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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324553/effectiveness-of-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-cannulation-in-pediatric-patients-aged-under-three-years-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Yuki Yamagami, Shingo Ueki, Kei Matoba, Kiyoko Makimoto
The objective of this systematic review is to identify, evaluate and synthesize evidence of effectiveness on ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous cannulation in pediatric patients aged under three years.Specially, the review question is: In pediatric patients aged under three years, what is the effect of ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous cannulation on the first attempt and on the overall success rate, time to cannulation and number of attempts for successful cannulation compared with the traditional blind approach?...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317914/a-high-impact-intervention-for-a-high-impact-intervention-improving-documentation-of-peripheral-venous-access-insertion-in-theatre
#2
Kavita Upadhyaya, Heidy Hendra, Nick Wilson
The Department of Health's 'High Impact Intervention (HII) - Peripheral intravenous cannula care bundle' lists six actions to be performed at the time of peripheral intravenous cannulation. Audit of compliance to these requires documentation. We assessed documentation on the anaesthetic charts of 50 surgical patients. Purpose-made stickers were then placed on all anaesthetic charts. Re-assessment of a further 50 patients' charts demonstrated a significant improvement in documentation of the bundle post intervention (Fisher's exact test P < 0...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316032/optimum-time-for-intravenous-cannulation-after-induction-with-sevoflurane-oxygen-and-nitrous-oxide-in-children-without-any-premedication
#3
Abm Kamrul Hasan, Raman Sivasankar, Salil G Nair, Wamia U Hasan, Zulaidi Latif
BACKGROUND: Intravenous cannulation is usually done in children after inhalational induction with volatile anesthetic agents. The optimum time for safe intravenous cannulation after induction with sevoflurane, oxygen, and nitrous oxide has been studied in premedicated children, but there is no information for the optimum time for cannulation with inhalational induction in children without premedication. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the optimum time for intravenous cannulation after the induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane, oxygen, and nitrous oxide in children without any premedication...
January 8, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279250/pain-scores-for-intravenous-cannulation-and-arterial-blood-gas-test-among-emergency-department-patients
#4
Sendoa Ballesteros-Peña, Gorka Vallejo-De la Hoz, Irrintzi Fernández-Aedo
OBJECTIVES: To analyse vein catheterisation and blood gas test-related pain among adult patients in the emergency department and to explore pain score-related factors. METHOD: An observational and multicentre research study was performed. Patients undergoing vein catheterisation or arterial puncture for gas test were included consecutively. After each procedure, patients scored the pain experienced using the NRS-11. RESULTS: 780 vein catheterisations and 101 blood gas tests were analysed...
December 23, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241967/survey-of-the-american-pediatric-surgical-association-on-cannulation-practices-in-pediatric-ecmo
#5
Alejandro V Garcia, Maniraj Jeyaraju, Mitchell R Ladd, Eric B Jelin, Melania M Bembea, Samuel Alaish, Daniel Rhee
AIMS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a commonly used modality of life support for children with cardiopulmonary failure. Consensus on pediatric cannulation strategies and management does not currently exist. The goal of this study was to investigate individual surgeon approaches towards ECMO cannulations in children. METHODS: A 21-question online survey was developed and disseminated to the American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) membership...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187151/pediatric-premedication-a-double-blind-randomized-trial-of-dexmedetomidine-or-ketamine-alone-versus-a-combination-of-dexmedetomidine-and-ketamine
#6
Hui Qiao, Zhi Xie, Jie Jia
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety is common in pediatric patients. When dexmedetomidine is used alone for sedation as premedication, children tend to awaken when separated from their parents, and body movements occur during invasive procedures. We tested the hypothesis that the combination of dexmedetomidine and ketamine may be a useful premedication to alleviate preoperative anxiety and improve cooperation during intravenous cannulation in pediatric patients, while producing minimal adverse events...
November 29, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178976/how-long-should-local-warming-for-venodilation-be-used-for-peripheral-intravenous-cannulation-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Yuki Yamagami, Tomomi Tsujimoto, Tomoko Inoue
BACKGROUND: Local warming is one of the most common venodilation techniques for achieving peripheral intravenous cannulation, but the time of application is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of local warming applied for 5, 10, and 15min. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. SETTING: A university in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 40 healthy female volunteers aged 20-45 years were recruited via e-mail...
November 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176933/a-clinical-pathway-for-the-management-of-difficult-venous-access
#8
Vanno Sou, Craig McManus, Nicholas Mifflin, Steven A Frost, Julie Ale, Evan Alexandrou
Background: Many patients are admitted to hospital with non-visible or palpable veins, often resulting in multiple painful attempts at cannulation, anxiety and catheter failure. We developed a difficult intravenous pathway at our institution to reduce the burden of difficult access for patients by increasing first attempt success with ultrasound guidance. The emphasis was to provide a solution for hospitalised patients after business hours by training the after-hours clinical support team in ultrasound guided cannulation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174047/neonatal-nurses-perceptions-of-pain-management
#9
L Collados-Gómez, V Camacho-Vicente, M González-Villalba, G Sanz-Prades, B Bellón-Vaquerizo
OBJECTIVES: To describe the perceptions of nurses in neonatal units on pain management, meet the educational profile and describe the use of pain assessment tools and non-pharmacological management for treatment. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive multicentre study, developed during the months of February to September 2015, in the neonatology services of three hospitals at the Community of Madrid, Spain. Data collection was performed through an ad hoc questionnaire on paper or electronically using Survey Monkey platform...
November 21, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143448/prospective-observational-study-of-predicted-usage-of-intravenous-cannulas-inserted-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-emergency-department
#10
William Hollaway, Carsten Broeze, Meredith L Borland
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of unused peripheral intravenous cannulas (PIVCs) inserted in a paediatric emergency department (PED) and to assess clinicians' abilities to predict future usage of PIVC. METHODS: Prospective concealed observational study in a tertiary PED. Healthcare workers (HCWs) completed questionnaires upon insertion and removal of PIVC with review of patient notes if required. The primary outcome was the number of unused, unnecessary PIVCs...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141066/vancomycin-infiltrate-induced-dermatitis-mimicking-bullous-cellulitis
#11
Sowmya Nanjappa, Matthew Snyder, John N Greene
<p>Extravasation of medications can manifest as tenderness, pain, tissue necrosis, and thrombophlebitis and lead to infection and severe long-term complications. Risk factors for leakage of medications include mechanical and pharmacologic mechanisms such as cannulation technique, vasoconstriction, and cytotoxicity. Well-known vesicants like anthracyclines, vinca alkaloids, and vasopressors are usually administered with proper caution. Often overlooked are many antimicrobial agents, which typically act via differences in osmolality and pH...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126559/outcomes-of-a-simplified-ultrasound-guided-intravenous-training-course-for-emergency-nurses
#12
Sarah Feinsmith, Ryan Huebinger, Michael Pitts, Emily Baran, Sheila Haas
INTRODUCTION: Various medical or anatomical conditions can lead to difficult intravenous access (DIVA) in the emergency department. It was hypothesized that developing an emergency nurse-training program could reduce IV attempts in the emergency department, improving throughput and patient care. METHODS: Emergency nurses completed a 4-hour ultrasound-guided intravenous (USGIV) access course and achieved competency after 10 successful supervised USGIV insertions on patients...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109638/evaluation-of-optimum-time-for-intravenous-cannulation-after-sevoflurane-induction-of-anesthesia-in-different-pediatric-age-groups
#13
Kanil Ranjith Kumar, Renu Sinha, Ravindran Chandiran, Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Vanlal Darlong, Chandralekha
Background and Aims: The ideal time for intravenous (IV) cannulation following inhalational induction in children is debatable. The effect of age on this time has not been studied. We evaluated the optimum time for IV cannulation after sevoflurane induction of anesthesia in different pediatric age groups. Material and Methods: A prospective interventional study based on Dixon's sequential up and down method was conducted in children of age 1-10 years. They were grouped according to their age - Group 1: 1-3 years, Group 2: >3-7 years, and Group 3: >7-10 years...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072869/research-protocol-intravenous-access-during-resuscitation-the-ivar-trial
#14
Pwb Nanayakkara, Y M Smulder
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of central versus peripheral drug administration on the rate of return of organised electrical activity and/or spontaneous circulation during CPR. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. STUDY POPULATION: Hospitalized patients and patients presenting at the emergency department, older than 18 years, requiring CPR. INTERVENTION: Central venous access Main study parameters/endpoints: Combined primary endpoint: rate of appearance of organised electrical activity or return of spontaneous circulation...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051328/how-does-sevoflurane-induction-followed-by-a-ketamine-maintenance-infusion-affect-intraocular-pressure-establishment-of-an-anaesthetic-protocol-for-paediatric-glaucoma-examinations-under-anaesthesia
#15
Jessica Gwendoline van der Walt, Francois Roodt, Christopher Tinley
Accurate measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in paediatric glaucoma management. Children require serial measurements and examination under anaesthesia (EUA). Most anaesthetic agents reduce IOP, and the ideal time to measure IOP under anaesthesia is questionable. STUDY PURPOSE: To determine the effect of sevoflurane induction, followed by intravenous ketamine infusion on IOP, in children undergoing EUA for glaucoma or suspected glaucoma, and to establish the earliest time point at which reliable, repeatable IOP measurements can be obtained under anaesthesia...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044739/peripheral-intravenous-cannula-insertion-and-use-in-the-emergency-department-an-intervention-study
#16
Tracey Hawkins, Jaimi H Greenslade, Jessica Suna, Julian Williams, Claire M Rickard, Matthew Jensen, Maria Donohue, Elizabeth Cho, Christopher Van Hise, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Louise Cullen
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to examine cannulation practice and effectiveness of a multimodal intervention to reduce peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) insertion in emergency department (ED) patients. METHODS: A prospective before and after study and cost analysis was conducted at a single tertiary ED in Australia. Data were collected 24 hours a day for 2 weeks pre- and post implementation of a multimodal intervention. PIVC placement and utilization within 24 hours were evaluated in all eligible patients...
October 16, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034015/a-new-technique-for-femoral-venous-access-in-infants-using-arterial-injection-venous-return-guidance
#17
Hironori Ebishima, Masataka Kitano, Kenichi Kurosaki, Isao Shiraishi
Objectives: Although venography guidance is helpful for central venous catheter placement, it is sometimes difficult to place a peripheral intravenous cannula for enhancement. We designed a new technique for establishing femoral venous access using venography guidance in the return phase of peripheral arteriography. This new technique was named arterial injection venous return guidance. Here we assessed the efficacy and safety of arterial injection venous return guidance. Methods: We reviewed data of 29 infants less than 6 months old undergoing catheter intervention at our institute in 2014...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986330/renal-and-femoral-venous-blood-flows-are-regulated-by-different-mechanisms-dependent-on-%C3%AE-adrenergic-receptor-subtypes-and-nitric-oxide-in-anesthetized-rats
#18
Alexandre C Fioretti, Cristiana A Ogihara, Eduardo M Cafarchio, Daniel P Venancio, Roberto Lopes de Almeida, Bruno B Antonio, Monica A Sato
Venous and arterial walls are responsive to sympathetic system and circulating substances, nevertheless, very few is known about the venous blood flow regulation simultaneously to arterial vascular beds. In this study, we compared the venous and arterial blood flow regulation in visceral and muscular beds upon injection of different doses of vasoactive drugs which act in arterial vascular beds. Anesthetized adult male Wistar rats underwent to right femoral artery and vein cannulation for hemodynamic recordings and infusion of drugs...
October 3, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969738/linezolid-resistant-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-hemolyticusisolated-from-leukemic-patient-first-case-report-from-pakistan
#19
Adeel Gardezi, Aamer Ikram, Gohar Zaman, Luqman Satti, Pervez Ahmed, Muhammad Ayyub
Methicillin-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcusposes a challenging situation in healthcare settings. The spread of resistance among such organisms against major drugs is alarming as it limits the treatment options for serious infections. Traditionally, Vancomycin had remained a mainstay of treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci. Linezolid introduction into the clinical practice was a major breakthrough since it provided orally administered treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci. Widespread use of Linezolid has gradually turned the impending fear of emergence of resistance against this novel drug into a reality...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932498/hemodynamic-effect-of-intravenous-lidocaine-during-aortic-cannulation-in-cardiac-surgery
#20
Ziya Totonchi, Shirin Salajegheh, Mahmoud Reza Mohaghegh, Mehrdad Mesbah Kiaei, Mohammad Shirvani, Masoud Ghorbanlo
BACKGROUND: Dissection of aorta is a rare, but fatal complication of aortic cannulation in cardiac surgery can be caused by the sudden rise in blood pressure and hemodynamic variations. METHODS: In this study, 90 patients aged 18 years or older undergoing cardiac surgery were divided into two equal groups. Under similar conditions, trial group received 1.5 mg/kg of lidocaine for 90 s before cannulation and control group received normal saline. Hemodynamic parameters of patients including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and central venous pressure before cannulation and 1, 3, and 5 min after cannulation were recorded in a form...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
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