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Khaled Sinjab, Nouf Zimmo, Guo-Hao Lin, Ming-Pang Chung, Lujain Shaikh, Hom-Lay Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of statins on adult chronic patients showed a positive effect on their periodontal status. However, The effect of locally delivered statins on periodontal treatment has not yet been systematically analyzed. Hence, the present systematic review and meta-analyses aimed to evaluate the efficacy of statins on treating localized periodontal intrabony defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search of 3 databases (1965-2016 March 1(st)), including PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and a hand search of peer-reviewed journals for relevant articles were performed...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Ilhem Guesmi-Mzoughi, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Hajer Regaieg, Najet Horrigue-Raouani, Juan E Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo
Spiral nematode species of the genus Rotylenchus have been reported on olive (Olea europaea L.) in several Mediterranean countries (Castillo et al., 2010; Ali et al., 2014). Nematological surveys for plant-parasitic nematodes on olive trees were carried out in Tunisia between 2013 and 2014, and two nematode species of Rotylenchus were collected from the rhizosphere of olive cv. Chemlali in several localities of Tunisia (Tables 1,2 [Table: see text] [Table: see text] ). Twenty-two soil samples of 3 to 4 kg were collected with a shovel from the upper 50 cm of soil from arbitrarily chosen olive trees...
September 2016: Journal of Nematology
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Amit Singal
OBJECTIVES: Noninvasive measures are widely used to assess fibrosis and may be used to prioritize hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment. We examined risks for likely fibrosis in patients with chronic HCV infection using fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) and imaging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A HCV screening program diagnosed chronic HCV in patients born from 1945 to 1965 admitted in a safety net hospital. Likely fibrosis was based on FIB-4 (≥1.45) alone or combined with imaging interpreted as fibrosis or cirrhosis...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Maria W Gunnes, Rolv T Lie, Tone Bjørge, Sara Ghaderi, Astri Syse, Ellen Ruud, Finn Wesenberg, Dag Moster
Suicide risk in adult cancer patients is found to be elevated, but limited information exists regarding risks of suicide and non-suicidal violent deaths when diagnosed with cancer in young age. We investigate suicide and violent deaths in a national cohort including individuals diagnosed with cancer before age 25. Through the linkage of different national registries (Cancer Registry of Norway, Norwegian Causes of Death Registry, and the National Registry) a cohort of all live births in Norway during 1965-1985 was defined and followed up through 2008...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Dazhi Fan, Song Wu, Wen Wang, Lihong Xin, Guo Tian, Li Liu, Jinping Feng, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Placenta previa is characterized by the abnormal placenta overlying the endocervical os, and it is known as one of the most feared adverse maternal and fetal-neonatal complications in obstetrics. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to obtain overall and regional estimates of placenta previa prevalence among deliveries in Mainland China. METHODS: The research was performed a systematic review, following the Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines for systematic reviews of observational studies, and the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analysis...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Angela Vitrano, Giuseppina Calvaruso, Eliana Lai, Grazia Colletta, Alessandra Quota, Calogera Gerardi, Luciana Concetta Rigoli, Lorella Pitrolo, Liana Cuccia, Francesco Gagliardotto, Aldo Filosa, Vincenzo Caruso, Crocetta Argento, Saveria Campisi, Michele Rizzo, Luciano Prossomariti, Carmelo Fidone, Maria Fustaneo, Rosario Di Maggio, Aurelio Maggio
In the last few decades, the life expectancy of regularly transfused β-thalassaemia major (TM) patients has dramatically improved following the introduction of safe transfusion practices, iron chelation therapy, aggressive treatment of infections and improved management of cardiac complications. How such changes, especially those attributed to the introduction of iron chelation therapy, improved the survival of TM patients to approach those with β-thalassaemia intermedia (TI) remains unknown. Three hundred and seventy-nine patients with TM (n = 284, dead 40) and TI (n = 95, dead 13) were followed retrospectively since birth until 30 June 2015 or death...
October 17, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
S Trillo, G Deng, G Biondini, M Klein, G F Clauss, A Chabchoub, M Onorato
We observe the dispersive breaking of cosine-type long waves [Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 240 (1965)] in shallow water, characterizing the highly nonlinear "multisoliton" fission over variable conditions. We provide new insight into the interpretation of the results by analyzing the data in terms of the periodic inverse scattering transform for the Korteweg-de Vries equation. In a wide range of dispersion and nonlinearity, the data compare favorably with our analytical estimate, based on a rigorous WKB approach, of the number of emerging solitons...
September 30, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Héctor Baptista-González, Victor M Noffal-Nuño, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
:  Background and rationale for the study. The generation of people born before 1965 is a high-risk group for developing chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. AIM: To report the experience on single institution of HCV infection under birth-cohort or baby boomers effect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used a cross-sectional design of consecutive subjects older than 18 years referred for serological evaluation for anti-HCV and detection of HCV RNA...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Peng Zhang, Li Zhang, Hui Liu, Lei Zhao, Yong Li, Jing-Xian Shen, Qing Liu, Meng-Zhong Liu, Mian Xi
Purpose: Previous studies reported an association between an increased risk of tongue cancer and radiation treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study compared the clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) in patients with and without a history of radiotherapy for NPC. Materials and Methods: From 1965 to 2009, a total of 73 patients were diagnosed with TSCC with a history of radiotherapy for NPC. The patients were matched in a 1:3 ratio with patients with sporadic TSCC according to age, sex, and year of the TSCC diagnosis...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Joseph C Dort, D Gregory Farwell, Merran Findlay, Gerhard F Huber, Paul Kerr, Melissa A Shea-Budgell, Christian Simon, Jeffrey Uppington, David Zygun, Olle Ljungqvist, Jeffrey Harris
Importance: Head and neck cancers often require complex, labor-intensive surgeries, especially when free flap reconstruction is required. Enhanced recovery is important in this patient population but evidence-based protocols on perioperative care for this population are lacking. Objective: To provide a consensus-based protocol for optimal perioperative care of patients undergoing head and neck cancer surgery with free flap reconstruction. Evidence Review: Following endorsement by the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society to develop this protocol, a systematic review was conducted for each topic...
October 13, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
John Fenimore, Howard A Young
Interferon gamma, referred to here as IFN-γ, is a major component in immunological cell signaling and is a critical regulatory protein for overall immune system function. First discovered in 1965 (Wheelock Science 149: (3681)310-311, 1965), IFN-γ is the only Type II interferon identified. Its expression is both positively and negatively controlled by different factors. In this chapter, we will review the transcriptional and post-transcriptional control of IFN-γ expression. In the transcriptional control part, the regular activators and suppressors are summarized, we will also focus on the epigenetic control, such as chromosome access, DNA methylation, and histone acetylation...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Wenyi Liu, Qing Liu, Qihong Huang, Yuqiang Lu, Shanghang Xie, Aihua Lin, Sumei Cao
BACKGROUND: Southern China is an endemic area for primary liver cancer (PLC), but it is unclear if rates have changed in recent decades. We evaluated PLC incidence and estimated the effects of age, period of diagnosis, and birth cohort in Sihui City, Guangdong Province, China. METHODS: Age-standardized rates (ASRs) of PLC were examined for both males and females from 1987 to 2011. Joinpoint regression analysis was conducted to estimate the annual percent changes in PLC incidence...
October 12, 2016: BMC Cancer
Arnold L Demain, Evan Martens
We are pleased to dedicate this paper to Dr Julian E Davies. Julian is a giant among microbial biochemists. He began his professional career as an organic chemistry PhD student at Nottingham University, moved on to a postdoctoral fellowship at Columbia University, then became a lecturer at the University of Manchester, followed by a fellowship in microbial biochemistry at Harvard Medical School. In 1965, he studied genetics at the Pasteur Institute, and 2 years later joined the University of Wisconsin in the Department of Biochemistry...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
Katie R Genadek, Sarah M Flood, Joan Garcia Roman
Despite major demographic changes over the past 50 years and strong evidence that time spent with a spouse is important for marriages, we know very little about how time with a spouse has changed-or not-in the United States. Using time diary data from 1965-2012, we examine trends in couples' shared time in the United States during a period of major changes in American marriages and families. We find that couples without children spent more total time together and time alone together in 2012 than they did in 1965, with total time and time alone together both peaking in 1975...
October 11, 2016: Demography
Sarah Burdett, Larysa Rydzewska, Jayne Tierney, David Fisher, Mahesh Kb Parmar, Rodrigo Arriagada, Jean Pierre Pignon, Cecile Le Pechoux
BACKGROUND: The role of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in the treatment of patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was not clear. A systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis was undertaken to evaluate available evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). These results were first published in Lung Cancer in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of PORT on survival and recurrence in patients with completely resected NSCLC...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Masaru Sekiya, Michio Yamasaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Radiological Physics and Technology
Denise Pamplona, Silvio S Nihei, Márcia S Couri, Adrian C Pont
The subgenera Morellia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 and Parapyrellia Townsend, 1915 of Morellia (Diptera, Muscidae) are revised. Forty-two species of the subgenus Morellia (out of 50) and seven of the subgenus Parapyrellia (all species) are redescribed and illustrated, and 48 species are keyed (41 spp. of Morellia and 7 spp. of Parapyrellia). Morellia (M.) cashmirana van Emden, 1965, originally described as a subspecies of M. (M.) hortorum (Fallén, 1817), is raised to species rank, stat. nov. Four species are transferred from the subgenus Morellia to the subgenus Parapyrellia (subgen...
September 13, 2016: Zootaxa
Jae-Cheon Sohn, Mihai Stᾰnescu
The eminent entomologist Aristide Caradja (1861-1955) published between 1925 and 1939, on his own or jointly with Edward Meyrick, a series of taxonomic papers on Chinese microlepidoptera including the descriptions of 18 new species in Yponomeutidae (Hyponomeutidae of authors). Their type specimens are currently deposited in two institutions, the Natural History Museum in London (BMNH: formerly British Museum of Natural History), as previously incorporated in the Meyrick collection, and the "Grigore Antipa" National Museum of Natural History in Bucharest, Romania (MGAB), as incorporated in the Caradja collection...
September 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Joanna Czaja
The monotypic Afrotropical genus Rhinolaetia Schouteden, 1865 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) is redescribed. The head, wings, female genitalia and habitus of Rhinolaetia overlaeti Schouteden, 1965 are illustrated. Morphological features of Rhinolaetia and selected representatives of six scutellerid subfamilies are listed and compared. The systematic position of this genus is briefly discussed. Close affinity of Rhinolaetia overlaeti with representatives of subfamilies Odontotarsinae and Odontoscelinae is observed...
September 23, 2016: Zootaxa
Vasily V Grebennikov
A male specimen of the monotypic weevil genus, Prothrombosternus Voss, 1965, so far known on the basis of only five syntypes from Mt. Meru and Mt. Hanang, Tanzania, is reported from the Rubeho Mountains, Tanzania. The lectotype of Prothrombosternus tarsalis Voss, 1965 is designated using a male from Mt. Meru. The Rubeho specimen shares the same external and genital morphological characters with the lectotype (both extensively illustrated) and, therefore, both are considered conspecific. The DNA barcode of the Rubeho specimen is publicly available at dx...
September 26, 2016: Zootaxa
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