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Adolescent identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665492/sex-and-orientation-identity-matter-in-the-substance-use-behaviors-of-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#1
Theodore L Caputi
BACKGROUND: Health sciences researchers are beginning to understand the differing experiences and health risks among sexual minority subgroups (i.e., those who describe themselves as homosexual/gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure/questioning). Such research can promote the allocation of resources to high-risk groups and the development of interventions tailored to their needs. The present study extends this line of research to substance use among adolescents. METHODS: The lifetime and/or past 30-day alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, e-cigarette, marijuana, prescription drug, and illicit drug use of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents was analyzed using data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658169/love-and-dating-patterns-for-same-and-both-gender-attracted-adolescents-across-europe
#2
András Költő, Honor Young, Lorraine Burke, Nathalie Moreau, Alina Cosma, Josefine Magnusson, Béat Windlin, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Emmanuelle Godeau, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
Sexual orientation is a multidimensional phenomenon, which includes identity, behavior, and attraction. The attraction component, however, is less studied than the other two. In this article, we present the development of a two-item measure to identify adolescents who prefer same- and both-gender partners for love and dating. The questions were administered to nationally representative samples of 15-year-old adolescents in eight European countries and regions participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-national study...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620385/identity-and-the-body-trajectories-of-body-esteem-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood
#3
Sarah C Nelson, Johanna Kling, Maria Wängqvist, Ann Frisén, Moin Syed
Although Erikson (1968) originally conceptualized identity development as a process of becoming at home in one's body, little work has been done linking identity development and research on the body. This study examines how trajectories of the development of body esteem over time are related to young people's sense of identity and psychological functioning in a longitudinal sample from age 10 to 24 (N = 967). Using group-based trajectory modeling, three cubic subgroups were determined for each of the three types of body esteem: appearance, weight, and attribution...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611781/stars-experiential-group-intervention-a-complex-trauma-treatment-approach-for-survivors-of-human-trafficking
#4
Elizabeth K Hopper, Naomi Azar, Sriya Bhattacharyya, Dominique A Malebranche, Kelsey E Brennan
This is the abstract that was submitted online with the paper: Despite the fact that many survivors of human trafficking have experienced complex trauma, there are no established interventions designed to specifically address these impacts. Leaders in the field of complex trauma have advocated for the need for somatic approaches to intervention. This paper presents STARS Experiential Group treatment, the first structured bodybased group intervention that has been designed to address complex trauma in survivors of human trafficking...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609132/the-self-report-habit-index-assessing-habitual-marijuana-alcohol-e-cigarette-and-cigarette-use
#5
Meghan E Morean, Kelly S DeMartini, Dawn Foster, Julie Patock-Peckham, Kathleen A Garrison, Philip R Corlett, John H Krystal, Suchitra Krishan-Sarin, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Substance use is partially driven by habitual processes that occur automatically in response to environmental cues and may be central to users' identities. This study was designed to validate the Self-Report Habit Index (SRHI) for assessing habitual marijuana, alcohol, cigarette, and e-cigarette use. METHODS: We examined the SRHI's psychometrics in separate samples of adult marijuana (Ns = 189;170), alcohol (Ns = 100;133), cigarette (Ns = 58;371), and e-cigarette (N = 239) users...
March 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608124/young-urban-adolescents-activity-spaces-close-peers-and-the-risk-of-cannabis-use-a-social-spatial-longitudinal-analysis
#6
Michael J Mason, Jeremy Mennis
BACKGROUND: An understudied, yet important area of youth development research is the examination of how place affects critical psychosocial processes such as identity formation, problem solving, emotional regulation, and in particular with adolescents, belongingness, autonomy, social competency, and behavioral health. A growing spatially informed literature indicates that youth interact with meaningful places as environmental strategies, shaping developmental trajectories related to behavioral health...
April 2, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599737/development-of-the-sexual-minority-adolescent-stress-inventory
#7
Sheree M Schrager, Jeremy T Goldbach, Mary Rose Mamey
Although construct measurement is critical to explanatory research and intervention efforts, rigorous measure development remains a notable challenge. For example, though the primary theoretical model for understanding health disparities among sexual minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual) adolescents is minority stress theory, nearly all published studies of this population rely on minority stress measures with poor psychometric properties and development procedures. In response, we developed the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory (SMASI) with N = 346 diverse adolescents ages 14-17, using a comprehensive approach to de novo measure development designed to produce a measure with desirable psychometric properties...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562365/cultural-identity-of-young-deaf-adults-with-cochlear-implants-in-comparison-to-deaf-without-cochlear-implants-and-hard-of-hearing-young-adults
#8
Ester Goldblat, Tova Most
This study examined the relationships between cultural identity, severity of hearing loss (HL), and the use of a cochlear implant (CI). One hundred and forty-one adolescents and young adults divided into three groups (deaf with CI, deaf without CI, and hard-of-hearing (HH)) and 134 parents participated. Adolescents and young adults completed questionnaires on cultural identity (hearing, Deaf, marginal, bicultural-hearing, and bicultural-deaf) and communication proficiencies (hearing, spoken language, and sign language)...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549550/face-identity-recognition-and-the-social-difficulties-component-of-the-autism-like-phenotype-evidence-for-phenotypic-and-genetic-links
#9
Gary J Lewis, Nicolas G Shakeshaft, Robert Plomin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism-like traits are associated with deficits in face memory ability, although it is not yet clear whether this deficit reflects a specific aspect of the ASD/autism-like phenotype. We addressed this issue using a neurotypical sample of adolescent twins (Ncomplete pairs  = 782) drawn from the Twins Early Development Study who were assessed on face and object memory performance alongside two core aspects of autism-like traits: (i) difficulties with social behavior/interactions, and (ii) attention to detail...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546623/the-development-of-ethnic-racial-self-labeling-individual-differences-in-context
#10
Yuen Mi Cheon, Sara Douglass Bayless, Yijie Wang, Tiffany Yip
Ethnic/racial self-labeling represents one's knowledge of and preference for ethnic/racial group membership, which is related to, but distinguishable from, ethnic/racial identity. This study examined the development of ethnic/racial self-labeling over time by including the concept of elaboration among a diverse sample of 297 adolescents (Time 1 mean age 14.75, 67% female, 37.4% Asian or Asian American, 10.4% Black, African American, or West Indian, 23.2% Hispanic or Latinx, 24.2% White, 4.4% other). Growth mixture modeling revealed two distinct patterns-low and high self-labeling elaboration from freshman to sophomore year of high school...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544174/mothers-and-teenage-daughters-walking-to-health-using-the-behaviour-change-wheel-to-develop-an-intervention-to-improve-adolescent-girls-physical-activity
#11
E M Murtagh, A T Barnes, J McMullen, P J Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The majority of adolescent girls fail to meet public health guidelines for physical activity. Engaging mothers in the promotion of physical activity for their daughters may be an important strategy to facilitate behaviour change. The aim of this study was to use the behaviour change wheel (BCW) framework to design the components of an intervention to improve adolescent girls' physical activity. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study to inform intervention development...
March 12, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542833/developmental-considerations-of-young-people-with-cancer-transitioning-to-adulthood
#12
REVIEW
B Kim, P Patterson, K White
The literature concerning the impact of having cancer during adolescence and emerging adulthood has been widely discussed in relation to the unique nature of psychosocial challenges. The current study presents these findings within the context of developmental literature to further our understanding on how their developmental transitioning can be affected by having cancer. Specifically, two developmental milestones considered to be the pre-requisites for acquiring an adult status were focused on: forming identity and establishing independence...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535563/gender-dysphoria-in-adolescence-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Hannah Bergman, Marja Työläjärvi, Louise Frisén
Increasing numbers of adolescents are seeking treatment at gender identity services in Western countries. An increasingly accepted treatment model that includes puberty suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs starting during the early stages of puberty, cross-sex hormonal treatment starting at ~16 years of age and possibly surgical treatments in legal adulthood, is often indicated for adolescents with childhood gender dysphoria (GD) that intensifies during puberty. However, virtually nothing is known regarding adolescent-onset GD, its progression and factors that influence the completion of the developmental tasks of adolescence among young people with GD and/or transgender identity...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503778/transgender-associations-and-possible-etiology-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Fatima Saleem, Syed W Rizvi
Transgender or gender dysphoria has been defined in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), as distress resulting from the incongruence between one's experienced gender and one's assigned gender, along with a persistent and strong desire to be of another gender, and accompanied by clinically significant distress. Adolescents referred for evaluation often want hormonal therapy and several among them also express a desire for gender reassignment surgery. Furthermore, evidence shows that adolescents and adults with gender dysphoria without a sex development disorder, before gender reassignments, are at increased risk for suicide...
December 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498094/trouble-at-teens-fingertips-youth-sexting-and-the-law
#15
Brian Holoyda, Jacqueline Landess, Renee Sorrentino, Susan Hatters Friedman
The last decade has seen a rapid increase in the use of smartphones among young children and adolescents. One consequence of this phenomenon is sexting. Although researchers of sexting have yet to arrive at a single, cohesive definition for the behavior, it generally involves the transmission of text, pictures, or videos containing sexual material. Different definitions of the behavior have led to widely varying estimates of its prevalence, although some studies have documented relatively high rates of sexting among teenagers...
March 2, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493799/naturally-occurring-mentorship-in-a-national-sample-of-first-generation-college-goers-a-promising-portal-for-academic-and-developmental-success
#16
Veronica Fruiht, Thomas Chan
Attending college is increasingly important to compete in this global world; however, young people whose parents did not attend college are significantly less likely to enroll in and finish college. Formal programs to support first-generation college goers are common, but not scalable to provide support to all young people who need it. Instead, mentoring that naturally occurs on these students' journeys into and out of college may be a more practical avenue for supporting their success. This study investigated the role community members, relatives, and educators play in first-generation college goers' educational outcomes...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474127/relationships-between-early-alcohol-experiences-drinker-self-schema-drinking-and-smoking-in-college-students
#17
Chia-Kuei Lee, Colleen Corte, Karen F Stein
BACKGROUND: Drinking and smoking commonly co-occur in undergraduate students. Although an identity as a drinker is a known predictor of alcohol use and alcohol problems, and early evidence suggests that it also predicts smoking, the role of these behaviors in the development of an identity as a drinker is unknown. In this study, we conceptualized a drinker identity as an enduring memory structure referred to as a self-schema, and conducted a preliminary investigation of the relationships between early drinking experiences, drinker self-schema, and alcohol and tobacco use in undergraduate students...
February 23, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464454/never-been-kissed-correlates-of-lifetime-kissing-status-in-u-s-university-students
#18
Eva S Lefkowitz, Rose Wesche, Chelom E Leavitt
Kissing a partner occurs relatively early during adolescence. Thus, young adults who have never kissed are off-time from their peers. Substantial exploration in the areas of identity and intimacy occur during this period, and kissing may fulfill both of these functions, addressing autonomy and relatedness motives for sexual behaviors. We examined the prevalence and personal, contextual, and adjustment/health predictors of delayed onset of kissing. An ethnically and racially diverse sample of traditionally aged first year university students (N = 738; 50...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462899/-i-wouldn-t-be-friends-with-someone-if-they-were-liking-too-much-rubbish-a-qualitative-study-of-alcohol-brands-youth-identity-and-social-media
#19
Richard I Purves, Martine Stead, Douglas Eadie
The consumption of alcohol by young people remains a major public health concern at both the national and international level. Levels of drinking among 15-yearolds in the United Kingdom (UK) remain significantly higher than the European average. This study explored how alcohol brands are used by young people to develop their desired identities and how these acts of consumption extend to young people's profiles on social media. It also deepens understanding of how alcohol brands are connected to young peoples' concerns about image and peer group dynamics...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455864/social-influence-on-positive-youth-development-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#20
Eva H Telzer, Jorien van Hoorn, Christina R Rogers, Kathy T Do
Susceptibility to social influence is associated with a host of negative outcomes during adolescence. However, emerging evidence implicates the role of peers and parents in adolescents' positive and adaptive adjustment. Hence, in this chapter we highlight social influence as an opportunity for promoting social adjustment, which can redirect negative trajectories and help adolescents thrive. We discuss influential models about the processes underlying social influence, with a particular emphasis on internalizing social norms, embedded in social learning and social identity theory...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
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