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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782417/prevalence-and-analysis-of-medical-device-related-pressure-injuries-results-from-the-international-pressure-ulcer-prevalence-survey
#1
Susan A Kayser, Catherine A VanGilder, Elizabeth A Ayello, Charlie Lachenbruch
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of medical device-related pressure injuries (MDR PIs) in a large, generalizable database. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of the 2016 International Pressure Ulcer Prevalence data. Data were limited to US and Canadian facilities. Facilities included acute care, long-term care, rehabilitation, long-term acute care hospitals, and hospice. Analysis included 102,865 adult patients; 99,876 had complete data and were the focus of the analysis and are reported in the results below...
June 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779838/continuing-to-work-with-a-sterile-thumb-splint-a-case-report
#2
S Roner, P Fürnstahl, A Schweizer, K Wieser
Nonoperative treatment of an injured ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint (skier's thumb without a Stener lesion) is managed by immobilization. A splint is applied on the radial side with the thumb in slight flexion to immobilize the MCP joint and allow motion in the interphalangeal joint. Thermoplastic splints are mainly used for daily activities with the advantage of custom fabrication for optimal comfort. To immobilize the thumb during surgical procedures performed by an orthopedic surgeon, splints made of sterilizable materials are needed but not yet available to our knowledge...
May 17, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776724/outcomes-of-splinting-in-pediatric-mallet-finger
#3
James S Lin, Julie Balch Samora
PURPOSE: Excessive flexion at the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint disrupts the extensor mechanism, leading to mallet finger injuries. The goal of management is to restore active DIP joint extension. We sought to learn which variables (treatment technique, injury type, time to presentation, adherence to treatment) affect clinical outcomes of pediatric mallet finger injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients who presented with mallet finger injuries during 2013 to 2017 at a large pediatric hospital...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773357/acute-transverse-myelitis-following-an-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome-an-unusual-presentation
#4
Thomas Simon, Emmanuel Cheuret, Léa Fiedler, Catherine Mengelle, Eloïse Baudou, Kumaran Deiva
Opso-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a very rare and severe condition. Ataxia, opsoclonus, myoclonus and/or behavioral and sleeping disturbances define that autoimmune disorder syndrome which is paraneoplastic or triggered by an infection. Here, we report a 3 year-old immunocompetent boy who developed an atypical OMS which was later complicated by an acute transverse myelitis. Screening for neuroblastoma was negative and extensive infectious screening revealed an active HHV-6 infection confirmed by blood and cerebrospinal fluid PCR...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770239/comparison-of-marginal-bone-loss-between-internal-and-external-connection-dental-implants-in-posterior-areas-without-periodontal-or-peri-implant-disease
#5
Dae-Hyun Kim, Hyun Ju Kim, Sungtae Kim, Ki-Tae Koo, Tae-Il Kim, Yang-Jo Seol, Yong-Moo Lee, Young Ku, In-Chul Rhyu
Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study with 4-12 years of follow-up was to compare the marginal bone loss (MBL) between external-connection (EC) and internal-connection (IC) dental implants in posterior areas without periodontal or peri-implant disease on the adjacent teeth or implants. Additional factors influencing MBL were also evaluated. Methods: This retrospective study was performed using dental records and radiographic data obtained from patients who had undergone dental implant treatment in the posterior area from March 2006 to March 2007...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766123/orthopaedic-traumatology-fundamental-principles-and-current-controversies-for-the-acute-care-surgeon
#6
REVIEW
Shad K Pharaon, Shawn Schoch, Lucas Marchand, Amer Mirza, John Mayberry
Multiply injured patients with fractures are co-managed by acute care surgeons and orthopaedic surgeons. In most centers, orthopaedic surgeons definitively manage fractures, but preliminary management, including washouts, splinting, reductions, and external fixations, may be performed by selected acute care surgeons. The acute care surgeon should have a working knowledge of orthopaedic terminology to communicate with colleagues effectively. They should have an understanding of the composition of bone, periosteum, and cartilage, and their reaction when there is an injury...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761853/-splinted-and-unsplinted-overdenture-attachment-systems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Rafaella S Leão, Sandra L D Moraes, Belmiro C E Vasconcelos, Cleidiel A A Lemos, Eduardo P Pellizzer
Splinted and unsplinted overdenture attachment systems have unique advantages and disadvantages. The aim of the present systematic review was to determine the influence of splinted and unsplinted overdenture attachment systems on the marginal bone loss, prosthetic complications, and implant survival rate. PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were searched for articles published up to October 2017, using the following search terms: "overdenture AND attachment OR overdenture AND bar OR overdenture splinted"...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761534/co-contraction-behavior-of-masticatory-and-neck-muscles-during-tooth-grinding
#8
Nikolaos Nikitas Giannakopoulos, Hans-Jürgen Schindler, Daniel Hellmann
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the co-contraction behavior of jaw and neck muscles during force-controlled experimental grinding in the supine position. METHODS: Twelve symptom-free subjects were enrolled in the experiment study. Electromyographic (EMG) activity of semispinalis capitis, splenius capitis, and levator scapulae muscles was recorded bilaterally with intramuscular fine-wire electrodes, whereas that of sternocleidomastoideus, infrahyoidal, suprahyoidal, masseter, and anterior temporalis muscles were registered with surface electrodes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755518/double-barrel-nasal-trumpets-to-prevent-upper-airway-obstruction-after-nasal-and-non-nasal-surgery
#9
Macario Camacho, Justin M Wei, Lauren K Reckley, Sungjin A Song
Objectives: During anesthesia emergence, patients are extubated and the upper airway can become vulnerable to obstruction. Nasal trumpets can help prevent obstruction. However, we have found no manuscript describing how to place nasal trumpets after nasal surgery (septoplasties or septorhinoplasties), likely because (1) the lack of space with nasal splints in place and (2) surgeons may fear that removing the trumpets could displace the splints. The objective of this manuscript is to describe how to place nasal trumpets even with nasal splints in place...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755171/long-term-resolution-of-severe-ankle-contractures-using-botulinum-toxin-serial-casting-splinting-and-motor-retraining
#10
Joan Leung, Katarina Stroud
Purpose: Serial casting for ankle contractures is traditionally performed in prone, a position that patients may not easily tolerate. Also, although serial casting is effective in correcting contracture, its effect dissipates quickly. This case report describes a procedure for performing casting for ankle contractures in a supine or sitting position. It also describes a process that enables the effect of serial casting to be maintained long term. Client Description: The client was an adult who had suffered traumatic brain injury and severe bilateral ankle contractures...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750629/relief-of-upper-airway-obstruction-using-a-cervical-splint-for-young-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
Hyoju Son, Soohyeon Kim, Jaeho Lee, Chungmin Kang, Seunghye Kim
13-year old boy with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy visited dental clinic with chief complaints of mouth breathing and malocclusion. His mouth was constantly open at the resting position, with his mandible and tongue displaced downward. He breathed through his mouth, making a constant gurgling sound, a sign of upper airway obstruction. To enhance his mandible position, vertical chin cap was first considered, but it was not sufficient to reduce the gurgling sound or ease breathing. Then, cervical splint was considered, which effectively decreased the gurgling sound by repositioning his mandible to the anterior-superior position...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745321/selected-applications-for-current-polymers-in-prosthetic-dentistry-state-of-the-art
#12
Maciej Kawala, Joanna Smardz, Lukasz Adamczyk, Natalia Grychowska, Mieszko Wieckiewicz
BACKGROUND: Polymers are widely applied in medicine, including dentistry, i.e. in prosthodontics. AIM: The following paper is aimed at demonstrating the applications of selected modern polymers in prosthetic dentistry based on the reported literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted using the PubMed, SCOPUS and CINAHL databases in relation to documents published during 1999-2017. The following keywords were used: polymers with: prosthetic dentistry, impression materials, denture base materials, bite registration materials, denture soft liners, occlusal splint materials and 3D printing...
May 10, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742243/amitriptyline-and-intraoral-devices-for-migraine-prevention-a-randomized-comparative-trial
#13
Marco A D Bruno, Abouch V Krymchantowski
OBJECTIVES: Nonpharmacological treatments, such as the Nociceptive Trigeminal Inhibition Tension Suppression System (NTI-tss), are approved for migraine prophylaxis. We aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the NTI-tss and to compare its efficacy with amitriptyline and with a sham intraoral device in the preventive treatment of migraine. METHODS: Consecutive patients with migraine were randomized to receive 25 mg of amitriptyline/day (n = 34), NTI-tss (n = 33) and a non-occlusal splint (n = 30)...
April 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739493/the-treatment-of-primary-arthritis-of-the-finger-and-thumb-joint
#14
Christian Karl Spies, Martin Langer, Peter Hahn, Lars Peter Müller, Frank Unglaub
BACKGROUND: Primary finger and thumb joint arthritis is common, with a markedly rising prevalence from age 50 onward. As the population as a whole ages, the need for effective, stage-appropriate treatment of this condition is increasing. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases. RESULTS: Pain on movement and morning stiffness are commonly reported symptoms...
April 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737544/external-cervical-resorption-part-2-management
#15
REVIEW
S Patel, F Foschi, R Condon, T Pimentel, B Bhuva
Effective management of external cervical resorption (ECR) depends on accurate assessment of the true nature and accessibility of ECR; this has been discussed in part 1 of this 2 part paper. This aim of this paper is firstly, to review the literature in relation to the management of ECR, and secondly, based on the available evidence describe different strategies for the management of ECR. In cases where ECR is supracrestal, superficial and with limited circumferential spread a surgical repair without root canal treatment is the preferred approach...
May 8, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736917/use-of-cancellous-bone-grafting-to-promote-granulation-tissue-in-a-distal-limb-wound-in-a-dog
#16
K Barnes, O Lanz, S Barry, K Aulakh
A 5-year-old female spayed Shetland sheepdog presented for evaluation of bandage sores on the left pelvic limb after a splint was placed to stabilise a digit fracture incurred approximately 2 weeks previously. Multiple areas of necrosis were identified upon bandage removal. After debridement of devitalised tissue, a 4 cm wound on the plantar surface of the metatarsal bones (with exposed bone and tendons) remained. The Papineau technique (which involves removal of infected or necrotic tissue, placement of autogenous cancellous bone graft within a wound, and delayed skin closure) was used to treat this wound...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732197/multi-dimensional-printing-in-thoracic-surgery-current-and-future-applications
#17
REVIEW
Jackson K S Kwok, Rainbow W H Lau, Ze-Rui Zhao, Peter S Y Yu, Jacky Y K Ho, Simon C Y Chow, Innes Y P Wan, Calvin S H Ng
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has been gaining much attention in the medical field in recent years. At present, 3D printing most commonly contributes in pre-operative surgical planning of complicated surgery. It is also utilized for producing personalized prosthesis, well demonstrated by the customized rib cage, vertebral body models and customized airway splints. With on-going research and development, it will likely play an increasingly important role across the surgical fields. This article reviews current application of 3D printing in thoracic surgery and also provides a brief overview on the extended and updated use of 3D printing in bioprinting and 4D printing...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730613/photomodulation-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder-protocol-for-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#18
Ana Paula Taboada Sobral, Camila Leal H de Godoy, Kristianne P Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Sonia F Monken, Lara J Motta
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological data show that the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) start becoming apparent from 6 years of age, and during adolescence these signs and symptoms are similar to those of adults. The present study aims to estimate the direct costs for treatment of chronic muscle pain with photobiomodulation therapy, occlusal splint and placebo in patients with TMD; to evaluate the effectiveness of photobiomodulation therapy and occlusal splint for treatment of muscle pain in patients with TMD; to analyse the cost-effectiveness of the two proposed treatments for pain; and to describe and compare the results of the analyses of these treatments...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727872/postoperative-complications-in-equine-elective-clean-orthopaedic-surgery-with-without-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#19
Sabita Diana Stöckle, Klaus Failing, Marc Koene, Kerstin Fey
OBJECTIVE: Retrospective analysis of postoperative complications in equines after clean, orthopaedic surgical procedures in order to detect differences between animals treated with antibiotics and horses without receiving these drugs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Details on 652 patients, surgical procedures and surgery-associated complications were compiled from horses being operated between June 2011 and January 2015. Antibiotic-receiving patients (n = 259) were tested for differences in complication rates and characteristics to controls (n = 393)...
April 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723317/accuracy-of-milled-titanium-frameworks-constructed-with-direct-scanning-and-splinted-impression-techniques
#20
Amandeep Singh Badwal, James Dudley
PURPOSE: To compare vertical microgaps of milled titanium implant frameworks constructed using (1) direct model scanning (DMS) and (2) splinted impression (SIM) techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three BioHorizon external hex implants were embedded in an epoxy resin model, and convenience samples of four identical frameworks in the DMS group and five in the SIM group were constructed. Implant-framework interfaces were scanned with a microcomputed tomography (CT) scanner, and the vertical microgap measured with one-screw and two-screw tests using CT analyzer (CTAn) software...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
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