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Varsha Vidyadharan, Harish M Tharayil, Biju George
Background: Learning disorder (LD) is a common cause for poor academic performance among school students. Poor detection of this may be due to lack of proper validated diagnostic and screening tools, leading to considerable difficulty for affected children and their families. This study aims to validate a screening tool developed by us among students with poor scholastic performance. It is an easy-to-use tool that can be used by parents or teachers. Preliminary validation was done earlier using case-control design among 100 students, and the results were encouraging...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Reji Srinivas, R Shynu, M K Sreeraj, K K Ramachandran
Metal concentrations (Al, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb), grain size, and total organic carbon content in 29 surface sediment samples from the nearshore area off Calicut were analyzed to determine their distribution and pollution status. Surface sediments were dominantly silts with low percentage of clay and sand at nearshore and offshore areas. The mean metal concentrations were in the following order: Cr>Ni>Zn>Pb>Cu. The enrichment factor and geo-accumulation index of metals suggest that the surface sediments were not polluted by Zn and moderately polluted by Cu and Ni...
July 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
B C L Athapattu, T W L R Thalgaspitiya, U L S Yasaratne, Meththika Vithanage
The objectives were to investigate the potential remedial measures for reverse osmosis (RO) rejected water through constructed wetlands (CWs) with low-cost materials in the media established in chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) prevalent area in Sri Lanka. A pilot-scale surface and subsurface water CWs were established at the Medawachchiya community-based RO water supply unit. Locally available soil, calicut tile and biochar were used in proportions of 81, 16.5 and 2.5% (w/w), respectively, as filter materials in the subsurface...
December 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Desabandhu Vinayakumar, Shajudeen Kayakkal, Sandeep Rajasekharan, Julian Johny Thottian, Prasanth Sankaran, Cicy Bastian
INTRODUCTION: Advantages of vascular closure device over manual compression include patient comfort, early mobilisation and discharge, avoidance of interruption of anticoagulation, avoidance of local compression and its sequelae and less time constraint on staff. No published Indian data exist regarding Perclose Proglide suture mediated vascular closure device (SMC). AIM: To study the 24h and 30 day outcome of Perclose Proglide SMC retrospectively. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study conducted in the Department of Cardiology, Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala from June 2013 to June 2015...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
M Roshni
Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala - the first medical college in India to start Doctor of Medicine (MD) in family medicine as a postgraduate course. This was in the year 2012. Till date, this is the only medical college to have MD Family Medicine program in India. The college was allowed two MD Family Medicine seats per year by the Medical Council of India, and this is a 3 year course. The first batch of MD Family Medicine students has passed out from the Government Medical College, Calicut in July 2015...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Prabitha Panattil, M Sreelatha
INTRODUCTION: Proteinuria is always associated with intrinsic kidney disese and is a strong predictor of later development of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). As Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System (RAAS) has a role in mediating proteinuria, inhibitors of this system are renoprotective and patients with refractory proteinuria are put on a combination of these agents. The routinely employed triple blockade of RAAS with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, ARB and Aldosterone antagonist has many limitations...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ramya Raman, Anantanarayanan Raman
The Government at Fort St George determined that a school for instructing and training candidates towards the titles of 'apothecary' was necessary to improve medical help to people in the 1830s. This led to the establishment of the medical school in Madras (presently Chennai) in 1835. The school got renamed as the Madras Medical College in 1850. From 1835, the Madras Medical School offered formal training to personnel to be called either 'apothecaries' or 'dressers' under the superintendence of William Mortimer, who was assisted by George Harding in teaching at the school...
March 2016: National Medical Journal of India
Bharath Rathnakar, Bola Sadashiva Satish Rao, Vijendra Prabhu, Subhash Chandra, Sharada Rai, Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao, Mrinalini Sharma, Pradeep Kumar Gupta, Krishna Kishore Mahato
The present work reports the photo-biomodulatory effect of red (632.8 nm) and near infrared (785 and 830 nm) lasers on burn injury in Swiss albino mice. Animals were induced with a 15-mm full thickness burn injury and irradiated with various fluences (1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 J/cm(2)) of each laser wavelength under study having a constant fluence rate (8.49 mW/cm(2)). The size of the injury following treatment was monitored by capturing the wound images at regular time intervals until complete healing. Morphometric assessment indicated that the group treated with 3-J/cm(2) fluence of 830 nm had a profound effect on healing as compared to untreated controls and various fluences of other wavelengths under study...
December 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Asma A Rahim, Romy Jose Thekkekara, Thomas Bina, Binoy J Paul
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of chronic rheumatic and musculoskeletal symptoms on the functional status of people affected by the chikungunya (CKG) epidemic in the Calicut District, Kerala, South India in 2009. METHODS: A cross-sectional house-to-house survey was conducted 18 months after the CKG epidemic to assess functional status of individuals with post-epidemic persistent pain. All respondents over age 15 years with persistent pain fitting the epidemiological case definition were included...
February 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Shaila Talengala Bhat, Archana Shivamurthy, Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Iranian Journal of Pathology
Saumiya Gopal, Rosamma Joseph, Vediyera Chandroth Santhosh, Vadakkedath Venugopal Harish Kumar, Shiny Joseph, Abhijeet Rajendra Shete
BACKGROUND: Gingival overgrowth (GO) is a known side-effect of calcium channel blockers. Although there have been several case reports, few studies have examined the prevalence of nifedipine, diltiazem, and amlodipine. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for GO in patients treated with calcium channel blockers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in out patient Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Calicut...
May 2015: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Yadvir Garg, Ashok K Rajput, Calicut M Sreedhar, Vikas Marwah
We report a case of left anterior descending coronary artery to left upper lobe bronchus fistula arising out of the coronary artery aneurysm, secondary to drug eluting balloon angioplasty done for in-stent restenosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery in a 54-year-old male. This is an unreported entity yet.
July 2015: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Krishnamurthy Karuppanagounder, Arjun V Vijayan
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study include assessing the motorcycle helmet use pattern in Calicut, India, and analyzing the factors influencing helmet use including motorcyclists' perceptions. METHODS: Field observational studies at 15 locations were conducted to determine the helmet use rate among motorcyclists and pillion passengers. A structured questionnaire interview survey was conducted with 709 motorcyclists to evaluate the users' perceptions and opinions regarding the use of motorcycle helmets...
2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Uday Venkat Mateti, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Manohar Bairy, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Anantha Naik Nagappa, Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare and life-threatening allergic drug reaction. We report a 26-year-old young female with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis developing TEN while on filgrastim and phenytoin. It was successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulins and steroids.
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
Kalyan Chakravarthi Kosuri, Nelluri Venumadhav, Siddaraju Ks
BACKGROUND: The ligamentum longitudinale anterius is a broad and strong band of fibrous tissue that runs along the anterior surfaces of the bodies of the vertebrae. AIM: The study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of ossified ligamentum longitudinale anterius in adult dry human vertebra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on 95 sets of dry human vertebral columns irrespective of age and sex at Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences- Barabanki,-UP, Melaka Manipal Medical College-Manipal University and Department of Anatomy, KMCT Medical College, Manassery- Calicut, India...
August 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sonia Navani-Vazirani, Davidson Solomon, Gopalakrishnan, Elsa Heylen, Aylur Kailasom Srikrishnan, Canjeevaram K Vasudevan, Maria L Ekstrand
The aim of this study was to examine female sex workers' solicitation of clients using mobile phones and the association between this and condom use with clients. Cross-sectional data were utilised to address the study's aim, drawing on data collected from female sex workers in Calicut, Kerala, and Chirala, Andhra Pradesh. Use of mobile phone solicitation was reported by 46.3% (n = 255) of Kerala participants and 78.7% (n = 464) of those in Andhra Pradesh. Kerala participants reporting exclusive solicitation using mobile phones demonstrated 1...
2015: Culture, Health & Sexuality
M Usha, V Ravindran, C S Soumithran, K S Ravindran Nair
INTRODUCTION: Motorcyclists comprise the majority of road-traffic victims in low and middle income countries,and consequently, the majority of the road-traffic victims globally. Simple measures can be taken to make safer on the roads, which include enforcement of safety measures like seat belt and helmets. The compulsory Helmet law was enforced in Kerala on 18/06/07. Resistance to legislation on motorcycle helmets still coexists world wide with debate on the effectiveness of helmets. In an attempt to analyze the protective effect of helmets on facial injuries a comparative study was conducted in Government Dental College, Calicut, which is a major trauma centre in northern Kerala...
June 2014: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Binoy J Paul, Asma A Rahim, Thomas Bina, Romy J Thekkekara
AIMS: To assess the prevalence and factors related to rheumatic musculoskeletal disorders (RMSD) in a rural population of south India. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included all individuals, 15 years and above, in a rural unit of Calicut District in North Kerala. Data were collected using the validated World Health Organization - International League of Associations for Rheumatology - Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases - Bhigwan model questionnaire by trained volunteers...
August 2013: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Sasidharanpillai Sarita, Kunnummal Muhammed, Riyaz Najeeba, Gopalan Nair Rajan, Khader Anza, Manikoth Payyanadan Binitha, Govindan Aparna
OBJECTIVES: 1. To study and compare the clinical and histological features of Type 1 and Type 2 lepra reactions. 2. To document the histological patterns of Type 1 and Type 2 lepra reactions observed in the study population. DESIGN: Two year cross sectional study. Patients attending the outpatient department of our tertiary care hospital, during the 2 year study period with clinical evidence of Type 1 (T1R) or Type 2 (T2R) lepra reactions were included in this study after obtaining written informed consent...
March 2013: Leprosy Review
Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao, Bhavna Nayal
Ocular myxomas are rare neoplasms. We report a case of conjunctival myxoma in a 33-year-old male. Clinically, it was diagnosed as a conjunctival cyst. Histopathological findings revealed spindle, and fusiform cells in loose myxoid stroma with cystic change. There were no systemic abnormalities detected.
January 2013: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
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