keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1119

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330892/ophthalmic-artery-doppler-prediction-of-preeclampsia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Erkan Kalafat, Ariana Laoreti, Asma Khalil, Fabricio Da Silva Costa, Basky Thilaganathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of ophthalmic artery Doppler in pregnancy for the prediction of preeclampsia. METHODS: MEDLINE (1947-2017), EMBASE (1974-2017), CINAHL (inception-2017) and the Cochrane Library (inception-2017) were searched for relevant citations without language restrictions. Two reviewers independently selected studies that evaluated the accuracy of ophthalmic artery Doppler to predict the development of preeclampsia and performed data extraction to construct 2 × 2 tables...
January 12, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325806/rifm-fragrance-ingredient-safety-assessment-pentanedioic-acid-1-5-dimethyl-ester-cas-registry-number-1119-40-0
#2
A M Api, D Belsito, D Botelho, D Browne, M Bruze, G A Burton, J Buschmann, M L Dagli, M Date, W Dekant, C Deodhar, M Francis, A D Fryer, K Joshi, S La Cava, A Lapczynski, D C Liebler, D O'Brien, R Parakhia, A Patel, T M Penning, G Ritacco, J Romine, D Salvito, T W Schultz, I G Sipes, Y Thakkar, E H Theophilus, A K Tiethof, Y Tokura, S Tsang, J Wahler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320401/mediterranean-diet-and-other-dietary-patterns-in-primary-prevention-of-heart-failure-and-changes-in-cardiac-function-markers-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Karina Sanches Machado d'Almeida, Stefanny Ronchi Spillere, Priccila Zuchinali, Gabriela Corrêa Souza
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome and is recognized as the ultimate pathway of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies using nutritional strategies based on dietary patterns have proved to be effective for the prevention and treatment of CVD. Although there are studies that support the protective effect of these diets, their effects on the prevention of HF are not clear yet. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for studies that examined dietary patterns, such as dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH diet), paleolithic, vegetarian, low-carb and low-fat diets and prevention of HF...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305347/maintenance-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-coronary-artery-calcium-progression-in-low-risk-men-and-women-in-the-framingham-heart-study
#4
Shih-Jen Hwang, Oyere Onuma, Joseph M Massaro, Xiaoling Zhang, Yi-Ping Fu, Udo Hoffmann, Caroline S Fox, Christopher J O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and freedom from coronary artery calcium (CAC). Prospective data on the association between maintenance of optimal CVH and the progression of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis are limited. We assessed the influence of unfavorable versus favorable CVH on the incidence of CAC progression. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 1119 FHS (Framingham Heart Study) participants who attended the serial FHS MDCT I and MDCT II study (Multi-Detector Computed Tomography) and had a zero Agatston CAC score at baseline...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301330/the-potential-roles-of-the-apoptosis-related-protein-pdrg1-in-diapause-embryo-restarting-of-artemia-sinica
#5
Wan Zhang, Feng Yao, Hong Zhang, Na Li, Xiangyang Zou, Linlin Sui, Lin Hou
High salinity and low temperatures can induce Artemia sinica to enter the diapause stage during embryonic development. Diapause embryos stop at the gastrula stage, allowing them to resist apoptosis and regulate cell cycle activity to guarantee normal development after diapause termination. P53 and DNA damage-regulated gene 1 (pdrg1) is involved in cellular physiological activities, such as apoptosis, DNA damage repair, cell cycle regulation, and promotion of programmed cell death. However, the role of pdrg1 in diapause and diapause termination in A...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279243/antiobesity-and-emetic-effects-of-a-short-length-peptide-yy-analog-and-its-pegylated-and-alkylated-derivatives
#6
Ayumu Niida, Yoko Kanematsu-Yamaki, Tomoko Asakawa, Yoshimasa Ishimura, Hisashi Fujita, Kouta Matsumiya, Naoki Nishizawa, Yusuke Adachi, Taisuke Mochida, Kazue Tsuchimori, Mariko Yoneyama-Hirozane, Junichi Sakamoto, Hideki Hirabayashi, Hideo Fukui, Shiro Takekawa, Taiji Asami
Neuropeptide Y2 receptor (Y2R) agonism is an important anorectic signal and a target of antiobesity drug discovery. Recently, we synthesized a short-length Y2R agonist, PYY-1119 (4-imidazolecarbonyl-[d-Hyp24,Iva25,Pya(4)26,Cha27,36,γMeLeu28,Lys30,Aib31]PYY(23-36), 1) as an antiobesity drug candidate. Compound 1 induced marked body weight loss in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice; however, 1 also induced severe vomiting in dogs at a lower dose than the minimum effective dose administered to DIO mice. The rapid absorption of 1 after subcutaneous administration caused the severe vomiting...
December 8, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276794/the-role-of-dietary-patterns-and-exceptional-parental-longevity-in-healthy-aging
#7
Sriram Gubbi, Nir Barzilai, Jill Crandall, Joe Verghese, Sofiya Milman
BACKGROUND: Individuals with exceptional longevity and their offspring manifest a lower prevalence of age-related diseases than families without longevity. However, the contribution of dietary habits to protection from disease has not been systematically assessed in families with exceptional longevity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare dietary patterns between individuals with parental longevity and individals without parental longevity. METHODS: Dietary intake was evaluated using the Block Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire in 234 community dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 years and older who were participants of the LonGenity study, which enrolls the offspring of parents with exceptional longevity (OPEL) and offspring of parents with usual survival (OPUS)...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition and Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196281/the-use-of-avatar-counseling-for-hiv-aids-health-education-the-examination-of-self-identity-in-avatar-preferences
#8
Shantrel Canidate, Mark Hart
BACKGROUND: The number of adults using the Internet to obtain health information is on the rise. An estimated 66% of the adults reportedly use the Internet to obtain health information related to a specific disease (ie, human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV/AIDS). Previous research has demonstrated that health information seekers use the Internet to seek answers to stigma-laden questions from health avatars. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify patterns in the choice of avatar among health information seekers (patients or public health workers) using the Internet to obtain HIV/AIDS information and to describe the demographic characteristics (age, gender, and ethnicity) of health information seekers to determine whether they preferred an avatar that was similar to their own gender and ethnicity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189962/metachronous-colorectal-cancer-following-segmental-or-extended-colectomy-in-lynch-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Salim S Malik, Mark P Lythgoe, Mark McPhail, Kevin J Monahan
Around 5% of colorectal cancers are due to mutations within DNA mismatch repair genes, resulting in Lynch syndrome (LS). These mutations have a high penetrance with early onset of colorectal cancer at a mean age of 45 years. The mainstay of surgical management is either a segmental or extensive colectomy. Currently there is no unified agreement as to which management strategy is superior due to limited conclusive empirical evidence available. A systematic review and meta- analysis to evaluate the risk of metachronous colorectal cancer (MCC) and mortality in LS following segmental and extensive colectomy...
November 30, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153058/induction-of-the-lh-surge-in-premenarchal-girls-confirms-early-maturation-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian-axis
#10
Polina Rovner, Julia Keltz, Amanda Allshouse, Barbara Isaac, Cheryl Hickmon, Jennifer Lesh, Justin Chosich, Nanette Santoro
PURPOSE: To determine whether premenarchal girls exhibit positive estradiol feedback similar to regularly cycling adult women when given exogenous estradiol. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical cohort study at 2 institutions. Nine girls and 6 women received a 7-day course of transdermal estradiol designed to produce physiologic, mid-cycle circulating estradiol levels. Participants collected daily morning urine for luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol metabolites (E1c), and progesterone metabolites (Pdg), corrected for creatinine...
January 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140154/no-difference-in-young-adult-athletes-resting-energy-expenditure-when-measured-under-inpatient-or-outpatient-conditions
#11
Julia L Bone, Louise M Burke
Low energy availability can place athletes at increased risk of injury and illness and can be detected by a low metabolic rate. The lowest metabolic rate is captured at the bedside, after an overnight fast and termed inpatient REE. Measurements done in a laboratory with a shorter overnight fast are termed outpatient REE. Although important to know what the lowest energy expenditure, a bedside measure and/or 12 h fast is not always practical or logistically possible particularly when you take into account an athlete's training schedule...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138760/cardiac-surgery-after-heart-transplantation-elective-operation-or-last-exit-strategy
#12
Johannes Goekler, Andreas Zuckermann, Emilio Osorio, Faris F Brkic, Keziban Uyanik-Uenal, Guenther Laufer, Arezu Aliabadi-Zuckermann
Background: Because of improved long-term survival after heart transplantation (HTx), late graft pathologies such as valvular disease or cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) might need surgical intervention to enhance longer survival and ensure quality of life. To this date, there exist no guidelines for indication of cardiac surgery other than retransplantation after HTx. Methods: In this retrospective, single-center study, we evaluated patients who underwent cardiac surgery after HTx at our institution...
October 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124996/a-30-year-mortality-and-respiratory-morbidity-study-of-refractory-ceramic-fiber-workers
#13
Grace LeMasters, James E Lockey, Timothy J Hilbert, Linda S Levin, Jeff W Burkle, Ralph Shipley, Charles Perme, Cristopher A Meyer, Carol H Rice
AIM: Report mortality (n = 1119), cancer incidence (n = 1207) and radiographic (n = 1451) findings from a 30-year investigation of current and former refractory ceramic fiber (RCF) workers. METHODS: Cause of death, health and work histories, radiographs and spirometry were collected. Mortality and cancer incidence were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis investigated the associations of latency and cumulative fiber exposure (CFE) on radiographic changes...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103737/synchronous-bilateral-tonsillar-carcinomas-patient-characteristics-and-human-papillomavirus-genotypes
#14
Camelia Nami Saber, Christian Grønhøj, David Hebbelstrup Jensen, Cecilie Nørregaard, Amanda Carlander, Emilie Garnæs, Katalin Kiss, Lena Specht, Christian von Buchwald
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing, but data on the incidence of synchronous, bilateral tonsillar squamous cell carcinomas (BiTSCCs) is sparse. In this study, we report the incidence and tumour characteristics of BiTSCCs in a population-based, consecutive cohort of OPSCCs. METHODS: We identified all patients diagnosed with tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) in eastern Denmark during a 15-year period to detect the incidence of synchronous BiTSCCs...
November 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095536/increased-serum-cortisol-levels-on-oral-food-challenge-in-infants-with-fpies
#15
Masaki Shimomura, Yasunori Ito, Hiroki Tanaka, Takaaki Meguro, Mitsuaki Kimura
BACKGROUND: An increase in absolute neutrophil count (ANC) is seen after an oral food challenge test (OFC) in patients with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES). Although it has been suggested that interleukin (IL)-8 is involved in this phenomenon, a possible role for cortisol has not yet been studied. METHODS: Six OFCs with positive responses in 5 patients with FPIES due to cows' milk (CM) proteins and 2 OFCs with negative responses in 2 patients suspected of FPIES were analyzed...
November 2, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094339/prospective-study-on-long-term-outcome-after-abdominal-surgery
#16
E D Brynjarsdottir, M I Sigurdsson, E Sigmundsdottir, P H Möller, G H Sigurdsson
BACKGROUND: Complications following major abdominal surgery are common and an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to describe 1-year mortality and identify factors that influence adverse outcomes after abdominal surgery. METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study was performed in Landspitali University Hospital and included all adult patients undergoing abdominal surgery requiring > 24-h hospital admission over 13 months...
November 1, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082809/suitability-of-random-forest-analysis-for-epidemiological-research-exploring-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-related-risk-factors-of-overweight-in-a-cross-sectional-design
#17
Noora Kanerva, Jukka Kontto, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Jaakko Nevalainen, Satu Männistö
AIMS: Factors that contribute to the development of overweight are numerous and form a complex structure with many unknown interactions and associations. We aimed to explore this structure (i.e. the mutual importance or hierarchy of sociodemographic and lifestyle-related risk factors of being overweight) using a machine-learning technique called random forest (RF). The results were compared with traditional logistic regression (LR) analysis. METHODS: The cross-sectional FINRISK 2007 Study included 4757 Finns (aged 25-74 years)...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074222/tumor-volume-on-biopsy-in-low-risk-prostate-cancers-managed-on-active-surveillance
#18
Jeffrey J Tosoian, Mufaddal Mamawala, Hiten D Patel, Ridwan Alam, Jonathan I Epstein, Ashley E Ross, H Ballentine Carter
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary clinical guidelines recommend use of active surveillance (AS) in men with low-risk prostate cancer. Low-risk disease spans any potential volume of Gleason score 6 cancer without sufficient attention to tumor volume in the past. We therefore compared tumor characteristics in low-risk men managed on AS to men undergoing RP. METHODS: We evaluated an institutional cohort of 1633 men with very low-risk (clinical stage=T1c, PSA density<0...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073584/vismodegib-in-patients-with-advanced-basal-cell-carcinoma-primary-analysis-of-stevie-an-international-open-label-trial
#19
N Basset-Séguin, A Hauschild, R Kunstfeld, J Grob, B Dréno, L Mortier, P A Ascierto, L Licitra, C Dutriaux, L Thomas, N Meyer, B Guillot, R Dummer, P Arenberger, K Fife, A Raimundo, E Dika, N Dimier, A Fittipaldo, I Xynos, J Hansson
BACKGROUND: The SafeTy Events in VIsmodEgib study (STEVIE, ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01367665), assessed safety and efficacy of vismodegib-a first-in-class Hedgehog pathway inhibitor demonstrating clinical benefit in advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC)-in a patient population representative of clinical practice. Primary analysis data are presented. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic BCC received oral vismodegib 150 mg/d until progressive disease, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal...
November 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067262/physical-inactivity-and-cardiac-events-an-analysis-of-the-detection-of-ischemia-in-asymptomatic-diabetics-diad-study
#20
Margaret M McCarthy, Frans J Th Wackers, Janice Davey, Deborah A Chyun
AIMS: Diabetes affects 29 million adults, and the majority have type 2 diabetes (T2D). Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death, and physical inactivity is an important risk factor. The aims of this study were to examine the contribution of physical inactivity to CAD events, and to identify the independent predictors of CAD events in a sample of older adults with T2D. METHOD: A secondary data analysis of the prospective randomized screening trial "Detection of Ischemia in Asymptomatic Diabetics (DIAD)" study...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
92784
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"