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"topological phase"

Shuichi Murakami, Motoaki Hirayama, Ryo Okugawa, Takashi Miyake
A band gap for electronic states in crystals governs various properties of solids, such as transport, optical, and magnetic properties. Its estimation and control have been an important issue in solid-state physics. The band gap can be controlled externally by various parameters, such as pressure, atomic compositions, and external field. Sometimes, the gap even collapses by tuning some parameter. In the field of topological insulators, this closing of the gap at a time-reversal invariant momentum indicates a band inversion, that is, it leads to a topological phase transition from a normal insulator to a topological insulator...
May 2017: Science Advances
Fernando Iemini, Christophe Mora, Leonardo Mazza
Parafermions are emergent excitations that generalize Majorana fermions and can also realize topological order. In this Letter, we present a nontrivial and quasi-exactly-solvable model for a chain of parafermions in a topological phase. We compute and characterize the ground-state wave functions, which are matrix-product states and have a particularly elegant interpretation in terms of Fock parafermions, reflecting the factorized nature of the ground states. Using these wave functions, we demonstrate analytically several signatures of topological order...
April 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
D R Gulevich, D Yudin, D V Skryabin, I V Iorsh, I A Shelykh
Matter in nontrivial topological phase possesses unique properties, such as support of unidirectional edge modes on its interface. It is the existence of such modes which is responsible for the wonderful properties of a topological insulator - material which is insulating in the bulk but conducting on its surface, along with many of its recently proposed photonic and polaritonic analogues. We show that exciton-polariton fluid in a nontrivial topological phase in kagome lattice, supports nonlinear excitations in the form of solitons built up from wavepackets of topological edge modes - topological edge solitons...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Junyeong Ahn, Bohm-Jung Yang
We study a topological phase transition between a normal insulator and a quantum spin Hall insulator in two-dimensional (2D) systems with time-reversal and twofold rotation symmetries. Contrary to the case of ordinary time-reversal invariant systems, where a direct transition between two insulators is generally predicted, we find that the topological phase transition in systems with an additional twofold rotation symmetry is mediated by an emergent stable 2D Weyl semimetal phase between two insulators. Here the central role is played by the so-called space-time inversion symmetry, the combination of time-reversal and twofold rotation symmetries, which guarantees the quantization of the Berry phase around a 2D Weyl point even in the presence of strong spin-orbit coupling...
April 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Fangzhao Alex An, Eric J Meier, Bryce Gadway
The prospect of studying topological matter with the precision and control of atomic physics has driven the development of many techniques for engineering artificial magnetic fields and spin-orbit interactions. Recently, the idea of introducing nontrivial topology through the use of internal (or external) atomic states as effective "synthetic dimensions" has garnered attraction for its versatility and possible immunity from heating. We engineer tunable gauge fields through the local control of tunneling phases in an effective two-dimensional manifold of discrete atomic momentum states...
April 2017: Science Advances
Cai-Zhi Xu, Yang-Hao Chan, Yige Chen, Peng Chen, Xiaoxiong Wang, Catherine Dejoie, Man-Hong Wong, Joseph Andrew Hlevyack, Hyejin Ryu, Hae-Young Kee, Nobumichi Tamura, Mei-Yin Chou, Zahid Hussain, Sung-Kwan Mo, Tai-Chang Chiang
Three-dimensional (3D) topological Dirac semimetals (TDSs) are rare but important as a versatile platform for exploring exotic electronic properties and topological phase transitions. A quintessential feature of TDSs is 3D Dirac fermions associated with bulk electronic states near the Fermi level. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we have observed such bulk Dirac cones in epitaxially grown α-Sn films on InSb(111), the first such TDS system realized in an elemental form. First-principles calculations confirm that epitaxial strain is key to the formation of the TDS phase...
April 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Markus Eschbach, Martin Lanius, Chengwang Niu, Ewa Młyńczak, Pika Gospodarič, Jens Kellner, Peter Schüffelgen, Mathias Gehlmann, Sven Döring, Elmar Neumann, Martina Luysberg, Gregor Mussler, Lukasz Plucinski, Markus Morgenstern, Detlev Grützmacher, Gustav Bihlmayer, Stefan Blügel, Claus M Schneider
New three-dimensional (3D) topological phases can emerge in superlattices containing constituents of known two-dimensional topologies. Here we demonstrate that stoichiometric Bi1Te1, which is a natural superlattice of alternating two Bi2Te3 quintuple layers and one Bi bilayer, is a dual 3D topological insulator where a weak topological insulator phase and topological crystalline insulator phase appear simultaneously. By density functional theory, we find indices (0;001) and a non-zero mirror Chern number. We have synthesized Bi1Te1 by molecular beam epitaxy and found evidence for its topological crystalline and weak topological character by spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy...
April 21, 2017: Nature Communications
Liangzhi Kou, Yandong Ma, Ziqi Sun, Thomas Heine, Changfeng Chen
Two-dimensional topological insulators (2D TIs) are a remarkable class of atomically thin layered materials that exhibit unique symmetry-protected helical metallic edge states with an insulating interior. Recent years have seen a tremendous surge in research of this intriguing new state of quantum matter. In this Perspective, we summarize major milestones and the most significant progress in the latest developments of material discovery and property characterization in 2D TI research. We categorize the large number and rich variety of theoretically proposed 2D TIs based on the distinct mechanisms of topological phase transitions, and we systematically analyze and compare their structural, chemical, and physical characteristics...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Narayan Mohanta, Arno P Kampf, Thilo Kopp
The quantum anomalous Hall effect has been theoretically predicted and experimentally verified in magnetic topological insulators. In addition, the surface states of these materials exhibit a hedgehoglike "spin" texture in momentum space. Here, we apply the previously formulated low-energy model for Bi2Se3, a parent compound for magnetic topological insulators, to a slab geometry in which an exchange field acts only within one of the surface layers. In this sample set up, the hedgehog transforms into a skyrmion texture beyond a critical exchange field...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ilya Belopolski, Su-Yang Xu, Nikesh Koirala, Chang Liu, Guang Bian, Vladimir N Strocov, Guoqing Chang, Madhab Neupane, Nasser Alidoust, Daniel Sanchez, Hao Zheng, Matthew Brahlek, Victor Rogalev, Timur Kim, Nicholas C Plumb, Chaoyu Chen, François Bertran, Patrick Le Fèvre, Amina Taleb-Ibrahimi, Maria-Carmen Asensio, Ming Shi, Hsin Lin, Moritz Hoesch, Seongshik Oh, M Zahid Hasan
Engineered lattices in condensed matter physics, such as cold-atom optical lattices or photonic crystals, can have properties that are fundamentally different from those of naturally occurring electronic crystals. We report a novel type of artificial quantum matter lattice. Our lattice is a multilayer heterostructure built from alternating thin films of topological and trivial insulators. Each interface within the heterostructure hosts a set of topologically protected interface states, and by making the layers sufficiently thin, we demonstrate for the first time a hybridization of interface states across layers...
March 2017: Science Advances
Zongjian Fan, Qi-Feng Liang, Y B Chen, Shu-Hua Yao, Jian Zhou
ZrTe5 and HfTe5 have attracted increasingly attention recently since the theoretical prediction of being topological insulators (TIs). However, subsequent works show many contradictions about their topolog-ical nature. Three possible phases, i.e. strong TI, weak TI, and Dirac semi-metal, have been observed in different experiments until now. Essentially whether ZrTe5 or HfTe5 has a band gap or not is still a question. Here, we present detailed first-principles calculations on the electronic and topological prop-erties of ZrTe5 and HfTe5 on variant volumes and clearly demonstrate the topological phase transition from a strong TI, going through an intermediate Dirac semi-metal state, then to a weak TI when the crystal expands...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shou-Juan Zhang, Wei-Xiao Ji, Chang-Wen Zhang, Ping Li, Pei-Ji Wang
The coexistence of nontrivial topology and giant Rashba splitting, however, has rare been observed in two-dimensional (2D) films, limiting severely its potential applications at room temperature. Here, we through first-principles calculations to propose a series of inversion-asymmetric group-IV films, ABZ2 (A ≠ B = Si, Ge, Sn, Pb; Z = F, Cl, Br), whose stability are confirmed by phonon spectrum calculations. The analyses of electronic structures reveal that they are intrinsic 2D TIs with a bulk gap as large as 0...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Simon A Weidinger, Michael Knap
We study the regimes of heating in the periodically driven O(N)-model, which is a well established model for interacting quantum many-body systems. By computing the absorbed energy with a non-equilibrium Keldysh Green's function approach, we establish three dynamical regimes: at short times a single-particle dominated regime, at intermediate times a stable Floquet prethermal regime in which the system ceases to absorb, and at parametrically late times a thermalizing regime. Our simulations suggest that in the thermalizing regime the absorbed energy grows algebraically in time with an exponent that approaches the universal value of 1/2, and is thus significantly slower than linear Joule heating...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xuele Liu, G S Agarwal
Finding new phase of matter is a fundamental task in physics. Generally, various phases or states of matter (for instance solid/liquid/gas phases) have different symmetries, the phase transitions among them can be explained by Landau's symmetry breaking theory. The topological phases discovered in recent years show that different phases may have the same symmetry. The different topological phases are characterized by different integer values of the Berry phases. By studying one dimensional (1D) trimer lattices we report new phases beyond topological phases...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sławomir P Łepkowski, Witold Bardyszewski
We study theoretically the topological phase transition and the Rashba spin-orbit interaction in electrically biased InN/GaN quantum wells. We show that that for properly chosen widths of quantum wells and barriers, one can effectively tune the system through the topological phase transition applying an external electric field perpendicular to the QW plane. We find that in InN/GaN quantum wells with the inverted band structure, when the conduction band s-type level is below the heavy hole and light hole p-type levels, the spin splitting of the subbands decreases with increasing the amplitude of the electric field in the quantum wells, which reveals the anomalous Rashba effect...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Yang-Yang Lv, Xiao Li, Bin-Bin Zhang, W Y Deng, Shu-Hua Yao, Y B Chen, Jian Zhou, Shan-Tao Zhang, Ming-Hui Lu, Lei Zhang, Mingliang Tian, L Sheng, Yan-Feng Chen
The asymmetric electron dispersion in type-II Weyl semimetal theoretically hosts anisotropic transport properties. Here, we observe the significant anisotropic Adler-Bell-Jackiw (ABJ) anomaly in the Fermi-level delicately adjusted WTe_{1.98} crystals. Quantitatively, C_{W}, a coefficient representing the intensity of the ABJ anomaly along the a and b axis of WTe_{1.98} are 0.030 and 0.051  T^{-2} at 2 K, respectively. We found that the temperature-sensitive ABJ anomaly is attributed to a topological phase transition from a type-II Weyl semimetal to a trivial semimetal, which is verified by a first-principles calculation using experimentally determined lattice parameters at different temperatures...
March 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Yang-Yang Lv, Lin Cao, Xiao Li, Bin-Bin Zhang, Kang Wang, Bin Pang, Ligang Ma, Dajun Lin, Shu-Hua Yao, Jian Zhou, Y B Chen, Song-Tao Dong, Wenchao Liu, Ming-Hui Lu, Yulin Chen, Yan-Feng Chen
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) WTe2 and MoTe2 with orthorhombic Td phase, being potential candidates as type-II Weyl semimetals, are attracted much attention recently. Here we synthesized a series of miscible Mo1-xWxTe2 single crystals by bromine vapor transport method. Composition-dependent X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy, as well as composition and temperature-dependent resistivity prove that the tunable crystal structure (from hexagonal (2H), monoclinic (β) to orthorhombic (Td) phase) can be realized by increasing W content in Mo1-xWxTe2...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Luting Xu, Xin-Qi Li, Qing-Feng Sun
The Josephson supercurrent through a hybrid Majorana-quantum dot-Majorana junction is investigated. We particularly analyze the effect of spin-selective coupling between the Majorana and quantum dot states, which only emerges in the topological phase and will influence the current through bent junctions and/or in the presence of magnetic fields in the quantum dot. We find that the characteristic behavior of the supercurrent through this system is quite counterintuitive, differing remarkably from the resonant tunneling, e...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Zhiwang Zhang, Qi Wei, Ying Cheng, Ting Zhang, Dajian Wu, Xiaojun Liu
The discovery of topological acoustics has revolutionized fundamental concepts of sound propagation, giving rise to strikingly unconventional acoustic edge modes immune to scattering. Because of the spinless nature of sound, the "spinlike" degree of freedom crucial to topological states in acoustic systems is commonly realized with circulating background flow or preset coupled resonator ring waveguides, which drastically increases the engineering complexity. Here we realize the acoustic pseudospin multipolar states in a simple flow-free symmetry-broken metamaterial lattice, where the clockwise (anticlockwise) sound propagation within each metamolecule emulates pseudospin down (pseudospin up)...
February 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Long Zhang, Fa Wang
A symmetry-protected topological phase has nontrivial surface states in the presence of certain symmetries, which can either be gapless or be degenerate. In this work, we study the physical consequence of such gapless surface states at the bulk quantum phase transition (QPT) that spontaneously breaks these symmetries. The two-dimensional Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki phase on a square lattice and its QPTs to Néel ordered phases are realized with the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on a decorated square lattice. With large-scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations, we show that even though the bulk QPTs are governed by the conventional Landau phase transition theory, the gapless surface states induce unconventional universality classes of the surface critical behavior...
February 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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