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Janina Tutkuviene, Austeja Juskaite, Justina Katinaite, Simona Silove, Jonas Drasutis, Ruta Sargautyte, Diana Ramasauskaite, Grazina Drasutiene
There is a risk that during pregnancy a woman's changing physique might result in stronger concerns about her appearance and may lead to negative consequences both for mother and foetus. The aim of the present study was to assess women's self-esteem, body image and weight control before and during pregnancy. A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Centre of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Vilnius University Hospital. In total, 234 pregnant women were investigated. The Self-esteem was measured by Rosenberg's scale (1965), while the attitude towards the body size - by Stunkard's figure rating scale (1983)...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Meng Li, Ronghao Chu, Shuanghe Shen, Abu Reza Md Towfiqul Islam
Pan evaporation (Epan), which we examine in this study to better understand atmospheric evaporation demand, represents a pivotal indicator of the terrestrial ecosystem and hydrological cycle, particularly in the Huai River Basin (HRB) in eastern China, where high potential risks of drought and flooding are commonly observed. In this study, we examine the spatiotemporal trend patterns of climatic factors and Epan by using the Mann-Kendall test and the Theil-Sen estimator based on a daily meteorological dataset from 89 weather stations during 1965-2013 in the HRB...
December 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Stephanie K Tanamas, Sanil P Reddy, Melissa A Chambers, Elena J Clark, Diana L Dunnigan, Robert L Hanson, Robert G Nelson, William C Knowler, Madhumita Sinha
OBJECTIVES: The risk of early-onset type 2 diabetes associated with the severity of obesity in youth is not well understood. This study aims to determine metabolic alterations and type 2 diabetes risk among American Indian children who are obese or severely obese. METHODS: Incidence rates of diabetes before 20 years (youth-onset) and 45 years were computed in 2728 children who were from 5 to <10 years and 4317 adolescents who were from 10 to <18 years without diabetes examined between 1965 and 2007...
December 28, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
Arnold Donkor Forkuo, Charles Ansah, Kwesi Boadu Mensah, Kofi Annan, Ben Gyan, Anjo Theron, Dalu Mancama, Colin W Wright
BACKGROUND: Discovery of novel gametocytocidal molecules is a major pharmacological strategy in the elimination and eradication of malaria. The high patronage of the aqueous root extract of the popular West African anti-malarial plant Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Periplocaceae) in traditional and hospital settings in Ghana has directed this study investigating the gametocytocidal activity of the plant and its major alkaloid, cryptolepine. This study also investigates the anti-malarial interaction of cryptolepine with standard anti-malarials, as the search for new anti-malarial combinations continues...
December 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
Gilian Schout, Niels Hartog, S Majid Hassanizadeh, Jasper Griffioen
Blowouts present a small but genuine risk when drilling into the deep subsurface and can have an immediate and significant impact on the surrounding environment. Nevertheless, studies that document their long-term impact are scarce. In 1965, a catastrophic underground blowout occurred during the drilling of a gas well in The Netherlands, which led to the uncontrolled release of large amounts of natural gas from the reservoir to the surface. In this study, the remaining impact on methane chemistry in the overlying aquifers was investigated...
December 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Masaatsu Tanaka, Masanori Sato
Hartman (1965) described a nereidid species, Namalycastis profundus[sic], based on a deep-sea specimen collected from off Bermuda (1000 m deep) in the NW Atlantic. Although Hartman (1965) did not mention its etymology, the specific name is believed to be derived from the Latin adjective "profund-" meaning "deep." Because Namalycastis is feminine in gender (Glasby et al. 2016), the original specific name as masculine was incorrect and must be corrected to N. profunda for mandatory gender agreement under Articles 31...
November 1, 2017: Zootaxa
Roman Borovec, Jiří Skuhrovec
The Afrotropical species described as Trachyphloeini Lacordaire, 1863 were examined and their taxonomic status is revised. Atrachyphloeus Voss, 1962 is proposed as a junior synonym of Phaylomerinthus Schoenherr, 1842, Cathormiocerus africanus Hoffmann, 1965 as a junior synonym of Tapinomorphus sylvicola Voss, 1962 and Trachyphloeus pustulifer Voss, 1959 as a junior synonym of Platycopes tuberculatus Marshall, 1906. Atrachyphloeus convergens Voss, 1962 is transferred to the genus Phaylomerinthus Schoenherr, 1842, Trachyphloeus hardenbergi Marshall, 1923 and T...
November 8, 2017: Zootaxa
Ayu Savitri Nurinsiyah, Bernhard Hausdorf
The Alycaeinae Blanford, 1864 (Gastropoda: Cyclophoridae) is a species-rich group of caenogastropod land snails distributed mainly in Southeast Asia (Kobelt 1902). The Madagascan endemic Boucardicus Fischer-Piette & Bedoucha, 1965 has also been classified in the Alycaeinae (Emberton 2002). The Asian species of Alycaeinae are characterized by a sutural tube on the last whorl that is closed at its posterior end, but is connected to the outside by radial microtunnels opening near the umbilicus. This device is hypothesized to allow gas exchange when the animal is retracted and the operculum seals the shell aperture (Páll-Gergely et al...
December 12, 2017: Zootaxa
Sarsenbay K Abdrakhmanov, Yersyn Y Mukhanbetkaliyev, Fedor I Korennoy, Bolat Sh Karatayev, Aizada A Mukhanbetkaliyeva, Aruzhan S Abdrakhmanova
An analysis of the anthrax epidemic situation among livestock animals in the Republic of Kazakhstan over the period 1933-2016 is presented. During this time, 4,064 anthrax outbreaks (mainly in cattle, small ruminants, pigs and horses) were recorded. They fall into five historical periods of increase and decrease in the annual anthrax incidence (1933-1953; 1954-1968; 1969-1983; 1984- 2001; and 2002-2016), which has been associated with changes in economic activity and veterinary surveillance. To evaluate the temporal trends of incidence variation for each of these time periods, the following methods were applied: i) spatio-temporal analysis using a space-time cube to assess the presence of hotspots (i...
November 13, 2017: Geospatial Health
Déborah Ducasse, Gwenolé Loas, Déborah Dassa, Carla Gramaglia, Patrizia Zeppegno, Sébastien Guillaume, Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia is considered a suicide risk factor in patients with major affective disorders. Here, we wanted to quantify the association between anhedonia and current suicidal ideation according to the absence/presence of between-group differences for depressive scores and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of data on studies retrieved from Medline, Web of Science, and PsycINFO from 1965 to 2016 using, among others, the terms (suicid* or depression) and anhedonia...
December 12, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
Matthias Bossard, Yasser Binbraik, Farzin Beygui, Bertram Pitt, Faiez Zannad, Gilles Montalescot, Sanjit S Jolly
BACKGROUND: Although mineralocorticoid antagonists (MRAs) reduce mortality in patients with heart failure complicating myocardial infarction (MI), it is unclear if they could be beneficial to all patients with MI. To evaluate the utility of MRAs in MI patients, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL were searched from 1965 to June 2016. Conference abstracts were searched from 2000 to June 2016. Randomized trials evaluating the effect of MRA after MIs were included...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
Takao Itoi, Todd H Baron
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become an established procedure not only for diagnosis using direct opacification, but also for various therapeutic interventions within the pancreaticobiliary system. This concept, "non-operative and intraluminal retrograde approach to the ampulla of Vater", which is the outlet for both the pancreatic duct and bile duct, was first described by radiologists Rabinov and Simon in 1965 [1]. They performed cannulation and injection of the ampulla of Vater by intubation using a new instrument through the mouth under television fluoroscopic control...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Meiaad Khayat, Noemi Lois, Michael Williams, Alan W Stitt
Purpose: To provide a comprehensive and current review on the available experimental animal models of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and to identify their strengths and limitations with the purpose of helping researchers to plan preclinical studies on RVO. Methods: A systematic review of the literature on experimental animal models of RVO was undertaken. Medline, SCOPUS, and Web of Science databases were searched. Studies published between January 1, 1965, and March 31, 2017, and that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed...
December 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Hailing Xie, Tian Zhou, Qiang Fu, Jianping Huang, Zhongwei Huang, Jianrong Bi, Jinsen Shi, Beidou Zhang, Jinming Ge
The detection of cloud and aerosols using a modified retrieval algorithm solely for a ground-based micropulse lidar (MPL) is presented, based on one-year data at the Semi-Arid Climate Observatory and Laboratory (SACOL) site (35.57°N, 104.08°E, 1965.8 m), northwest of China, from March 2011 to February 2012. The work not only identifies atmosphere particle layers by means of the range-dependent thresholds based on elastic scattering ratio and depolarization ratio, but also discriminates the detected layers by combining empirical thresholds of the atmosphere's thermodynamics states and scattering properties and continuous wavelet transform (CWT) analyses...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
Eyad Al-Hihi, Caylin Shankweiler, David Stricklen, Cheryl Gibson, Winston Dunn
Method: This project aims to implement the HCV birth cohort screening guidelines over a 9-month period in the primary care setting at the University of Kansas Health System General Internal Medicine Division. The project team measured the number of patients in the baby boomer population who received a one-time screen for HCV. An electronic medical record (EMR) intervention was implemented to identify baby boomers who did not have an HCV screening or diagnosis. Additionally, education was provided to all primary care providers in the clinic to increase awareness of the HCV birth cohort screening...
2017: BMJ Open Quality
Paul Elvers, Jochen Steffens
Listening to music before, during, or after sports is a common phenomenon, yet its functions and effects on performance, cognition, and behavior remain to be investigated. In this study we present a novel approach to the role of music in sports and exercise that focuses on the notion of musical self-enhancement (Elvers, 2016). We derived the following hypotheses from this framework: listening to motivational music will (i) enhance self-evaluative cognition, (ii) improve performance in a ball game, and (iii) evoke greater risk-taking behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Victor Cebotari, Valentina Mazzucato, Melissa Siegel
This study empirically measures the perceptions towards maternal and paternal migration of male and female children who stay behind in Ghana. It analyses survey data collected in 2010 among secondary school children aged 11-18 in four urban areas with high out-migration rates: the greater Accra region, Kumasi, Sunyani and Cape Coast (N = 1965). The results show significant gendered differences in how children perceive parental migration. Specifically, female children have more positive views towards maternal and paternal migration when parents are abroad and in a stable marital relationship, when the assessed parent is abroad but the other parent is the caregiver in Ghana, when there is a frequent change in the care arrangement, and when female children receive remittances...
2017: Child Indicators Research
Joshua A Barocas, Jianing Wang, Laura F White, Abriana Tasillo, Joshua A Salomon, Kenneth A Freedberg, Benjamin P Linas
In 2012 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended routine testing for hepatitis C for people born in the period 1945-65. Until now, the recommendation's impact on hepatitis C screening rates in the United States has not been fully understood. We used an interrupted time series with comparison group design to analyze hepatitis C screening rates in the period 2010-14 among 2.8 million commercially insured adults in the MarketScan database. Hepatitis C screening rates increased yearly between 2010 and 2014, from 1...
December 2017: Health Affairs
Tomasa Cuellar-Martinez, Rosalba Alonso-Rodríguez, Ana Carolina Ruiz-Fernández, Anne de Vernal, Lourdes Morquecho, Audrey Limoges, Maryse Henry, Joan-Albert Sanchez-Cabeza
To evaluate the relationship of changes in organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) fluxes to sediments with environmental variables (air and sea surface temperatures, El Niño conditions, rainfall, and terrigenous index), cyst assemblages were analyzed in a 210Pb-dated sediment core (~100years) from the pristine San José Lagoon (San José Island, SW Gulf of California). The dinocyst abundance ranged from 3784 to 25,108cystsg-1 and fluxes were of the order of 103-104cystscm-2yr-1. Lingulodinium machaerophorum, Polysphaeridium zoharyi and Spiniferites taxa accounted for 96% of the total dinocyst assemblages, and the abundances of these species increased towards the core surface...
November 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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