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pain management ,spine ,low back pain,joint pain management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955005/accurate-diagnosis-of-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-high-level-college-athlete-a-case-report
#1
Kenji Yokoyama, Kazuta Yamashita, Masatoshi Morimoto, Fumitake Tezuka, Fumio Hayashi, Yoichiro Takata, Toshinori Sakai, Kosaku Higashino, Takashi Chikawa, Hiroshi Yonezu, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
A 21-year-old woman who was high-level college softball player presented with a 6-month history of low back pain that had been treated unsuccessfully by medication at local clinics. There was tenderness in the left paravertebral muscle at the lower lumbar level. X-ray and computed tomography revealed congenital scoliosis and an L6 hemivertebra. Short tau inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging showed a fluid collection at the left L6-S1 facet joint. We performed a diagnostic facet injection, consisting of 1% lidocaine and steroids, that was infiltrated into the left facet joint at L6-S1...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934785/1-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-conservative-management-vs-minimally-invasive-surgical-treatment-for-sacroiliac-joint-pain
#2
Julius Dengler Dengler, Djaya Kools, Robert Pflugmacher, Alessandro Gasbarrini, Domenico Prestamburgo, Paolo Gaetani, Eddie van Eeckhoven, Daniel Cher, Bengt Sturesson
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) emanating from the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a common finding. Devices to fuse the SIJ are now commercially available, but high-quality evidence supporting their effectiveness is limited. OBJECTIVES: To compare the safety and effectiveness of conservative management (CM) to minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion (SIJF) in patients with chronic LBP originating from the SIJ. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter randomized controlled trial...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851418/survey-of-integrative-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-treatment-in-korean-medicine-doctors-preliminary-data-for-clinical-practice-guidelines
#3
Yoon Jae Lee, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Yong-Jun Ahn, Ye-Sle Shin, Ki Byung Park, Byung-Cheul Shin, Myeong Soo Lee, Joo-Hee Kim, Jae-Heung Cho, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: Considering that large variations exist amongst practitioners in lumbar disorder management and the significant costs that lumbar disorders incur, determining clinical practice patterns to provide preliminary data for standardization should be given higher priority. Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is commonly treated using integrative non-surgical methods by Korean medicine doctors (KMDs) in Korea, and this is the first study to assess current Korean medicine practice trends for LSS...
August 29, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764702/characterisation-of-the-correlation-between-standing-lordosis-and-degenerative-joint-disease-in-the-lower-lumbar-spine-in-women-and-men-a-radiographic-study
#4
Kelvin J Murray, Michael R Le Grande, Arantxa Ortega de Mues, Michael F Azari
BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the lumbar spine is a common condition that is associated with chronic low back pain. Excessive loading of lumbar joints is a risk factor for DJD. Changes in lumbar lordosis significantly redistribute the forces of weight-bearing on the facet joints and the intervertebral discs. However, the relationship between lumbar lordosis and DJD has not been characterized in men and women. METHODS: We characterised the correlation between standing lumbar lordosis and DJD in standing radiographic images from 301 adult female and male chiropractic patients...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492440/diskitis-osteomyelitis-spinal-epidural-abscess-meningitis-and-endocarditis-following-sacroiliac-joint-injection-for-the-treatment-of-low-back-pain-in-a-patient-on-therapy-for-hepatitis-c-virus
#5
Geeta Nagpal, John P Flaherty, Honorio T Benzon
OBJECTIVE: Sacroiliac joint injections are frequently performed procedures in the management of acute and chronic low-back pain, including patients with various immunocompromised states. Infectious complications following these procedures along with other spinal injections are rarely reported, but the true incidence is unknown. The purpose of this report is to highlight the devastating neurologic sequela that can occur, and to discuss potential future management strategies. CASE REPORT: We present a patient who developed diskitis, osteomyelitis, spinal epidural abscess, meningitis, and endocarditis from Staphylococcus aureus, all of which developed shortly after a sacroiliac joint injection...
July 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158156/percutaneous-sacroplasty-for-non-neoplastic-osteoporotic-sacral-insufficiency-fractures
#6
Dong-Hwa Heo, Choon-Keun Park
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is an important problem in those of advanced age. Osteoporosis can induce sacral insufficiency fractures (SIFs). As average life expectancy increases, the number of patients with osteoporotic SIFs also increases. Osteoporotic SIFs cause severe low back pain and immobilization. Treatment of SIFs varies from analgesia to surgery. OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience and assess the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive percutaneous sacroplasty in patients with osteoporotic SIFs...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817138/tophaceous-gout-of-the-lumbar-spine-mimicking-a-spinal-meningioma
#7
Pedro Ribeiro da Cunha, António Judice Peliz, Marcos Barbosa
PURPOSE: Although gout is a common metabolic disorder, it usually affects distal joints of the appendicular skeleton. Axial spine involvement is rare, with only 131 cases reported in the literature. The authors report a rare case of lumbar spinal gout mimicking a spinal meningioma. METHODS: A 77-year-old man with a history of gout presented with chronic low back pain and progressive paraparesis. Imaging revealed a lumbar spine compressive mass lesion with a dural tail signal...
November 5, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629371/referred-leg-pain-originating-from-the-sacroiliac-joint-6-month-outcomes-from-the-prospective-randomized-controlled-imia-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julius Dengler, Bengt Sturesson, Djaya Kools, Domenico Prestamburgo, Daniel Cher, Eddie van Eeckhoven, Emanuel Erk, Robert Pflugmacher, Peter Vajkoczy
BACKGROUND: The first results from the randomized, controlled iFuse Implant System Minimally Invasive Arthrodesis (iMIA) trial showed that minimally invasive surgical management (MISM) of low back pain originating from the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) by placing transarticular triangular titanium implants reduced pain more effectively than conservative management (CM). We now conducted a separate analysis of the iMIA data to assess whether the referred leg pain (RLP) component of SIJ-associated pain may also be affected by MISM or CM...
November 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582621/lumbar-lateral-shift-in-a-patient-with-interspinous-device-implantation-a-case-report
#9
Seth Peterson, Cheri Hodges
BACKGROUND: Lumbar lateral shift (LLS) is a common clinical observation but has rarely been described in a patient with a history of lumbar surgery. The purpose of the current case report was to describe the use of the McKenzie Method of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) in the multi-modal treatment of a patient with an LLS and a history of multiple surgical procedures in the lumbar spine, including interspinous process device (IPD) implantation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old female with chronic low back pain (LBP) and a surgical history in the lumbar spine was referred to physical therapy for radiating leg pain and presented with a right LLS...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525182/using-the-selective-functional-movement-assessment-and-regional-interdependence-theory-to-guide-treatment-of-an-athlete-with-back-pain-a-case-report
#10
Gabriella R Goshtigian, Brian T Swanson
BACKGROUND: Despite the multidirectional quality of human movement, common measurement procedures used in physical therapy examination are often uni-planar and lack the ability to assess functional complexities involved in daily activities. Currently, there is no widely accepted, validated standard to assess movement quality. The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) is one possible system to objectively assess complex functional movements. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the application of the SFMA as a guide to the examination, evaluation, and management of a patient with non-specific low back pain (LBP)...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105462/new-minimally-invasive-technique-for-direct-pars-interarticularis-osteosynthesis-using-cortical-screws-and-spinous-process-modular-link
#11
Matthew J Goldstein, James Bruffey, Robert K Eastlack
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of direct pars osteosynthesis using computed topography (CT) navigation, image guided cortically placed screws with curvilinear subspinous modular link. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spondylolysis fracture is commonly encountered in athletes who subject their spines to repetitive hyperextension stress. Initial treatment is nonoperative, consisting of rest, activity modification, physical therapy, and/or bracing...
December 1, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971829/surgical-management-of-juxtafacet-cysts-in-the-lumbar-spine
#12
Alaattin Yurt, Mehmet Seçer, Murat Aydın, Emrah Akçay, Ali Rıza Ertürk, İsmail Akkol, Hakan Yılmaz, Mahmut Necdet Palaz
INTRODUCTION: Juxtafacet cysts of the lumbar spine are extradural degenerative lesions associated with symptoms of lower back pain and radiculopathy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of surgery and address controversial issues in the treatment of symptomatic juxta facet cysts in the Neurosurgical Department of our hospital and review of the literature. METHODS: Data from seven patients (age range 58-68 years, mean age 63 years) with low back and radicular leg pain due to a lumbar facet joint cyst were retrospectively analyzed...
May 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773321/physiotherapy-and-a-homeopathic-complex-for-chronic-low-back-pain-due-to-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mary Morris, Janice Pellow, Elizabeth Margaret Solomon, Tebogo Tsele-Tebakang
CONTEXT: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of chronic low-back pain (CLBP) and can be managed with drug therapy and physiotherapy. Homeopathic remedies may assist managing OA; however, research that supports their effectiveness is limited. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of a homeopathic complex in combination with physiotherapy in treating CLBP due to OA. DESIGN: The study was a 6-wk, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot...
January 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664236/a-comparative-clinical-study-of-siravedha-and-agnikarma-in-management-of-gridhrasi-sciatica
#14
J Vaneet Kumar, Tukaram S Dudhamal, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Vyasadev Mahanta
BACKGROUND: Lifetime incidence of low back pain is 50-70% and incidence of clinically significant sciatica due to lumbar disc prolapse occurs in 4-6% of the population. Low back pain and sciatica is major cause of morbidity throughout the world. There is only conservative treatment giving short-term relief in pain or surgical intervention with side-effect. There is need to find out quick relief from pain in today's era as it affects physical as well as mental and social life of patients...
July 2014: Ayu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26653300/evaluation-and-treatment-of-low-back-pain-a-clinically-focused-review-for-primary-care-specialists
#15
REVIEW
W Michael Hooten, Steven P Cohen
Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. In the absence of a classification system for pain syndromes, classification of LBP on the basis of the distribution of pain as axial (pain generally localized to the low back) or radicular neuropathic (pain radiating to the lower extremities) is relevant to clinical practice because the distribution of pain is often a corollary of frequently occurring disease processes involving the lumbar spine. Common sources of axial LBP include the intervertebral disc, facet joint, sacroiliac joint, and paraspinal musculature, whereas common sources of radicular pain include a herniated intervertebral disc and spinal stenosis...
December 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644786/cranial-treatment-and-spinal-manipulation-for-a-patient-with-low-back-pain-a-case-study
#16
Wayne Powell, Simone F C Knaap
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case study is to present chiropractic management of a patient with chronic low back pain by focusing on the craniomandibular system. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 37-year-old man consulted a chiropractor for pain in the lumbosacral area with radiation down the anterolateral side of the upper left leg. The symptoms started after a fall the previous year. Examination showed a post-traumatic chronic L4-L5 facet dysfunction and left sacro-iliac joint dysfunction...
March 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644785/chiropractic-management-of-low-back-pain-in-a-75-year-old-man-with-bilateral-developmental-hip-dysplasia
#17
Kelvin J Murray, Michael F Azari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management of an elderly man with untreated bilateral hip joint dysplasia presenting with mild acute mechanical low back pain. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 75-year-old man presented with an insidious-onset intermittent low back pain of 3 days' duration. Physical examination findings supported a mechanical cause for mild acute low back pain. Plain radiography revealed dysplasia of hip joints with absence of femoral heads and necks and bilateral high dislocation...
March 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606010/anatomic-evaluation-of-the-sacroiliac-joint-a-radiographic-study-with-implications-for-procedures
#18
Sumit H Rana, Payam Farjoodi, Sean Haloman, Pascual Dutton, Arvin Hariri, Samuel R Ward, Steven R Garfin, Douglas G Chang
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SI) pain is increasingly being recognized as a source of low back pain. Injections and percutaneous type procedures are performed to treat symptomatic joints. However, there are limited studies available assessing the anatomy of the SI joint in vivo among patients with pain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to provide more precise information on the dimensions and orientation of the SI joint using a new technique for the radiographic evaluation of this joint...
November 2015: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550787/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-bone-scan-with-spect-ct-in-the-management-of-low-back-pain-a-study-supported-by-differential-diagnostic-local-anesthetic-blocks
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anuj Jain, Suruchi Jain, Anil Agarwal, Sanjay Gambhir, Chetna Shamshery, Amita Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Conventional radiologic modalities provide details only about the anatomic aspect of the various structures of the spine. Frequently the structures that show abnormal morphology may not be the cause of low back pain (LBP). Functional imaging in the form of bone scan along with single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT/CT) may be helpful in identifying structures causing pain, whether morphologically normal or not. The objective of this study is to evaluate the role of bone scan with SPECT/CT in management of patients with LBP...
December 2015: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26271756/low-back-pain-and-pelvic-girdle-pain-in-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Danielle Casagrande, Zbigniew Gugala, Shannon M Clark, Ronald W Lindsey
Pregnancy has a profound effect on the human body, particularly the musculoskeletal system. Hormonal changes cause ligamentous joint laxity, weight gain, and a shift in the center of gravity that leads to lumbar spine hyperlordosis and anterior tilting of the pelvis. In addition, vascular changes may lead to compromised metabolic supply in the low back. The most common musculoskeletal complaints in pregnancy are low back pain and/or pelvic girdle pain. They can be diagnosed and differentiated from each other by history taking, clinical examination, provocative test maneuvers, and imaging...
September 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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