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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102944/cancer-patients-knowledge-and-acceptance-of-physical-activities-for-rehabilitation
#1
Jens Büntzel, Irene Kusterer, Yvonne Rudolph, Thomas Kubin, Oliver Micke, Jutta Hübner
BACKGROUND/AIM: Physical activities are an essential part of patients' rehabilitation in oncology. For cancer patients special sport groups for rehabilitation exist and are reimbursed by the statutory health system. The aim of our study was to evaluate patients' knowledge and acceptance of these offers and their actual sportive engagement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a standardized questionnaire which was distributed in medical oncology and ENT oncology practice...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992496/micro-raman-and-sem-eds-analyses-to-evaluate-the-nature-of-salt-clusters-present-in-secondary-marine-aerosol
#2
Héctor Morillas, Iker Marcaida, Cristina García-Florentino, Maite Maguregui, Gorka Arana, Juan Manuel Madariaga
Marine aerosol is a complex inorganic and organic chemistry system which contains several salts, mainly forming different type of salt clusters. Different meteorological parameters have a key role in the formation of these aggregates. The relative humidity (%RH), temperature, CO, SO2 and NOx levels and even the O3 levels can promote different chemical reactions giving rise to salt clusters with different morphology and sizes. Sulfates, nitrates and chlorides and even mixed chlorosulfates or nitrosulfates are the final compounds which can be found in environments with a direct influence of marine aerosol...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943886/sleeping-site-ecology-but-not-sex-affect-ecto-and-hemoparasite-risk-in-sympatric-arboreal-primates-avahi-occidentalis-and-lepilemur-edwardsi
#3
May Hokan, Christina Strube, Ute Radespiel, Elke Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: A central question in evolutionary parasitology is to what extent ecology impacts patterns of parasitism in wild host populations. In this study, we aim to disentangle factors influencing the risk of parasite exposure by exploring the impact of sleeping site ecology on infection with ectoparasites and vector-borne hemoparasites in two sympatric primates endemic to Madagascar. Both species live in the same dry deciduous forest of northwestern Madagascar and cope with the same climatic constraints, they are arboreal, nocturnal, cat-sized and pair-living but differ prominently in sleeping site ecology...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920824/baseline-health-and-nutrition-evaluation-of-two-sympatric-nocturnal-lemur-species-avahi-laniger-and-lepilemur-mustelinus-residing-near-an-active-mine-site-at-ambatovy-madagascar
#4
Randall E Junge, Cathy V Williams, Hajanirina Rakotondrainibe, Karine L Mahefarisoa, Tsiky Rajaonarivelo, Charles Faulkner, Vanessa Mass
Extractive industries can have significant impacts on ecosystems through loss of habitat, degradation of water quality, and direct impact on floral and faunal biodiversity. When operations are located in sensitive regions with high biodiversity containing endangered or threatened species, it is possible to minimize impact on the environment by developing programs to scientifically monitor the impact on resident flora and fauna species in the early phases of operation so that effects can be mitigated whenever possible...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920578/participation-in-physical-and-sportive-activities-among-adult-turkish-people-with-haemophilia-a-single-centre-experience
#5
Arni Lehmeier, Muhlis Cem Ar, Sevil Sadri, Mehmet Yürüyen, Zafer Başlar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918829/awareness-of-individual-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-self-perception-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-women
#6
Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Tai Pham, Nicole Karam, Laurence Amar, Corinne Chicheportiche-Ayache, Philippe Menasché, Michel Desnos, Paul Dardel, Isabelle Weill
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) self-perception by women may be inaccurate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was completed anonymously Online by women who self-reported their personal CVRF levels including age, weight, contraceptive use, menopausal status, smoking, diet and physical activities. Self-perceived risk was matched to actual cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham score. RESULTS: Among 5,240 young and middle-aged women with a high educational level, knowledge of personal CVRFs increased with age, from 51-90% for blood pressure (BP), 22-45% for blood glucose and 15-47% for blood cholesterol levels, between 30 and 65 years, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815284/analysis-of-lipophilic-marine-biotoxins-by-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-in-seawater-from-the-catalan-coast
#7
Cristina Bosch-Orea, Josep Sanchís, Marinella Farré, Damià Barceló
Marine biotoxins regularly occur along the coast, with several consequences for the environment as well as the food industry. Monitoring of these compounds in seawater is required to assure the safety of marine resources for human consumption, providing a means for forecasting shellfish contamination events. In this study, an analytical method was developed for the detection of ten lipophilic marine biotoxins in seawater: azaspiracids 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, classified as azaspiracid shellfish poisoning toxins, and pectenotoxin 2, okadaic acid and the related dinophysistoxin 1, yessotoxin and homoyessotoxin, classified as diarrheic shellfish poisoning toxins...
September 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664327/effects-of-mindfulness-practice-on-performance-relevant-parameters-and-performance-outcomes-in-sports-a-meta-analytical-review
#8
REVIEW
Lucia Bühlmayer, Daniel Birrer, Philipp Röthlin, Oliver Faude, Lars Donath
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness as a present-oriented form of mental training affects cognitive processes and is increasingly considered meaningful for sport psychological training approaches. However, few intervention studies have examined the effects of mindfulness practice on physiological and psychological performance surrogates or on performance outcomes in sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present meta-analytical review was to examine the effects of mindfulness practice or mindfulness-based interventions on physiological and psychological performance surrogates and on performance outcomes in sports in athletes over 15 years of age...
June 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516278/molecularly-imprinted-polymers-based-stir-bar-sorptive-extraction-for-determination-of-cefaclor-and-cefalexin-in-environmental-water
#9
Jun Peng, Donghao Liu, Tian Shi, Huairu Tian, Xuanhong Hui, Hua He
Although stir bar sportive extraction was thought to be a highly efficiency and simple pretreatment approach, its wide application was limited by low selectivity, short service life, and relatively high cost. In order to improve the performance of the stir bar, molecular imprinted polymers and magnetic carbon nanotubes were combined in the present study. In addition, two monomers were utilized to intensify the selectivity of molecularly imprinted polymers. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and selectivity experiments showed that the molecularly imprinted polymeric stir bar was successfully prepared...
May 18, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504570/saliva-a-reliable-sample-matrix-in-bioanalytics
#10
REVIEW
Michael Gröschl
Saliva is gaining increasing attention as a bioanalytical sample matrix. Mostly because of the easy and noninvasive collection, it is not only beneficial in endocrinological and behavioral science, but also in pediatrics. Saliva also has the advantage of being the only body fluid which can be collected even during physical exercise, for example, during sportive activities, and there are physiological characteristics that make it superior to serum/plasma or urine for specific scientific questions. This review provides an insight into the physiology of saliva formation, explaining how certain compounds enter this bodily fluid, and gives advice for collection, storage and analytical methods...
April 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407630/characterization-of-the-tree-holes-used-by-lepilemur-ruficaudatus-in-the-dry-deciduous-forest-of-kirindy-mitea-national-park
#11
Elvis J Rakotomalala, Felix Rakotondraparany, Amanda C Perofsky, Rebecca J Lewis
Knowledge of the key resources for a species is critical for developing an effective conservation strategy. Kirindy Mitea National Park is an important refuge for the red-tailed sportive lemur (Lepilemur ruficaudatus), a nocturnal folivorous lemur endemic to the dry deciduous forest of western Madagascar. Because L. ruficaudatus sleeps in tree holes during the day, sleeping trees may be an important resource for this species. Our goal was to characterize the sleeping sites used by L. ruficaudatus at the Ankoatsifaka Research Station in Kirindy Mitea National Park...
April 14, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#12
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344676/transmitting-sport-values-the-importance-of-parental-involvement-in-children-s-sport-activity
#13
Francesca Danioni, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
The transmission of positive values between parents and children is generally considered to be the hallmark of successful socialization. As this issue has been widely discussed but surprisingly little researched - especially with reference to core sport values - in this study we aimed to: 1) analyze adolescent athletes' acceptance of the sport values their parents want to transmit to them (i.e., parental socialization values) and 2) examine the relationship between parental involvement in children's sportive activity and adolescents' acceptance of their parents' socialization values...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243702/sport-specific-outcomes-after-isolated-meniscal-repair-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Helge Eberbach, Jörn Zwingmann, Lisa Hohloch, Gerrit Bode, Dirk Maier, Philipp Niemeyer, Norbert P Südkamp, Matthias J Feucht
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess sport-specific outcomes after repair of isolated meniscal tears. METHODS: A systematic electronic search of the MEDLINE and Cochrane database was performed in May 2016 to identify studies that reported sport-specific outcomes after isolated meniscal repair. Included studies were abstracted regarding study characteristics, patient demographics, surgical technique, rehabilitation, and outcome measures. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed with the Coleman Methodology Score (CMS)...
February 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173059/phylogenomic-reconstruction-of-sportive-lemurs-genus-lepilemur-recovered-from-mitogenomes-with-inferences-for-madagascar-biogeography
#15
Runhua Lei, Cynthia L Frasier, Melissa T R Hawkins, Shannon E Engberg, Carolyn A Bailey, Steig E Johnson, Adam T McLain, Colin P Groves, George H Perry, Stephen D Nash, Russell A Mittermeier, Edward E Louis
The family Lepilemuridae includes 26 species of sportive lemurs, most of which were recently described. The cryptic morphological differences confounded taxonomy until recent molecular studies; however, some species’ boundaries remain uncertain. To better understand the genus Lepilemur, we analyzed 35 complete mitochondrial genomes representing all recognized 26 sportive lemur taxa and estimated divergence dates. With our dataset we recovered 25 reciprocally monophyletic lineages, as well as an admixed clade containing Lepilemur mittermeieri and Lepilemur dorsalis...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122298/stress-vulnerability-in-male-youth-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#16
Michael Kaess, Peter Parzer, Laura Mehl, Luisa Weil, Esther Strittmatter, Franz Resch, Julian Koenig
Internet Gaming Disorder [IGD] was introduced as new behavioral addiction in DSM-5 Section 3. Vulnerability to stress is a potential predisposing factor for IGD. Given a lack of preexisting empirical data, the study investigated differences in the psychological and neurobiological response to acute stress in patients with IGD. 24 young men (mean age 18.38 years; range 13-25 years) fulfilling DSM-5 criteria for IGD and 25 matched controls underwent the Trier Social Stress Test [TSST]. Participants provided hair samples for the analysis of basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal [HPA] axis activity and clinical interviews were conducted to assess psychopathology...
March 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090739/obesity-related-genetic-polymorphisms-and-adiposity-indices-in-a-young-italian-population
#17
Laura Bordoni, Francesca Marchegiani, Marco Piangerelli, Valerio Napolioni, Rosita Gabbianelli
Pediatric obesity develops when a complex biological predisposition collides with an obesogenic environment. To further elucidate the role of genetics in obesity onset, we performed a candidate-gene association study in a young and sportive Italian population by testing the association of functional polymorphisms in ACE (rs4646994), FTO (rs9939609), MC4R (rs17782313) and PPARG (rs1801282) genes with body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). We also tested the combinations of identified risk genotypes and epistatic interactions among them to determine the existence of cumulative effects in predicting the predisposition to gain weight...
February 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081146/maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-affects-testicular-and-bone-development-glucose-metabolism-and-response-to-overnutrition-in-weaned-horses-up-to-two-years
#18
Morgane Robles, Camille Gautier, Luis Mendoza, Pauline Peugnet, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Isabelle Caudron, Isabelle Guenon, Sylvaine Camous, Anne Tarrade, Laurence Wimel, Didier Serteyn, Hélène Bouraima-Lelong, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant mares and post-weaning foals are often fed concentrates rich in soluble carbohydrates, together with forage. Recent studies suggest that the use of concentrates is linked to alterations of metabolism and the development of osteochondrosis in foals. The aim of this study was to determine if broodmare diet during gestation affects metabolism, osteoarticular status and growth of yearlings overfed from 20 to 24 months of age and/or sexual maturity in prepubertal colts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993498/pediatric-vocal-fold-nodule-etiology-what-are-its-usual-causes-in-children
#19
Arzu Tuzuner, Sule Demirci, Haldun Oguz, Kursat Murat Ozcan
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the relation between phonotrauma and presence of siblings and social activities was investigated, and the incidence of voice disorders in the mothers of children with vocal fold nodules was studied with objective (clinical voice analysis) and subjective (laryngostroboscopy, Voice Handicap Index) methods. METHODS: Twenty-nine children with vocal fold nodules (age range 5-14 years), 45 age-matched children without any voice disorders as a control group, and their mothers were included in the study...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866232/surgical-treatment-of-two-adolescent-athletes-with-dislocated-avulsion-fracture-of-the-anterior-superior-iliac-spine-asis
#20
Lukas Willinger, Jakob E Schanda, Stephan Lorenz, Andreas B Imhoff, Stefan Buchmann
INTRODUCTION: Avulsion fractures of the anterior superior iliac spine are rare. Therefore, evidence-based treatment guidelines do not exist. The therapeutic options are either conservative treatment or surgical intervention. The decision depends on grade of dislocation, age of the patient, and his sportive demands and competitive requirements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the cases of two young athletes suffering from traumatic avulsion fractures of the anterior superior iliac spine...
February 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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