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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617999/the-association-between-diabetes-and-depressive-symptoms-varies-by-quality-of-diabetes-care-across-europe
#1
Eva A Graham, Katie H Thomson, Clare L Bambra
Background: Depressive symptoms are more common in adults with diabetes and may arise from the physical and psychosocial burden of disease. Better quality of diabetes care may be associated with a reduced disease burden and fewer depressive symptoms. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 34 420 participants from 19 countries in the European Social Survey Round 7 (2014-2015). Countries were grouped into quartiles based on their quality of diabetes care as measured in the Euro Diabetes Index 2014...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602992/updated-panel-report-best-practices-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-obesity
#2
Dana A Telem, Daniel B Jones, Philip R Schauer, Stacy A Brethauer, Raul J Rosenthal, David Provost, Stephanie B Jones
BACKGROUND: During the 2004 annual meeting of the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), a panel of experts convened to provide updated information on best practices in bariatric surgery. The rapid evolution of endoluminal technologies, surgical indications, and training in bariatric surgery since 2004 has led to new questions and concerns about optimal treatment algorithms, patient selection, and the preparation of our current and future bariatric workforce...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584734/comorbidity-health-pathways-in-heart-failure-patients-a-sequences-of-regressions-analysis-using-cross-sectional-data-from-10-575-patients-in-the-swedish-heart-failure-registry
#3
Claire A Lawson, Ivonne Solis-Trapala, Ulf Dahlstrom, Mamas Mamas, Tiny Jaarsma, Umesh T Kadam, Anna Stromberg
BACKGROUND: Optimally treated heart failure (HF) patients often have persisting symptoms and poor health-related quality of life. Comorbidities are common, but little is known about their impact on these factors, and guideline-driven HF care remains focused on cardiovascular status. The following hypotheses were tested: (i) comorbidities are associated with more severe symptoms and functional limitations and subsequently worse patient-rated health in HF, and (ii) these patterns of association differ among selected comorbidities...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575134/glucose-alert-system-improves-health-professional-responses-to-adverse-glycaemia-and-reduces-the-number-of-hyperglycaemic-episodes-in-non-critical-care-inpatients
#4
M Kyi, P R Wraight, L M Rowan, K A Marley, P G Colman, S Fourlanos
AIM: To investigate the effect of a novel glucose alert system, comprising the Melbourne Glucose Alert Pathway and glucose-alert-capable networked blood glucose meters, on nursing and hospital medical officer responses to adverse glycaemia. METHODS: A prospective, pre- and post-observational study was undertaken in non-critical care wards of a tertiary hospital over 4 months (n=148 or 660 patient-days). The intervention consisted of two components designed to promote a consistent staff response to blood glucose measurements: (1) a clinical escalation pathway, the Melbourne Glucose Alert Pathway, and (2) networked blood glucose meters, which provide a visual alert for out-of-range blood glucose measurement...
March 25, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573523/presenting-predictors-and-temporal-trends-of-treatment-related-outcomes-in-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#5
Christopher M Horvat, Heba M Ismail, Alicia K Au, Luigi Garibaldi, Nalyn Siripong, Sajel Kantawala, Rajesh K Aneja, Diane S Hupp, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert S B Clark
OBJECTIVE: This study examines temporal trends in treatment-related outcomes surrounding a diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) performance improvement intervention consisting of mandated intensive care unit admission and implementation of a standardized management pathway, and identifies physical and biochemical characteristics associated with outcomes in this population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 1,225 children with DKA were identified in the electronic health record by International Classification of Diseases codes and a minimum pH less than 7...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559450/current-challenges-and-opportunities-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#6
William J Jeffcoate, Loretta Vileikyte, Edward J Boyko, David G Armstrong, Andrew J M Boulton
Diabetic foot ulcers remain a major health care problem. They are common, result in considerable suffering, frequently recur, and are associated with high mortality, as well as considerable health care costs. While national and international guidance exists, the evidence base for much of routine clinical care is thin. It follows that many aspects of the structure and delivery of care are susceptible to the beliefs and opinion of individuals. It is probable that this contributes to the geographic variation in outcome that has been documented in a number of countries...
April 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559205/a-clinical-evaluation-of-placental-growth-factor-in-routine-practice-in-high-risk-women-presenting-with-suspected-pre-eclampsia-and-or-fetal-growth-restriction
#7
L Ormesher, E D Johnstone, E Shawkat, A Dempsey, C Chmiel, E Ingram, L E Higgins, J E Myers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of plasma Placental Growth Factor (PlGF), recommended by the recent NICE guidance, in women with suspected pre-eclampsia (PE) and/or fetal growth restriction (FGR). STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised prospective clinical evaluation study in high-risk antenatal clinics in a tertiary maternity unit. METHODS: PlGF testing was performed in addition to routine clinical assessment in 260 women >20 weeks' gestation with chronic disease (hypertension, renal disease ± diabetes) with a change in maternal condition or in women with suspected FGR to determine the impact on clinical management...
March 13, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522974/genetics-of-hba1c-a-case-study-in-clinical-translation
#8
REVIEW
Aaron Leong, Eleanor Wheeler
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measures the amount of glucose in the blood in the previous 2-3 months and is used to test whether an individual has diabetes (HbA1c≥6.5%), or how well they are managing their diabetes. Genome-wide association studies have successfully identified multiple genomic loci influencing HbA1c, through both glycemic (factors that affect the amount blood glucose levels) and erythrocytic (factors that affect the red blood cell) pathways. Inaccuracies in HbA1c, due to non-glycemic variants, could lead to suboptimal care or adverse health consequences...
March 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Genetics & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518765/from-treating-childhood-malnutrition-to-public-health-nutrition
#9
W Philip T James
BACKGROUND: This analysis sets out an overview of an IUNS presentation of a European clinician's assessment of the challenges of coping with immediate critical clinical problems and how to use metabolic and a mechanistic understanding of disease when developing nutritional policies. SUMMARY: Critically ill malnourished children prove very sensitive to both mineral and general nutritional overload, but after careful metabolic control they can cope with a high-quality, energy-rich diet provided their initial lactase deficiency and intestinal atrophy are taken into account...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513312/electrochemical-and-surface-plasmon-insulin-assays-on-clinical-samples
#10
REVIEW
Vini Singh, Sadagopan Krishnan
Diabetes is a complex immune disorder that requires extensive medical care beyond glycemic control. Recently, the prevalence of diabetes, particularly type 1 diabetes (T1D), has significantly increased from 5% to 10%, and this has affected the health-associated complication incidences in children and adults. The 2012 statistics by the American Diabetes Association reported that 29.1 million Americans (9.3% of the population) had diabetes, and 86 million Americans (age ≥20 years, an increase from 79 million in 2010) had prediabetes...
March 7, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509110/potential-cost-effectiveness-of-using-a-collagen-containing-dressing-in-managing-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-the-uk
#11
Julian F Guest, Heenal Singh, Peter Vowden
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether a collagen-containing dressing could potentially afford the UK's National Health Service (NHS) a cost-effective intervention for the management of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHOD: A decision model depicting the management of a DFU was constructed and populated with a combination of published clinical outcomes, resource use estimates and utilities for DFUs. The model estimated the incremental cost-effectiveness of a collagen-containing dressing plus standard care compared with standard care alone over a period of four months in terms of the incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485723/temporal-and-external-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-adverse-outcomes-among-inpatients-with-diabetes
#12
N J Adderley, S Mallett, T Marshall, S Ghosh, G Rayman, S Bellary, J Coleman, F Akiboye, K A Toulis, K Nirantharakumar
AIM: To temporally and externally validate our previously developed prediction model, which used data from University Hospitals Birmingham to identify inpatients with diabetes at high risk of adverse outcome (mortality or excessive length of stay), in order to demonstrate its applicability to other hospital populations within the UK. METHODS: Temporal validation was performed using data from University Hospitals Birmingham and external validation was performed using data from both the Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust and Ipswich Hospital...
February 27, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473719/diabetic-macular-edema-current-understanding-pharmacologic-treatment-options-and-developing-therapies
#13
REVIEW
Kevin Miller, Jorge A Fortun
Diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema comprise a major source of visual disability throughout the developed world. The etiology and pathogenesis of macular edema is intricate and multifactorial, in which the hyperglycemic state in diabetes induces a microangiopathy. Through several inflammatory and vasogenic mediators, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) upregulation and inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, pathologic changes are induced in the vascular endothelium triggering breakdown of the blood retinal barrier, causing extravasation of fluid into the extracellular space and manifesting clinically as macular edema, resulting in visual loss...
January 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468091/surgical-technical-evidence-review-for-elective-total-joint-replacement-conducted-for-the-ahrq-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery
#14
REVIEW
Christopher P Childers, Anaar E Siletz, Emily S Singer, Claire Faltermeier, Q Lina Hu, Clifford Y Ko, Gregory J Golladay, Stephen L Kates, Elizabeth C Wick, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons
Background: Use of enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) can improve patient outcomes, yet national implementation of these pathways remains low. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ; funder), the American College of Surgeons, and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patent Safety and Quality have developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery-a national effort to catalyze implementation of practices to improve perioperative care and enhance recovery of surgical patients...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467134/nhs-diabetes-prevention-programme-in-england-formative-evaluation-of-the-programme-in-early-phase-implementation
#15
Linda Penn, Angela Rodrigues, Anna Haste, Marta M Marques, Kirsten Budig, Kirby Sainsbury, Ruth Bell, Vera Araújo-Soares, Martin White, Carolyn Summerbell, Elizabeth Goyder, Alan Brennan, Ashley J Adamson, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the demonstrator phase and first wave roll-out of the National Health Service (NHS) Diabetes Prevention Programme (DPP) in England. To examine: (1) intervention design, provision and fidelity assessment procedures; (2) risk assessment and recruitment pathways and (3) data collection for monitoring and evaluation. To provide recommendations informing decision makers on programme quality, improvements and future evaluation. DESIGN: We reviewed programme documents, mapping against the NHS DPP specification and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) public health guideline: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevention in people at high risk (PH38), conducted qualitative research using individual interviews and focus group discussions with stakeholders and examined recruitment, fidelity and data collection procedures...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447091/obesity-in-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-four-national-guidelines
#16
Dana Vitner, Kristin Harris, Cynthia Maxwell, Dan Farine
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnancy has become one of the most important challenges in obstetrical care given its prevalence and potential adverse impact on both mother and fetus. The primary objective of this descriptive review is to identify common themes and distinctions within the current recommendations for maternal obesity in the most updated version of four published national guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed the following guidelines for obesity in pregnancy: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) 2015, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RANZCOG) 2013, Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (RCOG) 2010, and Society of Obstetrics and Gynecologists of Canada (SOGC) 2010...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443437/influencing-pathways-to-quality-of-life-and-hba1c-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study-that-inform-evidence-based-practice
#17
Hui-Chun Hsu, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Ruey-Hsia Wang
BACKGROUND: Determining possible associated factors and the influencing pathways to hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) levels and quality of life (QoL) will facilitate the development of effective interventions to improve the physical and psychosocial health of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVES: To test a hypothesized model that addressed the pathways among personal characteristics, social support, diabetes distress, and self-care behaviors to HbA1C and QoL...
February 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440941/sleep-disturbances-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-prevalence-pathophysiology-impact-and-management-strategies
#18
REVIEW
Renae C Fernandez, Vivienne M Moore, Emer M Van Ryswyk, Tamara J Varcoe, Raymond J Rodgers, Wendy A March, Lisa J Moran, Jodie C Avery, R Doug McEvoy, Michael J Davies
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder affecting the reproductive, metabolic and psychological health of women. Clinic-based studies indicate that sleep disturbances and disorders including obstructive sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness occur more frequently among women with PCOS compared to comparison groups without the syndrome. Evidence from the few available population-based studies is supportive. Women with PCOS tend to be overweight/obese, but this only partly accounts for their sleep problems as associations are generally upheld after adjustment for body mass index; sleep problems also occur in women with PCOS of normal weight...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414980/diagnostic-pathways-and-direct-medical-costs-incurred-by-new-adult-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-prior-to-anti-tuberculosis-treatment-tamil-nadu-india
#19
Karun Sandeep Veesa, Kamalabhai Russell John, Patrick K Moonan, Saravanakumar Puthupalayam Kaliappan, Krishna Manjunath, Karuna D Sagili, Chinnappareddy Ravichandra, Pradeep Aravindan Menon, Chandrakumar Dolla, Nancy Luke, Kaivan Munshi, Kuryan George, Shantidani Minz
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) patients face substantial delays prior to treatment initiation, and out of pocket (OOP) expenditures often surpass the economic productivity of the household. We evaluated the pre-diagnostic cost and health seeking behaviour of new adult pulmonary TB patients registered at Primary Health Centres (PHCs) in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: This descriptive study, part of a randomised controlled trial conducted in three rural Tuberculosis Units from Dec 2012 to Dec 2015, collected data on number of health facilities, dates of visits prior to the initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment, and direct OOP medical costs associated with TB diagnosis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412437/an-international-position-statement-on-the-management-of-frailty-in-diabetes-mellitus-summary-of-recommendations-2017
#20
A J Sinclair, A Abdelhafiz, T Dunning, M Izquierdo, L Rodriguez Manas, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J E Morley, M Munshi, J Woo, B Vellas
AIM: The International Position Statement provides the opportunity to summarise all existing clinical trial and best practice evidence for older people with frailty and diabetes. It is the first document of its kind and is intended to support clinical decisions that will enhance safety in management and promote high quality care. METHODS: The Review Group sought evidence from a wide range of studies that provide sufficient confidence (in the absence of grading) for the basis of each recommendation...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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