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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173059/phylogenomic-reconstruction-of-sportive-lemurs-genus-lepilemur-recovered-from-mitogenomes-with-inferences-for-madagascar-biogeography
#1
Runhua Lei, Cynthia L Frasier, Melissa T R Hawkins, Shannon E Engberg, Carolyn A Bailey, Steig E Johnson, Adam T McLain, Colin P Groves, George H Perry, Stephen D Nash, Russell A Mittermeier, Edward E Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122298/stress-vulnerability-in-male-youth-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#2
Michael Kaess, Peter Parzer, Laura Mehl, Luisa Weil, Esther Strittmatter, Franz Resch, Julian Koenig
Internet Gaming Disorder [IGD] was introduced as new behavioral addiction in DSM-5 Section 3. Vulnerability to stress is a potential predisposing factor for IGD. Given a lack of preexisting empirical data, the study investigated differences in the psychological and neurobiological response to acute stress in patients with IGD. 24 young men (mean age 18.38 years; range 13-25 years) fulfilling DSM-5 criteria for IGD and 25 matched controls underwent the Trier Social Stress Test [TSST]. Participants provided hair samples for the analysis of basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal [HPA] axis activity and clinical interviews were conducted to assess psychopathology...
January 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090739/obesity-related-genetic-polymorphisms-and-adiposity-indices-in-a-young-italian-population
#3
Laura Bordoni, Francesca Marchegiani, Marco Piangerelli, Valerio Napolioni, Rosita Gabbianelli
Pediatric obesity develops when a complex biological predisposition collides with an obesogenic environment. To further elucidate the role of genetics in obesity onset, we performed a candidate-gene association study in a young and sportive Italian population by testing the association of functional polymorphisms in ACE (rs4646994), FTO (rs9939609), MC4R (rs17782313) and PPARG (rs1801282) genes with body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). We also tested the combinations of identified risk genotypes and epistatic interactions among them to determine the existence of cumulative effects in predicting the predisposition to gain weight...
February 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081146/maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-affects-testicular-and-bone-development-glucose-metabolism-and-response-to-overnutrition-in-weaned-horses-up-to-two-years
#4
Morgane Robles, Camille Gautier, Luis Mendoza, Pauline Peugnet, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Isabelle Caudron, Isabelle Guenon, Sylvaine Camous, Anne Tarrade, Laurence Wimel, Didier Serteyn, Hélène Bouraima-Lelong, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant mares and post-weaning foals are often fed concentrates rich in soluble carbohydrates, together with forage. Recent studies suggest that the use of concentrates is linked to alterations of metabolism and the development of osteochondrosis in foals. The aim of this study was to determine if broodmare diet during gestation affects metabolism, osteoarticular status and growth of yearlings overfed from 20 to 24 months of age and/or sexual maturity in prepubertal colts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993498/pediatric-vocal-fold-nodule-etiology-what-are-its-usual-causes-in-children
#5
Arzu Tuzuner, Sule Demirci, Haldun Oguz, Kursat Murat Ozcan
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the relation between phonotrauma and presence of siblings and social activities was investigated, and the incidence of voice disorders in the mothers of children with vocal fold nodules was studied with objective (clinical voice analysis) and subjective (laryngostroboscopy, Voice Handicap Index) methods. METHODS: Twenty-nine children with vocal fold nodules (age range 5-14 years), 45 age-matched children without any voice disorders as a control group, and their mothers were included in the study...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866232/surgical-treatment-of-two-adolescent-athletes-with-dislocated-avulsion-fracture-of-the-anterior-superior-iliac-spine-asis
#6
Lukas Willinger, Jakob E Schanda, Stephan Lorenz, Andreas B Imhoff, Stefan Buchmann
INTRODUCTION: Avulsion fractures of the anterior superior iliac spine are rare. Therefore, evidence-based treatment guidelines do not exist. The therapeutic options are either conservative treatment or surgical intervention. The decision depends on grade of dislocation, age of the patient, and his sportive demands and competitive requirements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the cases of two young athletes suffering from traumatic avulsion fractures of the anterior superior iliac spine...
February 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760787/phylogenomic-reconstruction-of-sportive-lemurs-genus-lepilemur-recovered-from-mitogenomes-with-inferences-for-madagascar-biogeography
#7
Runhua Lei, Cynthia L Frasier, Melissa T R Hawkins, Shannon E Engberg, Carolyn A Bailey, Steig E Johnson, Adam T McLain, Colin P Groves, George H Perry, Stephen D Nash, Russell A Mittermeier, Edward E Louis
The family Lepilemuridae includes 26 species of sportive lemurs, most of which were recently described. The cryptic morphological differences confounded taxonomy until recent molecular studies; however, some species' boundaries remain uncertain. To better understand the genus Lepilemur, we analyzed 35 complete mitochondrial genomes representing all recognized 26 sportive lemur taxa and estimated divergence dates. With our dataset we recovered 25 reciprocally monophyletic lineages, as well as an admixed clade containing Lepilemur mittermeieri and Lepilemur dorsalis Using modern distribution data, an ancestral area reconstruction and an ecological vicariance analysis were performed to trace the history of diversification and to test biogeographic hypotheses...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699458/long-term-outcome-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear-without-reconstruction-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#8
Christian Konrads, Stephan Reppenhagen, Daniel Belder, Sascha Goebel, Maximilian Rudert, Thomas Barthel
PURPOSE: To analyse subjective and objective long-term outcomes of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knees and limited demands regarding sportive activities. This subgroup of patients might be well-treated without ligament reconstruction. METHODS: We included 303 patients with unilateral tears of the ACL and conservative treatment into a prospective study. Mean age at injury was 33.8 (min. 18, max. 66) years. Follow-up was 27.1 (min. 21.3, max...
November 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692751/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-sports-patients
#9
B Pavy, J Darchis, E Merle, M Caillon
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) addresses for the greater part a middle-aged sedentary population. Nevertheless, some patients referred in CR are active or sportive, and care for these patients is less known. AIM OF THE STUDY: To compare the results of CR between a little or not active population and an active or athletic population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Every patient referred in a CR department in Loire-Atlantique between 2010 and 2016 were included either in the group 1 (sedentary or little active) or in the group 2 (at least once a week physical training)...
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636403/game-specific-characteristics-of-sport-related-concussions
#10
Ingo Helmich
BACKGROUND: Concussions are common incidences in sports. However, game-specific characteristics such as tactics, field positions, etc. might positively/negatively contribute to the occurrence of mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) in various sports such as soccer, volleyball, handball, or basketball. Thus, the intention of this study was to analyze game- specific characteristics of concussive incidents in active players from the perspective of different sportive disciplines. METHODS: Four sport-specific questionnaires for soccer, handball, volleyball and basketball were established using an online survey tool...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604983/do-experts-see-it-in-slow-motion-altered-timing-of-action-simulation-uncovers-domain-specific-perceptual-processing-in-expert-athletes
#11
Carmelo M Vicario, Stergios Makris, Cosimo Urgesi
Accurate encoding of the spatio-temporal properties of others' actions is essential for the successful implementation of daily activities and, even more, for successful sportive performance, given its role in movement coordination and action anticipation. Here we investigated whether athletes are provided with special perceptual processing of spatio-temporal properties of familiar sportive actions. Basketball and volleyball players and novices were presented with short video-clips of free basketball throws that were partially occluded ahead of realization and were asked to judge whether a subsequently presented pose was either taken from the same throw depicted in the occluded video (action identification task) or temporally congruent with the expected course of the action during the occlusion period (explicit timing task)...
September 7, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527556/the-reproducibility-of-different-metabolic-markers-for-muscle-fiber-type-distributions-investigated-by-functional-31-p-mrs-during-dynamic-exercise
#12
Reinhard Rzanny, Norman Stutzig, Patrick Hiepe, Alexander Gussew, Hans-Alexander Thorhauer, Jürgen R Reichenbach
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to investigate the reproducibility of exercise induced pH-heterogeneity by splitting of the inorganic phosphate (Pi) signal in the corresponding (31)P-MRS spectra and to compare results of this approach with other fiber-type related markers, like phosphocreatine/adenosine triphosphate (PCr/ATP) ratio, and PCr-recovery parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subjects (N=3) with different sportive background were tested in 10 test sessions separated by at least 3 days...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Medizinische Physik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451515/-adolescent-and-physical-activity-addi-c-tive-excesses
#13
Stéphane Tercier, Boris Gojanovic, Sarah Depallens, Sophie Vust, Emmanuelle Ambresin
Benefits of physical activity during adolescence have widely been demonstrated. Yet, raising awareness among young athletes and their surrounding about risks associated with too early specialization or energy deficit--with or without eating disorder--is of outmost importance. Such behaviours can affect adolescents' physical or psychological development as well as compromise their athletic career not to mention the potential negative impact on their athletic performance. Primary care practitioners play an important role in early detection and prevention of overuse injuries as well as psychological distress associated with intense physical activity...
June 8, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260821/ethics-tries-handling-inner-conflicts-scientifically-spiritually
#14
Manu Kothari, Lopa Mehta
"Ethic: from ethos, character, L ethos, adopted by English especially in sense of 'character and spirit of a people'. Intimately akin to Gr ethos, custom, Skt. sva-dha one's own doing or action; sva self (cf suicide) + dha to self." "Sva-dha:self-position, self-power, inherent power, custom, rule, ease, comfort, according to one's habit or pleasure, spontaneously, willingly, easily, freely, undisturbedly, wantonly, sportively." Words reveal their meanings to those who establish intimacy with them, as the bride unveils her face only to the beloved one...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217926/effect-of-maximal-versus-supra-maximal-exhausting-race-on-lipid-peroxidation-antioxidant-activity-and-muscle-damage-biomarkers-in-long-distance-and-middle-distance-runners
#15
Said Mohamed, Ncir Lamya, Mansour Hamda
BACKGROUND: Exhausting physical exercise increases lipid peroxidation and causes important muscle damages. The human body tries to mitigate these adverse effects by mobilizing its antioxidant defenses. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the effect of a maximal versus supra-maximal race sustained until exhaustion on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant activity and muscle-damage biomarkers in trained (i.e. long-distance and middle-distance runners) and sedentary subjects...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27139793/volumetric-and-functional-assessment-of-the-left-atrium-in-young-competitive-athletes-without-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-insights-from-the-three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-magyar-sport-study
#16
Attila Nemes, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Andrea Orosz, Mónika Oszlánczi, László Török, László Balogh, János Márton, Tamás Forster, Csaba Lengyel
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) remodeling may be regarded as a physiologic adaptation to exercise conditioning. Three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) is a new promising tool for volumetric and functional characterization of the LA. The present study was undertaken to assess adaptive changes in LA volumes and functional properties respecting cardiac cycle in young competitive athletes without left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) by detailed 3DSTE assessment. METHODS: The study group consisted of 20 young elite basketball and handball players (mean age: 28...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877475/co-14-assessment-of-patients-attending-hypertension-consultations-at-university-hospital-georges-pompidou-in-the-last-15-years
#17
T Deborde, L Amar, M Azizi, G Bobrie, A Burgun, G Chatellier, P Plouin, A Jannot
OBJECTIFS: L'unité d'hypertension artérielle (HTA) de l'HEGP utilise un dossier médical informatisé comprenant l'ensemble des paramètres cliniques, paracliniques, comorbidités et facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire (FdRCV). Cela constitue une cohorte très importante de patients hypertendus utile à des fins épidémiologiques. Cette base de données informatisée est consultable grâce à l'entrepôt de données cliniques. Nous avons analysé l'évolution des caractéristiques des patients vus à cette consultation en termes de profil clinique et paraclinique, de comorbidité et de traitement au cours de 3 périodes consécutives de 5 ans entre juillet 2000 et juin 2015...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877448/p-143-hypertension-patients
#18
F Boussema, S Karma, L Lamouchi, S Slaoui
OBJECTIFS: La surveillance clinique et bio-radiologique des cas d'HTA nécessaire en fonction des ATCD, du contexte clinique, du retentissement viscéral. MéTHODES: On a étudié les paramètres démographiques, la rythmicité et la qualité du suivi et des contrôles. Ce contrôle (1/3 mois) comportait un examen clinique avec l'interrogatoire : le régime et l'activité sportive pratiquée, la surveillance du poids et des chiffres tensionnels, la radiographie du thorax, l'ECG, le bilan rénal, la glycémie, le taux de lipides, le FO (fond d'œil), et enfin les complications éventuelles...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877388/p-088-assessment-of-cardiac-penalty-payment-among-firefighters-algeria-s-experience
#19
M Djazouli, D D Batouche, N Benatta, M Zegagh, C B Tebboune
OBJECTIFS: En milieu de la protection civile, la prédisposition des pompiers au stress est omniprésente du fait de la spécificité de l'organisation du travail, de l'imprévisibilité, de l'obligation d'assurer la permanence 24h/24. À cet effet, nous avons mené cette étude auprès des pompiers dans l'intérêt de faire une évaluation objective de l'astreinte cardiaque par l'enregistrement cardiofréquencemétrique chez cette population. Notre objectif est d'évaluer les indices de l'astreinte cardiaque par l'enregistrement continu de la fréquence cardiaque durant le travail chez les pompiers...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877353/p-057-dyslipidemia-inflammation-and-dietary-imbalance-in-adolescents-in-oran-city
#20
H Ghomari-Boukhatem, A Bouchouicha, K Mekki, H Chekkal, M Bouchenak
OBJECTIFS: Le but de cette étude est d'évaluer chez une population d'adolescents en milieu scolaire de la ville d'Oran : La pression artérielle, le profil lipidique et l'inflammation d'une part et la consommation alimentaire et la balance énergétique d'une autre part. MéTHODES: Une étude est menée chez 400 adolescents scolarisés de la ville d'Oran, âgés de 10 à 17 ans (F/G = 180/220). Une enquête alimentaire est réalisée par le « rappel des 24 heures », suivie d'un enregistrement sur 3 jours pour chaque adolescent...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
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