keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Panax ginseng

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231544/ginsenoside-rg3-promotes-cytotoxicity-of-paclitaxel-through-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-and-regulating-bax-bcl-2-expression-on-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#1
Zuguo Yuan, Hao Jiang, Xinhai Zhu, Xinge Liu, Jinhui Li
Taxane-based chemotherapy regimen is the most effective therapeutic strategy for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) which is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer with high rate of recurrence and distant metastasis. Ginsenoside Rg3 is isolated from Panax ginseng with anti-cancer activity against carcinomas. We aim to evaluate the chemosensitizing effects of Ginsenoside Rg3 on TNBC cells and xenograft and explore the underlying mechanism. Human triple-negative breast cancer lines MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-453 and BT-549 were used...
February 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167883/enhancement-of-seed-dehiscence-by-seed-treatment-with-talaromyces-flavus-gg01-and-gg04-in-ginseng-panax-ginseng
#2
Min-Jeong Kim, Chang-Ki Shim, Yong-Ki Kim, Sung-Jun Hong, Jong-Ho Park, Eun-Jung Han, Seok-Cheol Kim
Seed dehiscence of ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Mayer) is affected by moisture, temperature, storage conditions and microbes. Several microbes were isolated from completely dehisced seed coat of ginseng cultivars, Chunpoong and Younpoong at Gumsan, Korea. We investigated the potential of five Talaromyces flavus isolates from the dehiscence of ginseng seed in four traditional stratification facilities. The isolates showed antagonistic activities against fungal plant pathogens, such as Cylindrocarpon destructans, Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia nivalis, Botrytis cinerea, and Phytophthora capsici...
February 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165424/changbai-mountain-ginseng-panax-ginseng-c-a-mey-extract-supplementation-improves-exercise-performance-and-energy-utilization-and-decreases-fatigue-associated-parameters-in-mice
#3
Guo-Dong Ma, Chun-Hui Chiu, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chien-Wen Hou, Yi-Ming Chen, Chi-Chang Huang
Changbai Mountain Ginseng (CMG, Panax ginseng C.A. Mey) is a traditional medicine commonly found in Northeast China and grows at elevations of 2000 m or higher in the Changbai Mountain Range. CMG, considered to be a "buried treasure medicine", is priced higher than other types of ginseng. However, few studies have demonstrated the effects of CMG supplementation on exercise performance, physical fatigue, and the biochemical profile. The major compound of CMG extract was characterized by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS)...
February 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156612/effects-of-high-dose-asian-ginseng-panax-ginseng-to-improve-cancer-related-fatigue-results-of-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Nizar M Tannir, Janet L Williams, Kenneth R Hess, Susan Frisbee-Hume, Helen L House, Frank V Fossella, Zita Dubauskas Lim, Gabriel Lopez, Akhila Sunkepally Reddy, Ahsan Azhar, Angelique Wong, Sunil M Patel, Ahmed Omar Kaseb, Wen-Jen Hwu, Zhanni Lu, Lorenzo Cohen, Eduardo Bruera
: 209 Background: Cancer related fatigue (CRF) is the most common and disabling symptom in cancer.Panax ginseng extract (PG) is frequently used as a nutraceutical treatment for fatigue. There are no well-powered placebo-controlled trials that used validated CRF outcome measures to investigate of PG effects in cancer patients. The primary objective of this trial was to evaluate the effects oral PG versus Placebo (PL) for CRF. METHODS: Patients with cancer fatigue ≥ 4/10 on Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) were eligible...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154963/cytological-analysis-of-ginseng-carpel-development
#5
Jeniffer Silva, Yu-Jin Kim, Dexin Xiao, Johan Sukweenadhi, Tingting Hu, Woo-Saeng Kwon, Jianping Hu, Deok-Chun Yang, Dabing Zhang
Panax ginseng Meyer, commonly known as ginseng, is considered one of the most important herbs with pharmaceutical values due to the presence of ginsenosides and is cultivated for its highly valued root for medicinal purposes. Recently, it has been recognized that ginseng fruit contains high contents of triterpene such as ginsenoside Re as pharmaceutical compounds. However, it is unclear how carpel, the female reproductive tissue of flowers, is formed during the three-year-old growth before fruit is formed in ginseng plants...
February 2, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128417/construction-and-transformation-of-expression-vector-containing-panax-japonicus-ss-gene
#6
L Zhang, T T Wang
Panax japonicus C.A. Meyer, a perennial herb belonging to the Araliaceae ginseng genus, is one of the seven rare and endangered Chinese medical herbs. By cloning the SS segment, the expression vectors pCXSN-PjSS and pCXSN-antiPjSS were constructed and introduced into Agrobactria LBA4404, which is used for engineering bacteria. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) showed that the PjSS, antiPjSS, and Hyg were integrated in Nicotiana tabacum. Reverse transcription-PCR indicated that the PjSS was transcribed into mRNA in N...
January 23, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126553/korean-red-ginseng-improves-testicular-ineffectiveness-in-aging-rats-by-modulating-spermatogenesis-related-molecules
#7
Spandana Rajendra Kopalli, Kyu-Min Cha, Ji-Hoon Ryu, Sang-Ho Lee, Min-Sik Jeong, Seock-Yeon Hwang, Young-Joo Lee, Hee-Won Song, Su-Nam Kim, Jin-Chul Kim, Si-Kwan Kim
Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) is known to rejuvenate testicular effectiveness and the sperm maturation process by regulating redox proteins in aged rats. This study was performed to investigate the effect of Korean red ginseng water extract (KRG-WE) on the expression level of spermatogenesis-related key biomolecules and sex hormone receptors as well as enzymes regulating oxidation, histone deacetylation, and growth-related activities in aged rat testis. KRG-WE (200mg/kg) mixed with a regular pellet diet was administered to 12-month-old rats for 6months (KRG-AC), whereas the young (YC, 2months) and aged (AC, 12months) controls received the vehicle only...
January 23, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123327/the-inhibitory-activity-of-ginsenoside-rp4-in-adenosine-diphosphate-induced-platelet-aggregation
#8
Young-Min Son, Da-Hye Jeong, Hwa-Jin Park, Man-Hee Rhee
BACKGROUND: Korean ginseng, Panax ginseng Meyer, has been used as a traditional oriental medicine to treat illness and promote health for several thousand years. Ginsenosides are the main constituents for the pharmacological effects of P. ginseng. Since several ginsenosides, including ginsenoside (G)-Rg3 and G-Rp1, have reported antiplatelet activity, here we investigate the ability of G-Rp4 to modulate adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation. The ginsenoside Rp4, a similar chemical structure of G-Rp1, was prepared from G-Rg1 by chemical modification...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123326/discrimination-of-american-ginseng-and-asian-ginseng-using-electronic-nose-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-coupled-with-chemometrics
#9
Shaoqing Cui, Jianfeng Wu, Jun Wang, Xinlei Wang
BACKGROUND: American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) and Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) products, such as slices, have a similar appearance, but they have significantly different prices, leading to widespread adulteration in the commercial market. Their aroma characteristics are attracting increasing attention and are supposed to be effective and nondestructive markers to determine adulteration. METHODS: The aroma characteristics of American and Asian ginseng were investigated using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) and an electronic nose (E-nose)...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123324/antiaging-effects-of-the-mixture-of-panax-ginseng-and-crataegus-pinnatifida-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts-and-healthy-human-skin
#10
Eunson Hwang, Sang-Yong Park, Chang Shik Yin, Hee-Taek Kim, Yong Min Kim, Tae Hoo Yi
BACKGROUND: Human skin undergoes distinct changes throughout the aging process, based on both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. In a process called photoaging, UVB irradiation leads to upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-1, which then causes collagen degradation and premature aging. Mixtures of medicinal plants have traditionally been used as drugs in oriental medicine. Based on the previously reported antioxidant properties of Panax ginseng Meyer and Crataegus pinnatifida, we hypothesized that the mixture of P...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123323/comparative-analysis-of-the-transcriptomes-and-primary-metabolite-profiles-of-adventitious-roots-of-five-panax-ginseng-cultivars
#11
Yun Sun Lee, Hyun-Seung Park, Dong-Kyu Lee, Murukarthick Jayakodi, Nam-Hoon Kim, Sang-Choon Lee, Atreyee Kundu, Dong-Yup Lee, Young Chang Kim, Jun Gyo In, Sung Won Kwon, Tae-Jin Yang
BACKGROUND: Various Panax ginseng cultivars exhibit a range of diversity for morphological and physiological traits. However, there are few studies on diversity of metabolic profiles and genetic background to understand the complex metabolic pathway in ginseng. METHODS: To understand the complex metabolic pathway and related genes in ginseng, we tried to conduct integrated analysis of primary metabolite profiles and related gene expression using five ginseng cultivars showing different morphology...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123322/the-effect-of-korean-red-ginseng-extract-on-rosiglitazone-induced-improvement-of-glucose-regulation-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#12
Mi-Jeong Oh, Hyun-Ju Kim, Eun-Young Park, Na-Hee Ha, Mun-Gyu Song, Sang-Hyun Choi, Boe-Gwun Chun, Dong-Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Korean Red Ginseng extract (KRG, Panax ginseng Meyer) and its constituents have been used for treating diabetes. However, in diet-induced obese mice, it is unclear whether KRG can enhance the glucose-lowering action of rosiglitazone (ROSI), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma synthetic activator. METHODS: Oral glucose tolerance tests (oGTTs) were performed after 4 days of treatment with a vehicle (CON), KRG [500 mg/kg body weight (b.w...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123321/in%C3%A2-vitro-antioxidative-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-the-compound-k-rich-fraction-biogf1k-prepared-from-panax-ginseng
#13
Muhammad Jahangir Hossen, Yong Deog Hong, Kwang-Soo Baek, Sulgi Yoo, Yo Han Hong, Ji Hye Kim, Jeong-Oog Lee, Donghyun Kim, Junseong Park, Jae Youl Cho
BACKGROUND: BIOGF1K, a compound K-rich fraction prepared from the root of Panax ginseng, is widely used for cosmetic purposes in Korea. We investigated the functional mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities of BIOGF1K by discovering target enzymes through various molecular studies. METHODS: We explored the inhibitory mechanisms of BIOGF1K using lipopolysaccharide-mediated inflammatory responses, reporter gene assays involving overexpression of toll-like receptor adaptor molecules, and immunoblotting analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123319/development-of-a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-marker-for-specific-authentication-of-korean-ginseng-panax-ginseng-meyer-new-cultivar-g-1
#14
Dong-Uk Yang, Min-Kyeoung Kim, Padmanaban Mohanan, Ramya Mathiyalagan, Kwang-Hoon Seo, Woo-Saeng Kwon, Deok-Chun Yang
BACKGROUND: Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng) is a well-known medicinal plant of Oriental medicine that is still in practice today. Until now, a total of 11 Korean ginseng cultivars with unique features to Korean ginseng have been developed based on the pure-line-selection method. Among them, a new cultivar namely G-1 with different agricultural traits related to yield and content of ginsenosides, was developed in 2012. METHODS: The aim of this study was to distinguish the new ginseng cultivar G-1 by identifying the unique single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at its 45S ribosomal DNA and Panax quinquefolius region than other Korean ginseng cultivars using multiplex amplification-refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR)...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123318/ginsenoside-rg1-suppresses-early-stage-of-adipocyte-development-via-activation-of-c-ebp-homologous-protein-10-in-3t3-l1-and-attenuates-fat-accumulation-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-zebrafish
#15
Eun-Jeong Koh, Kui-Jin Kim, Jia Choi, Hui Jeon Jeon, Min-Jung Seo, Boo-Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: Ginsenoside Rg1 is a class of steroid glycoside and triterpene saponin in Panax ginseng. Many studies suggest that Rg1 suppresses adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1. However, the detail molecular mechanism of Rg1 on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 is still not fully understood. METHODS: 3T3-L1 preadipocyte was used to evaluate the effect of Rg1 on adipocyte development in the differentiation in a stage-dependent manner in vitro. Oil Red O staining and Nile red staining were conducted to measure intracellular lipid accumulation and superoxide production, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123316/animal-lectins-potential-receptors-for-ginseng-polysaccharides
#16
REVIEW
So Hee Loh, Jin-Yeon Park, Eun Hee Cho, Seung-Yeol Nah, Young-Sun Kang
Panax ginseng Meyer, belonging to the genus Panax of the family Araliaceae, is known for its human immune system-related effects, such as immune-boosting effects. Ginseng polysaccharides (GPs) are the responsible ingredient of ginseng in immunomodulation, and are classified as acidic and neutral GPs. Although GPs participate in various immune reactions including the stimulation of immune cells and production of cytokines, the precise function of GPs together with its potential receptor(s) and their signal transduction pathways have remained largely unknown...
January 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078264/comparison-of-ginsenoside-contents-in-different-parts-of-korean-ginseng-panax-ginseng-c-a-meyer
#17
Ok-Ju Kang, Ji-Sang Kim
The present study was conducted to investigate the ginsenoside profiles of the main root, root hair, and leaf of ginseng in order to demonstrate their possible application in medicine. The total ginsenoside content of the leaf was up to 12 times than that in the main root, and the content of protopanaxadiol groups was higher than that of protopanaxatriol groups in all the samples. The leaf was shown to contain high amounts of ginsenosides Rb3 and Rh1, whereas the main root contained large amounts of ginsenosides Rb1 and Rc...
December 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071886/boronlectin-polyelectrolyte-ensembles-as-artificial-tongue-design-construction-and-application-for-discriminative-sensing-of-complex-glycoconjugates-from-panax-ginseng
#18
Xiao-Tai Zhang, Shu Wang, Guo-Wen Xing
Ginsenoside is a large family of triterpenoid saponins from Panax ginseng, which possesses various important biological functions. Due to the very similar structures of these complex glycoconjugates, it is crucial to develop a powerful analytic method to identify ginsenosides qualitatively or quantitatively. We herein report an eight-channel fluorescent sensor array as artificial tongue to achieve the discriminative sensing of ginsenosides. The fluorescent cross-responsive array was constructed by four boronlectins bearing flexible boronic acid moieties (FBAs) with multiple reactive sites and two linear poly(phenylene-ethynylene) (PPEs)...
February 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067784/sailuotong-prevents-hydrogen-peroxide-h%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-induced-injury-in-ea-hy926-cells
#19
Sai Wang Seto, Dennis Chang, Wai Man Ko, Xian Zhou, Hosen Kiat, Alan Bensoussan, Simon M Y Lee, Maggie P M Hoi, Genevieve Z Steiner, Jianxun Liu
Sailuotong (SLT) is a standardised three-herb formulation consisting of Panax ginseng, Ginkgo biloba, and Crocus sativus designed for the management of vascular dementia. While the latest clinical trials have demonstrated beneficial effects of SLT in vascular dementia, the underlying cellular mechanisms have not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to assess the ability and mechanisms of SLT to act against hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced oxidative damage in cultured human vascular endothelial cells (EAhy926)...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053615/antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-fermented-red-ginseng-against-high-fat-diet-induced-hyperlipidemia-in-rats
#20
Myeong-Hwan Kim, Eun-Jin Lee, Jeong-Mu Cheon, Ki-Jun Nam, Tae-Ho Oh, Kil-Soo Kim
This study was performed to investigate the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of fermented red ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer; FRG) on high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemia in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups of seven: normal control, NC; high-fat diet control, HFC; high-fat diet-0.5% FRG, HF-FRGL; and high-fat diet-1% FRG, HF-FRGH. All rats were fed a high-fat diet for eight weeks, except those in the NC group, while rats in the FRG treatment groups received drinking water containing 0...
December 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
keyword
keyword
9274
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"