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Adolescent's heroes and role models

Jidit Hortoványi
Due to the pervasive presence of the Internet, the popularity of social networking sites and the general use of electronic tools in our age, the different idols and celebrities of media, film heroes or fictional characters have become an everyday part of a teenager's communication and cogitation. These themes often appear on adolescent drawings and they are often full of individual content and thus become the forms of self-expression. In my study I draw the attention to this phenomenon by presenting some examples...
2015: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Elaine L Kinsella, Timothy D Ritchie, Eric R Igou
Heroes are ubiquitous in literature and popular discourse, yet little is known about cognitive representations of heroes. We examined lay conceptions of heroes using a prototype approach, compared heroes with other persons of influence, and studied how individuals use hero features to identify heroes. In Study 1, participants (N = 189) generated open-ended descriptions of heroes, which were sorted by independent coders into 26 meaningful categories. In Study 2, participants (N = 365) rated the centrality of these features, and subsequently classified each feature as either central (e...
January 2015: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Yaron Girsh
This study presents German and Israeli youth's heroes and role models. Two hundred twenty-six students from 22 high schools took part in small group interviews. Despite differences in the normative place of the family in the two cultures, the comparison reveals significant similarities between their views and what attributes the subjects assign to their families. Three main models of family members as hero arise from the data: The Self-made Person; sacrifice and pro-social action; and contending with everyday reality...
August 2014: Journal of Adolescence
Thorsten Simon, Beate Häberle, Barbara Hero, Dietrich von Schweinitz, Frank Berthold
PURPOSE: Although intensive multimodal treatment has improved the prognosis of patients with metastatic neuroblastoma, the impact of primary tumor resection on outcome is a matter of medical debate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from the German prospective clinical trial NB97 with stage 4 neuroblastoma and age 18 months or older at diagnosis were included. Operation notes and imaging reports were reviewed by two independent experienced physicians. Finally, the extent of tumor resections was correlated with local control rate and outcome...
February 20, 2013: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Armanda Pinto da Mota Matos, Joaquim Armando G Alves Ferreira, Richard F Haase
We examined the role of identification with violent TV heroes, enjoyment of TV violence, and perceived reality in TV violence as mediators of the relationship between viewing TV violence and subsequent physical and verbal aggression. A sample of 722 4th, 6th, and 8th grade students from schools in the central region of Portugal completed measures assessing enjoyment of TV violence, perceived reality, aggression, identification with violent TV heroes, and exposure to TV violence. The results showed that the relationship between TV violence and physical aggression is mediated by enjoyment of TV violence, perceived reality in TV violence, and identification with violent TV heroes...
January 2012: Journal of Social Psychology
Frank Berthold, Joachim Boos, Stefan Burdach, Rudolf Erttmann, Günter Henze, Johann Hermann, Thomas Klingebiel, Bernhard Kremens, Freimut H Schilling, Martin Schrappe, Thorsten Simon, Barbara Hero
BACKGROUND: Myeloablative megatherapy is commonly used to improve the poor outlook of children with high-risk neuroblastoma, yet its role is poorly defined. We aimed to assess whether megatherapy with autologous stem-cell transplantation could increase event-free survival and overall survival compared with maintenance chemotherapy. METHODS: 295 patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (ie, patients with stage 4 disease aged older than 1 year or those with MYCN-amplified tumours and stage 1, 2, 3, or 4S disease or stage 4 disease and <1 year old) were randomly assigned to myeloablative megatherapy (melphalan, etoposide, and carboplatin) with autologous stem-cell transplantation (n=149) or to oral maintenance chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide (n=146)...
September 2005: Lancet Oncology
William J Brown, Michael D Basil, Mihai C Bocarnea
When Mark McGwire broke Roger Maris's home run record in September of 1998, he was instantly declared an American hero and held up as a positive role model for teenagers and young adults. The extensive media attention focused on McGwire made the general public aware of his use of a muscle-building dietary supplement, Androstenedione. It also increased the public's awareness of McGwire's public service to prevent child abuse. The present research assesses audience involvement with McGwire through parasocial interaction and identification, and the effects of that involvement on audience knowledge of and attitudes toward Androstenedione and child abuse prevention...
January 2003: Journal of Health Communication
K M Heide
Juvenile homicide remains a serious problem in the U.S., despite recent decreases in the juvenile arrest rate for murder. Reflecting on her clinical experiences evaluating 90 adolescent murderers, the author identifies 15 factors that appear to have contributed to the escalation in juvenile homicide beginning in the mid-1980s. These factors can be grouped into five categories: situational factors (child abuse and neglect, and the absence of positive male role models), societal influences (the crisis in leadership and lack of heroes, and witnessing violence), resource availability (access to guns, involvement in alcohol and drugs, and poverty and lack of resources), personality characteristics (low self-esteem, the inability to deal with strong feelings, boredom, poor judgment, and prejudice and hatred), and their cumulative effects (little or nothing left to lose and the biological connection)...
1997: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
R G Malgady, L H Rogler, G Costantino
Culturally sensitive treatments of the special mental health needs of high-risk Puerto Rican adolescents are lacking. The hero/heroine intervention was based on adult Puerto Rican role models to foster ethnic identity, self-concept, and adaptive coping behavior. 90 nonclinical Puerto Rican 8th and 9th graders were screened for presenting behavior problems in school and randomly assigned to an intervention and a control group. After 19 sessions, the intervention significantly increased adolescents' ethnic identity and self-concept and reduced anxiety...
August 1990: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
T P Oei, A R Baldwin
A developmental approach to smoking education and prevention for children and adolescents is proposed. Literature is reviewed concerning the most appropriate agent, content, and presentation, of anti-smoking education for each of three age groups: children to age ten, pre/early adolescents eleven to fifteen, and adolescents fifteen to eighteen. For children to age ten, it is suggested that parents are the best agents of education, with teachers, peers, and the mass media, also playing some role. For pre/early adolescents, peers are suggested as the best agents of education, building onto the earlier and ongoing work of the agents mentioned above...
1992: Journal of Drug Education
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