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"topological phase"

Sheng-Shi Li, Wei-Xiao Ji, Shu-Jun Hu, Chang-Wen Zhang, Shi-Shen Yan
Knowledge about chemical functionalization is of fundamental importance to design novel two-dimensional topological insulators. Despite theoretical predictions of quantum spin Hall effect (QSH) insulator via chemical functionalization, it is quite challenging to obtain a high-quality sample, in which the toxicity is also an important factor that cannot be ignored. Herein, using first-principles calculations, we predict an intrinsic QSH effect in amidogen-functionalized Bi/Sb(111) films (SbNH2 and BiNH2), characterized by nontrivial Z2 invariant and helical edge states...
November 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jan-Philipp Hanke, Frank Freimuth, Chengwang Niu, Stefan Blügel, Yuriy Mokrousov
Reliable and energy-efficient magnetization switching by electrically induced spin-orbit torques is of crucial technological relevance for spintronic devices implementing memory and logic functionality. Here we predict that the strength of spin-orbit torques and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in topologically nontrivial magnetic insulators can exceed by far that of conventional metals. In analogy to the quantum anomalous Hall effect, we explain this extraordinary response in the absence of longitudinal currents as hallmark of monopoles in the electronic structure of systems that are interpreted most naturally within the framework of mixed Weyl semimetals...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
Ming Yang, Yong Zheng Luo, Ming Gang Zeng, Lei Shen, Yun Hao Lu, Jun Zhou, Shi Jie Wang, Iam Keong Sou, Yuan Ping Feng
A large bulk band gap and tunable Dirac carriers are desired for practical device applications of topological insulators. However, most known topological insulators are narrow gap materials and the manipulation of their Dirac surface states is limited by residual bulk charge carriers originating from intrinsic defects. In this study, via density functional theory based first-principles calculations, we predict that a layered hexagonal structure of Bi2S3 is stable, and it becomes a topological insulator under a moderate compressive pressure of about 5...
November 8, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
D N Basov, R D Averitt, D Hsieh
The past decade has witnessed an explosion in the field of quantum materials, headlined by the predictions and discoveries of novel Landau-symmetry-broken phases in correlated electron systems, topological phases in systems with strong spin-orbit coupling, and ultra-manipulable materials platforms based on two-dimensional van der Waals crystals. Discovering pathways to experimentally realize quantum phases of matter and exert control over their properties is a central goal of modern condensed-matter physics, which holds promise for a new generation of electronic/photonic devices with currently inaccessible and likely unimaginable functionalities...
October 25, 2017: Nature Materials
Jun Yong Khoo, Alberto F Morpurgo, Leonid Levitov
Spin-orbit interaction (SOI) that is gate-tunable over a broad range is essential to exploiting novel spin phenomena. Achieving this regime has remained elusive because of the weakness of the underlying relativistic coupling and lack of its tunability in solids. Here we outline a general strategy that enables exceptionally high tunability of SOI through creating a which-layer spin-orbit field inhomogeneity in graphene multilayers. An external transverse electric field is applied to shift carriers between the layers with strong and weak SOI...
October 23, 2017: Nano Letters
W J M Kort-Kamp
The recent synthesis of two-dimensional staggered materials opens up burgeoning opportunities to study optical spin-orbit interactions in semiconducting Dirac-like systems. We unveil topological phase transitions in the photonic spin Hall effect in the graphene family materials. It is shown that an external static electric field and a high frequency circularly polarized laser allow for active on-demand manipulation of electromagnetic beam shifts. The spin Hall effect of light presents a rich dependence with radiation degrees of freedom, and material properties, and features nontrivial topological properties...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Yonathan Efroni, Shahal Ilani, Erez Berg
We show that carbon nanotubes (CNT) can be driven through a topological phase transition using either strain or a magnetic field. This can naturally lead to Jackiw-Rebbi soliton states carrying fractionalized charges, similar to those found in a domain wall in the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model, in a setup with a spatially inhomogeneous strain and an axial field. Two types of fractionalized states can be formed at the interface between regions with different strain: a spin-charge separated state with integer charge and spin zero (or zero charge and spin ±ℏ/2), and a state with charge ±e/2 and spin ±ℏ/4...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Xiao-Shan Ye, Yong-Jun Liu, Xiu Yun Zhang, Guoqing Wu
We explore the topological phase, which involves Majorana type topological zero mode fermions (MTZFs) at the edge, using d-wave superfluid with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) interactions. The self-Hermitian of this MTZF([Formula: see text]) is similar to that of the Majorana fermions (MFs) ([Formula: see text]). We show that, to realize a single MTZF at each edge in superfluid with d-wave pairing in a Majorana type Kramers Doublet (MTKD) state, it is important to lift both the spin and the Dirac Cones degeneracies...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Partha S Mandal, Gunther Springholz, Valentine V Volobuev, Ondrej Caha, Andrei Varykhalov, Evangelos Golias, Günther Bauer, Oliver Rader, Jaime Sánchez-Barriga
Topological insulators constitute a new phase of matter protected by symmetries. Time-reversal symmetry protects strong topological insulators of the Z2 class, which possess an odd number of metallic surface states with dispersion of a Dirac cone. Topological crystalline insulators are merely protected by individual crystal symmetries and exist for an even number of Dirac cones. Here, we demonstrate that Bi-doping of Pb1-x Sn x Se (111) epilayers induces a quantum phase transition from a topological crystalline insulator to a Z2 topological insulator...
October 17, 2017: Nature Communications
Marcos Pérez, Gerardo Martinez
We present universal features of the topological invariant for {\it p}-wave superconducting wires after the inclusion of spatial inhomogeneities. Three classes of distributed potentials are studied, a single-defect, a commensurate and an incommensurate model, using periodic site modulations. An analytic polynomial description is achieved by splitting the topological invariant into two parts, one part depends on the chemical potential and the other does not. For the homogeneous case, an elliptical region is found where the topological invariant oscillates...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
J G Guo, X Chen, X Y Jia, Q H Zhang, N Liu, H C Lei, S Y Li, L Gu, S F Jin, X L Chen
The emergent phenomena such as superconductivity and topological phase transitions can be observed in strict two-dimensional (2D) crystalline matters. Artificial interfaces and one atomic thickness layers are typical 2D materials of this kind. Although having 2D characters, most bulky layered compounds, however, do not possess these striking properties. Here, we report quasi-2D superconductivity in bulky AuTe2Se4/3, where the reduction in dimensionality is achieved through inducing the elongated covalent Te-Te bonds...
October 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Timothy H Hsieh, Yuan-Ming Lu, Andreas W W Ludwig
Topologically ordered phases of matter can host fractionalized excitations known as "anyons," which obey neither Bose nor Fermi statistics. Despite forming the basis for topological quantum computation, experimental access to these exotic phases has been very limited. We present a new route toward realizing fractionalized topological phases by literally building on unfractionalized phases, which are much more easily realized experimentally. Our approach involves a Kondo lattice model in which a gapped electronic system of noninteracting fermions is coupled to local moments via the exchange interaction...
October 2017: Science Advances
Tali Pinsky
We present a new paradigm for three-dimensional chaos, and specifically for the Lorenz equations. The main difficulty in these equations and for a generic flow in dimension 3 is the existence of singularities. We show how to use knot theory as a way to remove the singularities. Specifically, we claim: (i) for certain parameters, the Lorenz system has an invariant one-dimensional curve, which is a trefoil knot. The knot is a union of invariant manifolds of the singular points. (ii) The flow is topologically equivalent to an Anosov flow on the complement of this curve, and moreover to a geodesic flow...
September 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Atanu Rajak, Tanay Nag
We investigate the dynamics of a one-dimensional p-wave superconductor with next-nearest-neighbor hopping and superconducting interaction derived from a three-spin interacting Ising model in transverse field by mapping to Majorana fermions. The next-nearest-neighbor hopping term leads to a new topological phase containing two zero-energy Majorana modes at each end of an open chain, compared to a nearest-neighbor p-wave superconducting chain. We study the Majorana survival probability (MSP) of a particular Majorana edge state when the initial Hamiltonian (H_{i}) is changed to the quantum critical as well as off-critical final Hamiltonian (H_{f}), which additionally contains an impurity term (H_{imp}) that breaks the time-reversal invariance...
August 2017: Physical Review. E
M G Vergniory, L Elcoro, Zhijun Wang, Jennifer Cano, C Felser, M I Aroyo, B Andrei Bernevig, Barry Bradlyn
Topological phases of noninteracting particles are distinguished by the global properties of their band structure and eigenfunctions in momentum space. On the other hand, group theory as conventionally applied to solid-state physics focuses only on properties that are local (at high-symmetry points, lines, and planes) in the Brillouin zone. To bridge this gap, we have previously [Bradlyn et al., Nature (London) 547, 298 (2017)NATUAS0028-083610.1038/nature23268] mapped the problem of constructing global band structures out of local data to a graph construction problem...
August 2017: Physical Review. E
Ting Cao, Fangzhou Zhao, Steven G Louie
We show that semiconducting graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) of different width, edge, and end termination (synthesizable from molecular precursors with atomic precision) belong to different electronic topological classes. The topological phase of GNRs is protected by spatial symmetries and dictated by the terminating unit cell. We have derived explicit formulas for their topological invariants and shown that localized junction states developed between two GNRs of distinct topology may be tuned by lateral junction geometry...
August 18, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Laurens Vanderstraeten, Michaël Mariën, Jutho Haegeman, Norbert Schuch, Julien Vidal, Frank Verstraete
We demonstrate that perturbative expansions for quantum many-body systems can be rephrased in terms of tensor networks, thereby providing a natural framework for interpolating perturbative expansions across a quantum phase transition. This approach leads to classes of tensor-network states parametrized by few parameters with a clear physical meaning, while still providing excellent variational energies. We also demonstrate how to construct perturbative expansions of the entanglement Hamiltonian, whose eigenvalues form the entanglement spectrum, and how the tensor-network approach gives rise to order parameters for topological phase transitions...
August 18, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Yuji Tachikawa, Kazuya Yonekura
We prove an explicit formula conjectured recently by Wang and Levin for the anomaly of time-reversal symmetry in (2+1)-dimensional fermionic topological quantum field theories. The crucial step is to determine the cross-cap state in terms of the modular S matrix and T^{2} eigenvalues, generalizing the recent analysis by Barkeshli et al. in the bosonic case.
September 15, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Zi-Xiang Li, Yi-Fan Jiang, Hong Yao
Proposed as a fundamental symmetry describing our Universe, spacetime supersymmetry (SUSY) has not been discovered yet in nature. Nonetheless, it has been predicted that SUSY may emerge in low-energy physics of quantum materials such as topological superconductors and Weyl semimetals. Here, by performing state-of-the-art sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo simulations of an interacting two-dimensional topological superconductor, we show convincing evidence that the N=1 SUSY emerges at its edge quantum critical point (EQCP) while its bulk remains gapped and topologically nontrivial...
September 8, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Simin Nie, Gang Xu, Fritz B Prinz, Shou-Cheng Zhang
Recognized as elementary particles in the standard model, Weyl fermions in condensed matter have received growing attention. However, most of the previously reported Weyl semimetals exhibit rather complicated electronic structures that, in turn, may have raised questions regarding the underlying physics. Here, we report promising topological phases that can be realized in specific honeycomb lattices, including ideal Weyl semimetal structures, 3D strong topological insulators, and nodal-line semimetal configurations...
October 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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