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graphene scaffold

Chunyong Liang, Yongchao Luo, Guodong Yang, Dan Xia, Lei Liu, Xiaomin Zhang, Hongshui Wang
Biodegradable porous biomaterial scaffolds play a critical role in bone regeneration. In this study, the porous nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen/poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/graphene oxide (nHAC/PLGA/GO) composite scaffolds containing different amount of GO were fabricated by freeze-drying method. The results show that the synthesized scaffolds possess a three-dimensional porous structure. GO slightly improves the hydrophilicity of the scaffolds and reinforces their mechanical strength. Young's modulus of the 1...
January 11, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Shu-Dong Wang, Qian Ma, Ke Wang, Pi-Bo Ma
Silk fibroin (SF) is blended with graphene oxide (GO) to prepare the strong and biocompatible three dimensional porous SF/GO blended scaffold via phase separation. GO could be well dispersed in SF solution and GO could also be well distributed in the SF scaffold. Furthermore, the introduction of GO can lead to structural change in the bended scaffold. Higher concentration of GO resulted in more compact structure and smaller pore size of the composite scaffolds without decreasing their porosity. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry results also reveal that SF and GO are homogeneous blended together...
January 7, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Flavia Vitale, Daniel Vercosa, Alexander V Rodriguez, Sushma Sri Pamulapati, Frederik Seibt, Eric Lewis, Jiaxi Stephen Yan, Krishna Badhiwala, Mohammed Adnan, Gianni Royer-Carfagni, Michael Beierlein, Caleb Kemere, Matteo Pasquali, Jacob Robinson
Soft and conductive nanomaterials like carbon nanotubes, graphene, and nanowire scaffolds have expanded the family of ultra-flexible microelectrodes that can bend and flex with the natural movement of the brain, reduce the inflammatory response and improve the stability of long-term neural recordings. However, current methods to implant these highly flexible electrodes rely on temporary stiffening agents that temporarily increase the electrode size and stiffness thus aggravating neural damage during implantation, which can lead to cell loss and glial activation that persists even after the stiffening agents are removed or dissolve...
December 8, 2017: Nano Letters
Anca Hermenean, Ada Codreanu, Hildegard Herman, Cornel Balta, Marcel Rosu, Ciprian Valentin Mihali, Alexandra Ivan, Sorina Dinescu, Mariana Ionita, Marieta Costache
Limited self-regenerating capacity of human skeleton makes the reconstruction of critical size bone defect a significant challenge for clinical practice. Aimed for regenerating bone tissues, this study was designed to investigate osteogenic differentiation, along with bone repair capacity of 3D chitosan (CHT) scaffolds enriched with graphene oxide (GO) in critical-sized mouse calvarial defect. Histopathological/histomorphometry and scanning electron microscopy(SEM) analysis of the implants revealed larger amount of new bone in the CHT/GO-filled defects compared with CHT alone (pā€‰<ā€‰0...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chuan Fu, Haotian Bai, Jiaqi Zhu, Zhihao Niu, Yu Wang, Jianan Li, Xiaoyu Yang, Yunshen Bai
One of the goals of bone tissue engineering is to mimic native ECM in architecture and function, creating scaffolds with excellent biocompatibility, osteoinductive ability and mechanical properties. The aim of this study was to fabricate nanofibrous matrices by electrospinning a blend of poly (L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), hydroxyapatite (HA), and grapheme oxide (GO) as a favourable platform for bone tissue engineering. The morphology, biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and biological activity of all nanofibrous matrices were compared...
2017: PloS One
Wenhua Cheng, Yunhua Chen, Lijing Teng, Bingheng Lu, Li Ren, Yingjun Wang
Hydrogels are promising 3D materials that have demonstrated increasing applications in the encapsulation and delivery of drugs and cells. Herein we report an injectable colloidal hydrogel that directly assembled by graphene oxide (GO) and thermo-sensitive nanogels (tNG). The pH dependent hydrogen bonding interactions between the carboxyl and oxethyl groups induce the reversible assembly of GO and nanogels. The hydrogel is mouldable and can be shaped into different macroscopic objects, and the mechanical strengths are tunable with pH and temperature adjustment...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Zebin Huang, Jiankun Xu, Jiebin Chen, Hongjiang Chen, Hailong Wang, Zhonglian Huang, Youbin Chen, Xiaolin Lu, Fushen Lu, Jun Hu
The aim of this study was to evaluate the direct photoacoustic (PA) effect on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) which is a key cell source for osteogenesis. As scaffold is also an indispensable element for tissue regeneration, here we firstly fabricated a composited sheet using polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) mixing with graphene oxide (GO). BMSCs were seeded on the PLGA-GO sheets and received PA treatment in vitro for 3, 9 and 15 days, respectively. Then the BMSCs were harvested and subjected to assess alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium content and osteopontin (OPN) on 3, 9 and 15 days...
November 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
P R Sivashankari, A Moorthi, K Mohamed Abudhahir, M Prabaharan
Hydroxypropyl chitosan (HPCH), a water soluble derivative of chitosan, is widely considered for tissue engineering and wound healing applications due to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. Graphene oxide (GO) is a carbon-based nanomaterial which is capable of imparting desired properties to the scaffolds. Hence, the integration of GO into HPCH could allow for the production of HPCH-based scaffolds with improved swelling character, mechanical strength, and stability aimed at being used in tissue engineering...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Tengfei Zhou, Guo Li, Shiyu Lin, Taoran Tian, Quanquan Ma, Qi Zhang, Sirong Shi, Changyue Xue, Wenjuan Ma, Xiaoxiao Cai, Yunfeng Lin
Bone tissue engineering emerges as an advantageous technique to achieve tissue regeneration. Scaffolds for it must present excellent biomechanical properties where bare polymers poorly perform. Development for new biomaterials with high osteogenic capacity is urgently pursued. In this study, an electrospun poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate/graphene oxide (P34HB/GO) nanofibrous scaffold is successfully fabricated and characterized. The effects of GO amount on scaffold morphology, biomechanical properties, and cellular behaviors are investigated...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Aoxuan Wang, Shan Tang, Debin Kong, Shan Liu, Kevin Chiou, Linjie Zhi, Jiaxing Huang, Yong-Yao Xia, Jiayan Luo
Bendable energy-storage systems with high energy density are demanded for conformal electronics. Lithium-metal batteries including lithium-sulfur and lithium-oxygen cells have much higher theoretical energy density than lithium-ion batteries. Reckoned as the ideal anode, however, Li has many challenges when directly used, especially its tendency to form dendrite. Under bending conditions, the Li-dendrite growth can be further aggravated due to bending-induced local plastic deformation and Li-filaments pulverization...
November 10, 2017: Advanced Materials
Jie Yang, Peng Yu, Li-Sheng Tang, Rui-Ying Bao, Zheng-Ying Liu, Ming-Bo Yang, Wei Yang
An ice-templating self-assembly strategy and a vacuum impregnation method were used to fabricate polyethylene glycol (PEG)/hierarchical porous scaffold composite phase change materials (PCMs). Hierarchically interconnected porous scaffolds of boron nitride (BN), with the aid of a small amount of graphene oxide (GO), endow the composite PCMs with high thermal conductivity, excellent shape-stability and efficient solar-to-electric energy conversion. The formation of a three-dimensional (3D) thermally conductive pathway in the composites contributes to improving the thermal conductivity up to 2...
November 23, 2017: Nanoscale
Yong Cheol Shin, Su-Jin Song, Suck Won Hong, Seung Jo Jeong, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Jae-Chang Lee, Dong-Wook Han
Because of recent research advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology, there has been a growing interest in functional nanomaterials for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering scaffolds, biosensors, bioimaging agents and drug delivery carriers. Among a great number of promising candidates, graphene and its derivatives-including graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide-have particularly attracted plenty of attention from researchers as novel nanobiomaterials. Graphene and its derivatives, two-dimensional nanomaterials, have been found to have outstanding biocompatibility and biofunctionality as well as exceptional mechanical strength, electrical conductivity and thermal stability...
November 4, 2017: Nanomaterials
Nasrin Shadjou, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Balal Khalilzadeh
Tissue engineering has been emerging as a valid approach to the current therapies for bone regeneration/substitution. Tissue-engineered bone constructs have the potential to alleviate the demand arising from the shortage of suitable autograft and allograft materials for augmenting bone healing. Scaffolds play a central role in tissue engineering research, they not only provide as structural support for specific cells but also provide as the templates to guide new tissue growth and construction. In this survey we describe application of graphene based nano-biomaterials for bone tissue engineering...
November 2, 2017: Bioengineered
Sajedeh Khorshidi, Akbar Karkhaneh
Hydrogel/fiber composites have emerged as compelling scaffolds for regeneration purposes. Any bio-related modification or feature may endow more regenerative functionality to these composites. In the present study, a hydrogel/fiber scaffold possessing electrical conductivity in both phases, hydrogel and fiber, has been prepared and evaluated. Fiber component possessed electrical conductivity due to the presence of polyaniline (PANi) and hydrogel fraction thanks to the presence of graphene nanoparticles. PANi based fibers were processed via electrospinning and transformed into a three-dimensional structure through ultrasonication...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Qingqing Yao, Jiajia Jing, Qingyan Zeng, T L Lu, Yu Liu, Xiao Zheng, Qiang Chen
Recent development of three-dimensional graphene foam (GF) with conductive and interconnected macroporous structure is attracting particular attention as platforms for tissue engineering. However, widespread application of GF as bone scaffolds is restricted due to its poor mechanical property and inert surface character. To overcome these drawbacks, in this study, a bilayered biopolymer coating was designed and successfully deposited covering the entire surface area of GF skeleton. A poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) layer was first dip-coated to strengthen the GF substrate, followed by the electrophoretic codeposition of a hybrid layer, consisting of chitosan and BMP2, to functionalize GF with the ability to recruit and induce osteogenic differentiation of hMSC...
November 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tomokazu Umeyama, Hiroshi Imahori
Over the past several years, organometal halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attracted considerable interest from the scientific research community because of their potential as promising photovoltaic devices for use in renewable energy production. To date, high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of more than 20% have been primarily achieved with mesoscopic-structured PSCs, where a mesoporous TiO2 (mTiO2) layer is incorporated as an electron-transporting mesoporous scaffold into the perovskite crystal, in addition to a compact TiO2 (cTiO2) as an electron-transporting layer (ETL)...
November 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Chuhong Zhu, Xiujuan Wang, Xiaofei Shi, Feng Yang, Guowen Meng, Qizhong Xiong, Yan Ke, Hua Wang, Yilin Lu, Nianqiang Wu
Dithiocarbamate (DTC) pesticides are widely used for fruits, vegetables, and mature crops to control fungal diseases. Their residues in food could pose a threat to human health. Therefore, a surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based (SERS-based) sensor is developed to detect DTC pesticides because SERS can provide the characteristic spectrum of pesticides and avoid the use of a molecular recognition probe in the sensor. For the acquisition of high sensitivity, good anti-interference ability, and robustness of the SERS sensor, a silver nanocube-reduced graphene oxide (AgNC-rGO) sponge is devised...
November 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Navid Samadi, Mohammad Sabzi, Masoud Babaahmadi
The aim of this work was to prepare polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/Agar/Graphene nanocomposite hydrogels through a one-pot and green solution mixing method using water as solvent. Herein a novel strategy for designing stiff, tough and self-healing triple network (TN) hydrogels was proposed. The prepared TN hydrogels composed of strong Agar polysaccharide as the first network, tough PVA biopolymer gel as the second network, and graphene nanoplatelets as the third network. Interestingly, similar to natural biomaterials, all of the networks of the nanocomposite hydrogel were physically cross-linked via dynamic hydrogen bonding associations, i...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Zhong Cheng, Bolaky Landish, Zhang Chi, Cui Nannan, Du Jingyu, Lu Sen, Lin Xiangjin
3Dprinting is defined as the use of printing technology to deposit living cells, and biomaterials on a given /a substrate. Graphene oxide nanoparticles (GO-np) have been used as a delivery vehicle for small molecule drugs in order to investigate the state of GO-np within 3D tissue constructs in terms of a composite 3D printing scaffold, which in turn is relevant to the protection of cartilage. We transplanted rats with hydrogel/GO-np and hydrogel, which in turn showed that hydrogel/GO-np protected the tissue of cartilage by the signal pathway of Rank/Rankl/OPG...
January 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Wenjie Zhang, Guangzheng Yang, Xiansong Wang, Liting Jiang, Fei Jiang, Guanglong Li, Zhiyuan Zhang, Xinquan Jiang
The scaffold-free cell-sheet technique plays a significant role in stem-cell-based regeneration. Furthermore, growth factors are known to direct stem cell differentiation and enhance tissue regeneration. However, the absence of an effective means to incorporate growth factors into the cell sheets hinders further optimization of the regeneration efficiency. Here, a novel design of magnetically controlled "growth-factor-immobilized cell sheets" is reported. A new Fe3 O4 magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) coated with nanoscale graphene oxide (nGO@Fe3 O4 ) is developed to label stem cells and deliver growth factors...
October 9, 2017: Advanced Materials
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