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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791991/erratum-complications-of-arteriovenous-fistula-with-polytetraflouroethylen-grafts-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.146993.].
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770545/how-to-reduce-cisatracurium-consumption-in-ards-patients-the-tof-ards-study
#2
Sami Hraiech, Jean-Marie Forel, Christophe Guervilly, Romain Rambaud, Samuel Lehingue, Mélanie Adda, Pierre Sylla, Sabine Valera, Julien Carvelli, Marc Gainnier, Laurent Papazian, Jérémy Bourenne
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) have been shown to improve the outcome of the most severely hypoxemic, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. However, the recommended dosage as well as the necessity of monitoring the neuromuscular block is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the efficiency of a nurse-directed protocol of NMBA administration based on a train-of-four (TOF) assessment to ensure a profound neuromuscular block and decrease cisatracurium consumption compared to an elevated and constant dose regimen...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738092/the-efficacy-of-jianpi-yiqi-therapy-for-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yun-Kai Dai, Yun-Zhan Zhang, Dan-Yan Li, Jin-Tong Ye, Ling-Feng Zeng, Qi Wang, Ling Hu
Jianpi Yiqi therapy (JYT) is a classical therapy in treating chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), but the clinical effects of it are still contentious. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of JYT for CAG. Seven electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Springer Link, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), VIP (Chinese Scientific Journals Database), Wan-fang database, and CBM (Chinese Biomedicine Database) were searched from their inception to November 1, 2016. 13 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a total of 1119 participants were identified for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701292/short-text-messages-to-encourage-adherence-to-medication-and-follow-up-for-people-with-psychosis-mobile-net-randomized-controlled-trial-in-finland
#4
Maritta Välimäki, Kati Anneli Kannisto, Tero Vahlberg, Heli Hätönen, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: A text messaging service (short message service [SMS]) has the potential to target large groups of people with long-term illnesses such as serious mental disorders, who may have difficulty with treatment adherence. Robust research on the impact of mobile technology interventions for these patients remains scarce. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of our study was to investigate the impact of individually tailored short text messages on the rate of psychiatric hospital readmissions, health care service use, and clinical outcomes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686647/diagnostic-accuracy-of-elisa-for-detecting-serum-midkine-in-cancer-patients
#5
Xuan Jing, Xiangrong Cui, Hongping Liang, Chonghua Hao, Chongyang Han
Midkine (MK) has been reported as the potential novel diagnostic biomarker for cancer in several studies, but their results were controversial. Therefore, we performed a diagnostic meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic value of serum MK in cancer patients. A systematic electronic and manual search was performed for relevant literatures through several databases up to June 1, 2017. The quality of the studies included in the meta-analysis was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) tool...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686483/elevated-resting-heart-rate-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-non-treated-patients-who-underwent-coronary-angiography-potential-role-of-lipoprotein-subfractions
#6
Yan Zhang, Na-Qiong Wu, Rui-Xia Xu, Sha Li, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Ying Gao, Ping Qing, Chuan-Jue Cui, Jing Sun, Jian-Jun Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between resting heart rate (RHR) and lipoprotein subfractions to provide potential evidence for the relationship between RHR and severity of CAD. METHODS: A total of 1119 consecutive non-treated subjects scheduled for coronary angiography were enrolled. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) separation were performed by Lipoprint System. The link of RHR with lipoprotein subfractions was assessed. RESULTS: Increased RHR was significantly associated with higher triglyceride, total cholesterol, non-HDL-cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B (all p < ...
July 7, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670770/are-drowned-donors-marginal-donors-a-single-pediatric-center-experience
#7
Kayla R Kumm, N Thao N Galván, Sarah Koohmaraie, Abbas Rana, Michael Kueht, Katherine Baugh, Liu Hao, Dor Yoeli, Ronald Cotton, Christine A O'Mahony, John A Goss
Drowning, a common cause of death in the pediatric population, is a potentially large donor pool for OLT. Anecdotally, transplant centers have deemed these organs high risk over concerns for infection and graft dysfunction. We theorized drowned donor liver allografts do not portend worse outcomes and therefore should not be excluded from the donation pool. We reviewed our single-center experience of pediatric OLTs between 1988 and 2015 and identified 33 drowned donor recipients. These OLTs were matched 1:2 to head trauma donor OLTs from our center...
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656937/erratum-prevalence-of-depression-among-health-workers-in-enugu-south-east-nigeria
#8
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.151726.].
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631387/umeclidinium-bromide-versus-placebo-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#9
REVIEW
Han Ni, Aung Htet, Soe Moe
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have poor quality of life, reduced survival, and accelerated decline in lung function, especially associated with acute exacerbations, leading to high healthcare costs. Long-acting bronchodilators are the mainstay of treatment for symptomatic improvement, and umeclidinium is one of the new long-acting muscarinic antagonists approved for treatment of patients with stable COPD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of umeclidinium bromide versus placebo for people with stable COPD...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607384/peptide-specific-monoclonal-antibodies-of-leptospiral-liga-for-acute-diagnosis-of-leptospirosis
#10
Murugesan Kanagavel, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Kayanam Vijaya Lalitha Aishwarya, Karuppiah Ponmurugan, Kasi Murugan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Kalimuthusamy Natarajaseenivasan
Leptospirosis is underdiagnosed due to low sensitivity, need of specialised equipment, and expensive reagents for serological and molecular diagnosis respectively. Considering the sensitivity, rapidity, inexpensive reagents and collection of clinical samples, the monoclonal antibody based antigen detection method from urine samples has been developed and evaluated. LigA (LK90) based B-cell specific epitopes were predicted and synthesised as peptides for the production of monoclonal antibody. LK90543: SNAQKNQGNA (amino acids: 543 to 552), and LK901110: DHHTQSSYTP (amino acids: 1110 to 1119) with VaxiJen score of 1...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554377/pharmacological-treatment-options-for-low-bone-mineral-density-and-secondary-osteoporosis-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Lauren Robinson, Victoria Aldridge, Emma M Clark, Madhusmita Misra, Nadia Micali
OBJECTIVE: Although there are several evidence-based treatments available to increase Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and reduce fracture risk in aging men and women, there are still uncertainties regarding which treatments are efficacious in reducing lifetime fracture risk in women with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). METHODS: Medline, PsychInfo, Embase and the Cochrane Database were searched for English Language Studies. Inclusion criteria were studies of females of any age with AN who received pharmacological treatment with the primary aim to increase BMD or reduce fracture risk...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541758/suicide-risk-in-young-men-and-women-after-substance-intoxication
#12
Marlene Stenbacka, Mats Samuelsson, Peter Nordström, Jussi Jokinen
This study investigates suicide and overdoses in 1,119 consecutive patients (64% women), 15 to 34 years of age, presenting at the emergency department after self-poisoning from1994 to 2000 and followed regarding death to 2006. Regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed for suicide and other causes of death. The patients had about a 60 times higher risk (SMR = 61.95) of death due to suicide and 26 times higher (SMR = 26.47) for all-cause mortality. Men had a nearly 2 times higher risk for suicide than women and half of the suicides occurred during the first 2 years after admission...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520519/oil-based-or-water-based-contrast-for-hysterosalpingography-in-infertile-women
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kim Dreyer, Joukje van Rijswijk, Velja Mijatovic, Mariëtte Goddijn, Harold R Verhoeve, Ilse A J van Rooij, Annemieke Hoek, Petra Bourdrez, Annemiek W Nap, Henrike G M Rijnsaardt-Lukassen, Catharina C M Timmerman, Mesrure Kaplan, Angelo B Hooker, Anna P Gijsen, Ron van Golde, Cathelijne F van Heteren, Alexander V Sluijmer, Jan-Peter de Bruin, Jesper M J Smeenk, Jacoba A M de Boer, Eduard Scheenjes, Annette E J Duijn, Alexander Mozes, Marie J Pelinck, Maaike A F Traas, Machiel H A van Hooff, Gijsbertus A van Unnik, Cornelia H de Koning, Nan van Geloven, Jos W R Twisk, Peter G A Hompes, Ben W J Mol
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy rates among infertile women have been reported to increase after hysterosalpingography, but it is unclear whether the type of contrast medium used (oil-based or water-soluble contrast) influences this potential therapeutic effect. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, randomized trial in 27 hospitals in the Netherlands in which infertile women who were undergoing hysterosalpingography were randomly assigned to undergo this procedure with the use of oil-based or water-based contrast...
May 25, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506693/survival-prediction-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-using-radiomics-analyses-of-cone-beam-ct-images
#14
Janna E van Timmeren, Ralph T H Leijenaar, Wouter van Elmpt, Bart Reymen, Cary Oberije, René Monshouwer, Johan Bussink, Carsten Brink, Olfred Hansen, Philippe Lambin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this study we investigated the interchangeability of planning CT and cone-beam CT (CBCT) extracted radiomic features. Furthermore, a previously described CT based prognostic radiomic signature for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients using CBCT based features was validated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One training dataset of 132 and two validation datasets of 62 and 94stage I-IV NSCLC patients were included. Interchangeability was assessed by performing a linear regression on CT and CBCT extracted features...
May 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467457/a-prognostic-model-for-development-of-significant-liver-fibrosis-in-hiv-hepatitis-c-co-infection
#15
Nasheed Moqueet, Cynthia Kanagaratham, M John Gill, Mark Hull, Sharon Walmsley, Danuta Radzioch, Sahar Saeed, Robert W Platt, Marina B Klein
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis progresses rapidly in HIV-Hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected individuals partially due to heightened inflammation. Immune markers targeting stages of fibrogenesis could aid in prognosis of fibrosis. METHODS: A case-cohort study was nested in the prospective Canadian Co-infection Cohort (n = 1119). HCV RNA positive individuals without fibrosis, end-stage liver disease or chronic Hepatitis B at baseline (n = 679) were eligible. A random subcohort (n = 236) was selected from those eligible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450708/elevated-free-triiodothyronine-may-lead-to-female-sexual-dysfunction-in-chinese-urban-women-a-hospital-based-survey
#16
Han Luo, Hongliu Yang, Wanjun Zhao, Qianqian Han, Li Zeng, Huairong Tang, Jingqiang Zhu
Research on female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is limited, especially in China, due to conservative culture and beliefs. There has been a dearth of FSD screening research in China since the optimal cutoff value of the Chinese version of the Female Sexual Function Index (CVFSFI) was determined in 2014. At the same time, the relationship between thyroid hormones and FSD has seldom been explored in Chinese women. Therefore, hospital-based research was conducted to elucidate FSD frequency and risk factors. Women who underwent a check-up at the Health Promotion Center were approached to participate and, if consented, were enrolled in the study...
April 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449053/fresh-fruit-consumption-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-findings-from-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#17
Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Ling Yang, Yu Guo, Timothy J Key, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Robin G Walters, Iona Y Millwood, Junshi Chen, Junzheng Wang, Xue Zhou, Le Fang, Yijun Li, Xianzhi Li, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Zhengming Chen
Background: Higher fruit consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Substantial uncertainties remain, however, about the associations of fruit consumption with all-cause mortality and mortality from subtypes of CVD and major non-vascular diseases, especially in China. Methods: In 2004-08, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank Study recruited > 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years from 10 diverse localities in China. Fresh fruit consumption was estimated using an interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire, and mortality data were collected from death registries...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446242/activity-of-distinct-growth-factor-receptor-network-components-in-breast-tumors-uncovers-two-biologically-relevant-subtypes
#18
Mumtahena Rahman, Shelley M MacNeil, David F Jenkins, Gajendra Shrestha, Sydney R Wyatt, Jasmine A McQuerry, Stephen R Piccolo, Laura M Heiser, Joe W Gray, W Evan Johnson, Andrea H Bild
BACKGROUND: The growth factor receptor network (GFRN) plays a significant role in driving key oncogenic processes. However, assessment of global GFRN activity is challenging due to complex crosstalk among GFRN components, or pathways, and the inability to study complex signaling networks in patient tumors. Here, pathway-specific genomic signatures were used to interrogate GFRN activity in breast tumors and the consequent phenotypic impact of GRFN activity patterns. METHODS: Novel pathway signatures were generated in human primary mammary epithelial cells by overexpressing key genes from GFRN pathways (HER2, IGF1R, AKT1, EGFR, KRAS (G12V), RAF1, BAD)...
April 26, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444907/plant-reproduction-is-altered-by-simulated-herbicide-drift-to-constructed-plant-communities
#19
David Olszyk, Thomas Pfleeger, Tamotsu Shiroyama, Matthew Blakeley-Smith, E Henry Lee, Milton Plocher
Herbicide drift may have unintended impacts on native vegetation, adversely affecting individual species and plant communities. To determine potential ecological effects of herbicide drift, small plant community plots were constructed using nine perennial species found in different Willamette Valley Oregon grassland habitats. Studies were conducted at two Oregon State University farms in two separate years, with single and combined treatments of 0.01 to 0.2 x field application rates (f.a.r.) of 1119 g ha(-1) for glyphosate [active ingredient (a...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429951/-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-results-of-1500-surgeries
#20
J Kočárek, J Heráček, M Čermák, F Chmelík, M Matějková
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is the most common malignant disease in men. The number of cases of prostate cancer has increased dramatically in recent 20 years. Radical prostatectomy is a surgical method for the first-line treatment of localised prostate cancer. We performed the first robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy on December 16th, 2005, achieved the boundary of 1000 robotic-assisted radical prostatectomies in 2012, and in 2015, we successfully completed the 1500th robotic-assisted operation on the prostate...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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