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T Didbaridze, L Saginashvili, L Akhmeteli, B Iremashvili, N Gogokhia
This study provides a contemporary epidemiology of aspirates taken during surgery from the abdominal cavity among patients with bacterial peritonitis to identify the isolates and study their sensitivity to antibiotics. Our bacteriology investigations included isolation of poor cultures, and detection of microbes was conducted using a rapid identification system (API20E, API Staph, API Strep, API Ana, BioMerieux). Rapid tests for detection of oxidase and catalase activity were also used. Susceptibility of microorganisms to antibiotics was defined by the disc-diffusion method using standard discs (EUCAST guidelines 2015) according to Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) protocols (ATB strips: ATB G, ATB Staph, ATBANA, ATBPse, ATBStrep...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
B D Enger, R R White, S C Nickerson, L K Fox
Two meta-analyses were conducted using data from peer-reviewed natural exposure (NE) and experimental challenge (EC) teat dip efficacy trials to identify factors influencing the new intramammary infection (IMI) rate. A NE data set containing 16 studies and an EC data set containing 21 studies were created. New IMI rate was calculated based on the percentage of new quarter infections per month (PNQI/mo) for each observation, in both data sets, and used as the dependent variable for model derivation. A linear, mixed-effects model with a random study effect, weighted by number of quarters eligible for infection, was derived for each data set...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Nobuaki Mori, Sakiko Hosoo, Yoshitaka Oyamada, Yasushi Sera, Yasuhiro Yamada, Momoko Sugawara, Akiko Higuchi, Yasuko Aoki, Takashi Takahashi
Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus, GAS) infections can develop into life-threatening disorders. However, the occurrence of some GAS pneumonia cases is relatively rare in a local community. We report here characteristics of mucoid GAS isolates obtained from the sputum of two patients with pneumonia in a local community. Although case-patients did not have contact with each other, case-patient 1's child and case-patient 2's grandchild attended the same kindergarten where a GAS pharyngitis epidemic had occurred...
2016: IDCases
Serap Süzük, Banu Kaşkatepe, Mustafa Çetin
The viridans group Streptococci (VGS) are most abundant in the mouth; in some instances they might emerge as pathogens particularly in infective endocarditis (IE). In this study, we aimed to define and determine the susceptibility against antibiotics of VGS that are members of the oral microbiota of patients exhibiting a risk of developing IE. Forty-nine patients at risk of infective endocarditis were included in the study. Identification of the bacteria was performed using API STREP (bioMérieux, France). Gradient test strips (E-Test, France) were used to determine MIC of the bacteria against penicillin, ampicillin, and vancomycin...
September 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Mona Wassef, Doaa Ghaith, Rana M A Abdella, Mohamed Kamel
BACKGROUND: Prenatal screening for group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization can reduce the incidence of neonatal GBS infections. We aimed to improve the screening-based approach of GBS in a limited resources antenatal care clinic by using Strep B Granada™ Biphasic Broth. METHODS: This study included 80 pregnant women between 35 and 37 weeks of gestation, who attended the antenatal care clinic of Kasr El-Aini University Hospital from November 2013 to January 2014...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Edson Yukio Komiyama, Laura Soares Souto Lepesqueur, Cinthia Gomes Yassuda, Lakshman P Samaranayake, Nipuna B Parahitiyawa, Ivan Balducci, Cristiane Yumi Koga-Ito
Enterococci are considered as transient constituent components of the oral microbiome that may cause a variety of oral and systemic infections. As there is sparse data on the oral enterococcal prevalence, we evaluated the Enterococcus spp. and their virulence attributes including antimicrobial resistance in a healthy Brazilian cohort. A total of 240 individuals in different age groups were studied (children 4-11 yrs, adolescents 12-17 yrs, young adults 18-29 yrs, adults 30-59 yrs, elderly over 60 yrs). Oral rinses were collected and isolates were identified by API 20 Strep and confirmed by 16S rDNA sequencing...
2016: PloS One
Adeyemi O Adedeji, Hilary Lazarus
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) helicase is a superfamily 1 helicase containing seven conserved motifs. We have cloned, expressed, and purified a Strep-fused recombinant MERS-CoV nonstructural protein 13 (M-nsp13) helicase. Characterization of its biochemical properties showed that it unwound DNA and RNA similarly to severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV nsp13 (S-nsp13) helicase. We showed that M-nsp13 unwound in a 5'-to-3' direction and efficiently unwound the partially duplex RNA substrates with a long loading strand relative to those of the RNA substrates with a short or no loading strand...
September 2016: MSphere
Shelley Cobbett, Erna Snelgrove-Clarke
BACKGROUND: Clinical simulations can provide students with realistic clinical learning environments to increase their knowledge, self-confidence, and decrease their anxiety prior to entering clinical practice settings. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two maternal newborn clinical simulation scenarios; virtual clinical simulation and face-to-face high fidelity manikin simulation. DESIGN: Randomized pretest-posttest design. SETTING: A public research university in Canada...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
Kumara V Nibhanipudi
Objective. A study to determine if addition of palatal petechiae to Centor criteria adds more value for clinical diagnosis of acute strep pharyngitis in children. Hypothesis. In children, Centor Criteria does not cover all the symptoms and signs of acute strep pharyngitis. We hypothesize that addition of palatal petechiae to Centor Criteria will increase the possibility of clinical diagnosis of group A streptococcal pharyngitis in children. Methods. One hundred patients with a complaint of sore throat were enrolled in the study...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
R M Torrente-Rodríguez, S Campuzano, V Ruiz-Valdepeñas Montiel, J J Montoya, J M Pingarrón
A novel electrochemical approach for determination of miRNAs involving a sandwich hybridization assay onto streptavidin-magnetic beads (Strep-MBs), hybridization chain reaction (HCR) amplification and amperometric detection at disposable screen-printed carbon electrodes is reported. Using miRNA-21 as the target analyte, a dynamic linear range from 0.2 to 5.0nM with a 60pM (1.5fmol in 25μL) detection limit was obtained. The achieved sensitivity is 24-fold higher than a non-HCR amplification approach involving conventional sandwich type assay onto MBs...
December 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: American Family Physician
S Huang, Z W Ai, X M Sun, G F Liu, S Zhai, M Zhang, H Chen, Z Feng
AIMS: The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of arginine on the growth, arginine metabolism and amino acid consumption profiles of Streptococcus thermophilus T1C2. METHODS AND RESULTS: The growth kinetics, intracellular pH, extracellular osmotic pressure, expression of key genes in the arginine metabolism pathway and amino acid consumption profiles were analysed in chemically defined medium with different initial arginine concentrations. The results showed that arginine stimulated the growth of Strep...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Jérémie F Cohen, Nathalie Bertille, Robert Cohen, Martin Chalumeau
BACKGROUND: Group A streptococcus (GAS) accounts for 20% to 40% of cases of pharyngitis in children; the remaining cases are caused by viruses. Compared with throat culture, rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) offer diagnosis at the point of care (within five to 10 minutes). OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of RADTs for diagnosing GAS in children with pharyngitis. To assess the relative diagnostic accuracy of the two major types of RADTs (enzyme immunoassays (EIA) and optical immunoassays (OIA)) by indirect and direct comparison...
July 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Dean Follmann, Chiung-Yu Huang, Erin Gabriel
Unmeasured confounding is the fundamental obstacle to drawing causal conclusions about the impact of an intervention from observational data. Typically, covariates are measured to eliminate or ameliorate confounding, but they may be insufficient or unavailable. In the special setting where a transient intervention or exposure varies over time within each individual and confounding is time constant, a different tack is possible. The key idea is to condition on either the overall outcome or the proportion of time in the intervention...
June 16, 2016: Statistics in Medicine
Stephan Brouwer, Timothy C Barnett, Tania Rivera Hernandez, Manfred Rohde, Mark J Walker
Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus, GAS) is a human-adapted pathogen responsible for a wide spectrum of disease. GAS can cause relatively mild illnesses such as strep throat or impetigo, and less frequent but severe life-threatening diseases such as necrotizing fasciitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. GAS is an important public health problem causing significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The main route of GAS transmission between humans is through close or direct physical contact, and particularly via respiratory droplets...
June 17, 2016: FEBS Letters
Regina Wald, Martina Baumgartner, Verena Urbantke, Thomas Wittek, Beatrix Stessl
This case report describes the isolation and differentiation of Weissella (W.) spp. from the milk of two cows (A and B) with clinical mastitis (milk changes, asymmetry of the udder and increased somatic cell counts). Quarter milk samples obtained from two dairy cows of different farms had been submitted to the diagnostic laboratory of the Clinic for Ruminants in Vienna for bacteriological examination. Alpha-hemolytic catalase-negative gram-positive cocci in pure culture on Columbia blood agar were isolated and could not be assigned to a Lancefield group...
June 8, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Charlotte Lässig, Karl-Peter Hopfner
RIG-I-like receptors detect cytosolic viral RNA and activate an antiviral innate immune response. A new study employs the one STrEP-purification technique and next generation sequencing to characterize physiological ligands in an infected cell. The view of all three RLRs bound to viral RNAs shows specialization, collaboration and new binding sites.
July 2016: Trends in Microbiology
Feng Xian, Jin Zi, Quanhui Wang, Xiaomin Lou, Haidan Sun, Liang Lin, Guixue Hou, Weiqiao Rao, Changcheng Yin, Lin Wu, Shuwei Li, Siqi Liu
Because of its specificity and sensitivity, targeted proteomics using mass spectrometry for multiple reaction monitoring is a powerful tool to detect and quantify pre-selected peptides from a complex background and facilitates the absolute quantification of peptides using isotope-labeled forms as internal standards. How to generate isotope-labeled peptides remains an urgent challenge for accurately quantitative targeted proteomics on a large scale. Herein, we propose that isotope-labeled peptides fused with a quantitative tag could be synthesized through an expression system in vitro, and the homemade peptides could be enriched by magnetic beads with tag-affinity and globally quantified based on the corresponding multiple reaction monitoring signals provided by the fused tag...
August 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Jiufeng Sun, Wei Fang, Bixia Ke, Dongmei He, Yuheng Liang, Dan Ning, Hailing Tan, Hualin Peng, Yunxin Wang, Yazhou Ma, Changwen Ke, Xiaoling Deng
We report on inapparent infections in adult/commercial tilapia in major tilapia fish farms in Guangdong. A total of 146 suspected isolates were confirmed to be S. agalactiae using an API 20 Strep system and specific PCR amplification. All isolates were identified as serotype Ia using multiplex serotyping PCR. An MLST assay showed single alleles of adhP (10), atr (2), glcK (2), glnA (1), pheS (1), sdhA (3) and tkt (2), and this profile was designated 'unique ST 7'. The analysis of virulence genes resulted in 10 clusters, of which dltr-bca-sodA-spb1-cfb-bac (62, 42...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sathya N Thulasi Raman, Yan Zhou
Pigs are an important host of influenza A viruses due to their ability to generate reassortant viruses with pandemic potential. NS1 protein of influenza A viruses is a key virulence factor and a major antagonist of innate immune responses. It is also involved in enhancing viral mRNA translation and regulation of virus replication. Being a protein with pleiotropic functions, NS1 has a variety of cellular interaction partners. Hence, studies on swine influenza viruses (SIV) and identification of swine influenza NS1-interacting host proteins is of great interest...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
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