keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nutrition pancreatitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095460/fecal-fat-analyses-in-chronic-pancreatitis-importance-of-fat-ingestion-before-stool-collection
#1
Friedemann Erchinger, Trond Engjom, Palwasha Jurmy, Erling Tjora, Odd Helge Gilja, Georg Dimcevski
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative determination of fecal fat still is the gold standard for measuring malabsorption. We evaluated the importance of standardized food intake before and under the collection of feces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a project, evaluating patients with suspected chronic pancreatitis (CP) and healthy volunteers (HC), stools were collected for 72 hours coupled to registration of nutritional intake over five consecutive days. Patient groups were created by a modified Layer score, which includes imaging findings, clinical parameters and pancreas function testing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088773/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#2
Hung-Jui Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Wen-Ing Tsay, Shwu-Huey Her, Cheng-Heng Lin, Chih-Chiang Chien
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP. METHODS: We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054107/-evidence-based-supportive-measures-to-secure-pancreatic-anastomoses
#3
O Belyaev, W Uhl
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic anastomosis is the Achilles heel of pancreatic surgery. Despite substantial progress in surgical techniques the rate of postoperative pancreatic fistulas remains very high. For this reason various supportive measures to secure pancreatic anastomoses are of continuing interest. OBJECTIVE: This review presents the newest evidence-based data on supportive measures designed to secure a pancreatic anastomosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The most recent meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials and the largest retrospective studies on the role of pancreatic duct stenting, double loop reconstruction, autologous patches and drainage in pancreaticoduodenectomy were taken into account...
January 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050922/abdominal-paracentesis-drainage-improves-tolerance-of-enteral-nutrition-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Liang Hongyin, Huang Zhu, Wang Tao, Lin Ning, Liu Weihui, Cui Jianfeng, Yan Hongtao, Tang Lijun
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) could improve the administration of enteral nutrition (EN) in acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Between January 2015 and April 2016, a total of 161 acute pancreatitis patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to either the APD group or the non-APD group. Several indexes associated with the administration of EN, including the gastroparesis cardinal symptom index (GCSI), the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events, and the clinical outcomes, were recorded...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032715/helicobacter-pylori-infection-chronic-corpus-atrophic-gastritis-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-cohort-a-nested-case-control-study
#5
Jiaqi Huang, Ulrika Zagai, Göran Hallmans, Olof Nyrén, Lars Engstrand, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon, Eric J Duell, Kim Overvad, Verena A Katzke, Rudolf Kaaks, Mazda Jenab, Jin Young Park, Raul Murillo, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Christina Bamia, Kathryn E Bradbury, Elio Riboli, Dagfinn Aune, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Gabriel Capellá, Antonio Agudo, Vittorio Krogh, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Begoña Martínez, Daniel Redondo-Sanchez, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Petra Hm Peeters, Sara Regnér, Björn Lindkvist, Alessio Naccarati, Eva Ardanaz, Nerea Larrañaga, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Vinciane Rebours, Amélie Barré, H B As Bueno-de-Mesquita, Weimin Ye
The association between H. pylori infection and pancreatic cancer risk remains controversial. We conducted a nested case-control study with 448 pancreatic cancer cases and their individually matched control subjects, based on the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort, to determine whether there was an altered pancreatic cancer risk associated with H. pylori infection and chronic corpus atrophic gastritis. Conditional logistic regression models were applied to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for matching factors and other potential confounders...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004151/reciprocal-regulation-of-mtor-complexes-in-pancreatic-islets-from-humans-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Ting Yuan, Sahar Rafizadeh, Kanaka Durga Devi Gorrepati, Blaz Lupse, Jose Oberholzer, Kathrin Maedler, Amin Ardestani
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is a master regulator of nutritional status at the cellular and organismic level. While mTORC1 mediates beta cell growth and expansion, its hyperactivation has been observed in pancreatic islets from animal models of type 2 diabetes and leads to beta cell loss. We sought to determine whether such mTORC1 activation occurs in humans with type 2 diabetes or in metabolically stressed human islets and whether mTORC1 blockade can restore beta cell function of diabetic islets...
December 21, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000693/consumption-of-a-high-fat-breakfast-on-consecutive-days-alters-preclinical-biomarkers-for-atherosclerosis
#7
B K McFarlin, K C Carpenter, A L Henning, A S Venable
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent research has speculated that the risk of developing atherosclerosis is due to the accumulation of the effects of daily diet choices. The purpose of this study was to examine which of our previously identified preclinical disease risk biomarkers were further elevated when consuming a high-fat (644±50 kcal; 100% recommended dietary allowance for fat), high-calorie (1118±100 kcal; 70% daily caloric needs) breakfast on consecutive days. Young, normal weight females (N=7) participated in this study...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994337/management-of-graft-duodenal-leak-in-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplant-a-case-report-from-india-and-review-of-literature
#8
REVIEW
Sunil Kumar, Sarbpreet Singh, Deepesh Benjamin Kenwar, Manish Rathi, Sanjay Bhadada, Ashish Sharma, Vikas Gupta, Anil Bhansali, Anupam Lal, Mukut Minz
Pancreatic transplantation is currently the only effective cure for Type 1 diabetes mellitus. It allows long-term glycemic control without exogenous insulin and amelioration of secondary diabetic complications. In India, pancreas transplant has not yet established with only a single successful transplant reported so far in the literature. We report a 24-year-old Type 1 diabetic patient with renal failure who underwent a simultaneous pancreas kidney transplant. On postoperative day 15, he had leak from the graft duodenal stump for which a tube duodenostomy and proximal diversion enterostomy was done...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984488/chronic-pancreatitis-like-changes-detected-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-type-1-diabetics-are-not-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-or-nutritional-deficiencies
#9
Federico Bolado, Carlos Prieto, Juan Jose Vila, Ignacio Fernandez-Urien, Lluis Forga, Jose Manuel Zozaya
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown changes in the pancreas of type 1 diabetic (T1-DM) patients, similar to those present in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Our aim was to analyze the prevalence of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) criteria for chronic pancreatitis in T1-DM, to determine the association with factors related to the diabetes and to define its clinical significance. METHODS: Eighty-six T1-DM patients were prospectively included. All of them underwent EUS...
January 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967240/the-significance-of-the-prognostic-nutritional-index-for-all-stages-of-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Sang Hoon Lee, Moon Jae Chung, Bun Kim, Hee Seung Lee, Hyun Jik Lee, Ja Yoon Heo, Yeong Jin Kim, Jeong Youp Park, Seungmin Bang, Seung Woo Park, Si Young Song, Jae Bock Chung
Nutritional status affects the prognosis of various tumors. The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is the known predictor of postoperative outcome in resectable pancreatic cancer patients. This study aimed to validate the prognostic value of PNI in all stages of pancreatic cancer. We retrospectively reviewed 499 patients with pancreatic cancer who were diagnosed at Severance Hospital between January 2006 and December 2011. The PNI value was calculated as 10 × serum albumin (g/dL) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count (/mm(3)) at initial diagnosis...
December 14, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965206/prior-lactation-reduces-future-diabetic-risk-through-sustained-post-weaning-effects-on-insulin-sensitivity
#11
Harpreet Bajaj, Chang Ye, Anthony J Hanley, Phil W Connelly, Mathew Sermer, Bernard Zinman, Ravi Retnakaran
Breastfeeding ≥12 months is recommended for optimal infant nutrition but may hold maternal benefits, as well. Indeed, lactation has been associated with lower long-term risk of diabetes in the mother but the mechanism by which it imparts sustained post-weaning effects on glucose tolerance remains unclear. In this context, we postulated that lactation potentially could induce post-weaning beneficial effects on glucose tolerance by modifying the natural history of insulin sensitivity and/or pancreatic beta-cell function over time...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941156/efficacy-of-pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-chronic-pancreatitis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Daniel de la Iglesia-García, Wei Huang, Peter Szatmary, Iria Baston-Rey, Jaime Gonzalez-Lopez, Guillermo Prada-Ramallal, Rajarshi Mukherjee, Quentin M Nunes, J Enrique Domínguez-Muñoz, Robert Sutton
OBJECTIVE: The benefits of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) in chronic pancreatitis (CP) are inadequately defined. We have undertaken a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of PERT to determine the efficacy of PERT in exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) from CP. DESIGN: Major databases were searched from 1966 to 2015 inclusive. The primary outcome was coefficient of fat absorption (CFA). Effects of PERT versus baseline and versus placebo, and of different doses, formulations and schedules were determined...
December 9, 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932030/a-clinically-applicable-muscular-index-predicts-long-term-survival-in-resectable-pancreatic-cancer
#13
Daniel Delitto, Sarah M Judge, Thomas J George, George A Sarosi, Ryan M Thomas, Kevin E Behrns, Steven J Hughes, Andrew R Judge, Jose G Trevino
BACKGROUND: The relationship between myopenia, nutritional status, and long-term oncologic outcomes remains poorly characterized in patients with clinically resectable pancreatic cancer. We sought to reliably quantify prognostic indicators of preoperative cachexia in a manner applicable to any clinical setting. METHODS: Preoperative computed tomographies were available electronically and suitable for analysis in 73 of 82 consecutive patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy between November 2010 and February 2014...
December 5, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931029/selective-necrosectomy-for-infected-pancreatic-necrosis
#14
Ola Ahmed, Claire L Donohoe, Daragh B Murphy, Brian J Marsh, John Conneely, Gerry P McEntee
BACKGROUND: Until recently, a diagnosis of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) warranted necrosectomy, which was associated with high morbidity and mortality rates greater than 20%. Preoperative percutaneous drainage delayed the need for necrosectomy with improved outcomes. METHODS: In 2008, this institution changed its approach to the management of such cases opting instead for percutaneous drainage with selective deferred necrosectomy. A total of 38 consecutive patients with IPN from January 2008 to December 2014 were included...
December 9, 2016: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921358/low-methoxyl-lemon-pectin-attenuates-inflammatory-responses-and-improves-intestinal-barrier-integrity-in-caerulein-induced-experimental-acute-pancreatitis
#15
Yajun Sun, Yue He, Fei Wang, Hao Zhang, Paul de Vos, Jia Sun
SCOPE: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common clinical acute abdominal disease. The intestinal injury associated with AP will aggravate the condition retroactively. This study investigates whether the low-methoxyl pectin (LMP) isolated from lemon could attenuate AP and associated intestinal injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experimental AP was induced in BALB/c mice by caerulien (CAE) hyperstimulation. Nutritional prophylactic group was pre-fed with 5% LMP supplemented forage three days before AP induction...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921058/celiac-crisis-associated-with-herpes-simplex-virus-esophagitis
#16
Alan Chen, Christopher M Linz, Julie L Tsay, Ming Jin, Samer S El-Dika
Celiac crisis is a rare presentation of celiac disease that is characterized by life-threatening electrolyte abnormalities, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and diarrhea. Triggers for celiac crisis include major surgeries, pancreatitis, and infections of cytomegalovirus, and salmonella. A 24-year-old woman presented with celiac crisis associated with severe herpes simplex virus (HSV) esophagitis. This case demonstrates that nutritional deficiencies seen in celiac disease can result in a relative immunodeficiency, which may lead to other infectious complications...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920640/intussuscepting-ampullary-adenoma-an-unusual-cause-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-leading-to-cavitating-lung-lesions
#17
Simon J McCluney, Vickna Balarajah, Alex Giakoustidis, Joanne Chin-Aleong, Bryony Lovett, Hemant M Kocher
Ampullary adenomas are a rare clinical entity, occurring at a rate of 0.04-0.12% in the general population. They are premalignant lesions which have the capability to progress to malignancy, and they should be excised if they are causing immediate symptoms and/or are likely to degenerate to carcinoma. Intestinal intussusception in adults is rare and, unlike in children, is often due to a structural pathology. Intussuscepting duodenal/ampullary adenomas have been reported in the literature on 13 previous occasions, however never before with this presentation...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920476/self-expanding-metal-stents-for-the-palliation-of-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#18
Christoph Rademacher, Matthias Bechtler, Steffen Schneider, Bettina Hartmann, Johannes Striegel, Ralf Jakobs
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) for the palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction in patients with and without peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 62 patients who underwent SEMS placement for treatment of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction at our hospital over a six-year period. Stents were deployed through the scope under combined fluoroscopic and endoscopic guidance. Technical success was defined as successful stent placement and expansion...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886406/disrupted-pancreatic-duct-treated-with-a-combination-of-endoscopic-cystoduodenostomy-and-pancreatic-duct-fistualization-through-a-pseudocyst-wall-using-a-lumen-apposing-metal-stent
#19
Robert M Wilechansky, Ali S Khan, Amrita Sethi
Management of disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome is complex and is increasingly approached using emerging endoscopic techniques. Herein, we present a case of recurrent pancreatitis in an elderly woman complicated by pseudocyst formation and complete pancreatic duct disruption. Her condition was treated with a novel combination of transpapillary stenting and cystduodenostomy in which a pancreatic duct stent was placed into an opening in the pseudocyst wall through a lumen-apposing metal stent. This allowed for effective drainage into the gastrointestinal tract and resolution of duct disruption...
November 25, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882862/milk-and-dairy-products-good-or-bad-for-human-health-an-assessment-of-the-totality-of-scientific-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Tanja Kongerslev Thorning, Anne Raben, Tine Tholstrup, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Ian Givens, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND: There is scepticism about health effects of dairy products in the public, which is reflected in an increasing intake of plant-based drinks, for example, from soy, rice, almond, or oat. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to assess the scientific evidence mainly from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised controlled trials, on dairy intake and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and all-cause mortality...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
keyword
keyword
92747
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"