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Marie C Iliou, Bénédicte Vergès-Patois, Bruno Pavy, Anais Charles-Nelson, Catherine Monpère, Rudy Richard, Jean C Verdier
Background Exercise training as part of a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation is recommended for patients with cardiac heart failure. It is a valuable method for the improvement of exercise tolerance. Some studies reported a similar improvement with quadricipital electrical myostimulation, but the effect of combined exercise training and electrical myostimulation in cardiac heart failure has not been yet evaluated in a large prospective multicentre study. Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of low frequency electrical myostimulation to exercise training may improve exercise capacity and/or muscular strength in cardiac heart failure patients...
August 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Viktoras Silinskas, Albinas GrŪnovas, Jurate Stanislovaitiene, Alfonsas Buliuolis, Eugenijus Trinkunas, Jonas Poderys
Electrical myostimulation (EMS) method is applied to improve skeletal muscle function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of EMS applied to the sole and calf muscles on their strength and on maximal sprint performance. Each of 10 training sessions involved 10 seconds of stimulation and 50 seconds of rest for a total of 10 minutes. After the 10 training sessions, the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of right calf muscles increased by 6.0% from 830.0 ± 47.0 N to 878.0 ± 45.3 N (p ≤ 0.05)...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Viktoras Silinskas, Albinas Grūnovas, Jurate Stanislovaitiene, Alfonsas Buliuolis, Eugenijus Trinkunas, Jonas Poderys
Electrical myostimulation (EMS) method is applied to improve skeletal muscle function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of EMS applied to the sole and calf muscles on their strength and on maximal sprint performance. Each of 10 training sessions involved 10 s of stimulation and 50 s of rest for a total of 10 min. After the 10 training sessions, the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of right calf muscles increased by 6.0% from 830.0 ± 47.0 N to 878.0 ± 45.3 N (P < 0.05). When EMS was applied to trained athletes, their 10-m sprint performance improved by 2...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Sergey V Minaev, Igor V Kirgizov, Aleksander Gladkyy, Ilya Shishkin, Igor Gerasimenko
BACKGROUND: Operative correction of anorectal malformations (ARMs) remains a challenge in pediatric surgery. The study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic treatment of ARM in children. METHODS: From 2007 to 2014, we performed 104 laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through procedures in children with a mean age of 11.3 ± 0.4 months and ARMs. Clinical assessment, surgical durations, complications, and postoperative outcome were investigated. RESULTS: The mean duration of the operation was 126...
February 2017: World Journal of Surgery
A A Khadartsev, N A Fudin, S V Moskvin
This scientific review highlights peculiarities of the delivery of laser radiation to the tissues of the athlete's body by means of laser electrophoresis of biologically active substances and the possibilities for electrolaser myostimulation. The main features of electrical myostimulation based on the application of laser-generated radiation are described. The authors emphasize the necessity of taking into account the neurophysiological dependence of active and passive contractile muscular activity during training...
March 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Arthur Peyrard, Paul Sawh, Selina Fan, John Temesi, Guillaume Y Millet
INTRODUCTION: Knowing electro-myostimulation (EMS) will be delivered during a maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) has been demonstrated to limit maximal force production in the knee extensors. Many recent studies instead deliver peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) during MVCs to assess neuromuscular function. This study investigated the effects of EMS, PNS and TMS on maximal voluntary force production and muscle activation in the knee extensors...
August 15, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
E A Melnikova
In this article, the results of the authors' research, including analysis of the clinical and instrumental data concerning 203 patients with, stroke are presented. It is shown that the clinical effectiveness of the transcranial methods incorporated in the combined rehabilitation programs depends on the type of stroke and localization of the lesions. Specifically, the patients presenting with ischemic stroke of hemispheric localization experienced a neurophysiologically confirmed significant clinical improvement that became apparent after the consistent application of transcranial magnetic therapy and micropolarization...
September 2015: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
V I Goremykin, D A Usanov, A P Rytik, E E Prosova
The article presents results of electrophysiological study of the function of the ureter in the frequency range of 0.6-35 Hz, conducted in 100 children aged 5 to 13 years with chronic pyelonephritis. Data of 35 healthy people were used as a control. It was shown that the features of ureter contractions were significantly different in the two groups. Marked decrease of amplitudes of signal harmonics was found at a frequency of 1.4 Hz in patients with pyelonephritis compared to controls. Myostimulation in pyelonephritis group has led to an approximation of harmonic amplitudes to the values of the control group...
May 2015: Urologii︠a︡
A Szabó, H Fébel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2005: Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Frank van Buuren, Dieter Horstkotte, Klaus Peter Mellwig, Andreas Fründ, Marios Vlachojannis, Nicola Bogunovic, Zisis Dimitriadis, Jürgen Vortherms, Reed Humphrey, Josef Niebauer
AIMS: In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exercise training is recommended to improve glycemic control. Electrical myostimulation (EMS) of skeletal muscles is a new method to increase exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of EMS in T2DM on glucose metabolism, body composition, and exercise performance using a newly designed stimulation suit that involves trunk, leg, and arm muscles. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifteen individuals (nine males; 61...
June 2015: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
F van Buuren, K P Mellwig, A Fründ, N Bogunovic, O Oldenburg, T Kottmann, O Wagner, J B Dahm, D Horstkotte, D Fritzsche
AIM OF THE STUDY: Regular physical activity has found to be a strategy to increase exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Next to endurance training also electromyostimulation (EMS) of thigh and gluteal muscles results in an increased capacity in CHF patients. EMS therapy was either done by stimulating 8 major muscle groups involving also trunk and arm muscles (extended electromyostimulation (exEMS)) in comparison to EMS therapy limited to gluteal and leg muscles (limEMS)...
October 2014: Die Rehabilitation
K V Lobastov, N A Barmotin, V E Barinov, V N Obolenskiĭ, S A Asratian, L A Laberko, V V Boiarintsev
The present clinical and experimental study was carried out in order to evaluate efficacy of electrical stimulation of the crural muscles with the purpose of preventing postoperative venous thromboembolic complications. At the first stage by means of ultrasonographic angioscanning in apparently healthy volunteers (n=21) we evaluated the linear velocity of blood flow on the popliteal vein on the background of using myostimulation and compression bandage with various levels of pressure applied either separately or in a combination with each other...
2013: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Frank van Buuren, Klaus Peter Mellwig, Christian Prinz, Britta Körber, Andreas Fründ, Dirk Fritzsche, Lothar Faber, Tanja Kottmann, Nicola Bogunovic, Johannes Dahm, Dieter Horstkotte
AIMS: Electromyostimulation (EMS) of thigh and gluteal muscles is a strategy to increase exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The aim of this non-randomised pilot study was to investigate the effects of different stimulation strategies in CHF patients using a newly developed stimulation suit also involving trunk and arm muscles [extended electromyostimulation (exEMS)] in comparison with EMS therapy limited to gluteal and leg muscles (limEMS). METHODS: 60 individuals joined the EMS training programme...
July 2013: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
August Heidland, Gholamreza Fazeli, André Klassen, Katarina Sebekova, Hans Hennemann, Udo Bahner, Biagio Di Iorio
Application of electricity for pain treatment dates back to thousands of years BC. The Ancient Egyptians and later the Greeks and Romans recognized that electrical fishes are capable of generating electric shocks for relief of pain. In the 18th and 19th centuries these natural producers of electricity were replaced by man-made electrical devices. This happened in following phases. The first was the application of static electrical currents (called Franklinism), which was produced by a friction generator. Christian Kratzenstein was the first to apply it medically, followed shortly by Benjamin Franklin...
January 2013: Clinical Nephrology
André B Konan, Augustin K Amonkan, Marie-Louise B Ahui, Guy-Marcel K Bouafou, Léandre K Kouakou, Fidèle Z Kpahé, Jacques Y Datté
This study was carried to examine the effects of the aqueous leaf extract of Sesamum radiatum, a laxative plant on the contractile activity of Taenia caeci, an intestinal smooth muscle. Strips of Taenia caeci were rapidly removed from guinea-pig and were suspended between two L-shaped stainless steel hooks in a 10 ml organ bath with Mac Ewen solution. The isometric contractile force of the Taenia caeci strips were recorded by using a strain gauge. S. radiatum aqueous leaf extract (ESera) is a spasmogenic substance...
2011: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Alfredo Arija-Blázquez, Silvia Ceruelo-Abajo, María S Díaz-Merino, Juan Antonio Godino-Durán, Luís Martínez-Dhier, José Florensa-Vila
The objective of the present repeat-measures study was to determine whether plasma serum levels of testosterone, cortisol, osteocalcin or type I collagen C-telopeptide (CT) are acutely affected following an electro-myostimulation (EMS) bout, and their relation to bone mineral density and muscle mass. Ten men with recent (8 weeks) thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI) (ASIA A) and 10 age-matched able-bodied (AB) men performed one EMS bout on the quadriceps femoris muscle. Blood samples were drawn at basal condition, immediately after EMS, and 15 min, 30 min, 24 h and 48 h post-EMS...
January 2013: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Raimundas Kibiša, Albinas Grūnovas, Jonas Poderys, Danguolė Grūnovienė
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of applying mild electrical myostimulation (EMS) or passive rest (PR) on restoring the work capacity (WC) of the skeletal muscles in athletes. Nineteen long-distance runners participated in the study. They were divided into 2 groups according to the principle of rotation: a PR (control) and an EMS (experimental) group. They were examined before training and 10 minutes, 4 hours, and 18 hours after training. Muscle motor function was measured as the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and WC...
February 2013: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
G A Khairetdinova, Yu N Fedulaev, V V Ar'kov, S S Pertsov, O N Andreyeva
Against the background of 10 procedures of electric stimulation of the quadriceps muscle of the thigh performed in 72 athletes we observed a significant increase in volume parameters of the left-ventricular systolic function and increase in diastolic function in a group of athletes during the recovery period. Significant increase in endothelium-dependent values was noted in both groups during electric myostimulation; it directly correlated with all metric and integral echocardiography parameters in main group...
March 2011: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
F L Riccillo, J R Ronderos
Allatotropin (AT) is a neuropeptide originally isolated from the brain of Manduca sexta and then characterized in several insect species. It acts as a neurohormone, as well as a neuromodulator. While it was primarily characterized on the basis of its ability to stimulate the secretion of juvenile hormones, it was also found that it acts as a cardioaccelerator and myostimulator. The presence of AT in IV instar larvae of T. infestans was previously described at the level of the Malpighian tubules. In the present study we report the presence of the peptide at the level of the brain, retrocerebral complex, as well as in the anterior midgut and aorta...
December 2010: Tissue & Cell
A I Fedin, D Iu Tikhonova, I A Solopova, A A Grishin, A I Alekhin
The purpose of our study was the investigation of effectiveness of restoration of lost motor functions in acute period of stroke with the help of software/hardware complex "Vertical". This complex includes a functional bed-trainer for leg movements with phase-dependent functional electrical myostimulation (FES). Fifty-five subjects (mean age 64 +/-1.5 years) were assigned randomly to two groups receiving standard rehabilitation (a control group--27 subjects) and standard rehabilitation combined with the treatment by the "Vertical" complex (FES group--28 subjects)...
2009: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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