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obs and gyn

Mikio Mikami, Satoru Nagase, Wataru Yamagami, Kimio Ushijma, Hironori Tashiro, Hidetaka Katabuchi
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence has supported the concept that epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) arises from the cells of the fallopian tube or endometrium. This study investigated current practice in Japan with respect to performing opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy (OBS) during gynecological surgery for benign disease for Ovarian Cancer Prevention. METHODS: We mailed a questionnaire to 767 hospitals and clinics, comprising 628 accredited training institutions of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG), Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology (JSGO), or Japan Society of Gynecologic and Obstetric Endoscopy and Minimally Invasive Therapy (JSGOE) and 139 private institutions with at least one JSGOE-certified licensed gynecologic laparoscopist...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Nathaniel L Jones, Jay Schulkin, Renata R Urban, Jason D Wright, William M Burke, June Y Hou, Cora A McElwain, Ana I Tergas
BACKGROUND: Opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy (OBS) has been proposed as an ovarian cancer risk-reducing strategy. METHODS: A survey was emailed to 300 members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. RESULTS: 125 (42%) surveys were returned: 60% female, 88% generalists, 67% private practice. Only 36% correctly identified the lifetime risk of ovarian cancer, only 23% understood the risk-reducing benefit of bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
January 2, 2017: Cancer Investigation
C Vayssière, A Gaudineau, L Attali, K Bettahar, S Eyraud, P Faucher, P Fournet, D Hassoun, M Hatchuel, C Jamin, B Letombe, T Linet, M Msika Razon, A Ohanessian, H Segain, S Vigoureux, N Winer, S Wylomanski, A Agostini
OBJECTIVE: Develop recommendations for the practice of induced abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign Gyn-Obs societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: The number of induced abortions (IA) has been stable for several decades. There are a lot of factors explaining the choice of abortion when there is an unplanned pregnancy (UPP). Early initiation and choice of contraception in connection to the woman's life are associated with lower NSP...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Hussein Dossajee, Nchafatso Obonyo, Syed Masud Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended physician to population ratio is 23:10,000. Kenya has a physician to population ratio of 1.8:10,000 and is among 57 countries listed as having a serious shortage of health workers. Approximately 52% of physicians work in urban areas, 6% in rural and 42% in peri-urban locations. This study explored factors influencing the choice of career specialization and location for practice among final year medical students by gender. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on final year students in 2013 at the University of Nairobi's, School of Medicine in Kenya...
January 11, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Chris Bateman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Endale Gebreegziabher, Adugna Aregawi, Habtamu Getinet
BACKGROUND: Competency in neonatal resuscitation is critical in the delivery rooms, neonatology units and pediatrics intensive care units to ensure the safety and health of neonates. Each year, millions of babies do not breathe immediately at birth, and among them the majority require basic neonatal resuscitation. Perinatal asphyxia is a major contributor to neonatal deaths worldwide in resource-limited settings. Neonatal resuscitation is effective only when health professionals have sufficient knowledge and skills...
2014: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Greta B Raglan, Joanna M Cain, Jay Schulkin
On a day-to-day basis, doctors must decide which treatments are most beneficial for their patients, and which make the most sense in terms of costs. In medical decision making, factors such as efficiency and cost-effectiveness can be particularly challenging to navigate because many of the most expensive procedures encountered in medical practice are also high-stake treatments for patients. One-hundred-six obstetricians-gynecologists (Obs/Gyns) completed a survey asking them to allocate the following resources in scenarios in which they are scarce: human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccinations, mammograms, and in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments...
September 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Mamuna Qayum, Muhammad Khalid-bin-Saleem
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is a ubiquitous pathogen worldwide and causes ocular. urogenital, and respiratory infections in humans. C. trachomatis infection of lower genital tract is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in different parts of the world. Their treatment, follow-up, and hopefulness for future is very important. Objectives of this study were to see the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among women of child bearing age and to determine the incidence of Chlamydia infection in neonates of women infected with Chlamydia...
January 2013: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Ruqqia Sultana, Shehla Noor, Ali Fawwad, Nasreen Abbasi, Rubina Bashir
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion is one of the greatest neglected problems of health care in developing countries like Pakistan. In countries where abortions are restricted women have to resort to clandestine interventions to have an unwanted pregnancy terminated. The study was conducted to find out the prevalence of septic induced abortion and the associated morbidity and mortality and to highlight the measures to reduce it. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in Obs/Gyn B Unit, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from January 2007 to December 2011...
July 2012: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Bushra Khan, Farhat Deeba, Samina Naseem Khattak
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratio of a country is indicative of its health and development status. Information on maternal mortality is required to determine this status and to set priorities for policy making and programmatic and operation research strategies. This study was conducted to determine the causes of maternal mortality in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology B Unit, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, from January 2002 to January 2012...
July 2012: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Radhia Khan, Zakkia Khan, Khalid Javed, Khurshid Ali
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes adversely affects the liver and kidney function tests. This study was conducted to determine that either the liver and kidney functions are disturbed in the patients having gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: One hundred and three women with GDM, and 97 healthy pregnant women (HPW) in their third trimester were registered in the Obs/Gyn Unit of Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar in the time period Apr-Sep 2012. Blood sugar level, glycosylated haemoglobin status HbAlc, haemoglobin concentration, platelet count, liver function tests including alanine amino transferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bilirubin, renal function tests including urea and creatinine were determined...
April 2012: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
P R Pant, J Sharma, S Subba
Objective: to study the complications of no scalpel vasectomy such as scrotal haematoma, infection, scrotal sinus, and failure, recanalization, and sperm granuloma. Materials and methods: A retrospective, descriptive study carried out in Dept. of Obs/ Gyn, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu Nepal. Result: Among 926 no scalpel vasectomy clients 5(0.53%) had scrotal haematoma, 4(0.43%) with had infection, 3(0.32%) had scrotal sinus; there were 2 cases each vasectomy failure who could not achieve azospermia and 2 with recanalization while there was only one case of sperm granuloma...
April 2007: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Asifa Ghazi, Farah Karim, Ayesha Muhammad Hussain, Tehmina Ali, Shazia Jabbar
BACKGROUND: In the past 30 years the rate of caesarean section (C/S) has steadily increased from 5% to more than 20% for many avoidable and unavoidable indications. The objective of this study was to compare maternal morbidity and determine its cause in elective and emergency caesarean section. METHOD: It was a cross-sectional comparative study conducted in Civil Hospital Karachi at Obs/Gyn Unit III. All mothers admitted through OPD or emergency during the study period, of any age or parity undergoing C/S were recruited in the study...
January 2012: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Jean Y Ko, Patricia M Dietz, Elizabeth J Conrey, Loren E Rodgers, Cynthia Shellhaas, Sherry L Farr, Cheryl L Robbins
BACKGROUND: Most women with histories of gestational diabetes mellitus do not receive a postpartum screening test for type 2 diabetes, even though they are at increased risk. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with high rates of postpartum glucose screening. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis assessed characteristics associated with postpartum diabetes screening for patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)-affected pregnancies self-reported by randomly sampled licensed obstetricians/gynecologists (OBs/GYNs) in Ohio in 2010...
August 2013: Journal of Women's Health
Yali Hu, Xinwei Dai, Yi-Hua Zhou, Huixia Yang
INTRODUCTION: This survey was designed to investigate the knowledge awareness of obstetrics and gynaecology staff (Obs/Gyn staff) on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODOLOGY: Obs/Gyn staff from 21 of the 31 Chinese mainland provinces, who attended medical meetings or training classes from July to October 2011, were invited to complete a questionnaire regarding PMTCT of HBV. The questionnaire included the clinical implications of HBV serologic markers and PMTCT preventive measures for both pregnant women and infants...
May 2013: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Bibi Munazza, Nuzhat Raza, Ayesha Naureen, Shahbaz Ali Khan, Fozia Fatima, Muhammad Ayub, Muhammad Sulaman
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder that can induce damage to cardiovascular system, kidneys, brain and liver. Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is responsible for significant maternal and perinatal morbidity. This study was conducted to compare the liver function tests in preeclampsia with normal pregnancy. METHODS: This study was carried out on 100 pregnant women after 20 weeks of gestation admitted in Obs/Gyn units of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad...
October 2011: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Haq Nawaz, Rehan Ahmed, Nasir Ahmed, Abdul Rashid
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy can lead to a variety of complications recognisable on clinical, echocardiographic, electrocardiographic and radiographic assessment. Among this, transthoracic echocardiography has the dual advantage of being helpful in making the diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy as well as an effective tool in early recognition of certain complications for timely management to improve the quality of life of these patients. METHODS: This descriptive (case series) study was undertaken at Departments of Medicine, Cardiology, Paediatrics and Obs/Gyn, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from July to December, 2008...
July 2011: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Fiona Simpkins, Andrea Papadia, Charles Kunos, Chad Michener, Heidi Frasure, Fadi AbuShahin, Andrea Mariani, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez, Lisa Landrum, Kathleen Moore, Sajeena G Thomas, Alexandra Windhorn, Peter G Rose
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the patterns of recurrence of stage IB-IIA endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma (EMCA) with lymphovascular invasion (LVSI). METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study of 1988 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB-IIA EMCA patients with LVSI treated with surgery with or without radiation was conducted. Those with papillary serous or clear cell histologies and women treated with chemotherapy were excluded...
January 2013: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza, Edward Araujo Júnior, Maurício Mendes Barbosa, Ana Carolina Rabachini Caetano, Desireé Ji Re Lee, Antonio Fernandes Moron
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a condition that affects 5-10 % of gestations, and it is the second primary cause of perinatal mortality. In this review the most recent knowledge about FGR is presented focusing on its concept, etiology, classification, diagnosis, management, and prognosis. METHODS: Searches were conducted in Pubmed, Embase and Lilacs database using the term fetal growth restriction. RESULTS: FGR is classified as type I (symmetric), manifested early, in which there is a proportional reduction of all fetal parts, generally associated with chromosome abnormalities; type II (asymmetric), with late onset, in which there is a more accentuated reduction of the abdomen, generally related to placental insufficiency; and type III (mixed), with early manifestation, resulting from infections or exposure to toxic agents...
July 2012: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gulrukh Qazi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to explore the relationship of various selected prenatal circumstances to pregnancy outcome in particular reference to congenital anomalies. METHOD: It was a cross-sectional analytical study and conducted at unit 'A' of the Department of Obs/Gyn, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, from January to December 2009. The analysis included data on all women having pregnancies with adverse outcome and various congenital anomalies during the study period 1st January to 31st December 2009...
October 2010: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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