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Doo-Ri Eo, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo
PURPOSE: To determine the necessity of rehabilitative surgical procedures for no implant anophthalmic sockets, and predictive factors of corrective operations after secondary orbital implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen unilateral anophthalmic patients without orbital implant were included. The distance of eyebrow, upper eyelid margin, and lower eyelid margin from the horizontal medial canthal line (BM, UM, and LM, respectively) was measured using photographs...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Livia Teo, Young Jun Woo, Dong Kyu Kim, Chang Yeom Kim, Jin Sook Yoon
PURPOSE: We describe our experience with the Permacol graft in anophthalmic socket reconstruction, and compare it to the autologous buccal mucosal graft, emphasizing the postoperative vascularization and contraction of each graft. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative study. We measured the time necessary for the graft surface to be completely vascularized, as well as the fornix depth of the conjunctival sac in anophthalmic patients. RESULTS: Ten patients underwent Permacol graft reconstruction, with 44 undergoing buccal mucosal graft reconstruction...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
Muhanad M Hatamleh, Mojgan Abbariki, Noor Alqudah, Anne E Cook
PURPOSE: Ocular prostheses are constructed to aid cosmetic, functional, and psychological rehabilitation of anophthalmic patients. Part-1 of this study aimed to evaluate anophthalmic patients' opinions, attitudes, and experience about aspects related to their postfit ocular prostheses. METHODS: One hundred sixty questionnaires were delivered to anophthalmic patients inquiring about different information such as age, gender, occupation, eye-loss cause, prosthesis type, prosthesis-wearing frequency, prosthesis-cleaning frequency, and problems encountered...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Caroline W Vargason, Louise A Mawn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Ophthalmology Clinics
Jie Fang, Wenbo Li, Mingyi Tian
Two new species of anophthalmic ground beetles belonging to the subfamily Trechinae are described: Cimmeritodes (Zhecimmerites) parvus Tian & Li, sp. n. and Wanoblemus wui Tian & Fang, gen. n., sp. n. Both were discovered in the limestone caves of Anhui Province in eastern China. Cimmeritodes (Zhecimmerites) parvus was found in caves Ziwei Dong, Xianren Dong and Qingtai Dong, whereas Wanoblemus wui was discovered in cave Baiyun Dong. This is the first record of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China...
2016: ZooKeys
Silvana Schellini, Regina El Dib, Leandro Re Silva, Joyce G Farat, Yuqing Zhang, Eliane C Jorge
BACKGROUND: Anophthalmia is the absence of one or both eyes, and it can be congenital (i.e. a birth defect) or acquired later in life. There are two main types of orbital implant: integrated, whereby the implant receives a blood supply from the body that allows for the integration of the prosthesis within the tissue; and non-integrated, where the implant remains separate. Despite the remarkable progress in anophthalmic socket reconstruction and in the development of various types of implants, there are still uncertainties about the real roles of integrated (hydroxyapatite (HA), porous polyethylene (PP), composites) and non-integrated (polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/acrylic and silicone) orbital implants in anophthalmic socket treatment...
November 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
S Saleha, M Ajmal, S Zafar, A Hameed
Clinical anophthalmia is a rare inherited disease of the eye and phenotype refers to the absence of ocular tissue in the orbit of eye. Patients may have unilateral or bilateral anophthalmia, and generally have short palpebral fissures and small orbits. Anophthalmia may be isolated or associated with a broader syndrome and may have genetic or environmental causes. However, genetic cause has been defined in only a small proportion of cases, therefore, a consanguineous Pakistani family of the Pashtoon ethnic group, with isolated clinical anophthalmia was investigated using linkage mapping...
July 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
M G Arellano-Ganem, F Zuazo, M González, A Abdala, O Olvera-Morales, J L Tovilla-Canales, Á Nava-Castañeda
INTRODUCTION: Evisceration is currently becoming the technique of choice in the treatment of certain eye diseases, including, among others, painful blind eye and endophthalmitis. The most widely used implants are currently the hydroxyapatite and porous polyethylene for the rehabilitation of the anophthalmic socket. OBJECTIVE: To describe the indications, type of implant material used, and complications in evisceration surgery. METHODS: A retrospective, observational, descriptive study based on clinical records of patients that underwent evisceration between 2008 and 2015 in the Instituto Fundación Conde de Valenciana, Mexico...
September 26, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Rania Assem El Essawy, Sameh Hassan Abdelbaky
PURPOSE: To report the results of a simple outpatient method for soft tissue socket expansion in young children with congenital anophthalmos. METHODS: Seventeen congenital anophthalmic sockets of 15 infants of a mean age of 4.2±4.4 months were fitted with specially designed serial solid acrylic shapes or hydrogel expanders using cyanoacrylate for eyelids closure when using the latter. RESULTS: At the age of 2 years, the mean horizontal eyelid length increased from a mean of 11...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Peter Hlaváč, Ján Lakota, Dávid Čeplík
The genus Speluncarius Reitter, 1886 (Harpalinae, Pterostichini) is made up by anophthalmous or almost blind species. The genus is related to Tapinopterus Schaum, 1858, which contains numerous species from the Balkan-Anatolian region and have more or less developed eyes. Speluncarius is distributed in the Western Palaearctic region; 26 species and one subspecies are known from Italy, the Balkan Peninsula and Turkey. The genus is classified in five subgenera, Elasmopterus Kraatz, 1886 (6 spp.); Hypogearius Jeannel, 1953 (3 spp...
September 2, 2016: Zootaxa
Francesco Baino, Isabel Potestio
In the treatment of severe oculo-orbital traumas, intraocular malignancies or other life-threatening conditions it is sometimes necessary to surgically remove the patient's diseased eye. Following the removal of the eye, an orbital implant is inserted into the anophthalmic socket in order to provide satisfactory volume replacement and restore the aesthetic appearance of a normal eye. Over the last decades, the implant design and the criteria of materials selection evolved from simple non-porous polymeric sphere to devices with more complex shape and functionalities for ensuring better clinical outcomes in the long-term...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jennifer S N Verhoekx, Anina Rengifo Coolman, Win Hou Willy Tse, Dion Paridaens
PURPOSE: To compare the frequency of orbital implant exposure and extrusion following eye removal with a simplified closure technique, closing Tenon's capsule and conjunctiva in 1 layer versus the classic technique of closure in 2 separate layers. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective case note review of patients who underwent evisceration or enucleation treated by 1 surgeon between 2001 and 2013. Between 2001 and 2004, Tenon's capsule and conjunctiva were closed in separate layers; after 2004, a simplified 1-layer closure following eye removal was used...
September 6, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Peter Hlaváč, Lukáš Blažej
Neuraphes (Pararaphes) anophthalmus sp. nov. of the tribe Glandulariini is described from Albania. The genus is for the first time recorded to include completely anophthalmous males.
August 8, 2016: Zootaxa
C F Amaral, J M Cordeiro, T C S Emídio, A G C Presotto, C M R Barbosa
The absence of the eyeball can generate psychosocial and facial harmony changes, such as atrophy of the muscles around it. In these cases, the use of an orthostatic prosthesis with expanding function fosters distension of the tissues for subsequent rehabilitation. This technique consists of making individual ocular prostheses with gradual enlargement of size. The aim of this following clinical report was to describe the technique used in the standing prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient, 73 years old, who underwent enucleation of the right eye as a result of glaucoma...
October 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Laila AlGhafri, Sahar M Elkhamary, Azza Maktabi, Alberto Gálvez-Ruiz, Julio Galindo-Alonso, Silvana Schellini Proff
Two case reports are used to illustrate the signs and symptoms, complications and treatments of chronic socket inflammation due to intraorbital implants. The ophthalmic examination, surgeries and treatments are documented. Two anophthalmic cases that underwent enucleation and multiple orbital surgeries to enhance the anophthalmic socket volume developed pain, intense discharge and contracted cavities with chronic inflammation in the socket which was nonresponsive to medical therapy. Computed tomography indicated a hypodense foreign body in both cases causing an intense inflammatory reaction...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Marie-Eve Laramée, Katrien Smolders, Tjing-Tjing Hu, Gilles Bronchti, Denis Boire, Lutgarde Arckens
In blind individuals, visually deprived occipital areas are activated by non-visual stimuli. The extent of this cross-modal activation depends on the age at onset of blindness. Cross-modal inputs have access to several anatomical pathways to reactivate deprived visual areas. Ectopic cross-modal subcortical connections have been shown in anophthalmic animals but not in animals deprived of sight at a later age. Direct and indirect cross-modal cortical connections toward visual areas could also be involved, yet the number of neurons implicated is similar between blind mice and sighted controls...
2016: PloS One
Mohamed F K Ibrahiem, Sahar T A Abdelaziz
Purpose. To evaluate a new surgical technique using fascia lata to deepen the shallow inferior conjunctival fornix in contracted socket and anophthalmic socket syndrome. Methods. A prospective controlled study in which 24 sockets of 24 patients who were unable to wear and retain their ocular prosthesis due to shallow inferior fornix were enrolled and categorized into anophthalmic socket syndromes (9 patients) and contracted sockets (15 patients). Another 24 patients who underwent evisceration or enucleation with healthy sockets and can wear and retain their prosthesis comfortably were chosen as a control group...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Won-Kyung Cho, Su-Kyung Jung, Ji-Sun Paik, Suk-Woo Yang
Patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket suffer from cosmetic problems. To resolve those problems, the authors present the surgical outcomes of deep superior sulcus (DSS) augmentation using acellular dermal matrix in patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket. The authors retrospectively reviewed anophthalmic or phthisis patients who underwent surgery for DSS augmentation using acellular dermal matrix. To evaluate surgical outcomes, the authors focused on 3 aspects: the possibility of wearing contact prosthesis, the degree of correction of the DSS, and any surgical complications...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sébastien Ruiters, Yi Sun, Stéphan de Jong, Constantinus Politis, Ilse Mombaerts
Restoring the facial appearance in acquired anophthalmos entails precision fitting of a customised ocular prosthesis. The fabrication is an artisanal process, and is primarily based on an impression of the anophthalmic cavity. This is usually achieved by the impression-moulding method, which, however, may introduce errors, resulting in a poorly fitted prosthesis. We developed a new method in the manufacturing of a customised ocular prosthesis based on computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing. An ocular prosthesis, based on a three-dimensional (3D) printed impression-free mould of the anophthalmic cavity, was successfully fitted in a 68-year-old male...
July 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Selam Yekta Sendul, Burcu Dirim, Mehmet Demir, Zeynep Acar, Atilla Gokce Demir, Ali Olgun, Semra Tiryaki, Cemile Ucgul, Dilek Guven
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of tarsoaponeurectomy in patients with unsuccessful results after repetitive surgery or who developed post-traumatic blepharoptosis. METHODS: The files of 107 patients (136 eyes) on whom surgery was performed between January 2010 and December 2014 due to blepharoptosis were scanned retrospectively. Among these patients, the files and operational notes of eight patients who underwent surgery through the method of tarsoaponeurectomy were examined in detail...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
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