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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217904/comparison-of-the-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-and-open-resections-for-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-with-a-history-of-prior-median-laparotomy
#1
Young Wan Kim, Ik Yong Kim
This study aimed to investigate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic resection in comparison with those of open resection for colorectal cancer in patients with a history of prior median laparotomy (PML). Eighty-seven consecutive patients (87/1121, 7.8 %) with a history of PML who underwent major colorectal cancer resection were enrolled (laparoscopy, n = 40; open, n = 47). The conversion rate to open surgery was 25 % (n = 10). The laparoscopy group had a higher proportion of female patients (57...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201968/clinicopathologic-study-of-intra-osseous-lesions-of-the-jaws-in-southern-iranian-population
#2
Zohreh Jaafari-Ashkavandi, Behrooz Akbari
Statement of the Problem: It is necessary for surgeons and practitioners to know about relative incidence and clinicopathologic features of lesions for accurate diagnosis and approach of pathologic lesions. Data are limited about overall incidence of intra-osseous lesions of the jaws in Iranian patients. Purpose: This study evaluated the clinicopathologic features of intra- osseous lesions of the jaws in an Iranian population, in a 22-year period. Materials and Method: In this cross- sectional retrospective analytical study, 4500 specimens in a 22- year period were reviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112363/green-fabrication-of-ultrathin-co3o4-nanosheets-from-metal-organic-framework-for-robust-high-rate-supercapacitors
#3
Zhenyu Xiao, Lili Fan, Ben Xu, Shanqing Zhang, Wenpei Kang, Zixi Kang, Huan Lin, Xiuping Liu, Shiyu Zhang, Daofeng Sun
Two-dimensional Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) is a promising candidate for high performance and robust electrochemical capacitors. Herein, we use 2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-1,4- diisophthalate as a recyclable ligand to construct a Co-based metal-organic framework of UPC-9, and subsequently, we obtain ultrathin hierarchical Co3O4 hexagonal nanosheets with a thickness of 3.5 nm through a hydrolysis and calcination process. A remarkable and excellent specific capacitance of 1121 F∙g-1 at a current density of 1 A∙g-1 and 873 F∙g-1 at a current density of 25 A∙g-1 were achieved for the as-prepared asymmetric supercapacitor, which can be attributed to the ultrathin 2D morphology and the resultant rich macroporous and mesoporous structures of the ultrathin Co3O4 nanosheets...
November 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107580/awareness-of-blood-group-and-blood-donation-among-medical-students
#4
Olga Ciepiela, Anna Jaworska, Dominika Łacheta, Natalia Falkowska, Katarzyna Popko, Urszula Demkow
BACKGROUND: Transfusion of blood-derived products is often used as a life-saving treatment, and being a blood donor should be common, especially among medical professionals. Thus, an awareness of one's own blood type in medical students should be common. Our aim was to assess if students of the Medical University of Warsaw know their blood type and how many of them are registered blood donors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey was conducted in a group of 1121 students...
October 18, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071392/a-transcriptome-snp-derived-linkage-map-of-apios-americana-potato-bean-provides-insights-about-genome-re-organization-and-synteny-conservation-in-the-phaseoloid-legumes
#5
Jugpreet Singh, Scott R Kalberer, Vikas Belamkar, Teshale Assefa, Matthew N Nelson, Andrew D Farmer, William J Blackmon, Steven B Cannon
We report a linkage map for Apios americana and describe synteny with selected warm-season legumes. A translocation event in common bean and soybean is confirmed against Apios and Vigna species. Apios (Apios americana; "apios"), a tuberous perennial legume in the Phaseoleae tribe, was widely used as a food by Native Americans. Work in the last 40 years has led to several improved breeding lines. Aspects of the pollination biology (complex floral structure and tripping mechanism) have made controlled crosses difficult, and the previous reports indicated that the plant is likely primarily an outcrosser...
October 25, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020506/potential-application-of-immobilized-streptokinase-extracted-from-streptococcus-equinus-vit_vb2
#6
B Vaishnavi, C Subathra Devi
Streptokinase purified from Streptococcus equinus VIT_VB2 isolated from bovine milk sample was immobilized in various solid supports namely entrapment in agarose gel, calcium alginate beads and gelatin gel by crosslinking with formaldehyde. Immobilization of streptokinase in calcium alginate beads showed maximum efficiency (81.8 ± 1.06%) when compared to entrapment with agarose gel (55.6 ± 2.17%) and cross-linked gelatin formaldehyde gel (71.0 ± 1.54%). The purified SK activity was expressed maximum in calcium alginate (1%) and gelatin gel (0...
October 11, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988641/sex-dependent-effects-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-the-revascularization-rate-in-mid-term-follow-up-of-young-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Masoumeh Lotfi-Tokaldany, Seyed Hesameddinn Abbasi, Abbasali Karimi, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Tahereh Davarpasand, Arash Jalali, Saeed Sadeghian
AIMS: We investigated the association between Type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and the need for revascularization at a 5-year follow-up of young coronary artery disease patients and the role of sex in this regard. METHODS: Among 1121 young (males≤45, and females≤55years) patients (female: 49.7%) from Tehran Heart Center's Premature Coronary Atherosclerosis Cohort, 371(33.1%) had diabetes prior to angiography. Revascularization was considered as either percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985881/discontinuous-insurance-coverage-predicts-prolonged-hospital-stay-after-pediatric-adenotonsillectomy
#8
Dmitry Tumin, Adele King, Hina Walia, Joseph D Tobias, Vidya T Raman
BACKGROUND: Changes in health insurance coverage have been implicated in limiting access to care and increasing morbidity risk. The consequences of insurance discontinuity for surgical outcomes are unclear. In this study, we explored whether recent insurance discontinuity was associated with prolonged inpatient hospitalization after adenotonsillectomy in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated single-center data on children aged 2-18 y undergoing adenotonsillectomy with overnight stay in 2009-2014...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939988/frozen-embryo-transfer-can-be-performed-in-the-cycle-immediately-following-the-freeze-all-cycle
#9
Kemal Ozgur, Hasan Bulut, Murat Berkkanoglu, Peter Humaidan, Kevin Coetzee
PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated whether the time interval between oocyte retrieval and frozen embryo transfer (FET) affected the live birth (LB) rates of human segmented-IVF cycles. METHOD: A total of 1338 ICSI freeze-all cycles were performed between February 2015 and January 2016, with 1121 FET cycles being retrospectively analyzed. All vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfers were performed in artificial FET cycles, using gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist downregulation and oral estrogen endometrial preparation...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933612/do-virtual-reality-games-improve-mobility-skills-and-balance-measurements-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Silvia Gr Neri, Jefferson R Cardoso, Lorena Cruz, Ricardo M Lima, Ricardo J de Oliveira, Maura D Iversen, Rodrigo L Carregaro
OBJECTIVE: To summarize evidence on the effectiveness of virtual reality games and conventional therapy or no-intervention for fall prevention in the elderly. DATA SOURCES: An electronic data search (last searched December 2016) was performed on 10 databases (Web of Science, EMBASE, PUBMED, CINAHL, LILACS, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane Library, Scopus, SciELO, PEDro) and retained only randomized controlled trials. REVIEW METHOD: Sample characteristics and intervention parameters were compared, focusing on clinical homogeneity of demographic characteristics, type/duration of interventions, outcomes (balance, reaction time, mobility, lower limb strength and fear of falling) and low risk of bias...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902116/adding-whole-body-vibration-to-preconditioning-squat-exercise-increases-cycling-sprint-performance
#11
Sébastien Duc, Bent R Rønnestad, William Bertucci
This study investigated the effect of performing a preconditioning exercise with or without whole-body vibration (WBV) on a subsequent cycling sprint performance. Fourteen trained subjects performed two separate test sessions in randomized order. After a warm-up, the preconditioning exercise (body-loaded half squats) was applied: 30-seconds of half-squats with WBV (40 Hz, 2 mm) or 30-seconds of half-squats without WBV with a 10-second all-out sprint performed after one minute. Surface electromyography (EMG) was measured from the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and gastrocnemius medialis during the sprints...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898386/pancreaticojejunostomy-versus-pancreaticogastrostomy-reconstruction-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#12
REVIEW
Yao Cheng, Marta Briarava, Mingliang Lai, Xiaomei Wang, Bing Tu, Nansheng Cheng, Jianping Gong, Yuhong Yuan, Pierluigi Pilati, Simone Mocellin
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a surgical procedure used to treat diseases of the pancreatic head and, less often, the duodenum. The most common disease treated is cancer, but pancreatoduodenectomy is also used for people with traumatic lesions and chronic pancreatitis. Following pancreatoduodenectomy, the pancreatic stump must be connected with the small bowel where pancreatic juice can play its role in food digestion. Pancreatojejunostomy (PJ) and pancreatogastrostomy (PG) are surgical procedures commonly used to reconstruct the pancreatic stump after pancreatoduodenectomy...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886182/toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-varies-by-cat-breed
#13
Kärt Must, Marjo K Hytönen, Toomas Orro, Hannes Lohi, Pikka Jokelainen
Toxoplasma gondii is a widespread zoonotic parasite that is relevant for veterinary and public health. The domestic cat, the definitive host species with the largest worldwide population, has become evolutionarily and epidemiologically the most important host of T. gondii. The outcome of T. gondii infection is influenced by congenital and acquired host characteristics. We detected differences in T. gondii seroprevalence by cat breed in our previous studies. The aims of this study were to estimate T. gondii seroprevalence in selected domestic cat breeds, and to evaluate whether being of a certain breed is associated with T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826451/diagnostic-accuracy-of-c-reactive-protein-for-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-meta-analysis
#14
C Yoon, L H Chaisson, S M Patel, I E Allen, P K Drain, D Wilson, A Cattamanchi
SETTING: Systematic screening for active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is recommended for high-risk populations, including people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV); however, currently recommended TB screening tools are inadequate for most high-burden settings. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether C-reactive protein (CRP) possesses the necessary test characteristics to screen individuals for active PTB. DESIGN: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of CRP (10 mg/l cut-off point) for culture-positive PTB...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811489/high-temperature-stress-during-flowering-and-grain-filling-offsets-beneficial-impact-of-elevated-co2-on-assimilate-partitioning-and-sink-strength-in-rice
#15
Ashish K Chaturvedi, Rajeev N Bahuguna, Divya Shah, Madan Pal, S V Krishna Jagadish
Elevated [CO2] (e[CO2]) environments have been predicted to improve rice yields under future climate. However, a concomitant rise in temperature could negate e[CO2] impact on plants, presenting a serious challenge for crop improvement. High temperature (HT) stress tolerant NL-44 and high yielding basmati Pusa 1121 rice cultivars, were exposed to e[CO2] (from panicle initiation to maturity) and a combination of e[CO2] + HT (from heading to maturity) using field based open top chambers. Elevated [CO2] significantly increased photosynthesis, seed-set, panicle weight and grain weight across both cultivars, more prominently with Pusa 1121...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764479/analyzing-dialect-variation-in-historical-speech-corpora
#16
Margaret E L Renwick, Rachel M Olsen
The Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf States is an extensive audio corpus of sociolinguistic interviews with 1121 speakers from eight southeastern U.S. states. Complete interviews have never been fully transcribed, leaving a wealth of phonetic information unexplored. This paper details methods for large-scale acoustic analysis of this historical speech corpus, providing a fuller picture of Southern speech than offered by previous impressionistic analyses. Interviews from 10 speakers (∼36 h) in southeast Georgia were transcribed and analyzed for dialectal features associated with the Southern Vowel Shift and African American Vowel Shift, also considering the effects of age, gender, and race...
July 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756647/mid-urethral-sling-operations-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#17
REVIEW
Abigail A Ford, Lynne Rogerson, June D Cody, Patricia Aluko, Joseph A Ogah
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a very common and debilitating problem affecting about 50% of women at some point in their lives. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a predominant cause in 30% to 80% of these women imposing significant health and economic burden on society and the women affected. Mid-urethral sling (MUS) operations are a recognised minimally invasive surgical treatment for SUI. MUS involves the passage of a small strip of tape through either the retropubic or obturator space, with entry or exit points at the lower abdomen or groin, respectively...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737018/increased-myocardial-native-t1-relaxation-time-in-patients-with-nonischemic-dilated-cardiomyopathy-with-complex-ventricular-arrhythmia
#18
Shiro Nakamori, An H Bui, Jihye Jang, Hossam A El-Rewaidy, Shingo Kato, Long H Ngo, Mark E Josephson, Warren J Manning, Reza Nezafat
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between diffuse myocardial fibrosis and complex ventricular arrhythmias (ComVA) in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NICM). We hypothesized that NICM patients with ComVA would have a higher native myocardial T1 time, suggesting more extensive myocardial diffuse fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled NICM patients with a history of ComVA (n = 50) and age-matched NICM patients without ComVA (n = 57)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680934/improving-rational-thermal-comfort-prediction-by-using-subpopulation-characteristics-a-case-study-at-hermitage-amsterdam
#19
Rick Kramer, Lisje Schellen, Henk Schellen, Boris Kingma
This study aims to improve the prediction accuracy of the rational standard thermal comfort model, known as the Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model, by (1) calibrating one of its input variables "metabolic rate," and (2) extending it by explicitly incorporating the variable running mean outdoor temperature (RMOT) that relates to adaptive thermal comfort. The analysis was performed with survey data (n = 1121) and climate measurements of the indoor and outdoor environment from a one year-long case study undertaken at Hermitage Amsterdam museum in the Netherlands...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674415/mboat7-rs641738-variant-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-non-cirrhotic-individuals
#20
Benedetta Donati, Paola Dongiovanni, Stefano Romeo, Marica Meroni, Misti McCain, Luca Miele, Salvatore Petta, Silvia Maier, Chiara Rosso, Laura De Luca, Ester Vanni, Stefania Grimaudo, Renato Romagnoli, Fabio Colli, Flaminia Ferri, Rosellina Margherita Mancina, Paula Iruzubieta, Antonio Craxi, Anna Ludovica Fracanzani, Antonio Grieco, Stefano Ginanni Corradini, Alessio Aghemo, Massimo Colombo, Giorgio Soardo, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Helen Reeves, Quentin M Anstee, Silvia Fargion, Luca Valenti
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents an emerging cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially in non-cirrhotic individuals. The rs641738 C > T MBOAT7/TMC4 variant predisposes to progressive NAFLD, but the impact on hepatic carcinogenesis is unknown. In Italian NAFLD patients, the rs641738 T allele was associated with NAFLD-HCC (OR 1.65, 1.08-2.55; n = 765), particularly in those without advanced fibrosis (p < 0.001). The risk T allele was linked to 3'-UTR variation in MBOAT7 and to reduced MBOAT7 expression in patients without severe fibrosis...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
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