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Ryosuke Echigo, Atsushi Fujita, Ryohei Nishimura, Manabu Mochizuki
The cases of 4 Pomeranians with injury of the triceps brachii tendon that underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate some clinical findings including signalment, cause of injury, clinical signs, pattern of injury, surgical technique, external coaptation after operation, complications, and outcomes. While all of the dogs showed non-weight bearing posture of the affected limbs and severe pain shortly after injury onset, the pain level decreased over time. A characteristic finding of the 4 cases was an absence of tension in the triceps brachii tendon when the elbow joint was flexed...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Amir Wolff, Gabriel F Santiago, Micah Belzberg, Omri Emodi, Chad R Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Combined mid-face and nasal apparatus trauma injuries pose a significant challenge to airway patency (AW), in the immediate postoperative setting following fracture reduction. As such, the authors describe a modified technique with the goal of maintaining a patent nasal AW, while at the same time, minimizing nasopharyngeal bleeding and nasal AW edema-which can complicate patients requiring intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the setting of pan-facial trauma. METHODS: A modified technique was devised to assist the reconstruction surgeon in avoiding the risks associated with tracheostomy placement...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Manuel Bratos, Jumping M Bergin, Jeffrey E Rubenstein, John A Sorensen
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Conventional impression techniques to obtain a definitive cast for a complete-arch implant-supported prosthesis are technique-sensitive and time-consuming. Direct optical recording with a camera could offer an alternative to conventional impression making. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to test a novel intraoral image capture protocol to obtain 3-dimensional (3D) implant spatial measurement data under simulated oral conditions of vertical opening and lip retraction...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Enas A Elshenawy, Ahmed M Alam-Eldein, Fadel A Abd Elfatah
BACKGROUND: Angulated implants may result in inaccurate impressions, and the impression technique may affect the accuracy of the definitive cast. This study was designed to compare the dimensional accuracy of casts obtained from three impression techniques for three definitive lower casts with implants at different angulations. METHODS: Three Osseolink implants were placed in three reference models with different angles (parallel, 15° and 30°). Impressions of each model were made with three techniques (n = 10 per group): indirect, unsplinted direct, and acrylic resin-splinted direct technique...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Órla Gilheaney, Leo Fa Stassen, Margaret Walshe
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are caused by changes in the structure and/or function of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, and/or osseous components. TMDs can result in oral stage dysphagia (OD) with potential effects on function and patient well-being. Little is known about the prevalence, nature, and management of TMD-related OD. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence and nature of OD in adult TMD patients and to identify the common management techniques used to manage the signs and symptoms of TMD-related OD...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Thomas J Parisi, Daniel L Levy, Douglas A Dennis, Cole A Harscher, Raymond H Kim, Jason M Jennings
BACKGROUND: Some patients perceive symptomatic improvement in the contralateral knee after unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This so-called "splinting effect" has been observed but has not been radiographically evaluated. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis treated with unilateral TKA was performed. Patients were subcategorized into 2 groups based on whether contralateral TKA was performed within the 2-year period...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ayman Ebied, Ahmed Zayda, Sameh Marei, Hany Elsayed
INTRODUCTION: Successful treatment of knee comminuted periarticular fractures associated with osteoporosis and pre-existing arthritis is a challenging task. METHODS: This is a prospective study on 27 patients who had comminuted intra and periarticular knee fractures and pre-existing arthritis. Fractures were classified according to Muller's AO classification. Primary knee arthroplasty was performed ± internal fixation following 4 weeks of splinting. A stem was added to the tibial tray and Legacy Constrained Condylar Knee (LCCK) or Rotating Hinge (RH) prosthesis were used depending on the level of ligament damage and bone defects...
2018: SICOT-J
Beverley Gray, Julie Santy-Tomlinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
Youngil Kwon, Hyunjung Ko, Soojung Kim, Miri Kim
BACKGROUND/AIM: Continuous research efforts have been focusing on promoting healing of delayed replantation of avulsed teeth. The aim of this in vivo study was to assess the effect of cathepsin K inhibitor surface treatment on delayed tooth replantation.Materials and Methods Thirty-four premolar roots of four beagle dogs were extracted and conventional root canal treatment was performed. The canals were filled with gutta-percha and cement. All extracted teeth were air-dried for 1 h. Teeth were divided into two groups according to the root surface treatment prior to replantation: control (n = 13) and cathepsin K inhibitor (n = 21)...
March 13, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Renato Sussumu Nishioka, Leandro Ruivo De Santis, Gabriela Nogueira De Melo Nishioka, Alberto Noriyuki Kojima, Francisley Ávila Souza
PURPOSE: This in vitro study assessed the accuracy of multiple implant-level impression techniques (open tray and closed tray) for the fabrication of 3-unit implant prostheses with strain gauge (SG) analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A polyurethane master model was designed to simulate a clinical situation. Two rigid custom trays were fabricated for the model. The impression material used was polysulfide. Transfer implant impressions were made using 2 techniques; ten tapered copings not splinted (custom closed tray) and ten square copings splinted with acrylic-resin (custom open tray)...
March 9, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Monika Kuhn, Jens Christoph Türp
The aim of the present study was to summarize the risk factors for bruxism that were identified by a systematic search of the literature published between 2007 and 2016. Depending on the size of the odds ratios (ORs) and the lower limit of the 95% confidence intervals indicated by the reports, four risk categories were differentiated. Among others, emotional stress, consumption of tobacco, alcohol, or coffee, sleep apnea syndrome, and anxiety disorders were recognized as important factors among adults. In children and adolescents, apart from distress, behavioral abnormalities and sleep disturbances predominated...
February 12, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Xiaohan Liu, Pei Shen, Xiangyu Wang, Shanyong Zhang, Jiawei Zheng, Chi Yang
This study aimed to establish an effective prognostic nomogram for predicting the probability of postoperative bone remodeling of patients with anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWoR). The nomogram was based on a retrospective study on patients underwent surgical approaches for ADDWoR at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University from January, 2007 to January, 2017. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to develop variables suitable for probability estimation model...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Yumiko Matsusue, Satoshi Horita, Kazuhiro Murakami, Tsutomu Sugiura, Tadaaki Kirita
BACKGROUND/AIM: Sports activity increases the risk of maxillofacial fractures. The aim of this study was to analyze trends and characteristics of maxillofacial fractures sustained during sports activity to develop more effective treatments and possibly to prevent injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 248 patients with maxillofacial fractures sustained during sports activity were retrospectively analyzed based on their clinical records and radiographs. RESULTS: The patients were 226 males (91...
March 11, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Aline Serrado de Pinho Barcellos, Caroline Cotes Marinho, Jean Soares Miranda, Marina Amaral, Marcos Yutaka Shiino, Estevão Tomomitsu Kimpara
The aim of this study was compare the effect of two in vitro ageing protocols to intraoral aging on the flexural strength of a lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic bars with clamped ends. After polishing and crystallization, the both ends of the bars were cemented to a metallic device and subjected to mechanical cycling, thermomechanical cycling, or intraoral ageing. Ten volunteers used an intraoral device - similar to an occlusal splint with a balanced contact condition on the occlusal surface of the ceramic bar - during 8 h night time / 30 days...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Giampietro Farronato, Guido Galbiati, Luca Esposito, Carmen Mortellaro, Federica Zanoni, Cinzia Maspero
OBJECTIVE: This article describes a virtual protocol designed to optimize surgical orthodontic diagnosis and treatment plan. METHODS: A total of 15 patients undergoing orthodontic-surgical treatment have been analyzed with a presurgical virtual three-dimensional (3D) treatment planning, which involves 9 steps. All the patients have been treated with the use of occlusal splint guides projected on the basis of the surgical and orthodontic visualized treatment objective ...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
O Kokkola, A L Suominen, V Qvintus, R Myllykangas, S Lahti, M Tolvanen, K Sipilä
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the efficacy of stabilization splint treatment on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) during a one-year follow-up. Originally, the sample consisted of 80 patients (18 men, 62 women) with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) who had been referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Oulu University Hospital, Finland, for treatment. Patients were randomly designated into splint (n = 39) and control group (n = 41). Patients in the splint group were treated with a stabilization splint...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Hannah Shehata, Jerry Hizon
A 12-year-old girl presented to my office (JH) with bilateral wrist pain. She had fallen on both wrists palmar-flexed and then, while trying to get up, landed on both wrists dorsi-flexed. The patient did not hear any "pops," but felt immediate pain when her wrists hyperextended. Hand, wrist, and forearm x-rays were negative bilaterally for fractures. She was placed in bilateral thumb spica splints.
March 2018: Journal of Family Practice
Nebojsa Jovanovic, Ehab Aldlyami, Basem Saraj, Mohamed Fm Seidam, Hamed Badawi, Ahmed Shaat, Khalid Alawadi Facharzt, Chaitanya Dodakundi
Multiple methods have been described for treating unstable proximal and middle phalangeal fractures. Irrespective of using an open or closed technique of fixation, stiffness and extensor lag at the proximal/distal interphalangeal joint almost always occur. This issue can be avoided by allowing the patients to mobilize the fingers out of plaster or splint as early as possible from the day of surgery. We describe a technique of intramedullary percutaneous fixation of extra-articular proximal and middle phalanx fractures allowing immediate mobilization of fingers, concurrent stabilization with progressive healing and thus preventing such complications...
March 2, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
James H Calandruccio, Norfleet B Thompson
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity. Comorbidities associated with the development of CTS include diabetes and obesity. Although a high rate of repetitive hand/wrist motions is a risk factor, there is insufficient evidence to implicate computer use in the development of CTS. Initial treatment generally is nonoperative, with the strongest evidence supporting bracing/splinting. Strong evidence supports operative treatment, regardless of technique, as superior to nonoperative treatment...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Piotr Orlowski, Magdalena Zmigrodzka, Emilia Tomaszewska, Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda, Monika Czupryn, Malgorzata Antos-Bielska, Janusz Szemraj, Grzegorz Celichowski, Jaroslaw Grobelny, Malgorzata Krzyzowska
Introduction: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been shown to promote wound healing and to exhibit antimicrobial properties against a broad range of bacteria. In our previous study, we prepared tannic acid (TA)-modified AgNPs showing a good toxicological profile and immunomodulatory properties useful for potential dermal applications. Methods: In this study, in vitro scratch assay, antimicrobial tests, modified lymph node assay as well as a mouse splint wound model were used to access the wound healing potential of TA-modified and unmodified AgNPs...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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