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Wanying Li, Dan Yu, Jingjuan Yu, Dengyun Zhu, Qian Zhao
ZmbZIP25 ( Zea mays bZIP (basic leucine zipper) transcription factor 25) is a function-unknown protein that belongs to the D group of the bZIP transcription factor family. RNA-seq data showed that the expression of ZmbZIP25 was tissue-specific in maize silks, and this specificity was confirmed by RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction). In situ RNA hybridization showed that ZmbZIP25 was expressed exclusively in the xylem of maize silks. A 5' RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) assay identified an adenine residue as the transcription start site of the ZmbZIP25 gene...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Natalia Pascuali, Leopoldina Scotti, Mariana Di Pietro, Gonzalo Oubiña, Diana Bas, María May, Antonio Gómez Muñoz, Patricia S Cuasnicú, Débora J Cohen, Marta Tesone, Dalhia Abramovich, Fernanda Parborell
STUDY QUESTION: Is ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) an ovarian protective agent during alkylating chemotherapy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Local administration of C1P drastically reduces ovarian damage induced by cyclophosphamide (Cy) via protection of follicular reserve, restoration of hormone levels, inhibition of apoptosis and improvement of stromal vasculature, while protecting fertility, oocyte quality and uterine morphology. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cancer-directed therapies cause accelerated loss of ovarian reserve and lead to premature ovarian failure (POF)...
March 9, 2018: Human Reproduction
Yan C Duarte Vera, Silvia V Cáceres Vinueza, Jorge E Daher Nader, Joffre F Lara Terán
INTRODUCTION: A review is presented on the evolution of the pharmacological treatment of heart failure (HF) in the last 25 years, from the concept of treatment with vasodilators to the blocking or inhibition of the renin angiotensin aldosterone system. Beta-adrenergic inhibition and its important contribution in the reduction of morbidity and mortality due to HF will be discussed along with the role of the natriuretic peptides. One of the most important studies in the cardiology area, and specifically in the management of HF, is presented, in which an approach is demonstrated of the modulator of the neurohumoral systems that are activated in these patients...
February 28, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
Fabian Speth, Claas H Hinze, Susanne Andel, Thomas Mertens, Johannes-Peter Haas
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to apply the varicella zoster virus (VZV) vaccine to patients with pediatric rheumatic diseases (PRD) at risk for severe chickenpox, without interrupting their current immunosuppression, including biological agents, using an immunological-based pre-vaccination checklist to assure safety. A pre-vaccination checklist was implemented to ensure adequate immune competence prior to immunization. METHODS: This prospective study included seronegative patients (VZV-IgG ≤200 mIU/ml) and patients who had previously received only a single dose of VZV vaccine...
March 2, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Eric R Coon, Jacob Wilkes, Susan L Bratton, Rajendu Srivastava
OBJECTIVE: Compare trends in coronary artery (CA) abnormality diagnoses to trends in adverse cardiac outcomes among American children with Kawasaki disease (KD) to assess the fit of detection of CA abnormalities to an established model of overdiagnosis. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort. SETTING: 48 US children's hospitals in the Paediatric Health Information System database. PARTICIPANTS: Children <18 years receiving care for KD between 2000 and 2014...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Jessica M Sisto, Fong W Liu, Mitchell E Geffner, Michael L Berman
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an inherited disorder of adrenal steroidogenesis often diagnosed in infancy. Gynecologists may encounter adult patients with CAH due to the clinical effects of increased androgens, e.g. hirsutism, clitoromegaly, oligomenorrhea, or, rarely, pelvic masses. This case report reviews the association of para-ovarian adrenal rest tumors with CAH, and the role of gynecologists in their evaluation and treatment. A 23-year-old woman with CAH (21-hydroxyase deficiency) untreated for the past 5 years presented with a pelvic mass and elevated serum testosterone (1433 ng/dL) and plasma ACTH (1117 pg/mL)...
February 20, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Min Choi, A M James Shapiro, Roger Zemp
This erratum corrects errors with the figure citations in
February 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Hao-Yue Liang, Xue-Lian Cheng, Shu-Xu Dong, Shi-Xuan Zhao, Ying Wang, Yong-Xin Ru
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the Raman spectral characteristics of leukemia cells from 4 patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3) and 3 patients with acute monoblastic leukemia (M5), establish a novel Raman label-free method to distinguish 2 kinds of acute myeloid leukemia cells so as to provide basis for clinical research. METHODS: Leukemia cells were collected from bone marrow of above-mentioned patients. Raman spectra were acquired by Horiba Xplora Raman spectrometer and Raman spectra of 30-50 cells from each patient were recorded...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Kate E Klein, James F Bena, Malissa Mulkey, Nancy M Albert
OBJECTIVES: To determine sustainable impact of an early progressive mobility protocol on mobility level and clinical outcomes. DESIGN/METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, comparative study using three time points (pre-, immediate post-intervention and 12-month post-intervention sustainability). Analyses included comparative statistics and multivariable modelling. Data were collected by clinical nurses, from administrative databases. Psychological health data were collected using a valid, reliable tool...
January 31, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
Fenni Deng, Xiaopei Zhang, Wei Wang, Rui Yuan, Fafu Shen
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent a class of riboregulators that either directly act in long form or are processed into shorter microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are arbitrarily defined as RNA genes larger than 200 nt in length that have no apparent coding potential. lncRNAs have emerged as playing important roles in various biological regulatory processes and are expressed in a more tissue-specific manner than mRNA. Emerging evidence shows that lncRNAs participate in stress-responsive regulation...
January 25, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Zhixue Bai, Wenhao Dong, Yipeng Ren, Cong Zhang, Qiang Chen
The flourish of nanotechnology has brought new vitality to the research and development of electrochemical sensing materials. In this work, we successfully synthesized Nano Au & Pt alloy microspheres decorated with reduced graphene oxide (RGO/nAPAMSs) by a simple, facile and eco-friendly one-step reduction strategy for the fabrication of highly sensitive non-enzymatic H2O2 sensing interfaces. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mapping (EDX mapping), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyzer (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction spectrum (XRD) were employed to characterize RGO/nAPAMSs from a microscopic perspective...
January 16, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
A M Laino, E G Berry, K Jagirdar, K J Lee, D L Duffy, H P Soyer, R A Sturm
BACKGROUND: Iris naevi and iris freckles have a frequency of 4% and 50% in the European population. They are associated with dysplastic naevi, but few studies examine their link to cutaneous melanoma. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether iris pigmented lesions are a predictive indicator for cutaneous melanoma. METHODS: This is a melanoma case-control study of 1254 European-background Australians. Sun exposure and melanoma history, a saliva sample for DNA analysis, and eye photographs taken with a digital camera were collected from 1117 participants...
January 8, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Kanu Okike, Peter Z Berger, Carrie Schoonover, Robert V O Toole
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether orthopedic resident and fellow case logs accurately reflect trainee case volume. DESIGN: For each orthopedic case performed at our institution between 7/1/14 and 10/31/14, the names of trainees who participated were obtained from the chart. The trainee Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case logs were queried to determine if the procedure in question was logged and, if so, which current procedural terminology (CPT) codes were reported...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Stefan Felder, Thomas Mayrhofer
The well-established a priori probability of illness threshold in medical decision making, introduced by Pauker and Kassirer (N Engl J Med 293:229-234, 1975; N Engl J Med 302:1109-1117, 1980), involves the diagnostic risk only. We generalize the threshold analysis by adding the therapeutic risk, i.e., in accounting for the risk that a treatment might sometimes fail. We derive a priori probability of illness threshold as a function of the probability of successful treatment, as well as the inverted function, where the successful treatment probability threshold is a function of the a priori probability of illness...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
Reut Avinun, Adam Nevo, Annchen R Knodt, Maxwell L Elliott, Ahmad R Hariri
BACKGROUND: Low replication rates are a concern in most, if not all, scientific disciplines. In psychiatric genetics specifically, targeting intermediate brain phenotypes, which are more closely associated with putative genetic effects, was touted as a strategy leading to increased power and replicability. In the current study, we attempted to replicate previously published associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms and threat-related amygdala reactivity, which represents a robust brain phenotype not only implicated in the pathophysiology of multiple disorders, but also used as a biomarker of future risk...
November 16, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
Sittichoke Prachuapthunyachart, Chaowapong Jarasvaraparn, David A Gremse
Background: Esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring has become one of the preferred tests to correlate observed reflux-like behaviors with esophageal reflux events. The Gastroesophageal reflux disease Assessment Symptom Questionnaire is a validated tool used to distinguish infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease from healthy children. The aim of this study was to determine whether the Gastroesophageal reflux disease Assessment Symptom Questionnaire composite symptom scores and individual symptom scores correlate with outcomes in esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
Souvik Banerjee, Carl L Roland, Richard Willke, Jack Mardekian, Louis P Garrison
Prescription opioids are among the most effective analgesics to treat moderate to severe pain; however, little is known about the use of prescription opioids in children, particularly those receiving an extended-release formulation for the treatment of chronic pain. In this retrospective study, the authors determined the prevalence of prescription opioid use among 7-17-year-old children and associated comorbid health conditions from 2010 to 2013 using Truven Health MarketScan (MarketScan) and Optum Clinformatics DataMart (Optum)...
September 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
D Khadzhynov, F Halleck, L Lehner, D Schmidt, E Schrezenmeier, K Budde, O Staeck
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyze the long-term immunologic outcomes of living-related kidney transplantations depending on the donor-recipient relationship. METHODS: This retrospective single-center study included adult kidney transplant recipients (KTR) transplanted between 2000 and 2014. Among 1117 KTRs, 178 patients (15.9%) received living-related donations. Those patients were further categorized according to the donor-recipient relationship: 65 transplantations between siblings, 39 father-to-child (F-t-C) and 74 mother-to-child (M-t-C) donations...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
Rene Aigner, Juliana Hack, Daphne Eschbach, Steffen Ruchholtz, Matthias Knobe, Richard Dodel, Benjamin Buecking
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures have increased medical and socio-economic importance due to demographic transition. Information concerning direct treatment costs and their reimbursement in Germany is lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred two hip fracture patients older than 60 years of age were observed prospectively at a German University Hospital. Treatment costs were determined with up to 196 cost factors and compared to the reimbursement. Finally, statistical analysis was performed to identify clinical parameters influencing the cost-reimbursement relation...
March 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Asaf Shemer, Shaye Kivity, Yehuda Shoenfeld
BACKGROUND: Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) are a biologic product originally developed to treat immunocompromised patients. In the past decades, there has been increased utilization of IVIG in autoimmune conditions. The objectives were to evaluate the clinical use of IVIG in the largest tertiary medical center in Israel and to determine top uses, estimate off-label usage, and assess consumption of this blood product. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an observational, retrospective study involving all patients who received IVIG from 2007 through 2015...
February 2018: Transfusion
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