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graphene scaffold

Aoxuan Wang, Shan Tang, Debin Kong, Shan Liu, Kevin Chiou, Linjie Zhi, Jiaxing Huang, Yong-Yao Xia, Jiayan Luo
Bendable energy-storage systems with high energy density are demanded for conformal electronics. Lithium-metal batteries including lithium-sulfur and lithium-oxygen cells have much higher theoretical energy density than lithium-ion batteries. Reckoned as the ideal anode, however, Li has many challenges when directly used, especially its tendency to form dendrite. Under bending conditions, the Li-dendrite growth can be further aggravated due to bending-induced local plastic deformation and Li-filaments pulverization...
November 10, 2017: Advanced Materials
Jie Yang, Peng Yu, Li-Sheng Tang, Rui-Ying Bao, Zheng-Ying Liu, Ming-Bo Yang, Wei Yang
An ice-templating self-assembly strategy and a vacuum impregnation method were used to fabricate polyethylene glycol (PEG)/hierarchical porous scaffold composite phase change materials (PCMs). Hierarchically interconnected porous scaffolds of boron nitride (BN), with the aid of a small amount of graphene oxide (GO), endow the composite PCMs with high thermal conductivity, excellent shape-stability and efficient solar-to-electric energy conversion. The formation of a three-dimensional (3D) thermally conductive pathway in the composites contributes to improving the thermal conductivity up to 2...
November 10, 2017: Nanoscale
Yong Cheol Shin, Su-Jin Song, Suck Won Hong, Seung Jo Jeong, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Jae-Chang Lee, Dong-Wook Han
Because of recent research advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology, there has been a growing interest in functional nanomaterials for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering scaffolds, biosensors, bioimaging agents and drug delivery carriers. Among a great number of promising candidates, graphene and its derivatives-including graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide-have particularly attracted plenty of attention from researchers as novel nanobiomaterials. Graphene and its derivatives, two-dimensional nanomaterials, have been found to have outstanding biocompatibility and biofunctionality as well as exceptional mechanical strength, electrical conductivity and thermal stability...
November 4, 2017: Nanomaterials
Nasrin Shadjou, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Balal Khalilzadeh
Tissue engineering has been emerging as a valid approach to the current therapies for bone regeneration/substitution. Tissue-engineered bone constructs have the potential to alleviate the demand arising from the shortage of suitable autograft and allograft materials for augmenting bone healing. Scaffolds play a central role in tissue engineering research, they not only provide as structural support for specific cells but also provide as the templates to guide new tissue growth and construction. In this survey we describe application of graphene based nano-biomaterials for bone tissue engineering...
November 2, 2017: Bioengineered
Sajedeh Khorshidi, Akbar Karkhaneh
Hydrogel/fiber composites have emerged as compelling scaffolds for regeneration purposes. Any bio-related modification or feature may endow more regenerative functionality to these composites. In the present study, a hydrogel/fiber scaffold possessing electrical conductivity in both phases, hydrogel and fiber, has been prepared and evaluated. Fiber component possessed electrical conductivity due to the presence of polyaniline (PANi) and hydrogel fraction thanks to the presence of graphene nanoparticles. PANi based fibers were processed via electrospinning and transformed into a three-dimensional structure through ultrasonication...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Qingqing Yao, Jiajia Jing, Qingyan Zeng, T L Lu, Yu Liu, Xiao Zheng, Qiang Chen
Recent development of three-dimensional graphene foam (GF) with conductive and interconnected macroporous structure is attracting particular attention as platforms for tissue engineering. However, widespread application of GF as bone scaffolds is restricted due to its poor mechanical property and inert surface character. To overcome these drawbacks, in this study, a bilayered biopolymer coating was designed and successfully deposited covering the entire surface area of GF skeleton. A poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) layer was first dip-coated to strengthen the GF substrate, followed by the electrophoretic codeposition of a hybrid layer, consisting of chitosan and BMP2, to functionalize GF with the ability to recruit and induce osteogenic differentiation of hMSC...
November 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tomokazu Umeyama, Hiroshi Imahori
Over the past several years, organometal halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attracted considerable interest from the scientific research community because of their potential as promising photovoltaic devices for use in renewable energy production. To date, high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of more than 20% have been primarily achieved with mesoscopic-structured PSCs, where a mesoporous TiO2 (mTiO2) layer is incorporated as an electron-transporting mesoporous scaffold into the perovskite crystal, in addition to a compact TiO2 (cTiO2) as an electron-transporting layer (ETL)...
October 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Chuhong Zhu, Xiujuan Wang, Xiaofei Shi, Feng Yang, Guowen Meng, Qizhong Xiong, Yan Ke, Hua Wang, Yilin Lu, Nianqiang Wu
Dithiocarbamate (DTC) pesticides are widely used for fruits, vegetables, and mature crops to control fungal diseases. Their residues in food could pose a threat to human health. Therefore, a surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based (SERS-based) sensor is developed to detect DTC pesticides because SERS can provide the characteristic spectrum of pesticides and avoid the use of a molecular recognition probe in the sensor. For the acquisition of high sensitivity, good anti-interference ability, and robustness of the SERS sensor, a silver nanocube-reduced graphene oxide (AgNC-rGO) sponge is devised...
November 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Navid Samadi, Mohammad Sabzi, Masoud Babaahmadi
The aim of this work was to prepare polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/Agar/Graphene nanocomposite hydrogels through a one-pot and green solution mixing method using water as solvent. Herein a novel strategy for designing stiff, tough and self-healing triple network (TN) hydrogels was proposed. The prepared TN hydrogels composed of strong Agar polysaccharide as the first network, tough PVA biopolymer gel as the second network, and graphene nanoplatelets as the third network. Interestingly, similar to natural biomaterials, all of the networks of the nanocomposite hydrogel were physically cross-linked via dynamic hydrogen bonding associations, i...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Zhong Cheng, Bolaky Landish, Zhang Chi, Cui Nannan, Du Jingyu, Lu Sen, Lin Xiangjin
3Dprinting is defined as the use of printing technology to deposit living cells, and biomaterials on a given /a substrate. Graphene oxide nanoparticles (GO-np) have been used as a delivery vehicle for small molecule drugs in order to investigate the state of GO-np within 3D tissue constructs in terms of a composite 3D printing scaffold, which in turn is relevant to the protection of cartilage. We transplanted rats with hydrogel/GO-np and hydrogel, which in turn showed that hydrogel/GO-np protected the tissue of cartilage by the signal pathway of Rank/Rankl/OPG...
January 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Wenjie Zhang, Guangzheng Yang, Xiansong Wang, Liting Jiang, Fei Jiang, Guanglong Li, Zhiyuan Zhang, Xinquan Jiang
The scaffold-free cell-sheet technique plays a significant role in stem-cell-based regeneration. Furthermore, growth factors are known to direct stem cell differentiation and enhance tissue regeneration. However, the absence of an effective means to incorporate growth factors into the cell sheets hinders further optimization of the regeneration efficiency. Here, a novel design of magnetically controlled "growth-factor-immobilized cell sheets" is reported. A new Fe3 O4 magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) coated with nanoscale graphene oxide (nGO@Fe3 O4 ) is developed to label stem cells and deliver growth factors...
October 9, 2017: Advanced Materials
Yahong Zhao, Jiahuan Gong, Changmei Niu, Ziwei Wei, Jiaqi Shi, Guohui Li, Yumin Yang, Hongbo Wang
Graphene (Gr) has been made of various forms used for repairing peripheral nerve injury with favorable electroactivity, however, graphene-based scaffolds in peripheral nerve regeneration are still rarely reported due to the difficulty of realizing uniform dispersion of graphene and electroactive materials at nanoscale as well as lacking biocompatibility. In this paper, graphene-silk fibroin (SF) composite nanofiber membranes with different mass ratios were prepared via electrospinning. Microscopic observation revealed that electrospun Gr/SF membranes had a nanofibrous structure...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Rajesh Lakshmanan, Nilanjana Maulik
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) rank, next to cancer and stroke, among the deadliest diseases in the world. Among the major CVDs, acute myocardial infarction is a life-threatening disorder resulting from permanent damage to the left ventricular cardiac tissue. The major coronary arteries that supply blood to the functional left ventricle become blocked due to thrombotic plaque occlusion. During myocardial ischemia, oxidative stress and free radicals destroy healthy cardiomyocytes, smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells, followed by degradation of the extracellular matrix, which results in ventricular wall-thinning and dilation...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Yunya Zhang, Zan Gao, Xiaodong Li
An effective strategy to tackle the twin crises of global deforestation and fossil fuel depletion is to recycle biomass materials for energy storage devices. This study reports a unique and innovative solution to capitalize on a currently overlooked resource to produce high-performance lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries from recycled paper. The recycled paper fibers are creatively composited with graphene oxide sheets via a capillary adsorption method. The recycled paper/graphene oxide hybrid is then converted to activated paper carbon/reduced graphene oxide (APC/graphene) scaffold for sulfur infiltration...
September 20, 2017: Small
Jian-De Xie, Siyong Gu, Houan Zhang
This work outlines a synthetic strategy inducing the microwave-assisted synthesis of palladium (Pd) nanocrystals on a graphite sphere (GS) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) supports, forming the Pd catalysts for non-enzymatic glucose oxidation reaction (GOR). The pulse microwave approach takes a short period (i.e., 10 min) to fast synthesize Pd nanocrystals onto a carbon support at 150 °C. The selection of carbon support plays a crucial role in affecting Pd particle size and dispersion uniformity. The robust design of Pd-rGO catalyst electrode displays an enhanced electrocatalytic activity and sensitivity toward GOR...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
Fa-Qian Liu, Li-Li Wang, Guo-Hua Li, Wei Li, Chao-Qin Li
Hierarchically porous materials containing interconnected macro-/meso-/micropores are promising candidates for energy storage, catalysis, and gas separation. Here, we present an effective approach for synthesizing three-dimensional (3D) sulfonated graphene coupled microporous organic polymers (SG-MOPs). The resulting SG-MOPs possess uniform macropores with an average size of ca. 350 nm, abundant mesopores, and micropores with an average size of ca. 0.6 nm. The SG-supported adsorbents exhibit a high nitrogen content (more than 38...
October 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yavuz Oz, Alexandre Barras, Rana Sanyal, Rabah Boukherroub, Sabine Szunerits, Amitav Sanyal
Materials based on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have shown to be amenable to noncovalent functionalization through hydrophobic interactions. The scaffold, however, does not provide sufficient covalent linkage given the low number of reactive carboxyl and alcohol groups typically available on the rGO. The integration of clickable groups, particularly the ones that can undergo efficient conjugation without any metal catalyst, would allow facile functionalization of these materials. This study reports on the noncovalent association of a maleimide-containing catechol (dopa-MAL) surface anchor onto the rGO...
October 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Cristina Martín, Sonia Merino, Jose M González-Domínguez, Rossana Rauti, Laura Ballerini, Maurizio Prato, Ester Vázquez
In tissue engineering strategies, the design of scaffolds based on nanostructures is a subject undergoing intense research: nanomaterials may affect the scaffolds properties, including their ability to interact with cells favouring cell growth and improving tissue performance. Hydrogels are synthetic materials widely used to obtain realistic tissue constructs, as they resemble living tissues. Here, different hydrogels with varying content of graphene, are synthesised by in situ radical polymerization of acrylamide in aqueous graphene dispersions...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yoo-Jung Lee, Tae Hoon Seo, Seul-A Lee, Wonhee Jang, Myung Jong Kim, Jung-Suk Sung
Graphene is a non-cytotoxic monolayer platform with unique physical, chemical, and biological properties. It has been demonstrated that graphene substrate may provide a promising biocompatible scaffold for stem cell therapy. Since chemical vapor deposited graphene has a two dimensional poly-crystalline structure, it is important to control the individual domain size to obtain desirable properties for nano-material. However, the biological effects mediated by differences in domain size of graphene have not yet been reported...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Shanmugam Manivannan, Inhak Kang, Yeji Seo, Hyo-Eon Jin, Seung-Wuk Lee, Kyuwon Kim
We report a virus-incorporated biological template (biotemplate) on electrode surfaces and its use in electrochemical nucleation of metal nanocomposites as an electrocatalytic material for energy applications. The biotemplate was developed with M13 virus (M13) incorporated in a silicate sol-gel matrix as a scaffold to nucleate Au-Pt alloy nanostructures by electrodeposition, together with reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The phage when engineered with Y3E peptides could nucleate Au-Pt alloy nanostructures, which ensured adequate packing density, simultaneous stabilization of rGO, and a significantly increased electrochemically active surface area...
September 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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