Read by QxMD icon Read

heart failure AND comorbidities

Andrew S Moon, Walter Smith, Sawyer Mullen, Brent A Ponce, Gerald McGwin, Ashish Shah, Sameer M Naranje
BACKGROUND: The association between marijuana use and surgical procedures is a matter of increasing societal relevance that has not been well studied in the literature. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, as well as to assess associated comorbidities in patients undergoing commonly billed orthopedic surgeries. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2010 to 2014 was used to determine the odds ratios for the associations between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, heart failure (HF), stroke, and cardiac disease (CD) in patients undergoing five common orthopedic procedures: hip (THA), knee (TKA), and shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), spinal fusion, and traumatic femur fracture fixation...
March 20, 2018: Substance Abuse
Marcin Kubik, Alicja Dąbrowska-Kugacka, Ewa Lewicka, Ludmiła Daniłowicz-Szymanowicz, Grzegorz Raczak
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a unique inherited cardiomyopathy, characterized by an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events such as heart failure, arrhythmia or sudden cardiac death. Although in comparison to dilated cardiomyopathy, the number of clinical studies concerning LVNC is still small, it is quickly increasing, which reflects a huge effort of the cardiovascular society to develop data to improve understanding of this cardiomyopathy. However, the predictors of adverse outcomes in LVNC are not well established...
March 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
C Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: Depression is a frequent comorbidity in chronic heart failure. It can be triggered by the experience of suffering from heart disease, but it can also play a causal role in accelerated development and poor prognosis of heart failure. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the interrelationships between heart failure and depression and the psychophysiological and behavioral mechanisms involved in this association. The effects of comorbid depression on quality of life in patients with heart failure were also examined and therapeutic options reviewed...
March 20, 2018: Der Internist
Hiroki Nishiwaki, Takeshi Hasegawa, Megumi Shinji, Fujio Matsuo, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Hirofumi Makino, Fumihiko Koiwa, Akira Hishida
BACKGROUND: The practice patterns of exercise restrictions for patients with chronic kidney disease have not been adequately evaluated yet; thus, we examined them using a cross-sectional design and explored the factors related with those restrictions. METHODS: The Chronic Kidney Disease Japan Cohort study was a multicentre cohort study of Japanese patients (age 20-75 years) living in Japan. We used the information in the questionnaire on the restriction of physical activities offered by physicians to the patients during enrolment...
March 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Yuki Honda, Tetsu Watanabe, Yoichiro Otaki, Harutoshi Tamura, Satoshi Nishiyama, Hiroki Takahashi, Takanori Arimoto, Tetsuro Shishido, Takuya Miyamoto, Yoko Shibata, Isao Kubota
In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), comorbidity of airflow limitation is associated with poor outcomes. The forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) is used to evaluate the severity of airflow limitation. However, the impact of FEV1 severity on prognosis has only been partially elucidated in patients with CHF. In total, 248 consecutive patients with CHF who successfully fulfilled spirometric measurement criteria were enrolled and prospectively followed. Percent predicted FEV1 (FEV1 %predicted) was associated with the New York Heart Association Functional Classification...
March 19, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Raffaele Altara, Fouad A Zouein, Rita Dias Brandão, Saeed N Bajestani, Alessandro Cataliotti, George W Booz
Standard therapies for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have been unsuccessful, demonstrating that the contribution of the underlying diastolic dysfunction pathophysiology differs from that of systolic dysfunction in heart failure and currently is far from being understood. Complicating the investigation of HFpEF is the contribution of several comorbidities. Here, we selected three established rat models of diastolic dysfunction defined by three major risk factors associated with HFpEF and researched their commonalities and differences...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Nikhil Satchidanand, Timothy J Servoss, Ranjit Singh, Angela M Bosinski, Penny Tirpak, Linda L Horton, Bruce J Naughton
BACKGROUND: Early, data-driven discussion surrounding palliative care can improve care delivery and patient experience. OBJECTIVE: To develop a 30-day mortality prediction tool for older patients in intensive care unit (ICU) with pneumonia that will initiate palliative care earlier in hospital course. DESIGN: Retrospective Electronic Health Record (EHR) review. SETTING: Four urban and suburban hospitals in a Western New York hospital system...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Tristan Pascart, Frédéric Lioté
This review article summarizes the relevant English literature on gout from 2010 through April 2017. It emphasizes that the current epidemiology of gout indicates a rising prevalence worldwide, not only in Western countries but also in Southeast Asia, in close relationship with the obesity and metabolic syndrome epidemics. New pathogenic mechanisms of chronic hyperuricaemia focus on the gut (microbiota, ABCG2 expression) after the kidney. Cardiovascular and renal comorbidities are the key points to consider in terms of management...
March 13, 2018: Rheumatology
Cristina Aurigemma, Francesco Burzotta, Giulio Russo, Leonardo Previ, Carlo Trani
The Completeness of Revascularization in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) remains an unanswered question. Despite 20 years of investigation there are still major doubts in this topic, reaching as far as to the lack of a standardized definition. The employment of different definition and the multiplicity of confounding variables that in general favor patients who receive a complete revascularization (CR) are the reason of difficult comparisons between studies. The complexity of coronary anatomy diseases and the clinical features play important role in the revascularization strategy...
March 15, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Atsushi Hirayama, Tadahiro Goto, Yuichi J Shimada, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Obesity and heart failure (HF) are important public health problems in the United States. Although studies have reported the association between obesity and higher chronic morbidity of HF, little is known about the relations of obesity with severity of HF exacerbation and in-hospital mortality; therefore, we aimed to investigate the associations of obesity with severity of HF exacerbation and in-hospital mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective cohort study of adults hospitalized for HF exacerbation used population-based data sets (the State Inpatient Databases) of 7 US states from 2012 to 2013...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
S Arques
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Conceptually, endothelial dysfunction, inflammatory status and oxidative stress are at the forefront in the onset and development of most cardiovascular diseases, particularly coronary artery disease and heart failure. Serum albumin, the most abundant plasma protein, has many physiological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiplatelet aggregation activity. It also plays an essential role in the fluid exchange across the capillary membrane...
March 12, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Paola Gilsanz, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, Jason Flatt, M Maria Glymour, Charles P Quesenberry, Rachel A Whitmer
BACKGROUND: Poor pulmonary function (PPF) is associated with increased risk of dementia, yet it is unclear if PPF in early adulthood to midlife increases risk, independent of smoking and subsequent vascular disease. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the association between multiple markers of PPF in early adulthood to midlife and long-term risk of dementia. METHODS: We evaluated 27,387 members of an integrated health care system with forced expiratory volume in 1, 2 seconds, and vital capacity collected from 1964 to 1973 (mean age=41...
March 14, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Kenichi Matsushita, Kazumasa Harada, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Takamichi Miyamoto, Kiyoshi Iida, Shuzou Tanimoto, Mayuko Yagawa, Makoto Takei, Yuji Nagatomo, Toru Hosoda, Hideaki Yoshino, Takeshi Yamamoto, Ken Nagao, Morimasa Takayama
The relationship between glycemic control and outcome in patients with heart failure (HF) remains contentious. A recent study showed that patients with HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) more frequently had comorbid diabetes relative to other patients. Herein, we examined the association between glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and in-hospital mortality in acute HF patients with reduced, mid-range, and preserved EF. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted on 5205 consecutive patients with acute HF...
March 14, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Claire E Raphael, Mandeep Singh, Malcolm Bell, Daniel Crusan, Ryan J Lennon, Amir Lerman, Abhiram Prasad, Charanjit S Rihal, Bernard J Gersh, Rajiv Gulati
BACKGROUND: Women have higher rates of all-cause mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention. Whether this is because of greater age and comorbidity burden or a sex-specific factor remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively assessed cause-specific long-term mortality after index percutaneous coronary intervention over 3 time periods (1991-1997, 1998-2005, and 2006-2012). Cause of death was determined using telephone interviews, medical records, and death certificates...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Juliano Novaes Cardoso, Carlos Henrique Del Carlo, Mucio Tavares de Oliveira Junior, Marcelo Eidi Ochiai, Roberto Kalil Filho, Antônio Carlos Pereira Barretto
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome, whose advanced forms have a poor prognosis, which is aggravated by the presence of comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of infection in patients with decompensated HF admitted to a tertiary university-affiliated hospital in the city of São Paulo. METHODS: This study assessed 260 patients consecutively admitted to our unit because of decompensated HF. The presence of infection and other morbidities was assessed, as were in-hospital mortality and outcome after discharge...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Volha Dziadzko, Marie-Annick Clavel, Mikhail Dziadzko, Jose R Medina-Inojosa, Hector Michelena, Joseph Maalouf, Vuyisile Nkomo, Prabin Thapa, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation is the most common valve disease worldwide but whether the community-wide prevalence, poor patient outcomes, and low rates of surgical treatment justify costly development of new therapeutic interventions remains uncertain. Therefore, we did an observational cohort study to assess the clinical characteristics, outcomes, and degree of undertreatment of mitral regurgitation in a community setting. METHODS: We used data from Mayo Clinic electronic health records and the Rochester Epidemiology Project to identify all cases of moderate or severe isolated single-valvular mitral regurgitation (with no other severe left-sided valvular disease or previous mitral surgery) diagnosed during a 10-year period in the community setting in Olmsted County (MN, USA)...
March 10, 2018: Lancet
Saroj Neupane, Sushruth Edla, Eesha Maidona, Matthew C Sweet, Susan Szpunar, Thomas Davis, Thomas A LaLonde, Rajendra H Mehta, Howard S Rosman, Hiroshi Yamasaki
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of diabetes mellitus (DM) with clinical and angiographic characteristics and outcomes of patients with popliteal and infrapopliteal peripheral arterial disease (PAD) undergoing peripheral vascular intervention (PVI). BACKGROUND: Clinical features and outcomes in patients with DM and popliteal or infrapopliteal PAD undergoing PVI are not well described. METHODS: Using the data from the laser in popliteal and infrapopliteal stenosis study, we retrospectively examined the association of diabetes with clinical and angiographic characteristics and risk adjusted short- and intermediate term outcomes (all cause death, major adverse events (MAE) [composite of death, ipsilateral major amputation, or repeat revascularization]) in patients with popliteal and infrapopliteal PAD undergoing PVI for critical limb ischemia treated either with laser-assisted balloon angioplasty or balloon angioplasty alone...
March 14, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
L Li, Q Mo, T Mo, Y Liu, J L Tian, Z Wan
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and pharmaceutical therapy of elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods: Using the multi-center retrospective cross-sectional survey, we analyzed 1 799 hospitalized patients with CHF as the main cause and NYHA heart function classification Ⅱ-Ⅳ from nine tertiary hospitals of Tianjin during March 2014 to February 2016. According to age, we divided them into non- elderly group(age<65 years), normal elderly group (age ≥65-79 years), and the old elderly group(age≥80 years)...
March 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Patrick R Wood, Evan Manning, Joshua F Baker, Bryant England, Lisa Davis, Grant W Cannon, Ted R Mikuls, Liron Caplan
AIM: To determine the scope of acute hypoglycemic effects for certain anti-rheumatic medications in a large retrospective observational study. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Rheumatoid Arthritis (VARA) registry were selected who, during follow-up, initiated treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi's, including etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab, golimumab, or certolizumab), prednisone, or conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and for whom proximate random blood glucose (RBG) measurements were available within a window 2-wk prior to, and 6 mo following, medication initiation...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
Baqar A Husaini, Deborah Taira, Keith Norris, S Vivek Adhish, Majaz Moonis, Robert Levine
Background: Depression often interferes with self-management and treatment of medical conditions. This may result in serious medical complications and escalated health-care cost. Objectives: Study distribution of heart failure (HF) cases estimates the prevalence of depression and its effects on HF-related hospital costs by ethnicity and gender. Methods: Secondary data files of California Hospital Discharge System for he year 2010 were examined...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"