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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818783/development-of-a-porous-3d-graphene-pdms-scaffold-for-improved-osseointegration
#1
Jianfeng Li, Xiao Liu, Jeremy M Crook, Gordon G Wallace
Osseointegration in orthopedic surgery plays an important role for bone implantation success. Traditional treatment of implant surface aimed at improved osseointegration has limited capability for its poor performance in supporting cell growth and proliferation. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is a widely used silicon-based organic polymer material with properties that are useful in cosmetics, domestic applications and mechanical engineering. In addition, the biocompatibility of PDMS, in part due to the high solubility of oxygen, makes it an ideal material for cell-based implants...
August 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814149/n-implantation-induce-cytocompatibility-of-shape-controlled-three-dimensional-self-assembly-graphene
#2
Ye Cao, Dejun Li, Mengli Zhao, Huanhuan Gong, Rongxin Wan, Hanqing Gu
AIM: The aim of the present research was to synthesize N(+) implanted 3D self-assembly graphene (N(+)/3D-SGHs) to overcome the weaknesses of graphene (small sizes and poor hydrophilicity) in tissue engineering scaffolds. MATERIALS & METHODS: N(+)/3D-SGHs was achieved by ion implantation on one-step hydrothermal synthesized 3D self-assembly graphene (3D-SGHs), and N(+)/3D-SGHs with different doses of nitrogen ions (1 × 10(16) ions/cm(2), 1 × 10(18) ions/cm(2) and 1 × 10(20) ions/cm(2)), which adjusted by nitrogen ion beam intensity...
August 17, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802737/multi-biofunctional-polymer-graphene-composite-for-bone-tissue-regeneration-that-elutes-copper-ions-to-impart-angiogenic-osteogenic-and-bactericidal-properties
#3
L R Jaidev, Sachin Kumar, Kaushik Chatterjee
Despite several recent advances, poor vascularization in implanted scaffolds impedes complete regeneration for clinical success of bone tissue engineering. The present study aims to develop a multi-biofunctional nanocomposite for bone tissue regeneration using copper nanoparticle decorated reduced graphene oxide (RGO_Cu) hybrid particles in polycaprolactone (PCL) matrix (PCL/RGO_Cu). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction confirmed the presence of copper oxides (CuO and Cu2O) on RGO. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that 11...
August 4, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801095/fabrication-of-chitosan-poly-lactic-acid-graphene-oxide-tio2-composite-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-sustained-delivery-of-doxorubicin-and-treatment-of-lung-cancer
#4
Saman Samadi, Mahboubeh Moradkhani, Hoda Beheshti, Mohammad Irani, Majid Aliabadi
In this work, the synthesized graphene oxide/TiO2/doxorubicin (GO/TiO2/DOX) composites were loaded into the chitosan/poly(lactic acid) (PLA) solutions to fabricate the electrospun chitosan/PLA/GO/TiO2/DOX nanofibrous scaffolds via electrospinning process. The synthesized composites and nanofibers were characterized using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. Three-factor three-level central composite design was used to determine the influence of PLA to chitosan ratio, TiO2/DOX content and GO/TiO2/DOX content on the release of DOX from nanofibrous scaffolds...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800464/accelerated-biomineralization-of-graphene-oxide-incorporated-cellulose-acetate-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-mesenchymal-stem-cell-osteogenesis
#5
Xiaoyun Liu, He Shen, Saijie Song, Wei Chen, Zhijun Zhang
For bone tissue engineering, it requires that the scaffolds have excellent biocompatibility, proper mechanical and osteoinductive properties. Electrospun nanofibers with extracellular matrices mimicking structure have proven to be good scaffolds for bone tissue repairing. Hybrid nanofibers in particular, endow the nanofibers with specific and multiple functionalities, and therefore have attracted increasing interests in the recent years. In this study, we fabricated graphene oxide (GO)-incorporated cellulose acetate (CA) nanofibrous scaffolds by electrospinning technique for enhancement of biomineralization and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs)...
July 29, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796390/two-dimensional-materials-as-prospective-scaffolds-for-mixed-matrix-membrane-based-co2-separation
#6
REVIEW
Xiang Zhu, Chengcheng Tian, Chi-Linh Do-Thanh, Sheng Dai
Membrane-based CO2 separation technology plays a significant role in environmental remediation and clean energy. Two-dimensional (2D) materials with atomically precise structures have emerged as prospective scaffolds to develop mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs) for gas separation. Summarized in this perspective review are the latest breakthrough studies in the synthesis of 2D-material-based MMMs to separate CO2 from gas mixtures. 2D materials including graphene oxide (GO), metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived nanosheets, covalent organic frameworks (COFs), and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), as fascinating building blocks, have been comprehensively summarized, together with a focus on synthetic processes and gas separation properties...
August 10, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782846/defect-engineering-toward-atomic-co-nx-c-in-hierarchical-graphene-for-rechargeable-flexible-solid-zn-air-batteries
#7
Cheng Tang, Bin Wang, Hao-Fan Wang, Qiang Zhang
Rechargeable flexible solid Zn-air battery, with a high theoretical energy density of 1086 Wh kg(-1) , is among the most attractive energy technologies for future flexible and wearable electronics; nevertheless, the practical application is greatly hindered by the sluggish oxygen reduction reaction/oxygen evolution reaction (ORR/OER) kinetics on the air electrode. Precious metal-free functionalized carbon materials are widely demonstrated as the most promising candidates, while it still lacks effective synthetic methodology to controllably synthesize carbocatalysts with targeted active sites...
August 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782166/highly-regioselective-alkylation-of-hexabenzocoronenes-fundamental-insights-into-the-covalent-chemistry-of-graphene
#8
Johannes Holzwarth, Konstantin Y Amsharov, Dmitriy I Sharapa, David Reger, Kateryna Roshchyna, Dominik Lungerich, Norbert Jux, Frank Hauke, Timi Clark, Andreas Hirsch
In this article, we have successfully employed hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronides (HBC) as a model system for investigating the complex mechanism of the reductive functionalization of graphene. The well-defined molecular HBC system enabled us to gain deeper insights into the mechanism of the alkylation of reductively activated nanographenes. The separation and complete characterization of alkylation products clearly demonstrates that nanographene functionalization proceeds with exceptionally high regio- and stereoselectivities on the HBC scaffold...
August 6, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774112/enhancing-the-hydrophilicity-and-cell-attachment-of-3d-printed-pcl-graphene-scaffolds-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#9
Weiguang Wang, Guilherme Caetano, William Stephen Ambler, Jonny James Blaker, Marco Andrey Frade, Parthasarathi Mandal, Carl Diver, Paulo Bártolo
Scaffolds are physical substrates for cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation, ultimately leading to the regeneration of tissues. They must be designed according to specific biomechanical requirements, i.e., certain standards in terms of mechanical properties, surface characteristics, porosity, degradability, and biocompatibility. The optimal design of a scaffold for a specific tissue strongly depends on both materials and manufacturing processes, as well as surface treatment. Polymeric scaffolds reinforced with electro-active particles could play a key role in tissue engineering by modulating cell proliferation and differentiation...
December 7, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773109/thermomechanical-properties-of-polylactic-acid-graphene-composites-a-state-of-the-art-review-for-biomedical-applications
#10
REVIEW
Ilker S Bayer
Due to its biodegradable and bioabsorbable characteristics polylactic acid (PLA) has attracted considerable attention for numerous biomedical applications. Moreover, a number of tissue engineering problems for function restoration of impaired tissues have been addressed by using PLA and its copolymers due to their biocompatibility and distinctive mechanical properties. Recent studies on various stereocomplex formation between enantiomeric PLA, poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) and poly(d-lactide) (PDLA) indicated that stereocomplexation enhances the mechanical properties as well as the thermal- and hydrolysis-resistance of PLA polymers...
July 4, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762866/in-vitro-bioactivity-of-one-and-two-dimensional-nanoparticle-incorporated-bone-tissue-engineering-scaffolds
#11
Jason Thomas Rashkow, Gaurav Lalwani, Balaji Sitharaman
This study investigates the effect of incorporation of one- or two-dimensional nanoparticles with distinct composition and morphology on the bioactivity of biodegradable, biocompatible polymer matrices. 0.2 wt% multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), multiwalled graphene nanoribbons (MWGONRs), graphene nanoplatelets (GONPs), molybdenum disulfide nanoplatelets (MSNPs), or tungsten disulfide nanotubes (WSNTs) were uniformly dispersed in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymer. PLGA or nanoparticle incorporated PLGA were then incubated with simulated body fluid (SBF) under physiological conditions for 1, 3, 7, or 14 days...
August 1, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756854/three-dimensional-carbon-architectures-for-electrochemical-capacitors
#12
REVIEW
Yu Song, Tianyu Liu, Fang Qian, Cheng Zhu, Bin Yao, Eric Duoss, Christopher Spadaccini, Marcus Worsley, Yat Li
Three-dimensional (3D) carbon-based materials are emerging as promising electrode candidates for energy storage devices. In comparison to the 1D and 2D structures, 3D morphology offers new opportunities in rational design and synthesis of novel architectures tailor-made for promoting electrochemical performance. The capability of building hierarchical porous structures with 3D configuration can significantly advance the performance of energy storage devices by simultaneously enhancing the ion-accessible surface area and ion diffusion...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743188/nanocomposite-hydrogels-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering-a-review
#13
Nahideh Asadi, Effat Alizadeh, Roya Salehi, Bahar Khalandi, Soodabeh Davaran, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh
The loss of cartilaginous tissues is an important challenge to orthopaedic surgeons. Injury to cartilage tissue due to its properties is along with movement difficulties. Tissue engineering is a developing field that can be used for regeneration or replacement of damaged tissues. In this field, an appropriate scaffold that support the recruitment, adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of cells is necessary. Hydrogels recently considered as materials that resemble the extracellular matrix (ECM) and efficiently replace defective tissues, but they have limited mechanical strength...
July 25, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740639/rgd-peptide-and-graphene-oxide-co-functionalized-plga-nanofiber-scaffolds-for-vascular-tissue-engineering
#14
Yong Cheol Shin, Jeonghyo Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Su-Jin Song, Suck Won Hong, Jin-Woo Oh, Jaebeom Lee, Jong-Chul Park, Suong-Hyu Hyon, Dong-Wook Han
In recent years, much research has been suggested and examined for the development of tissue engineering scaffolds to promote cellular behaviors. In our study, RGD peptide and graphene oxide (GO) co-functionalized poly(lactide-co-glycolide, PLGA) (RGD-GO-PLGA) nanofiber mats were fabricated via electrospinning, and their physicochemical and thermal properties were characterized to explore their potential as biofunctional scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the RGD-GO-PLGA nanofiber mats were readily fabricated and composed of random-oriented electrospun nanofibers with average diameter of 558 nm...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731224/extremely-low-density-and-super-compressible-graphene-cellular-materials
#15
Ling Qiu, Bing Huang, Zijun He, Yuanyuan Wang, Zhiming Tian, Jefferson Zhe Liu, Kun Wang, Jingchao Song, Thomas R Gengenbach, Dan Li
Development of extremely low density graphene elastomer (GE) holds the potential to enable new properties that traditional cellular materials cannot offer, which are promising for a range of emerging applications, ranging from flexible electronics to multifunctional scaffolds. However, existing graphene foams with extremely low density are generally found to have very poor mechanical resilience. It is scientifically intriguing but remains unresolved whether and how the density limit of this class of cellular materials can be further pushed down while their mechanical resilience is being retained...
July 21, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727416/in-situ-electrochemical-sensing-and-real-time-monitoring-live-cells-based-on-freestanding-nanohybrid-paper-electrode-assembled-from-3d-functionalized-graphene-framework
#16
Yan Zhang, Jian Xiao, Qi-Ying Lv, Lu Wang, Xulin Dong, Muhammad Asif, Jinghua Ren, Wenshan He, Yimin Sun, Fei Xiao, Shuai Wang
In this work, we develop a new type of freestanding nanohybrid paper electrode assembled from 3D ionic liquid (IL) functionalized graphene framework (GF) decorated by gold nanoflowers (AuNFs), and explore its practical application in in-situ electrochemical sensing of live breast cell samples by real-time tracking biomarker H2O2 released from cells. The AuNFs modified IL functionalized GF (AuNFs/IL-GF) was synthesized via a facile and efficient dopamine assisted one-pot self-assembly strategy. The as-obtained nanohybrid assembly exhibits a typical 3D hierarchical porous structure, where the highly active electrocatalyst AuNFs are well dispersed on IL-GF scaffold...
July 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720867/graphene-microfiber-as-a-scaffold-for-regulation-of-neural-stem-cells-differentiation
#17
Weibo Guo, Jichuan Qiu, Jingquan Liu, Hong Liu
We report the cytocompatibility and regulating effects of the nanostructured reduced graphene oxide (rGO) microfibers, which are synthesized through a capillary hydrothermal method, on neural differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs). Our findings indicate that the flexible, mechanically strong, surface nanoporous, biodegradable, and cytocompatible nanostructured rGO microfibers not only offer a more powerful substrate for NSCs adhesion and proliferation compared with 2D graphene film and tissue cluture plate but also regulate the NSCs differentiation into neurons and form a dense neural network surrounding the microfiber...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715228/mid-infrared-plasmonic-circular-dichroism-generated-by-graphene-nanodisk-assemblies
#18
Xiang-Tian Kong, Runbo Zhao, Zhiming Wang, Alexander O Govorov
It is very interesting to bring plasmonic circular dichroism spectroscopy to the mid-infrared spectral interval, and there are two reasons for this. This spectral interval is very important for thermal bioimaging, and simultaneously, this spectral range includes vibrational lines of many chiral biomolecules. Here we demonstrate that graphene plasmons indeed offer such opportunity. In particular, we show that chiral graphene assemblies consisting of a few graphene nanodisks can generate strong circular dichroism (CD) in the mid-infrared interval...
July 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691869/composite-electrospun-nanofibers-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-grafted-with-poly-3-dodecylthiophene-and-poly-3-thiophene-ethanol-and-blended-with-polycaprolactone
#19
Raana Sarvari, Somaye Sattari, Bakhshali Massoumi, Samira Agbolaghi, Younes Beygi-Khosrowshahi, Amir Kahaie-Khosrowshahi
In this paper, an effective method was employed for preparation of nanofibers using conducting polymer-functionalized reduced graphene oxide (rGO). First, graphene oxide (GO) was obtained from graphite by Hommer method. GO was reduced to rGO by NaBH4 and covalently functionalized with a 3-thiophene acetic acid (TAA) by an esterification reaction to reach 3-thiophene acetic acid-functionalized reduced graphene oxide macromonomer (rGO-f-TAAM). Afterward, rGO-f-TAAM was copolymerized with 3-dodecylthiophene (3DDT) and 3-thiophene ethanol (3TEt) to yield rGO-f-TAA-co-PDDT (rGO-g-PDDT) and rGO-f-TAA-co-P3TEt (rGO-g-PTEt), which were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectra...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691792/high-performance-li-se-batteries-enabled-by-selenium-storage-in-bottom-up-synthesized-nitrogen-doped-carbon-scaffolds
#20
Hongling Lv, Renpeng Chen, Xiaoqi Wang, Yi Hu, Yanrong Wang, Tao Chen, Lianbo Ma, Guoyin Zhu, Jia Liang, Zuoxiu Tie, Jie Liu, Zhong Jin
Selenium (Se) has great promise to serve as cathode material for rechargeable batteries because of its good conductivity and high theoretical volumetric energy density comparable to sulfur. Herein, we report the preparation of mesoporous nitrogen-doped carbon scaffolds (NCSs) to restrain selenium for advanced lithium-selenium (Li-Se) batteries. The NCSs synthesized by a bottom-up solution-phase method have graphene-like laminar structure and well-distributed mesopores. The unique architecture of NCSs can severe as conductive framework for encapsulating selenium and polyselenides, and provide sufficient pathways to facilitate ion transport...
July 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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