keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nutrition pancreatitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049233/pediatric-types-i-and-vi-choledochal-cysts-complicated-with-acute-pancreatitis-and-spontaneous-perforation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Ching-Chung Tsai, Po-Kai Huang, Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yu-Tsun Su, Ming-Chun Yang, Ming-Lun Yeh
RATIONALE: Choledochal cysts are a congenital disorder of the common bile duct that can cause progressive biliary obstruction and biliary cirrhosis. They were classified by Todani into five types. Of these, type VI choledochal cysts are rarely reported in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-month-old girl presented with intermittent epigastralgia for approximately 10 days and fever for three days. Fasting and total parenteral nutrition were administered after admission...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043798/jozilebomines-a-and-b-naphthylisoquinoline-dimers-from-the-congolese-liana-ancistrocladus-ileboensis-with-antiausterity-activities-against-the-panc-1-human-pancreatic-cancer-cell-line
#2
Jun Li, Raina Seupel, Torsten Bruhn, Doris Feineis, Marcel Kaiser, Reto Brun, Virima Mudogo, Suresh Awale, Gerhard Bringmann
Two new naphthylisoquinoline dimers, jozilebomines A (1a) and B (1b), were isolated from the roots of the Congolese plant Ancistrocladus ileboensis, along with the known dimer jozimine A2 (2). These compounds are Dioncophyllaceae-type metabolites, i.e., lacking oxygen functions at C-6 and with an R-configuration at C-3 in their tetrahydroisoquinoline moieties. The dimers 1a and 1b consist of two 7,1'-coupled naphthylisoquinoline monomers linked through an unprecedented 3',6″-coupling in the binaphthalene core and not, as in 2, via the C-3-positions of the two naphthalene units...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032081/protein-malnutrition-after-weaning-disrupts-peripheral-clock-and-daily-insulin-secretion-in-mice
#3
Patricia Cristine Borck, Thiago Martins Batista, Jean Franciesco Vettorazzi, Rafael Ludemann Camargo, Antonio Carlos Boschero, Elaine Vieira, Everardo Magalhães Carneiro
Changes in nutritional state may alter circadian rhythms through alterations in expression of clock genes. Protein deficiency has a profound effect on body metabolism, but the effect of this nutrient restriction after weaning on biological clock has not been explored. Thus, this study aims to investigate whether the protein restriction affects the daily oscillation in the behavior and metabolic rhythms, as well as expression of clock genes in peripheral tissues. Male C57BL/6 J mice, after weaning, were fed a normal-protein (NP) diet or a low-protein (LP) diet for 8 weeks...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031861/the-benefits-of-early-oral-nutrition-in-mild-acute-pancreatitis
#4
Kate M Ellery, Soma Kumar, Wallace Crandall, Cheryl Gariepy
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early patient-directed oral nutrition in children with mild acute pancreatitis decreases the length of hospitalization without increasing complications. STUDY DESIGN: Hospitalized patients aged 2-21 years of age who met the criteria for acute pancreatitis based on the Revised Atlanta Classification were enrolled prospectively and allowed to eat by mouth at their discretion (patient-directed nutrition [PDN]). These patients were compared with a retrospective cohort of children who were allowed to eat based on traditional practices (treatment team-directed nutrition [TTDN])...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019560/pancreatoduodenectomy-brazilian-practice-patterns
#5
Orlando Jorge M Torres, Eduardo de Souza M Fernandes, Rodrigo Rodrigues Vasques, Fabio Luís Waechter, Paulo Cezar G Amaral, Marcelo Bruno de Rezende, Roland Montenegro Costa, André Luís Montagnini
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a technically challenging surgical procedure with an incidence of postoperative complications ranging from 30% to 61%. The procedure requires a high level of experience, and to minimize surgery-related complications and mortality, a high-quality standard surgery is imperative. AIM: To understand the Brazilian practice patterns for pancreatoduodenectomy. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed to obtain an overview of the surgical practice in pancreatic cancer, specific training, and experience in pancreatoduodenectomy...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018453/inulin-type-fructans-modulates-pancreatic-gut-innate-immune-responses-and-gut-barrier-integrity-during-experimental-acute-pancreatitis-in-a-chain-length-dependent-manner
#6
Yue He, Chengfei Wu, Jiahong Li, Hongli Li, Zhenghua Sun, Hao Zhang, Paul de Vos, Li-Long Pan, Jia Sun
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common abdominal inflammatory disorder and one of the leading causes of hospital admission for gastrointestinal disorders. No specific pharmacological or nutritional therapy is available but highly needed. Inulin-type fructans (ITFs) are capable of modifying gut immune and barrier homeostasis in a chemistry-dependent manner and hence potentially applicable for managing AP, but their efficacy in AP has not been demonstrated yet. The current study aimed to examine and compare modulatory effects of ITFs with different degrees of fermentability on pancreatic-gut immunity and barrier function during experimentally induced AP in mice...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991838/the-relation-between-malnutrition-and-the-exocrine-pancreas-a-systematic-review
#7
Rosalie H Bartels, Deborah A van den Brink, Robert H Bandsma, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Merit M Tabbers, Wieger P Voskuijl
OBJECTIVE: The relation between malnutrition and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) has been described previously, but it is unclear if malnutrition leads to EPI or vice versa. We systematically synthesized current evidence evaluating the association between malnutrition and EPI in children. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched from inception until February 2017. We included cohort or case- controlled studies in children reporting on prevalence or incidence of EPI and malnutrition...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985843/total-parenteral-nutrition-in-patients-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-lessons-from-1184-patients
#8
Cullen E Worsh, Talar Tatarian, Awinder Singh, Michael J Pucci, Jordan M Winter, Charles J Yeo, Harish Lavu
BACKGROUND: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) has historically been used conservatively in the management of patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Herein, we evaluate the indications for and outcomes associated with TPN use in a high-volume pancreatic surgery center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively queried our institution's pancreatic surgery database for patients who received TPN after PD from 2006 through 2015. RESULTS: Of 1184 patients who underwent PD, 232 (19...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981464/associations-of-dietary-antioxidants-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-data-from-the-2007-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Dan Yedu Quansah, Kyungho Ha, Shinyoung Jun, Seong-Ah Kim, Sangah Shin, Gyung-Ah Wie, Hyojee Joung
Antioxidants are suggested to decrease risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) by preventing progressive impairment of pancreatic β-cell and endothelial function. This study was aimed to investigate the association between dietary antioxidants and risk of T2D in Korean adults based on a national representative data. A total of 24,377 adults (19-74 years) who completed one-day 24 h dietary recall and health examination were included. Dietary antioxidant intakes including α-carotene (p < 0.0001), lycopene (p = 0.0107), flavan-3-ols (p < 0...
October 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971475/maternal-exercise-modifies-body-composition-and-energy-substrates-handling-in-high-fat-high-sucrose-diet-fed-male-offspring
#10
Charline Quiclet, Hervé Dubouchaud, Phanélie Berthon, Hervé Sanchez, Guillaume Vial, Farida Siti, Eric Fontaine, Cécile Batandier, Karine Couturier
Maternal exercise during gestation has been reported to modify offspring metabolism and health. Whether these effects are exacerbated when offspring is under high-fat diet remains rather unclear. Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of maternal exercise before and during gestation on the offspring fed a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (HF), by assessing its body composition, pancreatic function and the energy substrates handling by two major glucose-utilizing tissues: liver and muscle. Fifteen week-old nulliparous female Wistar rats exercised 4 weeks before as well as during gestation at a constant submaximal intensity (TR) or remained sedentary (CT)...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947222/effects-of-palm-oil-on-structural-and-in-vitro-digestion-properties-of-cooked-rice-starches
#11
Adil Muhammad Farooq, Sushil Dhital, Chao Li, Bin Zhang, Qiang Huang
The glycemic potency of rice depends upon the rate and extent of starch hydrolysis by pancreatic amylase and intestinal alpha-glucosidases. However, complexation of starch molecules with lipids is known to reduce the enzymic hydrolysis. In this study, we elucidated the varietal effect of rice starches on the formation of amylose-lipid complex, after cooking with palm oil, a common cooking oil. The amount of complexed lipid followed the order of black (2.5%), brown (2.5%), white (1.5%) and waxy (0.5%) rice starches...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935122/prevalence-of-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-without-follow-up-pancr-evol-study
#12
Carlos Marra-Lopez Valenciano, Federico Bolado Concejo, Eva Marín Serrano, Judith Millastre Bocos, Emma Martínez-Moneo, Esperanza Pérez Rodríguez, María Francisco González, Andrés Del Pozo-García, Anaiansi Hernández Martín, Elena Labrador Barba, María Luisa Orera Peña, Enrique de-Madaria
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is an important complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Guidelines recommend to rule out EPI in CP, to detect those patients who would benefit from pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of EPI in patients with CP without follow-up in the last 2 years and to describe their nutritional status and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter Spanish study...
September 18, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933761/neoadjuvant-therapy-of-pancreatic-cancer-definitions-and-benefits
#13
REVIEW
Stefan Heinrich, Hauke Lang
The standard treatment of resectable pancreatic cancer is surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Due to the complication rate of pancreatic surgery and the high rate of primary irresectability, neoadjuvant concepts are increasingly used for pancreatic cancer. Neoadjuvant therapy is better tolerated than adjuvant and might decrease the surgical complication rate from pancreatic surgery. In contrast to neoadjuvant chemoradiation, the nutritional status improves during neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Also, the survival of patients who develop postoperative complications after neoadjuvant therapy is comparable to those without complications whereas the survival of patients who underwent upfront surgery and then develop surgical complications is impaired...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930953/proposed-clinical-pathway-for-nonoperative-management-of-high-grade-pediatric-pancreatic-injuries-based-on-a-multicenter-analysis-a-pediatric-trauma-society-collaborative
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, Eric H Rosenfeld, Ankush Gosain, Randall Burd, Richard A Falcone, Rajan Thakkar, Barbara Gaines, David Mooney, Mauricio Escobar, Mubeen Jafri, Anthony Stallion, Denise B Klinkner, Robert Russell, Brendan Campbell, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey Upperman, David Juang, Shawn St Peter, Stephon J Fenton, Marianne Beaudin, Hale Wills, Adam Vogel, Stephanie Polites, Adam Pattyn, Christine Leeper, Laura V Veras, Ilan Maizlin, Shefali Thaker, Alexis Smith, Megan Waddell, Joseph Drews, James Gilmore, Lindsey Armstrong, Alexis Sandler, Suzanne Moody, Brandon Behrens, Laurence Carmant
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for nonoperative management (NOM) of high-grade pancreatic injuries in children have not been established, and wide practice variability exists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate common clinical strategies across multiple pediatric trauma centers to develop a consensus-based standard clinical pathway. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective review was conducted of children with high-grade (American Association of Surgeons for Trauma grade III-V) pancreatic injuries treated with NOM between 2010 and 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912804/assessment-of-nutritional-status-digestion-and-absorption-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#15
J E Witvliet-van Nierop, C M Lochtenberg-Potjes, N J Wierdsma, H J Scheffer, G Kazemier, K Ottens-Oussoren, M R Meijerink, M A E de van der Schueren
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To provide a comprehensive quantitative assessment of nutritional status, digestion and absorption, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). METHODS: Sixteen patients with LAPC were prospectively assessed for weight loss (WL), body mass index (BMI), fat-free mass index (FFMI), handgrip strength (HGS), dietary macronutrient intake, serum vitamin levels, resting and total energy expenditure (REE and TEE, indirect calorimetry), intestinal absorption capacity and fecal losses (bomb calorimetry), exocrine pancreatic function (fecal elastase-1 (FE1)), and gastrointestinal quality of life (GIQLI)...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912191/high-versus-low-energy-administration-in-the-early-phase-of-acute-pancreatitis-goulash-trial-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-clinical-trial
#16
Katalin Márta, Anikó N Szabó, Dániel Pécsi, Péter Varjú, Judit Bajor, Szilárd Gódi, Patrícia Sarlós, Alexandra Mikó, Kata Szemes, Mária Papp, Tamás Tornai, Áron Vincze, Zsolt Márton, Patrícia A Vincze, Erzsébet Lankó, Andrea Szentesi, Tímea Molnár, Roland Hágendorn, Nándor Faluhelyi, István Battyáni, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Attila Miseta, Zsófia Verzár, Markus M Lerch, John P Neoptolemos, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Ole H Petersen, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease with no specific treatment. Mitochondrial injury followed by ATP depletion in both acinar and ductal cells is a recently discovered early event in its pathogenesis. Importantly, preclinical research has shown that intracellular ATP delivery restores the physiological function of the cells and protects from cell injury, suggesting that restoration of energy levels in the pancreas is therapeutically beneficial. Despite several high quality experimental observations in this area, no randomised trials have been conducted to date to address the requirements for energy intake in the early phase of AP...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906293/frequency-and-variables-associated-with-fasting-orders-in-inpatients-with-ulcerative-colitis-the-audit-of-diet-orders-ulcerative-colitis-adore-uc-study
#17
Zane R Gallinger, Amir Rumman, Kevin Pivovarov, Kyle J Fortinsky, A Hillary Steinhart, Adam V Weizman
INTRODUCTION: Current clinical practice guidelines suggest that patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) hospitalized because of a disease flare should be offered a normal diet, unless such a diet is not tolerated. Studies of hospitalized patients have demonstrated iatrogenic malnutrition from unjustified or inappropriate nil per os (NPO) or clear liquid diet (CLD) orders. In this study, we aim to characterize the burden of this problem in hospitalized patients with UC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients with UC admitted to the gastroenterology service or the general internal medicine service at a tertiary, academic hospital between January 2009 and December 2014, with a length of stay between 2 and 30 days...
October 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902787/venous-thromboembolism-is-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Guru Trikudanathan, Chandraprakash Umapathy, Satish Munigala, Mahesh Gajendran, Darwin L Conwell, Martin L Freeman, Somashekar G Krishna
OBJECTIVES: The systemic inflammatory cascade and vascular stasis in hospitalized patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) serve as a milieu for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our aim was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of VTE in AP and to evaluate its impact on clinical outcomes of AP. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2011) was reviewed to identify all patients hospitalized with AP. Patients with a concomitant diagnosis of VTE were compared with those without...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902785/predictors-of-pancreatic-cancer-associated-weight-loss-and-nutritional-interventions
#19
Laura Nemer, Somashekar G Krishna, Zarine K Shah, Darwin L Conwell, Zobeida Cruz-Monserrate, Mary Dillhoff, Denis C Guttridge, Alice Hinton, Andrei Manilchuk, Timothy M Pawlik, Carl R Schmidt, Erin E Talbert, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Phil A Hart
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is often accompanied by weight loss. We sought to characterize factors associated with weight loss and observed nutritional interventions, as well as define the effect of weight loss on survival. METHODS: Consecutive subjects diagnosed with PDAC (N = 123) were retrospectively evaluated. Univariate analysis was used to compare subjects with and without substantial (>5%) weight loss. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with weight loss, and survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox survival models...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901335/enteral-versus-parenteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-with-severe-pancreatitis-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
H Yao, C He, L Deng, G Liao
Whether enteral nutrition (EN) is superior to parenteral nutrition (PN) in critically ill patients with severe acute pancreatitis remains unknown. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the effects of EN versus PN on clinical outcomes in a subgroup of pancreatitis patients. Relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched in Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science from inception to August 2016. Ultimately, five RCTs including 348 patients were enrolled in this analysis. Compared with PN, EN was associated with a significant reduction in overall mortality (risk ratio (RR)=0...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
92747
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"