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Jing Xu, Yuyang Long, Dongsheng Shen, Huajun Feng, Ting Chen
Untreated leachate membrane concentrates are a threat to the environment. In our study, effective removal of contaminants in pre-coagulated leachate membrane concentrates was achieved using the Fenton process. The Fenton process was optimized using the response surface method, and the maximum total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and chromaticity reduction efficiencies reached 68.9%, 69.6%, and 100% under the conditions pH 2, H2O2 concentration 1mol/L, and Fe(2+) concentration 17.5mmol/L...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Andreas Hellak, Jennifer Ebeling, Michael Schauseil, Steffen Stein, Matthias Roggendorf, Heike Korbmacher-Steiner
Objective. The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) score of two self-etching no-mix adhesives (iBond™ and Scotchbond™) on different prosthetic surfaces and enamel, in comparison with the commonly used total etch system Transbond XT™. Materials and Methods. A total of 270 surfaces (1 enamel and 8 restorative surfaces, n = 30) were randomly divided into three adhesive groups. In group 1 (control) brackets were bonded with Transbond XT primer...
2016: BioMed Research International
Christoph Schliemann, Joachim Gerss, Stefanie Wiebe, Jan-Henrik Mikesch, Nicola Knoblauch, Tim Sauer, Linus Angenendt, Tobias Kewitz, Marc Urban, Trude Butterfass-Bahloul, Sabine Edemir, Kerstin Vehring, Carsten Müller-Tidow, Wolfgang E Berdel, Utz Krug
: Nintedanib (BIBF 1120), a potent multikinase inhibitor of VEGFR-1/-2/-3, FGFR-1/-2/-3 and PDGFR-α/-β, exerts growth inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effects in myeloid leukemic cells, especially when used in combination with cytarabine. This phase I study evaluated nintedanib in combination with low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) in elderly patients with untreated or relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) ineligible for intensive chemotherapy in a 3+3 design. Nintedanib (dose levels 100, 150, and 200 mg orally twice daily) and LDAC (20 mg subcutaneous injection twice daily for 10 days) were administered in 28-day cycles...
2016: PloS One
Paula Boaventura, Cecília Durães, Adélia Mendes, Natália Rios Costa, Inês Chora, Sara Ferreira, Emanuel Araújo, Pedro Lopes, Gilberto Rosa, Pedro Marques, Paulo Bettencourt, Inês Oliveira, Francisco Costa, Isabel Ramos, Maria José Teles, João Tiago Guimarães, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Paula Soares
Head and neck cancers, and cardiovascular disease have been described as late effects of low dose radiation (LDR) exposure, namely in tinea capitis cohorts. In addition to radiation dose, gender and younger age at exposure, the genetic background might be involved in the susceptibility to LDR late effects. The -174 G>C (rs1800795) SNP in IL6 has been associated with cancer and cardiovascular disease, nevertheless this association is still controversial. We assessed the association of the IL6-174 G>C SNP with LDR effects such as thyroid carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and carotid atherosclerosis in the Portuguese tinea capitis cohort...
2016: PloS One
Swaraj Basu, Yavor Hadzhiev, Giuseppe Petrosino, Chirag Nepal, Jochen Gehrig, Olivier Armant, Marco Ferg, Uwe Strahle, Remo Sanges, Ferenc Müller
Pufferfish such as fugu and tetraodon carry the smallest genomes among all vertebrates and are ideal for studying genome evolution. However, comparative genomics using these species is hindered by the poor annotation of their genomes. We performed RNA sequencing during key stages of maternal to zygotic transition of Tetraodon nigroviridis and report its first developmental transcriptome. We assembled 61,033 transcripts (23,837 loci) representing 80% of the annotated gene models and 3816 novel coding transcripts from 2667 loci...
2016: Scientific Reports
Gong Long, Chen Hao, Geng Li, Yu Yang, Zhou Hongzhong, Wang Zhenhu
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a well-known biomarker to predict cardiac events following orthopedic procedures. However, further information regarding BNP can be completed. The present study aims to determine which of preoperative, postoperative or the difference between them (DVPPB) can best predict adverse cardiac events following TKA procedure and detect possible risk factors of high level of BNP. METHODS: Between Jan. 2012 and Jan. 2014. 1120 included patients in 3 institutions have a minimum of 2-years follow-up...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Ja K Gu, Luenda E Charles, Michael E Andrew, Claudia C Ma, Tara A Hartley, John M Violanti, Cecil M Burchfiel
INTRODUCTION: Studies have reported associations between obesity and injury in a single occupation or industry. Our study estimated the prevalence of work-site injuries and investigated the association between obesity and work-site injury in a nationally representative sample of U.S. workers. METHODS: Self-reported weight, height, and injuries within the previous three months were collected annually for U.S. workers in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) from 2004-2012...
September 2016: Journal of Safety Research
Chris G Adigun, Tracey C Vlahovic, Michael B McClellan, Kailas D Thakker, Ryan R Klein, Tuan A Elstrom, Daniel B Ward
BACKGROUND: Poly-ureaurethane has been previously described for the management of dry, brittle, and in general, dystrophic nails. The polymer yields a waterproof, breathable barrier to protect the nail plate and prevent further damage to the nail, while regulating transonychial water loss (TOWL). Because nail dystrophy and dessication are contributing factors to onychomycosis, a barrier that protects the nail but also allows a topical antifungal to permeate its shield is potentially an advantageous combination...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Baojian Zhu, Hao Yu, Sen Tian, Li-Shang Dai, Yu Sun, Chao-Liang Liu
The receptor for activated C kinase (RACK) is an important scaffold protein with regulatory functions in cells. However, its role in the immune response of Antheraea pernyi to pathogen challenge remains unclear. To investigate the biological functions of RACK in the wild silkworm A. pernyi, cloning was performed and the expression patterns of the RACK gene were analyzed. Sequence analysis revealed that the RACK gene was 1120 bp containing a 960-bp open reading frame. The deduced RACK protein sequence reveals the higher identity with its homologs from other insects...
August 31, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
Marcus W Kilpatrick, Shelbey E Lane, Andrew M Rice, Danielle T Aguilar, Gabrielle Kallin, Tam Tran, Kailey M Catapano, Mary E Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Andreas Hellak, Patrick Rusdea, Michael Schauseil, Steffen Stein, Heike Maria Korbmacher-Steiner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the shear bond strength (SBS) and Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) scores of two self-etching no-mix adhesives (Prompt L-Pop™ and Scotchbond™) for orthodontic appliances to the commonly used total etch system Transbond XT™ (in combination with phosphoric acid). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 60 human premolars were randomly divided into three groups of 20 specimens each. In group 1 (control), brackets were bonded with Transbond™ XT primer...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Ting-Shun Wang, Chi-Feng Hsieh, Tsen-Fang Tsai
BACKGROUND: Recent global data show an increasing prevalence of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis in western countries. OBJECTIVE: The current study analyzed the trend of prevalence rates of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis in Taiwan and examined biologic prescription patterns by different specialties. METHODS: Data were accessed from the national payer National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. This study protocol was approved by Joint Institutional Review Board established by Medical Research Ethics Foundation (No 13-S-001)...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
G Güney Eskiler, G Cecener, G Dikmen, I Kani, U Egeli, B Tunca
Manganese(Mn)-based complexes have been drawing attention due to the fact that they are more effective than other metal complexes. However, the use of Mn(II)-based complexes in medicine remains limited because of certain side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of a novel Mn(II) complex [Mn2(µ-((C6H5)2CHCOO)2(bipy)4](bipy)2(ClO4) and Mn(II) complex loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) on MCF-7 and HUVEC control cells. The average diameter of Mn(II) complex was about 1120±2...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Microencapsulation
Ma Alicia de la Colina, Mark E Hauber, Bill M Strausberger, Juan Carlos Reboreda, Bettina Mahler
Generalist parasites exploit multiple host species at the population level, but the individual parasite's strategy may be either itself a generalist or a specialist pattern of host species use. Here, we studied the relationship between host availability and host use in the individual parasitism patterns of the Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis, a generalist avian obligate brood parasite that parasitizes an extreme range of hosts. Using five microsatellite markers and an 1120-bp fragment of the mtDNA control region, we reconstructed full-sibling groups from 359 cowbird eggs and chicks found in nests of the two most frequent hosts in our study area, the Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus and the House Wren Troglodytes aedon...
July 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Caroline Nordenvall, Viktor Oskarsson, Alicja Wolk
PURPOSE: Epidemiologic data on whether consumption of fruit and vegetables (FVs) decreases the risk of gallstone disease are sparse. Therefore, we examined the association between FV consumption and the 14-year risk of symptomatic gallstone disease (defined as occurrence of cholecystectomy) in a large group of middle-aged and elderly persons. METHODS: Data from two population-based cohorts were used, which included 74,554 men and women (born 1914-1952). Participants filled in a food frequency questionnaire in the late fall of 1997 and were followed up for cholecystectomy between 1998 and 2011 via linkage to the Swedish Patient Register...
August 20, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Lawrence F Eichenfield, Ted Lain, Ellen H Frankel, Terry M Jones, Joan-En Chang-Lin, David R Berk, Shiling Ruan, Alexandre Kaoukhov
BACKGROUND: Dapsone gel, 5% is administered twice daily for the treatment of acne vulgaris, and some patients may find adherence challenging.<BR /> OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to assess the efficacy and safety, compared with vehicle, of acne treatment with a recently FDA-approved, once-daily formulation of dapsone gel, 7.5%, with a 50% greater concentration of dapsone.<BR /> METHODS: This 12-week, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, multicenter clinical trial enrolled patients aged 12 years and older with 20-50 facial inflammatory lesions, 30-100 facial noninflammatory lesions, and an acne grade of 3 (moderate) on the Global Acne Assessment Score (GAAS)...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Wen Xu, Justin P Fox, Patrick A Gerety, Jing Li, Ari M Wes, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
While in-hospital outcomes and long-term results of craniosynostosis surgery have been described, no large studies have reported on postoperative readmission and emergency department (ED) visits. The authors conducted this study to describe the incidence, associated diagnoses, and risk factors for these encounters within 30 days of craniosynostosis surgery.Using 4 state-level databases, the authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients <3 years of age who underwent surgery for craniosynostosis...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mukhtiar Baig, Marwan A Bakarman, Zohair J Gazzaz, Mohamad N Khabaz, Tahir J Ahmed, Imtiaz A Qureshi, Muhammad B Hussain, Ali H Alzahrani, Ali A AlShehri, Mohammad A Basendwah, Fahd B Altherwi, Fahd M AlShehri
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Tobacco consumption has grave negative consequences for health so that it is important to understand the reasons and motivations towards cigarette smoking and barriers against quitting smoking among the young generation for developing effective policies to control this widespread problem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This crosssectional survey was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Roya Kelishadi, Bahareh Lajevardi, Maryam Bahreynian, Vahid Omid-Ghaemi, Mahsa Movahedian
OBJECTIVE: Snacks play an important role in child health and nutritional status. Schools are considered as the preferred place to encourage healthy eating among children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of buffet school-based intervention on acceptance and satisfaction of parents and students in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary school students (n = 1120, 68.83% girls) from first to third grade, with one of their parents, participated in this prospective field trial study conducted in Isfahan, Iran...
2016: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Peter Jepsen, Jakob Christensen, Karin Weissenborn, Hugh Watson, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is associated with an increased mortality among cirrhosis patients, but the reasons are unknown. We aimed to determine whether epilepsy is a risk factor for developing hepatic encephalopathy (HE), which is a strong predictor of mortality. METHODS: We used data from three randomized 1-year trials of satavaptan in cirrhosis patients with ascites. With Cox regression, we compared the hazard rates of HE grade 1-4 between those cirrhosis patients who did or did not have epilepsy...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
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