-mediators-between-age-of-driver-and-risky-driving-of-powered-two-wheelers
#13
Thajudeen Hassan, M N Vinodkumar, Neethu Vinod
INTRODUCTION: This study examines the effect of age of driver on risky driving of Powered Two-Wheelers (PTW) employing sensation seeking and safety attitudes as mediators. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 1299 PTW drivers (1089 males and 210 females) within the age of 18 and 63years, living in the state of Kerala, India. The questionnaire consisted of 31 items to measure sensation seeking, safety attitude, and risky driving of the drivers. RESULTS: Mediation models were examined using sensation seeking as mediator and secondly safety attitudes as mediators...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862185/health-related-quality-of-life-in-indian-children-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Manu Raj, Abish Sudhakar, Rinku Roy, Bhavik Champaneri, Teena Mary Joy, Raman Krishna Kumar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: There are limited data on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) related to Indian children. The objective of this study was to construct a generic HRQOL reference for children aged 2-18 yr from a community setting. METHODS: The study was a community-based cross-sectional survey. A total of 719 children/adolescents in the age group of 2-18 yr were enrolled using stratified random cluster sampling. A total of 40 clusters (cluster size 18) were selected for the study...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827933/validation-of-the-malayalam-version-of-leeds-assessment-of-neuropathic-symptoms-and-signs-pain-scale-in-cancer-patients-in-the-regional-cancer-centre-thiruvananthapuram-kerala-india
#15
Shoukkathali Anzar, Cherian Koshy, Kurian Mathew Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The Self-administered Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) is a 7-item self-report scale developed to identify pain which is of predominantly neuropathic origin. The aim of this study was to develop a Malayalam version of the LANSS and to test its validity and reliability in chronic pain patients. METHODOLOGY: We enrolled 101 Malayalam-speaking chronic pain patients who visited the Division of Palliative Medicine, Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827929/prevalence-of-depression-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-its-association-with-their-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#16
Debasweta Purkayastha, Chitra Venkateswaran, Kesavankutty Nayar, U G Unnikrishnan
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. In India, the incidence rate of breast cancer is found to be 25.8/10,000 females. The statistics for Kerala, India, is 30.5 in urban areas and 19.8 in rural areas. Cancer and treatment-related symptoms are major stressors in patients with breast cancer undergoing treatment for the disease. Depression is a prevalent psychological symptom perceived by breast cancer patients, and it also impacts the quality of life (QOL) in these patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827860/psychiatric-morbidity-in-the-community-a-population-based-study-from-kerala
#17
K S Shaji, D Raju, V Sathesh, P Krishnakumar, Varghese P Punnoose, P S Kiran, B S Mini, Shibu Kumar, P K Anish, Ganga G Kaimal, Lekshmy Gupthan, T P Sumesh, U G Nikhil, Nisha Cyriac, M D Vinod, R Prasad Kumar, Ramesh Chandran, P P Rejani, R Amrutha, Mahesh, T N Anand
BACKGROUND: Estimates of psychiatric morbidity in the community will help service development. Participation of trained nonspecialist health-care providers will facilitate scaling up of services in resource-limited settings. AIMS: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of priority mental health problems in populations served by the District Mental Health Program (DMHP). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a population-based cross-sectional survey...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821820/searching-for-signatures-across-microbial-communities-metagenomic-analysis-of-soil-samples-from-mangrove-and-other-ecosystems
#18
Madangchanok Imchen, Ranjith Kumavath, Debmalya Barh, Vasco Avezedo, Preetam Ghosh, Marcus Viana, Alice R Wattam
In this study, we categorize the microbial community in mangrove sediment samples from four different locations within a vast mangrove system in Kerala, India. We compared this data to other samples taken from the other known mangrove data, a tropical rainforest, and ocean sediment. An examination of the microbial communities from a large mangrove forest that stretches across southwestern India showed strong similarities across the higher taxonomic levels. When ocean sediment and a single isolate from a tropical rain forest were included in the analysis, a strong pattern emerged with Bacteria from the phylum Proteobacteria being the prominent taxon among the forest samples...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#19
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796835/correction-seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#20
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178949.].
2017: PloS One
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