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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547519/kurt-goldstein-and-his-nonlocationist-thoughts-on-aphasia-a-pioneer-of-early-network-theories-at-the-beginning-of-the-twentieth-century
#1
Holger Joswig, Gerhard Hildebrandt
In between Carl Wernicke's locationist aphasia concept from 1874 and Norman Geschwind's new connectionist model of human brain functions in 1965, little notice was taken of the historical debate on aphasia and brain plasticity. Interestingly, Kurt Goldstein made long-forgotten, but highly relevant remarks on the connectionist model and thereby served as an important connecting link between Wernicke and Geschwind. With the original contributions of Goldstein and contemporary authors, we analyzed the historical background of the aphasia debate in the time period between Wernicke and Geschwind, which still influences current aphasia concepts and neurosurgical practice of today...
May 25, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544519/the-effect-of-helium-oxygen-assisted-mechanical-ventilation-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbation-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Xu Wu, Chuan Shao, Liang Zhang, Jinjing Tu, Hui Xu, Zhihui Lin, Shuguang Xu, Biyun Yu, Yaodong Tang, Shanqun Li
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often accompanied by acute exacerbations. Patients of COPD exacerbation suffering from respiratory failure often need the support of mechanical ventilation. Helium-oxygen can be used to reduce airway resistance during mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of helium-oxygen-assisted mechanical ventilation on COPD exacerbation through a meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search through databases of Pub Med (1966∼2016), Ovid MEDLINE (1965∼2016), Cochrane EBM (1991∼2016), EMBASE (1974∼2016) and Ovid MEDLINE was performed to identify associated studies...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544048/use-of-electronic-health-record-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-hcv-birth-cohort-screening
#3
David N Fitch, Ajay Dharod, Claudia L Campos, Marina Núñez
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended one-time HCV testing for all patients in the 1945-1965 birth cohort, given the high hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence in this group [1]. In response, various interventions differing in complexity and cost have been developed. Goel et al, evaluated a multifaceted intervention sequentially implemented and report poor response to the electronic health record (EHR) alert and a very successful HCV screening, increased by 137%, after adding other tools including physician education, data feedback, and patient navigation [2]...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543031/in-memoriam-professor-jean-pierre-von-wartburg-1931-2017
#4
Helmut K Seitz
On April 11, 2017, Professor Jean Pierre von Wartburg passed away in his home in Bollingen, near Bern, Switzerland. In addition to being one of the pioneers in alcohol research, he was one of the leading scientists in the field of enzymology and alcohol metabolism. Between 1965 and 1990, he was a giant who dominated the field. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534378/secondary-malignant-tumors-of-the-parotid-gland-not-a-secondary-problem
#5
Antonio Pastore, Andrea Ciorba, Marco Soliani, Andrea Di Laora, Giorgia Valpiani, Chiara Bianchini, Francesco Stomeo, Roberto Merlo, Stefano Pelucchi
PURPOSE: To present the clinical features of patients with parotid gland metastasis, and compare the results with previously published series. Most of the relevant literature arises from case reports, while there are only few series reported, as secondary neoplastic lesions of the parotid gland are uncommon. METHODS: The medical records of patients with parotid gland metastasis, treated at the ENT Department of the University Hospital of Ferrara, between January 1st 1965 and December 31th 2014, were retrospectively reviewed...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529624/anal-adenocarcinoma-requires-prophylactic-inguinal-nodal-treatment-results-from-a-single-chinese-institution
#6
Zhen Su, Zhan-Wen Guo, Yan-Ping Mao, Jie Tang, Xiao-Wen Lan, Fang-Yun Xie, Qun Li
BACKGROUND: Literature pertaining to prophylactic inguinal nodal treatment for anal adenocarcinoma in China is scarce. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed 126 patients from 1965 to 2015. Among these, 67 patients received surgery only, 18 patients received chemoradiotherapy only, 27 patients received a combination of both, and the remaining 14 patients received palliative treatment. RESULTS: The median follow up period was 30 months...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528580/update-on-the-distribution-of-the-co-invasive-schyzocotyle-acheilognathi-bothriocephalus-acheilognathi-the-asian-fish-tapeworm-in-freshwater-fishes-of-mexico
#7
G Pérez-Ponce de León, O Lagunas-Calvo, L García-Prieto, R Briosio-Aguilar, R Aguilar-Aguilar
The Asian fish tapeworm, Schyzocotyle acheilognathi (syn. Bothriocephalus acheilognathi) represents a threat to freshwater fish, mainly cyprinids, across the globe. This tapeworm possesses an extraordinary ability to adapt to different environmental conditions and, because of that, from its natural geographical origin in mainland Asia, it has colonized every continent except Antarctica. It is thought that this pathogenic tapeworm was first co-introduced into Mexico in 1965 from China, with the grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, although the first formal record of its presence was published in 1981...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523606/frederick-yi-tung-cho-1939-2011-his-phd-days-in-biophysics-the-photosynthesis-lab-and-his-patents-in-engineering-physics
#8
Govindjee, John C Munday, George C Papageorgiou
We present here a Tribute to Frederick Yi-Tung Cho (1939-2011), an innovative and ingenious biophysicist and an entrepreneur. He was one of the 4 earliest PhD students [see: Cederstrand (1965)-Carl Nelson Cederstrand; coadvisor: Eugene Rabinowitch; Papageorgiou (1968)-George C. Papageorgiou (coauthor of this paper); and Munday (1968)-John C. Munday Jr. (also a coauthor of this paper)] of one of us (Govindjee) in Biophysics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) during the late 1960s (1963-1968)...
May 18, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514355/-the-prevalence-of-tympanosclerosis-and-the-effectiveness-of-its-surgical-treatment
#9
E V Garov, N G Sidorina, E E Zagorskaya, P A Sudarev, A S Meparishvili
The objective of the present study was to characterize the epidemiological variants of tympanosclerosis and the effectiveness of the surgical treatment of the patients presenting with this condition. We have undertaken the analysis of the results of 1965 surgical interventions on the patients suffering from different forms of chronic otitis media (COM) performed during the period from 2009 till 2014 with a view to determining the frequency of tympanosclerosis (TSC). In 542 cases, it proved possible to evaluate the intraoperative findings, stages and methods of reconstructive surgery, the anatomical and functional outcomes and effectiveness of the intervention...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512081/effects-of-ehealth-literacy-on-general-practitioner-consultations-a-mediation-analysis
#10
Peter Johannes Schulz, Mary Anne Fitzpatrick, Alexandra Hess, Lynn Sudbury-Riley, Uwe Hartung
BACKGROUND: Most evidence (not all) points in the direction that individuals with a higher level of health literacy will less frequently utilize the health care system than individuals with lower levels of health literacy. The underlying reasons of this effect are largely unclear, though people's ability to seek health information independently at the time of wide availability of such information on the Internet has been cited in this context. OBJECTIVE: We propose and test two potential mediators of the negative effect of eHealth literacy on health care utilization: (1) health information seeking and (2) gain in empowerment by information seeking...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511609/why-the-history-of-nursing-ethics-matters
#11
Marsha D Fowler
Modern American nursing has an extensive ethical heritage literature that extends from the 1870s to 1965 when the American Nurses Association issued a policy paper that called for moving nursing education out of hospital diploma programs and into colleges and universities. One consequence of this move was the dispersion of nursing libraries and the loss of nursing ethics textbooks, as they were largely not brought over into the college libraries. In addition to approximately 100 nursing ethics textbooks, the nursing ethics heritage literature also includes hundreds of journal articles that are often made less accessible in modern databases that concentrate on the past 20 or 30 years...
May 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511269/the-role-of-birds-in-arboviral-disease-surveillance-in-harris-county-and-the-city-of-houston-texas
#12
Lauren Wilkerson, Martin Reyna Nava, Cheryl Battle-Freeman, Amelia Travassos da Rosa, Hilda Guzman, Robert Tesh, Mustapha Debboun
Avian arboviral surveillance is an integral part of any disease-based integrated mosquito control program. The Harris County Public Health Mosquito and Vector Control Division has performed arboviral surveillance in the wild birds of Harris County and the City of Houston since 1965. Blood samples from live trapped birds were tested for arboviral antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV), St. Louis encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, and Western equine encephalitis. A dead bird surveillance program was created in 2002 with the arrival of WNV in Harris County...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510508/in-memoriam-mary-gannon-rosedale-1965-2017
#13
Geraldine S Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510059/deforestation-and-carbon-loss-in-southwest-amazonia-impact-of-brazil-s-revised-forest-code
#14
Pedro Augusto Costa Roriz, Aurora Miho Yanai, Philip Martin Fearnside
In 2012 Brazil's National Congress altered the country's Forest Code, decreasing various environmental protections in the set of regulations governing forests. This suggests consequences in increased deforestation and emissions of greenhouse gases and in decreased protection of fragile ecosystems. To ascertain the effects, a simulation was run to the year 2025 for the municipality (county) of Boca do Acre, Amazonas state, Brazil. A baseline scenario considered historical behavior (which did not respect the Forest Code), while two scenarios considered full compliance with the old Forest Code (Law 4771/1965) and the current Code (Law 12,651/2012) regarding the protection of "areas of permanent preservation" (APPs) along the edges of watercourses...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506379/pharmacist-initiated-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-in-a-community-pharmacy-to-increase-awareness-and-link-to-care-at-the-medical-center
#15
Nadine Y Isho, Marlowe Djuric Kachlic, Jennifer Chan Marcelo, Michelle T Martin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design and implementation of a pharmacist-led hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening and education program in a community pharmacy with a protocol for linkage to care at the affiliated hepatology clinic for patients born between 1945 and 1965. SETTING: Outpatient pharmacy affiliated with the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The community pharmacist resident conducted the HCV screening at the health system-based community pharmacy...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504815/the-arago-laboratory-of-banyuls-and-some-of-its-academicians
#16
Marie-Odile Soyer-Gobillard
Since its founding in 1881 by Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers (1821-1901), the Arago Laboratory of Banyuls has been one of the three marine stations of the University Pierre and Marie Curie-Paris 6. It is located in Banyuls (Banyuls-sur-Mer) in Northern Catalonia. The center hosts researchers and students from all over the world. Some became famous, including four Nobel Prize winners: André Lwoff (1965), Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1991), Albert Fert (2007) and Jules Hoffmann (2011). This article focuses on five scientists closely related to the center...
December 2016: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496007/association-between-tea-consumption-and-risk-of-cognitive-disorders-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#17
Xueying Liu, Xiaoyuan Du, Guanying Han, Wenyuan Gao
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological evidence for a dose-response relationship between tea consumption and risk of cognitive disorders is sparse. The aim of the study was to summarize the evidence for the association of tea consumption with risk of cognitive disorders and assess the dose-response relationship. METHODS: We searched electronic databases of Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library (from 1965 to Jan 19, 2017) for eligible studies that published in the international journals...
April 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494034/efficacy-of-local-and-systemic-statin-delivery-on-the-osseointegration-of-implants-a-systematic-review
#18
Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Mohammad D Al Amri, Abdulaziz A Al-Kheraif, Alexis Ghanem, Hans Malmstrom, Fawad Javed
PURPOSE: In indexed literature, a systematic review of the efficacy of statins in enhancing osseointegration is lacking. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of local and systemic statin delivery on the osseointegration of implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To address the focused question, "Does local and systemic statin delivery affect osseointegration around implants?", indexed databases were searched from 1965 through November 2015 using various keywords...
May 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494011/changes-in-the-use-practitioner-based-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-over-time-in-canada-cohort-and-period-effects
#19
Mayilee Canizares, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Monique A M Gignac, Richard H Glazier, Elizabeth M Badley
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is growing. However the factors contributing to changes over time and to birth cohort differences in CAM use are not well understood. SETTING: We used data from 10186 participants, who were aged 20-69 years at the first cycle of data collection in the longitudinal component of the Canadian National Population Health Survey (1994/95-2010/11). We examined chiropractic and other practitioner-based CAM use with a focus on five birth cohorts: pre-World War II (born 1925-1934); World War II (born 1935-1944); older baby boomers (born 1945-1954); younger baby boomers (born 1955-1964); and Gen Xers (born 1965-1974)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488280/open-tundra-persist-but-arctic-features-decline-vegetation-changes-in-the-warming-fennoscandian-tundra
#20
Katariina E M Vuorinen, Lauri Oksanen, Tarja Oksanen, Anni Pyykönen, Johan Olofsson, Risto Virtanen
In the forest-tundra ecotone of the North Fennoscandian inland, summer and winter temperatures have increased by two to three centigrades since 1965, which is expected to result in major vegetation changes. To document the expected expansion of woodlands and scrublands and its impact on the arctic vegetation, we repeated a vegetation transect study conducted in 1976 in the Darju, spanning from woodland to a summit, 200 m above the tree line. Contrary to our expectations, tree line movement was not detected, and there was no increase in willows or shrubby mountain birches, either...
May 10, 2017: Global Change Biology
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