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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742992/utilizing-secondary-agricultural-education-programs-to-deliver-evidence-based-grain-safety-training-for-young-and-beginning-workers
#1
Yuan-Hsin Cheng, William E Field, Roger L Tormoehlen, Brian F French
Purdue University's Agricultural Safety and Health Program (PUASHP) has collaborated with secondary agricultural education programs, including FFA Chapters, for over 70 years to deliver and promote agricultural safety and health programming. With support from a U.S. Department of Labor Susan Harwood Program grant, PUASHP utilized a Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process to develop, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based curriculum for use with young and beginning workers, ages 16-20, exposed to hazards associated with grain storage and handling...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738050/intralesional-therapy-consensus-statements-for-best-practices-in-administration-from-the-melanoma-nursing-initiative%C3%A2
#2
Virginia Seery
BACKGROUND: Talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) is the first intralesional therapy for melanoma approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. This oncolytic viral immunotherapy has improved outcomes for patients with locoregional recurrent melanoma and is showing promise in combination with systemic therapies. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to provide oncology nurses with expert guidance on best practices in incorporating intralesional therapy for patients diagnosed with melanoma in practice...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735717/real-time-cineangiography-visualization-of-cerebral-aneurysm-rupture-in-an-awake-patient-anatomic-physiological-and-functional-correlates
#3
Tasha L Welch, Waleed Brinjikji, Guiseppe Lanzino, William L Lanier
Intracranial aneurysms are common and, on a population-based perspective, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality as a result of mass effect or rupture. Cerebral angiography is the primary technique used for the diagnosis of cerebral aneurysms, and the imaging data have additional utility for planning medical, endovascular, or surgical treatments. An extremely rare periprocedural complication of cerebral angiography is rupture of the aneurysm, either as a chance phenomenon or as a result of some physiologic change or mechanical effect...
July 20, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734745/why-are-some-people-who-have-received-overdose-education-and-naloxone-reticent-to-call-emergency-medical-services-in-the-event-of-overdose
#4
Stephen Koester, Shane R Mueller, Lisa Raville, Sig Langegger, Ingrid A Binswanger
BACKGROUND: Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) training for persons who inject drugs (PWID) underlines the importance of summoning emergency medical services (EMS). To encourage PWID to do so, Colorado enacted a Good Samaritan law providing limited immunity from prosecution for possession of a controlled substance and/or drug paraphernalia to the overdose victim and the witnesses who in good faith provide emergency assistance. This paper examines the law's influence by describing OEND trained PWIDs' experience reversing overdoses and their decision about calling for EMS support...
July 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732087/a-dissociation-between-engagement-and-learning-enthusiastic-instructions-fail-to-reliably-improve-performance-on-a-memory-task
#5
Benjamin A Motz, Joshua R de Leeuw, Paulo F Carvalho, Kaley L Liang, Robert L Goldstone
Despite widespread assertions that enthusiasm is an important quality of effective teaching, empirical research on the effect of enthusiasm on learning and memory is mixed and largely inconclusive. To help resolve these inconsistencies, we conducted a carefully-controlled laboratory experiment, investigating whether enthusiastic instructions for a memory task would improve recall accuracy. Scripted videos, either enthusiastic or neutral, were used to manipulate the delivery of task instructions. We also manipulated the sequence of learning items, replicating the spacing effect, a known cognitive technique for memory improvement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#6
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715552/large-perivascular-spaces-visible-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-progression-and-risk-of-dementia-the-age-gene-environment-susceptibility-reykjavik-study
#7
Jie Ding, Sigurður Sigurðsson, Pálmi V Jónsson, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Andreas Charidimou, Oscar L Lopez, Mark A van Buchem, Vilmundur Guðnason, Lenore J Launer
Importance: With advancing age, an increased visibility of perivascular spaces (PVSs) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is hypothesized to represent impaired drainage of interstitial fluid from the brain and may reflect underlying cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). However, whether large perivascular spaces (L-PVSs) (>3 mm in diameter) visible on MRI are associated with SVD and cognitive deterioration in older individuals is unknown. Objective: To examine whether L-PVSs are associated with the progression of the established MRI markers of SVD, cognitive decline, and increased risk of dementia...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711859/associations-between-multiple-green-space-measures-and-birth-weight-across-two-us-cities
#8
Leanne Cusack, Andrew Larkin, Susan E Carozza, Perry Hystad
INTRODUCTION: Several measures of green space exposure have been used in epidemiological research, but their relevance to health, and representation of exposure pathways, remains unclear. Here we examine the relationships between multiple urban green space metrics and associations with term birth weight across two diverse US cities. METHODS: We used Vital Statistics data to create a birth cohort from 2005 to 2009 in the cities of Portland, Oregon (n = 90,265) and Austin, Texas (n = 88,807)...
July 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710223/sociodemographic-differences-in-women-s-experience-of-early-labour-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: To explore women's experiences of early labour care focusing on sociodemographic differences, and to examine the effect of antenatal education, using mixed methods. SETTING: England, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Women who completed postal questionnaires about their experience of maternity care, including questions about antenatal education, early labour and sociodemographic factors, included space for free-text comments. OUTCOME MEASURES: Worries about labour, contact with midwives in early labour and subsequent care...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710054/preliminary-evidence-for-the-emergence-of-a-health-care-online-community-of-practice-using-a-netnographic-framework-for-twitter-hashtag-analytics
#10
Damian Roland, Jesse Spurr, Daniel Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Online communities of practice (oCoPs) may emerge from interactions on social media. These communities offer an open digital space and flat role hierarchy for information sharing and provide a strong group identity, rapid flow of information, content curation, and knowledge translation. To date, there is only a small body of evidence in medicine or health care to verify the existence of an oCoP. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the emergence of an oCoP through the study of social media interactions of the free open access medical education (FOAM) movement...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707643/assessing-reading-levels-of-health-information-uses-and-limitations-of-flesch-formula
#11
Pranay Jindal, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: Written health information is commonly used by health-care professionals (HCPs) to inform and assess patients in clinical practice. With growing self-management of many health conditions and increased information seeking behavior among patients, there is a greater stress on HCPs and researchers to develop and implement readable and understandable health information. Readability formulas such as Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) and Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level (FKRGL) are commonly used by researchers and HCPs to assess if health information is reading grade appropriate for patients...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707642/teaching-procedural-skills-to-medical-students-a-pilot-procedural-skills-lab
#12
Laurence M Katz, Alexander Finch, Tyler McKinnish, Kurt Gilliland, Sue Tolleson-Rinehart, Bonita L Marks
BACKGROUND: Medical students have limited confidence in performing procedural skills. A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a multifaceted Procedural Skills Lab (PSL) on the confidence of medical students to perform procedural skills. METHODS: Twelve 2nd year medical students were randomly selected to participate in a pilot PSL. The PSL students met with an instructor for 2 h once a week for 4 weeks. Students participated in a flipped classroom and spaced education program before laboratory sessions that included a cadaver laboratory...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705179/improving-health-literacy-through-group-antenatal-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Jody R Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J Boyd, Tanima Banerjee, Richard M K Adanu
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women's health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual antenatal care in Ghana. METHODS: We used a prospective cohort design. The setting was a busy urban district hospital in Kumasi, the second most populous city in Ghana. Pregnant women (N = 240) presenting for their first antenatal visit between 11 and 14 weeks gestation were offered participation in the study...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698320/a-self-management-programme-of-activity-coping-and-education-space-for-copd-c-in-primary-care-the-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-trial
#14
Claire LA Bourne, Pratiksha Kanabar, Katy Mitchell, Sally Schreder, Linzy Houchen-Wolloff, M John G Bankart, Lindsay Apps, Stacey Hewitt, Theresa Harvey-Dunstan, Sally J Singh
INTRODUCTION: National guidance for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suggests that self-management support be provided for patients. Our institution has developed a standardised, manual-based, supported self-management programme: Self-Management Programme of Activity Coping and Education (SPACE for COPD(C)). SPACE was previously piloted on a 1-2-1 basis, delivered by researchers, to individuals with COPD. Discussions with stakeholders highlighted considerable interest in delivering the SPACE for COPD(C) intervention as a group-based self-management programme facilitated by healthcare professionals (HCPs) in primary care settings...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697770/local-professionals-perceptions-of-health-assets-in-a-low-ses-dutch-neighbourhood-a-qualitative-study
#15
Lea Den Broeder, Ellen Uiters, Aafke Hofland, Annemarie Wagemakers, Albertine Jantine Schuit
BACKGROUND: Asset-based approaches have become popular in public health. As yet it is not known to what extent health and welfare professionals are able to identify and mobilise individual and community health assets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand professional's perceptions of health and health assets. METHODS: In a low-SES neighbourhood, 21 health and welfare professionals were interviewed about their definition of health and their perceptions of the residents' health status, assets available in the neighbourhood's environment, and the way residents use these assets...
July 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697589/postpartum-family-planning-missed-opportunities-across-the-continuum-of-care
#16
K T Navodani, P Fonseka, C S Goonewardena
Introduction: Postpartum family planning is defined as the prevention of unintended pregnancies and closely spaced pregnancies during the first 12 months following childbirth. Objectives: To assess the practice of family planning (FP) by postpartum mothers in the Regional Director of Health Services (RDHS) division, Kalutara, Sri Lanka. Methods: A community-based, descriptive, cross sectional study was carried out among mothers, 8 to 12 weeks postpartum, in the RDHS division, Kalutara in 2014...
June 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693890/artemisinin-and-chinese-medicine-as-tu-science
#17
Jia-Chen Fu
The story of discovery of artemisinin highlights the diversity of scientific values across time and space. Resituating artemisinin research within a broader temporal framework allows us to understand how Chinese drugs like qinghao came to articulate a space for scientific experimentation and innovation through its embodiment of alternating clusters of meanings associated with tu and yang within scientific discourse. Tu science, which was associated with terms like native, Chinese, local, rustic, mass, and crude, articulated a radical vision of science in the service of socialist revolutionary ideals...
July 7, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691838/boys-do-n-t-cry-addressing-the-unmet-mental-health-needs-of-african-american-boys
#18
Michael A Lindsey, Danica R Brown, Michael Cunningham
If African American boys are contemplating taking their lives at early ages, the hope for future generations is challenging at best. What is going on in African American communities that there is a lack of safe spaces for boys to express their emotions and to share their travails with supportive networks in lieu of ending their lives? The situation of African American boys (ages 5-11) committing suicide at higher levels-more than any other group-and the recent studies regarding the rising rates of suicide among African American adolescent boys (12 and older) call for greater reflection and more discourse around the mental health challenges faced by this group...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688085/fit-for-purpose-and-modern-validity-theory-in-clinical-outcomes-assessment
#19
Michael C Edwards, Ashley Slagle, Jonathan D Rubright, R J Wirth
PURPOSE: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as part of its regulatory mission, is charged with determining whether a clinical outcome assessment (COA) is "fit for purpose" when used in clinical trials to support drug approval and product labeling. In this paper, we will provide a review (and some commentary) on the current state of affairs in COA development/evaluation/use with a focus on one aspect: How do you know you are measuring the right thing? In the psychometric literature, this concept is referred to broadly as validity and has itself evolved over many years of research and application...
July 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686498/perceptions-of-unprofessional-attitudes-and-behaviors-implications-for-faculty-role-modeling-and-teaching-professionalism-during-pathology-residency
#20
Mark D Brissette, Kristen A Johnson, Patricia M Raciti, Cindy B McCloskey, Dita A Gratzinger, Richard Michael Conran, Ronald E Domen, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cory Anthony Roberts, Amyn M Rojiani, Suzanne Zein-Eldin Powell
CONTEXT: - Changes occurring in medicine have raised issues about medical professionalism. Professionalism is included in the Core Competencies and Milestones for all pathology residents. Previous studies have looked at resident professionalism attitudes and behaviors in primary care but none have looked specifically at pathology. OBJECTIVE: - To examine behavior and attitudes toward professionalism within pathology and to determine how professionalism is taught in residency programs...
July 7, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
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