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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047543/su-f-t-23-correspondence-factor-correction-coefficient-for-commissioning-of-leipzig-and-valencia-applicators-with-the-standard-imaging-ivb-1000
#1
J Donaghue, S Gajdos
PURPOSE: To determine the correction factor of the correspondence factor for the Standard Imaging IVB 1000 well chamber for commissioning of Elekta's Leipzig and Valencia skin applicators. METHODS: The Leipzig and Valencia applicators are designed to treat small skin lesions by collimating irradiation to the treatment area. Published output factors are used to calculate dose rates for clinical treatments. To validate onsite applicators, a correspondence factor (CFrev) is measured and compared to published values...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030828/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-in-a-hospital-of-shanghai
#2
Xiaoguang Wang, Lin Ouyang, Lingfei Luo, Jiqian Liu, Chiping Song, Cuizhen Li, Hongjing Yan, Ping Wang
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are now common both in the health care setting and in the community. Active surveillance is critical for MRSA control and prevention. Specimens of patients (200 patients with 1119 specimens) as well as medical staff and hospital setting (1000 specimens) were randomly sampled in a level 2 hospital in Shanghai from September 2011 to August 2012. Isolation, cultivation and identification of S. aureus were performed. Totally, 67 S. aureus strains were isolated...
December 20, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999029/epidemiology-and-susceptibility-to-antimicrobial-agents-of-the-main-nocardia-species-in-spain
#3
Sylvia Valdezate, Noelia Garrido, Gema Carrasco, María J Medina-Pascual, Pilar Villalón, Ana M Navarro, Juan A Saéz-Nieto
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to explore the clinical distribution, by species, of the genus Nocardia and to assess the antimicrobial susceptibilities of the 10 most prevalent species identified in Spain. METHODS: Over a 10 year period (2005-14), 1119 Nocardia strains were molecularly identified and subjected to the Etest. The distribution and resistance trends over the sub-periods 2005-09 and 2010-14 were also examined. RESULTS: Of the strains examined, 82...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977578/nonmotor-symptoms-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#4
Tie-Mei Zhang, Shu-Yang Yu, Peng Guo, Yang Du, Yang Hu, Ying-Shan Piao, Li-Jun Zuo, Teng-Hong Lian, Rui-Dan Wang, Qiu-Jin Yu, Zhao Jin, Wei Zhang
Parkinson disease (PD) is usually accompanied by numerous nonmotor symptoms (NMS), such as neuropsychiatric symptoms, sleep disorders, autonomic dysfunctions, and sensory disturbances. However, it is not clear that the factors influencing the occurrence of NMS and its sequence with motor symptoms (MS).We conducted comprehensive assessments of NMS by using 13 scales in 1119 PD patients.A total of 70.8% PD patients present NMS. Olfactory dysfunction tends to occur in PD patients with older age, more severe depression, sleep problems, and autonomic dysfunctions...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920828/detection-of-sequential-activation-of-left-atrium-and-coronary-sinus-musculature-in-the-general-population
#5
Masaki Ota, Yoshiaki Kaneko, Tadashi Nakajima, Tadanobu Irie, Takafumi Iijima, Akihiro Saito, Masahiko Kurabayashi
BACKGROUND: The direction of impulse propagation across the coronary sinus (CS) musculature (CSM) is an important piece of the mechanistic puzzle underlying atrial tachyarrhythmias. We hypothesized that in the general population, the sequence of left atrial (LA) to CSM electrograms recorded in the CS reflects the direction of impulse propagation over the CSM. METHODS: We studied 19 patients with atrioventricular (AV) reentrant tachycardia (RT) utilizing a left-sided accessory pathway (AP) and 21 patients with typical counterclockwise atrial flutter (AFL)...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915468/clinical-characteristics-of-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-in-patients-aged-50-years-and-older-a-large-scale-study-from-the-cancer-registration-committee-of-the-japanese-urological-association
#6
Taketo Kawai, Yoshinori Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of testicular germ cell tumors in older patients. METHODS: A testicular cancer survey was carried out by the Japanese Urological Association in 2011 to register the testicular cancers diagnosed in 2005 and 2008. The survey included age, presenting symptoms, physical examination findings, tumor markers, histopathology, clinical stage, treatment and clinical outcomes. These factors were compared between patients aged ≥50 years and those aged <50 years at diagnosis...
December 4, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877212/early-integration-of-palliative-care-in-oncology-practice-results-of-the-italian-association-of-medical-oncology-aiom-survey
#7
Vittorina Zagonel, Riccardo Torta, Vittorio Franciosi, Antonella Brunello, Guido Biasco, Daniela Cattaneo, Luigi Cavanna, Domenico Corsi, Gabriella Farina, Luisa Fioretto, Teresa Gamucci, Gaetano Lanzetta, Roberto Magarotto, Marco Maltoni, Cataldo Mastromauro, Barbara Melotti, Fausto Meriggi, Ida Pavese, Erico Piva, Cosimo Sacco, Giuseppe Tonini, Leonardo Trentin, Paola Ermacora, Antonella Varetto, Federica Merlin, Stefania Gori, Stefano Cascinu, Carmine Pinto
BACKGROUND: Early integration of palliative care in oncology practice ("simultaneous care", SC) has been shown to provide better care resulting in improved quality-of-life and also survival. We evaluated the opinions of Italian Association of Medical Oncology (AIOM) members. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 37-item questionnaire was delivered to 1119 AIOM members. Main areas covered were: social, ethical, relational aspects of disease and communication, training, research, organizational and management models in SC...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850756/1119-addition-of-nighttime-intensivist-in-icus-at-an-academic-center-impact-on-patient-outcomes
#8
Majdi Hamarshi, Madhuri Ramakrishnan, Maha Abu Kishk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797873/skin-and-soft-tissue-infection-management-failure-in-the-emergency-department-observation-unit-a-systematic-review
#9
Jeremy W Abetz, Nicholas G Adams, Biswadev Mitra
INTRODUCTION: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are commonly treated in ED observation units (EDOUs). The management failure rate in this setting is high, as evidenced by a large proportion of patients requiring inpatient admission. This systematic review sought to quantify the management failure rate and identify risk factors associated with management failure. METHODS: Searches of six databases and grey literature were conducted with no limits on publication year or language...
October 25, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754372/erratum-mangiatordi-g-f-et-al-human-aquaporin-4-and-molecular-modeling-historical-perspective-and-view-to-the-future-int-j-mol-sci-2016-17-1119
#10
Ijms Editorial Office
The following changes have been made to the published paper[1].[...].
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750295/long-term-recurrence-and-complications-associated-with-elective-incisional-hernia-repair
#11
Dunja Kokotovic, Thue Bisgaard, Frederik Helgstrand
Importance: Prosthetic mesh is frequently used to reinforce the repair of abdominal wall incisional hernias. The benefits of mesh for reducing the risk of hernia recurrence or the long-term risks of mesh-related complications are not known. Objective: To investigate the risks of long-term recurrence and mesh-related complications following elective abdominal wall hernia repair in a population with complete follow-up. Design, Setting, and Participants: Registry-based nationwide cohort study including all elective incisional hernia repairs in Denmark from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2010...
October 18, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734336/ficolin-1-levels-in-patients-developing-vasospasm-and-cerebral-ischemia-after-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#12
Laura Llull, Steffen Thiel, Sergio Amaro, Álvaro Cervera, Anna M Planas, Ángel Chamorro
Activation of the inflammatory generating complement system might play a pathogenic role in spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We studied whether plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of complement proteins were associated with angiographic vasospasm and cerebral ischemic lesions after SAH. Ficolin-1 (M-ficolin), ficolin-3 (H-ficolin), mannose-binding lectin (MBL), MBL-associated serine protease 2 (MASP-2), MASP-3, and MAp44 were analyzed in plasma of 45 SAH patients at 24 h after bleeding. Additionally, ficolin-1 levels were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples obtained 24 h after bleeding in 19 patients with external ventricular drainage placement...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695417/antiplatelet-agents-inhibit-the-generation-of-platelet-derived-microparticles
#13
Alice Giacomazzi, Maurizio Degan, Stefano Calabria, Alessandra Meneguzzi, Pietro Minuz
Platelet microparticles (PMPs) contribute to thrombogenesis but the effects of antiplatelet drugs on PMPs generation is undefined. The present study investigated the cellular events regulating PMPs shedding, testing in vitro platelet agonists and inhibitors. Platelet-rich plasma from healthy subjects was stimulated with arachidonic acid (AA), U46619, collagen type-I (10 and 1.5 μg/mL), epinephrine, ADP or TRAP-6 and pre-incubated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, 100 and 10 μmol/L), SQ-29,548, apyrase, PSB-0739, or eptifibatide...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609054/surveillance-for-malaria-outbreak-on-malaria-eliminating-islands-in-tafea-province-vanuatu-after-tropical-cyclone-pam-in-2015
#14
C W Chan, H Iata, J Yaviong, M Kalkoa, S Yamar, G Taleo, R Isozumi, M Fukui, F Aoyama, A Pomer, K N Dancause, A Kaneko
The risk of malaria outbreak surfaced in Vanuatu after Tropical Cyclone (TC) Pam in March 2015. In June and July 2015 we conducted malariometric surveys on the islands of Tanna, Aneityum, and Erromango in Tafea Province, where malaria elimination had been targeted, to determine if malaria incidence had increased after TC Pam. No Plasmodium infection was detected by microscopy and PCR in 3009 survey participants. Only 6·3% (190/3007) of participants had fever. Spleen rates in children aged ⩽12 years from Aneityum and Tanna were low, at 3·6% (14/387) and 5·3% (27/510), respectively...
January 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584275/relationships-between-motivation-and-performance-on-the-army-physical-fitness-test-1119-board-2-june-1-3-15-pm-5-15-pm
#15
Andrew Carlson, Shannon David, Kyle Hackney, Brad Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550918/rapid-early-growth-may-modulate-the-association-between-birth-weight-and-blood-pressure-at-5-years-in-the-eden-cohort-study
#16
Marion Taine, Bénédicte Stengel, Anne Forhan, Sophie Carles, Jérémie Botton, Marie-Aline Charles, Barbara Heude
Physiological evidence suggests that birth weight (BW) and postnatal growth affect blood pressure (BP) level, independently or in interaction. Their respective roles are difficult to disentangle in epidemiological studies, however, especially when adjusting for final weight. We assessed the portion of the effect of BW on BP at 5 years that was not attributable to postnatal growth and investigated potential interactions between BW and postnatal growth velocity at different time points in the EDEN mother-child study...
October 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504664/-demographic-faultlines-a-meta-analysis-of-the-literature-retraction-of-thatcher-and-patel-2011
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports the retraction of "Demographic faultlines: A meta-analysis of the literature" by Sherry M. B. Thatcher and Pankaj C. Patel (Journal of Applied Psychology, 2011[Nov], Vol 96[6], 1119-1139). At the request of the editor and in consultation with the American Psychological Association, the article is being retracted. This action is a result of a review by the editor and two additional experts that determined that there are significant errors in Tables 1, 2, and 3 which may affect the overall conclusions of the article...
August 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435171/a-parenting-programme-to-prevent-abuse-of-adolescents-in-south-africa-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Yulia Shenderovich, Catherine L Ward, Rocio Herrero Romero, Alice Redfern, Carl Lombard, Jenny Doubt, Janina Steinert, Ricardo Catanho, Camille Wittesaele, Sachin De Stone, Nasteha Salah, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Jamie Lachman, Heidi Loening, Frances Gardner, Daphnee Blanc, Mzuvekile Nocuza, Meryn Lechowicz
BACKGROUND: An estimated one billion children experience child abuse each year, with the highest rates in low- and middle-income countries. The Sinovuyo Teen programme is part of Parenting for Lifelong Health, a WHO/UNICEF initiative to develop and test violence-prevention programmes for implementation in low-resource contexts. The objectives of this parenting support programme are to prevent the abuse of adolescents, improve parenting and reduce adolescent behavioural problems. This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Sinovuyo Teen compared to an attention-control group of a water hygiene programme...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409986/impact-of-ischemia-time-on-renal-function-after-partial-nephrectomy-a-systematic-review
#19
Xavier Rod, Benoit Peyronnet, Thomas Seisen, Benjamin Pradere, Florie Gomez, Grégory Verhoest, Christophe Vaessen, Alexandre De La Taille, Karim Bensalah, Morgan Roupret
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of ischemia on renal function after partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria. In January 2015, the Medline and Embase databases were systematically searched using the protocol ("warm ischemia"[mesh] OR "warm ischemia"[ti]) AND ("nephrectomy"[mesh] OR "partial nephrectomy"[ti]). An updated search was performed in December 2015...
July 13, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400184/heart-failure-hospitalization-an-important-prognostic-factor-for-heart-failure-re-admission-and-mortality
#20
Ana Ruigómez, Alexander Michel, Mar Martín-Pérez, Luis A García Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated incidence rates and risk factors for heart failure hospitalization (HFH) and mortality starting at initial heart failure (HF) diagnosis. METHODS: Patients with a first ever recorded diagnosis of HF between January 2000 and December 2005 (N=3516) were identified from The Health Improvement Network primary care database and followed until April 2011 to identify HFHs (through linked hospitalization data) and deaths. HF patients were stratified by hospitalization status at HF diagnosis (start date), and hazard ratios (HRs) for HFH and death were estimated using Cox regression...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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