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A N de la Torre, I Castaneda, M Ahmad, N Ekholy, N Tham, I B Herrera, P Beaty, R J Malapero, Farhan Ayoub, J Slim, M B Johnson
Intravenous drug use and sexual practices account for 60% of hepatitis C (HCV) and B (HBV) infection. Disclosing these activities can be embarrassing, reduce risk reporting, blood testing and diagnosis. In diagnosed patients, linkage to care remains a challenge. Audio-computer assisted survey interview (Audio-CASI) was used to guide HCV and HBV infection testing in urban clinics. Risk reporting, blood-testing, and serology results were compared to historical controls. A Patient Navigator (PN) followed up blood test results and provided patients with positive serology linkage to care...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Anna M van Eggermond, Michael Schaapveld, Cécile Pm Janus, Jan Paul de Boer, Augustinus Dg Krol, Josée M Zijlstra, Richard Wm van der Maazen, Leontien C Kremer, Monique E van Leerdam, Marieke Wj Louwman, Otto Visser, Marie L De Bruin, Berthe Mp Aleman, Flora E van Leeuwen
BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors are at increased risk of second malignancies, but few studies have assessed colorectal cancer (CRC) risk after HL treatment. We assessed long-term, subsite-specific CRC risk associated with specific radiation fields and chemotherapy regimens. METHODS: In a Dutch cohort of 3121 5-year HL survivors treated between 1965 and 1995, subsite-specific CRC incidence was compared with general population rates. Treatment effects were quantified by Cox regression analyses...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
Kálmán Molnár, Csaba Székely
In a goldfish stock held in a pet fish pond, heavy coccidian infection, caused by an epicellularly developing Goussia species, appeared in April of 3 consecutive years (2014 to 2016). The shape and size of the oocysts resembled those of an inadequately described species, Goussia carassiusaurati (Romero-Rodriguez, 1978). In histological sections, gamogonic and sporogonic stages infested mostly the second fifth of the intestine, where almost all epithelial cells were infected. Both gamonts and young oocysts occurred intracellularly but in an extracytoplasmal position, seemingly outside the cells...
June 19, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Alastair M M Baylis, Rachael A Orben, Daniel P Costa, Megan Tierney, Paul Brickle, Iain J Staniland
Conditions experienced during the nonbreeding period have profound long-term effects on individual fitness and survival. Therefore, knowledge of habitat use during the nonbreeding period can provide insights into processes that regulate populations. At the Falkland Islands, the habitat use of South American sea lions (Otaria flavescens) during the nonbreeding period is of particular interest because the population is yet to recover from a catastrophic decline between the mid-1930s and 1965, and nonbreeding movements are poorly understood...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Laura Simoila, Erkki Isometsä, Mika Gissler, Jaana Suvisaari, Eila Sailas, Erja Halmesmäki, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to investigate, in women with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, the number and incidence of induced abortions (= pregnancy terminations performed by a physician), their demographic characteristics, use of contraceptives, plus indications of and complications related to pregnancy termination. METHODS: Using the Care Register for Health Care, we identified Finnish women born between the years 1965-1980 who were diagnosed with either schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder during the follow-up period ending 31...
June 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
Adam B Wilson, Corinne H Miller, Barbie A Klein, Melissa A Taylor, Michael Goodwin, Eve K Boyle, Kirsten Brown, Chantal Hoppe, Michelle Lazarus
INTRODUCTION The debate regarding anatomy laboratory teaching approaches is ongoing and controversial. To date, the literature has yielded only speculative conclusions due to general methodological weaknesses and a lack of summative empirical evidence. Through a meta-analysis, this study compared the effectiveness of instructional laboratory approaches used in anatomy education to objectively and more conclusively synthesize the existing literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS Studies published between January 1965 and December 2015 were searched through five databases...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
J Lesensky, K Nemec, I Kofranek, Z Matejovsky
The use of structural autografts from the iliac crest for reconstruction of bony defects in the hand and foot was described by Wilson and Lance in 1965. However, very few series of this technique are published and long-term results are unknown. We present a single-institution series of 23 patients with a mean follow-up of 92 months. We also describe a novel modification of this technique using the anterior superior iliac spine for reconstruction of the adjacent joint. Failure rate was 13% at mean of 17.3 months...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Petr Ustjuzhanin, Vasily Kovtunovich, Szabolcs Sáfián
There have been no special studies on plume moths of Liberia until recently. In the World Catalogue of Insects (Gielis 2003) only two species are reported from Liberia: Agdistis tamaricis (Zeller, 1847) and Megalorhipida leucodactyla (Fabricius, 1794) despite its well-known richness for other Lepidoptera groups (Fox et al. 1965, Larsen 2005) and its biogeographic position in the centre of the Upper Guinean biodiversity hotspot (Myers et al. 2000).
March 27, 2017: Zootaxa
Martha R Campos
Two new species of freshwater crabs of the pseudothelphusid genus Neostrengeria Pretzmann, 1965, N. fernandezi n. sp., and N. lassoi n. sp., are described. The genus is endemic to the eastern Andes of Colombia. Neostrengeria fernandezi was collected in Las Cacas cave, Pauna, Boyacá Department and N. lassoi in a stream within Los Aviones cave, La Guadalupe, Santander Department, within the cave as well as in a waterfall outside the cave. With the addition of N. fernandezi and N. lassoi the total number of species of the genus Neostrengeria increases to 27...
March 27, 2017: Zootaxa
Junsuke Yamasako, Hiroshi Makihara
The genus Anipocregyes Breuning, 1939 is reviewed. Cristipocregyes rondoni Breuning, 1965, Metipocregyes rondoni Breuning, 1965, and Mesosa (Perimesosa) seminivea Breuning, 1965 are transferred to the genus Anipocregyes, and Setomesosa rondoni Breuning, 1968 is synonymized with A. seminivea comb. nov. As a result, two genera, Cristipocregyes Breuning, 1965 and Setomesosa Breuning, 1968, are synonymized with Anipocregyes. Metipocregyes rondoni Breuning, 1965 becomes a secondary homonym and Anipocregyes albifrons nom...
April 7, 2017: Zootaxa
Martin Hauser, Norman E Woodley, Diego A Fachin
Thirteen new generic synonyms, nineteen species synonyms and forty-eight new combinations of African Stratiomyidae are proposed (senior synonym in parentheses):Arthronemina Lindner in James, 1980 syn. nov. (=Argyrobrithes Grünberg, 1915), Arthronema Lindner, 1966b syn. nov. (=Argyrobrithes Grünberg, 1915), Brachyphleps Lindner, 1965 syn. nov. (=Psapharomys Grünberg, 1915), Dinosargus Lindner, 1968 syn. nov. (=Gongrosargus Lindner, 1959), Dolichodema Kertész, 1916 syn. nov. (=Thorasena Macquart, 1838), Gobertina Bigot, 1879a syn...
May 8, 2017: Zootaxa
Weijie Shang, Xinwang Yang, Xiaoman Ju, Yueying Xie, Yun Zhang, Wen-Hui Lee
Insulinotropic peptide agents are regarded as potential candidates for anti-diabetic treatment. In the present study, a novel insulinotropic peptide, termed OA-A1, was purified from frog skin secretions of Odorrana andersonii. Mature OA-A1 was determined to be a 1965.049 Da peptide with an amino acid sequence of LVGKLLKGAVGDVCGLLPIC, in which an intramolecular disulfide bridge was formed by two cysteine residues. At the cellular level, OA-A1 exhibited potent proliferation promoting effects on mouse-derived pancreatic β-TC-6 cells and significantly stimulated insulin release in β-TC-6 cells at a minimum concentration of 1 nM...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
Daniel Foell, Felix Becker, Rebecca Hadrian, Daniel Palmes, Linus Kebschull
BACKGROUND: Animal models are a central aspect in research on small bowel transplantation (SBTx). Among them, rats are the preferred species because of their widespread availability and cost effectiveness. Because the complexity of the surgical procedure could per se influence the outcome of an experiment, a standardized and comparable technique is important. Based on of the vast amount of different models and surgical techniques published to this point, a review seemed necessary to guide investigators when choosing the suitable model...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Brian R Dilworth, John T Riehl
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic fractures are relatively uncommon in children, accounting for 0.3-7.5% of all pediatric injuries (Gänsslen et al., 2013; Ismail et al., 1996; Peltier, 1965; Galano et al., 2005; Spiguel et al., 2006). This case report describes a pediatric open pelvic injury caused by a crush mechanism between a car and guardrail. CASE: A 13year old male presented with an open APC 3 pelvic injury after being pinned between a car and guardrail. His definitive treatment included bilateral SI screw placement, as well as a less invasive method for anterior pelvic ring disruption (Internal Brace suture anchor dynamic fixation)...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yumi Asai, Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate associations of job stressors with panic attack (PA) and panic disorder (PD) among Japanese workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional online questionnaire survey was conducted of 2060 workers. Job strain, effort/reward imbalance, and workplace social support were measured by the job content questionnaire and effort/reward imbalance questionnaire. These variables were classified into tertiles. PA/PD were measured by self-report based on the mini international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI)...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Alex C Liber, Kenneth E Warner
Survey data find Americans' self-reported cigarette smoking prevalence dropping steadily. However, the accuracy of national surveys has been questioned, given declining response rates and increasing stigmatization of smoking. Using data from two repeated cross-sectional nationally-representative health surveys (National Survey on Drug Use and Health [NSDUH], 1979-2014, and National Health Interview Survey [NHIS], 1965-2015), we determine if self-reported cigarette consumption has changed over time as a proportion of federally taxed cigarette sales...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Amy Wallis, Michelle Ball, Sandra McKechnie, Henry Butt, Donald P Lewis, Dorothy Bruck
BACKGROUND: The pursuit for clarity in diagnostic and treatment pathways for the complex, chronic condition of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) continues. This systematic review raises a novel question to explore possible overlapping aetiology in two distinct conditions. Similar neurocognitive symptoms and evidence of D-lactate producing bacteria in ME/CFS raise questions about shared mechanisms with the acute condition of D-lactic acidosis (D-la). METHODS: D-la case reports published between 1965 and March 2016 were reviewed for episodes describing both neurological symptoms and high D-lactate levels...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Charles André
Trepanation has been performed by people interested in enhancing mental power and well-being since the early 1960s. The pioneers and main proponents of the procedure are described here. The phenomenon appeared in Europe after a Dutch former medical student published a psychoactive drug-friendly scroll suggesting trepanation as a form of permanently increasing cerebral blood volume and function. He trepanned himself in 1965. Three of his friends became enthusiasts. They also submitted themselves to the procedure and published films and books describing their experiences...
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Alberto Monllor-Hurtado, Maria Grazia Pennino, José Luis Sanchez-Lizaso
Ocean warming is already affecting global fisheries with an increasing dominance of catches of warmer water species at higher latitudes and lower catches of tropical and subtropical species in the tropics. Tuna distributions are highly conditioned by sea temperature, for this reason and their worldwide distribution, their populations may be a good indicator of the effect of climate change on global fisheries. This study shows the shift of tuna catches in subtropical latitudes on a global scale. From 1965 to 2011, the percentage of tropical tuna in longliner catches exhibited a significantly increasing trend in a study area that included subtropical regions of the Atlantic and western Pacific Oceans and partially the Indian Ocean...
2017: PloS One
Joseph M Unger, Michael LeBlanc, Charles D Blanke
Importance: Recently, tremendous prominence has been given to the investigation of the effect of different research processes as part of the Cancer Moonshot. More than half a century ago, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) established a network of publicly funded cancer cooperative research groups to systematically evaluate new treatments for efficacy and safety. Objective: To examine the extent to which positive NCI-sponsored cancer treatment trials have benefited patients with cancer in the US population...
June 5, 2017: JAMA Oncology
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