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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161267/sugar-industry-sponsorship-of-germ-free-rodent-studies-linking-sucrose-to-hyperlipidemia-and-cancer-an-historical-analysis-of-internal-documents
#1
Cristin E Kearns, Dorie Apollonio, Stanton A Glantz
In 1965, the Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) secretly funded a review in the New England Journal of Medicine that discounted evidence linking sucrose consumption to blood lipid levels and hence coronary heart disease (CHD). SRF subsequently funded animal research to evaluate sucrose's CHD risks. The objective of this study was to examine the planning, funding, and internal evaluation of an SRF-funded research project titled "Project 259: Dietary Carbohydrate and Blood Lipids in Germ-Free Rats," led by Dr. W...
November 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157760/the-use-of-aromatherapy-for-postoperative-pain-management-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Varvara Dimitriou, Paraskevi Mavridou, Adamantia Manataki, Dimitrios Damigos
PURPOSE: Aromatherapy (AT) is a complementary therapy recently used in the perianesthetic period. However, the scientific data on its effectiveness are limited. The aim of this systematic review is to present and analyze the results of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that studied the effectiveness of AT as a complementary treatment for postoperative pain. DESIGN: PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were searched from 1965 to December 2015. Nine randomized controlled trials that met the inclusion criteria were eventually included...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153158/a-100-year-review-metabolic-modifiers-in-dairy-cattle-nutrition
#3
R K McGuffey
The first issue of the Journal of Dairy Science in 1917 opened with the text of the speech by Raymond A. Pearson, president of the Iowa State College of Agriculture, at the dedication of the new dairy building at the University of Nebraska (J. Dairy Sci. 1:4-18, 1917). Fittingly, this was the birth of a new research facility and more importantly, the beginning of a new journal devoted to the sciences of milk production and manufacture of products from milk. Metabolic modifiers of dairy cow metabolism enhance, change, or interfere with normal metabolic processes in the ruminant digestive tract or alter postabsorption partitioning of nutrients among body tissues...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145549/generational-differences-in-the-5-year-incidence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#4
Karen J Cruickshanks, David M Nondahl, Lauren J Johnson, Dayna S Dalton, Mary E Fisher, Guan-Hua Huang, Barbara E Klein, Ronald Klein, Carla R Schubert
Importance: Whether a reported decline in the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) continued for people born during the Baby Boom years (1946-1964) or later is unknown. These data are important to plan for ocular health care needs in the 21st century. Objectives: To determine whether the 5-year risk for AMD declined by generation and to identify factors that contributed to improvement in risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the longitudinal cohort Beaver Dam Eye Study (March 1, 1988, through September 15, 1990, and March 1, 1993, through June 15, 1995) and the Beaver Dam Offspring Study (June 8, 2005, through August 4, 2008, and July 12, 2010, through March 21, 2013)...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143591/the-machine-in-the-market-computers-and-the-infrastructure-of-price-at-the-new-york-stock-exchange-1965-1975
#5
Devin Kennedy
This article traces the development and expansion of early computer systems for managing and disseminating 'real-time' market data at the most influential stock market in the United States, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). It follows electronic media at the NYSE over a roughly ten-year period, from the time of the deployment of a computer called the Market Data System (MDS) through debates surrounding the National Market System and the passage of the 1975 Securities Acts Amendments. Building on research at the archives of the NYSE and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), this history emphasizes the regulatory and managerial contexts in which market data became computerized...
December 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142907/social-effects-of-health-care-reform-medicaid-expansion-under-the-affordable-care-act-and-changes-in-volunteering
#6
Heeju Sohn, Stefan Timmermans
Do public health policy interventions result in pro-social behaviors? The Affordable Care Act (ACA)'s Medicaid expansions were responsible for the largest gains in public insurance coverage since its inception in 1965. These gains were concentrated in states that opted to expand Medicaid eligibility and provide a unique opportunity to study not just medical but also social consequences of increased public health coverage. This article examines the association between Medicaid and volunteer work. Volunteerism is implicated in individuals' health and well-being yet it is highly correlated with a person's existing socioeconomic resources...
January 2017: Socius
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139165/secular-change-in-adult-stature-of-modern-greeks
#7
Andreas Bertsatos, Maria-Eleni Chovalopoulou
OBJECTIVES: In Greece, during the late 19th and early 20th century, the rural population adopted a more or less urban lifestyle. Furthermore, the first half of the 20th century finds Greece involved in five major wars, including a civil war, and consequent financial deprivation. This study investigates how the socioeconomic changes in Greece, during this period of time, have affected the stature of its population. METHODS: The Athens collection constitutes our sample with 189 adult individuals (104 males and 85 females)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138998/crafting-socialist-embryology-dialectics-aquaculture-and-the-diverging-discipline-in-maoist-china-1950-1965
#8
Lijing Jiang
In the 1950s, embryology in socialist China underwent a series of changes that adjusted the disciplinary apparatus to suit socialism and the national goal of self-reliance. As the Communist state called on scientists to learn from the Soviets, embryologists' comprehensive view on heredity, which did not contradict Trofim Lysenko (1898-1976)'s doctrines, provided a space for them to advance their discipline. Leading scientists, often trained abroad in the tradition of experimental embryology, rode on the tides of Maoist ideology and repositioned their research...
November 7, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137065/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-bone-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
Federica Recine, Alberto Bongiovanni, Roberto Casadei, Federica Pieri, Nada Riva, Alessandro De Vita, Laura Mercatali, Chiara Liverani, Chiara Spadazzi, Giacomo Miserocchi, Valentina Fausti, Dino Amadori, Toni Ibrahim
RATIONALE: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant sarcoma that can occur in different anatomic sites, including the bone, showing similar histological characteristics but heterogeneous clinical behavior and prognosis. Primary bone LMS was first described in 1965. It is a very rare sarcoma, accounting for <0.7% of all primary malignant bone tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 52-year-old male with primary bone LMS who presented with a solitary osteolytic lesion with focal cortical destruction in the left clavicle, seen on an x-ray and subsequent computed tomography (CT) scan...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134036/review-of-the-tribe-chilocorini-mulsant-from-iran-coleoptera-coccinellidae
#10
Amir Biranvand, Wioletta Tomaszewska, Wenjing Li, Vincent Nicolas, Jahanshir Shakarami, Lida Fekrat, Shahram Hesami
The Iranian checklist of the tribe Chilocorini Mulsant, 1846 (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is updated. In total, 13 species belonging to four genera (Brumoides Chapin, 1965, Chilocorus Leach, 1815, Exochomus Redtenbacher, 1843, and Parexochomus Barovsky, 1922) are listed from Iran. An identification key to all genera and species currently known from Iran is presented along with illustrations of adult specimens and male genitalia.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134013/southern-ocean-echinoids-database-an-updated-version-of-antarctic-sub-antarctic-and-cold-temperate-echinoid-database
#11
Salomé Fabri-Ruiz, Thomas Saucède, Bruno Danis, Bruno David
This database includes over 7,100 georeferenced occurrence records of sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) obtained from samples collected in the Southern Ocean (+180°W/+180°E; -35°/-78°S) during oceanographic cruises led over 150 years, from 1872 to 2015. Echinoids are common organisms of Southern Ocean benthic communities. A total of 201 species is recorded, which display contrasting depth ranges and distribution patterns across austral provinces and bioregions. Echinoid species show various ecological traits including different nutrition and reproductive strategies...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133988/discovery-of-the-genus-nipponodipogon-ishikawa-in-the-oriental-region-with-description-of-two-new-species-from-china-hymenoptera-pompilidae
#12
Valery M Loktionov, Arkady S Lelej, Zai-Fu Xu
The genus Nipponodipogon Ishikawa, 1965 is newly recorded from China (Guangdong, Hainan, and Yunnan) and the Oriental Region. Two new species, N. orientalis Loktionov, Lelej & Xu, sp. n. (Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan) and N. shimizui Loktionov, Lelej & Xu, sp. n. (Guangdong, Yunnan), are described and illustrated. The updated key to the species based on Shimizu et al. (2015) is given.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132525/hepatitis-c-a-new-era
#13
REVIEW
Dee Ann Bragg, Ashley Crowl, Emily Manlove
More than 2 million Americans are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and only about half are aware that they are infected. Primarily blood-borne, risk factors for the virus include injection or intranasal drug use, unregulated tattoos, incarceration, and blood transfusion before 1992. In addition, 75% of those with the virus were born between 1945 and 1965, thus making the baby-boomer cohort a population of screening interest. Because acute and early chronic HCV are often asymptomatic, screening of at-risk individuals is of utmost importance...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129154/predictors-of-drug-resistant-epilepsy-in-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#14
Anna Jeong, Jo Anne Nakagawa, Michael Wong
Utilizing the multicenter TSC (tuberous sclerosis complex) Natural History Database including 2034 subjects, this study aimed to identify predictors of drug-resistant epilepsy in TSC. Basic epilepsy data were available for 1965 individuals in the database. Supplemental data were further collected from 1546 of these subjects through directed site queries, addressing additional epilepsy characteristics including the presence of drug-resistant epilepsy, therapies trialed, and outcomes of specific therapies. Epilepsy was reported in 86...
December 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127265/mortality-and-health-related-habits-in-900-finnish-former-elite-athletes-and-their-brothers
#15
Titta Katariina Kontro, Seppo Sarna, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence on the associations between participation in vigorous sports, health habits, familial factors and subsequent mortality. We investigated all-cause mortality and health-related behaviour among former elite athletes and their brothers. METHODS: The mortality of Finnish male former elite athletes, who had represented Finland between 1920 and 1965 (n=900) and their age-matched brothers (n=900), was followed from the time when athlete started an elite athlete career until 31 December 2015...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126828/imported-malaria-in-bulgaria-status-and-prognosis-after-eradication-in-1965
#16
Iskra G Rainova, Rumen N Harizanov, Iskren T Kaftandjiev, Ognyan D Mikov, Nina D Tsvetkova
BACKGROUND: This retrospective analysis assessed all recorded malaria cases in Bulgaria after 1965, when the country was certified as malaria-free by the World Health Organization (WHO), and evaluated the readiness of the public health system to interrupt an outbreak of local transmission in case of infection importation. METHODS: The cases were analyzed according to causative species; geographic origin of the imported case; and the citizenship, age, and gender of the infected individuals...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118642/a-new-species-of-mongolodiaptomus-kiefer-1938-from-northeast-thailand-and-a-key-to-the-species-crustacea-copepoda-calanoida-diaptomidae
#17
Santi Watiroyram, La-Orsri Sanoamuang
This study describes the new species Mongolodiaptomus loeiensissp. n. collected from a temporary pond nearby a cave located in Loei Province, in northeastern Thailand. Mongolodiaptomus loeiensissp. n. is similar to M. calcarus (Shen & Tai, 1965) in the male but can be distinguished from its congeners by the following unique characteristics in the males: (1) the right caudal ramus has 3 ventral chitinous prominences; (2) intercoxal plate of P5 is produced into 2 spine-like lobes on distal margin; (3) the basis of right P5 has a subglobular chitinous prominence on mid-distal caudal surface; and (4) the principal lateral spine on the right Exp-2 P5 is extremely bent at its tip...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118590/contribution-to-the-knowledge-of-neanurinae-of-vietnam-with-description-of-three-new-species-collembola-neanuridae
#18
Adrian Smolis
Detailed and illustrated descriptions of three new species belonging to the tribe Lobellini from Vietnam are given. Lobellina weineraesp. n. is the most similar to L. minuta (Lee, 1980) and L. musangensis Yosii, 1976, but differs from them in chaetotaxic details and the number of mandibular teeth. Lobellina pomorskiisp. n. differs from L. perfusionides (Stach, 1965) in chaetotaxic details and the number of tubercles on Abd.V. Yuukianura deharvengisp. n. is superficially similar to Y. halophila Yosii, 1955, but it differs in the build of the maxilla, the size of eyes and an inner tooth on the claw, and in chaetotaxic details...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117395/monthly-and-median-costs-of-cancer-drugs-at-the-time-of-fda-approval-1965-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116546/sir-gordon-morgan-holmes-1876-1965-one-of-the-founders-of-modern-neurology
#20
Jarosław Jerzy Sak, Andrzej Grzybowski, Jacek Baj
Sir Gordon Morgan Holmes (1876-1965) was one of the most important founders of modern neurology and a great teacher and scientist. He was the first scientist to challenge the theory of the unitary function of the cerebellum and described cerebellar disorders. Holmes together with Thomas Grainger Stewart (1877-1957) described 40 cases of the rebound phenomenon in cerebellar disease (Stewart-Holmes maneuver or Stewart-Holmes test). He also described the symptoms of inherited neurodegenerative spinocerebellar ataxia involving the olivary nucleus (Gordon-Holmes syndrome)...
November 7, 2017: Neurological Sciences
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