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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248333/superresolved-spatially-multiplexed-interferometric-microscopy
#1
José Ángel Picazo-Bueno, Zeev Zalevsky, Javier García, Vicente Micó
Superresolution capability by angular and time multiplexing is implemented onto a regular microscope. The technique, named superresolved spatially multiplexed interferometric microscopy (S2MIM), follows our previously reported SMIM technique [Opt. Express22, 14929 (2014)OPEXFF1094-408710.1364/OE.22.014929, J. Biomed. Opt.21, 106007 (2016)JBOPFO1083-366810.1117/1.JBO.21.10.106007] improved with superresolved imaging. All together, S2MIM updates a commercially available non-holographic microscope into a superresolved holographic one...
March 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246253/association-between-statin-use-and-ischemic-stroke-or-major-hemorrhage-in-patients-taking-dabigatran-for-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Tony Antoniou, Erin M Macdonald, Zhan Yao, Simon Hollands, Tara Gomes, Mina Tadrous, Muhammad M Mamdani, David N Juurlink
BACKGROUND: Dabigatran etexilate is a prodrug whose absorption is opposed by intestinal P-glycoprotein and which is converted by carboxylesterase to its active form, dabigatran. Unlike other statins, simvastatin and lovastatin are potent inhibitors of P-glycoprotein and carboxylesterase, and might either increase the risk of hemorrhage with dabigatran etexilate or decrease its effectiveness. METHODS: We conducted 2 population-based, nested case-control studies involving Ontario residents 66 years of age and older who started dabigatran etexilate between May 1, 2012, and Mar...
January 9, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238606/comparison-of-associations-of-dxa-and-ct-visceral-adipose-tissue-measures-with-insulin-resistance-lipid-levels-and-inflammatory-markers
#3
John T Schousboe, Lisa Langsetmo, Ann V Schwartz, Brent C Taylor, Tien N Vo, Allyson M Kats, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Eric S Orwoll, Lynn M Marshall, Iva Miljkovic, Nancy E Lane, Kristine E Ensrud
Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) measured by computed tomography (CT) is related to insulin resistance, lipids, and serum inflammatory markers. Our objective was to compare the strength of the associations of VAT measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA-VAT) and CT (CT-VAT) with insulin resistance, serum lipids, and serum markers of inflammation. For 1117 men aged 65 and older enrolled in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study, the cross-sectional associations of DXA-VAT and CT-VAT with homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (homa2ir), C-reactive protein, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were estimated with regression models and compared using a Hausman test...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160707/optimization-of-cellulose-and-sugarcane-bagasse-oxidation-application-for-adsorptive-removal-of-crystal-violet-and-auramine-o-from-aqueous-solution
#4
Luide Rodrigo Martins, Josilene Aparecida Vieira Rodrigues, Oscar Fernando Herrera Adarme, Tânia Márcia Sacramento Melo, Leandro Vinícius Alves Gurgel, Laurent Frédéric Gil
Cellulose (Cel) and sugarcane bagasse (SB) were oxidized with an H3PO4-NaNO2 mixture to obtain adsorbent materials with high contents of carboxylic groups. The oxidation reactions of Cel and SB were optimized using design of experiments (DOE) and response surface methodology (RSM). The optimized synthesis conditions yielded Cox and SBox with 4.8mmol/g and 4.5mmol/g of carboxylic acid groups, respectively. Cox and SBox were characterized by FTIR, TGA, PZC and solid-state (13)C NMR. The adsorption of the model cationic dyes crystal violet (CV) and auramine-O (AO) on Cox and SBox in aqueous solution was investigated as a function of the solution pH, the contact time and the initial dye concentration...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160501/population-genetic-analysis-of-a-parasitic-mycovirus-to-infer-the-invasion-history-of-its-fungal-host
#5
Corine N Schoebel, Leticia Botella, Vaidotas Lygis, Daniel Rigling
Hymenoscyphus fraxineus mitovirus 1 (HfMV1) occurs in the fungus Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, an introduced plant pathogen responsible for the devastating ash dieback epidemic in Europe. Here, we explored the prevalence and genetic structure of HfMV1 in order to elucidate the invasion history of both the virus and the fungal host. A total of 1298 H. fraxineus isolates (181 from Japan and 1117 from Europe) were screened for the presence of this RNA virus and 301 virus-positive isolates subjected to partial sequence analysis of the viral RNA polymerase gene...
February 4, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138433/organic-matter-from-benthic-foraminifera-ammonia-beccarii-shells-by-ft-ir-spectroscopy-a-study-on-tupilipalem-south-east-coast-of-india
#6
G Sreenivasulu, N Jayaraju, B C Sundara Raja Reddy, T Lakshmi Prasad, K Nagalakshmi, B Lakshmanna
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to study the variations in organic matters of benthic foraminifera (Ammonia beccarii) from four samples collected from beach environments from brackish environments along Tupilipalem coast (South east coast of India). Common absorption bands were observed as peaks in the range of 3600-3400 cm(-1), 3000-2850 cm(-1), 1750-1740 cm(-1), 1640-1600 cm(-1), 1450-1350 cm(-1), 885-870 cm(-1) and 725-675 cm(-1) in all the shells of Ammonia beccarii. The FTIR spectrum of station-1 represents the presence of alkanes (CH3) and alkyl halide (C-F stretching) with absorptions at the range 1385-1255 and 1350-1150 cm(-1) were observed and ether (C-O stretching) absorption band was observed at stations 1 and 3 with wavenumber of 1115 cm(-1) and 1117 cm(-1) respectively...
2017: MethodsX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105554/engagement-with-genetic-information-and-uptake-of-genetic-testing-the-role-of-trust-and-personal-cancer-history
#7
Megan C Roberts, Jennifer M Taber, William M Klein
We used national survey data to (1) determine the extent to which individuals trust the sources from which they are most likely to receive information about cancer-related genetic tests (BRCA1/2, Lynch syndrome), (2) examine how level of trust for sources of genetic information might be related to cancer-related genetic testing uptake, and (3) determine whether key factors, such as cancer history and numeracy, moderate the latter association. We used cross-sectional data from the Health Information National Trends Survey...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096652/erratum-macular-morphology-and-response-to-ranibizumab-treatment-in-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-corrigendum
#8
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 1117 in vol. 10, PMID: 27366051.].
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096001/reliability-and-validity-of-the-cope-index-among-caregivers-of-disabled-people
#9
Kristiina Juntunen, Riku Nikander, Timo Törmäkangas, Päivi Tillman, Anna-Liisa Salminen
AIM: To study the reliability and validity of the Carers of Older People in Europe (COPE) Index among caregivers of disabled people of different ages. METHODS: A cross-sectional design of Finnish caregivers (n=1117). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed separately on samples of three different age groups, and the internal consistencies of the subscales were investigated. RESULTS: Three factors were identified; Cronbach's alpha was 0...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018940/errata-enhanced-resolution-pulse-echo-imaging-with-stabilized-pulses
#10
Shujie Chen, Kevin J Parker
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1117/1.JMI.3.2.027003.].
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957697/benefit-of-slit-and-scit-for-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma
#11
REVIEW
Giovanni Passalacqua, Giorgio Walter Canonica, Diego Bagnasco
Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) has been in use since more than one century, when Leonard Noon experimentally proved its efficacy in hayfever (Noon, in Lancet 1:1572-3, 1911). Since then, AIT was administered only as subcutaneous injections (SCIT) until the sublingual route (SLIT) was proposed in 1986. The use of SLIT was proposed following several surveys from the USA and UK that repeatedly reported fatalities due to SCIT (Lockey et al. in J Allergy Clin Immunol 75(1): 166, 1985; Lockey et al. in J Allergy Clin Immunol 660-77, 1985; Committee on the safety of medicines...
November 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850754/1117-staff-safety-during-interfacility-pediatric-ambulance-transport
#12
Joonghyun Ahn, Kyle Candela, Philomena Costabile, Eric Henderson, Sarabdeep Singh, Oritsetimeyin Moju, Theophilus Moss, Corina Noje
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803942/errata-spectral-response-model-for-a-multibin-photon-counting-spectral-computed-tomography-detector-and-its-applications
#13
Xuejin Liu, Mats Persson, Hans Bornefalk, Staffan Karlsson, Cheng Xu, Mats Danielsson, Ben Huber
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1117/1.JMI.2.3.033502.].
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769082/nursing-student-self-efficacy-in-psychomotor-skills-findings-from-a-validation-longitudinal-and-correlational-study
#14
Giampiera Bulfone, Roberta Fida, Valerio Ghezzi, Loreana Macale, Alessandro Sili, Rosaria Alvaro, Alvisa Palese
Student perceptions of self-efficacy (SE) prevent stress and burnout and improve engagement in nursing education, thus increasing learning outcomes. The study aims were to (1) validate a scale measuring nursing SE in psychomotor skills (NSE-PS), (2) describe changes in NSE-PS over time, and (3) explore NSE-PS correlations with burnout and engagement. A total of 1117 nursing students participated. A significant increase in the NSE-PS scores over the years has emerged; in addition, all NSE-PS dimensions were correlated negatively with burnout and positively with engagement...
November 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729386/higher-chylomicron-remnants-and-ldl-particle-numbers-associate-with-cd36-snps-and-dna-methylation-sites-that-reduce-cd36
#15
Latisha Love-Gregory, Aldi T Kraja, Fiona Allum, Stella Aslibekyan, Åsa K Hedman, Yanan Duan, Ingrid B Borecki, Donna K Arnett, Mark I McCarthy, Panos Deloukas, Jose M Ordovas, Paul N Hopkins, Elin Grundberg, Nada A Abumrad
Cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) variants influence fasting lipids and risk of metabolic syndrome, but their impact on postprandial lipids, an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is unclear. We determined the effects of SNPs within a ∼410 kb region encompassing CD36 and its proximal and distal promoters on chylomicron (CM) remnants and LDL particles at fasting and at 3.5 and 6 h following a high-fat meal (Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network study, n = 1,117). Five promoter variants associated with CMs, four with delayed TG clearance and five with LDL particle number...
December 2016: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727019/validation-of-a-clinical-grade-assay-to-measure-donor-derived-cell-free-dna-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#16
Marica Grskovic, David J Hiller, Lane A Eubank, John J Sninsky, Cindy Christopherson, John P Collins, Kathryn Thompson, Mindy Song, Yue S Wang, David Ross, Mitchell J Nelles, James P Yee, Judith C Wilber, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Susan L Scott, Robert N Woodward
The use of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) as a biomarker in transplant recipients offers advantages over invasive tissue biopsy as a quantitative measure for detection of transplant rejection and immunosuppression optimization. However, the fraction of donor-derived cfDNA (dd-cfDNA) in transplant recipient plasma is low and challenging to quantify. Previously reported methods to measure dd-cfDNA require donor and recipient genotyping, which is impractical in clinical settings and adds cost. We developed a targeted next-generation sequencing assay that uses 266 single-nucleotide polymorphisms to accurately quantify dd-cfDNA in transplant recipients without separate genotyping...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692321/ectoparasites-of-free-roaming-domestic-cats-in-the-central-united-states
#17
Jennifer E Thomas, Lesa Staubus, Jaime L Goolsby, Mason V Reichard
Free-roaming domestic cat (Felis catus) populations serve as a valuable resource for studying ectoparasite prevalence. While they share a similar environment as owned cats, free-roaming cats do not receive routine veterinary care or ectoparasiticide application, giving insight into parasite risks for owned animals. We examined up to 673 infested cats presented to a trap-neuter-return (TNR) clinic in the central United States. Ectoparasite prevalences on cats were as follows: fleas (71.6%), ticks (18.7%), Felicola subrostratus (1...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676760/identification-of-a-voluntary-overcontrol-of-postural-sway-from-static-stabilometric-assessment
#18
David Gasq, Morgane Lainard, Laure Kaluza, Philippe Dupui, David Amarantini
OBJECTIVE: When subjects present medically unexplained postural instability, a voluntary overcontrol of postural sway is often suspected. Aphysiologic postural imbalance may be detected in dynamic conditions on a servo-controlled platform (Equitest), but it remains difficult to objectify from static stabilometric evaluation. Our objective was to identify the key stabilometric parameters that allow to discriminate subjects with voluntary postural instability, control subjects and neurological patients with organic postural instability...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660802/errata-quantum-mechanism-of-light-transmission-by-the-intermediate-filaments-in-some-specialized-optically-transparent-cells
#19
Vladimir Makarov, Lidia Zueva, Tatiana Golubeva, Elena Korneeva, Igor Khmelinskii, Mikhail Inyushin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1117/1.NPh.4.1.011005.].
January 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627666/a-breaking-down-of-the-mediterranean-diet-in-the-land-where-it-was-discovered-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-the-young-generation-of-adolescents-in-the-heart-of-cilento-southern-italy
#20
R Saulle, G Del Prete, M Stelmach-Mardas, M De Giusti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: To investigate dietary habits among young people in the Mediterranean lands, exactly where the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet (MD) were discovered by Ancel Keys. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design. METHODS: A 10-items food-frequency questionnaire was administered to 1117 students in the schools of the Cilento area. Adherence to the MD was appraised according to a scale of 0-10. A logistic regression model was used to identify possible factors associated with "Following an unhealthy diet"...
September 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
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