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graphene scaffold

S K Ameri, P K Singh, R D'Angelo, W Stoppel, L Black, S R Sonkusale, S K Ameri, P K Singh, R D'Angelo, W Stoppel, L Black, S R Sonkusale, L Black, P K Singh, W Stoppel, S R Sonkusale, R D'Angelo, S K Ameri
In this paper, we present a three-dimensional graphene foam made of few layers of CVD grown graphene as a scaffold for growing cardiac cells and recording their electrical activity. Our results show that graphene foam not only provides an excellent extra-cellular matrix (ECM) for the culture of such electrogenic cells but also enables recording of its extracellular electrical activity in-situ. Recording is possible due to graphene's excellent conductivity. In this paper, we present our results on the fabrication of the graphene scaffold and initial studies on the culture of cardiac cell lines such as HL-1 and recording of their real-time electrical activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Jiexin Zhang, Yongjin Fang, Lifen Xiao, Jiangfeng Qian, Yuliang Cao, Xinping Ai, Hanxi Yang
High voltage, high rate and cycling-stable cathodes are urgently needed for development of commercially viable sodium ion batteries (SIBs). Herein, we report a facile spray-drying method to synthesize graphene-scaffolded Na3V2(PO4)3 microspheres (NVP@rGO), in which Na3V2(PO4)3 nanoparticles are encapsulated in graphene sheets to form porous microspheres. Benefiting from the highly conductive graphene framework and porous structure, the NVP@rGO material exhibits a high Na storage capacity (115 mAh g-1 at 0.2 C rate), long cycle life (81 % of capacity retention over 3000 cycles at 5 C) as well as high rate capability (44 mAh g-1 at 50 C rate)...
February 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Rosa Garriga, Izabela Jurewicz, Shayan Seyedin, Niki Bardi, Stella Totti, Brigitta Matta-Domjan, Eirini G Velliou, Mohammed A Alkhorayef, Vicente L Cebolla, Joselito M Razal, Alan B Dalton, Edgar Muñoz
Here we present a route for non-covalent functionalization of carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide with novel two-dimensional peptide assemblies. We show that self-assembled amino-terminated biantennary and tetraantennary oligoglycine peptides (referred to as tectomers) effectively coat carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes and also strongly interact with graphene oxide due to electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding as the driving force, respectively. The resulting hybrids can be made into free-standing conducting composites or applied in the form of thin, pH-switchable bioadhesive coatings onto graphene oxide fibers...
February 10, 2017: Nanoscale
Edmundo Silva, Luana Marotta Reis de Vasconcellos, Bruno V M Rodrigues, Danilo Martins Dos Santos, Sergio P Campana-Filho, Fernanda Roberta Marciano, Thomas J Webster, Anderson Oliveira Lobo
Herein, we developed honeycomb-like scaffolds by combining poly (d, l-lactic acid) (PDLLA) with a high amount of graphene/multi-walled carbon nanotube oxides (MWCNTO-GO, 50% w/w). From pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) powders, we produced MWCNTO-GO via oxygen plasma etching (OPE), which promoted their exfoliation and oxidation. Initially, we evaluated PDLLA and PDLLA/MWCNTO-GO scaffolds for tensile strength tests, cell adhesion and cell viability (with osteoblast-like MG-63 cells), alkaline phosphatase (ALP, a marker of osteoblast differentiation) activity and mineralized nodule formation...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Duo Wu, Eva Bäckström, Minna Hakkarainen
A fully starch-derived bioactive 3D porous scaffold is developed. The bioactivity is introduced through nanosized graphene oxide (nGO) derived from starch by microwave-assisted degradation to carbon spheres and further oxidation to GO nanodots. nGO is covalently attached to starch to prepare functionalized starch (SNGO) via an esterification reaction. nGO and SNGO exhibit no cytotoxicity to MG63 at least up to 1000 µg mL(-1) under (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. Porous scaffolds consisting of starch and SNGO (S/SNGO) or nGO (S/nGO) are prepared by freeze drying...
January 25, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
Huawei Jiang, Md Azahar Ali, Zhen Xu, Larry J Halverson, Liang Dong
This paper reports on a miniaturized microbial fuel cell with a microfluidic flow-through configuration: a porous anolyte chamber is formed by filling a microfluidic chamber with three-dimensional graphene foam as anode, allowing nutritional medium to flow through the chamber to intimately interact with the colonized microbes on the scaffolds of the anode. No nutritional media flow over the anode. This allows sustaining high levels of nutrient utilization, minimizing consumption of nutritional substrates, and reducing response time of electricity generation owing to fast mass transport through pressure-driven flow and rapid diffusion of nutrients within the anode...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chaoming Xie, Honglong Sun, Kefeng Wang, Wei Zheng, Xiong Lu, Fuzeng Ren
Graphene oxide (GO) is a carbon-based nanomaterial with high surface area and abundant functional groups, providing various sites for binding and immobilization of growth factor vehicles. This study used GO nanolayer as an anchor for the immobilization of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)-encapsulated bovine serum albumin nanoparticles (NPs) on the hydroxyapatite (HA) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP) scaffolds by electrostatic interaction between the positive charges of the NPs and negative charges of GO. GO nanolayers prevented the rapid degradation of TCP scaffolds...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Sepidar Sayyar, Sanjeev Gambhir, Johnson Chung, David L Officer, Gordon G Wallace
The development of conducting 3D structured biocompatible scaffolds for the growth of electroresponsive cells is critical in the field of tissue engineering. This work reports the synthesis and 3D processing of UV-crosslinkable conducting cytocompatible hydrogels that are prepared from methacrylated chitosan (ChiMA) containing graphenic nanosheets. The addition of chemically converted graphene resulted in mechanical and electrical properties of the composite that were significantly better than ChiMA itself, as well as improved adhesion, proliferation and spreading of L929 fibroblasts cells...
January 23, 2017: Nanoscale
Yong Li, Daixin Ye, Wen Liu, Bin Shi, Rui Guo, Haijuan Pei, Jingying Xie
Manganese oxides are promising anode materials for their high-energy density. However, they suffer from poor rate capability and fast capacity fading. Herein, we construct a three-dimensional (3D) core-shell structured polypyrrole (PPy)/MnO2-reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composite via a facile two-step method. In the structure, the CNTs can facilitate fast electron conduction and keep structural integrity. The flexible and conductive rGO nanosheets work as both a reactive material and a carrier for MnO2 in-situ growth...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Kai Chi, Zheye Zhang, Qi-Ying Lv, Chuyi Xie, Jian Xiao, Fei Xiao, Shuai Wang
In this work, we report the development of well-ordered hydrogenated CoMoO4 (H-CoMoO4) and hydrogenated Fe2O3 (H-Fe2O3) nanoplate arrays on 3D graphene foam (GF), and explore their practice application as binder-free electrodes in assembling flexible all-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) device. Our results show that the monolithic 3D porous GF prepared by solution casting method using Ni foam template possesses large surface area, superior electrical conductivity, and sufficient surface functional groups, which not only facilitate in situ growth of CoMoO4 and Fe2O3 nanoplates on it, but also contribute the double-layer capacitance of resultant supercapacitor...
January 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
S Saravanan, Anjali C, M Vairamani, T P Sastry, K S Subramanian, N Selvamurugan
Critical-sized bone defects are augmented with cell free and cell loaded constructs to bridge bone defects. Improving the properties of three-dimensional scaffolds with multiple polymers and others is of growing interest in recent decades. Chitosan (CS), a natural biopolymer has limitations for its use in bone regeneration, and its properties can be enhanced with other materials. In the present study, the composite scaffolds containing CS, gelatin (Gn) and graphene oxide (GO) were fabricated through freeze-drying...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Qiyi Chen, Joey Dacula Mangadlao, Jaqueline Wallat, Al De Leon, Jonathan K Pokorski, Rigoberto C Advincula
Blending thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) with poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is a proven method to achieve a much more mechanically robust material, whereas the addition of graphene oxide (GO) is increasingly applied in polymer nanocomposites to tailor further their properties. On the other hand, additive manufacturing has high flexibility of structure design which can significantly expand the application of materials in many fields. This study demonstrates the fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printing of TPU/PLA/GO nanocomposites and its potential application as biocompatible materials...
February 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Md Azahar Ali, Kunal Mondal, Yifei Wang, Huawei Jiang, Navreet K Mahal, Michael J Castellano, Ashutosh Sharma, Liang Dong
It is challenging to integrate porous graphene foam (GF) and GF-based nanocomposites into microfluidic channels and even create microfluidic structures within these materials. This is because their irregular interior pore shape and geometry, rough exterior surface, and relatively large material thickness make it difficult to perform conventional photolithography and etching. This challenge has largely hindered the potential of using GF-based materials in microfluidics-based sensors. Here we present a simple approach to create well-defined flow-through channels within or across the GF-based materials, using a liquid-phase photopolymerization method...
December 23, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Yi Guo, Gang Zhao, Naiteng Wu, Yun Zhang, Mingwu Xiang, Bo Wang, Heng Liu, Hao Wu
A modified lyophilization approach is developed and used for highly efficient transformation of 2D graphene oxide sheet into 1D graphene nanoscroll (GNS) with high topological transforming efficiency (∼94%). Because of the unique open tubular structure and large specific surface area (545 m(2) g(-1)), GNS is utilized for the first time as a porous cathode scaffold for encapsulating sulfur with a high loading (81 wt %), and also as a conductive skeleton for assembling MnO2 nanowires into a flexible free-standing hybrid interlayer, both enabling high-rate and long-life Li-S battery...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Qinqin Ma, Lingyan Yang, Ziyun Jiang, Qin Song, Miao Xiao, Dong Zhang, Xun Ma, Tieqiao Wen, Guosheng Cheng
Physical cues of the scaffolds, elasticity, and stiffness significantly guide adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of stem cells. In addressable microenvironments constructed by three-dimensional graphene foams (3D-GFs), neural stem cells (NSCs) interact with and respond to the structural geometry and mechanical properties of porous scaffolds. Our studies aim to investigate NSC behavior on the various stiffness of 3D-GFs. Two kinds of 3D-GFs scaffolds present soft and stiff properties with elasticity moduli of 30 and 64 kPa, respectively...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hyerim Jo, Myeongbu Sim, Semin Kim, Sumi Yang, Youngjae Yoo, Jin-Ho Park, Tae Ho Yoon, Min-Gon Kim, Jae Young Lee
: Graphene and graphene derivatives, such as graphene oxide (GO) and reduced GO (rGO), have been extensively employed as novel components of biomaterials because of their unique electrical and mechanical properties. These materials have also been used to fabricate electrically conductive biomaterials that can effectively deliver electrical signals to biological systems. Recently, increasing attention has been paid to electrically conductive hydrogels that have both electrical activity and a tissue-like softness...
October 27, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Hongya Geng, Xing Liu, Guosheng Shi, Guoying Bai, Ji Ma, Jingbo Chen, Zhuangyuan Wu, Yanlin Song, Haiping Fang, Jianjun Wang
We show graphene oxide (GO) greatly suppresses the growth and recrystallization of ice crystals, and ice crystals display a hexagonal shape in the GO dispersion. Preferred adsorption of GO on the ice crystal surface in liquid water leads to curved ice crystal surface. Therefore, the growth of ice crystal is suppressed owing to the Gibbs-Thompson effect, that is, the curved surface lowers the freezing temperature. Molecular dynamics simulation analysis reveals that oxidized groups on the basal plane of GO form more hydrogen bonds with ice in comparison with liquid water because of the honeycomb hexagonal scaffold of graphene, giving a molecular-level mechanism for controlling ice formation...
December 15, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Arnab Ghosh, Revanasiddappa Manjunatha, Rajat Kumar, Sagar Mitra
Lithium-sulfur batteries mostly suffer from the low utilization of sulfur, poor cycle life, and low rate performances. The prime factors that affect the performance are enormous volume change of the electrode, soluble intermediate product formation, poor electronic and ionic conductivity of S, and end discharge products (i.e., Li2S2 and Li2S). The attractive way to mitigate these challenges underlying in the fabrication of a sulfur nanocomposite electrode consisting of different nanoparticles with distinct properties of lithium storage capability, mechanical reinforcement, and ionic as well as electronic conductivity leading to a mechanically robust and mixed conductive (ionic and electronic conductive) sulfur electrode...
December 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Brian D Holt, Anne M Arnold, Stefanie A Sydlik
Synthetic biomaterials are poised to transform medicine; however, current synthetic options have yet to ideally recapitulate the desirable properties of native tissue. Thus, the development of new synthetic biomaterials remains an active challenge. Due to its excellent properties, including electrical conductivity, water dispersibility, and capacity for functionalization, graphene oxide (GO) holds potential for myriads of applications, including biological devices. While many studies have evaluated the compatibility of freshly prepared GO, understanding the compatibility of GO as it ages in an aqueous environment is crucial for its safe implementation in long-term biological applications...
December 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Motilal Mathesh, Jingquan Liu, Colin J Barrow, Wenrong Yang
The controlled spatial organization or compartmentalization of multi-enzyme cascade reactions to transfer a substrate from one enzyme to another for substrate channeling on scaffolds has sparked increasing interest in recent years. Here, we use graphene oxides to study the dependence of the activity of cascade reactions in a closely packed, randomly immobilized enzyme system on a 2 D scaffold. We first observe that the hydrophobicity of graphene oxides and various enzyme architectures for co-immobilized systems are important attributes for achieving high product-conversion rates...
December 7, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
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