keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mani k thomas

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467610/open-science-meets-stem-cells-a-new-drug-discovery-approach-for-neurodegenerative-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Chanshuai Han, Mathilde Chaineau, Carol X-Q Chen, Lenore K Beitel, Thomas M Durcan
Neurodegenerative diseases are a challenge for drug discovery, as the biological mechanisms are complex and poorly understood, with a paucity of models that faithfully recapitulate these disorders. Recent advances in stem cell technology have provided a paradigm shift, providing researchers with tools to generate human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from patient cells. With the potential to generate any human cell type, we can now generate human neurons and develop "first-of-their-kind" disease-relevant assays for small molecule screening...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465396/a-dynamic-mechanism-for-allosteric-activation-of-aurora-kinase-a-by-activation-loop-phosphorylation
#2
Emily F Ruff, Joseph M Muretta, Andrew R Thompson, Eric W Lake, Soreen Cyphers, Steven K Albanese, Sonya M Hanson, Julie M Behr, David D Thomas, John D Chodera, Nicholas M Levinson
Many eukaryotic protein kinases are activated by phosphorylation on a specific conserved residue in the regulatory activation loop, a post-translational modification thought to stabilize the active DFG-In state of the catalytic domain. Here we use a battery of spectroscopic methods that track different catalytic elements of the kinase domain to show that the ~100-fold activation of the mitotic kinase Aurora A (AurA) by phosphorylation occurs without a population shift from the DFG-Out to the DFG-In state, and that the activation loop of the activated kinase remains highly dynamic...
February 21, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456764/integrative-analysis-of-the-epigenetic-basis-of-muscle-invasive-urothelial-carcinoma
#3
Thomas Sanford, Maxwell V Meng, Reema Railkar, Piyush K Agarwal, Sima P Porten
Background: Elucidation of epigenetic alterations in bladder cancer will lead to further understanding of the biology of the disease and hopefully improved therapies. Our aim was to perform an integrative epigenetic analysis of invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder to identify the epigenetic abnormalities involved in the development and progression of this cancer. Methods: Pre-processed methylation data and RNA-seq data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and processed using the R package TCGA-Assembler...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455390/utility-of-multiple-rule-out-ct-screening-of-high-risk-atraumatic-patients-in-an-emergency-department-a-feasibility-study
#4
Mia M Pries-Heje, Rasmus B Hasselbalch, Henriette Raaschou, Bijan Rezanavaz-Gheshlagh, Hanne Heebøll, Shazia Rehman, Mariana Kristensen, Erik Henning Andersen, Lisbet Ravn, Michel C Nèmery, Morten N Lind, Thomas Boel, Peter Sommer Ulriksen, Kasper K Iversen
BACKGROUND: Several large trials have evaluated the effect of CT screening based on specific symptoms, with varying outcomes. Screening of patients with CT based on their prognosis alone has not been examined before. For moderate-to-high risk patients presenting in the emergency department (ED), the potential gain from a CT scan might outweigh the risk of radiation exposure. We hypothesized that an accelerated "multiple rule out" CT screening of moderate-to-high risk patients will detect many clinically unrecognized diagnoses that affect change in treatment...
February 17, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453336/alternative-splicing-of-alcam-enables-tunable-regulation-of-cell-cell-adhesion-through-differential-proteolysis
#5
Katie E Hebron, Elizabeth Y Li, Shanna A Arnold Egloff, Ariana K von Lersner, Chase Taylor, Joep Houkes, David K Flaherty, Adel Eskaros, Thomas P Stricker, Andries Zijlstra
While many adhesion receptors are known to influence tumor progression, the mechanisms by which they dynamically regulate cell-cell adhesion remain elusive. We previously identified Activated Leukocyte Cell Adhesion Molecule (ALCAM) as a clinically relevant driver of metastasis and hypothesized that a tunable mechanism of ectodomain shedding regulates its contribution to dissemination. To test this hypothesis, we examined an under-explored ALCAM splice variant (ALCAM-Iso2) and demonstrated that loss of the membrane-proximal region of ALCAM (exon 13) increased metastasis four-fold...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450107/macrogenomic-engineering-via-modulation-of-the-scaling-of-chromatin-packing-density
#6
Luay M Almassalha, Greta M Bauer, Wenli Wu, Lusik Cherkezyan, Di Zhang, Alexis Kendra, Scott Gladstein, John E Chandler, David VanDerway, Brandon-Luke L Seagle, Andrey Ugolkov, Daniel D Billadeau, Thomas V O'Halloran, Andrew P Mazar, Hemant K Roy, Igal Szleifer, Shohreh Shahabi, Vadim Backman
Many human diseases result from the dysregulation of the complex interactions between tens to thousands of genes. However, approaches for the transcriptional modulation of many genes simultaneously in a predictive manner are lacking. Here, through the combination of simulations, systems modelling and in vitro experiments, we provide a physical regulatory framework based on chromatin packing-density heterogeneity for modulating the genomic information space. Because transcriptional interactions are essentially chemical reactions, they depend largely on the local physical nanoenvironment...
November 2017: Nature Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443976/how-many-human-proteoforms-are-there
#7
Ruedi Aebersold, Jeffrey N Agar, I Jonathan Amster, Mark S Baker, Carolyn R Bertozzi, Emily S Boja, Catherine E Costello, Benjamin F Cravatt, Catherine Fenselau, Benjamin A Garcia, Ying Ge, Jeremy Gunawardena, Ronald C Hendrickson, Paul J Hergenrother, Christian G Huber, Alexander R Ivanov, Ole N Jensen, Michael C Jewett, Neil L Kelleher, Laura L Kiessling, Nevan J Krogan, Martin R Larsen, Joseph A Loo, Rachel R Ogorzalek Loo, Emma Lundberg, Michael J MacCoss, Parag Mallick, Vamsi K Mootha, Milan Mrksich, Tom W Muir, Steven M Patrie, James J Pesavento, Sharon J Pitteri, Henry Rodriguez, Alan Saghatelian, Wendy Sandoval, Hartmut Schlüter, Salvatore Sechi, Sarah A Slavoff, Lloyd M Smith, Michael P Snyder, Paul M Thomas, Mathias Uhlén, Jennifer E Van Eyk, Marc Vidal, David R Walt, Forest M White, Evan R Williams, Therese Wohlschlager, Vicki H Wysocki, Nathan A Yates, Nicolas L Young, Bing Zhang
Despite decades of accumulated knowledge about proteins and their post-translational modifications (PTMs), numerous questions remain regarding their molecular composition and biological function. One of the most fundamental queries is the extent to which the combinations of DNA-, RNA- and PTM-level variations explode the complexity of the human proteome. Here, we outline what we know from current databases and measurement strategies including mass spectrometry-based proteomics. In doing so, we examine prevailing notions about the number of modifications displayed on human proteins and how they combine to generate the protein diversity underlying health and disease...
February 14, 2018: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440390/high-dietary-fat-and-sucrose-results-in-an-extensive-and-time-dependent-deterioration-in-health-of-multiple-physiological-systems-in-mice
#8
James G Burchfield, Melkam A Kebede, Christopher C Meoli, Jacqueline Stöckli, P Tess Whitworth, Amanda L Wright, Nolan J Hoffman, Annabel Y Minard, Xiuquan Ma, James R Krycer, Marin E Nelson, Shi-Xiong Tan, Belinda Yau, Kristen C Thomas, Natalie K Y Wee, Ee-Cheng Khor, Ronaldo F Enriquez, Bryce Vissel, Trevor J Biden, Paul A Baldock, Kyle L Hoehn, James Cantley, Gregory J Cooney, David E James, Daniel J Fazakerley
Obesity is associated with metabolic dysfunction, including insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia, and with disorders such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and neurodegeneration. Typically, these pathologies are examined in discrete model systems and with limited temporal resolution, and whether these disorders co-occur is therefore unclear. To address this question, we examined multiple physiological systems in male C57BL/6J mice following prolonged exposure to a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (HFHSD)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432175/uterine-influences-on-conceptus-development-in-fertility-classified-animals
#9
Joao G N Moraes, Susanta K Behura, Thomas W Geary, Peter J Hansen, Holly L Neibergs, Thomas E Spencer
A major unresolved issue is how the uterus influences infertility and subfertility in cattle. Serial embryo transfer was previously used to classify heifers as high-fertile (HF), subfertile (SF), or infertile (IF). To assess pregnancy loss, two in vivo-produced embryos were transferred into HF, SF, and IF heifers on day 7, and pregnancy outcome was assessed on day 17. Pregnancy rate was substantially higher in HF (71%) and SF (90%) than IF (20%) heifers. Elongating conceptuses were about twofold longer in HF than SF heifers...
February 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414996/chronic-morphine-exposure-potentiates-p-glycoprotein-trafficking-from-nuclear-reservoirs-in-cortical-rat-brain-microvessels
#10
Charles P Schaefer, Nathan B Arkwright, Leigh M Jacobs, Chelsea K Jarvis, Kristen C Hunn, Tally M Largent-Milnes, Margaret E Tome, Thomas P Davis
The rates of opioid prescription and use have continued to increase over the last few decades resulting in a greater number of opioid tolerant patients. Treatment of acute pain from surgery and injury is a clinical challenge for these patients. Several pain management strategies including prescribing increased opioids are used clinically with limited success; all currently available strategies have significant limitations. Many opioids are a substrate for p-glycoprotein (p-gp), an efflux transporter at the blood-brain barrier (BBB)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413439/combined-pet-dce-mri-in-a-rabbit%C3%A2-model%C3%A2-of-atherosclerosis-integrated-quantification-of-plaque-inflammation-permeability-and-burden-during-treatment-with-a-leukotriene-a4-hydrolase-inhibitor
#11
Claudia Calcagno, Olivier Lairez, Julie Hawkins, Steven W Kerr, Melanie S Dugas, Thomas Simpson, Jelle Epskamp, Philip M Robson, Mootaz Eldib, Ilda Bander, Purushothaman K-Raman, Sarayu Ramachandran, Alison Pruzan, Audrey Kaufman, Venkatesh Mani, Alexander Ehlgen, Heiko G Niessen, John Broadwater, Zahi A Fayad
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to develop combined positron emission tomography (PET) dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to quantify plaque inflammation, permeability, and burden to evaluate the efficacy of a leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H) inhibitor in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND: Multimodality PET/MRI allows combining the quantification of atherosclerotic plaque inflammation, neovascularization, permeability, and burden by combined 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET, DCE-MRI, and morphological MRI...
February 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389750/18f-florbetapir-positron-emission-tomography-determined-cerebral-%C3%AE-amyloid-deposition-and-neurocognitive-performance-after-cardiac-surgery
#12
Rebecca Y Klinger, Olga G James, Salvador Borges-Neto, Tiffany Bisanar, Yi-Ju Li, Wenjing Qi, Miles Berger, Niccolò Terrando, Mark F Newman, P Murali Doraiswamy, Joseph P Mathew, Michael W Weiner, Paul Aisen, Michael Weiner, Paul Aisen, Ronald Petersen, Clifford R Jack, William Jagust, John Q Trojanowki, Arthur W Toga, Laurel Beckett, Robert C Green, Andrew J Saykin, John Morris, Leslie M Shaw, Zaven Khachaturian, Greg Sorensen, Maria Carrillo, Lew Kuller, Marc Raichle, Steven Paul, Peter Davies, Howard Fillit, Franz Hefti, David Holtzman, M Marcel Mesulam, William Potter, Peter Snyder, Adam Schwartz, Robert C Green, Tom Montine, Ronald Petersen, Paul Aisen, Ronald G Thomas, Michael Donohue, Sarah Walter, Devon Gessert, Tamie Sather, Gus Jiminez, Archana B Balasubramanian, Jennifer Mason, Iris Sim, Laurel Beckett, Danielle Harvey, Michael Donohue, Clifford R Jack, Matthew Bernstein, Nick Fox, Paul Thompson, Norbert Schuff, Charles DeCArli, Bret Borowski, Jeff Gunter, Matt Senjem, Prashanthi Vemuri, David Jones, Kejal Kantarci, Chad Ward, William Jagust, Robert A Koeppe, Norm Foster, Eric M Reiman, Kewei Chen, Chet Mathis, Susan Landau, John C Morris, Louis Nigel J Cairns, Erin Franklin, Lisa Taylor-Reinwald, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowki, Virginia Lee, Magdalena Korecka, Michal Figurski, Arthur W Toga, Karen Crawford, Scott Neu, Andrew J Saykin, Tatiana M Foroud, Steven Potkin, Li Shen, Kelley Faber, Sungeun Kim, Kwangsik Nho, Michael W Weiner, Lean Thal, Zaven Khachaturian, Leon Thal, Neil Buckholtz, Michael W Weiner, Peter J Snyder, William Potter, Steven Paul, Marilyn Albert, Richard Frank, Zaven Khachaturian, John Hsiao, Jeffrey Kaye, Joseph Quinn, Lisa Silbert, Betty Lind, Raina Carter, Sara Dolen, Lon S Schneider, Sonia Pawluczyk, Mauricio Becerra, Liberty Teodoro, Bryan M Spann, James Brewer, Helen Vanderswag, Adam Fleisher, Judith L Heidebrink, Joanne L Lord, Ronald Petersen, Sara S Mason, Colleen S Albers, David Knopman, Kris Johnson, Rachelle S Doody, Javier Villanueva-Meyer, Valory Pavlik, Victoria Shibley, Munir Chowdhury, Susan Rountree, Mimi Dang, Yaakov Stern, Lawrence S Honig, Karen L Bell, Beau Ances, John C Morris, Maria Carroll, Mary L Creech, Erin Franklin, Mark A Mintun, Stacy Schneider, Angela Oliver, Daniel Marson, David Geldmacher, Marissa Natelson Love, Randall Griffith, David Clark, John Brockington, Erik Roberson, Hillel Grossman, Effie Mitsis, Raj C Shah, Leyla deToledo-Morrell, Ranjan Duara, Maria T Greig-Custo, Warren Barker, Marilyn Albert, Chiadi Onyike, Daniel D'Agostino, Stephanie Kielb, Martin Sadowski, Mohammed O Sheikh, Anaztasia Ulysse, Mrunalini Gaikwad, Jeffrey R Petrella, Terence Z Wong, Edward Coleman, Steven E Arnold, Jason H Karlawish, David A Wolk, Christopher M Clark, Charles D Smith, Greg Jicha, Peter Hardy, Partha Sinha, Elizabeth Oates, Gary Conrad, Oscar L Lopez, MaryAnn Oakley, Donna M Simpson, Anton P Porsteinsson, Bonnie S Goldstein, Kim Martin, Kelly M Makino, M Saleem Ismail, Connie Brand, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Kyle Womack, Dana Mathews, Mary Quiceno, Allan I Levey, James J Lah, Janet S Cellar, Jeffrey M Burns, Russell H Swerdlow, William M Brooks, Liana Apostolova, Kathleen Tingus, Ellen Woo, Daniel H S Silverman, Po H Lu, George Bartzokis, Neill R Graff-Radford, Francine Parfitt, Kim Poki-Walker, Martin R Farlow, Ann Marie Hake, Brandy R Matthews, Jared R Brosch, Scott Herring, Christopher H van Dyck, Richard E Carson, Martha G MacAvoy, Pradeep Varma, Howard Chertkow, Howard Bergman, Chris Hosein, Sandra Black, Bojana Stefanovic, Curtis Caldwell, Ging-Yuek, Robin Hsiung, Benita Mudge, Vesna Sossi, Howard Feldman, Michele Assaly, Elizabeth Finger, Stephen Pasternack, Irina Rachisky, Dick Trost, Andrew Kertesz, Charles Bernick, Donna Munic, Marek-Marsel Mesulam, Emily Rogalski, Kristine Lipowski, Sandra Weintraub, Borna Bonakdarpour, Diana Kerwin, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Nancy Johnson, Carl Sadowsky, Teresa Villena, Raymond Scott Turner, Kathleen Johnson, Brigid Reynolds, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Gad Marshall, Jerome Yesavage, Joy L Taylor, Barton Lane, Allyson Rosen, Jared Tinklenberg, Marwan N Sabbagh, Christine M Belden, Sandra A Jacobson, Sherye A Sirrel, Neil Kowall, Ronald Killiany, Andrew E Budson, Alexander Norbash, Patricia Lynn Johnson, Thomas O Obisesan, Saba Wolday, Joanne Allard, Alan Lerner, Paula Ogrocki, Curtis Tatsuoka, Parianne Fatica, Evan Fletcher, Pauline Maillard, John Olichney, Charles DeCarli, Owen Carmichael, Smita Kittur, Michael Borrie, T-Y Lee, Dr Rob Bartha, Sterling Johnson, Sanjay Asthana, Cynthia M Carlsson, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Pierre Tariot, Anna Burke, Ann Marie Milliken, Nadira Trncic, Adam Fleisher, Stephanie Reeder, Vernice Bates, Horacio Capote, Michelle Rainka, Douglas W Scharre, Maria Kataki, Brendan Kelley, Earl A Zimmerman, Dzintra Celmins, Alice D Brown, Godfrey D Pearlson, Karen Blank, Karen Anderson, Laura A Flashman, Marc Seltzer, Mary L Hynes, Robert B Santulli, Kaycee M Sink, Leslie Gordineer, Jeff D Williamson, Pradeep Garg, Franklin Watkins, Brian R Ott, Geoffrey Tremont, Lori A Daiello, Stephen Salloway, Paul Malloy, Stephen Correia, Howard J Rosen, Bruce L Miller, David Perry, Jacobo Mintzer, Kenneth Spicer, David Bachman, Elizabeth Finger, Stephen Pasternak, Irina Rachinsky, John Rogers, Andrew Kertesz, Dick Drost, Nunzio Pomara, Raymundo Hernando, Antero Sarrael, Susan K Schultz, Karen Ekstam Smith, Hristina Koleva, Ki Won Nam, Hyungsub Shim, Norman Relkin, Gloria Chiang, Michael Lin, Lisa Ravdin, Amanda Smith, Balebail Ashok Raj, Kristin Fargher, Michael W Weiner, Paul Aisen, Michael Weiner, Paul Aisen, Ronald Petersen, Robert C Green, Danielle Harvey, Clifford R Jack, William Jagust, John C Morris, Andrew J Saykin, Leslie M Shaw, Arthur W Toga, John Q Trojanowki, Thomas Neylan, Jordan Grafman, Jordan Grafman, Robert C Green, Tom Montine, Michael Weiner, Ronald Petersen, Paul Aisen, Ronald G Thomas, Michael Donohue, Devon Gessert, Tamie Sather, Melissa Davis, Rosemary Morrison, Gus Jiminez, Thomas Neylan, Jacqueline Hayes, Shannon Finely, Danielle Harvey, Michael Donohue, Clifford R Jack, Matthew Bernstein, Bret Borowski, Jeff Gunter, Matt Senjem, Kejal Kantarci, Chad Ward, William Jagust, Robert A Koeppe, Norm Foster, Eric M Reiman, Kewei Chen, Susan Landau, John C Morris, Nigel J Cairns, Erin Householder, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowki, Virginia Lee, Magdalena Korecka, Michal Figurski, Arthur W Toga, Karen Crawford, Scott Neu, Andrew J Saykin, Tatiana M Foroud, Steven Potkin, Li Shen, Kelley Faber, Sungeun Kim, Kwangsik Nho, Michael W Weiner, Karl Friedl, Lon S Schneider, Sonia Pawluczyk, Mauricio Becerra, James Brewer, Helen Vanderswag, Yaakov Stern, Lawrence S Honig, Karen L Bell, Debra Fleischman, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Raj C Shah, Ranjan Duara, Daniel Varon, Maria T Greig, Jeffrey R Petrella, Anton P Porsteinsson, Bonnie Goldstein, Kimberly S Martin, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Jacobo Mintzer, Dino Massoglia, Olga Brawman-Mintzer, Carl Sadowsky, Walter Martinez, Teresa Villena, William Jagust, Susan Landau, Howard Rosen, David Perry, Raymond Scott Turner, Kelly Behan, Brigid Reynolds, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Gad Marshall, Marwan N Sabbagh, Sandra A Jacobson, Sherye A Sirrel, Thomas O Obisesan, Saba Wolday, Joanne Allard, Sterling C Johnson, J Jay Fruehling, Sandra Harding, Elaine R Peskind, Eric C Petrie, Gail Li, Jerome A Yesavage, Joy L Taylor, Ansgar J Furst, Steven Chao, Norman Relkin, Gloria Chiang, Lisa Ravdin, James A Blumenthal, Jorn A Karhausen, Miklos D Kertai, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Mark Stafford-Smith, Madhav Swaminathan, David S Warner, Bonita L Funk, Narai Balajonda, Rachele Brassard, Mary Cooter, Yanne Toulgoat-Dubois, Peter Waweru, Michael A Babyak, James A Blumenthal, Jeffrey N Browndyke, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Michael H Sketch, Ellen R Bennett, Carmelo Graffagnino, Daniel T Laskowitz, Warren J Strittmatter, Kevin Collins, Greg Smigla, Ian Shearer, Thomas A D'Amico, Mani A Daneshmand, R Jeffrey G Gaca, Donald D Glower, Jack Haney, R David Harpole, Mathew G Hartwig, G Chad Hughes, Jacob A Klapper, Shu S Lin, Andrew J Lodge, Carmelo A Milano, Ryan P Plichta, Jacob N Schroeder, Peter K Smith, Betty C Tong
BACKGROUND: Amyloid deposition is a potential contributor to postoperative cognitive dysfunction. The authors hypothesized that 6-week global cortical amyloid burden, determined by F-florbetapir positron emission tomography, would be greater in those patients manifesting cognitive dysfunction at 6 weeks postoperatively. METHODS: Amyloid deposition was evaluated in cardiac surgical patients at 6 weeks (n = 40) and 1 yr (n = 12); neurocognitive function was assessed at baseline (n = 40), 6 weeks (n = 37), 1 yr (n = 13), and 3 yr (n = 9)...
February 1, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383630/shmuel-malkin-1934-2017-listening-to-photosynthesis-and-making-music
#13
Stephen K Herbert, Yona Siderer, Govindjee
We present here the life and work of Shmuel Malkin (1934-2017), an accomplished scientist and a gifted musician who touched the lives of many around the world. His early scientific work addressed the dynamics of light harvesting and electron transport in photosynthesis. Later, he used photoacoustic and photothermal methodologies to explore all aspects of photosynthesis. As a musician, Shmuel played the piano often for family and friends but after his formal retirement, he produced a body of original musical compositions, many of which were performed publicly...
January 30, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380287/overview-of-current-drugs-and-molecules-in-development-for-spinal-muscular-atrophy-therapy
#14
Hannah K Shorrock, Thomas H Gillingwater, Ewout J N Groen
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurodegenerative disease primarily characterized by a loss of spinal motor neurons, leading to progressive paralysis and premature death in the most severe cases. SMA is caused by homozygous deletion of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene, leading to low levels of SMN protein. However, a second SMN gene (SMN2) exists, which can be therapeutically targeted to increase SMN levels. This has recently led to the first disease-modifying therapy for SMA gaining formal approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA)...
January 29, 2018: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380042/evaluation-of-pterin-a-promising-drug-candidate-from-cyanide-degrading-bacteria
#15
Ramasamy Mahendran, Murugesan Thandeeswaran, Gopikrishnan Kiran, Mani Arulkumar, K A Ayub Nawaz, Jayamanoharan Jabastin, Balraj Janani, Thomas Anto Thomas, Jayaraman Angayarkanni
Pterin is a member of the compounds known as pteridines. They have the same nucleus of 2-amino-4-hydroxypteridine (pterin); however, the side-chain is different at the position 6, and the state of oxidation of the ring may exist in different form viz. tetrahydro, dihydro, or a fully oxidized form. In the present study, the microorganisms able to utilize cyanide, and heavy metals have been tested for the efficient production of pterin compound. The soil samples contaminated with cyanide and heavy metals were collected from Salem steel industries, Tamil Nadu, India...
January 29, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373802/peep-lower-than-the-ards-network-protocol-is-associated-with-higher-pediatric-ards-mortality
#16
Robinder G Khemani, Kaushik Parvathaneni, Nadir Yehya, Anoopindar K Bhalla, Neal J Thomas, Christopher J L Newth
RATIONALE: The ARDS Network used a Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)/FiO2 model in many studies. In general, pediatric intensivists use less PEEP and higher FiO2 than this model. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether children managed with PEEP lower than recommended by the ARDSNet PEEP/FiO2 model had higher mortality. METHODS: Multi-center, retrospective analysis of patients with Pediatric ARDS (PARDS), managed without a formal PEEP/FiO2 protocol...
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369293/cardioclassifier-disease-and-gene-specific-computational-decision-support-for-clinical-genome-interpretation
#17
Nicola Whiffin, Roddy Walsh, Risha Govind, Matthew Edwards, Mian Ahmad, Xiaolei Zhang, Upasana Tayal, Rachel Buchan, William Midwinter, Alicja E Wilk, Hanna Najgebauer, Catherine Francis, Sam Wilkinson, Thomas Monk, Laura Brett, Declan P O'Regan, Sanjay K Prasad, Deborah J Morris-Rosendahl, Paul J R Barton, Elizabeth Edwards, James S Ware, Stuart A Cook
PurposeInternationally adopted variant interpretation guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) are generic and require disease-specific refinement. Here we developed CardioClassifier (http://www.cardioclassifier.org), a semiautomated decision-support tool for inherited cardiac conditions (ICCs).MethodsCardioClassifier integrates data retrieved from multiple sources with user-input case-specific information, through an interactive interface, to support variant interpretation...
January 25, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358651/genomes-of-13-domesticated-and-wild-rice-relatives-highlight-genetic-conservation-turnover-and-innovation-across-the-genus-oryza
#18
Joshua C Stein, Yeisoo Yu, Dario Copetti, Derrick J Zwickl, Li Zhang, Chengjun Zhang, Kapeel Chougule, Dongying Gao, Aiko Iwata, Jose Luis Goicoechea, Sharon Wei, Jun Wang, Yi Liao, Muhua Wang, Julie Jacquemin, Claude Becker, Dave Kudrna, Jianwei Zhang, Carlos E M Londono, Xiang Song, Seunghee Lee, Paul Sanchez, Andrea Zuccolo, Jetty S S Ammiraju, Jayson Talag, Ann Danowitz, Luis F Rivera, Andrea R Gschwend, Christos Noutsos, Cheng-Chieh Wu, Shu-Min Kao, Jhih-Wun Zeng, Fu-Jin Wei, Qiang Zhao, Qi Feng, Moaine El Baidouri, Marie-Christine Carpentier, Eric Lasserre, Richard Cooke, Daniel da Rosa Farias, Luciano Carlos da Maia, Railson S Dos Santos, Kevin G Nyberg, Kenneth L McNally, Ramil Mauleon, Nickolai Alexandrov, Jeremy Schmutz, Dave Flowers, Chuanzhu Fan, Detlef Weigel, Kshirod K Jena, Thomas Wicker, Mingsheng Chen, Bin Han, Robert Henry, Yue-Ie C Hsing, Nori Kurata, Antonio Costa de Oliveira, Olivier Panaud, Scott A Jackson, Carlos A Machado, Michael J Sanderson, Manyuan Long, Doreen Ware, Rod A Wing
The genus Oryza is a model system for the study of molecular evolution over time scales ranging from a few thousand to 15 million years. Using 13 reference genomes spanning the Oryza species tree, we show that despite few large-scale chromosomal rearrangements rapid species diversification is mirrored by lineage-specific emergence and turnover of many novel elements, including transposons, and potential new coding and noncoding genes. Our study resolves controversial areas of the Oryza phylogeny, showing a complex history of introgression among different chromosomes in the young 'AA' subclade containing the two domesticated species...
January 22, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358159/a-natural-language-processing-system-that-links-medical-terms-in-electronic-health-record-notes-to-lay-definitions-system-development-using-physician-reviews
#19
Jinying Chen, Emily Druhl, Balaji Polepalli Ramesh, Thomas K Houston, Cynthia A Brandt, Donna M Zulman, Varsha G Vimalananda, Samir Malkani, Hong Yu
BACKGROUND: Many health care systems now allow patients to access their electronic health record (EHR) notes online through patient portals. Medical jargon in EHR notes can confuse patients, which may interfere with potential benefits of patient access to EHR notes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the usability and content quality of NoteAid, a Web-based natural language processing system that links medical terms in EHR notes to lay definitions, that is, definitions easily understood by lay people...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346527/progesterone-effects-on-extracellular-vesicles-in-the-sheep-uterus
#20
Gregory W Burns, Kelsey E Brooks, Eleanore V O'Neil, Darren E Hagen, Susanta K Behura, Thomas E Spencer
Progesterone (P4) acts via the endometrium to promote conceptus growth and implantation for pregnancy establishment. Many cells release extracellular vesicles (EVs) that are membrane-bound vesicles of endosomal and plasma membrane origin. In sheep, endometrial-derived EVs were found to traffic to the conceptus trophectoderm. Thus, EVs are hypothesized to be an important mode of intercellular communication by transferring select RNAs, proteins, and lipids between the endometrium and conceptus. Electron microscopy analysis found that the endometrial luminal and glandular epithelia were the primary source of EVs in the uterus of cyclic sheep...
January 16, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
keyword
keyword
92738
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"