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Adolescent identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231956/gender-diversity-sexual-orientation-and-bone-health-in-the-maturing-dancer
#1
REVIEW
Derrick D Brown
Gender identity forms an important aspect of still developing youths. Gender is traditionally classified into two distinct categories, female and male. Transgender is a general term that describes individuals who self-identity as male, female, both, or neither (i.e., gender fluid) and do not match the assigned at-birth gender. Adolescent transgender individuals are currently a marginal population. There are limited demographics on youths, but as of 2014 an estimate of 1.4 million adults in the USA identified as transgender...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227834/personality-pathology-grows-up-adolescence-as-a-sensitive-period
#2
REVIEW
Carla Sharp, Kiana Wall
There is mounting evidence that personality pathology, in particular, borderline pathology is a valid and reliable construct in adolescence, with prevalence, phenomenology, stability and risk factors similar to that of adult borderline personality disorder. Scientific evidence also delineates a marked separation of course and outcome of adolescent borderline personality disorder from other disorders and supports the efficacy of disorder-specific treatment. The current article addresses recent findings in these areas which point to adolescence as a sensitive period for the development for personality pathology...
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211516/racial-discrimination-and-low-household-education-predict-higher-body-mass-index-in-african-american-youth
#3
Devin S Nelson, Julia M Gerras, Kellye C McGlumphy, Erika R Shaver, Amaanat K Gill, Kamala Kanneganti, Tiwaloluwa A Ajibewa, Rebecca E Hasson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between environmental factors, including household education, community violence exposure, racial discrimination, and cultural identity, and BMI in African American adolescents. METHODS: A community-based sample of 198 African American youth (120 girls, 78 boys; ages 11-19 years) from Washtenaw County, Michigan, were included in this analysis. Violence exposure was assessed by using the Survey of Children's Exposure to Community Violence; racial discrimination by using the Adolescent Discrimination Distress Index; cultural identity by using the Acculturation, Habits, and Interests Multicultural Scale for Adolescents; and household education by using a seven-category variable...
December 6, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201068/gender-identity-in-patients-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#4
Maryam Razzaghy-Azar, Sakineh Karimi, Elham Shirazi
Background: Sex assignment in infancy for patients with disorder of sex development (DSD) is a challenging problem. Some of the patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) have DSD that may affect their gender identity. Objectives: The study aimed to assess gender identity in patients with CAH. Methods: In this study, 52 patients with CAH, including 22 prepubertal children and 30 adolescents and adults, were assessed using two separate gender identity questionnaires for children and adults based on the criteria of diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199845/distinct-profiles-of-information-use-characterize-identity-judgments-in-children-and-low-expertise-adults
#5
Louise Ewing, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Emily K Farran, Marie L Smith
Face processing abilities vary across the life span: increasing across childhood and adolescence, peaking around 30 years of age, and then declining. Despite extensive investigation, researchers have yet to identify qualitative changes in face processing during development that can account for the observed improvements on laboratory tests. The current study constituted the first detailed characterization of face processing strategies in a large group of typically developing children and adults (N = 200) using a novel adaptation of the Bubbles reverse correlation technique (Gosselin & Schyns, 2001)...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188748/regional-dialect-perception-across-the-lifespan-identification-and-discrimination
#6
Elizabeth A McCullough, Cynthia G Clopper, Laura Wagner
Although adult listeners can often identify a talker's region of origin based on his or her speech, young children typically fail in dialect perception tasks, and little is known about the development of regional dialect representations from childhood into adulthood. This study explored listeners' understanding of the indexical importance of American English regional dialects across the lifespan. Listeners between 4 and 79 years old in the Midwestern United States heard talkers from the Midland, Northern, Southern, and New England regions in two regional dialect perception tasks: identification and discrimination...
November 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185205/i-and-us-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-interplay-of-personal-and-social-identity-in-adolescence
#7
Flavia Albarello, Elisabetta Crocetti, Monica Rubini
The development of personal and social identity is crucial in adolescence. On the one hand, adolescents face the task of forming and consolidating their personal identity in multiple domains, with educational and interpersonal domains particularly salient. On the other hand, they enlarge their social horizon and increasingly define themselves as members of multiple peer groups, such as groups of classmates and friends met outside school. There is however a lack of integrative research on the interplay among and between personal and social identity processes...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165028/super-recognition-in-development-a-case-study-of-an-adolescent-with-extraordinary-face-recognition-skills
#8
Rachel J Bennetts, Joseph Mole, Sarah Bate
Face recognition abilities vary widely. While face recognition deficits have been reported in children, it is unclear whether superior face recognition skills can be encountered during development. This paper presents O.B., a 14-year-old female with extraordinary face recognition skills: a "super-recognizer" (SR). O.B. demonstrated exceptional face-processing skills across multiple tasks, with a level of performance that is comparable to adult SRs. Her superior abilities appear to be specific to face identity: She showed an exaggerated face inversion effect and her superior abilities did not extend to object processing or non-identity aspects of face recognition...
November 22, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164379/identifying-as-american-among-adolescents-from-asian-backgrounds
#9
Lisa Kiang, Melissa R Witkow
An important aspect of identity development requires adolescents to consider and select the cultural label or labels that best fit with their conception of who they are. Yet, little is known about the longitudinal development of such labeling preferencs and their possible links with adjustment. Using longitudinal data from 180 Asian Americans (60% female; 74% U.S.-born), intra-individual and group-level changes in adolescents' American label use were tracked. Over time, 48% chose an American label as their "best-fitting" label and 42% chose an American label at least once, but did not include an American label during at least one other time point...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159312/perceived-parental-attitudes-of-gender-expansiveness-development-and-preliminary-factor-structure-of-a-self-report-youth-questionnaire
#10
Marco A Hidalgo, Diane Chen, Robert Garofalo, Catherine Forbes
Purpose: Parental acceptance of gender identity/expression in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ+) youth moderates the effects of minority stress on mental health outcomes. Given this association, mental health clinicians of gender-expansive adolescents often assess the degree to which these youth perceive their parents/primary caregivers as accepting or nonaffirming of their gender identity and expression. While existing measures may reliably assess youth's perceptions of general family support, no known tool aids in the assessment an adolescent's perceived parental support related to adolescent gender-expansive experiences...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152820/positive-peer-association-among-black-american-youth-and-the-roles-of-ethnic-identity-and-gender
#11
Dakari Quimby, Maryse Richards, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Darrick Scott, Dhara Puvar
The study examined whether peer association, a subtype of peer influence that involves the indirect modeling of behaviors, can promote positive development among Black American adolescents living in high-risk neighborhoods. Data were collected during a three-year longitudinal study from a sample of 316 Black American adolescents (M = 11.65 years). As positive peer association increased over time, youth experienced an increase in self-esteem, school connectedness, paternal and maternal closeness, and a decrease in supportive beliefs about aggression...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134622/development-of-gender-typicality-and-felt-pressure-in-european-french-and-north-african-french-adolescents
#12
Adam J Hoffman, Florence Dumas, Florence Loose, Annique Smeding, Beth Kurtz-Costes, Isabelle Régner
Trajectories of gender identity were examined from Grade 6 (Mage  = 11.9 years) to Grade 9 in European French (n = 570) and North African French (n = 534) adolescents, and gender and ethnic group differences were assessed in these trajectories. In Grade 6, boys of both ethnic groups reported higher levels of gender typicality and felt pressure for gender conformity than girls. European French girls and boys and North African French girls reported decreasing gender typicality from Grade 6 to Grade 9, whereas North African French boys did not change...
November 14, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111447/sexting-as-the-mirror-on-the-wall-body-esteem-attribution-media-models-and-objectified-body-consciousness
#13
Dora Bianchi, Mara Morelli, Roberto Baiocco, Antonio Chirumbolo
Sexting motivations during adolescence are related to developmental dimensions-such as sexual identity and body-image development-or harmful intentions-such as aggression among peers and partners. Sociocultural and media models can affect explorations of sexuality and redefinitions of body image, which in turn are related to sexting behaviors and motivations. In this study, we investigated the roles of body-esteem attribution, the internalization of media models, and body objectification as predictors of three sexting motivations: sexual purposes, body-image reinforcement, and instrumental/aggravated reasons...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094980/adoptive-identity-and-adjustment-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-a-person-centered-approach
#14
Harold D Grotevant, Albert Y H Lo, Lisa Fiorenzo, Nora D Dunbar
Adopted persons face special challenges in the development of identity, as aspects of their histories may be unknown, making it difficult to construct a coherent narrative linking past, present, and future. Extensive literature on adjustment outcomes for adopted persons indicates an elevated risk for adjustment problems. In this study, a low-risk sample of adopted youth is involved to examine, longitudinally, connections between adoptive identity and adjustment. Participants included 145 adopted youth who participated in Waves 2 (W2: adolescence: mean age = 15...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094978/racial-identity-in-the-context-of-pubertal-development-implications-for-adjustment
#15
Rona Carter, Eleanor K Seaton, Deborah Rivas-Drake
The developmental significance of youths' racial identities during adolescence is well established. It is less clear how puberty, a normative process, influences the relationship between racial identity and adjustment outcomes during adolescence. This study examined whether puberty moderates the relationship between racial identity dimensions and internalizing and externalizing outcomes, and whether the effects of puberty and racial identity on internalizing and externalizing outcomes vary by child sex. Data are drawn from African American families (N = 176; 48% female) who participated in Waves 4 and 5 of Phase III of the NICHD SECCYD...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094977/longitudinal-relations-between-ethnic-racial-identity-process-and-content-exploration-commitment-and-salience-among-diverse-adolescents
#16
Yijie Wang, Sara Douglass, Tiffany Yip
The present study bridges the process and content perspectives of ethnic/racial identity (ERI) by examining the longitudinal links between identity process (i.e., exploration, commitment) and a component of identity content, salience. Data were drawn from a 4-wave longitudinal study of 405 ethnically/racially diverse adolescents (63% female) from 9th to 10th grade. Results identified a transactional relation between identity process over the long-term and content in daily experiences: adolescents with stronger ERI commitment reported higher daily mean salience and less variability in salience 6 months later...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094976/interrelations-among-dimensions-of-ethnic-racial-identity-during-adolescence
#17
Diane L Hughes, Juan Del Toro, Niobe Way
Two approaches to conceptualizing ethnic-racial identity development dominate the literature within developmental psychology-1 focused on the process of ethnic-racial identity development, including exploration and commitment, and another focused on the evaluative components of identity, including private and public regard. In this study, we examined the interrelations among exploration, commitment, private regard, and public regard across three years in an ethnically diverse sample of Black, Dominican, Chinese, and White early adolescents...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094974/is-adolescence-a-period-of-identity-formation-for-all-youth-insights-from-a-four-wave-longitudinal-study-of-identity-dynamics-in-japan
#18
Kai Hatano, Kazumi Sugimura
In the present study, we examined changes in identity dynamics during adolescence using the Dimensions of Identity Development Scale (DIDS), focusing on social and cultural factors possibly affecting identity formation. Identity formation among adolescents outside Western countries is largely unexplored; therefore, we focused on adolescents in Japan. We conducted a longitudinal study with 4 annual measurement points examining 968 Japanese adolescents (49.7% females). Two cohorts of participants were 13 and 16 years old at Time 1 and were followed until 16 and 19 years old, respectively...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094972/identity-exploration-and-commitment-in-early-adolescence-genetic-and-environmental-contributions
#19
Noam Markovitch, Koen Luyckx, Theo Klimstra, Lior Abramson, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Identity formation is a key developmental task in adolescence. Although many adolescents in modern societies face issues of identity, there are substantial individual differences in identity exploration and commitment. Little is known about the origins of these individual differences. The current study investigated the genetic and environmental contributions to identity formation. In total, 571 11-year-old twins (85 monozygotic complete pairs and 176 dizygotic complete pairs) reported on their identity formation, using the Dimensions of Identity Development Scale (DIDS; Luyckx, Schwartz, Berzonsky, et al...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094970/ethnic-socialization-and-ethnic-identity-development-among-internationally-adopted-korean-american-adolescents-a-seven-year-follow-up
#20
Alison W Hu, Xiang Zhou, Richard M Lee
The relationship between ethnic socialization by parents, peers, and ethnic identity development was examined over a 7-year time span in a sample of 116 internationally adopted Korean American adolescents. Parent report data was collected in 2007 (Time 1 [T1]) when the adopted child was between 7 and 13 years old and again in 2014 at ages 13 to 20 years old (Time 2 [T2]). Adolescent report data also was collected in 2014. We examined differences in parent and adolescent reports of parental ethnic socialization at T2, changes in parent reports of ethnic socialization from T1 to T2, and the relationship among ethnic socialization by parents at T1 and T2, ethnic socialization by peers at T2, and ethnic identity exploration and resolution at T2...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
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