keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

infused water

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919308/outbreak-of-pantoea-agglomerans-bloodstream-infections-at-an-oncology-clinic-illinois-2012-2013
#1
Brian R Yablon, Raymund Dantes, Victoria Tsai, Rachel Lim, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Matthew Arduino, Bette Jensen, Megan Toth Patel, Michael O Vernon, Yoran Grant-Greene, Demian Christiansen, Craig Conover, Alexander Kallen, Alice Y Guh
OBJECTIVE To determine the source of a healthcare-associated outbreak of Pantoea agglomerans bloodstream infections. DESIGN Epidemiologic investigation of the outbreak. SETTING Oncology clinic (clinic A). METHODS Cases were defined as Pantoea isolation from blood or catheter tip cultures of clinic A patients during July 2012-May 2013. Clinic A medical charts and laboratory records were reviewed; infection prevention practices and the facility's water system were evaluated. Environmental samples were collected for culture...
December 6, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891476/anti-bacterial-effectiveness-of-electro-chemically-activated-eca-water-as-a-root-canal-irrigant-an-in-vitro-comparative-study
#2
S Lata, Soumya Kanta Mohanty, Prasanti Kumari Pradhan, Gaurav Patri, Sachidananda Prasad Sinha, Pratik Agrawal
INTRODUCTION: Sodium hypochlorite, is the irrigant of choice for many clinicians, but its strong toxic and damaging effects on vital periapical tissues is always a matter of concern. So, the search for a root canal irrigant with a broad antimicrobial spectrum yet with a limited toxicity on vital tissues is always desirable. AIM: The study evaluated antimicrobial efficacy of Electro-Chemically Activated (ECA) water as a root canal irrigant against E. faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty eight single rooted human teeth were decoronated to a length of 15mm...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891459/comparison-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-turmeric-extract-morinda-citrifolia-and-3-sodium-hypochlorite-on-enterococcus-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#3
Bathula Vimala Chaitanya, Kusum Valli Somisetty, Abhinav Diwan, Shiraz Pasha, Nandaprasad Shetty, Yashwanth Reddy, Shankar Nadigar
INTRODUCTION: Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the most commonly used irrigant, has many potential properties like its unique ability to dissolve pulp tissue, excellent antimicrobial activity, but has a cytotoxic effect when injected into periapical tissues. It is also known to produce allergic reactions, foul smell and taste, and potential for corrosion. Facultative organisms such as Enterococcus faecalis and aerobes like Staphylococcus aureus are considered to be the most resistant species and one of the possible causes of root canal treatment failure...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889524/early-responses-of-mature-arabidopsis-thaliana-plants-to-reduced-water-potential-in-the-agar-based-polyethylene-glycol-infusion-drought-model
#4
Andrej Frolov, Tatiana Bilova, Gagan Paudel, Robert Berger, Gerd U Balcke, Claudia Birkemeyer, Ludger A Wessjohann
Drought is one of the most important environmental stressors resulting in increasing losses of crop plant productivity all over the world. Therefore, development of new approaches to increase the stress tolerance of crop plants is strongly desired. This requires precise and adequate modeling of drought stress. As this type of stress manifests itself as a steady decrease in the substrate water potential (ψw), agar plates infused with polyethylene glycol (PEG) are the perfect experimental tool: they are easy in preparation and provide a constantly reduced ψw, which is not possible in soil models...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879061/patterned-slips-for-the-formation-of-arrays-of-biofilm-microclusters-with-defined-geometries
#5
Julia Bruchmann, Ivana Pini, Tejeshwar S Gill, Thomas Schwartz, Pavel A Levkin
Biofilms represent an immense problem in medicine due to their strong drug-resistant properties and inherent stress-response activities. Due to the inhomogeneous and very complex architectures of large biofilm aggregates, biofilm studies often suffer from low reproducibility. In this study, an approach to form arrays of homogeneous biofilm microclusters with defined 2D geometries is presented. The method is based on the formation of water-infused hydrophilic porous polymer areas with precise geometries separated by "slippery" lubricant-infused porous surface (SLIPS)...
November 23, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864828/maternal-na-intake-induces-renal-function-injury-in-rats-prevented-by-a-short-term-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor
#6
Natalie E Ribeiro, E V Cabral, Regina S Aires, Leucio D Vieira-Filho, Valdilene S Ribeiro, Daianna R M Gonçalves, Luis P N C Borges, Ismaela M F Melo, Cintia G M Ferreira, Valeria Wanderley-Teixeira, Álvaro A C Teixeira, Anísio F Soares, Ana D O Paixão
The Na(+) -ATPase, a secondary pump in the proximal tubule, is only weakly responsive to angiotensin II in adult offspring exposed perinatally to high Na(+) intake. We have investigated whether the offspring from mothers given 0.3 M NaCl show an ineffective angiotensin II action to increase in blood pressure. It was hypothesized that functional alterations at adult life are associated with the number angiotensin II-positive cells in the developing kidney, with increased oxidative stress in maternal/foetal organs, or with morphometrical changes in placentas...
November 19, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859311/basic-mechanism-of-button-battery-ingestion-injuries-and-novel-mitigation-strategies-after-diagnosis-and-removal
#7
Kris R Jatana, Keith Rhoades, Scott Milkovich, Ian N Jacobs
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Button battery (BB) injuries continue to be a significant source of morbidity and mortality, and there is a need to confirm the mechanism of injury for development of additional mitigation strategies. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric piglet esophageal model. METHODS: Lithium, silver oxide, alkaline, and zinc-air BBs were placed in thawed sections of cadaveric piglet esophagus, bathed in normal saline. Severity of gross visual burn, pH, and temperature were recorded every 30 minutes for 6 hours...
November 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857995/anaphylaxis-after-intravenous-infusion-of-dexketoprofen-trometamol
#8
Sertac Guler, Ilyas Ertok, Nurdan Yilmaz Sahin, Hayri Ramadan, Yavuz Katirci
Dexketoprofen trometamol (DT), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is a highly water-soluble salt and active enantiomer of rac-ketoprofen. Its parenteral form is commonly used for acute pain management in emergency departments of our country. Side effects such as diarrhea, indigestion, nausea, stomach pain, and vomiting may be seen after the use of DT. Anaphylactic shock (AS) secondary to infusion of DT is very rare and, to our knowledge, it is the first case report describing this side effect. This case report was presented to emphasize that AS may be seen after the use of DT...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828557/cylindrical-chains-of-water-drops-condensing-on-microstructured-lubricant-infused-surfaces
#9
Tadashi Kajiya, Sanghyuk Wooh, Yunchan Lee, Kookheon Char, Doris Vollmer, Hans-Jürgen Butt
We studied the condensation of water drops on a micro-structured lubricant-infused surfaces. Hierarchical micro-prism surfaces were fabricated by soft imprinting with wet TiO2 nanoparticle paste. After hydrophobization, the patterned surfaces were infused with silicone oil as a lubricant. When cooling at high humidity (over 80%), water drops nucleate and start growing on the surface. Once they have reached a certain size, the drops at neighboring channels of the micro-prisms attract each other and spontaneously form cylindrical chains...
November 9, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810377/preventive-effect-of-genetic-knockdown-and-pharmacological-blockade-of-cyslt1r-on-lipopolysaccharide-lps-induced-memory-deficit-and-neurotoxicity-in-vivo
#10
Fang Chen, Arijit Ghosh, Feng Wu, Susu Tang, Mei Hu, Hongbin Sun, Lingyi Kong, Hao Hong
Previously we reported that cysteinyl leukotrienes (Cys-LTs) and the type 1 receptor for Cys-LTs (CysLT1R) are related to amyloid β (Aβ)-induced neurotoxicity. The aim of the current study was to find out the role of CysLT1R on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cognitive deficit and neurotoxicity. shRNA-mediated knockdown or pharmacological blockade (by pranlukast) of CysLT1R were performed in ICR mice for 21days prior to systemic infusion of LPS. From day 22, LPS was administered for 7days and then a set of behavioral, histopathological and biochemical tests were employed to test memory, neuroinflammation and apoptotic responses in the mouse hippocampus...
November 1, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798031/the-environmental-footprint-of-morphine-a-life-cycle-assessment-from-opium-poppy-farming-to-the-packaged-drug
#11
Scott McAlister, Yanjun Ou, Elise Neff, Karen Hapgood, David Story, Philip Mealey, Forbes McGain
OBJECTIVE: To examine the environmental life cycle from poppy farming through to production of 100 mg in 100 mL of intravenous morphine (standard infusion bag). DESIGN: 'Cradle-to-grave' process-based life cycle assessment (observational). SETTINGS: Australian opium poppy farms, and facilities for pelletising, manufacturing morphine, and sterilising and packaging bags of morphine. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The environmental effects (eg, CO2 equivalent ('CO2 e') emissions and water use) of producing 100 mg of morphine...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797475/oil-infused-superhydrophobic-silicone-material-for-low-ice-adhesion-with-long-term-infusion-stability
#12
Yong Han Yeong, Chenyu Wang, Kenneth J Wynne, Mool C Gupta
A new approach for anti-icing materials has been created to combat the effects of ice accretion and adhesion. The concept combines the strengths of individual characteristics for low ice adhesion based on elasticity, superhydrophobicity and Slippery Liquid Infused Porous Surfaces (SLIPS) for an optimal combination of high water repellency and ice-phobicity. This was achieved by replicating micro-textures from a laser-irradiated aluminum substrate to an oil-infused polydimethylsiloxane elastomer, the result of which is a flexible, superhydrophobic and lubricated material...
October 31, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786581/the-effect-of-pre-eclampsia-like-syndrome-induced-by-l-name-on-learning-and-memory-and-hippocampal-glucocorticoid-receptor-expression-a-rat-model
#13
Hao Zhu, Weimin Zhu, Rong Hu, Huijun Wang, Duan Ma, Xiaotian Li
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the impacts of pre-eclampsia on the cognitive and learning capabilities of adolescent rat offspring and to explore the possible underlying mechanisms at the molecular level. METHODS: Pregnant rats were subcutaneously injected with saline solution (control) (n = 16) or NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (n = 16) from the 13th day of gestation until parturition. The brain tissues from fetal rats delivered by cesarean section were examined in both groups with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining...
October 27, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786360/influence-of-brewing-conditions-on-taste-components-in-fuding-white-tea-infusions
#14
Haihua Zhang, Yulin Li, Yangjun Lv, Yulan Jiang, Junxian Pan, Yuwei Duan, Yuejin Zhu, Shikang Zhang
BACKGROUND: White tea has received increasing attention of late as a result of its sweet taste and health benefits. During the brewing of white tea, many factors may affect the nutritional and sensory quality of the resulting infusions. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of various infusion conditions on the taste components of Fuding white tea, including infusion time, ratio of tea and water, number of brewing steps, and temperature. RESULTS: Brewing conditions had a strong effect on the taste compound profile and sensory characteristics...
October 27, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777196/-glucagon-like-peptide-1-improves-learning-and-memory-abilities-of-rats-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Zhao-Guang Tan, Wei-Hong Gao, Xiang-Sheng Cai, Fang Wang, Hong-Xiang Hui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) on cognitive dysfunction in diabetic rats. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, diabetes mellitus (DM) group, and GLP-1 treatment group. Rat models of type 2 diabetes were established by high-sugar and high-fat feeding and streptozotocin (STZ) injection, and 25 days after the onset of diabetes, GLP-1 was infused in GLP-1 treatment group at the rate of 30 pmol·kg(-1)·min(-1) via a subcutaneous osmotic pump for 7 days...
October 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765356/anti-stress-effects-of-drinking-green-tea-with-lowered-caffeine-and-enriched-theanine-epigallocatechin-and-arginine-on-psychosocial-stress-induced-adrenal-hypertrophy-in-mice
#16
Keiko Unno, Ayane Hara, Aimi Nakagawa, Kazuaki Iguchi, Megumi Ohshio, Akio Morita, Yoriyuki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Theanine, an amino acid in tea, has significant anti-stress effects on animals and humans. However, the anti-stress effects of drinking green tea have not yet been elucidated. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The present study aimed to explore anti-stress effects of green tea and roles of tea components in a mouse model of psychosocial stress. STUDY DESIGN: We examined anti-stress effects of three types of green teas, theanine-rich "Gyokuro", standard "Sencha", and Sencha with lowered caffeine (low-caffeine green tea)...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761984/metformin-reduces-the-rate-of-small-intestinal-glucose-absorption-in-type-2-diabetes
#17
Tongzhi Wu, Cong Xie, Hang Wu, Karen L Jones, Michael Horowitz, Christopher K Rayner
In rodents, metformin slows intestinal glucose absorption, potentially increasing exposure of the distal gut to glucose to enhance postprandial glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion. We evaluated the effects of metformin on serum 3-O-methylglucose (3-OMG; a marker of glucose absorption) and plasma total GLP-1 concentrations during a standardized intraduodenal infusion of glucose and 3-OMG in patients with type 2 diabetes. A total of 12 patients, treated with metformin 850 mg twice daily or placebo for 7 days each in a double-blind, randomized, crossover design (14 days' washout between treatments), were evaluated on days 5 or 8 of each treatment (6 subjects each)...
October 20, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754131/os-25-06-central-angiotensin-ii-accelerates-brain-injury-and-sarcopenia-associated-with-oxidative-stress-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzhemier-s-disease
#18
Koki Takane, Yu Hasegawa, Lin Bowen, Takashi Yokoo, Shokei Kim-Mitsuyama
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidences suggest that patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) show not only cognitive impairment but also physical disorder including cardiac dysfunction and sarcopenia. In this study, we investigated whether central angiotensin II, inducer of oxidative stress, led to the organ dysfunction in a mouse model of AD. DESIGN AND METHOD: 5XFAD which is an animal model of AD and C57BL/6 (WT) were each assigned to 1) normal saline and 2) angiotensin II (20 mg/kg/h) groups...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754098/os-21-03-effects-of-the-trpm7-kinase-domain-in-vascular-dysfunction-and-cardiac-fibrosis-induced-by-aldosterone-and-salt
#19
Francisco J Rios, Katie Y Hood, A Karvey, Karla B Neves, Panagiota Anyfanti, Ryszard Nosalski, Livia L Camargo Ll, Augusto C Montezano, Rhian M Touyz
OBJECTIVE: TRPM7 is cation channel with intrinsic kinase activity important for cellular Mg homeostasis. We recently showed that TRPM7-kinase plays a role in aldosterone-mediated vascular effects and inflammation. Here we explored the putative role of TRPM7-kinase in cardiac fibrosis and vascular function in aldosterone-induced hypertension in mice. DESIGN AND METHOD: Wild-type (WT) or heterozygote TRPM7-kinase domain (TRPM7+/-) mice were treated with infused aldosterone (600 μg/Kg/day) and NaCl 1% in drinking water (aldo/salt) for 4 weeks...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752541/terminal-dopamine-release-kinetics-in-the-accumbens-core-and-shell-are-distinctly-altered-after-withdrawal-from-cocaine-self-administration
#20
Michael P Saddoris
Repeated self-administration of cocaine is associated with impairments in motivated behaviors as well as alterations in both dopamine (DA) release and neural signaling within the nucleus accumbens (NAc). These impairments are present even after several weeks of abstinence from drug taking, suggesting that the self-administration experience induces long-lasting neuroplastic alterations in the mesolimbic DA circuit. To understand these changes at the terminal level, rats were allowed to self-administer either cocaine intravenously (∼1 mg/kg per infusion) or water to a receptacle (control) in 2-h sessions over 14 days, followed by 30 days of enforced abstinence...
September 2016: ENeuro
keyword
keyword
92817
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"