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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351085/how-to-prepare-interprofessional-teams-in-two-weeks-an-innovative-education-program-nested-in-telehealth
#1
Tina Sweeney Haney, Karen Kott, Carolyn M Rutledge, Bruce Britton, Christianne Nesbitt Fowler, Rebecca D Poston
PROBLEM: Preparing health professional students for interprofessional collaborative practice, especially at a distance where provider shortages prevail remains difficult. APPROACH: A two-week interprofessional education (IPE) immersion experience preparing students from 11 disciplines and four universities was implemented. Week-one, using online technology, students develop/present an interprofessional careplan for a complex patient. Students then meet face-to-face to conduct group interviews with two standardized patient dyads...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349852/what-really-matters-to-people-with-aphasia-when-it-comes-to-group-work-a-qualitative-investigation-of-factors-impacting-participation-and-integration
#2
Lucette Lanyon, Linda Worrall, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Participation in a group environment is an inherently complex undertaking for people with aphasia. It involves engaging in multi-person interactions with other people who may have a range of communication strengths and strategies at their disposal. The potential challenges of community aphasia-group participation and practice has had limited attention in the research literature. Evidence from group users have primarily been drawn from the perspective of long-term members or those participating in highly specific and time-bound groups...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347870/incorporating-living-from-the-heart-into-medical-education
#3
Miranda K Boggild, Wayne L Gold, Lisa Richardson, Kanae Kinoshita
Medical training poses many challenges to trainees' wellbeing. To address the impact of learning in a high turnover, high volume, acute care setting in the General Internal Medicine Clinical Teaching Unit, the Chief Medical Resident, in this personal account, shares how she and the Spiritual Care Practitioner united to form an innovative partnership. The introduction of the skills of spiritual care practitioners, generally referred to patients and families, to support medical students and residents resulted in the co-development and co-implementation of a unique, reflective, one-hour session...
January 18, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345092/-known-unknowns-examining-the-burden-of-neurocognitive-impairment-in-the-end-stage-renal-failure-population
#4
REVIEW
Scott Wilson, Arup Dhar, Peter Tregaskis, Gavin Lambert, David Barton, Rowan Walker
The burden of neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in patients receiving maintenance dialysis represents a spectrum of deficits across multiple cognitive domains which are associated with hospitalisation, reduced quality-of-life, mortality and forced decision-making around dialysis withdrawal. Point prevalence data suggests that dialysis patients manifest NCI at rates 3-5 fold higher than the general population with executive function the most commonly affected cognitive domain. The unique physiology of the renal failure state and maintenance dialysis appears to drive an excess of vascular dementia subtype compared to the general population where classical Alzheimer's disease predominates...
January 18, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340448/-uses-of-madness-towards-the-recognition-of-new-interpretations-of-human-suffering
#5
Miguel Salas Soneira
This article addresses the controversy associated with the construct schizophrenia/psychosis/madness, indicating the need to acknowledge the multiplicity of experiences and interpretations which arise through the use of the construct. The plurality and complexity intrinsic to the phenomenon, the discrepancies in its possible meanings and the value of first-hand experience are indicated as aspects whose recognition is indispensable to both understanding suffering and confronting it socio-educationally. Using interviews carried out in September 2013 and May 2014 with six people diagnosed at least with schizophrenia, who gave their informed consent to participate, these dimensions are explored...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339011/facilitators-and-barriers-to-healthy-pregnancy-spacing-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-findings-from-the-national-strong-start-initiative
#6
Caitlin Cross-Barnet, Brigette Courtot, Ian Hill, Sarah Benatar, Morgan Cheeks, Jenny Markell
BACKGROUND: Closely spaced, unintended pregnancies are common among Medicaid beneficiaries and create avoidable risks for women and infants, including preterm birth. The Strong Start for Mothers and Newborns Initiative, a program of the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation, intended to prevent preterm birth through psychosocially based enhanced prenatal care in maternity care homes, group prenatal care, and birth centers. Comprehensive care offers the opportunity for education and family planning to promote healthy pregnancy spacing...
January 12, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334748/-how-to-apply-the-ambulatory-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-guidelines-of-the-working-group-for-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-at-slovak-society-of-cardiology
#7
Štefan Farský, Viliam Rus, Katarína Sládeková
Authors have proposed a concept of guidelines for applying the ambulatory complex cardiovascular rehabilitation (ACCVR) into the clinical practice in Slovakia. As a background they have used an actual cardiovascular mortality and morbidity data from home country and abroad as well. They emphasize the non-optimal situation in this aspect which may not be solved by the increasing supporting the invasive revascularization methods and by the intensifying pharmacotherapy only, because the favourable effects of these procedures is timely missing if it is not accompanied by the therapeutic lifestyle changes...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331279/dynamics-of-spatiotemporal-distribution-of-schistosomiasis-in-hubei-province-china
#8
Yan-Yan Chen, Jian-Bing Liu, Yong Jiang, Guo Li, Xiao-Wei Shan, Juan Zhang, Shun-Xiang Cai, Xi-Bao Huang
Schistosomiasis caused by parasitic flatworms of blood flukes, remains a major public health concern in China. The significant progress in controlling schistosomiasis in China over the past decades has resulted in the remarkable reduction in the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma japonicum infection to an extremely low level. Therefore, the elimination of schistosomiasis has been promoted by the Chinese national government. Hubei Province is the major endemic area, that is, along the middle and low reaches of the Yangtze River in the lake and marshland regions of southern China...
January 10, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330992/client-satisfaction-and-decision-making-amongst-females-visiting-family-planning-clinics-in-hyderabad-pakistan
#9
Arbia Memon, Saima Hamid, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Family Planning is the basic right of the human being. It involves decision regarding the number of children and desired space between children by the couple themselves. Quality services involving multiple dimensions build the confidence of the clients and lack of quality is one of the constraints behind incomplete coverage of family planning. Objectives of the current study were to determine the client satisfaction, decision-making process and various influences on clients in adopting family planning methods...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324941/adolescent-health-promotion-based-on-community-centered-arts-education
#10
Anny Giselly Milhome da Costa Farre, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Maria Dalva Dos Santos Alves, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of arts education to health promotion of adolescents in situations of urban social vulnerability. METHOD: Participatory evaluative research, with a qualitative approach, using as a reference the theoretical constructs of Paulo Freire's Conscientization and the Empowerment Evaluation as a method of collecting with adolescents and teachers of an arts education program in the field of the Family Health Strategy. RESULTS: Participants constructed a collective mission that represented the concept of adolescent health promotion...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320788/-competence-based-training-in-the-protected-environment-from-sheltered-space-to-real-life
#11
Christina Quandt, Lars Friedrich
The idea of "learning in a protected environment" is frequently used within the framework of postgradual education in anaesthesiology. However it remains unclear and its exact meaning lies in the eye of the beholder. This paper aims to highlight the definition of the term "protected environment" and its relevance in anaesthesiology. This includes teaching and learning strategies like competence based training and simulation based training in all its variations. We conclude with an attempt to classify the wide variety of Simulators and teaching methods in use including their individual problems transferred into real life situations...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319384/-student-y-or-studious-an-exploration-of-students-perceptions-of-parallel-learning-in-preregistration-physiotherapy-education
#12
James Milligan, Kate Grafton, John A Hammond
BACKGROUND/AIM: Within the United Kingdom (UK), physiotherapy preregistration training is provided at both undergraduate and postgraduate level at 17 higher education institutions (HEIs). Some course teams approach this by teaching preregistration BSc and MSc students simultaneously to meet the same learning outcomes. This is often termed "parallel learning" and it is not known how students perceive this mode of learning. The aim of the study was to explore the perceived benefits and challenges to parallel learning of preregistration BSc and MSc physiotherapy students...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319373/clinical-learning-spaces-crucibles-for-practice-development-in-physiotherapy-clinical-education
#13
Narelle Patton, Joy Higgs, Megan Smith
This paper, through a deep examination of clinical workplaces as learning spaces, uses a holistic interpretation of clinical education and offers a practice development crucible metaphor as a useful way to deepen how clinical education can be conceptualized. An in-depth conceptualization of clinical education is needed if educators are able to develop wise educational practice and optimize the time students spend in clinical learning settings. The research reported here was undertaken in the qualitative paradigm guided by philosophical hermeneutics...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316617/impact-of-smoking-ban-on-passive-smoke-exposure-in-pregnant-non-smokers-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#14
Julia C Schechter, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Cathrine Hoyo, Susan K Murphy, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Scott H Kollins
Prenatal passive smoke exposure raises risk for negative birth outcomes. Legislation regulating public smoking has been shown to impact exposure levels, though fewer studies involving pregnant women have been conducted within the U.S. where bans are inconsistent across regions. This study examined the effect of a ban enacted in the southeastern U.S. on pregnant women's cotinine levels. Additional analyses compared self-reported exposure to cotinine and identified characteristics associated with passive exposure...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316334/geriatric-assessment-of-physical-and-cognitive-functioning-in-a-diverse-cohort-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-a-pilot-study
#15
Laura Plantinga, Benjamin D Tift, Charmayne Dunlop-Thomas, S Sam Lim, C Barrett Bowling, Cristina Drenkard
OBJECTIVE: To use multi-domain functional assessment, commonly performed in geriatric patients but novel among SLE patients, to better understand functional impairment in SLE. METHODS: We recruited 60 adult participants [aged 20-39 (26.7%), 40-59 (50.0%), and ≥60 (23.3%); 80.0% black; 90.0% female] from an existing cohort of SLE patients. During in-person visits (10/16-4/17), we evaluated physical performance (range 0-4; higher scores = better performance); cognitive performance (five fluid cognition domains; adjusted t-scores); and self-reported measures including physical functioning (t-scores), activities of daily living (ADLs), falls, and life-space mobility...
January 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310654/pattern-and-determinants-of-contraceptive-usage-among-women-of-reproductive-age-from-the-digo-community-residing-in-kwale-kenya-results-from-a-cross-sectional-household-survey
#16
Vernon Mochache, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman, Peter Gichangi
BACKGROUND: Contraceptive usage has been associated with improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes. Despite significant resources being allocated to programs, there has been sub-optimal uptake of contraception, especially in the developing world. It is important therefore, to granulate factors that determine uptake and utilization of contraceptive services so as to inform effective programming. METHODS: Between March and December 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among women of reproductive age (WRA) from the Digo community residing in Kwale County, Kenya...
January 8, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278252/beyond-a-politics-of-recrimination-scandal-ethics-and-the-rehabilitation-of-violence
#17
Jamie M Johnson
The practice of contemporary warfare seems to be plagued by scandal. It is often assumed that the act of bearing witness to these moments of ethical failure, in which the relationship between the martial and the ethical breaks down, plays an important role in holding powerful actors to account for their conduct. Considerable faith has been placed in the role of transparency and truth-telling as foundations for normative engagements with war. This article argues that we must be cautious about this investment...
September 2017: Eur J Int Relat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277143/design-for-success-identifying-a-process-for-transitioning-to-an-intensive-online-course-delivery-model-in-health-professions-education
#18
Paige L McDonald, Kenneth J Harwood, Joan T Butler, Karen S Schlumpf, Carson W Eschmann, Daniela Drago
Intensive courses (ICs), or accelerated courses, are gaining popularity in medical and health professions education, particularly as programs adopt e-learning models to negotiate challenges of flexibility, space, cost, and time. In 2014, the Department of Clinical Research and Leadership (CRL) at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences began the process of transitioning two online 15-week graduate programs to an IC model. Within a year, a third program also transitioned to this model...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274931/external-validity-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-pdsq-in-a-clinical-sample
#19
Hana Perkey, Samuel Justin Sinclair, Mark Blais, Michelle B Stein, Pilar Neal, Austin Drew Pierson, Jenelle Slavin-Mulford
This study contributes to the convergent and discriminant validity of the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) by investigating its correlations with the relevant clinical scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and life space variables, such as relationship status, education level, job loss, and history of suicide attempts. Bivariate correlations were calculated for a sample of 254 psychiatric outpatients. The results indicated that the PDSQ scales demonstrated good to excellent convergent and discriminant validity with target scales from the PAI...
December 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261540/looking-back-to-move-forward-first-year-medical-students-meta-reflections-on-their-narrative-portfolio-writings
#20
Hetty Cunningham, Delphine Taylor, Urmi A Desai, Samuel C Quiah, Benjamin Kaplan, Lorraine Fei, Marina Catallozzi, Boyd Richards, Dorene F Balmer, Rita Charon
The day-to-day rigors of medical education often preclude learners from gaining a longitudinal perspective on who they are becoming. Furthermore, the current focus on competencies, coupled with concerning rates of trainee burnout and a decline in empathy, have fueled the search for pedagogic tools to foster students' reflective capacity. In response, many scholars have looked to the tradition of narrative medicine to foster "reflective spaces" wherein holistic professional identity construction can be supported...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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