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Adolescent identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922870/ethnic-identity-in-diverse-schools-preadolescents-private-regard-and-introjection-in-relation-to-classroom-norms-and-composition
#1
Nadya Gharaei, Jochem Thijs, Maykel Verkuyten
Ethnic identity plays a key role in the normative development of children and adolescents, and efforts to provide a positive and safe environment for ethnic identity benefit from an understanding of its context-dependency. Following the social identity perspective, we add to research on ethnic identity by considering the role of the classroom context and by conceptualizing ethnic identity in terms of two key dimensions. Specifically, the present study aims to investigate the role of the classroom context for ethnic private regard (positive ethnic self-feelings) and for the under-researched construct of ethnic introjection (subjective self-group merging)...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915548/eating-disorder-symptomatology-and-identity-formation-in-adolescence-a-cross-lagged-longitudinal-approach
#2
Margaux Verschueren, Laurence Claes, Annabel Bogaerts, Nina Palmeroni, Amarendra Gandhi, Philip Moons, Koen Luyckx
Introduction: Eating disorder symptomatology, comprising both psychological and behavioral aspects of subclinical eating concerns, constitutes a clear precursor of developing eating disorders. It is crucial to investigate its antecedents and correlates to subsequently inform eating disorder prevention programs. The present study focused on identity formation, a core developmental task in adolescence, that has increasingly been linked to eating disorder development. Our main aim was to examine the temporal sequence between eating disorder symptomatology and identity formation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881910/explicating-acculturation-strategies-among-asian-american-youth-subtypes-and-correlates-across-filipino-and-korean-americans
#3
Yoonsun Choi, Michael Park, Jeanette Park Lee, Miwa Yasui, Tae Yeun Kim
Acculturation strategy, a varying combination of heritage and mainstream cultural orientations and one of the significant determinants of youth development, has been understudied with Asian American youth and particularly at a subgroup-specific level. This study used person-oriented latent profile analysis (LPA) to identify acculturation strategy subtypes among Filipino American and Korean American adolescents living in the Midwest. Associations between the subtypes and numerous correlates including demographics, family process and youth outcomes were also examined...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867437/cell-type-specific-development-of-the-hyperpolarization-activated-current-ih-in-prefrontal-cortical-neurons
#4
Sha-Sha Yang, Yan-Chun Li, Austin A Coley, Linda A Chamberlin, Ping Yu, Wen-Jun Gao
H-current, also known as hyperpolarization-activated current (Ih), is an inward current generated by the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) cation channels. Ih plays an essential role in regulating neuronal properties, synaptic integration and plasticity, and synchronous activity in the brain. As these biological factors change across development, the brain undergoes varying levels of vulnerability to disorders like schizophrenia that disrupt prefrontal cortex (PFC)-dependent function...
2018: Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862916/-what-is-normal-maternal-parenting-behavior-as-risk-and-protective-factor-for-psychopathology-and-identity-diffusion
#5
Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Fabian J Escher
What is "normal"? Maternal parenting behavior as risk and protective factor for psychopathology and identity diffusion Objectives: This study analyzes the implications of today's highly altered maternal parenting behaviors on children's development and psychological health. METHODS: The relationship between maternal parenting behaviors (support, psychological control, and anxious monitoring) and delayed identity development or identity diffusion as well as internalizing or externalizing symptomatology was investigated in a sample of 732 youths (301 adolescents, 351 young adults, and 80 patients)...
June 2018: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806707/thin-idealization-and-causal-attributions-mediate-the-association-between-culture-and-obesity-stereotypes-an-examination-of-chinese-and-american-adolescents
#6
Paul A Klaczynski, Wejdan S Felmban
Few studies have examined age or cultural differences in the stereotypes adolescents have of persons with obesity. The present research explored the hypotheses that American adolescents have more negative obesity stereotypes than Chinese adolescents and that the effects of culture are mediated by weight attributions and thin idealization. Participants (N = 335; 181 female; M age = 14.83 years, SD = 1.57 years) completed measures of thin idealization and causal attributions and made generalizations from and attributions of stereotypical personality characteristics to obese figures...
May 28, 2018: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792564/cognitive-and-behavioral-resilience-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#7
Sophia A Hussen, Gary W Harper, Caryn R R Rodgers, Jacob J van den Berg, Nadia Dowshen, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE: HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (Y-GBMSM). Resilience remains understudied among Y-GBMSM living with HIV, but represents a potentially important framework for improving HIV-related outcomes in this population. We sought to explore cognitive and behavioral dimensions of resilience and their correlates among Y-GBMSM to gain insights to inform future interventions. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of 200 Y-GBMSM living with HIV enrolled in a multisite study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)...
August 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#8
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778829/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-physical-activity-and-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-in-young-adults-3-10-years-after-an-intra-articular-knee-injury
#9
Allison M Ezzat, Mariana Brussoni, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of the injury experience on current attitudes and beliefs about physical activity (PA) and the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in youth and young adults 3-10 years after a sport-related knee injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: University Sports Medical/Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: 20 young adults 3-10 years subsequent to intra-articular knee injury...
May 4, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771548/boricua-de-pura-cepa-ethnic-identity-cultural-stress-and-self-concept-in-puerto-rican-youth
#10
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Emily Sáez-Santiago
OBJECTIVES: The available literature on ethnic identity among Puerto Ricans has focused on those living in the United States, with little to no attention placed on examining ethnic identity and psychological constructs among youth living in Puerto Rico. Using a colonial mentality framework, the current study examined the associations between ethnic identity, cultural stress, and self-concept among adolescent boys and girls living in Puerto Rico. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study surveyed participants (N = 187) recruited from several junior high schools in the metropolitan area in Puerto Rico...
May 17, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764872/development-and-testing-of-the-youth-alcohol-norms-survey-yans-instrument-to-measure-youth-alcohol-norms-and-psychosocial-influences
#11
Sharyn K Burns, Bruce Maycock, Janina Hildebrand, Yun Zhao, Steve Allsop, Roanna Lobo, Peter Howat
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate an online instrument to: (1) identify common alcohol-related social influences, norms and beliefs among adolescents; (2) clarify the process and pathways through which proalcohol norms are transmitted to adolescents; (3) describe the characteristics of social connections that contribute to the transmission of alcohol norms; and (4) identify the influence of alcohol marketing on adolescent norm development. SETTING: The online Youth Alcohol Norms Survey (YANS) was administered in secondary schools in Western Australia PARTICIPANTS: Using a 2-week test-retest format, the YANS was administered to secondary school students (n=481, age=13-17 years, female 309, 64...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754427/pain-and-development-of-identity-in-adolescents-who-frequently-use-over-the-counter-analgesics-a-qualitative-study
#12
Siv Skarstein, Per Lagerløv, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme, Sølvi Helseth
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe conditions that may influence the development of identity in adolescents frequently using over-the-counter analgesics (OTCAs). BACKGROUND: Frequent self-medication with analgesics among adolescents is associated with several physical pain points, low self-esteem and low ambitions for the future. Continuous use of OTCAs can keep adolescents from learning healthier coping strategies. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews with adolescents and their mothers were conducted and transcribed...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704900/the-development-of-temperament-and-character-during-adolescence-the-processes-and-phases-of-change
#13
Ada H Zohar, Igor Zwir, Jiayu Wang, C Robert Cloninger, Andrey P Anokhin
We studied the pattern of personality development in a longitudinal population-based sample of 752 American adolescents. Personality was assessed reliably with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory at 12, 14, and 16 years of age. The rank-order stability of Junior Temperament and Character Inventory traits from age 12 to 16 was moderate (r = .35). Hierarchical linear modeling of between-group variance due to gender and within-group variance due to age indicated that harm avoidance and persistence decreased whereas self-directedness and cooperativeness increased from age 12 to 16...
April 29, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665492/sex-and-orientation-identity-matter-in-the-substance-use-behaviors-of-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#14
Theodore L Caputi
BACKGROUND: Health sciences researchers are beginning to understand the differing experiences and health risks among sexual minority subgroups (i.e., those who describe themselves as homosexual/gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure/questioning). Such research can promote the allocation of resources to high-risk groups and the development of interventions tailored to their needs. The present study extends this line of research to substance use among adolescents. METHODS: The lifetime and/or past 30-day alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, e-cigarette, marijuana, prescription drug, and illicit drug use of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents was analyzed using data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
June 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658169/love-and-dating-patterns-for-same-and-both-gender-attracted-adolescents-across-europe
#15
András Költő, Honor Young, Lorraine Burke, Nathalie Moreau, Alina Cosma, Josefine Magnusson, Béat Windlin, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Emmanuelle Godeau, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
Sexual orientation is a multidimensional phenomenon, which includes identity, behavior, and attraction. The attraction component, however, is less studied than the other two. In this article, we present the development of a two-item measure to identify adolescents who prefer same- and both-gender partners for love and dating. The questions were administered to nationally representative samples of 15-year-old adolescents in eight European countries and regions participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-national study...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620385/identity-and-the-body-trajectories-of-body-esteem-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood
#16
Sarah C Nelson, Johanna Kling, Maria Wängqvist, Ann Frisén, Moin Syed
Although Erikson (1968) originally conceptualized identity development as a process of becoming at home in one's body, little work has been done linking identity development and research on the body. This study examines how trajectories of the development of body esteem over time are related to young people's sense of identity and psychological functioning in a longitudinal sample from age 10 to 24 (N = 967). Using group-based trajectory modeling, three cubic subgroups were determined for each of the three types of body esteem: appearance, weight, and attribution...
June 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611781/stars-experiential-group-intervention-a-complex-trauma-treatment-approach-for-survivors-of-human-trafficking
#17
Elizabeth K Hopper, Naomi Azar, Sriya Bhattacharyya, Dominique A Malebranche, Kelsey E Brennan
This is the abstract that was submitted online with the paper: Despite the fact that many survivors of human trafficking have experienced complex trauma, there are no established interventions designed to specifically address these impacts. Leaders in the field of complex trauma have advocated for the need for somatic approaches to intervention. This paper presents STARS Experiential Group treatment, the first structured bodybased group intervention that has been designed to address complex trauma in survivors of human trafficking...
March 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609132/the-self-report-habit-index-assessing-habitual-marijuana-alcohol-e-cigarette-and-cigarette-use
#18
Meghan E Morean, Kelly S DeMartini, Dawn Foster, Julie Patock-Peckham, Kathleen A Garrison, Philip R Corlett, John H Krystal, Suchitra Krishan-Sarin, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Substance use is partially driven by habitual processes that occur automatically in response to environmental cues and may be central to users' identities. This study was designed to validate the Self-Report Habit Index (SRHI) for assessing habitual marijuana, alcohol, cigarette, and e-cigarette use. METHODS: We examined the SRHI's psychometrics in separate samples of adult marijuana (Ns = 189;170), alcohol (Ns = 100;133), cigarette (Ns = 58;371), and e-cigarette (N = 239) users...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608124/young-urban-adolescents-activity-spaces-close-peers-and-the-risk-of-cannabis-use-a-social-spatial-longitudinal-analysis
#19
Michael J Mason, Jeremy Mennis
BACKGROUND: An understudied, yet important area of youth development research is the examination of how place affects critical psychosocial processes such as identity formation, problem solving, emotional regulation, and in particular with adolescents, belongingness, autonomy, social competency, and behavioral health. A growing spatially informed literature indicates that youth interact with meaningful places as environmental strategies, shaping developmental trajectories related to behavioral health...
April 2, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599737/development-of-the-sexual-minority-adolescent-stress-inventory
#20
Sheree M Schrager, Jeremy T Goldbach, Mary Rose Mamey
Although construct measurement is critical to explanatory research and intervention efforts, rigorous measure development remains a notable challenge. For example, though the primary theoretical model for understanding health disparities among sexual minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual) adolescents is minority stress theory, nearly all published studies of this population rely on minority stress measures with poor psychometric properties and development procedures. In response, we developed the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory (SMASI) with N = 346 diverse adolescents ages 14-17, using a comprehensive approach to de novo measure development designed to produce a measure with desirable psychometric properties...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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