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Vijaipal Singh, Ashok Kumar Singh, Trilochan Mohapatra, Gopala Krishnan S, Ranjith Kumar Ellur
Pusa Basmati 1121 (PB 1121) is a landmark Basmati rice variety having Basmati quality traits introgressed from traditional Basmati varieties such as Basmati 370 and Type 3. It was released for commercial cultivation in 2003. It possesses extra-long slender milled grains (9.00 mm), pleasant aroma, and an exceptionally high cooked kernel elongation ratio of 2.5 with a cooked kernel length of up to 22 mm, volume expansion more than four times, appealing taste, good mouth feel and easy digestibility. Owing to its exceptional quality characteristics, it has set new standards in the Basmati rice market...
April 9, 2018: Rice
Ståle H Nymo, Marianne Hartford, Thor Ueland, Arne Yndestad, Erik Lorentzen, Katarina Truvé, Thomas Karlsson, Annica Ravn-Fischer, Pål Aukrust, Kenneth Caidahl
BACKGROUND: Circulating neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) concentration increases in cardiovascular disease, but the long-term prognostic value of NGAL concentration has not been evaluated in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We examined the association between NGAL concentration and prognosis in patients with ACS after non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) or STEMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: NGAL concentration was measured in blood from 1121 consecutive ACS patients (30% women, mean age 65 years) on the first morning after admission...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Ayub Ebadi Fathabad, Nabi Shariatifar, Mojtaba Moazzen, Shahrokh Nazmara, Yadolah Fakhri, Mahmood Alimohammadi, Ali Azari, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah
In this study, the levels of Cd, Hg, Sn, Al, Pb and As of 72 samples (36 samples for fruits juices and 36 samples for fruits canned) of three different brands including of Peach, Orange, Cherry, and Pineapple (18 samples of each fruits) marketed in Tehran, Iran (2015) were evaluated using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) technique. Also, Probabilistic risk assessment (non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks) was estimated by models include target hazard quotient (THQ) and cancer risk (CR) in the Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) model...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Vanessa A Thomas, Kristy O Murray, Heather L Crouse
Chikungunya is a mosquito-transmitted virus found primarily in Africa and Asia. In late 2013, chikungunya virus emerged in the Western hemisphere, spreading from the Caribbean to South, Central, and North America (MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63:1121-1128). Symptoms can be similar to nonspecific viral presentations including fever, joint pain, joint swelling, and rash. The diagnosis of infectious tropical diseases in the emergency department often requires a high index of suspicion, given the nonspecific early findings that characterize many of these tropical diseases...
March 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
D Yu, J Graffy, D Holman, P Robins, Y Cai, Z Zhao, D Simmons
AIM: To investigate the impact of a low-cost diabetes peer-support intervention, aimed at reducing inpatient and outpatient care utilization and healthcare payments, by conducting a cohort study that followed up a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: A total of 1121 adults with Type 2 diabetes were recruited through general practices in Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire, UK, and were followed up for 3.25 financial years after 8-12 months of one-to-one, group or combined diabetes peer support and usual care...
March 25, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
M N Passarelli, E L Barry, D Zhang, P Gangar, J R Rees, R S Bresalier, G McKeown-Eyssen, M R Karagas, J A Baron
BACKGROUND: Aspirin may reduce the risk of several types of cancer, but consistent evidence is lacking for basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Little is known about whether folic acid is associated with BCC risk. METHODS: BCC incidence was evaluated in the Aspirin/Folate Polyp Prevention Study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of aspirin (81 mg/d or 325 mg/d for approximately 3 years) and/or folic acid (1 mg/d for approximately 6 years) for the prevention of colorectal adenomas among 1121 participants with a previous adenoma...
March 23, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Laxman Khanal, Mukesh K Chalise, Kai He, Bipin K Acharya, Yoshi Kawamoto, Xuelong Jiang
Genetic diversity of a species is influenced by multiple factors, including the Quaternary glacial-interglacial cycles and geophysical barriers. Such factors are not yet well documented for fauna from the southern border of the Himalayan region. This study used mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences and ecological niche modeling (ENM) to explore how the late Pleistocene climatic fluctuations and complex geography of the Himalayan region have shaped genetic diversity, population genetic structure, and demographic history of the Nepalese population of Assam macaques (Macaca assamensis) in the Himalayan foothills...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
Chung-Wei Shen, Yi-Hau Chen
We propose a model selection criterion for semiparametric marginal mean regression based on generalized estimating equations. The work is motivated by a longitudinal study on the physical frailty outcome in the elderly, where the cluster size, that is, the number of the observed outcomes in each subject, is "informative" in the sense that it is related to the frailty outcome itself. The new proposal, called Resampling Cluster Information Criterion (RCIC), is based on the resampling idea utilized in the within-cluster resampling method (Hoffman, Sen, and Weinberg, 2001, Biometrika 88, 1121-1134) and accommodates informative cluster size...
March 13, 2018: Biometrics
Iman I Salama, Samia M Sami, Zeinab N Said, Somaia I Salama, Thanaa M Rabah, Ghada A Abdel-Latif, Dalia M Elmosalami, Rehan M Saleh, Aida M Abdel Mohsin, Ammal M Metwally, Amal I Hassanin, Hanaa M Emam, Samia A Hemida, Safaa M Elserougy, Fatma A Shaaban, Walaa A Fouad, Amira Mohsen, Manal H El-Sayed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early and long term anamnestic response to a booster dose of HBV vaccine among non-seroprotected children. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A national community based project was carried out on 3600 children aged 9 months to 16 years, fully vaccinated during infancy. They were recruited from 6 governorates representing Egypt. It revealed that 1535 children (42.8%) had non sero-protective anti-HBs (<10 IU/L) and were HBsAg or anti-HBc negative. A challenging dose of 10 μg of mono-valent Euvax HBV vaccine was given to 1121/1535 children...
March 9, 2018: Vaccine
Yinkui Wang, Ziyu Li, Fei Shan, Rulin Miao, Kan Xue, Zhemin Li, Chao Gao, Nan Chen, Xiangyu Gao, Shen Li, Jiafu Ji
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current status of diagnosis and treatment of early gastric cancer in China, based on the nationwide survey by China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union. METHODS: The union sent questionnaires on basic diagnosis and treatment data of gastric and colorectal cancer to all the centers of the union. Different centers collected and summarized their data by year and sent back the questionnaires to the e-mail of theunion(gi_union@foxmail...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Jin-Sung Yuk, Jung Hun Lee, Won I Park, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear which methotrexate protocol for the treatment of ectopic pregnancy has a higher success rate or a higher adverse effect rate. OBJECTIVE: To compare the treatment success rates and adverse effect rates of single-dose and non-single-dose (two-dose and multi-dose) methotrexate protocols in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: Various databases including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched on July 1, 2017, using search terms including "methotrexate" and "pregnancy...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Anitha Ananthan, Gayatri Athalye Jape, Jean Du Plessis, Peter Annear, Rohan Page, Shripada Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Janelle Aby, Juliann Lipps Kim
Objective. The purpose of this study is to describe the range and frequency of cutaneous lumbosacral and coccygeal findings encountered during the newborn examination in a population of apparently healthy babies, to determine if the prevalence of these findings is associated with race/ethnicity, and to report the frequency of co-occurrence of low-risk cutaneous findings. Methods . Lumbosacral physical findings of 1121 infants were documented on well newborns at least 35 weeks or greater gestational age under the authors' care...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Francisco Amparo, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of remote assessment and follow-up of dry eye symptoms using electronic versions of two validated questionnaires. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of consecutive patients with dry eye disease (DED). Patients were enrolled during a clinical visit and were explained how to respond electronic versions of the Ocular surface Disease Index (OSDI) and the Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye (SANDE) questionnaires using a computer in the presence of investigators...
April 2018: Ocular Surface
Shinichiro Hirai, Eiji Yokoyama, Taku Wakui, Taichiro Ishige, Masaki Nakamura
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 (O157) strains can be classified into clades (one of several phylogenetic groups) by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): these are clade 1, clade 2, clade 3, descendant and ancestral clades 4/5, clade 6, clade 7, clade 8, clade 9, and clade 12. Some recent studies showed that some O157 strains in clade 8 produced a larger amount of Shiga toxin (Stx) 2 than other strains. In this study, 1121 epidemiologically unlinked strains of O157 isolated in Chiba Prefecture, Japan were classified into clades during 1996-2014...
2018: PloS One
Ahmet Akici, Volkan Aydin, Arzu Kiroglu
Objective: Keeping unnecessary drugs at home is a situation showing both causes and consequences of irrational use of medicine. This study aimed to evaluate the approaches of a company's employees regarding drug storage, use, and disposal. Method: This online-based descriptive study was held in a multi-centered private-sector company in a voluntary basis. The survey assessing participants' drug handling and storage behaviors was answered by 1121 employees from across eight provinces of Turkey in 2016...
January 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Vijay Kumar Singh, Ranjith Kumar Ellur, Ashok Kumar Singh, M Nagarajan, Brahma Deo Singh, Nagendra Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Rice is a major source of food, particularly for the growing Asian population; hence, the utilization of genes for enhancing its yield potential is important for ensuring food security. Earlier, we have mapped a major quantitative trait loci (QTL) for the grain number per panicle, qGN4.1, using biparental recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations involving a new plant type Indica rice genotype Pusa 1266. Later, three independent studies have confirmed the presence of a major QTL for spikelet number by three different names (SPIKE, GPS and LSCHL4) in the same chromosomal region, and have implicated the overexpression of Nal1 gene as the causal factor for high spikelet number...
January 22, 2018: Rice
Ahmad M Mansour, Mohammed Ashraf, Abdulrazzak Charbaji, Muhammad H Younis, Ahmed A Souka, Avantika Dogra, Hana A Mansour, Jay Chhablani
AIM: To assess the two-year outcome of intravitreal ziv-aflibercept (IVZ) in eyes with macular diseases. METHODS: Consecutive subjects with various macular diseases that received six or more of 0.05 mL IVZ (1.25 mg) injections with at least 1 year follow-up were included. Outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) and central macular thickness (CMT) on spectral domain optical coherence tomography...
January 9, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Yian Gu, Jennifer J Manly, Richard P Mayeux, Adam M Brickman
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that dietary factors are associated with Alzheimer's disease, cognition, and brain health in older adults. It is however unclear whether inflammation explains this association. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether an inflammation-related nutrient pattern (INP) was associated with neuroimaging and cognitive measures of brain health. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study included 330 non-demented elderly (mean age 79 years at MRI scan) participants in a multi-ethnic, community-based cohort study who had information on nutritional intake (estimated from food frequency questionnaire), circulating C-reactive protein and interleukin- 6 (measured by ELISA), MRI scans, and cognition...
March 14, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
Kyoungyeul Lee, Minho Lee, Dongsup Kim
BACKGROUND: The identification of target molecules is important for understanding the mechanism of "target deconvolution" in phenotypic screening and "polypharmacology" of drugs. Because conventional methods of identifying targets require time and cost, in-silico target identification has been considered an alternative solution. One of the well-known in-silico methods of identifying targets involves structure activity relationships (SARs). SARs have advantages such as low computational cost and high feasibility; however, the data dependency in the SAR approach causes imbalance of active data and ambiguity of inactive data throughout targets...
December 28, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
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