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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899123/a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-investigation-of-visual-hallucinations-in-the-human-striate-cortex
#1
Hina Abid, Fayyaz Ahmad, Soo Y Lee, Hyun W Park, Dongmi Im, Iftikhar Ahmad, Safee U Chaudhary
PURPOSE: Human beings frequently experience fear, phobia, migraine and hallucinations, however, the cerebral mechanisms underpinning these conditions remain poorly understood. Towards this goal, in this work, we aim to correlate the human ocular perceptions with visual hallucinations, and map them to their cerebral origins. METHODS: An fMRI study was performed to examine the visual cortical areas including the striate, parastriate and peristriate cortex in the occipital lobe of the human brain...
November 29, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857219/empirically-testing-vaterite-structural-models-using-neutron-diffraction-and-thermal-analysis
#2
Bryan C Chakoumakos, Brenda M Pracheil, Ryan P Koenigs, Ronald M Bruch, Mikhail Feygenson
Otoliths, calcium carbonate (CaCO3) ear bones, are among the most commonly used age and growth structures of fishes. Most fish otoliths are comprised of the most dense CaCO3 polymorph, aragonite. Sturgeon otoliths, in contrast, have been characterized as the rare and structurally enigmatic polymorph, vaterite-a metastable polymorph of CaCO3. Vaterite is an important material ranging from biomedical to personal care applications although its crystal structure is highly debated. We characterized the structure of Lake Sturgeon otoliths using thermal analysis and neutron powder diffraction, which is used non-destructively...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855478/interventions-for-treating-burning-mouth-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Roddy McMillan, Heli Forssell, John Ag Buchanan, Anne-Marie Glenny, Jo C Weldon, Joanna M Zakrzewska
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a term used for oral mucosal pain (burning pain or discomfort in the tongue, lips or entire oral cavity) without identifiable cause. General population prevalence varies from 0.1% to 3.9%. Many BMS patients indicate anxiety, depression, personality disorders and impaired quality of life (QoL). This review updates the previous versions published in 2000 and 2005. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of any intervention versus placebo for symptom relief and changes in QoL, taste, and feeling of dryness in people with BMS...
November 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850758/1121-to-prone-or-not-to-prone-the-adult-vv-ecmo-patient-is-it-safe-that-is-the-question
#4
Kate Dolly, Maria Madden, Ray Rector, Tina Wright, Amber Pyzik, Ali Tabatabai, Daniel Herr, Jay Menaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834695/genome-sequences-of-malonate-positive-cronobacter-sakazakii-serogroup-o-2-sequence-type-64-strains-cdc-1121-73-and-gk1025-isolated-from-human-bronchial-wash-and-a-powdered-infant-formula-manufacturing-plant
#5
H R Chase, G R Gopinath, J Gangiredla, I R Patel, M H Kothary, L Carter, V Sathyamoorthy, B Lee, E Park, Y J Yoo, T J Chung, H Choi, S Jun, J Park, S Jeong, M Kim, F Reich, G Klein, B D Tall
We introduce draft genome sequences of strains CDC1121-73 (human bronchial wash isolate) and GK1025 (powdered infant formula manufacturing facility isolate), which are both malonate-positive Cronobacter sakazakii serogroup O:2, sequence type 64. Assemblies for these strains have sizes of 4,442,307 and 4,599,266 bp and % G+C contents of 56.9 and 56.7, respectively.
November 10, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833404/transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-plus-131-i-labelled-metuximab-versus-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-alone-in-intermediate-advanced-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ze-Xin Zhu, Ming-Heng Liao, Xiao-Xue Wang, Ji-Wei Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus (131)I-labelled metuximab with TACE alone for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Chinese BioMedical Literature Database with published date from the earliest to February 29th, 2016. No language restrictions were applied, but only prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or non-RCTs were eligible for a full-text review...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754117/os-23-04-a-novel-hormone-therapy-drospirenone-with-estradiol-for-hypertensive-postmenopausal-women-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Xu Zhao, Jing Yu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a novel hormone therapy, drospirenone combined with 17-β-estradiol (DRSP/E2) in postmenopausal hypertensive women. DESIGN AND METHOD: A systemic literature search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science (up to Oct. 2015) was performed. Studies were screened independently by two researchers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria which included only the randomized controlled trials (RCT) about the drospirenone with 17-β-estradiol for postmenopausal women with hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736935/chemical-compensation-of-mitochondrial-phospholipid-depletion-in-yeast-and-animal-models-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Shaoxiao Wang, Siyuan Zhang, Chuan Xu, Addie Barron, Floyd Galiano, Dhaval Patel, Yong Joo Lee, Guy A Caldwell, Kim A Caldwell, Stephan N Witt
We have been investigating the role that phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) content plays in modulating the solubility of the Parkinson's disease protein alpha-synuclein (α-syn) using Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Caenorhabditis elegans. One enzyme that synthesizes PE is the conserved enzyme phosphatidylserine decarboxylase (Psd1/yeast; PSD-1/worms), which is lodged in the inner mitochondrial membrane. We previously found that decreasing the level of PE due to knockdown of Psd1/psd-1 affects the homeostasis of α-syn in vivo...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722805/role-of-computed-tomography-at-a-cancer-center-emergency-department
#9
Jessyca Couto Otoni, Julia Noschang, Thábata Yaedu Okamoto, Diego Rosseman Vieira, Michel Souto Mayor Petry, Lucas de Araujo Ramos, Paula Nicole Vieira Pinto Barbosa, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt, Rubens Chojniak
To evaluate the imaging methods used at the emergency department (ED) of a cancer center, with emphasis on computed tomography (CT). A descriptive, retrospective, single-center study was conducted by reviewing imaging exams and medical records, after approval of the institution's Ethics Review Board. The demographic data, cancer history, and imaging exam requested were evaluated for all patients and the indications and results of head, chest, and abdominopelvic CT scans were also evaluated. During the study period, there were 8710 visits to the ED, and 5999 imaging studies were requested in 3788 patients (43...
October 8, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679852/the-relationship-of-novel-plasma-proteins-in-the-early-neonatal-period-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#10
Anne M Lynch, Brandie D Wagner, Naresh Mandava, Alan G Palestine, Peter M Mourani, Emily A McCourt, Scott C N Oliver, Steven H Abman
Purpose: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vision-threatening disease associated with abnormal retinal vascular development. Proteins from the insulin-like growth factor pathway are related to ROP. However, there is a paucity of research on the role of other proteins in ROP. The aim of this study was to identify plasma proteins related to clinically significant ROP. Methods: We measured 1121 plasma proteins in the early neonatal period in infants at risk for ROP using an aptamer-based proteomic technology...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643044/os-23-04-a-novel-hormone-therapy-drospirenone-with-estradiol-for-hypertensive-postmenopausal-women-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Xu Zhao, Jing Yu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a novel hormone therapy, drospirenone combined with 17-β-estradiol (DRSP/E2) in postmenopausal hypertensive women. DESIGN AND METHOD: A systemic literature search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science (up to Oct. 2015) was performed. Studies were screened independently by two researchers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria which included only the randomized controlled trials (RCT) about the drospirenone with 17-β-estradiol for postmenopausal women with hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640174/method-for-organically-bound-tritium-analysis-from-sediment-using-a-combustion-bomb
#12
I Vagner, C Varlam, I Faurescu, D Faurescu, D Bogdan, F Bucura
The method consisted in combustion, using a Parr bomb type 1121, of a sediment - tritium free promoter mixture. The proper ratio sediment to promoter in our experiments was between 1:3 and 1:2, higher ratio resulting in unreliable results, due to incomplete combustion of the sample. The described method was used to measure the estuarine sediment sample from the 2nd International OBT Intercomparison Exercise, the average reported value being 163±12Bqkg(-1) dry matter (k=2).
September 9, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639847/safety-efficacy-and-pharmacokinetic-evaluations-of-a-new-coated-chloroquine-tablet-in-a-single-arm-open-label-non-comparative-trial-in-brazil-a-step-towards-a-user-friendly-malaria-vivax-treatment
#13
Dhelio Pereira, André Daher, Graziela Zanini, Ivan Maia, Lais Fonseca, Luciana Pitta, Rosilene Ruffato, Paola Marchesini, Cor Jesus Fontes
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major public health problem, with half the world population at risk of contracting malaria. The effects of Plasmodium vivax on prosperity and longevity have been highlighted in several recent clinical case reports. The first line of vivax treatment drugs has seen no radical innovation for more than 60 years. This study introduces a subtle incremental innovation to vivax treatment: a chloroquine and primaquine co-blister. The co-blister includes a new chloroquine formulation incorporating coated tablets to mask the drug's bitter taste and user-friendly packaging containing tablets of each drug, which may improve patient adherence and facilitate the appropriate use of the drugs...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620639/mapping-quantitative-trait-loci-responsible-for-resistance-to-bakanae-disease-in-rice
#14
R Abdul Fiyaz, Ashutosh K Yadav, S Gopala Krishnan, Ranjith K Ellur, Bishnu M Bashyal, Nitasha Grover, Prolay K Bhowmick, M Nagarajan, K K Vinod, Nagendra K Singh, Kumble V Prabhu, Ashok K Singh
BACKGROUND: Bakanae or foot rot disease caused by Fusarium fujikuroi [teleomorph: Gibberella fujikuroi (Sawada) Ito] is emerging as a serious disease in rice. The disease causes both quantitative and qualitative losses to the grains under the field conditions. Breeding for resistance to Bakanae disease is a promising strategy to manage this emerging disease. In this study, we used a population of 168 F14 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from two indica rice parents Pusa 1342, a highly resistant variety and Pusa Basmati 1121, a highly susceptible variety to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) governing resistance against Bakanae disease...
December 2016: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604594/multiple-tumor-excisions-in-ipsilateral-kidney-increase-complications-after-partial-nephrectomy
#15
Matthew J Maurice, Daniel Ramirez, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Önder Kara, Ercan Malkoç, Jihad H Kaouk
INTRODUCTION: The surgical morbidity of ipsilateral synchronous multifocality (ISM) is poorly characterized. We assessed the impact of ISM on complications after robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We abstracted data on RPN cases performed between 2006 and 2015 at our institution. Multifocal disease was characterized by >1 renal mass on preoperative imaging or >1 mass excision during RPN. The primary outcome was the rate of overall postoperative complications...
November 2016: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602976/online-survey-of-us-dermatologists-sunscreen-opinions-perceptions-recommendation-factors-and-self-usage
#16
Aaron S Farberg, Adam C Rigel, Darrell S Rigel
The American Academy of Dermatology and dermatologists' themselves, have recommended public education and patient counseling regarding sunscreen. The purpose of this study was to determine US dermatologists' actual sunscreen perceptions as well as their recommendations and personal usage. 540 practicing US dermatologists responded to an online survey that assessed each physician's perception of safety and efficacy of sunscreen, recommendation factors, and personal usage. Dermatologists have an overall positive view of sunscreen...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584277/perceptual-effort-and-metabolic-cost-of-walking-in-old-and-young-adults-1121-board-4-june-1-3-15-pm-5-15-pm
#17
Duane B Corbett, Amal Wanigatunga, Vincenzo Valiani, Eileen Handberg, Christopher Janelle, Todd M Manini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581489/growing-inequities-in-maternal-health-in-south-africa-a-comparison-of-serial-national-household-surveys
#18
Njeri Wabiri, Matthew Chersich, Olive Shisana, Duane Blaauw, Helen Rees, Ntabozuko Dwane
BACKGROUND: Rates of maternal mortality and morbidity vary markedly, both between and within countries. Documenting these variations, in a very unequal society like South Africa, provides useful information to direct initiatives to improve services. The study describes inequalities over time in access to maternal health services in South Africa, and identifies differences in maternal health outcomes between population groups and across geographical areas. METHODS: Data were analysed from serial population-level household surveys that applied multistage-stratified sampling...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580144/maximal-fat-oxidation-rates-in-an-athletic-population
#19
Rebecca K Randell, Ian Rollo, Timothy J Roberts, Kortney Dalrymple, Asker E Jeukendrup, James M Carter
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to describe maximal fat oxidation (MFO) rates in an athletic population. METHOD: In total, 1121 athletes (933 males, 188 females), from a variety of sports and competitive level, undertook a graded exercise test on a treadmill in a fasted state (≥5 h fasted). Rates of fat oxidation were determined using indirect calorimetry. RESULTS: Average MFO was 0.59 ± 0.18 g[BULLET OPERATOR]min, ranging from 0...
August 29, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577072/associations-of-genotypes-and-haplotypes-of-il-17-with-risk-of-gastric-cancer-in-an-eastern-chinese-population
#20
Fei Zhou, Li-Xin Qiu, Lei Cheng, Meng-Yun Wang, Jin Li, Meng-Hong Sun, Ya-Jun Yang, Jiu-Cun Wang, Li Jin, Ya-Nong Wang, Qing-Yi Wei
Interleukin-17 plays a crucial role in inflammation-related carcinogenesis. We hypothesize that genetic variants in IL-17 are associated with gastric cancer (GCa) risk, and we genotyped five potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs1974226 G > A, rs2275913 A > G, rs3819024 A > G, rs4711998 A > G, and rs8193036 C > T) of IL-17 in 1121 GCa patients and 1216 cancer-free controls in an eastern Chinese population. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
August 25, 2016: Oncotarget
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