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Zibao Gan, Jishi Chen, Lingwen Liao, Hongwen Zhang, Zhikun Wu
Surface single atom tailoring of gold nanoparticle, that is, adding, removing or replacing one surface atom on a structure-resolved nanoparticle in a controlled manner, is very exciting yet challenging, and has not been hitherto achieved. Herein we report that introducing a single sulfur atom onto the surface of the structure-unraveled Au60S6(SCH2Ph)36 nanoparticle is first realized. Single crystal X-ray crystallography reveals that the as-obtained nanoparticle consists of one Au17 kernel protected by one Au20S3(SCH2Ph)18 and one unprecedented Au23S4(SCH2Ph)18 motif with the introduced sulfur atom included as a tetrahedral-coordinated μ4-S...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Leigh Edgerton, Byron Wine
Deficits in social interactions are a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder. This study examined one relatively uncommon aspect of social interactions that has not received much attention from the literature: appropriate conversational volume. Conversational speech volume was measured using a commercially available application, and a package intervention was developed that consisted of feedback from the voice measuring application, signaling from a wrist bracelet, and differential reinforcement. The intervention was evaluated in an ABAB design and speaking at conversational volume was significantly increased when the intervention was in place and in probe conditions...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Simon J Crabb, Karen Martin, Julia Abab, Ian Ratcliffe, Roger Thornton, Ben Lineton, Mary Ellis, Ronald Moody, Louise Stanton, Angeliki Galanopoulou, Tom Maishman, Thomas Geldart, Mike Bayne, Joe Davies, Carolynn Lamb, Sanjay Popat, Johnathan K Joffe, Chris Nutting, John Chester, Andrew Hartley, Gareth Thomas, Christian Ottensmeier, Robert Huddart, Emma King
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is one of the most ototoxic chemotherapy drugs, resulting in a permanent and irreversible hearing loss in up to 50% of patients. Cisplatin and gentamicin are thought to damage hearing through a common mechanism, involving reactive oxygen species in the inner ear. Aspirin has been shown to minimise gentamicin-induced ototoxicity. We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that aspirin could also reduce ototoxicity from cisplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 94 patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for multiple cancer types were recruited into a phase II, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and randomised in a ratio of 1:1 to receive aspirin 975 mg tid and omeprazole 20 mg od, or matched placebos from the day before, to 2 days after, their cisplatin dose(s), for each treatment cycle...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
Heather Leavy Rusiewicz, Jessica Lynch Rivera
Purpose: Despite the widespread use of hand movements as visual and kinesthetic cues to facilitate accurate speech produced by individuals with speech sound disorders (SSDs), no experimental investigation of gestural cues that mimic that spatiotemporal parameters of speech sounds (e.g., holding fingers and thumb together and "popping" them to cue /p/) currently exists. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of manual mimicry cues within a multisensory intervention of persisting childhood apraxia of speech (CAS)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Stef Smeets, Zachariah J Berkson, Dan Xie, Stacey I Zones, Wei Wan, Xiaodong Zou, Ming-Feng Hsieh, Bradley F Chmelka, Lynne B McCusker, Christian Baerlocher
The structure of the calcined form of the high-silica zeolite SSZ-70 has been elucidated by combining synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and two-dimensional (2D) dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced NMR techniques. The framework structure of SSZ-70 is a polytype of MWW and can be viewed as a disordered ABC-type stacking of MWW-layers. HRTEM and XRPD simulations show that the stacking sequence is almost random, with each layer being shifted by ±1/3 along the ⟨110⟩ direction with respect to the previous one...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Sandra López-Domènech, Celia Bañuls, Aranzazu M de Marañón, Zaida Abab-Jiménez, Carlos Morillas, Segundo Ángel Gómez-Abril, Susana Rovira-Llopis, Víctor Manuel Víctor, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Milagros Rocha
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is known that pinitol acts as a mediator of the insulin-signaling pathway, though little is known about its anti-inflammatory effect in human obesity. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of pinitol on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissues (SAT), focusing on the involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). METHODS: In the intervention study, thirteen obese subjects consumed a pinitol-enriched beverage (PEB) for 12 weeks...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Yonatan I Fishman, Mimi Kim, Mitchell Steinschneider
An important aspect of auditory scene analysis is auditory stream segregation-the organization of sound sequences into perceptual streams reflecting different sound sources in the environment. Several models have been proposed to account for stream segregation. According to the "population separation" (PS) model, alternating ABAB tone sequences are perceived as a single stream or as two separate streams when "A" and "B" tones activate the same or distinct frequency-tuned neuronal populations in primary auditory cortex (A1), respectively...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Evan H Dart, Keith C Radley
Visual analysis is the primary method for detecting the presence of treatment effects in graphically displayed single-case data and it is often referred to as the "gold standard." Although researchers have developed standards for the application of visual analysis (e.g., Horner et al., 2005), over- and underestimation of effect size magnitude is not uncommon among analysts. Several characteristics have been identified as potential contributors to these errors; however, researchers have largely focused on characteristics of the data itself (e...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
Jennifer Grau-Sánchez, Neus Ramos, Esther Duarte, Teppo Särkämö, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that Music-Supported Therapy (MST) can improve the motor function and promote functional neuroplastic changes in motor areas; however, the time course of motor gains across MST sessions and treatment periods remain unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the progression of the rehabilitation of motor deficits in a chronic stroke patient for a period of 7 months. METHOD: A reversal design (ABAB) was implemented in a chronic stroke patient where no treatment was provided in the A periods and MST was applied in the B periods...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
Renee O Hawkins, Todd Haydon, Dacia McCoy, Andrea Howard
An ABAB design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of an interdependent group contingency with randomized components to improve the transition behavior of middle school students identified with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBDs) served in an alternative educational setting. The intervention was implemented by one teacher with three classes of students, and the dependent variable was the percentage of students ready to begin class at the appropriate time. Data revealed significant improvements in student behavior, providing support for implementation of group contingencies for students with EBDs in alternative educational settings and an example of feasible procedures and data collection methods...
April 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
Joy F Xin, Mary E Sheppard, Michelle Brown
This study examined the effect of using an iPad for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on self-monitoring their behaviors in class. Four students with ASD were taught on-task behaviors by watching self-modeled video saved in the application "Choiceworks" on their iPads, and collected data on their own behaviors. A single subject research design with ABAB phases was used. Student behaviors were observed using interval recording and behavioral occurrences were compared across phases. Results showed that the participating students' on-task behaviors (e...
May 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Ettore Fazio, Javier Jaramillo-García, María Medel, Maxence Urbani, Michael Grätzel, Mohammad K Nazeerudin, Gema de la Torre, Tomas Torres
Unique donor-π-acceptor phthalocyanines have been synthesized through the asymmetric functionalization of an ABAB phthalocyanine, crosswise functionalized with two iodine atoms through Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with adequate electron-donor and electron-acceptor moieties. These push-pull molecules have been optically and electrochemically characterized, and their ability to perform as chromophores for dye-sensitized solar cells has been tested.
February 2017: ChemistryOpen
Sabine Thomassen, Alexandra Bendixen
Empirical research on the sequential decomposition of an auditory scene primarily relies on interleaved sound mixtures of only two tone sequences (e.g., ABAB…). This oversimplifies the sound decomposition problem by limiting the number of putative perceptual organizations. The current study used a sound mixture composed of three different tones (ABCABC…) that could be perceptually organized in many different ways. Participants listened to these sequences and reported their subjective perception by continuously choosing one out of 12 visually presented perceptual organization alternatives...
January 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Dan Zhu, Jing Shang, Xiaodong Ye, Jian Shen
The understanding of macromolecular structures and interactions is important but difficult, due to the facts that a macromolecules are of versatile conformations and aggregate states, which vary with environmental conditions and histories. In this work two polyamides with parallel or anti-parallel dipoles along the linear backbone, named as ABAB (parallel) and AABB (anti-parallel) have been studied. By using a combination of methods, the phase behaviors of the polymers during the aggregate and gelation, i.e...
December 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Rongwang Yang, Rong Li, Weijia Gao, Zhengyan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for tic disorders. Atomoxetine (ATX) has been accepted as an alternative medication for patients with ADHD and a comorbid tic disorder. It is rarely reported that tic symptoms are induced by ATX. METHODS: This present report described a boy with ADHD who developed tic symptoms during ATX initiation. We used an ABAB trial to confirm the tics were related to ATX administration...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Lei Geng, Qiang Li, Hongyan Lu, Kai Dai, P Shiv Halasyamani
Three new Sb-based antiferromagnetic oxychlorides: MnSb2O3(OH)Cl (1), FeSb2O3(OH)Cl (2), and CoSb2O3(OH)Cl (3) have been synthesized by using hydrothermal reaction methods. Their crystal structures are isostructural and incorporate two types of structural units: sphenoid SbO4 polyhedra and M2O8Cl2 (M = Mn, Fe, Co) dimers, that share edges forming a two dimensional (2D) MSb2O3(OH)Cl network. The neutral MSb2O3(OH)Cl 2D layers are arranged from ABAB-type for compounds 1 and 2 to AA'B'B-type for 3 with smaller cation radii...
October 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Fabien Gagnon, Patrick Poulin, Jean-Marc Leclerc, Jean-Claude Dessau, Aryan Abab, Pamela Arsenault, Fady El-Turaby, Guillaume Lachance-Paquette, Félix-Antoine Vézina
OBJECTIVES: To invite and support managers of child care centres to measure radon concentrations in their buildings. Their ability to carry out a measurement protocol and communication plan was also evaluated as well as the intention of parents and educators to test for radon at home. PARTICIPANTS: Managers, parents and educators of child care centres. SETTING: 36 child care centres located in two priority investigation areas in Québec. INTERVENTION: A kit containing radon detectors with installation and recovery instructions was shipped by mail in addition to factsheets intended for parents and educators...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Luis C O Dacal, A Cantarero
The existence of polytypism in semiconductor nanostructures gives rise to the appearance of stacking faults which many times can be treated as quantum wells. In some cases, despite of a careful growth, the polytypism can be hardly avoided. In this work, we perform an ab initio study of zincblende stacking faults in a wurtzite InP system, using the supercell approach and taking the limit of low density of narrow stacking faults regions. Our results confirm the type II band alignment between the phases, producing a reliable qualitative description of the band gap evolution along the growth axis...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
L Matthew Law, David A Bulkin, David M Smith
Hippocampal neurons exhibit spatially localized firing patterns that, at the population level, represent a particular environment or context. Many studies have examined how hippocampal neurons switch from an existing representation to a new one when the environment is changed, a process referred to as remapping. New representations were commonly thought to emerge rapidly, within a few minutes and then remain remarkably stable thereafter. However, a number of recent studies suggest that hippocampal representations may be more fluid than previously thought and most of the previous studies only required that subjects switch from a familiar environment to a novel one...
December 2016: Hippocampus
Giulio E Lancioni, Nirbhay Singh, Mark F O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Fiora D'Amico, Francesca Buonocunto, Jorge Navarro, Crocifissa Lanzilotti, Pietro Fiore, Marisa Megna, Sabino Damiani, Riccardo Marvulli
BACKGROUND: Post-coma persons in a minimally conscious state (MCS) and with extensive motor impairment cannot independently access and control environmental stimulation. AIM: Assessing the effects of a microswitch-aided program aimed at helping MCS persons develop responding and stimulation control and conducting a social validation/evaluation of the program. DESIGN: A single-subject ABAB design was used for each participant to determine the impact of the program on his or her responding...
September 1, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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