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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770406/double-layer-zinc-udp-coordination-polymers-structure-and-properties
#1
Qi-Ming Qiu, Leilei Gu, Hongwei Ma, Li Yan, Minghua Liu, Hui Li
A homochiral Zn-UDP coordination polymer with an alternating parallel ABAB sequence was constructed and studied by X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. Its crystal structure shows that there are potentially open sites in the 2D layers. The activation of the sites makes the coordination polymer a fluorescent sensor for novel heterogeneous detection of amino acids.
May 17, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739384/menos4-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-a-breast-care-nurse-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-cbt-intervention-to-reduce-the-impact-of-hot-flushes-in-women-with-breast-cancer-study-protocol
#2
Deborah Fenlon, Jacqueline Nuttall, Carl May, James Raftery, Jo Fields, Emma Kirkpatrick, Julia Abab, Mary Ellis, Taylor Rose, Priya Khambhaita, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Tom Maishman, Jo Haviland, Gareth Griffiths, Lesley Turner, Myra Hunter
BACKGROUND: Women who have been treated for breast cancer may identify vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS), as a serious problem. HFNS are unpleasant to experience and can have a significant impact on daily life, potentially leading to reduced adherence to life saving adjuvant hormonal therapy. It is known that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is effective for the alleviation of hot flushes in both well women and women who have had breast cancer. Most women with breast cancer will see a breast care nurse and there is evidence that nurses can be trained to deliver psychological treatments to a satisfactory level, whilst also maintaining treatment fidelity...
May 8, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614982/how-to-customize-a-bona-fide-psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-two-arms-patient-blinded-abab-crossed-therapist-randomized-clinical-implementation-trial-design-implement-2-0
#3
Christoph Flückiger, Christine Wolfer, Judith Held, Peter Hilpert, Julian Rubel, Mathias Allemand, Richard E Zinbarg, Andreea Vîslă
BACKGROUND: Bona fide psychotherapy approaches are effective treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to no-treatment conditions. Treatment manuals and protocols allow a relatively high degree of freedom for the way therapists implement these overall treatment packages and there is a systematic lack of knowledge on how therapists should customize these treatments. The present study experimentally examines two implementation strategies of customizing a bona fide psychotherapy approach based on a 16 session time-limited cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol and their relation to the post-session and ultimate treatment outcomes...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534091/first-aid-knowledge-attitude-practice-and-associated-factors-among-kindergarten-teachers-of-lideta-sub-city-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#4
Gemechu Ganfure, Gemechu Ameya, Ababe Tamirat, Bikila Lencha, Dereje Bikila
BACKGROUND: Injuries are very common and can occur at any point of time in a day. Unintended injuries in kindergarten children are the most common and need immediate life saving care which is known as first aid. This study aimed to investigate knowledge, attitude, practice, and associated factors of first aid among kindergarten teachers of Lideta sub-city Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among kindergarten teachers. Data was collected using pretested, structured and self-administered questionnaire S1 File...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426390/lighting-as-a-compensatory-strategy-for-acquired-visual-deficits-after-stroke-two-case-reports
#5
Matthew Green, Beth Barstow, Laura Vogtle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to explore the effects of enhanced lighting on the function of people with an acquired visual deficit resulting from cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF). METHOD: An ABAB design was used with two cases to assess how a short-term intervention involving lighting changes affected clients' grooming performance in an IRF. Analysis consisted of scores on the grooming section of the FIM® , times for each grooming task, and light meter readings...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406303/yoga-intervention-for-an-adolescent-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-case-study
#6
Amanda B Feinstein, Lindsey L Cohen, Akihiko Masuda, Anya T Griffin, Kaitlyn L Gamwell, Mukunda T Stiles, Sheila T Angeles-Han, Sampath Prahalad
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic rheumatic disease associated with pain, stiffness, and psychosocial difficulties. The purpose of this case study was to investigate the impact of a yoga intervention on pain and morning stiffness in an adolescent female with JIA. A secondary aim was to assess the impact of this intervention on self-efficacy, mindfulness, health-related quality of life, and disease activity. A 17-y-old female with JIA participated in 3 yoga groups and home yoga practice with a digital video disc...
January 2018: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258309/surface-single-atom-tailoring-of-a-gold-nanoparticle
#7
Zibao Gan, Jishi Chen, Lingwen Liao, Hongwen Zhang, Zhikun Wu
Surface single-atom tailoring of a gold nanoparticle, that is, adding, removing, or replacing one surface atom on a structure-resolved nanoparticle in a controlled manner, is very exciting yet challenging and has not been hitherto achieved. Herein we report the first realization of the introduction of a single sulfur atom onto the surface of the structure-unraveled Au60 S6 (SCH2 Ph)36 nanoparticle. Single-crystal X-ray crystallography reveals that the as-obtained nanoparticle consists of one Au17 kernel protected by one Au20 S3 (SCH2 Ph)18 and one unprecedented Au23 S4 (SCH2 Ph)18 motif with the introduced sulfur atom included as a tetrahedral-coordinated μ4 -S...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214137/speak-up-increasing-conversational-volume-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Leigh Edgerton, Byron Wine
Deficits in social interactions are a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder. This study examined one relatively uncommon aspect of social interactions that has not received much attention from the literature: appropriate conversational volume. Conversational speech volume was measured using a commercially available application, and a package intervention was developed that consisted of feedback from the voice measuring application, signaling from a wrist bracelet, and differential reinforcement. The intervention was evaluated in an ABAB design and speaking at conversational volume was significantly increased when the intervention was in place and in probe conditions...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128692/coast-cisplatin-ototoxicity-attenuated-by-aspirin-trial-a-phase-ii-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-to-establish-if-aspirin-reduces-cisplatin-induced-hearing-loss
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Simon J Crabb, Karen Martin, Julia Abab, Ian Ratcliffe, Roger Thornton, Ben Lineton, Mary Ellis, Ronald Moody, Louise Stanton, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Tom Maishman, Thomas Geldart, Mike Bayne, Joe Davies, Carolynn Lamb, Sanjay Popat, Johnathan K Joffe, Chris Nutting, John Chester, Andrew Hartley, Gareth Thomas, Christian Ottensmeier, Robert Huddart, Emma King
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is one of the most ototoxic chemotherapy drugs, resulting in a permanent and irreversible hearing loss in up to 50% of patients. Cisplatin and gentamicin are thought to damage hearing through a common mechanism, involving reactive oxygen species in the inner ear. Aspirin has been shown to minimise gentamicin-induced ototoxicity. We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that aspirin could also reduce ototoxicity from cisplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 94 patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for multiple cancer types were recruited into a phase II, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and randomised in a ratio of 1:1 to receive aspirin 975 mg tid and omeprazole 20 mg od, or matched placebos from the day before, to 2 days after, their cisplatin dose(s), for each treatment cycle...
December 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114768/the-effect-of-hand-gesture-cues-within-the-treatment-of-r-for-a-college-aged-adult-with-persisting-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#10
Heather Leavy Rusiewicz, Jessica Lynch Rivera
Purpose: Despite the widespread use of hand movements as visual and kinesthetic cues to facilitate accurate speech produced by individuals with speech sound disorders (SSDs), no experimental investigation of gestural cues that mimic that spatiotemporal parameters of speech sounds (e.g., holding fingers and thumb together and "popping" them to cue /p/) currently exists. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of manual mimicry cues within a multisensory intervention of persisting childhood apraxia of speech (CAS)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068208/well-defined-silanols-in-the-structure-of-the-calcined-high-silica-zeolite-ssz-70-new-understanding-of-a-successful-catalytic-material
#11
Stef Smeets, Zachariah J Berkson, Dan Xie, Stacey I Zones, Wei Wan, Xiaodong Zou, Ming-Feng Hsieh, Bradley F Chmelka, Lynne B McCusker, Christian Baerlocher
The structure of the calcined form of the high-silica zeolite SSZ-70 has been elucidated by combining synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and two-dimensional (2D) dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced NMR techniques. The framework structure of SSZ-70 is a polytype of MWW and can be viewed as a disordered ABC-type stacking of MWW-layers. HRTEM and XRPD simulations show that the stacking sequence is almost random, with each layer being shifted by ±1/3 along the ⟨110⟩ direction with respect to the previous one...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042127/pinitol-alleviates-systemic-inflammatory-cytokines-in-human-obesity-by-a-mechanism-involving-unfolded-protein-response-and-sirtuin-1
#12
Sandra López-Domènech, Celia Bañuls, Aranzazu M de Marañón, Zaida Abab-Jiménez, Carlos Morillas, Segundo Ángel Gómez-Abril, Susana Rovira-Llopis, Víctor Manuel Víctor, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Milagros Rocha
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is known that pinitol acts as a mediator of the insulin-signaling pathway, though little is known about its anti-inflammatory effect in human obesity. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of pinitol on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissues (SAT), focusing on the involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). METHODS: In the intervention study, thirteen obese subjects consumed a pinitol-enriched beverage (PEB) for 12 weeks...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954867/a-crucial-test-of-the-population-separation-model-of-auditory-stream-segregation-in-macaque-primary-auditory-cortex
#13
Yonatan I Fishman, Mimi Kim, Mitchell Steinschneider
An important aspect of auditory scene analysis is auditory stream segregation-the organization of sound sequences into perceptual streams reflecting different sound sources in the environment. Several models have been proposed to account for stream segregation. According to the "population separation" (PS) model, alternating ABAB tone sequences are perceived as a single stream or as two separate streams when "A" and "B" tones activate the same or distinct frequency-tuned neuronal populations in primary auditory cortex (A1), respectively...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633934/the-impact-of-ordinate-scaling-on-the-visual-analysis-of-single-case-data
#14
Evan H Dart, Keith C Radley
Visual analysis is the primary method for detecting the presence of treatment effects in graphically displayed single-case data and it is often referred to as the "gold standard." Although researchers have developed standards for the application of visual analysis (e.g., Horner et al., 2005), over- and underestimation of effect size magnitude is not uncommon among analysts. Several characteristics have been identified as potential contributors to these errors; however, researchers have largely focused on characteristics of the data itself (e...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406666/time-course-of-motor-gains-induced-by-music-supported-therapy-after-stroke-an-exploratory-case-study
#15
Jennifer Grau-Sánchez, Neus Ramos, Esther Duarte, Teppo Särkämö, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that Music-Supported Therapy (MST) can improve the motor function and promote functional neuroplastic changes in motor areas; however, the time course of motor gains across MST sessions and treatment periods remain unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the progression of the rehabilitation of motor deficits in a chronic stroke patient for a period of 7 months. METHOD: A reversal design (ABAB) was implemented in a chronic stroke patient where no treatment was provided in the A periods and MST was applied in the B periods...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383928/effects-of-an-interdependent-group-contingency-on-the-transition-behavior-of-middle-school-students-with-emotional-and-behavioral-disorders
#16
Renee O Hawkins, Todd Haydon, Dacia McCoy, Andrea Howard
An ABAB design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of an interdependent group contingency with randomized components to improve the transition behavior of middle school students identified with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBDs) served in an alternative educational setting. The intervention was implemented by one teacher with three classes of students, and the dependent variable was the percentage of students ready to begin class at the appropriate time. Data revealed significant improvements in student behavior, providing support for implementation of group contingencies for students with EBDs in alternative educational settings and an example of feasible procedures and data collection methods...
April 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229348/brief-report-using-ipads-for-self-monitoring-of-students-with-autism
#17
Joy F Xin, Mary E Sheppard, Michelle Brown
This study examined the effect of using an iPad for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on self-monitoring their behaviors in class. Four students with ASD were taught on-task behaviors by watching self-modeled video saved in the application "Choiceworks" on their iPads, and collected data on their own behaviors. A single subject research design with ABAB phases was used. Student behaviors were observed using interval recording and behavioral occurrences were compared across phases. Results showed that the participating students' on-task behaviors (e...
May 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168157/abab-phthalocyanines-scaffolds-for-building-unprecedented-donor-%C3%AF-acceptor-chromophores
#18
Ettore Fazio, Javier Jaramillo-García, María Medel, Maxence Urbani, Michael Grätzel, Mohammad K Nazeerudin, Gema de la Torre, Tomas Torres
Unique donor-π-acceptor phthalocyanines have been synthesized through the asymmetric functionalization of an ABAB phthalocyanine, crosswise functionalized with two iodine atoms through Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with adequate electron-donor and electron-acceptor moieties. These push-pull molecules have been optically and electrochemically characterized, and their ability to perform as chromophores for dye-sensitized solar cells has been tested.
February 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147594/subjective-perceptual-organization-of-a-complex-auditory-scene
#19
Sabine Thomassen, Alexandra Bendixen
Empirical research on the sequential decomposition of an auditory scene primarily relies on interleaved sound mixtures of only two tone sequences (e.g., ABAB…). This oversimplifies the sound decomposition problem by limiting the number of putative perceptual organizations. The current study used a sound mixture composed of three different tones (ABCABC…) that could be perceptually organized in many different ways. Participants listened to these sequences and reported their subjective perception by continuously choosing one out of 12 visually presented perceptual organization alternatives...
January 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958362/aggregation-and-gelation-of-aromatic-polyamides-with-parallel-and-anti-parallel-alignment-of-molecular-dipole-along-the-backbone
#20
Dan Zhu, Jing Shang, Xiaodong Ye, Jian Shen
The understanding of macromolecular structures and interactions is important but difficult, due to the facts that a macromolecules are of versatile conformations and aggregate states, which vary with environmental conditions and histories. In this work two polyamides with parallel or anti-parallel dipoles along the linear backbone, named as ABAB (parallel) and AABB (anti-parallel) have been studied. By using a combination of methods, the phase behaviors of the polymers during the aggregate and gelation, i.e...
December 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
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