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Thomas M Onuferko
Herein, the cleptoparasitic (cuckoo) bee genus Epeolus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) is revised for species occurring in North America, north of Mexico, and an updated checklist of all species known to occur in Canada and the United States of America is provided with comprehensive descriptions, diagnoses, and a single dichotomous key (using the same couplets for both sexes) to aid in their identification. To increase their recognition among North American naturalists, English common names are also proposed for all North American Epeolus ...
2018: ZooKeys
Michael E Onah
A component of the 1965 Medicaid Act, the Institutions for Mental Diseases ("IMD") Exclusion was supposed to be a remedy for the brutal, dysfunctional mental healthcare system run through state hospitals. In the years since Medicaid was created, the IMD Exclusion has instead barred thousands of those in need of intensive, inpatient treatment from receiving it. As a result, many severely mentally ill individuals are left without adequate care and without a home. They struggle in the street where they are otherized by those in their community and are susceptible to confrontational episodes with law enforcement...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
Arthur L Burnett, Ajay Nehra, Rodney H Breau, Daniel J Culkin, Martha M Faraday, Lawrence S Hakim, Joel Heidelbaugh, Mohit Khera, Kevin T McVary, Martin M Miner, Christian J Nelson, Hossein Sadeghi-Nejad, Allen D Seftel, Alan W Shindel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this guideline is to provide a clinical strategy for the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. MATERIALS & METHODS: A systematic review of the literature using the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases (search dates 1/1/1965 to 7/29/17) was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Evidence-based statements were based on body of evidence strength Grade A, B, or C and were designated as Strong, Moderate, and Conditional Recommendations with additional statements presented in the form of Clinical Principles or Expert Opinions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Urology
Andreas Heinemeyer, Graeme T Swindles
Peatlands represent globally significant soil carbon stores that have been accumulating for millennia under water-logged conditions. However, deepening water-table depths (WTD) from climate change or human-induced drainage could stimulate decomposition resulting in peatlands turning from carbon sinks to carbon sources. Contemporary WTD ranges of testate amoebae (TA) are commonly used to predict past WTD in peatlands using quantitative transfer function models. Here we present, for the first time, a study comparing TA-based WTD reconstructions to instrumentally-monitored WTD and hydrological model predictions using the MILLENNIA peatland model to examine past peatland responses to climate change and land management...
May 8, 2018: Global Change Biology
Laura Simoila, Erkki Isometsä, Mika Gissler, Jaana Suvisaari, Erja Halmesmäki, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: This national register-based study assesses obstetric and perinatal health outcomes in women with schizophrenia and their offspring. METHODS: Using the Care Register for Health Care, we identified Finnish women who were born in 1965- 1980 and diagnosed with schizophrenia. For each case, five age- and place-of-birth- matched controls were obtained from the Central Population Register of Finland. They were followed from the day when the disorder was diagnosed in specialized health-care (the index day) until 31...
May 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Amanda Louize Félix Mendes, Rodrigo Dornelas do Carmo, Aline Menezes Guedes Dias de Araújo, Luiz Renato Paranhos, Camila Silva Oliveira da Mota, Sheila Schneiberg Valença Dias, Francisco Prado Reis, José Aderval Aragão
The present study aimed to perform a systematic literature review to assess the effects of phonation therapy on voice quality and function in singers. The systematic search was performed in February and updated in October 2017. No restriction of year, language, or publication status was applied. The primary electronic databases searched were LILACS, SciELO, PubMed, and Cochrane. Kappa coefficient was used to assess the agreement between examiners in judging article eligibility. The eligible articles were analyzed based on their risk of bias using the tools proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
I N Belugina, N Z Yagovdik, O S Belugina, S N Belugin
BACKGROUND: The early occurrence of atopic dermatitis in infants may be influenced by urban air pollution. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between incidences of infantile eczema in children under 2 years of age and urban outdoor environmental factors. METHODS: A 11-year population based study was conducted in retrospective design. The age/gender adjusted incidence rates of infantile eczema were determined using the data of outpatient visits...
May 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
A Paganelli, S Bassoli, L Roncati, L Bigi, S Ciardo, G Pellacani
First described in 1965 by Mali et al., pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma (PKS), also known as acroangiodermatitis, is a rare disease inscribed in the setting of cutaneous reactive angiomatoses (CRAs). CRA are all characterized by occlusion and/or inflammation of cutaneous vessels, followed by histiocyte recruitment and endotheliocyte and pericyte hyperplasia. As the name suggests, PKS nearly resembles Kaposi sarcoma, but is benign in its nature. PKS typically presents with violaceous papules and plaques, usually located on the inferior limbs...
May 5, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Anne F Luetkemeyer, David L Wyles
At the 2018 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI), there was a major focus on hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination and improving each component of the hepatitis C care cascade. Several countries and cohorts have demonstrated the remarkable impact that universal HCV testing and unrestricted access to hepatitis C treatment can have on markedly reducing incident HCV infections and HCV infection prevalence, including in people who inject drugs and HIV/HCV-coinfected populations. However, in many settings, substantial barriers to widespread HCV treatment remain, including undiagnosed HCV infection, particularly in populations outside the standard "baby boomer" birth cohort (ie, born 1945-1965); restricted access to hepatitis C treatment in those with known HCV infection; reinfection with HCV; and migration of HCV-infected populations...
May 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
Junho Jung, Ock-Joo Kim
The Korea Association of Health Promotion and Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP), and Taiwan's Chinese Foundation of Health all originated from parasite control organizations. Currently these organizations hold no apparent relations to parasite control activities. However, many of the senior leaderships of these organizations including presidents, have parasitology as their background. Kunii Chojiro (the founder of Japan Association of Parasite Control (JAPC) and JOICFP) explained it as "it all started from worms...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
Jia Yan Xie, Wen Jia Tang, Yu Hui Yang
Riverine environments have been threatened by anthropogenic perturbations worldwide, whereby their fish assemblages have been modified by habitat changes and nonendemic species invasions. We assessed changes in fish assemblages by comparing the species presence in historical and contemporary fish data in the Yellow River from 1965 to 2015. The temporal change in species assemblages was found with increased nonendemic species and fewer natives. Fish species richness of the river declined 35.4% over the past fifty years...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Ping He, Li Liu, J M Ian Salas, Chao Guo, Yunfei Cheng, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
The current measures of cognitive functioning in adulthood do not indicate a long-term association with prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine. However, whether such association emerges in China is poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the potential effect of prenatal exposure to the 1959-1961 Chinese famine on adult cognitive impairment. We obtained data from the Second National Sample Survey on Disability implemented in thirty-one provinces in 2006, and restricted our analysis to 387 093 individuals born in 1956-1965...
May 3, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Xuefan Zhou, Hong Chen
Urban growth and development caused by urbanization influence the urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon. With the rapid development of urbanization, China's major cities are facing more serious climate change problems, especially the UHI phenomenon. Proper planning and urban design of compact cities may improve the ventilation of street canyons and change the heat balance in the urban canopy and thus mitigate the UHI phenomenon. The aim of this study is to evaluate and discuss the mitigation of UHI with different types of land-use and land-cover (LUCC), as well as different development patterns for compact cities...
April 24, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Nobuya Morine, Seiko Matsuda, Yumiko Izumi, Akiko Oshiro, Jun Kudaka
Habu (Protobothrops flavoviridis) venom toxoid vaccination was performed in individuals living in Amami-oshima from 1965 to 2002, the effectiveness of which was investigated in 1991. The results raised the possibility that normal human serum inherently contains an inhibitor of the hemorrhagic metalloproteinase HR2, considered to be one of the major components of habu venom. In this study, we investigated the interaction between the hemorrhagic metalloproteinases HR1 and HR2 from habu venom and human α2-macroglobulin...
April 27, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Tanapan Sukee, Ian Beveridge, Abdul Jabbar
BACKGROUND: Pharyngostrongylus kappa Mawson, 1965 is a nematode (Strongyloidea: Cloacininae), endemic to the sacculated forestomachs of Australian macropodid marsupials (kangaroos and wallaroos). A recent study revealed genetic variation within the internal transcribed spacer region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA among P. kappa specimens collected from Macropus giganteus Shaw and Osphranter robustus (Gould). This study aimed to characterise the genetic and morphological diversity within P...
April 27, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Nikolaos Efthimiou, Emmanouil Psomiadis
The study aims to evaluate the significance of land cover delineation on soil erosion assessment. To that end, RUSLE (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) was implemented at the Upper Acheloos River catchment, Western Central Greece, annually and multi-annually for the period 1965-92. The model estimates soil erosion as the linear product of six factors (R, K, LS, C, and P) considering the catchment's climatic, pedological, topographic, land cover, and anthropogenic characteristics, respectively. The C factor was estimated using six alternative land use delineations of different resolution, namely the CORINE Land Cover (CLC) project (2000, 2012 versions) (1:100,000), a land use map conducted by the Greek National Agricultural Research Foundation (NAGREF) (1:20,000), a land use map conducted by the Greek Payment and Control Agency for Guidance and Guarantee Community Aid (PCAGGCA) (1:5,000), and the Landsat 8 16-day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) dataset (30 m/pixel) (two approximations) based on remote sensing data (satellite image acquired on 07/09/2016) (1:40,000)...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Management
Bruce S Pyenson, Gabriela Dieguez, Christine Ferro, Maushumi Mavinkurve, Yuri Sanchez Gonzalez
Background: In the United States in 2014, more than 3 million individuals were estimated to have chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, including many undiagnosed individuals. In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expanded its HCV testing recommendations to target all adults born between 1945 and 1965, in addition to at-risk individuals, which has led to an increase in newly diagnosed patients. Few studies have explored the medical cost or clinical status of patients who are newly diagnosed with HCV...
February 2018: American Health & Drug Benefits
Knut Rognes
The mainly Oriental Bengalia torosa Wiedemann species-group is revised on the basis of males. Species concepts are based on male terminalia. Monophyly of the species-group is established on the basis of two unique synapomorphies of the distiphallus. Eleven species are recognized as valid, viz. Bengalia chekiangensis Fan, 1965, Bengalia chiangmaiensis Kurahashi Tumrasvin, 1979, Bengalia concava Malloch, 1927, Bengalia escheri Bezzi, 1913, Bengalia fuscipennis Bezzi, 1913, Bengalia jejuna (Fabricius, 1787), Bengalia kanoi Kurahashi Magpayo, 2000, Bengalia martinleakei Senior-White, 1930, Bengalia recurva Malloch, 1927, Bengalia torosa (Wiedemann, 1819), Bengalia xanthopyga Senior-White, 1924, and their geographical distributions are updated...
March 6, 2018: Zootaxa
JÁnos NovÁk, Mark S Harvey
Two new pseudoscorpion species, Geogarypus muchmorei sp. nov. from India and G. klarae sp. nov. from Papua New Guinea, are described and illustrated. New data for G. sagittatus Beier, 1965 are reported and a supplementary description is given, based on a new specimen. New occurrences of G. longidigitatus (Rainbow, 1897) are recorded from Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka.
March 14, 2018: Zootaxa
Henri Tachet, Gennaro Coppa, Maxence Forcellini
The morphology of the larvae of three French species of Psychomyiinae: Psychomyia pusilla, Metalype fragilis and Paduniella vandeli are described. A set of characters on the head, the prothorax, and the anal prolegs makes it possible to identify the larvae of the fourth and fifth instars. A brief study of the world distribution of the genera Psychomyia, Metalype, and Paduniella is presented. An examination of the larvae of these three genera from literature data and personal observations offered us the possibility to test the validity of the set of characters obtained for the three French species...
March 27, 2018: Zootaxa
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