Read by QxMD icon Read


M G Arellano-Ganem, F Zuazo, M González, A Abdala, O Olvera-Morales, J L Tovilla-Canales, Á Nava-Castañeda
INTRODUCTION: Evisceration is currently becoming the technique of choice in the treatment of certain eye diseases, including, among others, painful blind eye and endophthalmitis. The most widely used implants are currently the hydroxyapatite and porous polyethylene for the rehabilitation of the anophthalmic socket. OBJECTIVE: To describe the indications, type of implant material used, and complications in evisceration surgery. METHODS: A retrospective, observational, descriptive study based on clinical records of patients that underwent evisceration between 2008 and 2015 in the Instituto Fundación Conde de Valenciana, Mexico...
September 26, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Rania Assem El Essawy, Sameh Hassan Abdelbaky
PURPOSE: To report the results of a simple outpatient method for soft tissue socket expansion in young children with congenital anophthalmos. METHODS: Seventeen congenital anophthalmic sockets of 15 infants of a mean age of 4.2±4.4 months were fitted with specially designed serial solid acrylic shapes or hydrogel expanders using cyanoacrylate for eyelids closure when using the latter. RESULTS: At the age of 2 years, the mean horizontal eyelid length increased from a mean of 11...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Peter Hlaváč, Ján Lakota, Dávid Čeplík
The genus Speluncarius Reitter, 1886 (Harpalinae, Pterostichini) is made up by anophthalmous or almost blind species. The genus is related to Tapinopterus Schaum, 1858, which contains numerous species from the Balkan-Anatolian region and have more or less developed eyes. Speluncarius is distributed in the Western Palaearctic region; 26 species and one subspecies are known from Italy, the Balkan Peninsula and Turkey. The genus is classified in five subgenera, Elasmopterus Kraatz, 1886 (6 spp.); Hypogearius Jeannel, 1953 (3 spp...
2016: Zootaxa
Francesco Baino, Isabel Potestio
In the treatment of severe oculo-orbital traumas, intraocular malignancies or other life-threatening conditions it is sometimes necessary to surgically remove the patient's diseased eye. Following the removal of the eye, an orbital implant is inserted into the anophthalmic socket in order to provide satisfactory volume replacement and restore the aesthetic appearance of a normal eye. Over the last decades, the implant design and the criteria of materials selection evolved from simple non-porous polymeric sphere to devices with more complex shape and functionalities for ensuring better clinical outcomes in the long-term...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jennifer S N Verhoekx, Anina Rengifo Coolman, Win Hou Willy Tse, Dion Paridaens
PURPOSE: To compare the frequency of orbital implant exposure and extrusion following eye removal with a simplified closure technique, closing Tenon's capsule and conjunctiva in 1 layer versus the classic technique of closure in 2 separate layers. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective case note review of patients who underwent evisceration or enucleation treated by 1 surgeon between 2001 and 2013. Between 2001 and 2004, Tenon's capsule and conjunctiva were closed in separate layers; after 2004, a simplified 1-layer closure following eye removal was used...
September 6, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Peter Hlaváč, Lukáš Blažej
Neuraphes (Pararaphes) anophthalmus sp. nov. of the tribe Glandulariini is described from Albania. The genus is for the first time recorded to include completely anophthalmous males.
2016: Zootaxa
C F Amaral, J M Cordeiro, T C S Emídio, A G C Presotto, C M R Barbosa
The absence of the eyeball can generate psychosocial and facial harmony changes, such as atrophy of the muscles around it. In these cases, the use of an orthostatic prosthesis with expanding function fosters distension of the tissues for subsequent rehabilitation. This technique consists of making individual ocular prostheses with gradual enlargement of size. The aim of this following clinical report was to describe the technique used in the standing prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient, 73 years old, who underwent enucleation of the right eye as a result of glaucoma...
October 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Laila AlGhafri, Sahar M Elkhamary, Azza Maktabi, Alberto Gálvez-Ruiz, Julio Galindo-Alonso, Silvana Schellini Proff
Two case reports are used to illustrate the signs and symptoms, complications and treatments of chronic socket inflammation due to intraorbital implants. The ophthalmic examination, surgeries and treatments are documented. Two anophthalmic cases that underwent enucleation and multiple orbital surgeries to enhance the anophthalmic socket volume developed pain, intense discharge and contracted cavities with chronic inflammation in the socket which was nonresponsive to medical therapy. Computed tomography indicated a hypodense foreign body in both cases causing an intense inflammatory reaction...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Marie-Eve Laramée, Katrien Smolders, Tjing-Tjing Hu, Gilles Bronchti, Denis Boire, Lutgarde Arckens
In blind individuals, visually deprived occipital areas are activated by non-visual stimuli. The extent of this cross-modal activation depends on the age at onset of blindness. Cross-modal inputs have access to several anatomical pathways to reactivate deprived visual areas. Ectopic cross-modal subcortical connections have been shown in anophthalmic animals but not in animals deprived of sight at a later age. Direct and indirect cross-modal cortical connections toward visual areas could also be involved, yet the number of neurons implicated is similar between blind mice and sighted controls...
2016: PloS One
Mohamed F K Ibrahiem, Sahar T A Abdelaziz
Purpose. To evaluate a new surgical technique using fascia lata to deepen the shallow inferior conjunctival fornix in contracted socket and anophthalmic socket syndrome. Methods. A prospective controlled study in which 24 sockets of 24 patients who were unable to wear and retain their ocular prosthesis due to shallow inferior fornix were enrolled and categorized into anophthalmic socket syndromes (9 patients) and contracted sockets (15 patients). Another 24 patients who underwent evisceration or enucleation with healthy sockets and can wear and retain their prosthesis comfortably were chosen as a control group...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Won-Kyung Cho, Su-Kyung Jung, Ji-Sun Paik, Suk-Woo Yang
Patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket suffer from cosmetic problems. To resolve those problems, the authors present the surgical outcomes of deep superior sulcus (DSS) augmentation using acellular dermal matrix in patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket. The authors retrospectively reviewed anophthalmic or phthisis patients who underwent surgery for DSS augmentation using acellular dermal matrix. To evaluate surgical outcomes, the authors focused on 3 aspects: the possibility of wearing contact prosthesis, the degree of correction of the DSS, and any surgical complications...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sébastien Ruiters, Yi Sun, Stéphan de Jong, Constantinus Politis, Ilse Mombaerts
: Restoring the facial appearance in acquired anophthalmos entails precision fitting of a customised ocular prosthesis. The fabrication is an artisanal process, and is primarily based on an impression of the anophthalmic cavity. This is usually achieved by the impression-moulding method, which, however, may introduce errors, resulting in a poorly fitted prosthesis. We developed a new method in the manufacturing of a customised ocular prosthesis based on computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing...
April 27, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Selam Yekta Sendul, Burcu Dirim, Mehmet Demir, Zeynep Acar, Atilla Gokce Demir, Ali Olgun, Semra Tiryaki, Cemile Ucgul, Dilek Guven
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of tarsoaponeurectomy in patients with unsuccessful results after repetitive surgery or who developed post-traumatic blepharoptosis. METHODS: The files of 107 patients (136 eyes) on whom surgery was performed between January 2010 and December 2014 due to blepharoptosis were scanned retrospectively. Among these patients, the files and operational notes of eight patients who underwent surgery through the method of tarsoaponeurectomy were examined in detail...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Roya Zolfaghari, Acieh Es'haghi, Anahita Amirsardari, Mohammad Bagher Abtahi, Nasser Karimi, Amirpooya Alemzadeh, Mohamadreza Aghamirsalim
PURPOSE: To compare the results of tear film and lacrimal drainage system tests between anophthalmic socket and normal eye and assess discharge characteristics and frequency of prosthesis removal (questionnaire), eyelid function, and meibomian glad dysfunction (MGD). DESIGN: Prospective masked case control. METHODS: Subjects (≥6 years and ≥6 months of wearing prosthesis) with unilateral acquired anophthalmic socket discharge were included...
May 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Silvana Schellini, Eliane Jorge, Roberta Sousa, John Burroughs, Regina El-Dib
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of porous and nonporous implants for management of the anophthalmic socket. METHODS: Case series meta-analysis was conducted with no language restriction, including studies from: PUBMED, EMBASE and LILACS. Study eligibility criteria were case series design with more than 20 cases reported, use of porous and/or nonporous orbital implants, anophthalmic socket and, treatment success defined as no implant exposure or extrusion...
2016: Orbit
Michael G Neimkin, Philip L Custer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of protective lens wear by anophthalmic patients and identify factors that influence compliance. METHODS: An IRB approved descriptive retrospective chart review of patients undergoing surgery with the senior author (PLC) with an anophthalmic orbit and one remaining sighted eye. Results were tabulated and analyzed using age, indication for procedure, duration of visual symptoms, safety glasses wear, number of postoperative visits, and evidence of new trauma to the remaining eye...
February 10, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Feifei Sun, Mingyi Tian
A new subgenus and new species of anophthalmic trechine beetles, Oodinotrechus (Pingleotrechus) yinae subgen. n., sp. n., is described and illustrated from a limestone cave called Chaotianyan in southern part of Guilin karst, northeastern Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The new taxon is very different from the Maolan-Mulun congeners belonging to the nominate subgenus Oodinotrechus (s. str.) Uéno, 1998, in several important character states including pronotal structure, elytral chaetotaxy and male genitalia...
2015: ZooKeys
D L Mourits, J Wolff, T Forouzanfar, A Ridwan-Pramana, A C Moll, P de Graaf, J S Remmers, E Kraal-Biezen, D T Hartong
BACKGROUND: Orbital cysts are rare developmental anomalies that can occur in microphthalmic and anophthalmic patients. Such cysts can promote orbital growth and subsequently markedly increase the size of the orbit, which is commonly underdeveloped in these patients. Cyst removal is therefore generally dissuaded (at least) in the first 5 years. CLINICAL CASE: A 6-year-old boy with a microphthalmos and a cyst developed protrusion of his prosthetic eye and a swelling of the lower eyelid...
June 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
Kira L Segal, Gary J Lelli, Alina Djougarian, Caroline R Rosenberg, April J McCullough, Richard D Lisman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ivan Vrcek, Guy Ben Simon, John McCann, Robert A Goldberg, Tanuj Nakra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"