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iv cannulation

Xiang Hu, Bao-Jian Liu, Xiao-Ming Wen, Yong-Hao Zheng, Ke Jia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of internal fixation with closed reduction and hollow compression screws for the treatment of femoral neck fracture in young and middle-aged patients. METHODS: From June 2013 to December 2016, 33 young and middle-aged patients with femoral neck fractures were treated with hollow compression screws fixation including 17 males and 16 females with an average age of 38.5 years old ranged from 19 to 59 years old; 20 cases were on the left side and 13 cases on the right side;the time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 5 days with an average of 3 days...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Li-Zhi Zhang, Jie Gao, Zhi-Cheng Zhang, Xiao-Wei Wang, Jian-Zheng Zhang, Tian-Sheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare of clinical effects of different surgical methods in the treatment of elderly femoral neck fractures. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2016, 144 elderly patients with femoral neck were treated and divided into artificial hip replacement group and cannulated screw fixation group according to the surgical methods. In the total hip arthroplasty group, there were 89 cases, 28 males and 61 females, with an average age of(84.10±3.10) years old;Hollow nail fixation group 55 cases, 20 males and 35 females, with an average age of (86...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Maurizio Pacilli, Catherine J Bradshaw, Simon A Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Medium-term intravenous access in children is normally achieved by means of repeated multiple peripheral intravenous cannula insertions or peripherally inserted central catheters. Long peripheral cannulas might offer an alternative to these devices in children. Our aim was to clarify whether long peripheral cannulas provide reliable medium-term intravenous access avoiding the need for multiple peripheral intravenous cannulations or peripherally inserted central catheter insertion in children undergoing surgery...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Keith S Boniface, Maxine A LeSaux, Sohaib Mandoorah, Amit Patel, Kai L Neander, Hamid Shokoohi
PURPOSE: We evaluated the performance of an encapsulated guidewire designed for single-handed use with ultrasound-guided vascular access (SonoStik) with Seldinger technique, as compared with conventional intravenous catheters placed under ultrasound guidance in healthy subjects. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort trial in healthy subjects in which each subject served as his/her own control by having a SonoStik ultrasound intravenous cannulation placed in one arm and a conventionally placed, standard ultrasound intravenous cannulation placed in the other arm...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
D Jann, M Calcagni, P Giovanoli, T Giesen
We analyzed the results of 20 unstable metacarpal fractures in 15 patients treated with a cannulated compression screw and no immobilization. All fractures healed within 6 weeks. One patient with multiple fractures and a flexion deficit required arthrolysis of two metacarpophalangeal joints. Another patient had an extension lag. There were no other complications. This fast and easy technique results in good outcomes for unstable metacarpal fractures. The advantages are early active motion without immobilization and stable fixation...
March 1, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Marie Cooke, Amanda J Ullman, Gillian Ray-Barruel, Marianne Wallis, Amanda Corley, Claire M Rickard
Peripheral intravascular cannula/catheter (PIVC) insertion is a common invasive procedure, but PIVC failure before the end of therapy is unacceptably high. As PIVC failure disrupts treatment and reinsertion can be distressing for the patient, prevention of PIVC failure is an important patient outcome. Consumer participation in PIVC care to prevent failure is an untapped resource. This study aimed to understand consumers' PIVC experience; establish aspects of PIVC insertion and care relevant to them; and to compare experiences of adult consumers to adult carers of a child...
2018: PloS One
Matthew R Zeiderman, Shahrooz Sean Kelishadi, John Paul Tutela, Arun Rao, Saeed Chowdhry, Ronald M Brooks, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background: Minimally invasive cosmetic procedures are the most commonly performed aesthetic techniques by plastic surgeons. Patients are interested in a pain-free experience. Surgeons desire patient satisfaction and time-efficient utilization of office staff and resources. Clinical evidence exists for use of vapocoolant technology to reduce pain associated with intravenous cannulation in the pediatric population and in hemodialysis patients. Applying vapocoolant technology to facial rejuvenation is a novel approach to decrease pain associated with neurotoxin or filler injection...
2018: Eplasty
Cindy Carol Bitter, Brian Rice, Usha Periyanayagam, Bradley Dreifuss, Heather Hammerstedt, Sara W Nelson, Mark Bisanzo, Samuel Maling, Stacey Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most commonly used resources (provider procedural skills, medications, laboratory studies and imaging) needed to care for patients. SETTING: A single emergency department (ED) of a district-level hospital in rural Uganda. PARTICIPANTS: 26 710 patient visits. RESULTS: Procedures were performed for 65.6% of patients, predominantly intravenous cannulation, wound care, bladder catheterisation and orthopaedic procedures...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Tomohiko Ichikawa, Tetsuhiro Yamada, Alexander Treiber, Carmela Gnerre, Jérôme Segrestaa, Swen Seeland, Kiyoko Nonaka
1. The metabolism of the prostacyclin receptor agonist selexipag (NS-304; ACT-293987) and its active metabolite MRE-269 (ACT-333679) has been investigated in liver microsomes and hepatocytes of rats, dogs, and monkeys. MRE-269 formation is the main pathway of selexipag metabolism, irrespective of species. Some interspecies differences were evident for both compounds in terms of both metabolic turnover and metabolic profiles. The metabolism of MRE-269 was slower than that of selexipag in all three species. 2...
February 22, 2018: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Sahaana Rangarajan, Justin Morgenstern, William K Milne, Corey Heitz
This is a prospective before-after study comparing peripheral intravenous cannulation (PIVC) placement and usage rates following a 10 week long multimodal intervention provided to medical and nursing staff working in a tertiary emergency department (ED). The intervention focused on improving appropriate use of PIVCs in an emergency setting by emphasizing to clinicians that a PIVC should only be placed if it was believed there was more than an 80% chance that it would be used. Patients were eligible for the study if they presented to the ED and were >18 years of age...
February 16, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Chang Ho Shin, Doo Jae Lee, In Ho Choi, Tae-Joon Cho, Won Joon Yoo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and complications of arthroscopically assisted reduction and fixation with cannulated screws for tibial eminence fracture in skeletally immature patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series study. Forty-eight patients who were skeletally immature at the time of tibial eminence fracture were treated in a tertiary children's hospital between May 2004 and August 2015. Twenty-one patients were excluded due to non-operative treatment (n = 10), other surgical treatments (n = 9), multiple fracture (n = 1), and follow-up < 1 year (n = 1)...
February 6, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
James Bitmead, Gemma Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Yusuf Gürbüz, Tahir Sadık Sügün, Murat Kayalar
Introduction  The purpose of this retrospective study, is to evaluate the clinical and functional results of early surgical fixation of the ipsilateral distal radius and scaphoid fractures in 22 of 21 patients. Patients and Methods  Overall, 22 combined ipsilateral scaphoid, and distal radius fracture treatments between 2002 and 2015 were evaluated. The mean age was 34.9 (range: 19-82) years. One patient had bilateral injuries. In 17 patients the injury was due to a fall from a height, and in 4 patients due to a motorcycle accident...
February 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Rajesh Botchu, Amit Bharath, Okezika Uhiara, Mark Davies, Steven James
Peripheral venous cannulation is one of the most commonly performed medical procedures in hospital medicine. The dorsal metacarpal veins are typically used for cannulation as they are easily accessible. We present the first case of an iatrogenic intratendinous ganglion cyst of the extensor digitorum tendon of the middle finger following intravenous cannulation.
December 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
Sanjay Kumar, Omprakash Sanjeev, Anil Agarwal, Chetna Shamshery, Rakhi Gupta
Background: Venipuncture pain is an uncomfortable suffering to the patient. It creates anxiety, fear and dissatisfaction. The ketoprofen transdermal patch is a proven treatment for musculoskeletal and arthritic pain. We planned this study to evaluate the efficacy of the ketoprofen patch to reduce venipuncture pain. Methods: Two hundred adult patients, aged 18-60 years, of either sex, ASA grade I or II, were enrolled. Presuming that therapy would decrease venipuncture pain by 30%, a power calculation with α = 0...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
Yuki Yamagami, Shingo Ueki, Kei Matoba, Kiyoko Makimoto
The objective of this systematic review is to identify, evaluate and synthesize evidence of effectiveness on ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous cannulation in pediatric patients aged under three years.Specially, the review question is: In pediatric patients aged under three years, what is the effect of ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous cannulation on the first attempt and on the overall success rate, time to cannulation and number of attempts for successful cannulation compared with the traditional blind approach?...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Kavita Upadhyaya, Heidy Hendra, Nick Wilson
The Department of Health's 'High Impact Intervention (HII) - Peripheral intravenous cannula care bundle' lists six actions to be performed at the time of peripheral intravenous cannulation. Audit of compliance to these requires documentation. We assessed documentation on the anaesthetic charts of 50 surgical patients. Purpose-made stickers were then placed on all anaesthetic charts. Re-assessment of a further 50 patients' charts demonstrated a significant improvement in documentation of the bundle post intervention (Fisher's exact test P < 0...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
Abm Kamrul Hasan, Raman Sivasankar, Salil G Nair, Wamia U Hasan, Zulaidi Latif
BACKGROUND: Intravenous cannulation is usually done in children after inhalational induction with volatile anesthetic agents. The optimum time for safe intravenous cannulation after induction with sevoflurane, oxygen, and nitrous oxide has been studied in premedicated children, but there is no information for the optimum time for cannulation with inhalational induction in children without premedication. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the optimum time for intravenous cannulation after the induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane, oxygen, and nitrous oxide in children without any premedication...
February 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Sendoa Ballesteros-Peña, Gorka Vallejo-De la Hoz, Irrintzi Fernández-Aedo
OBJECTIVES: To analyse vein catheterisation and blood gas test-related pain among adult patients in the emergency department and to explore pain score-related factors. METHOD: An observational and multicentre research study was performed. Patients undergoing vein catheterisation or arterial puncture for gas test were included consecutively. After each procedure, patients scored the pain experienced using the NRS-11. RESULTS: 780 vein catheterisations and 101 blood gas tests were analysed...
December 23, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
Alejandro V Garcia, Maniraj Jeyaraju, Mitchell R Ladd, Eric B Jelin, Melania M Bembea, Samuel Alaish, Daniel Rhee
AIMS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a commonly used modality of life support for children with cardiopulmonary failure. Consensus on pediatric cannulation strategies and management does not currently exist. The goal of this study was to investigate individual surgeon approaches towards ECMO cannulations in children. METHODS: A 21-question online survey was developed and disseminated to the American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) membership...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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