keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

causes of prematurity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774305/multi-slice-mri-reveals-heterogeneity-in-disease-distribution-along-the-length-of-muscle-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#1
Stephen M Chrzanowski, Celine Baligand, Rebecca J Willcocks, Jasjit Deol, Ilona Schmalfuss, Donovan J Lott, Michael J Daniels, Claudia Senesac, Glenn A Walter, Krista Vandenborne
Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) causes progressive pathologic changes to muscle secondary to a cascade of inflammation, lipid deposition, and fibrosis. Clinically, this manifests as progressive weakness, functional loss, and premature mortality. Though insult to whole muscle groups is well established, less is known about the relationship between intramuscular pathology and function. Objective: Differences of intramuscular heterogeneity across muscle length were assessed using an ordinal MRI grading scale in lower leg muscles of boys with DMD and correlated to patient's functional status...
September 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774304/arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-in-boxer-dogs-the-diagnosis-as-a-link-to-the-human-disease
#2
Annina S Vischer, David J Connolly, Caroline J Coats, Virginia Luis Fuentes, William J McKenna, Silvia Castelletti, Antonios A Pantazis
Background: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a myocardial disease with an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias. The condition, which occurs in Boxer dogs, shares phenotypic features with the human disease arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) suggesting its potential as a natural animal model. However, there are currently no universally accepted clinical criteria to diagnose ARVC in Boxer dogs. We aimed to identify diagnostic criteria for ARVC in Boxer dogs defining a more uniform and consistent phenotype...
September 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773963/why-local-air-pollution-is-more-than-daily-peaks-modelling-policies-in-a-city-in-order-to-avoid-premature-deaths
#3
Doris A Behrens, Olivia Koland, Ulrike Leopold-Wildburger
We use a predator-prey representation of an urban system to analyse how policy interventions can prevent the adverse effects of air pollution on people's health. The number of residents is treated as prey variable, and particulate matter that consists of particles with a diameter of up to 10 micrometres ( PM10 ) as predator variable. This representation allows integration of population trends and the effects of environmental interventions on the average level of PM10 concentration (which establishes a baseline for the potential health burden for residents)...
2018: Central European Journal of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771836/palatal-wiring-renewing-an-old-technique-circumpalatal-wiring
#4
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Circumpalatal wiring has 2 negative points. The first is premature loosening of the wire and the second is tongue irritation caused by exposed wire in roof of the mouth. In this article, a modified technique (palatal wiring) is introduced in which these 2 problems are targeted. In this technique, a small bur hole is created into the hard palate, without the need for flap reflection and wire is passed through it, grasps in the nose, and returns to the oral cavity via sublabial puncture point then 2 ends are twisted in labial vestibule...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771326/basal-exon-skipping-and-nonsense-associated-altered-splicing-allows-bypassing-complete-cep290-loss-of-function-in-individuals-with-unusually-mild-retinal-disease
#5
Iris Barny, Isabelle Perrault, Christel Michel, Mickael Soussan, Nicolas Goudin, Marlène Rio, Sophie Thomas, Tania Attié-Bitach, Christian Hamel, Hélène Dollfus, Josseline Kaplan, Jean-Michel Rozet, Xavier Gerard
CEP290 mutations cause a spectrum of ciliopathies from Leber congenital amaurosis type 10 (LCA10) to embryo-lethal Meckel syndrome (MKS). Using panel-based molecular diagnosis testing for inherited retinal diseases, we identified two individuals with some preserved vision despite biallelism for presumably truncating CEP290 mutations. The first one carried a homozygous 1 base-pair deletion in exon 17, introducing a premature termination codon (PTC) in exon 18 (c.1666del; p.Ile556Phefs*17). mRNA analysis revealed a basal exon skipping (BES) of exon 18, providing mutant cells with the ability to escape protein truncation, while disrupting the reading frame in controls...
May 16, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770151/research-on-establishment-of-abnormal-phlegmatic-syndrome-with-premature-ovarian-failure-rat-model-and-effects-of-balgham-munziq-treatment
#6
Muladili Yuemaier, Mayire Tuerhong, Abulizi Keremu, Nafeisha Kadeer, Ayiguzhali Aimaiti, Xilinguli Wushouer, Adilijiang Yiming, Xiamixinuer Yilike
This study aimed to establish and explore the biological basis of abnormal phlegmatic syndrome with premature ovarian failure (POF) model in rats based on the Uighur medicine (UM) in the first place and investigate the effects of unique herbal medicine, Balgham Munziq (BMq). Mature female Wistar rats were fed with spinach and coriander in cold and humid condition for approximately 20 weeks until abnormal phlegmatic syndrome (APS) model was established. When APS model was confirmed by Uighur medical experts, APS with POF disease rats were subdivided into APS with POF disease model group and APS with POF disease treated with BMq group; the rest of them were subdivided into APS model group and APS treated with BMq group...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769056/report-on-an-international-workshop-on-kangaroo-mother-care-lessons-learned-and-a-vision-for-the-future
#7
Adriano Cattaneo, Adidja Amani, Nathalie Charpak, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Sarah Moxon, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Giorgio Tamburlini, Julieta Villegas, Anne-Marie Bergh
BACKGROUND: Globally, complications of prematurity are the leading cause of death in children under five. Preterm infants who survive their first month of life are at greater risk for various diseases and impairments in infancy, childhood and later life, representing a heavy social and economic burden for families, communities and health and social systems. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is recommended as a beneficial and effective intervention for improving short- and long-term preterm birth outcomes in low- and high-income settings...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768584/mortality-from-type-2-diabetes-and-implementation-of-the-prevenimss-program-a-time-series-study-in-mexico-1998-2015
#8
Oswaldo Sinoe Medina-Gómez, Ismael Seth Medina-Reyes
Type 2 diabetes is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. In Mexico it is the first cause of mortality, disability, and potential years of life lost due to premature death. The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) implemented the PREVENIMSS strategy. The aim of the current study was to estimate the program's effect on the mortality trend from type 2 diabetes, based on an interrupted time series analysis. At the beginning of the target period, the diabetes mortality rate was higher in IMSS beneficiaries than in the control population...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767906/use-of-crack-in-pregnancy-repercussions-for-the-newborn
#9
Daiani Modernel Xavier, Giovana Calcagno Gomes, Juliane Portella Ribeiro, Marina Soares Mota, Simone Quadros Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To know the effects for the newborn of the use of crack in pregnancy. METHODS: This is a qualitative study conducted in a university hospital in southern Brazil, in the first half of 2014. Fifteen mothers crack users and five grandparents participated. The data were produced through semi-structured interviews and later submitted to content analysis. RESULTS: It was found that the use of crack in pregnancy leads to repercussions related to the health of the newborn and repercussions related to family restructuring...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767630/characterization-of-cardiorespiratory-phase-synchronization-and-directionality-in-late-premature-and-full-term-infants
#10
Maristella Lucchini, Nicolo Pini, William P Fifer, Nina Burtchen, Maria G Signorini
OBJECTIVE: Though the mutual influence of cardiovascular and respiratory rhythms in healthy newborns has been documented, its full characterization is still pending. In general, activity of many physiological subsystems has a well expressed rhythmic character, and often an interdependency between physiological rhythms emerges early in development. Traditional methods of data analysis only address the quantification of the strength of subsystem interactions. In this work, we will investigate system interrelationships in terms of possible presence of causal or directional interplays...
May 16, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766672/ribcage-deformity-and-the-altered-breathing-pattern-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#11
Antonella LoMauro, Paolo Fraschini, Simona Pochintesta, Marianna Romei, Maria G D'Angelo, Andrea Aliverti
AIM: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disease characterized by bones fragility and progressive deformity. Life expectancy is reduced in the non-lethal most severe type III form before the age of 10 years. The main cause of death in OI is respiratory insufficiency resulting from impaired thoracic function worsened by ribcage deformity and scoliosis. METHODS: We used opto-electronic plethysmography to study chest geometry, the ventilatory, and the thoraco-abdominal pattern at rest in supine position in children younger than 10 years...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765942/malpractice-litigation-in-ocular-oncology
#12
Stephanie B Engelhard, Mary E Aronow, Christopher T Shah, Austin J Sim, Ashvini K Reddy
Aims: The aim of this study was to report and analyze the causes and outcomes of ocular oncology malpractice litigation. Methods: The WestLaw® database was reviewed for all litigation related to ophthalmology in the United States from 1930 to 2014. All ocular oncology cases were included in this analysis and compared to other ophthalmic subspecialties. Results: Sixteen ocular oncology malpractice cases were included in this study. Overall, 56...
April 2018: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765787/liver-failure-and-conjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-a-preterm-neonate-role-of-early-ivig-and-exchange-transfusion
#13
Jayasree Nair, Vasantha H S Kumar
Neonatal liver failure (NLF) is a rare diagnosis but carries with it significant risks of mortality and morbidity. Common etiologies for NLF include metabolic causes, gestational alloimmune liver disease (GALD or neonatal hemochromatosis), and viral infections. We report a case of liver failure in a premature infant with abnormal iron profile within 48 hours of birth. Lack of accepted guidelines for the initial management of severe jaundice with a high direct component in the first week after birth made treatment challenging...
April 2018: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764576/-nipbl-gene-mutations-in-two-children-with-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome
#14
Yun-Jing Zhao, Hong-Wei Ma
Both children (one boy and one girl) experienced disease onset in infancy and visited the hospital due to growth retardation. They had unusual facies including thick hair, arched and confluent eyebrows, long and curly eyelashes, short nose, and micrognathia. Patient 1 had congenital heart disease (atrial septal defect and pulmonary stenosis) and special dermatoglyph (a single palmar crease). Patient 2 had cleft palate and moderate-to-severe deafness. Clinical features suggested Cornelia de Lange syndrome in both children...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764452/risk-factors-for-korean-women-to-develop-an-isthmocele-after-a-cesarean-section
#15
I Y Park, M R Kim, H N Lee, Y Gen, M J Kim
BACKGROUND: The increase in number of cesarean section (CS) operations has resulted in an increase in cases of isthmocele development. The objective of this study is to determine the risk factors for isthmocele development after CS. METHODS: Isthmocele measurements were taken for 404 women with a history of at least one low transverse CS. The following potential risk factors were investigated: patient's age at CS, cause of CS, weeks of gestation at CS, premature rupture of membrane (PROM), phase of labor, type suture (single/double layer), operation time, uterine flexion (anteversion/retroversion), and blood transfusion during operation...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764417/upf1-silenced-cellular-model-systems-for-screening-of-read-through-agents-active-on-%C3%AE-0-39-thalassemia-point-mutation
#16
Francesca Salvatori, Mariangela Pappadà, Giulia Breveglieri, Elisabetta D'Aversa, Alessia Finotti, Ilaria Lampronti, Roberto Gambari, Monica Borgatti
BACKGROUND: Nonsense mutations promote premature translational termination, introducing stop codons within the coding region of mRNAs and causing inherited diseases, including thalassemia. For instance, in β0 39 thalassemia the CAG (glutamine) codon is mutated to the UAG stop codon, leading to premature translation termination and to mRNA destabilization through the well described NMD (nonsense-mediated mRNA decay). In order to develop an approach facilitating translation and, therefore, protection from NMD, ribosomal read-through molecules, such as aminoglycoside antibiotics, have been tested on mRNAs carrying premature stop codons...
May 15, 2018: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764412/causes-of-death-among-street-connected-children-and-youth-in-eldoret-kenya
#17
Lonnie Embleton, David Ayuku, Dominic Makori, Allan Kamanda, Paula Braitstein
BACKGROUND: Street-connected young people carry a disproportionate burden of morbidities, and engage in a variety of practices that may heighten their risk of premature mortality, yet there are currently no reports in the literature on the rates or risk factors for mortality among them, nor on their causes of death. In low- and middle-income countries they are frequently in situations that violate their human rights, likely contributing to their increased burden of morbidities and vulnerability to mortality...
May 15, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762858/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-profile-a-comparative-analysis-between-cuore-algorithm-and-the-framingham-risk-scores
#18
G La Torre, V Palmeri, L Pagano, G Nati, S Sernia, A Mannocci
OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart diseases (CHD) are the leading cause of premature death and loss of disability adjusted life years in Europe. In order to implement appropriate health interventions as preventive tools, it is necessary to understand the epidemiological stratification of cardiovascular risk and the specific situation of each individual reality. This study investigates the reliability of two algorithms used to assess cardiovascular risk: the Framingham algorithm and the CUORE algorithm...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762148/menopausal-hormone-therapy-in-gynecologic-cancer-survivors-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-practice-recommendations
#19
Ekta Kapoor, Daniel Benrubi, Stephanie S Faubion
Gynecologic cancers are common in the United States and represent a significant health burden. Treatment of these cancers often causes premature cessation of ovarian function, with resultant symptoms that are often more severe than those associated with natural menopause. Hormone therapy is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, but the decision-making process about its use can be complex for survivors of gynecologic cancer. In this review, we provide evidence-based recommendations about the use of hormone therapy after gynecologic cancer...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761290/isolation-and-functional-characterization-of-a-floral-repressor-bcflc2-from-pak-choi-brassica-rapa-ssp-chinensis
#20
Feiyi Huang, Tongkun Liu, Jin Wang, Xilin Hou
BcFLC2 functioned as a repressor of flowering by directly regulating BcTEM1, BcMAF2, BcSOC1 and BcSPL15 in Pak-choi. FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) plays an important role in regulating flowering time. Here, we functionally described an FLC homologous gene, BcFLC2, that negatively regulated flowering in Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis). The sequence comparison to Arabidopsis FLC showed that BcFLC2 also had a MADS-box domain at the N terminus. BcFLC2 was highly expressed in the leaves, roots, stems and stamens, and its expression was repressed by vernalization in Pak-choi...
May 14, 2018: Planta
keyword
keyword
9276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"