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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733105/adverse-reactions-of-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-agonists-in-cats-reported-in-2003-2013-in-finland
#1
Marja R Raekallio, Marika Virtanen, Irmeli Happonen, Outi M Vainio
OBJECTIVE: To describe suspected adverse drug reactions in cats associated with use of α2-adrenoceptor agonists. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: A total of 90 cats. METHODS: Data were collected from reports on adverse reactions to veterinary medicines sent to the Finnish Medicines Agency during 2003-2013. All reports of suspected adverse reactions associated with use of α2-adrenoceptor agonists in cats were included...
March 1, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727093/effects-of-intravenous-lipopolysaccharide-administration-on-feed-intake-ruminal-forage-degradability-and-liquid-parameters-and-physiological-responses-in-beef-cattle
#2
K D Lippolis, R F Cooke, K M Schubach, R S Marques, D W Bohnert
This experiment compared DMI, ruminal forage degradability, and liquid parameters as well as physiological responses in beef cattle receiving a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge or not. Eight ruminally cannulated Angus × Hereford steers (485 ± 16 kg BW) were housed in individual pens on d -7, ranked by BW, and allocated to 1 of 2 treatments administered on d 0: 1) an intravenous (i.v.) bolus dose (0.5 μg/kg of BW, diluted in 5 mL of 0.9% sterile saline) of bacterial LPS ( 0111:B4) or 2) a 5-mL i.v. injection of 0...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719485/does-the-application-of-heat-gel-pack-after-eutectic-mixture-of-local-anesthetic-cream-improve-venipuncture-or-intravenous-cannulation-success-rate-in-children-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Silvana Schreiber, Giorgio Cozzi, Giuseppa Patti, Andrea Taddio, Marcella Montico, Chiara Pierobon, Egidio Barbi
OBJECTIVE: Needle-related procedures are the most common sources of pain for children in the hospital setting. The most used topical anesthetic, eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream, may cause transient vasoconstriction. It has been postulated that this vasoconstriction may decrease vein visualization. The application of heat gel pack after removal of EMLA cream in the site of venipuncture counteracts the vasoconstriction, improving vein visualization. We assessed using a prospective randomized controlled trial whether the application of heat gel pack increases the needle procedure success rate...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711949/pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-by-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-does-it-has-added-value-compared-to-regular-emergency-medical-service
#4
X R J Moors, K Rijs, D Den Hartog, R J Stolker
PURPOSE: To determine the outcome of out-of-hospital (OOH) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the advanced life support (ALS) procedures provided in pediatrics by the Rotterdam Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of all pediatric (0-17 years) OOH cardiopulmonary arrests within a 6-year period and attended by the Rotterdam HEMS team. RESULTS: There were 201 OOH CPRs from October 2008 until October 2014. Endotracheal intubation was performed in 164 cases and done by HEMS in 104 patients (63%), intraosseous/intravenous cannulation 43/27 times, and additional medication given by HEMS in 70 patients (35%)...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699465/using-the-vessel-health-and-preservation-framework-to-enhance-vein-assessment-and-vascular-access-device-selection
#5
Sally Jane Shaw
There is a range of risk factors that can lead to peripheral intravenous (IV) cannula failure, and several failed cannulation attempts can result in the patient experiencing increased pain, discomfort and delays in receiving IV therapy. The Vessel Health and Preservation (VHP) framework is a tool that can be used to improve clinical decision-making and the patient experience in relation to vascular access and IV therapy. Use of the VHP framework can ensure the right vein and right vascular access device (VAD) is selected at the right time for each patient...
July 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689952/a-novel-off-the-shelf-technique-for-endovascular-repair-of-type-iii-and-iv-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms-using-the-gore-excluder-and-viabahn-branches
#6
Mathew Wooster, Adam Tanious, R Wesley Jones, Paul Armstrong, Murray Shames
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of a novel off-the-shelf technique to repair type III and type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) in absence of available prefabricated branched devices. METHODS: All patients undergoing endovascular repair of type III and IV TAAAs using this technique were included from a prospectively maintained registry at a regional aortic referral center. The proximal bifurcated Gore C3 Excluder device is positioned in the descending thoracic aorta with the contralateral gate 2-3 cm above the celiac artery...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677464/letter
#7
Amy Jones
How about training nursing students to do intravenous medication, cannulation and bloods? It would be far more useful for our everyday roles as newly qualified nurses.
July 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665454/outcomes-of-nondisplaced-intracapsular-femoral-neck-fractures-with-internal-screw-fixation-in-elderly-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
Jon I Oñativia, Pablo A I Slullitel, Fernando Diaz Dilernia, Juan M Gonzales Viescas, Valeria Vietto, Prem N Ramkumar, Martin A Buttaro, Nicolas S Piuzzi
INTRODUCTION: Although the preferred treatment for displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly is hip arthroplasty, the treatment for impacted or undisplaced femoral neck fractures (UFNF) is still a subject of controversy.Our purpose was to systematically review studies of elderly patients with UFNF treated with internal fixation using screws: (i) what is the reported mortality; (ii) what is the reoperation rate; (iii) what are the clinical and radiological outcomes; and (iv) what is the methodological quality of the included studies? METHODS: This systematic review was performed through a search of PubMed and the Cochrane database using a structured search algorithm including studies enrolling patients older than 60 years old, with UFNF treated with internal fixation using screws...
June 23, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656872/prospective-study-of-surgical-fixation-of-radial-head-fractures-using-cannulated-headless-compression-screws-for-simple-and-complex-radial-head-fractures
#9
Pang Hung Wu, Anushri Dixit, David Meng Kiat Tan, Liang Shen, Yu Han Chee
INTRODUCTION: Fixing the two-part Mason II radial head fracture using screws is becoming a popular practice. However, the screw fixation efficacy for three-part Mason III and IV fractures is controversial. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of using a uniform technique of headless compression screw fixation in simple, isolated Mason II and complex three-part Mason III and IV radial head fractures in terms of functional outcome, treatment efficiency and assessment of complications with the procedure...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655630/a-novel-anterior-approach-for-the-fixation-of-ulnar-coronoid-process-fractures
#10
Xiaohua Yang, Wenli Chang, Wei Chen, Song Liu, Yanbin Zhu, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: There is no universally accepted approachto the elbow for the fixation of coronoid process fractures.This study aims to introduce a novel anterior surgicalapproach for the fixation of the ulnar coronoid fracture, with minimal surgical dissection damage and excellent visualization for reduction and internal fixation. HYPOTHESIS: The anterior approach can facilitatesatisfactory outcomesfor coronoid process fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From February 2010 to July 2014, 12 patients (8 males and 4 females; range 14-62 years; mean age 31 years) with a closed fracture of the coronoid process of the ulna were included in this study...
June 24, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638278/lifespan-and-associated-factors-of-peripheral-intravenous-cannula-among-infants-admitted-in-public-hospitals-of-mekelle-city-tigray-ethiopia-2016
#11
Eskedar Birhane, Kalayou Kidanu, Mekuria Kassa, Dawit Gerezgiher, Lidia Tsegay, Brhanu Weldu, Genet Kidane, Hadgu Gerensea
BACKGROUND: Peripheral Intravenous cannula (IV) is the most common vascular access device used to administer medications with the exception of medication or fluid with high or low PH or hyperosmolarity which may cause severe damage to small veins. The insertion of a peripheral intravenous cannula in newborn infants can be difficult. Appropriate veins with sufficient capacity to insert a cannula become less available throughout the hospital stay. Once a peripheral intravenous cannula is inserted, it is desirable that its patency can be maintained as long as possible...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608536/feeding-value-of-whole-raw-soya-beans-as-a-protein-supplement-for-beef-cattle-consuming-low-quality-forages
#12
H M Arelovich, S Lagrange, R Torre, M F Martinez, H E Laborde
Experiments (Exp) I and II were conducted to compare raw whole soya beans (WSB), roasted (rWSB) or other protein sources as supplements of low-quality forages fed ad libitum to beef cattle, upon DM intake (DMI), ruminal and blood parameters, and animal performance. Exp I: treatments for wheat straw fed to four ruminally cannulated steers were (i) Control-WS: no supplement; (ii) WSB-WS: whole soya beans; (iii) rWSB-WS: roasted WSB; and (iv) SBM-WS: soybean meal-wheat midds mixture; all fed at 1.4 kg DM/day...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560032/transauricular-intra-arterial-and-intravenous-digital-subtraction-angiography-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-imaging-in-a-rabbit-model
#13
Yonghua Bi, Zepeng Yu, Ke Xu, Hongshan Zhong, Gang Wu, Xinwei Han
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate transauricular digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as an alternative to conventional intra-arterial DSA for rabbit abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: AAA models were created in 8 New Zealand white rabbits by sewing vein patch. The diameters of aortic arteries were measured by DSA via ear vein and ear central artery. The common carotid artery (CCA) was exposed and cannulated for DSA as conventional angiography...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540796/myoglobin-does-not-predict-local-toxicity-in-isolated-limb-perfusion
#14
Andreas Nyström Wendt, Jan Mattsson, Roger Olofsson Bagge
INTRODUCTION: Isolated limb perfusion (ILP) is a treatment option for patients with in-transit metastases of malignant melanoma in the extremities, as well as locally advanced sarcoma. ILP allows for a delivery of high-dose chemotherapy to an isolated extremity with minimal systemic toxicity. However, local toxicity like oedema, blistering, nerve damage and compartment syndrome can occur. Myoglobin measurements have been used as a screening method to predict the most severe cases of local toxicity...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515611/malposition-of-the-central-venous-catheter-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#15
Sameer N Desai, Santosh K Dasar, V Mithali
A 50-year-old male was admitted to Intensive Care Unit with head and chest injury needed multiple central venous catheter (CVC) for the long-term intravenous access. Right internal jugular vein was cannulated uneventfully, and the tip of CVC was confirmed in the chest radiograph along the right border of the mediastinum. After few days, left subclavian vein was cannulated and the procedure was uneventful. However, the postprocedure Chest X-ray showed the CVC along the left border of mediastinum rather than the right border...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466729/use-of-closed-cannulae-in-peripheral-intravenous-cannulation
#16
Sally Jane Shaw
Undertaking peripheral intravenous (IV) cannulations and the management of cannulae are associated with the risk of blood leakage or spillage and blood exposure. Open cannulae are the most common type of peripheral IV cannulae used in the UK. However, closed cannulae, also known as blood-control cannulae, have the potential to reduce the risk of needlestick injury, blood leakage and blood exposure during cannulation, as well as to increase dwell time and patient comfort. Closed cannulae may also reduce the time taken to perform cannulation...
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453316/peripheral-intravenous-cannulation-protecting-patients-and-nurses
#17
Andrew Barton, Roy Ventura, Boris Vavrik
Peripheral intravenous cannulation is a common clinical procedure in today's healthcare setting. There are a range of different devices to choose from, and this article will consider the risk of catheter-related bloodstream infections and needlestick injuries, national and international guidelines on infection prevention and safety in intravenous access, the need for closed catheters, features of the Introcan Safety® 3 (B. Braun Melsungen AG) and research into peripheral cannulas.
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449483/epicardial-left-atrial-appendage-closure-comparison-of-surgical-techniques-in-an-ex-vivo-model
#18
Nikolas Mirow, Sebastian Vogt, Marc Irqsusi, Rainer Moosdorf, Andreas Kirschbaum
BACKGROUND: Formation of clots in the left atrial appendage (LAA) may lead to embolism and consecutive cerebral stroke. This risk is reduced by closure and resection. To address the efficacy of surgical LAA closure, resilience to pneumatic pressure was studied. Different surgical techniques were compared in an experimental model. METHODS: From freshly slaughtered pigs cardiopulmonary preparations were taken. The left atrium was clamped airtight and the LAA was cannulated...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447976/method-of-direct-segmental-intra-hepatic-delivery-using-a-rat-liver-hilar-clamp-model
#19
Eliza W Beal, Curtis Dumond, Jung-Lye Kim, Khalid Mumtaz, Don Hayes, Ken Washburn, Bryan A Whitson, Sylvester M Black
Major hepatic surgery with inflow occlusion, and liver transplantation, necessitate a period of warm ischemia, and a period of reperfusion leading to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury with myriad negative consequences. Potential I/R injury in marginal organs destined for liver transplantation contributes to the current donor shortage secondary to a decreased organ utilization rate. A significant need exists to explore hepatic I/R injury in order to mediate its impact on graft function in transplantation. Rat liver hilar clamp models are used to investigate the impact of different molecules on hepatic I/R injury...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429311/improving-animal-welfare-using-continuous-nalbuphine-infusion-in-a-long-term-rat-model-of-sepsis
#20
Victor Jeger, Mattia Arrigo, Florian F Hildenbrand, Daniel Müller, Paulin Jirkof, Till Hauffe, Burkhardt Seifert, Margarete Arras, Donat R Spahn, Dominique Bettex, Alain Rudiger
BACKGROUND: Sepsis research relies on animal models to investigate the mechanisms of the dysregulated host response to infection. Animal welfare concerns request the use of potent analgesics for the Refinement of existing sepsis models, according to the 3Rs principle. Nevertheless, adequate analgesia is often missing, partly because the effects of analgesics in this particular condition are unknown. We evaluated the use of nalbuphine, an opioid with kappa agonistic and mu antagonistic effects, in rats with and without experimental sepsis...
December 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
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