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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334509/comparison-of-stress-and-strain-distribution-around-splinted-and-nonsplinted-6-mm-short-implants-in-posterior-mandible-a-finite-element-analysis-study
#1
Mansour Meimandi, Mohammad Reza Talebi Ardakani, Reza Amid, Amir Mahmoudi Motlagh, Shahrzad Beheshti
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the biomechanical performance of splinted and nonsplinted short implants, in the posterior mandible, using finite element analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional models of short implants with 2 different diameters (4 × 6 mm or 5 × 6 mm) were scanned, and CATIA (R21) was used to simulate the model of an edentulous lower jaw. Experimental groups were designed as follows: (1) D4L6-splinted (three 4 × 6-mm splinted implants), (2) D4L6-nonsplinted, (3) D5L6-splinted, and (4) D5L6-nonsplinted...
January 12, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328804/replacement-of-the-nose
#2
Harold Ellis
Today's reconstructive surgeons may not be aware that replacement of the nose was carried out successfully as long ago as the 16th century by the surgeon Gaspar Taliacozzo of Bologna, Italy, who published a detailed and illustrated account of his operation in 1597. This procedure comprised raising a flap of skin from the upper arm to reconstruct the nose. The arm was kept in place, with the hand resting on the patient's head, using elaborate splinting until adherence had taken place; the flap was then detached from the donor arm...
May 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327551/-analysis-of-the-axial-stretching-force-of-the-small-splint-fixation-system
#3
Hong-Gang Zhong, Wei-Hua Liu, Fu-Hui Dong
OBJECTIVE: To measure the axial stretching force produced by the small splint fixation system in the treatment of the fracture. METHODS: Dumbbell shaped plexiglass was machined to model the bone shaft with expanded two ends. Force transducer was set at the model fracture site to measure the stretching force produced by fracture fixation of the small splint with cloth aqueous bag that simulated the muscles and other soft tissue underneath. RESULTS: There was positive relationship between the axial stretching force produced at the model fracture site and the transverse pressing force exerted by the external plates...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326896/relationship-between-sitting-volleyball-performance-and-field-fitness-of-sitting-volleyball-players-in-korea
#4
Bogja Jeoung
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sitting volleyball performance and the field fitness of sitting volleyball players. Forty-five elite sitting volleyball players participated in 10 field fitness tests. Additionally, the players' head coach and coach assessed their volleyball performance (receive and defense, block, attack, and serve). Data were analyzed with SPSS software version 21 by using correlation and regression analyses, and the significance level was set at P< 0.05...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322026/the-pgris-and-parathyroid-splinting-concepts-for-the-analysis-and-prognosis-of-protracted-hypoparathyroidism
#5
Antonio Sitges-Serra
Most patients with hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy will recover the parathyroid function in a few weeks, but some 20-30% of them will still be in the need for replacement therapy one month after surgery and about 5-10% of those will develop permanent hypoparathyroidism. Although postoperative hypocalcemia has been related to several demographic and metabolic causes, parathyroid hormone (PTH) decline, resulting from autotransplantation, inadvertent excision or devascularization of the parathyroid glands, is the common final pathway...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319557/posterior-compartment-surgery-provides-no-differential-benefit-for-defecatory-symptoms-before-or-after-concomitant-mesh-augmented-apical-suspension
#6
Divya Arunachalam, Douglass S Hale, Michael H Heit
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the value of posterior compartment surgery during concomitant mesh-augmented apical suspension by comparing obstructed defecatory symptoms after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) with LSC with posterior repair (LSC + PR) and laparoscopic sacrocolpoperineopexy (LSCP) procedures. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent LSC, LSC + PR, and LSCP between July 2007 and July 2016 at a tertiary referral center in Indianapolis, Ind...
January 9, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318167/a-comparison-of-cervical-spine-motion-after-immobilization-with-a-traditional-spine-board-and-full-body-vacuum-mattress-splint
#7
Brian E Etier, Grant E Norte, Megan M Gleason, Dustin L Richter, Kelli F Pugh, Keith B Thomson, Lindsay V Slater, Joe M Hart, Stephen F Brockmeier, David R Diduch
Background: The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) advocates for cervical spine immobilization on a rigid board or vacuum splint and for removal of athletic equipment before transfer to an emergency medical facility. Purpose: To (1) compare triplanar cervical spine motion using motion capture between a traditional rigid spine board and a full-body vacuum splint in equipped and unequipped athletes, (2) assess cervical spine motion during the removal of a football helmet and shoulder pads, and (3) evaluate the effect of body mass on cervical spine motion...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313556/does-obesity-affect-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-innovative-multi-modal-physical-therapy-following-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Nirav K Patel, Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Chukwuweike Gwam, Nipun Sodhi, Assem A Sultan, Tanner McGinn, Anil Bhave, Jaydev B Mistry, Ronald E Delanois, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Knee stiffness following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common complication, especially in obese patients. The initial, non-operative treatments for this complication includes splinting and physical therapy. If these measures fail, manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) or surgical exploration can be considered to restore range of motion (ROM). However, it is generally desirable to avoid these procedures. For these reasons, newer physical therapy protocols have been developed...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310456/online-physical-therapy-protocol-quality-variability-and-availability-in-achilles-tendon-repair
#9
Harry M Lightsey, Peter C Noback, Jon-Michael E Caldwell, David P Trofa, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in characterizing the benefit of early functional rehabilitation following Achilles tendon repair (ATR). However, standardized ATR rehabilitation guidelines have yet to be produced. Furthermore, as patients increasingly use the Internet to independently retrieve health care content, access to standardized, clinically effective rehabilitation protocols is necessary. METHODS: Online ATR physical therapy protocols from US academic orthopaedic programs were reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310416/medium-term-outcome-of-closed-radial-wedge-osteotomy-of-the-distal-radius-for-preiser-disease-with-concomitant-kienb%C3%A3-ck-disease-two-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#10
Yuji Tomori, Takuya Sawaizumi, Nanno Mitsuhiko, Shinro Takai
RATIONALE: Idiopathic avascular necrosis of the scaphoid or lunate bone are known as Preiser disease and Kienböck disease, respectively. Although there are reports of avascular necrosis involving more than one carpal bone, concurrent idiopathic avascular necrosis of the scaphoid and lunate bones is rare, with only five cases reported in the English literature (including the two herein). Although the optimum treatment for Preiser disease with concomitant Kienböck disease has not been established, our cases underwent closed radial wedge osteotomy based on the evidence of satisfactory outcomes for treating Kienböck disease...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310359/natural-teeth-retained-splint-based-on-a-patient-specific-3d-printed-mandible-used-for-implant-surgery-and-vestibuloplasty-a-case-report
#11
Helin Xing, Jinshuang Wu, Lei Zhou, Sefei Yang
RATIONALE: With respect to improving the quality of oral rehabilitation, the management of keratinized mucosa is as important as bone condition for implant success. To enhance this management, a natural teeth-retained splint based on a patient-specific 3-dimensional (3D) printed mandible was used in vestibuloplasty to provide sufficient keratinized mucosa around dental implants to support long-term implant maintenance. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old male patient had a fracture of the anterior andible 1 year ago, and the fracture was treated with titanium...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303139/temporomandibular-joint-involvement-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#12
Alime Okkesim, Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Melda Misirlioglu
Psoriasis is a chronic, papulosquamous, and an inflammatory skin disease. It has been found that between 5% and 24% of patients develop psoriatic arthritis (PA) at the same time after or even prior to skin findings. The involvement of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare condition. In this report, a-46-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with the complaint of pain in the bilateral TMJs, and a limited jaw movement. Medical anamnesis revealed he had psoriasis for the last 21 years, and developed a seronegative polyarthritis with destructive changes for 8 years...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300207/stress-distribution-in-splinted-and-unsplinted-implant-supported-maxillary-overdentures-a-3d-finite-element-analysis
#13
Allahyar Geramy, Sareh Habibzadeh
INTRODUCTION: This study was accomplished to assess the biomechanical state of splinting in implant-supported maxillary overdentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two models of maxillary overdentures were designed in SolidWorks 2011. The first model included 4 separate implants and ball abutments, whereas the second one included 4 splinted implants connected with a bar. Evaluation was performed in ANSYS Workbench software with 200 N load applied at the molar-premolar region, bilaterally...
January 3, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297553/effect-of-occlusal-splints-on-the-stress-distribution-on-the-temporomandibular-joint-disc
#14
Fabiane Maria Ferreira, Paulo Cézar Simamoto-Júnior, Carlos José Soares, António Manuel de Amaral Monteiro Ramos, Alfredo Júlio Fernandes-Neto
Conservative approach, including occlusal splint therapy, is the first option to treat temporomandibular disorders (TMD), because of its reversibility. The present study analyzed the effect of the articular disc position and occlusal splints use on the stress distribution on this disc. A two-dimensional (2D) finite element (FE) model of the temporomandibular joint with the articular disc at its physiologic position was constructed based on cone-beam computed tomography. Three other FE models were created changing the disc position, according to occlusal splint use and anterior disc displacement condition...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291451/effects-of-forced-deep-breathing-on-blood-flow-velocity-in-the-femoral-vein-developing-a-new-physical-prophylaxis-for-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-plaster-cast-immobilization-of-the-lower-limb
#15
Keisuke Nakanishi, Naonobu Takahira, Miki Sakamoto, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Masato Katagiri, Jun Kitagawa
INTRODUCTION: Patients with plaster cast immobilization of the lower limb have an estimated symptomatic venous thromboembolism rate of 5.5%. However, there is currently no practical physical prophylaxis for deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). The objective of this study was to examine the effects of forced deep breathing on peak blood velocity in the superficial femoral vein (PBVFV), which is a surrogate measure of the efficacy of thromboprophylaxis against DVT, in patients with plaster cast immobilization of the lower limb...
December 23, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286358/is-wrist-splint-more-effective-than-forearm-band-for-lateral-epicondylitis
#16
Arturo Meissner, María Ignacia Vives, Javier Román, Arturo Meissner
INTRODUCTION: Lateral epicondylitis is a common cause of lateral elbow pain. There are many treatments able to improvement symptoms, including orthotic devices. The main available orthosis are wrist splint and forearm band. However, it is not clear which one constitutes the best alternative for symptomatic treatment. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
December 28, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286181/accuracy-of-different-implant-impression-techniques-evaluation-of-new-tray-design-concept
#17
David Yu Liu, Fathima Nashmie Cader, Jaafar Abduo, Joseph Palamara
PURPOSE: To evaluate implant impression accuracy with a new tray design concept in comparison to nonsplinted and splinted impression techniques for a 2-implant situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A reference bar titanium framework was fabricated to fit on 2 parallel implants. The framework was used to generate a resin master model with 2 implants that fit precisely against the framework. Three impression techniques were evaluated: (1) nonsplinted, (2) splinted, and (3) nonsplinted with modified tray impressions...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283896/biological-and-technical-complications-of-splinted-or-nonsplinted-dental-implants-a-decision-tree-for-selection
#18
Andrea Ravidà, Muhammad H A Saleh, Miguel Carreño Muriel, Bartosz Maska, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: To present an in-depth review on splinting versus nonsplinting the restorations of adjacent dental implants, in addition to discussing biological and technical complications associated with either choice; and to provide the clinician with a decision tree that serves in everyday judgments when it comes to addressing this issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed for articles comparing success of splinted versus nonsplinted dental implants...
December 27, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275075/accuracy-of-computer-assisted-orthognathic-surgery
#19
Giacomo De Riu, Paola Ilaria Virdis, Silvio Mario Meloni, Aurea Lumbau, Luigi Angelo Vaira
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the difference between the planned and the actual movements of the jaws, using three-dimensional (3D) software for PC-assisted orthognathic surgery, to establish the accuracy of the procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed with 49 patients who had undergone PC-guided bimaxillary surgery. The accuracy of the protocol was determined by comparing planned movements of the jaws with the actual surgical movements, analysing frontal and lateral cephalometries...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259809/the-addition-of-a-tension-night-splint-to-a-structured-home-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-with-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-does-not-lead-to-significant-additional-benefits-in-either-pain-function-or-flexibility-a-single-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Patrick C Wheeler
Objective: To identify any improvements in pain or function in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis following the use of a tension night splint (TNS). Methods: Single-blinded randomised controlled trial, with participants split evenly between intervention group (TNS + home exercise programme/HEP) and control group (HEP only). Follow-up at 3 months, with interim data at 6 weeks. Results: 40 patients recruited. Mean age 52.1 years, 33% male, mean body mass index 30...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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