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Adolescent identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#1
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917848/depression-and-intimate-relationships-of-adolescents-from-divorced-families
#2
Halima Hadžikapetanović, Tajib Babić, Edin Bjelošević
Aim To determine an impact of parental divorce to depression and intimate relationships of young people during adolescence, and prevalence of symptoms of depression and the level of intimacy in relations to adolescents living in intact families and those from divorced families. Methods This prospective descriptive research was conducted on a sample of 168 examinees of which 64 (38.1%) were students of the University Zenica, and 104 (61.9%) high students schools from Zenica and Maglaj cities during May and June 2011...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893245/the-quest-for-identity-in-adolescence-heterogeneity-in-daily-identity-formation-and-psychosocial-adjustment-across-5-years
#3
Andrik I Becht, Stefanie A Nelemans, Susan J T Branje, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Hans M Koot, Jaap J A Denissen, Wim H J Meeus
Identity formation is one of the key developmental tasks in adolescence. According to Erikson (1968) experiencing identity uncertainty is normative in adolescence. However, empirical studies investigating identity uncertainty on a daily basis are lacking. Hence, studying individual differences in daily certainty (i.e., identity commitment levels) and uncertainty (i.e., identity commitment fluctuations and identity reconsideration) in the identity formation process may advance our knowledge about the extent to which adolescents' identity uncertainty is part of normative identity development...
December 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889217/the-sight-questionnaire-a-novel-assessment-tool-for-satisfaction-in-genital-hypospadias-treatment
#4
Peter U Ardelt, Marco Cederqvist, Michael Barth, Alexander Frankenschmidt
PURPOSE: Psychosexual development is currently underrepresented in hypospadias outcome research. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire addressing psychosexual long-term satisfaction, specifically of adolescent patients, after hypospadias repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multistep participative design we identified key interests of adolescent patients with hypospadias. Next, a questionnaire addressing specifically the psychosexual satisfaction of adolescents after hypospadias repair was established...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882458/personal-identity-development-in-hispanic-immigrant-adolescents-links-with-positive-psychosocial-functioning-depressive-symptoms-and-externalizing-problems
#5
Seth J Schwartz, Jennifer B Unger, Alan Meca, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Miguel Ángel Cano, Brandy Piña-Watson, José Szapocznik, Byron L Zamboanga, David Córdova, Andrea J Romero, Tae Kyoung Lee, Daniel W Soto, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Monica Pattarroyo
The present study was designed to examine trajectories of personal identity coherence and confusion among Hispanic recent-immigrant adolescents, as well as the effects of these trajectories on psychosocial and risk-taking outcomes. Personal identity is extremely important in anchoring young immigrants during a time of acute cultural change. A sample of 302 recently immigrated (5 years or less in the United States at baseline) Hispanic adolescents (Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = 0.88 years, range 14-17) from Miami and Los Angeles (47 % girls) completed measures of personal identity coherence and confusion at the first five waves of a six-wave longitudinal study; and reported on positive psychosocial functioning, depressive symptoms, and externalizing problems at baseline and at Time 6...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865339/development-and-mental-health-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-transgender-youth-in-pediatric-practice
#6
REVIEW
Stewart L Adelson, Oliver M Stroeh, Yiu Kee Warren Ng
Assessing, monitoring, and supporting children and adolescents' mental health are integral parts of comprehensive pediatric primary care. These are especially relevant for LGBT youth, who frequently experience unique stressors, often including having an identity different from family and peer expectations, whether to reveal it, and stigma like peer bullying, family rejection, social intolerance, and self nonacceptance. Pediatricians should know key mental health practice principles for LGBT youth, how to adapt these to various pediatric settings, the continuum of mental health interventions, and their local resources...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865337/what-the-primary-care-pediatrician-needs-to-know-about-gender-incongruence-and-gender-dysphoria-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
REVIEW
Annelou L C de Vries, Daniel Klink, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis
The recognition and acknowledgment that gender identity and birth-assigned sex may be incongruent in children and adolescents have evolved in recent decades. Transgender care for children and adolescents has developed and is now more widely available. Controversies exist, however, around clinical management of gender dysphoria and gender incongruence in children and adolescents. Clinical guidelines are consensus based and research evidence is limited. Puberty suppression as part of clinical management has become a valuable element of adolescent transgender care, but long-term evidence of success is limited...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848172/two-years-of-relationship-focused-mentoring-for-first-nations-m%C3%A3-tis-and-inuit-adolescents-promoting-positive-mental-health
#8
Claire V Crooks, Deinera Exner-Cortens, Sarah Burm, Alicia Lapointe, Debbie Chiodo
First Nations, Métis, and Inuit (FNMI) youth are disproportionately affected by a range of negative health outcomes including poor emotional and psychosocial well-being. At the same time, there is increasing awareness of culturally-specific protective factors for these youth, such as cultural connectedness and identity. This article reports the findings of a mixed-methods, exploratory longitudinal study on the effects of a culturally-relevant school-based mentoring program for FNMI youth that focuses on promoting mental well-being and the development of cultural identity...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848052/the-relationship-between-autistic-traits-and-atypical-sensory-functioning-in-neurotypical-and-asd-adults-a-spectrum-approach
#9
Jennifer L Mayer
Sensory processing atypicalities are a common feature in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and have previously been linked to a range of behaviours in individuals with ASD and atypical neurological development. More recently research has demonstrated a relationship between autistic traits in the neurotypical (NT) population and increased levels of atypical sensory behaviours. The aim of the present study is to extend previous research by examining specific patterns across aspects of autistic traits and sensory behaviours within both ASD and NT populations...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830930/self-concept-clarity-and-online-self-presentation-in-adolescents
#10
Chris Fullwood, Billie May James, Chao-Hwa Josephine Chen-Wilson
The Internet may be conceptualized as a social laboratory, providing freedom to experiment with different presentations of self. Adolescence is an important time in the development of self-concept; however, little is known about how clarity of self-concept relates to online behavior. The principal aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that self-concept clarity would be associated with adolescents' inclination to experiment with online self-presentation. One hundred forty-eight participants aged 13-18 completed the Self-Concept Clarity Scale, the Facebook Intensity Scale, and the Presentation of Online Self Scale (POSS)...
November 10, 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761125/prosocial-reward-learning-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Youngbin Kwak, Scott A Huettel
Adolescence is a period of increased sensitivity to social contexts. To evaluate how social context sensitivity changes over development-and influences reward learning-we investigated how children and adolescents perceive and integrate rewards for oneself and others during a dynamic risky decision-making task. Children and adolescents (N = 75, 8-16 years) performed the Social Gambling Task (SGT, Kwak et al., 2014) and completed a set of questionnaires measuring other-regarding behavior. In the SGT, participants choose amongst four card decks that have different payout structures for oneself and for a charity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756328/-sometimes-i-feel-like-a-pharmacist-identity-and-medication-use-among-adolescents-with-juvenile-arthritis
#12
J E McDonagh, K L Shaw, J Prescott, F J Smith, R Roberts, N J Gray
BACKGROUND: Taking medicines as intended is difficult for everybody, but young people going through adolescence have greater problems than adults and younger children. One of the most important things that happen during the teenage years is the development of individual identities, which might not remain constant during this time and can be affected deeply by the diagnosis of a long-term condition. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between identity and medication use among young people with juvenile arthritis...
October 19, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717387/the-associations-between-sedentary-behaviour-and-mental-health-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#13
Erin Hoare, Karen Milton, Charlie Foster, Steven Allender
BACKGROUND: With technological developments and modernised sedentary lifestyles has come an increase in diseases associated with inactivity such as obesity and other non-communicable diseases. Emerging evidence suggests that time spent sedentary may also interact with mental health. This systematic review examined the associations between sedentary behaviour and mental health problems among adolescents. METHODS: This systematic review followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, and applied a quality assessment tool for quantitative studies to identity best available evidence...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709995/time-varying-effects-of-family-ethnic-socialization-on-ethnic-racial-identity-development-among-latino-adolescents
#14
Sara Douglass, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor
Previous research has established that family ethnic socialization messages promote ethnic-racial identity (ERI) development, yet it is unknown whether these effects remain constant throughout adolescence. The current study examined the time-varying effects of family ethnic socialization on ERI exploration and resolution among Latino adolescents (n = 323, Mage at T1 = 15.31, SDage = .76; 49.5% female). As adolescents progressed from middle to late adolescence, the relation between family ethnic socialization and exploration became stronger, while the relation between family ethnic socialization and resolution became weaker, with a significant difference between the magnitude of these associations emerging in late adolescence...
October 6, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690495/subjective-and-objective-peer-approval-evaluations-and-self-esteem-development-a-test-of-reciprocal-prospective-and-long-term-effects
#15
Andrea E Gruenenfelder-Steiger, Michelle A Harris, Helmut A Fend
A large body of literature suggests a clear, concurrent association between peer approval and self-esteem in adolescence. However, little empirical work exists on either the prospective or reciprocal relation between peer approval and self-esteem during this age period. Moreover, it is unclear from past research whether both subjectively perceived peer approval and objectively measured peer approval are related to subsequent self-esteem over time (and vice versa) and whether these paths have long-term associations into adulthood...
October 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679843/telling-tales-personal-event-narratives-and-life-stories
#16
Carol Westby, Barbara Culatta
Purpose: Speech-language pathologists know much more about children's development of fictional narratives than they do about children's development of personal narratives and the role these personal narratives play in academic success, social-emotional development, and self-regulation. The purpose of this tutorial is to provide clinicians with strategies for assessing and developing children's and adolescents' personal narratives. Method: This tutorial reviews the literature on (a) the development of autobiographical event narratives and life stories, (b) factors that contribute to development of these genres, (c) the importance of these genres for the development of sense of self-identity and self-regulation, (d) deficits in personal narrative genres, and (e) strategies for eliciting and assessing event narratives and life stories...
September 27, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666650/asthma-transition-from-childhood-into-adulthood
#17
Oliver Fuchs, Thomas Bahmer, Klaus F Rabe, Erika von Mutius
Asthma is the most prevalent chronic respiratory disease both in children and adults and resembles a complex syndrome rather than a single disease. Different methods have been developed to better characterise distinct asthma phenotypes in childhood and adulthood. In studies of adults, most phenotyping relies on biomaterials from the lower airways; however, this information is missing in paediatric studies because of restricted accessibility. Few patients show symptoms throughout childhood, adolescence, and adulthood...
September 22, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647477/perception-and-recognition-of-faces-in-adolescence
#18
D Fuhrmann, L J Knoll, A L Sakhardande, M Speekenbrink, K C Kadosh, S-J Blakemore
Most studies on the development of face cognition abilities have focussed on childhood, with early maturation accounts contending that face cognition abilities are mature by 3-5 years. Late maturation accounts, in contrast, propose that some aspects of face cognition are not mature until at least 10 years. Here, we measured face memory and face perception, two core face cognition abilities, in 661 participants (397 females) in four age groups (younger adolescents (11.27-13.38 years); mid-adolescents (13.39-15...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637177/telling-the-tale-and-living-well-adolescent-narrative-identity-personality-traits-and-well-being-across-cultures
#19
Elaine Reese, Ella Myftari, Helena M McAnally, Yan Chen, Tia Neha, Qi Wang, Fiona Jack, Sarah-Jane Robertson
This study explored links between narrative identity, personality traits, and well-being for 263 adolescents (age 12-21) from three New Zealand cultures: Māori, Chinese, and European. Turning-point narratives were assessed for autobiographical reasoning (causal coherence), local thematic coherence, emotional expressivity, and topic. Across cultures, older adolescents with higher causal coherence reported better well-being. Younger adolescents with higher causal coherence instead reported poorer well-being...
September 17, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627572/the-thymus-a-forgotten-but-very-important-organ
#20
REVIEW
Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Ewelina Pachura, Paulina Pachura
Medical science seems to be on the threshold of a revolution: It seems possible that in twenty years, doctors will be able to replace organs in the human body like parts in a car. This is thanks to the recent achievement of a team from the Medical Research Council Center for Regenerative Medicine in Edinburgh, Scotland - the group of researchers tried to regenerate the thymus gland in mice. The thymus gland is an essential organ for the development of the immune system, but very few people have any idea that it exists...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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