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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932343/influence-of-the-day-care-home-and-neighbourhood-environment-on-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-health-protocol-for-the-playce-observational-study
#1
Hayley Christian, Clover Maitland, Stephanie Enkel, Georgina Trapp, Stewart G Trost, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Leanne Lester, Michael Rosenberg, Stephen R Zubrick
INTRODUCTION: The early years are a critical period in a child's health and development, yet most preschool children fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Outside of the home and neighbourhood, children spend a large proportion of time within early childhood education and care (ECEC) services such as long day care. Research is required to determine how the design of day care outdoor (and indoor) spaces provides opportunities or constraints for physical activity. A significant evidence gap surrounds what objectively measured attributes of the home and neighbourhood environment influence preschoolers' physical activity...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931733/patient-experiences-with-pregnancy-planning-and-perspectives-on-reproductive-care-in-community-health-centers-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-african-american-women-in-chicago
#2
Rachel E Stones, Debra B Stulberg, Jennifer K Bello Kottenstette
INTRODUCTION: Given the potential benefits of preventive reproductive health care for both women and children, it is important that clinicians routinely offer preconception and contraceptive counseling in ways that are responsive to patients' wishes. The goal of this study is to gain knowledge about the components of preventive reproductive health care that patients at Federally Qualified Health Centers value, and to elicit patient perspectives on how best to deliver this care. METHODS: We conducted three focus groups with African American women (n = 21) at two Federally Qualified Health Centers in Chicago...
December 5, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931533/care-transition-interventions-for-children-with-asthma-in-the-emergency-department
#3
REVIEW
Molly A Martin, Valerie G Press, Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Jerry A Krishnan, Kim Erwin, Giselle Mosnaim, Helen Margellos-Anast, S Margaret Paik, Stacy Ignoffo, Michael McDermott
The emergency department (ED) is a critical point of identification and treatment for some of the most high-risk children with asthma. This review summarizes the evidence regarding care transition interventions originating in the ED for children with uncontrolled asthma, with a focus on care coordination and self-management education. Although many interventions on care transition for pediatric asthma have been tested, only a few were actually conducted in the ED setting. Most of these targeted both care coordination and self-management education but ultimately did not improve attendance at follow-up appointments with primary care providers, improve asthma control, or reduce health care utilization...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929319/effects-of-psychomotor-intervention-program-on-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Sayed ElGarhy, Ting Liu
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a psychomotor intervention program (PIP) on body awareness and psychomotor concepts for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-eight students (23 boys and 5 girls) with ASD participated in this study. Fourteen students with ASD were randomly assigned to the experimental group (12 boys and 2 girls; mean age of 5.48 years), and 14 students were assigned to the control group (11 boys and 3 girls; mean age of 5.2 years). Students in the experimental group were trained with the PIP activities (targeting body awareness, body concepts, space concepts, and time concepts) three times a week for 10 weeks...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925435/predicting-the-intention-to-use-condoms-and-actual-condom-use-behaviour-a-three-wave-longitudinal-study-in-ghana
#5
Enoch Teye-Kwadjo, Ashraf Kagee, Hermann Swart
BACKGROUND: Growing cross-sectional research shows that the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is robust in predicting intentions to use condoms and condom use behaviour. Yet, little is known about the TPB's utility in explaining intentions to use condoms and condom use behaviour over time. METHODS: This study used a longitudinal design and latent variable structural equation modelling to test the longitudinal relationships postulated by the TPB. School-going youths in Ghana provided data on attitudes, subjective norms, perceived control, intentions, and behaviour regarding condom use at three time points, spaced approximately three months apart...
December 7, 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925109/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-traffic-accidents-of-cyclists-attended-in-brazilian-state-capitals
#6
Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa, Camila Alves Bahia, Patrícia Constantino
Introduction: Brazil has the sixth largest bicycles fleet in the world and bicycle is the most used individual transport vehicle in the country. Few studies address the issue of cyclists' accidents and factors that contribute to or prevent this event. Methodology: VIVA is a cross-sectional survey and is part of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System, Brazilian Ministry of Health. We used complex sampling and subsequent data review through multivariate logistic regression and calculation of the respective odds ratios...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924446/educational-encounters-of-the-third-kind
#7
Gonzalo Génova, M Rosario González
An engineer who becomes an educator in a school of software engineering has the mission to teach how to design and construct software systems, therein applying his or her knowledge and expertise. However, due to their engineering background, engineers may forget that educating a person is not the same as designing a machine, since a machine has a well-defined goal, whilst a person is capable to self-propose his or her own objectives. The ethical implications are clear: educating a free person must leave space for creativity and self-determination in his or her own discovery of the way towards personal and professional fulfillment, which cannot consist only in achieving goals selected by others...
December 6, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923335/-arrived-in-germany-when-children-who-have-fled-tell-their-stories
#8
Katharina Gerarts, Sabine Andresen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Fionna Klasen
Arrived in Germany: When Children Who have Fled Tell their Stories For this study, we listened to children who had fled with their families. We made a very conscious decision to focus on accompanied minors who have been displaced, because they go through the standard asylum system with their parent/guardian, which is why they often remain "invisible" as regards their own needs and their specific situation. We gave accompanied children who had fled a space where they could tell their stories and asked them to talk about their memories of their countries of origin, their experiences during their journey and on arrival in Germany, and their lives here, their concerns, but also their hopes and desires...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896712/applications-of-accelerators-and-radiation-sources-in-the-field-of-space-research-and-industry
#9
REVIEW
Luigi Campajola, Francesco Di Capua
Beyond their important economic role in commercial communications, satellites in general are critical infrastructure because of the services they provide. In addition to satellites providing information which facilitates a better understanding of the space environment and improved performance of physics experiments, satellite observations are also used to actively monitor weather, geological processes, agricultural development and the evolution of natural and man-made hazards. Defence agencies depend on satellite services for communication in remote locations, as well as for reconnaissance and intelligence...
December 2016: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895239/making-space-for-spatial-proportions
#10
Percival G Matthews, Edward M Hubbard
The three target articles presented in this special issue converged on an emerging theme: the importance of spatial proportional reasoning. They suggest that the ability to map between symbolic fractions (like 1/5) and nonsymbolic, spatial representations of their sizes or magnitudes may be especially important for building robust fractions knowledge. In this commentary, we first reflect upon where these findings stand in a larger theoretical context, largely borrowed from mathematics education research. Next, we emphasize parallels between this work and emerging work suggesting that nonsymbolic proportional reasoning may provide an intuitive foundation for understanding fraction magnitudes...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894018/managing-mosquito-spaces-citizen-self-governance-of-disease-vectors-in-a-desert-landscape
#11
Nicolena vonHedemann, Paul Robbins, Melinda K Butterworth, Katheryn Landau, Cory W Morin
Public health agencies' strategies to control disease vectors have increasingly included "soft" mosquito management programs that depend on citizen education and changing homeowner behaviors. In an effort to understand public responses to such campaigns, this research assesses the case of Tucson, Arizona, where West Nile virus presents a serious health risk and where management efforts have focused on public responsibility for mosquito control. Using surveys, interviews, and focus groups, we conclude that citizens have internalized responsibilities for mosquito management but also expect public management of parks and waterways while tending to reject the state's interference with privately owned parcels...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882719/mediating-the-space-between-voices-of-indigenous-youth-and-voices-of-educators-in-service-of-reconciliation
#12
Susan D Dion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881049/breaking-the-silence-on-abortion-the-role-of-adult-community-abortion-education-in-fostering-resistance-to-norms
#13
Fiona K Bloomer, Kellie O'Dowd, Catriona Macleod
Meanings of abortion in society are constructed within sociohistorical and gendered spaces and manifested through myriad discourses that impact on the perception and treatment of the issue in that society. In societies with powerful oppressive anti-abortion norms, such as Northern Ireland, little is known as to how these norms are resisted by the adult population. This study uses a Foucauldian feminist approach to show how resistance to religious and patriarchal norms can be fostered through adult community abortion education...
November 24, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876090/the-impact-of-household-wealth-on-child-survival-in-ghana
#14
Stella T Lartey, Rasheda Khanam, Shingo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Improving child health is one of the major policy agendas for most of the governments, especially in the developing countries. These governments have been implementing various strategies such as improving healthcare financing, improving access to health, increasing educational level, and income level of the household to improve child health. Despite all these efforts, under-five and infant mortality rates remain high in many developing nations. Some previous studies examined how economic development or household's economic condition contributes to child survival in developing countries...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876018/social-norms-and-family-planning-decisions-in-south-sudan
#15
Sumit Kane, Maryse Kok, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline Ew Broerse
BACKGROUND: With a maternal mortality ratio of 789 per 100,000 live births, and a contraceptive prevalence rate of 4.7%, South Sudan has one of the worst reproductive health situations in the world. Understanding the social norms around sexuality and reproduction, across different ethnic groups, is key to developing and implementing locally appropriate public health responses. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in the state of Western Bahr el Ghazal (WBeG) in South Sudan to explore the social norms shaping decisions about family planning among the Fertit community...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875172/booc-io-an-education-system-with-hierarchical-concept-maps-and-dynamic-non-linear-learning-plans
#16
Michail Schwab, Hendrik Strobelt, James Tompkin, Colin Fredericks, Connor Huff, Dana Higgins, Anton Strezhnev, Mayya Komisarchik, Gary King, Hanspeter Pfister
Information hierarchies are difficult to express when real-world space or time constraints force traversing the hierarchy in linear presentations, such as in educational books and classroom courses. We present booc.io, which allows linear and non-linear presentation and navigation of educational concepts and material. To support a breadth of material for each concept, booc.io is Web based, which allows adding material such as lecture slides, book chapters, videos, and LTIs. A visual interface assists the creation of the needed hierarchical structures...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873417/the-clinic-is-my-woodshed-a-new-paradigm-for-learning-and-refining-communication-skills
#17
Paul Haidet, Michael Picchioni
Jazz cats use the term 'woodshedding' to denote a period of intense practice during which they aim to take their playing up a few notches. Developing expertise, whether we are speaking musically or talking about communicating with patients, requires a lifelong commitment to such practice. For physicians, the woodshed is not a practice room or an isolated space. No: clinical environments are the woodsheds; they are the only places in which one can hone communication skills. The idea of 'shedding' in the setting of routine practice challenges prevailing notions about communication skills training and has implications for how such skills should be learned, nurtured and assessed...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867211/teaching-tools-to-engage-anishinaabek-first-nations-women-in-cervical-cancer-screening-report-of-an-educational-workshop
#18
Ingeborg Zehbe, Brianne Wood, Pamela Wakewich, Marion Maar, Nicholas Escott, Naana Jumah, Julian Little
OBJECTIVE: To explore educational strategies for engaging First Nations women in Canada to attend cervical cancer screening. DESIGN: Within a participatory action research framework, semi-structured interviews with health-care providers in First Nations communities revealed that education about the value of screening is perceived as being a key factor to promote cervical cancer screening. SETTING: To obtain feedback from workshop informants, a 1-day educational workshop was held to identify appropriate educational intervention strategies, which would be applied in a forthcoming randomised controlled cervical screening trial...
April 1, 2016: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862549/diffusion-tensor-imaging-defined-sulcal-enlargement-is-related-to-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Zafer Keser, Khader M Hasan, Benson Mwangi, Refaat E Gabr, Flavia M Nelson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain can be compartmentalized into two main divisions: ventricular CSF and subarachnoid space (sulcal CSF). Changes in CSF volumetry are seen in many neurological conditions including multiple sclerosis (MS) and found to correlate with clinical outcomes. We aimed to test the relation between the volumetry of sulcal and ventricular CSF and cognitive impairment (CI) based on the minimal assessment of cognitive function in MS (MACFIMS) in patients with MS...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860396/distributed-retrieval-practice-promotes-superior-recall-of-anatomy-information
#20
John L Dobson, Jose Perez, Tracy Linderholm
Effortful retrieval produces greater long-term recall of information when compared to studying (i.e., reading), as do learning sessions that are distributed (i.e., spaced apart) when compared to those that are massed together. Although the retrieval and distributed practice effects are well-established in the cognitive science literature, no studies have examined their additive effect with regard to learning anatomy information. The aim of this study was to determine how the benefits of retrieval practice vary with massed versus distributed learning...
November 16, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
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