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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194689/exploring-physician-perspectives-of-residency-holdover-handoffs-a-qualitative-study-to-understand-an-increasingly-important-type-of-handoff
#1
Jonathan A Duong, Trevor P Jensen, Sasha Morduchowicz, Michelle Mourad, James D Harrison, Sumant R Ranji
BACKGROUND: The term "holdover admissions" refers to patients admitted by an overnight physician and whose care is then transferred to a new primary team the next morning. Descriptions of the holdover process in internal medicine are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To identify important factors affecting the quality of holdover handoffs at an internal medicine (IM) residency program and to compare them to previously identified factors for other handoffs. DESIGN: We undertook a qualitative study using structured focus groups and interviews...
February 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194581/the-impact-of-massed-and-spaced-out-curriculum-in-oncology-knowledge-acquisition
#2
Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Wytze S Aalders, Jakob de Vries, René A Tio
Starting in 2009, cancer has been the leading cause of death in the Netherlands. Oncology is therefore an important part of the medical curriculum in undergraduate education. It is crucial that medical students know about cancer, since doctors will encounter many cases of oncology. We have compared the influence that teaching oncology has when spread over a 3-year curriculum versus concentrated in one semester. The participants comprised 525 medical students from one medical school with comprehensive integrated curricula...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193377/another-time-another-space-the-evolution-of-the-virtual-journal-club
#3
REVIEW
Alison L Chetlen, Carol M Dell, Agnieszka O Solberg, Hansel J Otero, Kirsteen R Burton, Matthew T Heller, Nikita Lakomkin, Stephane L Desouches, Stacy E Smith
Virtual journal clubs (VJCs) provide a standardized, easily accessible forum for evidence-based discussion. The new virtual reality setting in which journal clubs and other online education events now take place offers great advantages and new opportunities for radiologists in academic medicine and private practice. VJCs continue to evolve, largely due to many emerging technologies and platforms. VJCs will continue to play an increasingly important role in medical education, interdisciplinary interaction, and multi-institutional collaboration...
March 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187874/falling-while-walking-a-hidden-contributor-to-pedestrian-injury
#4
Jennifer Oxley, Steve O'Hern, Duane Burtt, Ben Rossiter
Walking is a sustainable mode of transportation which is beneficial to both individuals and to the broader community, however, there are risks and it is essential that road design and operation provides safe conditions for walking. In Victoria, pedestrians represent one of the most vulnerable road user groups, accounting for approximately 12% of all road fatalities and serious injuries. These figures largely represent injuries where the pedestrian has been struck by a vehicle with the extent of pedestrian-only injuries largely un-reported...
February 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179464/increased-default-mode-network-centrality-in-cognitively-impaired-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#5
Anand J C Eijlers, Kim A Meijer, Thomas M Wassenaar, Martijn D Steenwijk, Bernard M J Uitdehaag, Frederik Barkhof, Alle M Wink, Jeroen J G Geurts, Menno M Schoonheim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how changes in functional network hierarchy determine cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A cohort consisting of 332 patients with MS (age 48.1 ± 11.0 years, symptom duration 14.6 ± 8.4 years) and 96 healthy controls (HCs; age 45.9 ± 10.4 years) underwent structural MRI, fMRI, and extensive neuropsychological testing. Patients were divided into 3 groups: cognitively impaired (CI; n = 87), mildly cognitively impaired (MCI; n = 65), and cognitively preserved (CP; n = 180)...
February 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170407/spatial-heterogeneity-and-risk-factors-for-stunting-among-children-under-age-five-in-ethiopia-a-bayesian-geo-statistical-model
#6
Seifu Hagos, Damen Hailemariam, Tasew WoldeHanna, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: Understanding the spatial distribution of stunting and underlying factors operating at meso-scale is of paramount importance for intervention designing and implementations. Yet, little is known about the spatial distribution of stunting and some discrepancies are documented on the relative importance of reported risk factors. Therefore, the present study aims at exploring the spatial distribution of stunting at meso- (district) scale, and evaluates the effect of spatial dependency on the identification of risk factors and their relative contribution to the occurrence of stunting and severe stunting in a rural area of Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169154/motor-competence-and-characteristics-within-the-preschool-environment
#7
Larissa True, Karin Allor Pfeiffer, Marsha Dowda, Harriet G Williams, William H Brown, Jennifer R O'Neill, Russell R Pate
OBJECTIVES: Environmental characteristics within preschools that influence children's motor competence are largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to examine the contribution of various preschool environmental characteristics to children's locomotor, object control, and total gross motor scores. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study of 3-5 year-old children (n=229) from 22 preschools in South Carolina. METHODS: The Children's Activity and Movement in Preschool Study (CHAMPS) Motor Skills Protocol assessed MC...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166300/impacts-of-human-related-practices-on-ommatissus-lybicus-infestations-of-date-palm-in-oman
#8
Khalifa M Al-Kindi, Paul Kwan, Nigel R Andrew, Mitchell Welch
Date palm cultivation is economically important in the Sultanate of Oman, with significant financial investments coming from both the government and private individuals. However, a widespread Dubas bug (DB) (Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin) infestation has impacted regions including the Middle East, North Africa, Southeast Russia, and Spain, resulting in widespread damages to date palms. In this study, techniques in spatial statistics including ordinary least squares (OLS), geographically weighted regression (GRW), and exploratory regression (ER) were applied to (a) model the correlation between DB infestations and human-related practices that include irrigation methods, row spacing, palm tree density, and management of undercover and intercropped vegetation, and (b) predict the locations of future DB infestations in northern Oman...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152808/ambulatory-redesign-strategies-for-quality-improvement-in-patient-care
#9
Catherine A Lyons, Nancy Smith, Maureen McGlennon, Terri L Parker, Carolyn Truini, Maureen Major-Campos, Jill Lacy, Karen Michaels, Vanna Dest, Richard Lisitano, Kerin B Adelson, Rogerio Lilenbaum
: 85 Background: Growing outpatient volume poses patient flow challenges, making it difficult to accommodate the complexities of academic medical practice. Volume increases create operational inefficiencies like delays in lab turnaround time (TAT) and limited rooming capacity resulting in delays in patient access and reduced provider productivity. These bottlenecks negatively impact patient satisfaction. METHODS: Four multidisciplinary teams assessed barriers to patient flow in the lab, rooming and scheduling process...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141730/-footprints-in-the-bathroom-the-role-of-spirituality-in-patient-diagnosis
#10
Veronica Meneses, Douglas Vanderbilt, Linda Barnes, Marilyn Augustyn
Lucy is a 12-year-old Latina whose mother brought her to the pediatric clinic for help with her anxiety symptoms, "hearing voices," and episodes of "spacing out." Lucy did not cry at birth secondary to vocal cord paralysis and still has the tracheostomy performed at a few days of life. In addition to her neonatal intensive care unit stay, she has been hospitalized for pneumonia. Her mother says she is "sickly" and has a weak immune system due to her asthma symptoms. Lucy also experiences somatic complaints related to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140703/a-longitudinal-online-interprofessional-education-experience-involving-family-nurse-practitioner-students-and-pharmacy-students
#11
Andrea Collins, Amy Broeseker, Jill Cunningham, Cyndi Cortes, Jennifer Beall, Amy Bigham, Jongwha Chang
Interprofessional education (IPE) continues to gain traction worldwide. Challenges integrating IPE into health profession programmes include finding convenient times, meeting spaces, and level-appropriate assignments for each profession. This article describes the implementation of a 21-month prospective cohort study pilot programme for the Master of Science in nursing family nurse practitioner (FNP) and doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students at a private university in the United States. This IPE experience utilised a blended approach for the learning activities; these students had initial and final sessions where they met face-to-face, with asynchronous online activities between these two sessions...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135477/an-exploratory-thematic-analysis-of-the-breastfeeding-experience-of-students-at-a-canadian-university
#12
Jenna Mackenzie West, Jessica Power, Kathryn Hayward, Phillip Joy
BACKGROUND: The demographic of today's university student includes breastfeeding mothers. Few studies have examined the breastfeeding experience that women face upon their return to school. Research aim: The purpose of this research was to explore the breastfeeding experience of students on a university campus. METHODS: This qualitative study used semistructured interviews. Responses were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded according to common themes using MAXQDA software...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130692/comprehensive-sexuality-education-as-a-longitudinal-predictor-of-lgbtq-name-calling-and-perceived-willingness-to-intervene-in-school
#13
Laura Baams, Judith Semon Dubas, Marcel A G van Aken
Comprehensive sexuality education and sexuality education that is inclusive to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth is thought to educate and support youth in their social relations. Despite the obligation for Dutch schools to cover sexuality education in their curricula, including the topic of sexual diversity, the content that is covered varies widely across schools. With the current study, we present an overview of the content of sexuality education as reported by a sample of 601 Dutch adolescents (58...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122272/nicaraguan-and-us-nursing-collaborative-evaluation-study-identifying-similarities-and-differences-between-us-and-nicaraguan-curricula-and-teaching-modalities-using-the-community-engagement-model
#14
Donna Lake, Martha K Engelke, Debra A Kosko, Donna W Roberson, Joba Fany Jaime, Feliciana Rojas López, Fidelia Mercedes Poveda Rivas, Yolanda Matute Salazar, Juana Julia Salmeron
BACKGROUND: Curricula evaluation is an essential phase of curriculum development. Study describes the implementation of a formative evaluation used by faculty members between Universidad Nacional Autonóma de Nicaragua (UNAN-Leon) Escuela de Enfermeriá, Nicaragua and East Carolina University College of Nursing (ECU CON) in North Carolina, US. OBJECTIVES: Program evaluation study to conduct an assessment, comparison of a medical-surgical adult curriculum and teaching modalities...
January 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118476/blending-simulation-based-learning-and-interpretative-pedagogy-for-undergraduate-leadership-competency-development
#15
Charmaine McPherson, Cathy MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Effective leadership is an essential component guiding nursing activity and influencing health systems, health workers, and patient outcomes. Despite this evidence, undergraduate nursing programs may not be adequately preparing graduates to effectively engage in leadership practice. METHOD: This article describes an educational innovation designed to support prelicensure leadership competency development. The authors blended simulation-based learning (SBL) with an interpretative pedagogical frame in a senior nursing leadership course at a primarily undergraduate university...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118129/cde-perspectives-of-providing-new-onset-type-1-diabetes-education-using-formal-vignettes-and-simulation
#16
Neesha Ramchandani, Kim Johnson, Karen Cullen, Terri Hamm, Jean Bisordi, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
Purpose The purpose of this article is to describe the 4 Parent Education Through Simulation-Diabetes (PETS-D) nurse certified diabetes educators' (CDEs) perspectives of teaching parents of children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) early diabetes management skills using formal vignettes and a human patient simulator/human patient simulation (HPS) to augment/enhance the teaching-learning process. Methods A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Four CDEs were interviewed by phone about their teaching experiences...
February 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117541/the-effect-of-repeated-testing-vs-repeated-practice-on-skills-learning-in-undergraduate-dental-education
#17
S Sennhenn-Kirchner, Y Goerlich, B Kirchner, M Notbohm, S Schiekirka, A Simmenroth, T Raupach
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in undergraduate medical education have demonstrated the advantage of repeated testing over repeated practice with regard to knowledge and skills retention. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this "testing effect" also applies to skills retention in undergraduate dental education. METHODS: In this prospective, randomised controlled trial, fourth-year dental students at Göttingen University Medical Centre participated in a training session on surgical suturing in winter term 2014/2015...
January 24, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111250/effects-of-practice-and-delays-on-learning-and-retention-of-skilled-tool-use-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Holly A Fernandes, Norman W Park, Quincy J Almeida
Previous research has shown that individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) show preserved learning of tool-related motor skills, while retention was impaired after a three-week delay, possibly as a result of striatal dysfunction. The goal of the current study was to identify if shorter delays and more extensive practice might reduce retention deficits related to complex tool use in PD. PD participants and healthy age and education-matched controls were trained to use novel tools across four sessions, spaced one-day, one-week, and three-weeks apart...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109735/implementation-and-evaluation-of-two-educational-strategies-to-improve-screening-for-eating-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#19
Holly C Gooding, Elizabeth Cheever, Sara F Forman, Jonathan Hatoun, Farah Jooma, Currie Touloumtzis, Louis Vernacchio
PURPOSE: Routine screening for disordered eating or body image concerns is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. We evaluated the ability of two educational interventions to increase screening for eating disorders in pediatric primary care practice, predicting that the "active-learning" group would have an increase in documented screening after intervention. METHODS: We studied 303 practitioners in a large independent practice association located in the northeastern United States...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106360/federal-policy-for-the-protection-of-human-subjects-final-rule
#20
(no author information available yet)
The departments and agencies listed in this document announce revisions to modernize, strengthen, and make more effective the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects that was originally promulgated as a Common Rule in 1991. This final rule is intended to better protect human subjects involved in research, while facilitating valuable research and reducing burden, delay, and ambiguity for investigators. These revisions are an effort to modernize, simplify, and enhance the current system of oversight...
January 19, 2017: Federal Register
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