keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anophthalmic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882848/orbital-recurrence-of-iris-melanoma-21-years-after-enucleation
#1
Emilie Bergeron, Nadia Lihimdi, Dan Bergeron, Solange Landreville
We present the case of a 56-year-old man who developed a neoplasm of epithelioid histology in his anophthalmic left orbit 21 years after he underwent enucleation for a spindle cell iris melanoma. The recurrent tumour was managed by orbital exenteration. Neither further recurrence nor metastasis was diagnosed over a 5-year follow-up period. This case, along with five other similar cases in the literature,(1-3) emphasises the importance of long-term follow-up after treatment of iris melanoma.
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876138/aetiology-of-acquired-blepharoptosis-in-young-adults
#2
Sulakshan Rasiah, Thomas G Hardy, James E Elder, Cheng Y Ng, Mpopi Lenake, Alan A McNab
PURPOSE: To identify the causes of blepharoptosis in young adults, and explore cases that do not fit into current diagnostic categories. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all patients aged 18-40 years ("young adults") with acquired blepharoptosis that presented to two specialist ocular plastics practices and a paediatric ophthalmologist over a period of up to 25 years. Each patient was classified according to diagnosis. Where the diagnosis was uncertain, the files were examined in detail to try and further establish a cause...
September 6, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820172/timing-of-surgery-in-traumatic-globe-dislocation
#3
Md Shahid Alam, Olma Veena Noronha, Bipasha Mukherjee
Traumatic globe dislocation into the maxillary sinus is a rare event and usually associated with a poor visual outcome if not managed appropriately. We report a 45-year-old female patient who presented to the emergency after blunt injury to her face with a door. Initial evaluation revealed nil perception of light and an apparently anophthalmic socket. Neuroimaging revealed large floor and medial wall fracture with dislocation of the globe into the maxillary sinus. The patient underwent exploration with repositioning of the globe and fracture repair...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812919/comparison-of-primary-and-secondary-enucleation-for-uveal-melanoma
#4
Chau M Pham, Philip L Custer, Steven M Couch
We investigated operative course and post-operative findings of patients undergoing primary enucleation for uveal melanoma versus those requiring secondary enucleation after brachytherapy. A retrospective chart review was performed with IRB approval on patients receiving treatment for uveal melanoma. Patients with enucleation as initial treatment and patients enucleated after plaque brachytherapy were analyzed for demographic data, operative course, and post-enucleation outcome. Further cause analysis for secondary enucleations was investigated...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812412/an-investigation-into-discharge-visual-perception-and-appearance-concerns-of-prosthetic-eye-wearers
#5
Nicola S Pine, Ian de Terte, Keith R Pine
We investigate prosthetic eye wearers' initial and current concerns about mucoid discharge, visual perception, and appearance, and the reasons for their concerns. A retrospective, cross-sectional study of private practice patients was designed. Participants were 217 experienced prosthetic eye wearers, aged at least 16 years. An anonymous questionnaire was e-mailed or mailed to participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to investigate differences or correlations between variables. Content analysis was used to analyze participants' open responses...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780249/dermal-fat-graft-for-anophthalmic-socket-in-children-enucleated-for-retinoblastoma
#6
V Bosch-Canto, C Cruz, J C Ordaz-Favila
Retinoblastoma is the most frequent intraocular tumour in childhood. The definitive treatment is enucleation. The management of the anophthalmic socket consists in the use of a plastic implant. The problem is that they are expensive and they usually extrude. The use of dermal-fat grafts minimises the hemi-facial hypoplasia. They usually grow with the face, and help to expand the orbital bones, thus avoiding the psychological and physical consequences. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is hemi-facial hypoplasia, using MRI images after the use of a dermal-fat implant in patients enucleated for RB...
August 2, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767475/exaggerated-oculocardiac-reflex-elicited-by-local-anesthetic-injection-of-an-empty-orbit-a-case-report
#7
David Nicholson, Andrea Kossler, Katie Topping, Creed M Stary
We report the first description of oculocardiac reflex elicited with injection of local anesthetic in an empty orbit, and highlight clinical indicators for patients that may be at risk for an exaggerated oculocardiac reflex. We describe a patient with prior head and eye trauma treated for anophthalmic socket reconstruction at an outpatient eye surgery center. Injection of local anesthetic into the empty orbit induced an extended sinus arrest. This exaggerated response was avoided in a subsequent surgery by pretreatment with high-dose anticholinergics...
August 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711015/hydrophilic-surface-modification-of-poly-methyl-methacrylate-based-ocular-prostheses-using-poly-ethylene-glycol-grafting
#8
JaeSang Ko, Kanghee Cho, Sang Won Han, Hyung Kyung Sung, Seung Woon Baek, Won-Gun Koh, Jin Sook Yoon
Ocular prostheses are custom-made polymeric inserts that can be placed in anophthalmic sockets for cosmetic rehabilitation. Prosthetic eye wearers have reduced tear amount, and they often experience dry eye symptoms including dryness, irritation, discomfort, and discharge. Most modern ocular prostheses are made of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), which is highly hydrophobic. Previous research has shown that improving the wettability of contact lens materials decreases its wearers discomfort by increasing lubrication...
July 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706880/a-novel-method-for-the-management-of-anophthalmic-socket
#9
Srinivasa B Rao, Savita Akki, Deepak Kumar, Sunil Kumar Mishra
An orbital defect causes severe facial asymmetry and disfigurement that result in an immense emotional trauma to the patient and is also associated with economic, esthetic, and psychological problems. A prosthetic replacement is the treatment of choice in helping individual to return to his normal life by producing an acceptable and lifelike appearance. This case report describes the critical areas of fabrication of ocular prosthesis for a patient with missing right eye due to trauma to eye ball in an accident...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675567/a-modulatory-role-of-the-rax-homeobox-gene-in-mature-pineal-gland-function-investigating-the-photoneuroendocrine-circadian-system-of-a-rax-conditional-knockout-mouse
#10
Kristian Rohde, Tenna Bering, Takahisa Furukawa, Martin Fredensborg Rath
The retinal and anterior neural fold homeobox gene (Rax) controls development of the eye and the forebrain. Postnatal expression of Rax in the brain is restricted to the pineal gland, a forebrain structure devoted to melatonin synthesis. The role of Rax in pineal function is unknown. In order to investigate the role of Rax in pineal function while circumventing forebrain abnormalities of the global Rax knockout, we generated an eye and pineal-specific Rax conditional knockout mouse. Deletion of Rax in the pineal gland did not affect morphology of the gland, suggesting that Rax is not essential for pineal gland development...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603245/checklist-of-the-micro-and-anophthalmic-soil-dwelling-weevils-of-the-world-coleoptera-curculionidae
#11
Juan J Morrone, Peter Hlaváč
A checklist of the soil-dwelling microphthalmic and anophthalmic weevils of the world is presented. A total of 485 species in 85 genera are recognised, distributed over eight subfamilies and 26 tribes. The subfamilies are arranged in the currently accepted phylogenetic sequence, whereas the tribes, genera and species are listed in alphabetical order. For each species, the type locality and the geographical distribution by country is provided. Particularly diversified taxa are Entiminae: Otiorhynchini (125 species), Brachycerinae: Raymondionymini (90 species), Cossoninae: Dryotribini (59 species), Cryptorhynchinae: Torneumatini (58 species) and Molytinae: Lymantini (39 species)...
March 8, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601909/study-of-conjunctival-flora-in-anophthalmic-patients-influence-on-the-comfort-of-the-socket
#12
Alvaro Toribio, Teresa Marrodán, Isabel Fernández-Natal, Honorina Martínez-Blanco, Leandro Rodríguez-Aparicio, Miguel Á Ferrero
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between conjunctival flora and comfort of the socket in anophthalmic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional clinical study including 60 patients with unilateral anophthalmia who wear a prosthetic eye. From each patient three microbiological samples were taken from the lower conjunctival sac (healthy eye, pre-prosthesis, and retro-prosthesis space of socket). The 180 samples obtained were cultured. Samples from a randomized subgroup of 29 patients were measured by spectrophotometry at 540 nm after 48 h of growth, to determine their microbial density (MD)...
August 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584422/an-innovative-and-simple-approach-to-fabricate-a-hollow-ocular-prosthesis-with-functional-lubricant-reservoir-a-solution-to-artificial-eye-comfort
#13
Aditya Anil Kavlekar, Meena Ajay Aras, Vidya Chitre
The loss of an eye is an emotional and psychological setback to the patient. An ocular prosthesis is created to restore the lost anatomical structure and to correct the cosmetic defect. The tear reflexes do not function at optimal levels in anophthalmic sockets which make prosthesis wear uncomfortable. This case report presents an innovative hollow ocular prosthesis with functional lubricant reservoir which upon normal blinking would draw the lubricant from the reservoir through an exit hole which spreads over the prosthesis allowing a comfortable and long duration of prosthesis wear...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582288/a-survey-of-ocular-prosthetics-rehabilitation-in-the-united-kingdom-part-2-anophthalmic-patients-satisfaction-and-acceptance
#14
Muhanad M Hatamleh, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Mojgan Abbariki, Noor Alqudah, Anne E Cook
AIM: Ocular prostheses are integral for anophthalmic patients. Part 1 of this study reported that patients' aetiology, opinions, and attitudes significantly affected their prosthetic eyes experience. Part 2 investigates the patient satisfaction and acceptance in light of some of the aetiological demographics reported in Part 1. METHODOLOGY: One hundred sixty questionnaires were delivered to anophthalmic patients attending oculoplastic clinic. Etiological aspects presented in the questionnaire were disseminated in part 1...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530256/can-the-onset-of-orbital-cancer-be-the-result-of-a-prosthetic-eye
#15
A Croce, V Mastronardi, M Laus, E Festa Kotelnikova
Orbital exenteration is a disfiguring procedure performed for unresponsive orbital infections and control of recurrent benign tumours and malignancies arising from the eyelids (basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, conjunctival malignant melanoma), lachrymal glands (adenoid cystic carcinoma) or surrounding sinuses. In extremely rare cases the use of a prosthetic eye after enucleation can lead to anophthalmic socket tumours. We report the case of a 54-year-old man who had left eye enucleation due to recurring events of retinal detachment and who developed an invasive fast growing epidermoid carcinoma 30 years later...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476055/pv16-positive-invasive-conjunctival-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-an-anophthalmic-socket
#16
Eric D Gaier, Frederick A Jakobiec, Anna M Stagner, Kevin Emerick, Michael K Yoon
Squamous cell carcinoma arising from conjunctiva in the anophthalmic socket decades following enucleation is rare, but has been previously described. The authors report the first case associated with human papillomavirus (serotype 16) with regional metastases. The patient ultimately underwent orbital exenteration along with parotidectomy and neck dissection which revealed positive lymph nodes. The literature is reviewed relating to this uncommon entity and its management with an analysis of potential contributing risk factors...
May 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318922/surgical-rehabilitation-for-anophthalmic-sockets-devoid-of-orbital-implant
#17
Doo-Ri Eo, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo
PURPOSE: To determine the necessity of rehabilitative surgical procedures for no implant anophthalmic sockets, and predictive factors of corrective operations after secondary orbital implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen unilateral anophthalmic patients without orbital implant were included. The distance of eyebrow, upper eyelid margin, and lower eyelid margin from the horizontal medial canthal line (BM, UM, and LM, respectively) was measured using photographs...
May 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243018/surgical-outcomes-of-porcine-acellular-dermis-graft-in-anophthalmic-socket-comparison-with-oral-mucosa-graft
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Livia Teo, Young Jun Woo, Dong Kyu Kim, Chang Yeom Kim, Jin Sook Yoon
PURPOSE: We describe our experience with the Permacol graft in anophthalmic socket reconstruction, and compare it to the autologous buccal mucosal graft, emphasizing the postoperative vascularization and contraction of each graft. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative study. We measured the time necessary for the graft surface to be completely vascularized, as well as the fornix depth of the conjunctival sac in anophthalmic patients. RESULTS: Ten patients underwent Permacol graft reconstruction, with 44 undergoing buccal mucosal graft reconstruction...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145922/survey-of-ocular-prosthetics-rehabilitation-in-the-united-kingdom-part-1-anophthalmic-patients-aetiology-opinions-and-attitudes
#19
Muhanad M Hatamleh, Mojgan Abbariki, Noor Alqudah, Anne E Cook
PURPOSE: Ocular prostheses are constructed to aid cosmetic, functional, and psychological rehabilitation of anophthalmic patients. Part-1 of this study aimed to evaluate anophthalmic patients' opinions, attitudes, and experience about aspects related to their postfit ocular prostheses. METHODS: One hundred sixty questionnaires were delivered to anophthalmic patients inquiring about different information such as age, gender, occupation, eye-loss cause, prosthesis type, prosthesis-wearing frequency, prosthesis-cleaning frequency, and problems encountered...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898617/management-of-inflammation-and-periocular-malignancy-in-the-anophthalmic-socket
#20
Caroline W Vargason, Louise A Mawn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Ophthalmology Clinics
keyword
keyword
92768
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"