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Joonghyun Ahn, Kyle Candela, Philomena Costabile, Eric Henderson, Sarabdeep Singh, Oritsetimeyin Moju, Theophilus Moss, Corina Noje
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Xuejin Liu, Mats Persson, Hans Bornefalk, Staffan Karlsson, Cheng Xu, Mats Danielsson, Ben Huber
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1117/1.JMI.2.3.033502.].
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
Giampiera Bulfone, Roberta Fida, Valerio Ghezzi, Loreana Macale, Alessandro Sili, Rosaria Alvaro, Alvisa Palese
Student perceptions of self-efficacy (SE) prevent stress and burnout and improve engagement in nursing education, thus increasing learning outcomes. The study aims were to (1) validate a scale measuring nursing SE in psychomotor skills (NSE-PS), (2) describe changes in NSE-PS over time, and (3) explore NSE-PS correlations with burnout and engagement. A total of 1117 nursing students participated. A significant increase in the NSE-PS scores over the years has emerged; in addition, all NSE-PS dimensions were correlated negatively with burnout and positively with engagement...
November 2016: Nurse Educator
Latisha Love-Gregory, Aldi T Kraja, Fiona Allum, Stella Aslibekyan, Åsa K Hedman, Yanan Duan, Ingrid B Borecki, Donna K Arnett, Mark I McCarthy, Panos Deloukas, Jose M Ordovas, Paul N Hopkins, Elin Grundberg, Nada A Abumrad
Cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) variants influence fasting lipids and risk of metabolic syndrome, but their impact on postprandial lipids, an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is unclear. We determined the effects of SNPs within a ∼410 kb region encompassing CD36 and its proximal and distal promoters on chylomicron (CM) remnants and LDL particles at fasting and at 3.5 and 6 h following a high-fat meal (Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network study, n = 1,117). Five promoter variants associated with CMs, four with delayed TG clearance and five with LDL particle number...
December 2016: Journal of Lipid Research
Marica Grskovic, David J Hiller, Lane A Eubank, John J Sninsky, Cindy Christopherson, John P Collins, Kathryn Thompson, Mindy Song, Yue S Wang, David Ross, Mitchell J Nelles, James P Yee, Judith C Wilber, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Susan L Scott, Robert N Woodward
The use of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) as a biomarker in transplant recipients offers advantages over invasive tissue biopsy as a quantitative measure for detection of transplant rejection and immunosuppression optimization. However, the fraction of donor-derived cfDNA (dd-cfDNA) in transplant recipient plasma is low and challenging to quantify. Previously reported methods to measure dd-cfDNA require donor and recipient genotyping, which is impractical in clinical settings and adds cost. We developed a targeted next-generation sequencing assay that uses 266 single-nucleotide polymorphisms to accurately quantify dd-cfDNA in transplant recipients without separate genotyping...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
Jennifer E Thomas, Lesa Staubus, Jaime L Goolsby, Mason V Reichard
Free-roaming domestic cat (Felis catus) populations serve as a valuable resource for studying ectoparasite prevalence. While they share a similar environment as owned cats, free-roaming cats do not receive routine veterinary care or ectoparasiticide application, giving insight into parasite risks for owned animals. We examined up to 673 infested cats presented to a trap-neuter-return (TNR) clinic in the central United States. Ectoparasite prevalences on cats were as follows: fleas (71.6%), ticks (18.7%), Felicola subrostratus (1...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
David Gasq, Morgane Lainard, Laure Kaluza, Philippe Dupui, David Amarantini
OBJECTIVE: When subjects present medically unexplained postural instability, a voluntary overcontrol of postural sway is often suspected. Aphysiologic postural imbalance may be detected in dynamic conditions on a servo-controlled platform (Equitest), but it remains difficult to objectify from static stabilometric evaluation. Our objective was to identify the key stabilometric parameters that allow to discriminate subjects with voluntary postural instability, control subjects and neurological patients with organic postural instability...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Vladimir Makarov, Lidia Zueva, Tatiana Golubeva, Elena Korneeva, Igor Khmelinskii, Mikhail Inyushin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1117/1.NPh.4.1.011005.].
January 2017: Neurophotonics
R Saulle, G Del Prete, M Stelmach-Mardas, M De Giusti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: To investigate dietary habits among young people in the Mediterranean lands, exactly where the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet (MD) were discovered by Ancel Keys. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design. METHODS: A 10-items food-frequency questionnaire was administered to 1117 students in the schools of the Cilento area. Adherence to the MD was appraised according to a scale of 0-10. A logistic regression model was used to identify possible factors associated with "Following an unhealthy diet"...
September 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Janet Buckworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Nicolas Fernandez, Rebeca Escobar, Ignacio Zarante
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias is a congenital abnormality of the penis, in which there is incomplete development of the distal urethra. There are numerous reports showing na increase of prevalence of hypospadias. Association of craniofacial malformations in patients diagnosed with hypospadias is rare. The aim of this study is to describe the association between hypospadias and craniofacial congenital anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the Latin-American collaborative study of congenital malformations (ECLAMC) data was performed between January 1982 and December 2011...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Zhihao Jia, Mengqiang Wang, Xiudan Wang, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
Receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) is a WD-domain repeating protein which involves in the mediation of various biological processes, including innate immune response. In the present study, a RACK1 (designed as EsRACK1) gene from Chinese mitten crab E. sinensis was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technique. The full-length cDNA sequence of EsRACK1 was of 1117 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 957 bp encoding a polypeptide of 318 amino acids containing seven WD repeats. EsRACK1 shared 62%-99% similarities with previously identified RACK1s in amino acid sequence, and it was clustered with the RACK1 from Pacifastacus leniusculus in the phylogenetic tree...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
A Sakthivel Selvan, I D Gupta, A Verma, M V Chaudhari, A Magotra
AIM: The present study was undertaken with the objectives to characterize and to analyze combined genotypes of cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14) gene to explore its association with clinical mastitis in Karan Fries (KF) cows maintained in the National Dairy Research Institute herd, Karnal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted using blood of randomly selected 94 KF lactating cattle by phenol-chloroform method. After checking its quality and quantity, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out using six sets of reported gene-specific primers to amplify complete KF CD14 gene...
July 2016: Veterinary World
Junzhe Chen, Ying Tang, Mingsheng Zhu, Anping Xu
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most important causes of the disability and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The present study examined the cardiac abnormalities in patients with SLE by echocardiography. Case-control studies were obtained by searching PubMed MEDLINE, Embase, and MD Consult. Systemic review and meta-analysis were performed to assess the cardiac abnormalities based on the changes in the echocardiography in patients with SLE. Twenty-two studies including 1117 SLE patients and 901 healthy controls were enrolled into this study...
October 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Tomáš Tyc, Stephen Oxburgh, Euan N Cowie, Gregory J Chaplain, Gavin Macauley, Chris D White, Johannes Courtial
We present a design for an omnidirectional transformation-optics (TO) cloak comprising thin lenses and glenses (generalized thin lenses) [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A33, 962 (2016)1084-7529JOAOD610.1364/JOSAA.33.000962]. It should be possible to realize such devices in pixelated form. Our design is a piecewise nonaffine generalization of piecewise affine pixelated-TO devices [Proc. SPIE9193, 91931E (2014)PSISDG0277-786X10.1117/12.2061404; J. Opt18, 044009 (2016)]. It is intended to be a step in the direction of TO devices made entirely from lenses, which should be readily realizable on large length scales and for a broad range of wavelengths...
June 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
László Romics, Judit Kocsis, Katalin Ormándi, Béla Ákos Molnár
INTRODUCTION: Screening, prevention and treatment of familial breast cancer require a multidisciplinary approach. New guidelines were published in the United Kingdom for the management of familial breast cancer. AIM: The authors summarise these new guidelines and analyse the relevant practice in Hungary. METHOD: Relevant guidelines of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and Familial Breast Cancer Report (NHS Scotland) are described...
July 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
N Urban, M R Boivin, D N Cowan
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data suggest an association between overweight/obesity and asthma. However, less is known about the relationship between physical fitness and asthma. AIMS: To enumerate new-onset asthma diagnoses in Army recruits during the first 2 years of service and determine associations with fitness and excess body fat (EBF) at military entrance. METHODS: New asthma diagnoses over 2 years in Army recruits at six entrance stations were obtained from military health and personnel records...
October 2016: Occupational Medicine
Sam R Emerson, Stephanie P Kurti, Brian S Snyder, Karthikeyan Sitaraman, Mark D Haub, Sara K Rosenkranz
BACKGROUND: The transient rise in blood lipids following a high-fat meal (HFM), known as postprandial lipemia, is linked to systemic inflammation and cardiovascular disease, but can be blunted by exercise. However, minimal research has investigated the effects of realistic exercise bouts on postprandial lipemia and inflammation in at-risk individuals. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise lasting 30 or 60 min performed the evening before a HFM, on postprandial lipemia and inflammation in overweight, insufficiently active men...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
D Sebring, H Dimenäs, S Engstrand, T Kvist
AIM: To investigate referrals to a specialist clinic in Endodontics in relation to previously root filled teeth and to determine how many of these teeth had a history of symptoms and the extent to which antibiotics were prescribed. METHODOLOGY: The total number of referrals to the specialist clinic in endodontics in Gothenburg, Sweden in 2011 was investigated retrospectively by means of patient records. The endodontic status together with the presence or absence of symptoms was registered...
June 16, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Wei Zheng, Ying-Qiang Xiang, Xian-Bin Li, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Feng Sun, Carl D'Arcy, Xiangfei Meng, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of huperzine A (HupA), an isolate of Huperzine serrata, in the treatment of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. METHODS: PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, WanFang, Chinese Biomedical, and China Journal Net databases were searched from inception to 15 July 2015 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in English or Chinese of HupA augmentation of antipsychotic drug therapy versus placebo or ongoing antipsychotic treatment...
July 2016: Human Psychopharmacology
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