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Ramya Raman, Anantanarayanan Raman
The Government at Fort St George determined that a school for instructing and training candidates towards the titles of 'apothecary' was necessary to improve medical help to people in the 1830s. This led to the establishment of the medical school in Madras (presently Chennai) in 1835. The school got renamed as the Madras Medical College in 1850. From 1835, the Madras Medical School offered formal training to personnel to be called either 'apothecaries' or 'dressers' under the superintendence of William Mortimer, who was assisted by George Harding in teaching at the school...
March 2016: National Medical Journal of India
Bharath Rathnakar, Bola Sadashiva Satish Rao, Vijendra Prabhu, Subhash Chandra, Sharada Rai, Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao, Mrinalini Sharma, Pradeep Kumar Gupta, Krishna Kishore Mahato
The present work reports the photo-biomodulatory effect of red (632.8 nm) and near infrared (785 and 830 nm) lasers on burn injury in Swiss albino mice. Animals were induced with a 15-mm full thickness burn injury and irradiated with various fluences (1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 J/cm(2)) of each laser wavelength under study having a constant fluence rate (8.49 mW/cm(2)). The size of the injury following treatment was monitored by capturing the wound images at regular time intervals until complete healing. Morphometric assessment indicated that the group treated with 3-J/cm(2) fluence of 830 nm had a profound effect on healing as compared to untreated controls and various fluences of other wavelengths under study...
August 6, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Asma A Rahim, Romy Jose Thekkekara, Thomas Bina, Binoy J Paul
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of chronic rheumatic and musculoskeletal symptoms on the functional status of people affected by the chikungunya (CKG) epidemic in the Calicut District, Kerala, South India in 2009. METHODS: A cross-sectional house-to-house survey was conducted 18 months after the CKG epidemic to assess functional status of individuals with post-epidemic persistent pain. All respondents over age 15 years with persistent pain fitting the epidemiological case definition were included...
February 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Shaila Talengala Bhat, Archana Shivamurthy, Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Iranian Journal of Pathology
Saumiya Gopal, Rosamma Joseph, Vediyera Chandroth Santhosh, Vadakkedath Venugopal Harish Kumar, Shiny Joseph, Abhijeet Rajendra Shete
BACKGROUND: Gingival overgrowth (GO) is a known side-effect of calcium channel blockers. Although there have been several case reports, few studies have examined the prevalence of nifedipine, diltiazem, and amlodipine. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for GO in patients treated with calcium channel blockers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in out patient Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Calicut...
May 2015: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Yadvir Garg, Ashok K Rajput, Calicut M Sreedhar, Vikas Marwah
We report a case of left anterior descending coronary artery to left upper lobe bronchus fistula arising out of the coronary artery aneurysm, secondary to drug eluting balloon angioplasty done for in-stent restenosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery in a 54-year-old male. This is an unreported entity yet.
July 2015: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Krishnamurthy Karuppanagounder, Arjun V Vijayan
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study include assessing the motorcycle helmet use pattern in Calicut, India, and analyzing the factors influencing helmet use including motorcyclists' perceptions. METHODS: Field observational studies at 15 locations were conducted to determine the helmet use rate among motorcyclists and pillion passengers. A structured questionnaire interview survey was conducted with 709 motorcyclists to evaluate the users' perceptions and opinions regarding the use of motorcycle helmets...
2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Uday Venkat Mateti, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Manohar Bairy, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Anantha Naik Nagappa, Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare and life-threatening allergic drug reaction. We report a 26-year-old young female with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis developing TEN while on filgrastim and phenytoin. It was successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulins and steroids.
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
Kalyan Chakravarthi Kosuri, Nelluri Venumadhav, Siddaraju Ks
BACKGROUND: The ligamentum longitudinale anterius is a broad and strong band of fibrous tissue that runs along the anterior surfaces of the bodies of the vertebrae. AIM: The study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of ossified ligamentum longitudinale anterius in adult dry human vertebra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on 95 sets of dry human vertebral columns irrespective of age and sex at Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences- Barabanki,-UP, Melaka Manipal Medical College-Manipal University and Department of Anatomy, KMCT Medical College, Manassery- Calicut, India...
August 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sonia Navani-Vazirani, Davidson Solomon, Gopalakrishnan, Elsa Heylen, Aylur Kailasom Srikrishnan, Canjeevaram K Vasudevan, Maria L Ekstrand
The aim of this study was to examine female sex workers' solicitation of clients using mobile phones and the association between this and condom use with clients. Cross-sectional data were utilised to address the study's aim, drawing on data collected from female sex workers in Calicut, Kerala, and Chirala, Andhra Pradesh. Use of mobile phone solicitation was reported by 46.3% (n = 255) of Kerala participants and 78.7% (n = 464) of those in Andhra Pradesh. Kerala participants reporting exclusive solicitation using mobile phones demonstrated 1...
2015: Culture, Health & Sexuality
M Usha, V Ravindran, C S Soumithran, K S Ravindran Nair
INTRODUCTION: Motorcyclists comprise the majority of road-traffic victims in low and middle income countries,and consequently, the majority of the road-traffic victims globally. Simple measures can be taken to make safer on the roads, which include enforcement of safety measures like seat belt and helmets. The compulsory Helmet law was enforced in Kerala on 18/06/07. Resistance to legislation on motorcycle helmets still coexists world wide with debate on the effectiveness of helmets. In an attempt to analyze the protective effect of helmets on facial injuries a comparative study was conducted in Government Dental College, Calicut, which is a major trauma centre in northern Kerala...
June 2014: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Binoy J Paul, Asma A Rahim, Thomas Bina, Romy J Thekkekara
AIMS: To assess the prevalence and factors related to rheumatic musculoskeletal disorders (RMSD) in a rural population of south India. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included all individuals, 15 years and above, in a rural unit of Calicut District in North Kerala. Data were collected using the validated World Health Organization - International League of Associations for Rheumatology - Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases - Bhigwan model questionnaire by trained volunteers...
August 2013: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Sasidharanpillai Sarita, Kunnummal Muhammed, Riyaz Najeeba, Gopalan Nair Rajan, Khader Anza, Manikoth Payyanadan Binitha, Govindan Aparna
OBJECTIVES: 1. To study and compare the clinical and histological features of Type 1 and Type 2 lepra reactions. 2. To document the histological patterns of Type 1 and Type 2 lepra reactions observed in the study population. DESIGN: Two year cross sectional study. Patients attending the outpatient department of our tertiary care hospital, during the 2 year study period with clinical evidence of Type 1 (T1R) or Type 2 (T2R) lepra reactions were included in this study after obtaining written informed consent...
March 2013: Leprosy Review
Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao, Bhavna Nayal
Ocular myxomas are rare neoplasms. We report a case of conjunctival myxoma in a 33-year-old male. Clinically, it was diagnosed as a conjunctival cyst. Histopathological findings revealed spindle, and fusiform cells in loose myxoid stroma with cystic change. There were no systemic abnormalities detected.
January 2013: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao, Vidya Monappa, Prashanth Shetty
Pancreatic endocrine tumours (PETs) are uncommon tumours with typical morphology characterised by relatively uniform cuboidal cells arranged in nests and festoons, with distinctive nuclear salt-and-pepper chromatin. A lipid-rich variant poses diagnostic difficulties in the midst of other pancreatic tumours and metastatic goblet cell carcinoid. A 22-year-old man presented with symptoms of abdominal pain and jaundice. His liver function test and blood glucose level were normal, but computed tomography of the abdomen suggested the presence of a tumour in the head of the pancreas...
February 2013: Singapore Medical Journal
V Ravindran, K S Ravindran Nair
PURPOSE: There is an increased incidence of maxillofacial trauma all over the world. A study was conducted to find out the epidemiological characteristics of maxillofacial trauma in Northern districts of Kerala. METHODS: All the trauma patients who attended the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala during the period of 2006-2007 was included in the study. The incidence, prevalence, age and sex distribution, seasonal and daily variations and aetiology of maxillofacial trauma were studied...
December 2011: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Anisa Heravian, Raja Solomon, Gopal Krishnan, C K Vasudevan, A K Krishnan, Thomas Osmand, Maria L Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: HIV transmission in India is primarily heterosexual and there is a concentrated HIV epidemic among female sex workers (FSWs). Earlier reports demonstrate that many FSWs consume alcohol regularly before sexual encounters. This qualitative study is part of a larger quantitative study designed to assess alcohol consumption patterns among female sex workers and their association with sexual risk taking. Here we investigate the environmental influence, reasons for and consequences of consuming alcohol in the FSW population...
November 2012: International Journal on Drug Policy
B Bhaskar Rao, P S Harikumar, T Jayakrishnan, B George
We investigated the physicochemical characteristics of Aedes albopictus Skuse viz. breeding sites, by examining coconut shells, tires and plastic containers in a chikungunya affected area of Calicut, India. The study design was a cross-sectional ecological type. Thirty-four water samples were collected randomly from coconut shells, tires and plastic containers. The larvae were counted and the water was examined. The mean number of larvae per 500 ml was significantly higher in coconut shells than in tires and plastic containers...
September 2011: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
C Ravindran, Kv Padmanabhan, Rejna Sreedhar
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and therapy of Pulmonary hypertension in COPD patients may help in retardation of progression and amelioration of symptoms. This is an attempt to diagnose the disease from X-ray chest of COPD patients, so that invasive investigations can be avoided. OBJECTIVES: (1) Measurement of transhilar diameter in Chest X-ray PA view of COPD patients and its importance in detection of pulmonary hyper-tension. (2) To study correlation between P pulmonale and transhilar diameter / hilar thoracic ratio...
October 2008: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
N U Ahmad, M F Haque, F Khan, M M Kamal
Palliative care is a newly emerging subspecialty in Bangladesh. The aims of this study were i) to determine the characteristics, types of referral, disease pattern and insight about the disease and ii) to estimate the prevalence of pain and other common symptoms in a population of patients with advanced incurable state of cancer and attending the newly established palliative care out patient clinic. The data were collected at the outpatient clinic during first consultation using a modified structured data collection sheet from the Institute of Palliative Medicine (IPM) in Calicut, Keralla, India...
January 2011: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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