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Adolescent identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455864/social-influence-on-positive-youth-development-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#1
Eva H Telzer, Jorien van Hoorn, Christina R Rogers, Kathy T Do
Susceptibility to social influence is associated with a host of negative outcomes during adolescence. However, emerging evidence implicates the role of peers and parents in adolescents' positive and adaptive adjustment. Hence, in this chapter we highlight social influence as an opportunity for promoting social adjustment, which can redirect negative trajectories and help adolescents thrive. We discuss influential models about the processes underlying social influence, with a particular emphasis on internalizing social norms, embedded in social learning and social identity theory...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#2
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432915/measuring-adolescent-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-development-and-validation-of-the-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-questionnaire-shortened-adolescent-version-drseq-sra
#3
Kiri Patton, Jason P Connor, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Timo Dietrich, Ross McD Young, Matthew J Gullo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop and validate a shortened version of the Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-Revised Adolescent version (DRSEQ-RA) using a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: Secondary school students (N = 2609, M = 14.52 years, SD = 0.94) completed the DRSEQ-RA (consisting of subscales: Social Pressure; Opportunistic; Emotional Relief) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). These data were analysed using non-parametric item response theory (NIRT) including Mokken scalability coefficients, and confirmatory factor analysis...
February 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428188/-i-m-not-a-spiritual-person-how-hope-might-facilitate-conversations-about-spirituality-among-teens-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#4
Krysta S Barton, Tyler Tate, Nancy Lau, Karen B Taliesin, Elisha D Waldman, Abby R Rosenberg
CONTEXT: Supporting patients' spiritual needs is central to palliative care. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYAs) may be developing their spiritual identities; it is unclear how to navigate conversations concerning their spiritual needs. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe spiritual narratives among AYAs based on their self-identification as religious, spiritual, both, or neither; and, (2) identify language to support AYA spiritual needs in keeping with their self-identities...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413532/adolescent-pruning-and-stabilization-of-dendritic-spines-on-cortical-layer-5-pyramidal-neurons-do-not-depend-on-gonadal-hormones
#5
Josiah R Boivin, David J Piekarski, A Wren Thomas, Linda Wilbrecht
Pyramidal neurons in the neocortex receive a majority of their synapses on dendritic spines, whose growth, gain, and loss regulate the strength and identity of neural connections. Juvenile brains typically show higher spine density and turnover compared to adult brains, potentially enabling greater capacity for experience-dependent circuit 'rewiring'. Although spine pruning and stabilization in frontal cortex overlap with pubertal milestones, it is unclear if gonadal hormones drive these processes. To address this question, we used hormone manipulations and in vivo 2-photon microscopy to test for a causal relationship between pubertal hormones and spine pruning and stabilization in layer 5 neurons in the frontal cortex of female mice...
January 30, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411936/relationship-between-cancer-related-traumatic-stress-and-family-milestone-achievement-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#6
Rachel Tillery, Sarah J Beal, Aimee N Thompson, Ahna L H Pai
Late physical and emotional effects of cancer treatment pose a burden for adolescent and young adult survivors of childhood cancer, including family milestone achievement. This brief report examined links between ongoing cancer-related post-traumatic stress symptoms (CR-PTSS) and family milestone achievement. Survivors (n = 51; Mage  = 24.73, SD = 8.20) completed CR-PTSS and family formation questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, univariate parameter-constraints, and correlation analyses examined relations among study variables...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399840/drinker-identity-key-risk-factor-for-adolescent-alcohol-use
#7
Chia-Kuei Lee, Colleen Corte, Karen F Stein
BACKGROUND: Adolescent alcohol use continues to be a critical public health problem with both short- and long-term negative health consequences. Defining oneself in terms of alcohol, a drinking-related identity, has been shown to predict high levels of alcohol use. Because adolescence is the developmental period during which identity development is most salient, preventing the development of the drinker identity and early identification of youth who have a developing drinker identity may be important for prevention and early intervention...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388281/validation-of-the-pain-coping-questionnaire-in-finnish
#8
M K Marttinen, N Santavirta, M J Kauppi, H Pohjankoski, H Vuorimaa
OBJECTIVE: The Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ), the first validated pain coping measurement developed specifically for children, has lacked proper validation in Finnish. The original PCQ by Reid et al. (Pain 1998; 76; 83-96) comprises eight-first-order and three higher-order scales. The aim herein was to determine the factor structure and validity of the Finnish PCQ translation in Finnish children. METHODS: Exploratory factor analysis was used for the first-order and higher-order classification of 91 recruited patients aged 8-15...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387146/what-are-good-outcomes-for-adolescents-in-public-mental-health-settings
#9
Kristina O Lavik, Marius Veseth, Helga Frøysa, Per-Einar Binder, Christian Moltu
Background: In line with the evidence-based paradigm, routine outcome monitoring and clinical feedback systems are now being recommended and implemented in youth mental health services. However, what constitutes a good outcome for young service users is not fully understood. In order to successfully monitor outcomes that are clinically and personally relevant for the service user that are to benefit from these systems, we need to gain more knowledge of what young service users value as meaningful outcomes of youth mental health services...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368996/iranian-mothers-experiences-of-the-outcomes-of-early-motherhood-a-qualitative-study
#10
Maasoumeh Mangeli, Masoud Rayyani, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Batool Tirgari
Early motherhood is a major health challenge in most developing countries. The aim of this study was to explore Iranian mothers' experiences of the outcomes of early motherhood. This qualitative study was done using the conventional inductive content analysis approach. A purposive sample of 18 Iranian mothers, with the experience of early motherhood, was recruited with maximum variation in terms of their age at their first pregnancy, their children's age, place of residence, and financial status. Data collection was done via in-depth semistructured interviews and continued up to data saturation...
January 25, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353517/visual-spatial-cognition-in-children-using-aided-communication
#11
Kristine Stadskleiv, Beata Batorowicz, Munique Massaro, Hans van Balkom, Stephen von Tetzchner
Children with severe motor impairments are restricted in their manipulation and exploration of objects, but little is known about how such limitations influence cognitive development. This study investigated visual-constructional abilities in 75 children and adolescents, aged 5;0-15;11 (years;months), with severe speech impairments and no intellectual disabilities (aided group) and in 56 children and adolescents with typical development (reference group). Verbal comprehension, non-verbal reasoning, and visual-spatial perception were assessed with standardized tests...
January 22, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310973/which-girls-which-boys-the-intersectional-risk-for-depression-by-race-and-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-u-s
#12
REVIEW
Pratima A Patil, Michelle V Porche, Nellie A Shippen, Nina T Dallenbach, Lisa R Fortuna
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299791/exploring-the-sexual-development-experiences-of-black-bisexual-male-adolescents-over-time
#13
Anthony Morgan, Brianna Saunders, Brian Dodge, Gary Harper, Renata Arrington Sanders
Scant research has sought to explore the development of dimensions of sexual orientation among Black bisexual male adolescents (BBMA). Understanding how sexual attractions, behaviors, and identities evolve among BBMA over time is crucial to understanding the most appropriate support strategies to provide during this developmental period. We sought to understand and describe the sexual orientation development experiences in a sample of BBMA over the course of 1 year. We further sought to understand the sociocontextual factors that may play a role during this development process...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251781/the-reciprocal-associations-between-identity-disturbance-relationship-disturbance-and-suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-adolescents-a-three-wave-cross-lag-study
#14
Yaxuan Ren, Xu Zhang, Jianing You, Yongqiang Jiang, Min-Pei Lin, Freedom Leung
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence is a developmental period associated with a heightened risk for suicidal ideation. During this phase of life, individuals tend to focus on both intrapersonal self and interpersonal relationships. Thus, it is of much significance to understand the roles of intrapersonal and interpersonal factors in the development of suicidal ideation among adolescents. The present study examined the reciprocal associations between identity disturbance, relationship disturbance, and suicidal ideation by using a three-wave cross-lag model in a sample of adolescents...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239626/maternal-psychological-control-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#15
Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie B Kors, Meredith L Simmons, Jenny Macfie
Linehan (1993) theorized that the experience of invalidating parenting interacts with emotional vulnerability in the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Parental psychological control is a type of invalidating parenting, defined as manipulation by parents of their offspring's psychological and emotional expression and experience (Barber, 1996). In a normative sample of adolescent females, adolescent-reported maternal psychological control was related to maternal borderline symptoms (Zalewski et al...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231956/gender-diversity-sexual-orientation-and-bone-health-in-the-maturing-dancer
#16
REVIEW
Derrick D Brown
Gender identity forms an important aspect of still developing youths. Gender is traditionally classified into two distinct categories, female and male. Transgender is a general term that describes individuals who self-identity as male, female, both, or neither (i.e., gender fluid) and do not match the assigned at-birth gender. Adolescent transgender individuals are currently a marginal population. There are limited demographics on youths, but as of 2014 an estimate of 1.4 million adults in the USA identified as transgender...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227834/personality-pathology-grows-up-adolescence-as-a-sensitive-period
#17
REVIEW
Carla Sharp, Kiana Wall
There is mounting evidence that personality pathology, in particular, borderline pathology is a valid and reliable construct in adolescence, with prevalence, phenomenology, stability and risk factors similar to that of adult borderline personality disorder. Scientific evidence also delineates a marked separation of course and outcome of adolescent borderline personality disorder from other disorders and supports the efficacy of disorder-specific treatment. The current article addresses recent findings in these areas which point to adolescence as a sensitive period for the development for personality pathology...
December 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211516/racial-discrimination-and-low-household-education-predict-higher-body-mass-index-in-african-american-youth
#18
Devin S Nelson, Julia M Gerras, Kellye C McGlumphy, Erika R Shaver, Amaanat K Gill, Kamala Kanneganti, Tiwaloluwa A Ajibewa, Rebecca E Hasson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between environmental factors, including household education, community violence exposure, racial discrimination, and cultural identity, and BMI in African American adolescents. METHODS: A community-based sample of 198 African American youth (120 girls, 78 boys; ages 11-19 years) from Washtenaw County, Michigan, were included in this analysis. Violence exposure was assessed by using the Survey of Children's Exposure to Community Violence; racial discrimination by using the Adolescent Discrimination Distress Index; cultural identity by using the Acculturation, Habits, and Interests Multicultural Scale for Adolescents; and household education by using a seven-category variable...
December 6, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201068/gender-identity-in-patients-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#19
Maryam Razzaghy-Azar, Sakineh Karimi, Elham Shirazi
Background: Sex assignment in infancy for patients with disorder of sex development (DSD) is a challenging problem. Some of the patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) have DSD that may affect their gender identity. Objectives: The study aimed to assess gender identity in patients with CAH. Methods: In this study, 52 patients with CAH, including 22 prepubertal children and 30 adolescents and adults, were assessed using two separate gender identity questionnaires for children and adults based on the criteria of diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition...
July 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199845/distinct-profiles-of-information-use-characterize-identity-judgments-in-children-and-low-expertise-adults
#20
Louise Ewing, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Emily K Farran, Marie L Smith
Face processing abilities vary across the life span: increasing across childhood and adolescence, peaking around 30 years of age, and then declining. Despite extensive investigation, researchers have yet to identify qualitative changes in face processing during development that can account for the observed improvements on laboratory tests. The current study constituted the first detailed characterization of face processing strategies in a large group of typically developing children and adults (N = 200) using a novel adaptation of the Bubbles reverse correlation technique (Gosselin & Schyns, 2001)...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
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