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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424733/combined-implant-and-tooth-support-an-up-to-date-comprehensive-overview
#1
REVIEW
Mahmoud K Al-Omiri, Maher Al-Masri, Mohannad M Alhijawi, Edward Lynch
Objectives. This article presents a review on the concerned topics and some considerations related to the concept of splinting teeth and implants in the rehabilitation of partial edentulism. Study Selection. An electronic PubMed/MEDLINE and manual search of identified articles and reviews as well as clinical, laboratory, and finite element studies was performed in this project. Due to the shortage in within-subject, long term, randomized, controlled clinical trials regarding the subject a meta-analysis was not possible...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422594/intentional-replantation-of-an-immature-incisor-with-a-transverse-root-fracture-and-endo-perio-condition-4-year-follow-up
#2
Atsushi Oishi
This case report describes the importance of continual examination for dental trauma and the efficacy of intentional replantation with retrograde root canal filling for a transverse root fracture in an immature incisor accompanied by subsequent periodontal-endodontic disease. In the treatment of traumatically fractured roots in immature incisors, continual examination is indispensable for the final diagnosis because roots in immature teeth are less calcified, resulting in less detailed radiological examinations...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422345/therapeutic-efficacy-of-twin-block-and-fixed-oral-appliances-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#3
George Umemoto, Hideo Toyoshima, Yuji Yamaguchi, Naoko Aoyagi, Chikara Yoshimura, Kouta Funakoshi
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of twin-block (i.e., allows mouth opening) and fixed (i.e., maintains mouth closure) mandibular advancement splints (MASs) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2013, 23 patients with OSA in the twin-block group, and from 2013 to 2015, 29 patients in the fixed MAS group were included. All patients underwent polysomnography before and after 3 months of treatment. The two sets of polysomnographic and cephalometric variables were compared...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420542/improving-prehospital-trauma-care-in-rwanda-through-continuous-quality-improvement-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#4
John W Scott, Jeanne D'Arc Nyinawankusi, Samuel Enumah, Rebecca Maine, Eric Uwitonze, Yihan Hu, Ignace Kabagema, Jean Claude Byiringiro, Robert Riviello, Sudha Jayaraman
INTRODUCTION: Injury is a major cause of premature death and disability in East Africa, and high-quality pre-hospital care is essential for optimal trauma outcomes. The Rwandan pre-hospital emergency care service (SAMU) uses an electronic database to evaluate and optimize pre-hospital care through a continuous quality improvement programme (CQIP), beginning March 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SAMU database was used to assess pre-hospital quality metrics including supplementary oxygen for hypoxia (O2), intravenous fluids for hypotension (IVF), cervical collar placement for head injuries (c-collar), and either splinting (splint) or administration of pain medications (pain) for long bone fractures...
April 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420488/mandibular-step-osteotomy-using-cad-cam-derived-surgical-splint-case-report
#5
J W Huh, Y B Lee, Y S Jung, H D Jung
Mandibular step osteotomy is a useful technique for large mandibular setbacks. We report a case of a patient who had a mandibular step osteotomy using a CAD/CAM-derived wafer for mandibular setback with reduction of the arch.
April 15, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419843/a-review-of-in-office-dynamic-image-navigation-for-extraction-of-complex-mandibular-third-molars
#6
Robert W Emery, Oxana Korj, Ravi Agarwal
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective review of in-office removal of complex mandibular third molars with a dynamic image navigation system (DINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of cases completed from 2010 to 2014 by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The average age of the patients was 47 years (range, 27 to 72 years). Extraction complexity was classified with Juodzbalys and Daugela's classification system. The included study cases had complexity scores of 9 or greater...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407779/histologic-effects-of-mandibular-protrusion-splints-in-antigen-induced-tmj-arthritis-in-rabbits
#7
Julia von Bremen, Kernt Köhler, Krystyna Siudak, Daniel Zahner, Sabine Ruf
BACKGROUND: Although it is common clinical practice to treat children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) with functional appliances, the scientific evidence for this is limited. The aim of this study was to study the histologic effects of mandibular protrusion splints in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthritis in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty-eight ten-week old New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: AO (TMJ arthritis, no splint), AS (TMJ arthritis, mandibular splint advancement), OS (no arthritis, mandibular splint advancement) and OO (no arthritis, no splint)...
April 13, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405732/determination-of-forces-on-a-split-palatal-screw-after-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#8
Valentin Javier García, Rubén López-Cancelos, Antonio Riveiro, Rafael Comesaña, Josep Maria Ustrell I Torrent, Khaled Kasem, Aida Badaoui, Mª Cristina Manzanares-Céspedes, Patricia Carvalho-Lobato
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to develop a finite element model of the forces that patients with rapid maxillary expansion bear and to validate it by a mechanical test. METHODS: Computer-aided design models of the metallic screw and polymeric splint were modelled and discretized. Two forces were generated and considered independently: F1 at the temporary molar (2.5 N) and F2 at the permanent molar (2.5 N). The results of the finite element analysis were used to define the strain values which the anterior and posterior arms of the rapid maxillary expansion appliance bore as a linear function of F1-F2 by calculating the strain-force coefficient δ ij ...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400724/influence-of-cervical-spine-mobility-on-the-focal-and-postural-components-of-the-sit-to-stand-task
#9
Alain Hamaoui, Caroline Alamini-Rodrigues
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of cervical spine mobility on the focal and postural components of the sit-to-stand transition, which represent the preparatory and execution phases of the task, respectively. Sixteen asymptomatic female participants (22 ± 3 years, 163 ± 0,06 cm, 57,5 ± 5 kg), free of any neurological or musculoskeletal disorders, performed six trials of the sit-to-stand task at maximum speed, in four experimental conditions varying the mobility of the cervical spine by means of three different splints...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399616/orthodontic-surgical-treatment-and-respiratory-function-rhinomanometric-assessment
#10
Guido Galbiati, Cinzia Maspero, Lucia Giannini, Guia C Guenza, Federica Zanoni, Giampietro Farronato
BACKGROUND: Several correlations between morphological and/or positional alterations of the jaws and respiratory functional impairments have been reported. NAO (Nasal airway obstruction) represents a big deal with no clearly defined "gold- standard" in measurement. Rhinomanometry was adopted by multiple Authors to evaluate whether patients with malocclusion developed respiratory functional changes after an orthodontic-surgical treatment. However there are contrasting findings in literature regarding the possibility of improving respiratory function by means of SARPE or bimaxillary repositioning of the bony bases...
April 11, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393815/assessment-of-treatment-response-to-splint-therapy-and-evaluation-of-tmj-function-using-joint-vibration-analysis-in-patients-exhibiting-tmj-disc-displacement-with-reduction-a-clinical-study
#11
Jyoti Devi, Mahesh Verma, Rekha Gupta
Context, Aim, and Objectives: Diagnosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement with reduction (DDR) is difficult. Literature combining different subjective parameters of TMJ function with an objective evaluation of TMJ function using joint vibration analysis (JVA) is limited. Hence, the study was planned to diagnose temporomandibular disorder accurately, to do a subjective and objective evaluation of TMJ function, and to assess the effectiveness of different types of splint therapy over the conventional anterior repositioning appliance (ARA) group...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390758/alternative-distraction-osteogenesis-technique-after-implant-placement-for-alveolar-ridge-augmentation-of-the-maxilla
#12
Renato Luiz Maia Nogueira, Rafael Lima Verde Osterne, Ricardo Teixeira Abreu, Phelype Maia Araújo
An alternative technique to reconstruct atrophic alveolar vertical bone after implant placement is presented. The technique consists of distraction osteogenesis or direct surgical repositioning of an implant-and-bone block segment after segmental osteotomies that can be used in esthetic or unesthetic cases. Initially, casts indicating the implant position are obtained and the future ideal prosthetic position is determined to guide the model surgery. After the model surgery, a new provisional prosthesis is fabricated, and an occlusal splint, which is used as a surgical guide and a device for distraction osteogenesis, is custom fabricated...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385429/a-meta-analysis-of-retention-systems-for-implant-supported-prostheses-in-partially-edentulous-jaws
#13
REVIEW
Murali Ramamoorthi, Aparna Narvekar, Shahrokh Esfandiari
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Choosing an appropriate retention system for patients with partial edentulism and dental implants is impeded by a paucity of evidence. The available evidence is extrapolated from either completely edentulous or mixed study populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the effects of different retention systems used for implant-supported prostheses in patients with partially edentulous jaws by measuring the rates of failure, survival, and event-free situations...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385103/effect-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-masticatory-performance-and-muscle-activity-in-skeletal-class-iii-patients
#14
Deniz Celakil, Fulya Ozdemir, Feyza Eraydin, Tamer Celakil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of double jaw orthognathic surgery (OGS) on masticatory performance and electromyographic activity of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles in skeletal Class III patients. METHODS: Individuals were instructed to chew standardized round tablets of silicone impression material. The cumulative weight percentage was calculated using sieve analysis. The bilateral surface electromyographic activity of the muscles was evaluated. Following the orthodontic treatment, a stabilization splint was fabricated...
April 7, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383417/short-double-elastic-nailing-of-severely-displaced-distal-pediatric-radial-fractures-a-new-method-for-stable-fixation
#15
Marcell Varga, Gergő Józsa, Balázs Fadgyas, Tamás Kassai, Antal Renner
RATIONALE: Short double elastic nailing is a minimal invasive, modified ESIN (elastic stable intramedullary nailing) technique for severely displaced distal radial fracture in children. The aim of this technical report is to introduce our new method and evaluate the final results of the procedure. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reviewed retrospectively 24 patients who underwent short double elastic nailing due to distal radial fractures between November 2012 and December 2015...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383305/a-digital-image-correlation-analysis-of-strain-generated-by-3-unit-implant-supported-fixed-dental-prosthesis-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Raniel F Peixoto, Ana P Macedo, Janisse Martinelli, Adriana C Lapria Faria, Rodrigo Tiossi, Ricardo F Ribeiro, Maria da G C de Mattos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of different veneering materials (porcelain and resin) and implants (short and conventional) in the strain distribution of implant-supported splinted fixed partial dentures (FPDs) using digital image correlation (DIC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four polyurethane models were fabricated with resin replicas (first premolar) and short and/or conventional implants replacing the second premolar and first and second molars, according to the following configurations: G1, 2 conventional (second premolar and first molar) and 1 short (second molar) implant; G2, 1 conventional (second premolar) and 2 short (first and second molar) implants; G3, 3 short implants; G4, 3 conventional implants...
April 5, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368127/is-centric-relation-always-the-position-of-choice-for-tmds-case-report-of-how-tmd-and-airway-dimension-may-be-associated
#17
William E Harrell, Tim Tatum, Mike Koslin
Centric occlusion (CO) and centric relation (CR) have been controversial topics in dentistry for almost 100 years. The concept of CR emerged due to the search for a reproducible mandibular position that would enable the prosthodontic rehabilitation of patients needing denture treatment. The following case study is unique because of 2 questions. Which mandibular treatment splint position (CR or CO) was appropriate for the initial and eventual final treatment of this patient for her temporomandibular disorder/myofascial pain and dysfunction? Also, how might the mandibular position of CR and CO affect the size and shape of the airway? The airway's size and shape is important as it relates to sleep-disordered breathing and potentially leading to obstructive sleep apnea later in life...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368089/withdrawn-surgery-for-thumb-trapeziometacarpal-joint-osteoarthritis
#18
REVIEW
Anne Wajon, Toby Vinycomb, Emma Carr, Ian Edmunds, Louise Ada
BACKGROUND: Surgery is used to treat persistent pain and dysfunction at the base of the thumb when conservative management, such as splinting, or medical management, such as oral analgesics, is no longer adequate in reducing disability and pain. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different surgical techniques for trapeziometacarpal (thumb) osteoarthritis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following sources up to 08 August 2013: CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2013, Issue 8), MEDLINE (1950 to August 2013), EMBASE (1974 to August 2013), CINAHL (1982 to August 2013), Clinicaltrials...
April 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368070/-limb-fractures-in-32-small-ruminants-treatment-and-outcome
#19
Johann Kofler, Daniel Hochschwarzer, Kathrin Schieder, Adriana Osová, Britta Vidoni
OBJECTIVE: Retrospective evaluation of the records of 32 small ruminant patients that were treated for limb fractures between 2001 and 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records were analyzed regarding species, breed, and age of the animals, age, localization, and type of the fracture, the applied treatment method (conservative: using polyvinyl-chloride splints or casts; surgical: internal fixation techniques or limb amputation), and the final outcome. RESULTS: The 16 goats and 16 sheep (18 male, 14 female) had a mean age of 1...
April 3, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364350/-conservative-treatment-of-hallux-valgus-what-can-be-achieved-with-splints-and-insoles
#20
R A Fuhrmann, W Rippel, A Traub
In hallux valgus syndrome conservative measures can only be applied to relieve the symptoms. Insoles, orthoses, and toe alignment splints cannot improve forefoot deformity. However, symptoms due to increased local pressure can be alleviated with orthotic devices. After surgically realigning the hallux, splints are helpful to retain joint congruency and assure proper toe position during soft tissue healing.
March 31, 2017: Der Orthopäde
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