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Eduardo Damous Feijó, Ana Carla de Souza Nery, Fábio Ramos Caiado, Aline Maria Prehis, Roberto Murillo Limongi
To our knowledge, we report the first case of an extraconal orbital cystic schwannoma in Brazilian literature. The tumor grew slowly and progressively and was associated with minimal eccentric proptosis and diplopia. The radiologic study (orbital computed tomography) revealed a rounded, encapsulated, and extraconal cystic mass in the superior medial region of the right orbit in the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerve topography. An anterior orbitotomy with full excision of the tumor was performed, and the histopathology examination revealed that the tumor was a schwannoma...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Neerav Lamba, Douglas P Dworak, Shyam A Patel, Rohini Chennuri
A 29-year-old male with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome presented with a week of left eye blurriness, which then progressed to complete vision loss. On exam, the left pupil was nonreactive to light, and fundoscopy showed significant optic nerve edema. CT and MRI of the left orbit showed a mass lesion compressing the posterior aspect of the sclera with diffuse thickening and contrast enhancement of the retrobulbar portion of the left optic nerve. The lesion demonstrated low T1 and intermediate T2 intensities and heterogeneous contrast enhancement and measured 17...
2016: GMS Ophthalmol Cases
Rafael Corredor-Osorio, Nelly Ramos-Pineda, María Eugenia Orellana
An 18-months-old male infant presented with a rapidly growing tumor on the right upper eyelid. Orbital computed tomography (CT) revealed a large, well-circumscribed mass with low density signal in the right upper eyelid. Magnetic resonance images (MRI) showed a lesion of mixed T1-signal intensity and high signal intensity in T2-weighted images. The tumor was treated by simple anterior orbitotomy with excisional biopsy, and the diagnosis of fibrolipoma was made by histopathologic examination. There was no evidence of tumor at the four-year follow-up...
2016: GMS Ophthalmol Cases
Murat Ulutas, Suat Boyacı, Akın Akakın, Türker Kılıç, Kaya Aksoy
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the middle fossa or cavernous sinus (CS), or intraorbital tumors, can penetrate each other through the superior orbital fissure (SOF) or neighboring tissue. These complicated pathologies are often treated with highly invasive surgical procedures. In this article, we demonstrate surgical anatomic dissections of the CS, SOF, orbital apex (OA), and dura mater extending to the periorbita from the middle fossa, by performing an epidural dissection via a lateral orbitotomy approach, and discuss findings that may provide guidance during surgery in these regions...
November 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Paweł Daszkiewicz, Dariusz Dziedzic, Piotr Daszkiewicz
Shot wounds become a growing clinical concern in the civilian setting, due to increasing popularity of air guns among minors. We present a pediatric case of a shot wound to the orbit with sparing of the eyeball and retention of airgun pellet in the retrobulbar space. The pellet was removed 3 months after injury via lateral orbitotomy. Pathophysiology and ballistics of shot wounds are briefly reviewed and current views on the management strategy of shot wounds with retained projectile are discussed.
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Somen Misra, Akshay Bhandari, Neeta Misra, Pratik Gogri, Shruti Mahajan
Ectopic lacrimal gland, being one of the choristomas, is comprised of lacrimal gland tissue outside the lacrimal gland fossa in the fronto-lateral part of the orbital roof. Ectopic lacrimal gland is a rare condition where the gland may be found in the orbit, eyelids, ocular adnexa or within the globe. Neoplastic transformation of such tissue may occur. A sixty-two-year old male patient presented with right eye proptosis and slight nasal displacement of the globe. Computerized tomography scan revealed a well-defined hypodense lesion of size 19 x 18 x 20 mm supero-lateral to lateral rectus muscle, with mild proptosis and thinning of the right lateral orbital wall...
October 2016: Orbit
Ishan Acharya, Divya Basa, M Kavitha
We report a case of isolated Aspergillus dacryoadenitis. A 23-year-old male presented with dull ache, diffuse swelling in superolateral quadrant of the right orbit and proptosis for 4 months. Ocular examination showed conjunctival congestion, discharge in the fornix and palpable lacrimal gland (LG) mass. Routine hematological investigations followed by computed tomography scan of orbits were done. He did not respond to a course of systemic and topical antibiotics. Lateral orbitotomy with extended lid crease incision was performed with excision biopsy of LG...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Jianhua Yan
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: To report a rare patient with idiopathic orbital inflammatory pseudotumor showing obvious bone erosion of the orbital wall. METHODS: Clinical features and imaging findings, orbital surgery, and histopathological examination are presented. RESULTS: A 56-year-old Chinese man showed a gradually growing unilateral proptosis of the left eye for 6 months. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure, anterior segment, and fundi were normal in both eyes...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Bulent Yazici, Nesimi Orucov, Gunay Ibrahimzade
Pseudomonas aeruginosa conjunctivitis, although rare in healthy infants, may cause serious ocular and systemic complications. A 30-day-old, otherwise healthy male infant was referred with the diagnosis of right orbital abscess. The patient had been diagnosed as having Pseudomonas conjunctivitis 9 days previously at the referring center. Despite antibiotic treatment, his ocular findings had worsened and marked proptosis had developed. Other examination findings were ptosis, restriction of eye movements, periorbital erythema, and chemosis...
July 21, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Kator Chaha, Dominic Chinda, Mustapha Abubakar Waziri, Emmanuel Raphael Abah
This study was conducted to highlight the diagnostic and management challenges of orbital apex lesions. It is a retrospective report of a 14-year-old female who presented with no perception of light vision in her left eye following a 1-year history of left unilateral axial proptosis. Her computed tomography scan revealed a mass surrounding the optic nerve which was reported to be an optic nerve glioma. She had lateral orbitotomy and a cystic mass was dissected and excised. Systemic steroids and antibiotics were administered...
May 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Amol Raheja, Aleksandra Sowder, Cheryl Palmer, Fausto J Rodriguez, William T Couldwell
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) have recently been associated with primary and secondary immunodeficiencies. They are broadly divided into 3 subgroups: HIV-related, posttransplant, and congenital immunodeficiency. Subsequent to organ transplantation and acquired immunosuppression, a few cases of EBV-associated SMTs have been described in the liver, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal system. To the authors' knowledge, intracranial involvement after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation has never been reported previously...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Amol Raheja, Hussam Abou Al-Shaar, Bhupendra C Patel, William T Couldwell
Pneumosinus dilatans (PSD) involves paranasal sinus enlargement without radiologic evidence of localized bone destruction, hyperostosis, or mucous membrane thickening. We discuss the surgical implications of PSD-associated proptosis in patients with anterior skull-base meningioma. A 20-year-old man with proptosis, hypoglobus, and lateral globe displacement had WHO grade I anterior skull-base and orbital meningiomas. Aggressive resection using anterior/medial orbitotomy and an anterior interhemispheric skull-base approach achieved Simpson grade I resection...
August 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Yun Wen, Jianhua Yan
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Primary tumors of orbital bone are very rare, often appearing only as case reports in the literature. The purpose of this study was to describe some cases of bony tumors originating from the orbit along with their clinical manifestations and surgical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective clinical, operative, and pathological review was performed on patients with primary orbital bone tumors, who were treated at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, of Sun Yat-sen University, China between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2012...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
I Dallan, P Castelnuovo, M Turri-Zanoni, G Fiacchini, D Locatelli, P Battaglia, S Sellari-Franceschini
BACKGROUND: The management of intraorbital lesions is challenging and it is strongly dependent to their nature, position and biological behaviour. Traditionally, the superior and lateral compartments of the orbit are addressed via lateral orbitotomy or transcranial approaches. Herein we present our preliminary experience in the management of selected supero-lateral intraorbital lesion through an endoscopic-assisted superior-eyelid approach. METHODOLOGY: All cases of intraorbital lesion treated in two Italian tertiary care referral centres using a superior eyelid endoscopic-assisted transorbital approach were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Rhinology
Thomas L Jenkins, Cindy X Zheng, Ann P Murchison, Jurij R Bilyk
Orbital extension of subgaleal hematoma is rare. This report describes the case of an otherwise healthy 10-year-old girl who developed delayed contralateral proptosis and external ophthalmoplegia after relatively minor right-sided forehead trauma. She was found to have bilateral subgaleal hematomas communicating with a left superior subperiostial orbital hematoma. Over the course of 2 days, she developed an orbital compartment syndrome requiring emergent canthotomy and cantholysis, followed by surgical incision and drainage of her scalp hematoma without orbitotomy...
April 4, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Pradeep Mettu, Megan Griffith, Sophia Yohe, Andrew R Harrison
A 40-year-old Caucasian woman presented to her general ophthalmologist for swelling of the left upper eyelid that began approximately 6 months before. CT scan of the orbits with and without contrast demonstrated homogenous enhancement of the left lacrimal gland. Examination was notable for left hypoglobus and proptosis. The patient underwent left lateral orbitotomy with biopsy of the mass and frozen section analysis showed lymphoid infiltrates. Subsequent histopathologic diagnosis was consistent with nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma, a rare subtype of Hodgkin lymphoma that has only once been previously reported in the orbit...
March 24, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Daniela Grasso, Carmela Borreggine, Saverio Ladogana, Raffaela De Santis, Nicola Delle Noci, Gianpaolo Grilli, Luca Macarini
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is found predominantly in children, with the highest incidence occurring in Africa. The sporadic form occurs in non-endemic areas and typically involves the ileo-caecum and the bowel, whereas orbital and paranasal sinus involvement is rare. Here, we present an unusual case of sporadic BL in a Caucasian male child with rapidly progressive painful proptosis of the right eye. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an oval-shaped, extraconal mass in the supero-lateral part of the right orbit that deformed and dislocated the eyeball antero-inferiorly...
June 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Ema Avdagic, Nicholas Farber, Nora Katabi, Roman Shinder
A 53-year-old woman presented with a 1-month history of decreased vision and progressive left periorbital fullness. Exam and radiography confirmed a left lacrimal gland mass causing mass effect on the globe and a compressive optic neuropathy. Orbitotomy with excisional biopsy confirmed carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma with epithelial and myoepithelial differentiation. Following a negative systemic workup, the patient underwent radiation therapy and remains free of clinical or radiographic disease 24 months following surgery...
March 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Md Shahid Alam, Nirmala Subramanian, Kirthi Koka, Krishnakumar Subramanian
A 44-year-old male patient presented with painless progressive proptosis of left eye for the last 20 years. Examination revealed a purplish vascular mass extending from the medial orbital region to the surface of the globe. He underwent complete excision of the mass via an anterior orbitotomy approach. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed a diagnosis of angioleiomyoma. No recurrence was noted at 1 year of follow-up. Angioleiomyomas are benign smooth muscle tumors with an additional vascular component...
2016: Orbit
Daniel M Dorbandt, Stephen K Joslyn, Ralph E Hamor
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and utility of three-dimensional (3D) printing for orbital and peri-orbital masses and discuss other potential applications for 3D printing. ANIMALS STUDIED: Three dogs with a chronic history of nonpainful exophthalmos. PROCEDURES: Computed tomography (CT) and subsequent 3D printing of the head was performed on each case. CT confirmed a confined mass, and an ultrasound-guided biopsy was obtained in each circumstance...
January 22, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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