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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351612/a-mutational-signature-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-and-prognostically-significantly-mutated-driver-genes-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
X C Li, M Y Wang, M Yang, H J Dai, B F Zhang, W Wang, X L Chu, X Wang, H Zheng, R F Niu, W Zhang, K X Chen
Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is often diagnosed at an advanced and incurable stage. Information on driver genes and prognosticators in ESCC remains incomplete. The objective was to elucidate significantly mutated genes (SMGs), mutational signatures, and prognosticators in ESCC. Patients and Methods: Three MutSig algorithms (i.e. MutSigCV, MutSigCL and MutSigFN) and "20/20+" ratio-metric were employed to identify SMGs. Nonnegative matrix factorization was used to decipher mutational signatures...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351293/fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-1-amplification-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Jesus Monico, Brandon Miller, Luminita Rezeanu, Warren May, Donna C Sullivan
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) has been noted to be amplified in a variety of squamous cell carcinomas (SCCa) of the head, neck, and lung and increased copy number (CN) is a predictor of poor outcomes. FGFR1 is a therapeutic target for lung SCCa and inhibition therapy is currently in clinical trials. Absolute quantification of FGFR1 from formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue of laryngeal SCCa was examined in this retrospective study. A droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) was used for absolute quantitation of the FGFR1 gene CN...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351242/-vessels-in-the-storm-searching-for-prognostic-and-predictive-angiogenic-factors-in-colorectal-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Adriano Angelucci, Simona Delle Monache, Alessio Cortellini, Monica Di Padova, Ficorella Corrado
High expectations are placed upon anti-angiogenic compounds for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), the first malignancy for which such type of treatment has been approved. Indeed, clinical trials have confirmed that targeting the formation of new vessels can improve in many cases clinical outcomes of mCRC patients. However, current anti-angiogenic drugs are far from obtaining the desirable or expected curative results. Many are the factors probably involved in such disappointing results, but particular attention is currently focused on the validation of biomarkers able to improve the direction of treatment protocols...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351120/grading-using-ki-67-index-and-mitotic-rate-increases-the-prognostic-accuracy-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#4
Prejesh Philips, David A Kooby, Shishir Maithel, Nipun B Merchant, Sharon M Weber, Emily R Winslow, Syed Ahmad, Hong J Kim, Charles R Scoggins, Kelly M McMasters, Robert C G Martin
OBJECTIVES: To measure the usefulness of Ki-67 proliferative index (Ki-67 index) as a prognostic variable for grading pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. METHODS: A multi-institutional prospective database comprising 350 patients. Grading based on mitotic activity (<2 mitoses/10 high-power fields, 2-20 and >20) and Ki-67 index (<3% per 10 high-power fields, 3%-20% and >20%). Final grade selected based on higher grade of either variable. RESULTS: Most patients were in the less than 3% (n = 158) and 3% to 20% Ki-67 category (n = 107), with a minority being high-grade (Ki-67 > 20%, n = 27)...
January 18, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351098/prognostic-factors-change-over-time-after-hepatectomy-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-multi-institutional-international-analysis-of-1099-patients
#5
Georgios Antonios Margonis, Stefan Buettner, Nikolaos Andreatos, Doris Wagner, Kazunari Sasaki, Carlotta Barbon, Andrea Beer, Carsten Kamphues, Inger Marie Løes, Jin He, Timothy M Pawlik, Klaus Kaczirek, George Poultsides, Per Eystein Lønning, John L Cameron, Hans Joerg Mischinger, Federico N Aucejo, Martin E Kreis, Christopher L Wolfgang, Matthew J Weiss
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changing impact of genetic and clinicopathologic factors on conditional overall survival (CS) over time in patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis. BACKGROUND: CS estimates account for the changing likelihood of survival over time and may reveal the changing impact of prognostic factors as time accrues from the date of surgery. METHODS: CS analysis was performed in 1099 patients of an international, multi-institutional cohort...
January 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350800/acquisition-remission-and-persistence-of-eczema-asthma-and-rhinitis-in-children
#6
Hongmei Zhang, Akhilesh Kaushal, Nelís Soto-Ramírez, Ali H Ziyab, Susan Ewart, John W Holloway, Wilfried Karmaus, Hasan Arshad
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization is associated with eczema, asthma, and rhinitis. However, it is unknown whether and how allergic sensitization is associated over time with acquisition, remission, and persistence of these diseases and their comorbidity. OBJECTIVE: To gain a better understanding of factors including allergic sensitization transitions that influence the temporal pattern of asthma, eczema, and rhinitis and their comorbidity during childhood. METHODS: In the Isle of Wight birth cohort information on allergic sensitization to common allergens was collected at ages 4, 10, and 18 years along with asthma, rhinitis, and eczema status determined by clinical diagnosis...
January 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350603/decision-tree-analysis-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-prediction-of-outcome-parameters-during-the-course-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-using-decision-tree-analysis
#7
Isabel Charlotte Hostettler, Carl Muroi, Johannes Konstantin Richter, Josef Schmid, Marian Christoph Neidert, Martin Seule, Oliver Boss, Athina Pangalu, Menno Robbert Germans, Emanuela Keller
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to create prediction models for outcome parameters by decision tree analysis based on clinical and laboratory data in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). METHODS The database consisted of clinical and laboratory parameters of 548 patients with aSAH who were admitted to the Neurocritical Care Unit, University Hospital Zurich. To examine the model performance, the cohort was randomly divided into a derivation cohort (60% [n = 329]; training data set) and a validation cohort (40% [n = 219]; test data set)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350599/prognostic-factors-for-progression-in-atypical-meningioma
#8
Shakir I Shakir, Luis Souhami, Kevin Petrecca, Jose João Mansure, Khushdeep Singh, Valerie Panet-Raymond, George Shenouda, Amal A Al-Odaini, Bassam Abdulkarim, Marie-Christine Guiot
OBJECTIVE The optimal adjuvant management for atypical meningiomas remains controversial. The aim of this study was to review long-term outcomes to identify potential prognostic factors for disease progression. METHODS From August 1992 to August 2013, 70 patients with atypical meningioma were treated at the authors' institution. Pathology revision was performed based on WHO 2007 criteria. Patients with multiple tumors, neurofibromatosis Type 2, or inadequate imaging follow-up were not eligible. The authors performed pre- and postoperative serial measurements of tumor volume from MRI...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350464/predictors-of-response-progression-free-survival-and-overall-survival-using-nant-response-criteria-v1-0-in-relapsed-and-refractory-high-risk-neuroblastoma
#9
Judith G Villablanca, Lingyun Ji, Adi Shapira-Lewinson, Araz Marachelian, Hiroyuki Shimada, Randall A Hawkins, Miguel Pampaloni, Hollie Lai, Fariba Goodarzian, Richard Sposto, Julie R Park, Katherine K Matthay
PURPOSE: The New Approaches to Neuroblastoma Therapy Response Criteria (NANTRC) were developed to optimize response assessment in patients with recurrent/refractory neuroblastoma. Response predictors and associations of the NANTRC version 1.0 (NANTRCv1.0) and prognostic factors with outcome were analyzed. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients with recurrent/refractory neuroblastoma enrolled from 2000 to 2009 on 13 NANT Phase 1/2 trials. NANTRC overall response integrated CT/MRI (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST]), metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG; Curie scoring), and percent bone marrow (BM) tumor (morphology)...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350090/demographic-determinants-and-outcome-of-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-services-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Faisal Almaslami, Syed Mohamed Aljunid, Khalid Ghailan
Objectives To assess the demographic characteristics and outcomes of couples undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment at a private hospital in Al Qassim district, Saudi Arabia. Methods For this retrospective study, information was extracted from the hospital electronic database and IVF unit medical records. Results 2259 couples underwent 2703 IVF/ICSI cycles during 2014 to 2016. The utilization rate was approximately 1000 cycle per million of inhabitants. Mean ages ± standard deviation (SD) for women and men were 32...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349669/positive-correlation-between-matrix-metalloproteinases-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcome-in-bladder-cancer-patients
#11
R Singh, A Mandhani, V Agrawal, Minal Garg
Involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the pathogenesis of urothelial carcinoma elects them to be sensitive marker for clinical and prognostic implications. MMPs regulate tumor growth and invasion by inducing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) which is characterized by the complex reprogramming of epithelial cells and ultimately bring about major changes in the structural organization of bladder urothelium. The present study has been undertaken to evaluate the clinical relevance of MMPs in two distinct types of bladder cancer disease...
January 18, 2018: Cancer Microenvironment: Official Journal of the International Cancer Microenvironment Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349614/treatment-and-outcomes-of-28-patients-with-spinal-metastasis-from-gynecological-cancer
#12
Xin Gao, Chenglong Zhao, Shaohui He, Tianqi Fan, Wei Xu, Cheng Yang, Tielong Liu, Jianru Xiao
The aim of this study was to provide some useful information concerning clinical characteristics, surgical treatment, potential contributing factor and prognostic factors for patients with gynecological cancer (GC) spinal metastasis. We reviewed 28 patients with GC spinal metastasis in our spine tumor center between July 2008 and July 2015. Surgeries were performed on 22 of them. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify potential prognostic factors affecting spinal metastasis-free survival (SMFS) and overall survival...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349523/prognostic-factors-of-pediatric-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study
#13
Marilita M Moschos, Eirini Nitoda, Isabelle Fenzel, Xuefei Song, Achim Langenbucher, Barbara Kaesmann, Berthold Seitz, Zisis Gatzioufas
PURPOSE: To correlate the features of certain types of infantile glaucoma with the progression and the prognosis of the disease, highlighting probable risk factors. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with pediatric glaucoma were recruited in this retrospective study. All patients underwent ophthalmological examination in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Saarland University Medical Center from January 2001 to December 2012. Our pediatric patients were classified into four different categories of glaucoma: (1) primary congenital glaucoma (presenting buphthalmus), (2) aniridia-related glaucoma, (3) Peters/Rieger's anomaly-related glaucoma and (4) congenital cataract-related glaucoma...
January 18, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349484/overall-survival-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-patients-a-single-institution-long-term-follow-up-of-5897-patients
#14
Yasuhiro Ito, Akira Miyauchi, Minoru Kihara, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Takuya Higashiyama, Akihiro Miya
INTRODUCTION: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) generally shows an excellent prognosis except in cases with aggressive backgrounds or clinicopathological features. Although the cause-specific survival (CSS) of PTC patients has been extensively investigated, the overall survival (OS) of these patients is unclear. We herein investigated both the OS and CSS of a large PTC patient series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 5897 PTC patients who underwent initial surgery between 1987 and 2005 (658 males and 5339 females; median age 51 years)...
January 18, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349102/data-on-the-clinical-usefulness-of-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-in-patients-with-suspected-coronary-artery-disease
#15
In-Chang Hwang, Kwang Nam Jin, Hack-Lyoung Kim, You-Nui Kim, Moon-Sun Im, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jae-Bin Seo, Sang-Hyun Kim, Joo-Hee Zo, Myung-A Kim
Brachial-artery pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a simple and reliable tool for measurement of arterial stiffness. Our previous studies suggested that baPWV is associated with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the risk of cardiovascular events. In the present data article, we provided supplementary data supporting the independent prognostic value of arterial stiffness, assessed by baPWV, in patients with suspected CAD (Hwang et al., 2017) [1]. The data was obtained from 523 patients undergoing coronary CT angiography (CCTA), and baPWV was measured at the time of CCTA...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348990/hypercalcemia-of-malignancy-an-emergency-medicine-simulation
#16
Raman Sohi, Gillian Sheppard
Hypercalcemia is a poor prognostic factor associated with malignancy. The signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia that the patients present to the emergency department are vague and often overlap with the general symptoms of cancer itself or the adverse effects of the chemotherapy. Given that the development of hypercalcemia of malignancy can present with imminent danger to the patient and is a treatable condition, emergency physicians should know how to recognize and treat it. It also marks a time at which discussions regarding plans of care should be initiated with the patients...
November 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348903/the-systemic-inflammation-based-glasgow-prognostic-score-as-a-powerful-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#17
Teruo Inamoto, Hideyasu Matsuyama, Shigeru Sakano, Naokazu Ibuki, Kiyoshi Takahara, Kazumasa Komura, Tomoaki Takai, Takuya Tsujino, Yuki Yoshikawa, Koichiro Minami, Kazuhiro Nagao, Ryo Inoue, Haruhito Azuma
Introduction and Objective: The combination of C-reactive protein and albumin, the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), had independent prognostic value in patients with varying cancers, except for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between GPS and survival in patients with UTUC after adjustment for other prognostic factors. Materials and Methods: We queried 2 UTUC databases. Retrospective clinical series on patients with localized UTUC managed by nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff, for whom data from the Yamaguchi Uro-Oncology Group and Osaka Medical College registry, including age, presence of bladder cancer, pT stage, lymphovascular invasion, C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin, were analyzed...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348897/interferon-%C3%AE-adjuvant-therapy-decreases-the-recurrence-of-early-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-improves-the-prognosis-of-chinese-patients
#18
Hang Yin, Cheng-Gong Liao, Jian-Guo Huang, Yong-Qiang Wang, Zheng Li, Lu-Lu Fan, Men-Long Qian, Nao Wan, Ning Lu
The survival time of patients with early clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is fairly long, but 20% to 30% of patients with localized tumors experience relapse, and the effect of IFN-α on survival has not been well studied in patients with early ccRCC. In this study, 208 patients with early ccRCC were treated with surgery, and 54 of the patients received IFN-α as adjuvant therapy. The remaining 115 patients were treated with surgery but not with IFN-α therapy. The primary endpoint was the recurrence rate, 20...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348895/upregulated-sox9-expression-indicates-worse-prognosis-in-solid-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Haihua Ruan, Shuangyan Hu, Hongyu Zhang, Gang Du, Xiaoting Li, Xiaobo Li, Xichuan Li
It was recently reported that increased SOX9 expression drives tumor growth and promotes cancer invasion during human tumorigenicity and metastasis. However, the prognostic value of SOX9 for the survival of patients with solid tumors remains controversial. The present meta-analysis was thus performed to highlight the link between dysregulated SOX9 expression and prognosis in cancer patients. A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science and Embase to identify eligible studies...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348871/radiation-therapy-for-stage-iva-uterine-cervical-cancer-treatment-outcomes-including-prognostic-factors-and-risk-of-vesicovaginal-and-rectovaginal-fistulas
#20
Masaharu Hata, Izumi Koike, Etsuko Miyagi, Reiko Numazaki, Mikiko Asai-Sato, Hisashi Kaizu, Yuki Mukai, Shoko Takano, Eiko Ito, Madoka Sugiura, Tomio Inoue
Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiation therapy for stage IVA uterine cervical cancer and to identify an optimal radiation regimen. Results: Seventeen of the 28 patients developed recurrence after radiation therapy (local recurrence in 10 and distant metastasis in 12). The local control and distant metastasis-free rates at 3 years in all patients were 61% and 49%, respectively. Fourteen patients died after radiation therapy, and all but 2 died of tumor progression...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
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