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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631636/profiling-of-peripheral-t-cell-lymphomas-in-kerala-south-india-a-5-year-study
#1
Rekha A Nair, Jayasudha Arundhathi Vasudevan, Priya Mary Jacob, Renu Sukumaran
BACKGROUND: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) with considerable variation in incidence across the world. They show a wide variety of clinicopathological features and generally associated with poor clinical outcome. Lymphoma data from different geographic regions will definitely aid in routine clinical practice and research work. PTCLs are reported with a higher frequency in Asia as compared to Western countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the frequency and distribution of PTCLs diagnosed in a tertiary care cancer center in Kerala...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625377/one-year-mortality-outcomes-and-hospital-readmissions-of-patients-admitted-with-acute-heart-failure-data-from-the-trivandrum-heart-failure-registry-in-kerala-india
#2
Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan, Ganapathi Sanjay, Anubha Agarwal, N Pratap Kumar, K Krishna Kumar, Charantharayil Gopalan Bahuleyan, Govindan Vijayaraghavan, Sunitha Viswanathan, Madhu Sreedharan, R Biju, N Rajalekshmi, Tiny Nair, Krishnan Suresh, Panniyammakal Jeemon
BACKGROUND: There are sparse data on outcomes of patients with heart failure (HF) from India. The objective was to evaluate hospital readmissions and 1-year mortality outcomes of patients with HF in Kerala, India. METHODS: We followed 1,205 patients enrolled in the Trivandrum Heart Failure Registry for 1 year. A trained research nurse contacted each participant every 3 months using a structured questionnaire which included hospital readmission and mortality information...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615859/molecular-identification-of-babesia-spp-in-naturally-infected-dogs-of-kerala-south-india
#3
Sneha Augustine, Lucy Sabu, Bindu Lakshmanan
Canine babesiosis is a tick borne haemoprotozoan disease caused by large and small intraerythrocytic apicomplexan piroplasms of the genus Babesia spp. The clinical manifestations of the disease vary from inapparent subclinical form to hyperacute shock related haemolytic crisis. Microscopic examination of blood smears from suspected dogs revealed Babesia canis and B. gibsoni in 3.45 and 25.86 % of samples respectively. A seminested PCR based on previously published species specific primers targeting the 18S rRNA gene was utilized to identify the Babesia species infecting dogs of Kerala at the sub species level...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611847/inhalation-dose-and-source-term-studies-in-a-tribal-area-of-wayanad-kerala-india
#4
Reshma Bhaskaran, Ravikumar C Damodaran, Visnuprasad Ashok Kumar, Jojo Panakal John, Danalakshmi Bangaru, Chitra Natarajan, Bala Sundar Sathiamurthy, Jose Mundiyanikal Thomas, Rosaline Mishra
Among radiation exposure pathways to human beings, inhalation dose is the most prominent one. Radon, thoron, and their progeny contribute more than 50 per cent to the annual effective dose due to natural radioactivity. South west coast of India is classified as a High Natural Background Radioactivity Area and large scale data on natural radioactivity and dosimetry are available from these coastal regions including the Neendakara-Chavara belt in the south of Kerala. However, similar studies and reports from the northern part of Kerala are scarce...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610306/typhlocarcinus-kerala-a-new-species-of-rhizopine-crab-from-southwestern-india-and-the-identity-of-t-craterifer-rathbun-1914-crustacea-brachyura-pilumnidae
#5
Peter K L Ng, Suvarna Devi, Appukuttannair Biju Kumar
A new species of rhizopine crab of the genus Typhlocarcinus Stimpson, 1858 (family Pilumnidae), is described from southwestern India. Typhlocarcinus kerala sp. nov. is characterised by its granular carapace with the dorsal regions well demarcated and the gastro-cardiac grooves deep, the anterolateral margin entire and prominently granulated, the posterolateral margin lacks a low granulated lobe, proportions of the ambulatory legs and shape of the female telson.
May 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609918/a-review-of-the-coelidiine-leafhopper-genus-i-mahellus-i-hemiptera-cicadellidae-coelidiinae-with-description-of-two-new-species-from-the-oriental-region
#6
C A Viraktamath, Naresh M Meshram
Two new species of the genus Mahellus Nielson, M. cardoni sp. nov. (Indonesia: Sulawesi) and M. ungulatus sp. nov. (India: Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu) are described and illustrated. M. distanti Nielson is also illustrated with several new locality records. A key for the four known species of the genus is also given.
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598973/seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#7
Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Srinivasan Kannan, Sankara P Sarma, Oliver Razum, Odile Sauzet, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan
Nearly three-quarters of global deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) occur in low- and middle-income countries such as India. However, there are few data available on longitudinal change in risk factors for NCDs in India. We conducted a cohort study among 495 individuals (aged 15 to 64 years at baseline) in rural Kerala state, India, from 2003 to 2010. For the present analysis, data from 410 adults (aged 20 to 64 years at baseline) who participated at both baseline and follow-up studies were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590772/arterial-stiffness-in-fertile-women-with-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Tiina Vilmi-Kerälä, Teemu Koivistoinen, Outi Palomäki, Jukka Uotila, Ari Palomäki
INTRODUCTION: Although metabolic syndrome (MetS) is evidently associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), recently its use has been questioned. We studied the utility of MetS diagnosis when estimating individual CVD risk. METHODS: We compared 27 fertile women with MetS and 27 counterparts without the syndrome, matched pairwise according to well-known risk factors of CVD. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and central blood pressure (cBP) were determined noninvasively via a SphygmoCor device...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584492/prevalence-of-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-among-higher-secondary-school-students-in-ernakulam-district-kerala-southern-india
#9
P S Rakesh, Jishnu Satheesh Lalu, K Leelamoni
INTRODUCTION: The association between secondhand smoke and health outcomes, such as frequent respiratory infections, ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, asthma, and stroke, has long been established. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of secondhand smoking exposure among higher secondary school students in Ernakulam district, Kerala, Southern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was administered to all students from four randomly selected higher secondary schools in Ernakulam district...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567620/endophytic-fungal-assemblage-in-achyranthes-aspera-linn-revealed-by-internal-transcribed-spacer-region-of-nuclear-ribosomal-rna-genes
#10
Reshma John, Linu Mathew
Only scanty reports are available on endophytic fungal associations in Achyranthes aspera Linn. Hence in this study a total of 504 isolates belonging to ten different species of fungi were isolated from asymptomatic, surface sterilised segments of leaf, stem and root of A. aspera collected from different locations of Kerala, India. Among the isolates ascomycetes were most prevalent. Colonisation rate of fungal endophytes was high in leaf tissue (95%) followed by stem (77.75%) and root segments (33.33%). The most frequent and dominant coloniser of the host plant were Colletotrichum sp...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558895/prevalence-of-depression-and-past-suicide-attempt-in-primary-care
#11
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Ramdas Pisharody, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell, Damodaran Raju, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, K R Leela Itty Amma, A Sheelamoni, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: It is known that persons who die by suicide commonly visit a primary care physician (PCP) shortly before the fatal act.There is little information on history of suicide attempt in depressed patients who consult PCPs for non-mental health indications.This information is important because past history of suicide attempt is a known predictor of future suicide risk. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of depression among outpatients in primary care and to determine the prevalence and determinants of past suicide attempt among them...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551884/habitat-monitoring-and-conservation-prioritisation-of-protected-areas-in-western-ghats-kerala-india
#12
K Athira, C Sudhakar Reddy, K R L Saranya, Shijo Joseph, R Jaishanker
Spatially explicit approach is essential to prioritise the ecosystems for biodiversity conservation. In the present study, the conservation status of 20 protected areas of the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, was analysed based on long-term changes in forests (1975-1985-1995-2005-2013), landscape level changes in fragmentation and forest fires (2005-2015). This study has shown that a significant forest loss occurred in protected areas before declaration. Idukki is one of the major protected areas which showed a drastic reduction (18...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529361/prevalence-and-correlates-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-subthreshold-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-college-students-in-kerala-india
#13
T S Jaisoorya, Y C Janardhan Reddy, B Sivasankaran Nair, Anjana Rani, Priya G Menon, M Revamma, C R Jeevan, K S Radhakrishnan, Vineetha Jose, K Thennarasu
CONTEXT: There are scarce data on the prevalence of adult obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in India. AIMS: The aim was to study the point prevalence of OCD and subthreshold OCD and its psychosocial correlates among college students in the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of 5784 students of the age range of 18-25 years from 58 colleges was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students were self-administered the OCD subsection of the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCSs), and other relevant instruments to identify OCD, subthreshold OCD, and related clinical measures...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511506/an-assessment-of-correlation-between-dermatoglyphic-patterns-and-sagittal-skeletal-discrepancies
#14
Susha Miriam George, Biju Philip, Deepika Madathody, Manu Mathew, Jose Paul, Johnson Prakash Dlima
INTRODUCTION: Investigators over years have been fascinated by dermatoglyphic patterns which has led to the development of dermatoglyphics as a science with numerous applications in various fields other than being the best and most widely used method for personal identification. AIM: To assess the correlation between dermatoglyphic patterns and sagittal skeletal discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients, aged 18-40 years, were selected from those who attended the outpatient clinic of the Deparment of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511377/an-analysis-of-dynamic-pulmonary-functions-of-hypothyroid-patients
#15
Seethalakshmi Krishna Iyer, Sunil K Menon, Biju Bahuleyan
INTRODUCTION: Hypothyroidism is a silent epidemic of our times. In India, the prevalence of hypothyroidism is 11%. The effect of hypothyroidism on respiratory system is debatable with studies suggesting both obstructive and restrictive disease patterns. The symptoms range from mild dyspnoea to life-threatening respiratory failure. This study emphasizes the effect of hypothyroidism on dynamic respiratory functions. AIM: To find out the changes in dynamic respiratory functions (FVC, FEV1, FEV1% and PEFR) in both male and female hypothyroid patients within age group of 18-45 years...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480739/translation-and-purification-ayurvedic-psychiatry-allopathic-psychiatry-spirits-and-occult-violence-in-kerala-south-india
#16
Claudia Lang
In this paper, the author traces two parallel movements of institutionalized Ayurvedic psychiatry, an emergent field of specialization in Kerala, India: the 'work of purification' and the 'work of translation' that Latour has described as characteristic of the 'modern constitution.' The author delineates these processes in terms of the relationship of Ayurvedic psychiatry to (1) allopathic psychiatry, (2) bhutavidya, a branch of textual Ayurveda dealing with spirits, and (3) occult violence. The aim is to offer a model of these open and hidden processes and of Ayurvedic psychiatry's positioning within a hierarchical mental health field characterized simultaneously by biopsychiatric hegemony and a persistent vernacular healing tradition...
May 8, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472197/utilization-of-alternative-systems-of-medicine-as-health-care-services-in-india-evidence-on-ayush-care-from-nss-2014
#17
Shalini Rudra, Aakshi Kalra, Abhishek Kumar, William Joe
AYUSH, an acronym for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homeopathy represents the alternative systems of medicine recognized by the Government of India. Understanding the patterns of utilization of AYUSH care has been important for various reasons including an increased focus on its mainstreaming and integration with biomedicine-based health care system. Based on a nationally representative health survey 2014, we present an analysis to understand utilization of AYUSH care across socioeconomic and demographic groups in India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467465/geomorphic-response-to-sea-level-and-climate-changes-during-late-quaternary-in-a-humid-tropical-coastline-terrain-evolution-model-from-southwest-india
#18
Maya K, Vishnu Mohan S, Ruta B Limaye, Damodaran Padmalal, Navnith K P Kumaran
The coastal lands of southern Kerala, SW India in the vicinity of Achankovil and Thenmala Shear Zones reveal a unique set of geomorphic features like beach ridges, runnels, chain of wetlands, lakes, estuaries, etc. The chain of wetlands and water bodies that are seen in the eastern periphery of the coastal lands indicates the remnants of the upper drainage channels of the previously existed coastal plain rivers of Late Pleistocene age that are later broadened due to coastal erosion under the transgressive phase...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466045/first-report-of-detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-porcine-parvovirus-in-domestic-and-wild-pigs-in-kerala-india
#19
J Aishwarya, Chintu Ravishankar, R Rajasekhar, K Sumod, Nimisha Bhaskar, Shiju Shaji, Koshy John, M Mini
Porcine parvovirus (PPV) is a DNA virus of the genus Parvovirus of family Parvoviridae. It is the causative agent of many disease problems in pigs such as maternal reproductive failure, stillbirth, mummification, embryonic or fetal death, infertility, abortion and neonatal death. A study was conducted to assess the incidence of the virus in pigs in Kerala State in South India. A total of 38 samples were collected from domestic and wild pigs from different districts of the State. Polymerase chain reaction targeting a 265 bp fragment of the NS1 gene of the virus was carried out...
September 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464224/genetic-characterization-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-kerala-the-southern-part-of-india
#20
Savita L Patil, Anukumar B
Respiratory Syncytial virus (RSV) is an important cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) in infants and young children globally. RSV presents two antigenic groups RSV- A and B. Genetic variability is also very high within each group. RSV circulation varies year to year and even varies among different regions. Data on circulatory pattern of RSV are available from other parts of India except Kerala. The aim of the study was to generate data about groups and genotypes of circulating RSV in Kerala...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
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