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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746971/-french-comment-on-article-adenoma-detection-with-blue-water-infusion-colonoscopy-a-randomized-trial
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745868/bioinspired-design-of-three-dimensional-ordered-tribrachia-post-arrays-with-re-entrant-geometry-for-omniphobic-and-slippery-surfaces
#2
Yi Wu, Shuxue Zhou, Bo You, Limin Wu
Hydro- and oleo-phobic (namely omniphobic) coatings or surfaces have many important applications, but tremendous challenges in fabrication aspects still remain. Herein, we report a bioinspired design and nanofabrication of three-dimensional (3D) tribrachia-post arrays with re-entrant geometry (3D TPARG) for super-hydrophobic and oleophobic polymer films or surfaces. By simply controlling the temperatures and time to treat silica colloidal templates, we can readily fabricate 3D ordered polymer arrays of tribrachia-posts or hexagonal tribrachia-posts with re-entrant geometries that resemble the skin of springtail after the template is removed...
July 26, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744885/water-infused-surface-protection-as-an-active-mechanism-for-fibrin-sheath-prevention-in-central-venous-catheters
#3
David W Sutherland, Xin Zhang, Joseph L Charest
Protein adhesion in central venous catheters (CVCs) leads to fibrin sheath formation, the precursor to thrombotic and biofilm-related CVC failures. Advances in material properties and surface coatings do not completely prevent fibrin sheath formation and post-formation treatment options are limited and expensive. We propose water infused surface protection (WISP), an active method for prevention of fibrin sheath formation on CVCs, which creates a blood-free boundary layer on the inner surface of the CVC, limiting blood contact with the CVC lumen wall...
July 26, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729970/severe-cyclophosphamide-related-hyponatremia-in-a-patient-with-acute-glomerulonephritis
#4
Pasquale Esposito, Maria Valentina Domenech, Nicoletta Serpieri, Marta Calatroni, Ilaria Massa, Alessandro Avella, Edoardo La Porta, Luca Estienne, Elena Caramella, Teresa Rampino
Cyclophosphamide is frequently used to treat cancer, autoimmune and renal diseases, such as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Its side effects are well-known, including bone marrow depression, infections, alopecia, sterility, bladder malignancy and hemorrhagic cystitis. Moreover, in some cases cyclophosphamide use has been related to the onset of hyponatremia, by development of a syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis. Indeed, severe hyponatremia has been previously reported in patients treated with high-dose or moderate-dose of intravenous cyclophosphamide, while only few cases have been reported in patients treated with low dose...
July 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727010/effect-of-experimentally-increased-protein-supply-to-postpartum-dairy-cows-on-plasma-protein-synthesis-rumen-tissue-proliferation-and-immune-homeostasis
#5
M Larsen, C M Røntved, P K Theil, M Khatun, C Lauridsen, N B Kristensen
The effect of experimentally increasing the postpartum protein supply on plasma protein synthesis, rumen tissue proliferation, and immune homeostasis was studied using 8 periparturient Holstein cows in a complete randomized design. At calving, cows were assigned to abomasal infusion of water (CTRL) or casein (CAS) in addition to a lactation diet. Casein infusion was gradually decreased from 696 ± 1 g/d at +2 d relative to calving (DRTC) to 212 ± 10 g/d at +29 DRTC to avoid excessive supply. Synthesis rate of plasma proteins was measured at -14, +4, +15, and +29 DRTC by measuring [C]Phe isotopic enrichment in arterial plasma free Phe, total plasma proteins, and albumin after 3, 5, and 7 h of jugular ring[C]Phe infusion...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726987/effect-of-butyrate-infusion-into-the-rumen-on-butyrate-flow-to-the-duodenum-selected-gene-expression-in-the-duodenum-epithelium-and-nutrient-digestion-in-sheep
#6
P Górka, B Śliwiński, J Flaga, J Wieczorek, M M Godlewski, E Wierzchoś, R Zabielski, Z M Kowalski
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of butyrate infusion into the rumen on butyrate flow to the duodenum, expression of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) transporters (monocarboxylate transporter-1, -2, and -4) and receptors (G protein coupled receptor-41 and -43) in the duodenal epithelium and nutrient digestion in sheep. Eight wethers (39.0 ± 3.00 kg; mean ± SD) with ruminal and T-shape duodenal cannulas were allocated to 4 × 4 replicated Latin square design with each experimental period lasting for 21 d (12 d of adaptation and 9 d for data and sample collection)...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720176/determination-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-commercial-parenteral-formulations-and-medications-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection
#7
Marcia M Barichello, Denise Bohrer, Carine Viana, Leandro M Carvalho, Paulo C Nascimento
HPLC coupled to UV diode array detection (DAD) is proposed for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in pharmaceutical products for parenteral administration. Because rubber is a possible source of PAHs for these products, samples stored in containers with rubber parts were selected for the analysis. The basis for method optimization was EPA Method 8310, which determines 16 priority PAHs in ground water and wastewater by HPLC using both UV and fluorescence detection. Using DAD, two channels were selected for detection, with one operating at 254 nm for the detection of nine PAHs and the other at 225 nm for the detection of seven PAHs...
July 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715202/antifouling-biomimetic-liquid-infused-stainless-steel-application-to-dairy-industrial-processing
#8
Sawsen Zouaghi, Thierry Six, Séverine Bellayer, Sona Moradi, Savvas G Hatzikiriakos, Thomas Dargent, Vincent Thomy, Yannick Coffinier, Christophe André, Guillaume Delaplace, Maude Jimenez
Fouling is a widespread and costly issue, faced by all food-processing industries. Particularly, in the dairy sector, where thermal treatments are mandatory to ensure product safety, heat-induced fouling represents up to 80% of the total production costs. Significant environmental impacts, due the massive consumption of water and energy, are also to deplore. Fouling control solutions are thus desperately needed, as they would lead to substantial financial gains as well as tremendous progress toward eco-responsible processes...
July 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713433/black-tea-source-production-and-consumption-assessment-of-health-risks-of-fluoride-intake-in-new-zealand
#9
Declan T Waugh, Michael Godfrey, Hardy Limeback, William Potter
In countries with fluoridation of public water, it is imperative to determine other dietary sources of fluoride intake to reduce the public health risk of chronic exposure. New Zealand has one of the highest per capita consumption rates of black tea internationally and is one of the few countries to artificially fluoridate public water; yet no information is available to consumers on the fluoride levels in tea products. In this study, we determined the contribution of black tea as a source of dietary fluoride intake by measuring the fluoride content in 18 brands of commercially available products in New Zealand...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712380/influence-of-para-aminohippuric-acid-analysis-on-net-portal-drained-viscera-flux-of-nutrients-in-pigs
#10
I Fernández-Fígares, M Lachica, M L Rojas-Cano, A González-Casado
In nutrition studies, para-aminohippuric acid (PAH) is a marker frequently used to measure blood flow in pigs, which is essential for estimating portal-drained viscera (PDV) flux of nutrients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the PAH analytical method by means of qualimetric statistical procedures to estimate the matrix effect and the accuracy and limits of quantitation of the method. Net PDV flux of nutrients was determined in five multi-catheterized pigs using water, plasma or commercial serum as standard matrix...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706760/bactericidal-effect-of-different-anti-microbial-agents-on-fusobacterium-nucleatum-biofilm
#11
Rupa Ashok, Arathi Ganesh, Kandaswamy Deivanayagam
INTRODUCTION: The root canal anatomy of the teeth is very complex. Complete debridement of the root canals is a challenge and is very important for the success of the root canal treatment. Hence, this study was done to find an effective irrigant which can be used during root canal treatment. OBJECTIVE: The bactericidal effect of a potential root canal irrigant was compared with two commonly used root canal irrigants against monoculture biofilm of a commercially available isolate of Fusobacterium nucleatum...
June 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701670/impact-of-compound-hypertonic-saline-solution-on-decompensated-heart-failure
#12
Yanfang Wan, Lei Li, Heping Niu, Xiaoli Ma, Jing Yang, Chen Yuan, Guichen Mu, Jun Zhang
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of hypertonic saline solution (C-HSS) with high dose furosemide on hospitalization time, readmission, and mortality in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure.Decompensated heart failure patients (NYHA III) with chronic ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy and ejection fraction < 40% were divided into 2 groups in an open-label random manner: the first group received a 1-hour intravenous infusion of furosemide (100 mg) plus compound C-HSS (100 mL) twice daily and underwent serious water restriction (500 mL/day); the second group received furosemide intravenous bolus (100 mg) twice a day and water restriction (500 mL/day), without C-HSS...
July 13, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699730/flexible-slippery-surface-to-manipulate-droplet-coalescence-and-sliding-and-its-practicability-in-wind-resistant-water-collection
#13
Yuanfeng Wang, Baitai Qian, Chuilin Lai, Xiaowen Wang, Kaikai Ma, Yujuan Guo, Xingli Zhu, Bin Fei, John H Xin
A flexible slippery membrane (FSM) with tunable morphology and high elastic deformability has been developed by infusing perfluoropolyether (PFPE) into a fluorinated-copolymer-modified thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) nanofiberous membrane. To immobilize PFPE in TPU matrix, we synthesized a fluorinated-copolymer poly(DFMA-co-IBOA-co-LMA) with low surface energy, high chemical affinity to PFPE, adequate flexibility, and strong physical adhesion on TPU. Upon external tensile stress, the as-prepared FSM can realize a real-time manipulation of water sliding and coalescence on it...
July 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699548/when-communities-are-really-in-control-ethical-issues-surrounding-community-mobilisation-for-dengue-prevention-in-mexico-and-nicaragua
#14
REVIEW
Robert J Ledogar, Carlos Hernández-Alvarez, Amy C Morrison, Jorge Arosteguí, Arcadio Morales-Perez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Dawn Caldwell, Josefina Coloma, Eva Harris, Neil Andersson
We discuss two ethical issues raised by Camino Verde, a 2011-2012 cluster-randomised controlled trial in Mexico and Nicaragua, that reduced dengue risk though community mobilisation. The issues arise from the approach adopted by the intervention, one called Socialisation of Evidence for Participatory Action. Community volunteer teams informed householders of evidence about dengue, its costs and the life-cycle of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, while showing them the mosquito larvae in their own water receptacles, without prescribing solutions...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696051/unexpected-acute-renal-injury-after-high-dose-etoposide-phosphate-and-total-body-irradiation-in-children-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
C Cordero, C Loboda, I Clerc-Urmès, L Clément, C Pochon, P Chastagner
High-dose etoposide phosphate, a water-soluble prodrug of etoposide, may be used after total body irradiation (TBI) in pediatric allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for lymphoblastic leukemia. In a retrospective study of 21 children treated at the Nancy University Hospital (2000-2014), we identified unprecedentedly an unexpectedly high incidence (57%) of acute renal injury following etoposide phosphate infusion. Patients who developed renal function impairment experienced more severe mucositis but had outcomes similar to those who did not...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690600/differential-growth-of-francisella-tularensis-which-alters-expression-of-virulence-factors-dominant-antigens-and-surface-carbohydrate-synthases-governs-the-apparent-virulence-of-ft-schus4-to-immunized-animals
#16
Kristen M Holland, Sarah J Rosa, Kolbrun Kristjansdottir, Donald Wolfgeher, Brian J Franz, Tiffany M Zarrella, Sudeep Kumar, Raju Sunagar, Anju Singh, Chandra S Bakshi, Prachi Namjoshi, Eileen M Barry, Timothy J Sellati, Stephen J Kron, Edmund J Gosselin, Douglas S Reed, Karsten R O Hazlett
The gram-negative bacterium Francisella tularensis (Ft) is both a potential biological weapon and a naturally occurring microbe that survives in arthropods, fresh water amoeba, and mammals with distinct phenotypes in various environments. Previously, we used a number of measurements to characterize Ft grown in Brain-Heart Infusion (BHI) broth as (1) more similar to infection-derived bacteria, and (2) slightly more virulent in naïve animals, compared to Ft grown in Mueller Hinton Broth (MHB). In these studies we observed that the free amino acids in MHB repress expression of select Ft virulence factors by an unknown mechanism...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690287/stroke-volume-variation-svv-and-pulse-pressure-variation-ppv-as-indicators-of-fluid-responsiveness-in-sevoflurane-anesthetized-mechanically-ventilated-euvolemic-dogs
#17
Yusuke Endo, Jun Tamura, Tomohito Ishizuka, Takaharu Itami, Kiwamu Hanazono, Kenjiro Miyoshi, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita, William W Muir
Changes in stroke volume variation (SVV) and pulse pressure variation (PPV) in response to fluid infusion were experimentally evaluated during vecuronium infusion and sevoflurane anesthesia in 5 adult, mechanically ventilated, euvolemic, beagle dogs. Sequential increases in central venous pressure (CVP; 3-7[baseline], 8-12, 13-17, 18-22 and 23-27 mmHg) were produced by infusing lactated Ringer's solution and 6% hydroxyethyl starch solution. Heart rate (beats/min), right atrial pressure (RAP, mmHg), pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP, mmHg), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP, mmHg), transpulmonary thermodilution cardiac output (TPTDCO, L/min), stroke volume (SV, ml/beat), arterial blood pressure (ABP, mmHg), extravascular lung water (EVLW, ml), pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI, calculated), SVV (%), PPV (%) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR, dynes/sec/cm(5)) were determined at each predetermined CVP range...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689036/enhanced-vasculotoxic-metal-excretion-in-post-myocardial-infarction-patients-following-a-single-edetate-disodium-based-infusion
#18
Ivan A Arenas, Ana Navas-Acien, Ian Ergui, Gervasio A Lamas
Toxic metals have been associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. We have hypothesized that enhanced excretion of vasculotoxic metals might explain the positive results of the Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single infusion of the edetate disodium- based infusion used in TACT led to enhanced excretion of toxic metals known to be associated with cardiovascular events. METHODS: Twenty six patients (post-MI, age > 50 years, serum creatinine ≤ 2...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687555/visual-compatibility-of-colistin-injection-with-other-antibiotics-during-simulated-y-site-administration
#19
Wasan Katip
PURPOSE: The compatibility of colistin with other antibiotics at concentrations commonly used in intensive care units was studied. METHODS: A vial of colistin was dissolved in sterile water for injection. The reconstituted solution (colistin base 75 mg/mL) was then diluted in 0.9% sodium chloride injection in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) infusion bag to give a total volume of 100 mL (colistin 1.5 mg/mL). Secondary drugs, including cefoperazone-sulbactam, ceftazidime, ertapenem, fosfomycin, imipenem-cilastatin, linezolid, meropenem, piperacillin-tazobactam, and vancomycin, were reconstituted if necessary and then diluted in 0...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687552/hyponatremia-induced-by-hyperinsulinemia-euglycemia-therapy
#20
Jennifer R Beavers, Joanna L Stollings, Todd W Rice
PURPOSE: A case of symptomatic hyponatremia induced by hyperinsulinemia-euglycemia (HIE) therapy is reported. SUMMARY: A 59-year-old, 81.65-kg woman with hypertension, major depressive disorder, and anxiety arrived at a tertiary medical center 1.5 hours after an intentional overdose of oral amlodipine 200 mg, metoprolol tartrate 2,000 mg, and isosorbide mononitrate 1,200 mg. Upon arrival, her pulse was 63 beats/min and blood pressure was 106/56 mm Hg. The patient's blood pressure was refractory to fluids, calcium gluconate, and norepinephrine, resulting in initiation of HIE therapy...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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