Read by QxMD icon Read

Infantile glaucoma

Eman M Elhefney, Hossam T Al-Sharkawy, Hanem M Kishk, Hossam Abouelkheir
PURPOSE: To evaluate the preliminary results of biodegradable collagen matrix implant (Ologen) designed to improve outcome in patients with infantile glaucoma undergoing combined trabeculotomy and trabeculectomy. METHODS: A biodegradable collagen matrix (OculusGen) was placed in the subconjunctival space, partially over the scleral flap and the sclera in 20 eyes of 11 patients with infantile glaucoma who underwent combined trabeculotomy and trabeculectomy. Patients were examined preoperatively and on the first postoperative day with multiple postoperative follow-up visits within 12 months after surgery...
September 7, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
A L Solebo, I Russell-Eggitt, P Cumberland, J S Rahi
PurposeTo describe the frequency, characteristics, and treatment outcome of persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) in children undergoing surgery for congenital and infantile cataract in the first 2 years of life.Patients and methodsObservational population-based cohort study with case identification through active surveillance and standardised data collection via a national clinical network, the British Isles Congenital Cataract Interest Group (BCCIG).ResultsThe IoLunder2 cohort comprises 246 children undergoing surgery for bilateral and unilateral congenital and infantile cataract in the first 2 years of life...
September 2016: Eye
C X Ma, Y Lü, J Lü, L Yang, F L Tan, B B Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, occurrence time and types of aphakic glaucoma following infantile congenital cataract surgery. METHODS: The records of children who underwent surgery for congenital cataract within the first 24 months of life between January 2010 and January 2014 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively reviewed.Children with preoperative conditions associated with glaucoma were excluded.The following parameters were ascertained: age received cataract surgery, operation method, the incidence, occurrence time and types of glaucoma...
July 19, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Helena Lee, Frank A Proudlock, Irene Gottlob
PURPOSE: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has revolutionized the diagnosis and management of adult retinal and optic nerve disease. Children were deprived of this technology until the recent development of handheld spectral-domain OCT (HH-SDOCT). In this article, we review the applications of OCT imaging in pediatric ophthalmology. METHODS: This study was a review of the literature. RESULTS: The acquisition and interpretation of pediatric tomograms differ significantly from those for adults, with adjustments needed to account for the shorter axial lengths, higher refractive errors, and ongoing retinal and optic nerve development in the pediatric eye...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
K S Wood, D Tadros, R H Trivedi, M E Wilson
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to determine the long-term complications and outcomes of secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with congenital cataracts.Patients and MethodsThe medical records of children operated for secondary IOL implantation surgery between 2000 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Those who had undergone their initial congenital cataract surgery before 7 months of age were included and were analyzed for intra- and postoperative factors and postoperative refractive outcomes...
September 2016: Eye
Kamalvir Gill, Cheryl Bayart, Ritu Desai, Alex Golden, Patricia Raimer, Joan Tamburro
Combigan (Allergan, Irvine, CA) is an ophthalmic solution that combines 0.2% brimonidine, a selective α-2 adrenergic agonist, with 0.5% timolol, a nonselective β-adrenergic antagonist. It is approved for the reduction of intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. There have been recent reports of successful treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs) using Combigan topically. We report the case of a 2-month-old girl who developed life-threatening brimonidine toxicity requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation secondary to central nervous system depression and apnea after topical application to an ulcerated IH...
July 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Anil K Mandal
PURPOSE: Relatively little data exist regarding the outcomes of children with primary infantile glaucoma presenting with acute corneal hydrops. The aim of our study was to determine the surgical outcome of children of infantile glaucoma who presented with acute corneal hydrops. METHODS: In total, 38 eyes of 31 consecutive children of infantile glaucoma presented with acute corneal hydrops who underwent primary combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy (CTT) by a single surgeon from January 1990 to December 2012 at the LV Prasad Eye Institute (LVPEI), a tertiary eye care centre in Southern India were enrolled in this retrospective study...
2016: PloS One
Xiang-Jia Zhu, Ke-Ke Zhang, Wen-Wen He, Xing-Huai Sun, Fan-Rong Meng, Yi Lu
BACKGROUND: Aphakic glaucoma is a common complication after congenital cataract extraction, especially in those who have surgery during infancy. This case report describes a case of bilateral pupillary block glaucoma diagnosed with intraoperative ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) after removal of congenital cataract. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case report of a 9-month-old infant with bilateral corneal enlargement and ocular hypertension after uneventful removal of congenital cataracts...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Dina Tadros, Rupal H Trivedi, M Edward Wilson, Jennifer D Davidson
PURPOSE: To report the change in axial length (AL) over time and to compare the percentage of AL growth of pseudophakic eyes operated on for monocular cataract to that of the unoperated fellow eyes. METHODS: The medical records of children operated on by a single surgeon for monocular congenital cataract before 7 months of age were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria were corneal diameter of ≥9 mm and availability of AL data for >5 years' follow-up after cataract surgery and >1 year after IOL implantation (in case of secondary IOL)...
June 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Michael X Repka
The management of childhood cataract begins at the initial contact with the family and typically extends far into the child's future. Decisions affecting long-term care and visual outcomes are often made in these initial preoperative encounters. Treatment will vary depending on whether the cataract is unilateral or bilateral and whether it is infantile onset or later. Thorough discussion of the treatment options is needed, especially with description of the life-long management issues for the child. Visual outcomes will vary, with the best visual acuity results being observed in older children with bilateral cataracts...
2016: Developments in Ophthalmology
Brenda L Bohnsack
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited condition in which defects in type 1 collagen cause abnormalities in many tissues and organs, including bone, teeth, heart valves, and eyes. We describe a 6-month-old boy with OI who presented with anterior megalophthalmos of the right eye and infantile-onset glaucoma of the left eye. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of these types of congenital eye anomalies in an infant with OI.
April 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Dina Tadros, Rupal H Trivedi, M Edward Wilson
PURPOSE: To report outcomes after at least 5 years' follow-up of consecutive patients at a single center undergoing unilateral congenital cataract surgery during infancy with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation at the time of surgery or undergoing secondary IOL implantation later in childhood. METHODS: The medical records of pseudophakic children who received initial cataract surgery before 7 months of age were retrospectively reviewed. Children with acquired cataract, persistent fetal vasculature, congenital glaucoma, or follow-up of <5 years were excluded...
February 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Yangfan Yang, Xiujuan Guo, Jiangang Xu, Yiming Ye, Xiaoan Liu, Minbin Yu
Phakomatosis pigmentovascularis (PPV) is a rare congenital malformation syndrome that is characterized by a combination of capillary abnormalities and dermal melanocytosis.We describe 3 cases of PPV combined with bilateral Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), Ota nevus, and congenital glaucoma.Case 1 was a 2-year-old boy. Facial port-wine stains distributed along the 3 branches of his trigeminal nerves, which suggested the existence of SWS. Gray-blue patches were spread over the frontal and temporal areas of bilateral face, waist, buttocks, and thigh...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Isabelle Russell-Eggitt, Phillippa M Cumberland, Jugnoo S Rahi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate outcomes following cataract surgery with and without primary intraocular lens (IoL) implantation in children under 2 years of age with congenital or infantile cataract. METHOD: Prospective population based cohort study undertaken through the British Isles Congenital Cataract Interest Group, with systematic data collection on children undergoing surgery in UK and Ireland between January 2009 and December 2010. ORs for the association between IoL implantation and visual acuity, postoperative glaucoma and reoperation at 1 year after surgery were estimated using multivariable regression analysis to control for potential confounders...
November 2015: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Helen H Yeung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Runci Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2014: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Qian Li, Te Fu, Zhong-En Li, Hong-Sheng Bi, Xing-Rong Wang, Min Dong, Tian Xin
PURPOSE: To compare primary intra-ocular lens (IOL) implantation with use of press-on spherical lens for aphakia correction following unilateral infantile cataract removal. METHODS: Sixty infants with a unilateral cataract underwent cataract surgery and were randomly assigned to the IOL (A group) or no IOL group (B group). Residual refractive error was corrected with spectacles in the A group and a press-on spherical lens was used to treat aphakia in the B group...
December 2014: Acta Ophthalmologica
Asimina Mataftsi, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Stamatia Kokkali, Peter K Rabiah, Eileen Birch, David R Stager, Richard Cheong-Leen, Vineet Singh, James E Egbert, William F Astle, Scott R Lambert, Purohit Amitabh, Arif O Khan, John Grigg, Malamatenia Arvanitidou, Stavros A Dimitrakos, Ken K Nischal
IMPORTANCE: Infantile cataract surgery bears a significant risk for postoperative glaucoma, and no consensus exists on factors that may reduce this risk. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of primary intraocular lens implantation and timing of surgery on the incidence of postoperative glaucoma. DATA SOURCES: We searched multiple databases to July 14, 2013, to identify studies with eligible patients, including PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, Central, Google Scholar, Intute, and Tripdata...
September 2014: JAMA Ophthalmology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1963: Highlights of Ophthalmology
T S Dietlein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"