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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106360/federal-policy-for-the-protection-of-human-subjects-final-rule
#1
(no author information available yet)
The departments and agencies listed in this document announce revisions to modernize, strengthen, and make more effective the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects that was originally promulgated as a Common Rule in 1991. This final rule is intended to better protect human subjects involved in research, while facilitating valuable research and reducing burden, delay, and ambiguity for investigators. These revisions are an effort to modernize, simplify, and enhance the current system of oversight...
19, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103200/depressive-symptoms-influence-global-cognitive-impairment-indirectly-by-reducing-memory-and-executive-function-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#2
Chathuri Yatawara, Levinia Lim, Russell Chander, Juan Zhou, Nagaendran Kandiah
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms negatively influence global cognition in the elderly; however, the mechanism of this effect remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether depressive symptoms influence global cognitive function in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) by impeding specific neuropsychological abilities and under what conditions this effect might occur. METHOD: A sample of 259 participants (104 cognitively normal elderly controls, 66 patients with MCI and 89 patients with mild AD) underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment...
December 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101267/bioart-and-bildung-wetware-art-agency-animation-an-exhibition-as-case-study
#3
Charissa N Terranova
Recent events in the field of biology have further unfixed the definition of life. The negotiability of "life" is at the center of the exhibition "Wetware: Art, Agency, Animation" at the Beall Center for Art + Technology at the University of California, Irvine. The exhibition includes art by nine international artists working in the avant-garde area of contemporary art called "bioart." This article is devoted to the unique educational space opened through the practice of bioart, focusing on how the exhibition brings the scientific question "What is life?" to a public audience...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099672/if-you-give-a-nurse-a-cookie-sharing-teaching-strategies-for-nurse-educator-development
#4
Nancy P Wingo
Nurse educators often do not have time or a space to discuss ideas about effective teaching. To address this issue, an instructor at one school of nursing initiated Cookie Swap, a bimonthly, school-wide e-mail featuring stories about teaching strategies and tools used in face-to-face, online, and clinical courses. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(1):12-13.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096741/a-day-in-the-life-of-third-year-medical-students-using-an-ethnographic-method-to-understand-information-seeking-and-use
#5
Andrea B Twiss-Brooks, Ricardo Andrade, Michelle B Bass, Barbara Kern, Jonna Peterson, Debra A Werner
OBJECTIVE: The authors undertook this project to learn how third-year medical students seek and use information in the course of daily activities, especially activities conducted in clinical settings in a variety of institutions. METHODS: We recruited sixty-eight third-year undergraduate medical school students to create a mapping diary of a day that included clinical activities. We conducted semi-structured interviews based on the mapping diaries. Using content and thematic analyses of the resulting interview transcripts, we developed an ethnographic case study for each participant...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077444/protein-interactions-during-the-flavivirus-and-hepacivirus-life-cycle
#6
Gisa Gerold, Janina Bruening, Bettina Weigel, Thomas Pietschmann
Protein-protein interactions govern biological functions in cells, in the extracellular milieu and at the border between cells and extracellular space. Viruses are small intracellular parasites and thus rely on protein interactions to produce progeny inside host cells and to spread from cell to cell. Usage of host proteins by viruses can have severe consequences e.g. apoptosis, metabolic disequilibria or altered cell proliferation and mobility. Understanding protein interactions during virus infection can thus educate us on viral infection and pathogenesis mechanisms...
January 11, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075151/multilevel-correlates-of-healthy-bmi-maintenance-and-return-to-a-healthy-bmi-among-children-in-massachusetts
#7
Lauren Fiechtner, Erika R Cheng, Gabriel Lopez, Mona Sharifi, Elsie M Taveras
OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of healthy BMI maintenance (HBM) or return to a healthy BMI (RHB) among children. METHODS: We studied 33,272 children in Massachusetts between 2008 and 2012. We used multinomial logistic regression to examine associations of individual- and neighborhood-level factors with the odds of: (1) HBM: maintenance of a healthy BMI ≥5th to <85th percentile and (2) RHB: transition to a healthy BMI range from an initial BMI ≥85th percentile between two clinic visits spanning an average of 3...
January 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063090/don-t-give-up-a-cyber-ethnography-and-discourse-analysis-of-an-online-infertility-patient-forum
#8
Mihan Lee
Infertility affects women across the socioeconomic spectrum; however, it is by no means egalitarian in its distribution, nor uniform in its lived experience. Evidence shows striking disparities by income, race, and education in infertility prevalence, access to infertility services, and success rates after receiving infertility treatments. However, few studies so far have investigated disparities in patients' access to psychological support during the infertility journey. This paper undertakes a cyber-ethnography of the online patient forum, "Finding a Resolution for Infertility," hosted by RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association...
January 6, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052329/creating-academic-structures-to-promote-nursing-s-role-in-global-health-policy
#9
S Gimbel, P Kohler, P Mitchell, A Emami
AIM: We highlight key components of emerging academic structures in global health nursing and explain how this investment can expand nursing's broader engagement in global health policy development. BACKGROUND: Engaging nursing in global health policy development is vital to ensure the scale-up of effective health programmes. Globally, nurses promote development of interprofessional healthcare teams who are responsible for translating sound global health policy and evidence-based programming into practice...
January 4, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048082/su-f-i-62-a-dcm4chee-log-analyzer-for-monitoring-dicom-network-performance
#10
M Moriyama, Y Murakami, M Ohki, K Tokumori, S Okamoto
PURPOSE: The dcm4chee is an open source software for making a high-performance DICOM server. The process of dcm4chee is recorded in a log as text file. It takes a lot of time to read the log file for checking DICOM server performance. Therefore, we made a log analyzer for dcm4chee, which compiles the statistics on image transfer between DICOM server and imaging devices. METHODS: The log analysis program was written in Perl (practical extraction and report language)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047785/su-c-201-03-ionization-chamber-collection-efficiency-in-pulsed-radiation-fields-of-high-pulse-dose
#11
M Gotz, L Karsch, J Pawelke
PURPOSE: To investigate the reduction of collection efficiency of ionization chambers (IC) by volume recombination and its correction in pulsed fields of very high pulse dose. METHODS: Measurements of the collection efficiency of a plane-parallel advanced Markus IC (PTW 34045, 1mm electrode spacing, 300V nominal voltage) were obtained for collection voltages of 100V and 300V by irradiation with a pulsed electron beam (20MeV) of varied pulse dose up to approximately 600mGy (0...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047458/mo-ab-bra-08-a-modular-multi-source-x-ray-tube-for-novel-computed-tomography-applications
#12
B Walker, J Radtke, G Petry, R Swader, G Chen, K Eliceiri, T Mackie
PURPOSE: To develop and build a practical implementation of an x-ray line source for the rapidly increasing number of multi-source imaging applications in CT. METHODS: An innovative x-ray tube was designed using CST Particle Studio, ANSYS, and SolidWorks. A slowly varying magnetic field is synchronized with microsecond gating of multiple thermionic electron sources. Electrostatic simulations were run to optimize the geometry of the optics and prevent electrode arcing...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039801/persuasive-technology-in-teaching-acute-pain-assessment-in-nursing-results-in-learning-based-on-pre-and-post-testing
#13
Ana Graziela Alvarez, Grace T Marcon Dal Sasso, M Sriram Iyengar
BACKGROUND: Thousands of patients seek health services every day with complaints of pain. However, adequate pain assessment is still flawed, a fact that is partly related to gaps in professional learning on this topic. Innovative strategies such as the use of a virtual learning object mediated by persuasive technology in the learning of undergraduate nursing students can help to fill these gaps and to provide different ways of learning to learn. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results in learning among undergraduate nursing students about assessment of acute pain in adults and newborns, before and after an online educational intervention...
December 22, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039765/exploring-the-contribution-of-spatial-navigation-to-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults
#14
Jan Laczó, Ross Andel, Zuzana Nedelska, Martin Vyhnalek, Kamil Vlcek, Sebastian Crutch, John Harrison, Jakub Hort
Spatial navigation (SN) impairment is present early in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We tested whether SN performance, self-centered (egocentric) and world-centered (allocentric), was distinguishable from performance on established cognitive functions-verbal and nonverbal memory, executive and visuospatial function, attention/working memory, and language function. 108 older adults (53 cognitively normal [CN] and 55 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment [aMCI]) underwent neuropsychological examination and real-space navigation testing...
December 14, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033282/evaluation-of-counseling-environmental-alteration-on-pharmacy-patient-communication-qualifications-a-case-control-study
#15
Hongyan Gu, Lulu Sun, Rui Jin, Fang Li, Yuanyuan Wei, Zhengzheng Xie
The closed pharmaceutical counseling room was so hard to be established for most of hospitals in China since limited space in the out-patient lobby, which dramatically affected the qualification of medication consultant. Few reports studied the importance of closed pharmaceutical counseling room construction.To investigate the necessary of closed pharmaceutical counseling room construction in the outpatient lobby.The closed pharmaceutical counseling room was established and equipped with hospital electronic information system, patient education flashes, and we-Chat in web...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018541/feasibility-of-a-comprehensive-wellness-and-suicide-prevention-program-a-decade-of-caring-for-physicians-in-training-and-practice
#16
Sydney Ey, Mary Moffit, J Mark Kinzie, Patrick H Brunett
BACKGROUND : Comprehensive treatment models reduce distress and suicide risk in military, university, and community populations, but are not well studied with in medical trainees and physicians in practice. Physicians face unique internal and external barriers that limit access to psychological or psychiatric treatment, which may contribute to higher rates of burnout, depression, and suicide. OBJECTIVE : Our goal is to report on the feasibility and utilization of a wellness and suicide prevention program for residents, fellows, and faculty in an academic health center...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018214/total-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-mri-score-is-associated-with-cognitive-decline-in-executive-function-in-patients-with-hypertension
#17
Renske Uiterwijk, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Marjolein Huijts, Peter W De Leeuw, Abraham A Kroon, Julie Staals
Objectives: Hypertension is a major risk factor for white matter hyperintensities (WMH), lacunes, cerebral microbleeds, and perivascular spaces, which are MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). Studies have shown associations between these individual MRI markers and cognitive functioning and decline. Recently, a "total SVD score" was proposed in which the different MRI markers were combined into one measure of SVD, to capture total SVD-related brain damage. We investigated if this SVD score was associated with cognitive decline over 4 years in patients with hypertension...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012387/optimal-location-selection-for-the-installation-of-urban-green-roofs-considering-honeybee-habitats-along-with-socio-economic-and-environmental-effects
#18
Jae Ha Gwak, Bo Kyeong Lee, Won Kyung Lee, So Young Sohn
This study proposes a new framework for the selection of optimal locations for green roofs to achieve a sustainable urban ecosystem. The proposed framework selects building sites that can maximize the benefits of green roofs, based not only on the socio-economic and environmental benefits to urban residents, but also on the provision of urban foraging sites for honeybees. The framework comprises three steps. First, building candidates for green roofs are selected considering the building type. Second, the selected building candidates are ranked in terms of their expected socio-economic and environmental effects...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006739/participatory-action-inquiry-using-baccalaureate-nursing-students-the-inclusion-of-integrative-health-care-modalities-in-nursing-core-curriculum
#19
Roxane Raffin Chan, Michelle Schaffrath
Nurses, nursing educators and students support the inclusion of integrative health care (IHC) into nursing core curriculum as a way to create nurses who deliver nursing care to the full extent of their scope of practice and advance evidenced based IHC. Because of the holistic nature of IHC modalities, research to investigate appropriate teaching strategies and potential efficacy of learning IHC in the baccalaureate core curriculum requires a holistic approach. Therefore a phenomenological exploration using participatory action inquiry was conducted at a large Midwestern university...
December 9, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002756/co-creation-of-a-pedagogical-space-to-support-qualitative-inquiry-an-advanced-qualitative-collective
#20
Sarah Abboud, Su Kyung Kim, Sara Jacoby, Kim Mooney-Doyle, Terease Waite, Elizabeth Froh, Justine S Sefcik, Hyejin Kim, Timothy Joseph Sowicz, Terri-Ann Kelly, Sarah Kagan
Situated in a research-intensive School of Nursing, the Advanced Qualitative Collective (AQC) provides an innovative educational forum for the study of qualitative research by doctoral and postdoctoral scholars. This long-standing collective is guided by a faculty facilitator using a collaborative co-learning approach to address individual and group needs, from the conception of research projects through dissemination of completed qualitative research. This article describes the dynamics of the AQC and the ways a co-created pedagogical entity supports professional development among its diverse members...
December 14, 2016: Nurse Education Today
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