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graphene scaffold

Brian D Holt, Anne M Arnold, Stefanie A Sydlik
Synthetic biomaterials are poised to transform medicine; however, current synthetic options have yet to ideally recapitulate the desirable properties of native tissue. Thus, the development of new synthetic biomaterials remains an active challenge. Due to its excellent properties, including electrical conductivity, water dispersibility, and capacity for functionalization, graphene oxide (GO) holds potential for myriads of applications, including biological devices. While many studies have evaluated the compatibility of freshly prepared GO, understanding the compatibility of GO as it ages in an aqueous environment is crucial for its safe implementation in long-term biological applications...
December 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Motilal Mathesh, Jingquan Liu, Colin J Barrow, Wenrong Yang
The controlled spatial organization or compartmentalization of multi-enzyme cascade reactions to transfer a substrate from one enzyme to another for substrate channeling on scaffolds has sparked increasing interest in recent years. Here, we use graphene oxides to study the dependence of the activity of cascade reactions in a closely packed, randomly immobilized enzyme system on a 2 D scaffold. We first observe that the hydrophobicity of graphene oxides and various enzyme architectures for co-immobilized systems are important attributes for achieving high product-conversion rates...
December 7, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Florina Teodorescu, Gurvan Quéniat, Catherine Foulon, Marie Lecoeur, Alexandre Barras, Samia Boulahneche, Mohmaed Salah Medjram, Thomas Hubert, Amar Abderrahmani, Rabah Boukherroub, Sabine Szunerits
The development of a skin-mounted patch capable of controlled transcutaneous delivery of therapeutics through thermal activation provides a unique solution for the controlled release of active principles over long-term periods. Here, we report on a flexible transdermal patch for photothermal triggered release of ondansetron (ODS), a commonly used drug for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and used as model compound here. To achieve this, a dispersion of ODS-loaded reduced graphene oxide (rGO-ODS) nanosheets were deposited onto Kapton to produce a flexible polyimide-based patch...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Nidhi Pal, Poornima Dubey, P Gopinath, Kaushik Pal
In the present study, cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were successfully synthesized via acid hydrolysis and modified Hummer's method, respectively. Further, the synthesized CNCs and rGO were incorporated into poly-lactic acid (PLA) matrix using solution casting method utilizing different weight (wt.) % of CNCs (nanofiller) and rGO. The successful synthesis of various nanoformulations were confirmed by several characterization techniques including Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Guan-Yu Chen, Zeyang Li, Joao N Duarte, Alexandre Esteban, Ross W Cheloha, Christopher S Theile, Gerald R Fink, Hidde L Ploegh
Current techniques to characterize leukocyte subgroups in blood require long sample preparation times and sizable sample volumes. A simplified method for leukocyte characterization using smaller blood volumes would thus be useful in diagnostic settings. Here we describe a flow system comprised of two functionalized graphene oxide (GO) surfaces that allow the capture of distinct leukocyte populations from small volumes blood using camelid single-domain antibodyfragments (VHHs) as capture agents. We used site-specifically labeled leukocytes to detect and identify cells exposed to fungal challenge...
October 5, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Sepidar Sayyar, Miina Bjorninen, Suvi Haimi, Susanna Miettinen, Kerry Gilmore, Dirk W Grijpma, Gordon G Wallace
Conductive, flexible graphene/poly(trimethylene carbonate)(PTMC) composites (PTMC-CCG) were prepared. Addition of just 3 wt.% graphene to PTMC oligomers functionalized with methacrylate end-groups followed by UV-crosslinking results in more than 100% improvement in tensile strength and enhanced electrical conductivity by orders of magnitude without altering the processability of the host material. The addition of graphene also enhances mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) attachment and proliferation. When electrical stimulation via the composite material is applied, MSC viability is not compromised and osteogenic markers are upregulated...
October 26, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Brian D Holt, Zoe M Wright, Anne M Arnold, Stefanie A Sydlik
Graphene oxide (GO), the oxidized form of graphene, holds great potential as a component of biomedical devices, deriving utility from its ability to support a broad range of chemical functionalities and its exceptional mechanical, electronic, and thermal properties. GO composites can be tuned chemically to be biomimetic, and mechanically to be stiff yet strong. These unique properties make GO-based materials promising candidates as a scaffold for bone regeneration. However, questions still exist as to the compatibility and long-term toxicity of nanocarbon materials...
October 26, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
Ya Gao, Yingbo Wang, Yimin Wang, Wenguo Cui
A major goal of biomimetics is the development of chemical compositions and structures that simulate the extracellular matrix. In this study, gelatin-based electrospun composite fibrous membranes were prepared by electrospinning to generate bone scaffold materials. The gelatin-based multicomponent composite fibers were fabricated using co-electrospinning, and the composite fibers of chitosan (CS), gelatin (Gel), hydroxyapatite (HA), and graphene oxide (GO) were successfully fabricated for multi-function characteristics of biomimetic scaffolds...
October 21, 2016: Marine Drugs
Katarzyna Szot-Karpińska, Piotr Golec, Adam Lesniewski, Barbara Palys, Frank Marken, Joanna Niedziółka-Jönsson, Grzegorz Wegrzyn, Marcin Łoś
With the advent of nanotechnology, carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanofibers (CNF) have aroused substantial interest in various research fields including energy storage and sensing. Further improvement of their properties might be achieved via application of viral particles such as bacteriophages. In this report we present a filamentous M13 bacteriophage, with a point mutation in gene VII (pVII-mutant-M13), that selectively binds to the carbon nanofibers to form 3D structures. The phage-display technique was utilized for the selection of the pVII-mutant-M13 phage from the phage display peptide library...
October 17, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Wei Liu, Jing-Yao Liu, Mao-Sheng Miao
Tuning electronic structures and properties through chemical modifications has become the focus of recent research on graphene. The adsorption of metal atoms on graphene showed strong potential but is limited due to weak binding. On the other hand, macrocyclic molecules are well known for their strong and selective binding with metal atoms in solutions through coordination bonds. The alliance of the two substances will largely benefit the two parallel fields: it will provide a scaffold for coordination chemistry as well as a controllable method for tuning the electronic structure of graphene through strong binding with metals...
October 12, 2016: Nanoscale
Shi Wun Tong, Janardhan Balapanuru, Deyi Fu, Kian Ping Loh
In the short time since its discovery, perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attained high power conversion efficiency but their lack of thermal stability remains a barrier to commercialization. Among the experimentally accessible parameter space for optimizing performance, identifying an electron transport layer (ETL) that forms a thermally stable interface with perovskite and which is solution-processible at low-temperature will certainly be advantageous. Herein, we developed a mesoporous graphene/polymer composite with these advantages when used as ETL in CH3NH3PbI3 PSCs, and a high efficiency of 13...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sachin Kumar, Kaushik Chatterjee
Recent research suggests that graphene holds great potential in the biomedical field because of its extraordinary properties. Whereas initial attempts focused on the use of suspended graphene for drug delivery and bioimaging, more recent work has demonstrated its advantages for preparing substrates for tissue engineering and biomedical devices and products. Cells are known to interact with and respond to nanoparticles differently when presented in the form of a substrate than in the form of a suspension. In tissue engineering, a stable and supportive substrate or scaffold is needed to provide mechanical support, chemical stimuli, and biological signals to cells...
October 4, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ali H Palejwala, Jared S Fridley, Javier A Mata, Errol L G Samuel, Thomas G Luerssen, Laszlo Perlaky, Thomas A Kent, James M Tour, Andrew Jea
BACKGROUND: Graphene has unique electrical, physical, and chemical properties that may have great potential as a bioscaffold for neuronal regeneration after spinal cord injury. These nanoscaffolds have previously been shown to be biocompatible in vitro; in the present study, we wished to evaluate its biocompatibility in an in vivo spinal cord injury model. METHODS: Graphene nanoscaffolds were prepared by the mild chemical reduction of graphene oxide. Twenty Wistar rats (19 male and 1 female) underwent hemispinal cord transection at approximately the T2 level...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Anshun Zhao, Zhaowei Zhang, Penghui Zhang, Shuang Xiao, Lu Wang, Yue Dong, Hao Yuan, Peiwu Li, Yimin Sun, Xueliang Jiang, Fei Xiao
Recent advances in on-body wearable medical apparatus and implantable devices drive the development of light-weight and bendable electrochemical sensors, which require the design of high-performance flexible electrode system. In this work, we reported a new type of freestanding and flexible electrode based on graphene paper (GP) supported 3D monolithic nanoporous gold (NPG) scaffold (NPG/GP), which was further modified by a layer of highly dense, well dispersed and ultrafine binary PtCo alloy nanoparticles via a facile and effective ultrasonic electrodeposition method...
September 28, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Keyu Xie, Wenfei Wei, Kai Yuan, Wei Lu, Min Guo, Zhihua Li, Qiang Song, Xingrui Liu, Jian-Gan Wang, Chao Shen
Owing to its ultrahigh specific capacity and low electrochemical potential, lithium (Li) metal is regarded as one of the most attractive anode materials for next-generation lithium batteries. Nevertheless, the commercialization of Li-metal-based rechargeable batteries (LiMBs) has been retarded by the uncontrollable growth of Li dendrites, as well as the resulting poor cycle stability and safety hazards. In this work, a 3D graphene@Ni scaffold has been proposed to accomplish dendrite-free Li deposition via structural and interfacial synergistic effects...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tao Zeng, Haiyan Zhang, Zhiqiao He, Jianmeng Chen, Shuang Song
Heterogeneous sulphate radical based advanced oxidation processes (SR-AOPs) have lately been raised as a promising candidate for water treatment. Despite the progress made, either the stability or the performance of the current catalysts is still far from satisfactory for practical applications. Herein, using polydopamine-cobalt ion complex that inspired by mussel proteins as medium, we facilely fabricate a robust SR-AOPs catalyst with cobalt nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide matrix (NRGO@Co)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sayed Habib Kazemi, Elham Ghodsi, Siamak Abdollahi, Samad Nadri
Herein, we report the fabrication of a novel label-free impedimetric biosensor employing porous graphene oxide (PrGO) nanostructures for the specific detection of cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) to establish the myocardial infarction (MI). This nano-immunosensor demonstrates an outstanding selectivity and high sensitivity towards the human-cTnI analyte. An excellent detection limit of 0.07ngmL(-1) and dynamic linear range of 0.1-10ngmL(-1) were calculated for anti-cTnI/PrGO/GC. Finally, this biosensor was employed to check the concentration of the MI biomarker in real clinical samples and the results are in good agreement with standard enzyme-linked fluorescence assay (ELFA) method...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Bo-Tau Liu, Kuan-Han Wu, Rong-Ho Lee
In this study, we prepared the reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) hybrid films on a three-layer scaffold that the QD layer was sandwiched between the two rGO layers. The photocurrent was induced by virtue of the facts that the rGO quenched the photoluminescence of QDs and transferred the excited energy. The quenching mechanism was attributed to the surface energy transfer, supported in our experimental results. We found that the optoelectronic conversion efficiency of the hybrid films can be significantly improved by incorporating the silver nanowires (AgNWs) into the QD layer...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Lin Wu, Yufang Hu, Yuhong Sha, Wenrou Li, Tiantian Yan, Sui Wang, Xing Li, Zhiyong Guo, Jun Zhou, Xiurong Su
A novel "in-electrode"-type electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for the sensitive detection of squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) was constructed using magnetic graphene oxide (nanoFe3O4@GO) and Au nanoparticles/graphitic-phase carbon nitride (AuNPs/g-C3N4). The capture probe was prepared by immobilizing the primary antibody of SCCA (Ab1) on the nanoFe3O4@GO, while the AuNPs/g-C3N4 nanocomposites labelled the secondary antibody of SCCA (Ab2), which acted as a signal tag. The recognition scaffold was the following: the capture probe was immobilized onto the magnetic electrode surface that caught the target SCCA and finally allowed the immobilization of the signal tag via the interaction between antigen and antibody...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
Ziyun Jiang, Qin Song, Mingliang Tang, Lingyan Yang, Yilin Cheng, Min Zhang, Dongsheng Xu, Guosheng Cheng
One of the key challenges in engineering neural tissues for cell-based therapies is to develop a biocompatible scaffold material to direct neural stem cell (NSC) behaviors. One great advantage for a scaffold would be to induce NSC migration toward pathological sites during regeneration and repair. In particular, the inflammatory responses in the pathological zone, which are mainly mediated by microglia in the central nervous system, affect the repair capacity of NSCs through NSC migration. Recently, graphene was used as a neural interface and scaffold material, but few studies have addressed the relationship between microglia and NSCs in a graphene culture system...
September 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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