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majorana fermions

Matthew Buican, Zoltan Laczko
In various dimensions, we can sometimes compute observables of interacting conformal field theories (CFTs) that are connected to free theories via the renormalization group (RG) flow by computing protected quantities in the free theories. On the other hand, in two dimensions, it is often possible to algebraically construct observables of interacting CFTs using free fields without the need to explicitly construct an underlying RG flow. In this Letter, we begin to extend this idea to higher dimensions by showing that one can compute certain observables of an infinite set of unitary strongly interacting four-dimensional N=2 superconformal field theories (SCFTs) by performing simple calculations involving sets of nonunitary free four-dimensional hypermultiplets...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Jie Liu, Tiantian Yu, Juntao Song
We study theoretically the local density of states (DOS) in a topological Josephson junction. We show that the well-known 4π Josephson effect originates from the interference effect between two Majorana fermions (MFs) that are localized at the Josephson junction. In addition, the DOS for electrons (holes) shows the 4π interference information along each parity conserved energy spectrum. The DOS displays a 2π period oscillation when two trivial states interfere with each other. This means that the DOS information may be used to distinguish the MFs from trivial localized states...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Yichen Hu, C L Kane
We introduce a model of interacting Majorana fermions that describes a superconducting phase with a topological order characterized by the Fibonacci topological field theory. Our theory, which is based on a SO(7)_{1}/(G_{2})_{1} coset factorization, leads to a solvable one-dimensional model that is extended to two dimensions using a network construction. In addition to providing a description of the Fibonacci phase without parafermions, our theory predicts a closely related "anti-Fibonacci" phase, whose topological order is characterized by the tricritical Ising model...
February 9, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Zhen-Tao Zhang
Majorana Fermion is a fascinating and yet not confirmed quasiparticle in condensed matter physics. Here we propose using microwave spectrum to distinguish Majorana bound state(MBS) with topological trivial Andreev bound state(ABS). By numerically calculating the transmission and Zeeman field dependence of many-body excitation spectrum of a 1D Josephson junction, we find that the two kinds of bound states have distinct responsibilities to the variations of the related parameters. Furthermore, the singular behaviours of the MBS spectrum could be attributed to the robust fractional Josephson coupling and nonlocality of MBS...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
K Kitagawa, T Takayama, Y Matsumoto, A Kato, R Takano, Y Kishimoto, S Bette, R Dinnebier, G Jackeli, H Takagi
The honeycomb lattice is one of the simplest lattice structures. Electrons and spins on this simple lattice, however, often form exotic phases with non-trivial excitations. Massless Dirac fermions can emerge out of itinerant electrons, as demonstrated experimentally in graphene, and a topological quantum spin liquid with exotic quasiparticles can be realized in spin-1/2 magnets, as proposed theoretically in the Kitaev model. The quantum spin liquid is a long-sought exotic state of matter, in which interacting spins remain quantum-disordered without spontaneous symmetry breaking...
February 14, 2018: Nature
Andrzej Więckowski, Maciej M Maśka, Marcin Mierzejewski
Recently, there has been substantial progress in methods of identifying local integrals of motion in interacting integrable models or in systems with many-body localization. We show that one of these approaches can be utilized for constructing local, conserved, Majorana fermions in systems with an arbitrary many-body interaction. As a test case, we first investigate a noninteracting Kitaev model and demonstrate that this approach perfectly reproduces the standard results. Then, we discuss how the many-body interactions influence the spatial structure and the lifetime of the Majorana modes...
January 26, 2018: Physical Review Letters
L S Ricco, F A Dessotti, I A Shelykh, M S Figueira, A C Seridonio
We investigate theoretically thermal and electrical conductances for the system consisting of a quantum dot (QD) connected both to a pair of Majorana fermions residing at the edges of a Kitaev wire and two metallic leads. We demonstrate that both quantities reveal pronounced resonances, whose positions can be controlled by tuning of an asymmetry of the couplings of the QD and a pair of MFs. Similar behavior is revealed for the thermopower, Wiedemann-Franz law and dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Meng Cheng
We construct microscopic Hamiltonians for symmetry-preserving topologically ordered states on the surface of topological crystalline superconductors, protected by a Z_{2} reflection symmetry. Starting from ν Majorana cones on the surface, we show that the semion-fermion topological order emerges for ν=2, and more generally, SO(ν)_{ν} topological order for all ν≥2 and Sp(n)_{n} for ν=2n when n≥2.
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Oscar Viyuela, Liang Fu, Miguel Angel Martin-Delgado
We study the phase diagram and edge states of a two-dimensional p-wave superconductor with long-range hopping and pairing amplitudes. New topological phases and quasiparticles different from the usual short-range model are obtained. When both hopping and pairing terms decay with the same exponent, one of the topological chiral phases with propagating Majorana edge states gets significantly enhanced by long-range couplings. On the other hand, when the long-range pairing amplitude decays more slowly than the hopping, we discover new topological phases where propagating Majorana fermions at each edge pair nonlocally and become gapped even in the thermodynamic limit...
January 5, 2018: Physical Review Letters
S A Jafari
Within the block spin renormalization group, we give a very simple derivation of the exact phase boundaries of the XYZ spin chain. First, we identify the Ising order along x[over ̂] or y[over ̂] as attractive renormalization group fixed points of the Kitaev chain. Then, in a global phase space composed of the anisotropy λ of the XY interaction and the coupling Δ of the Δσ^{z}σ^{z} interaction, we find that the above fixed points remain attractive in the two-dimesional parameter space. We therefore classify the gapped phases of the XYZ spin chain as: (1) either attracted to the Ising limit of the Kitaev-chain, which in turn is characterized by winding number ±1, depending on whether the Ising order parameter is along x[over ̂] or y[over ̂] directions; or (2) attracted to the charge density wave (CDW) phases of the underlying Jordan-Wigner fermions, which is characterized by zero winding number...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
Junjie Liu, Hui Xu, Baowen Li, Changqin Wu
To explore energy transfer in the nonequilibrium spin-boson model (NESB) from weak to strong system-bath coupling regimes, we propose a polaron-transformed nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) method. By combining the polaron transformation, we are able to treat the system-bath coupling nonperturbatively, thus in direct contrast to conventionally used NEGF methods which take the system-bath coupling as a perturbation. The Majorana-fermion representation is further utilized to evaluate terms in the Dyson series...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
L García-Álvarez, I L Egusquiza, L Lamata, A Del Campo, J Sonner, E Solano
We propose the digital quantum simulation of a minimal AdS/CFT model in controllable quantum platforms. We consider the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model describing interacting Majorana fermions with randomly distributed all-to-all couplings, encoding nonlocal fermionic operators onto qubits to efficiently implement their dynamics via digital techniques. Moreover, we also give a method for probing nonequilibrium dynamics and the scrambling of information. Finally, our approach serves as a protocol for reproducing a simplified low-dimensional model of quantum gravity in advanced quantum platforms as trapped ions and superconducting circuits...
July 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Joji Nasu, Junki Yoshitake, Yukitoshi Motome
In conventional insulating magnets, heat is carried by magnons and phonons. In contrast, when the magnets harbor a quantum spin liquid state, emergent quasiparticles from the fractionalization of quantum spins can carry heat. Here, we investigate unconventional thermal transport yielded by such exotic carriers, in both longitudinal and transverse components, for the Kitaev model, whose ground state is exactly shown to be a quantum spin liquid with fractional excitations described as itinerant Majorana fermions and localized Z_{2} fluxes...
September 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Jian-Jian Miao, Hui-Ke Jin, Fu-Chun Zhang, Yi Zhou
We study Kitaev model in one-dimension with open boundary condition by using exact analytic methods for non-interacting system at zero chemical potential as well as in the symmetric case of Δ = t, and by using density-matrix-renormalization-group method for interacting system with nearest neighbor repulsion interaction. We suggest and examine an edge correlation function of Majorana fermions to characterize the long range order in the topological superconducting states and study the phase diagram of the interating Kitaev chain...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Gerbold C Ménard, Sébastien Guissart, Christophe Brun, Raphaël T Leriche, Mircea Trif, François Debontridder, Dominique Demaille, Dimitri Roditchev, Pascal Simon, Tristan Cren
Just like insulators can present topological phases characterized by Dirac edge states, superconductors can exhibit topological phases characterized by Majorana edge states. In particular, one-dimensional topological superconductors are predicted to host zero-energy Majorana fermions at their extremities. By contrast, two-dimensional superconductors have a one-dimensional boundary which would naturally lead to propagating Majorana edge states characterized by a Dirac-like dispersion. In this paper we present evidences of one-dimensional dispersive in-gap edge states surrounding a two-dimensional topological superconducting domain consisting of a monolayer of Pb covering magnetic Co-Si islands grown on Si(111)...
December 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Zhi-Qiang Bao, Fan Zhang
A one-dimensional time-reversal-invariant topological superconductor hosts a Majorana Kramers pair at each end, where time-reversal symmetry acts as a supersymmetry that flips local fermion parity. We examine the transport anomaly of such a superconductor, floating and tunnel-coupled to normal leads at its two ends. We demonstrate the realization of a topologically protected, channel-symmetric, two-channel Kondo effect without fine-tuning. Whereas the nonlocal teleportation vanishes, a lead present at one end telecontrols the universal transport through the other end...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Ananda Roy, Barbara M Terhal, Fabian Hassler
The toric code based on Majorana fermions on mesoscopic superconducting islands is a promising candidate for quantum information processing. In the limit of vanishing Cooper-pair tunneling, it has been argued that the phase transition separating the topologically ordered phase of the toric code from the trivial one is in the universality class of the (2+1)D XY model. On the other hand, in the limit of infinitely large Cooper-pair tunneling, the phase transition is in the universality class of the (2+1)D Ising model...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Yuxuan Wang, Liang Fu
We study the phase transition between a trivial and a time-reversal-invariant topological superconductor in a single-band system. By analyzing the interplay of symmetry, topology, and energetics, we show that for a generic normal state band structure, the phase transition occurs via extended intermediate phases in which even- and odd-parity pairing components coexist. For inversion-symmetric systems, the coexistence phase spontaneously breaks time-reversal symmetry. For noncentrosymmetric superconductors, the low-temperature intermediate phase is time-reversal breaking, while the high-temperature phase preserves time-reversal symmetry and has topologically protected line nodes...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
YeJe Park, Jeongmin Shim, S-S B Lee, H-S Sim
When two identical fermions exchange their positions, their wave function gains a phase factor of -1. We show that this distance-independent effect can induce nonlocal entanglement in one-dimensional (1D) electron systems having Majorana fermions at the ends. It occurs in the system bulk and has a nontrivial temperature dependence. In a system having a single Majorana fermion at each end, the nonlocal entanglement has a Bell-state form at zero temperature and decays as the temperature increases, vanishing suddenly at a certain finite temperature...
November 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Shao-Kai Jian, Hong Yao
Many aspects of many-body localization (MBL) transitions remain elusive so far. Here, we propose a higher-dimensional generalization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model and show that it exhibits a MBL transition. The model on a bipartite lattice has N Majorana fermions with SYK interactions on each site of the A sublattice and M free Majorana fermions on each site of the B sublattice, where N and M are large and finite. For r≡M/N<r_{c}=1, it describes a diffusive metal exhibiting maximal chaos. Remarkably, its diffusive constant D vanishes [D∝(r_{c}-r)^{1/2}] as r→r_{c}, implying a dynamical transition to a MBL phase...
November 17, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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