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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339427/a-critical-analysis-of-obamacare-affordable-care-or-insurance-for-many-and-coverage-for-few
#1
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Standiford Helm Ii, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
The Affordable Care Act (ACA), of 2010, or Obamacare, was the most monumental change in US health care policy since the passage of Medicaid and Medicare in 1965. Since its enactment, numerous claims have been made on both sides of the aisle regarding the ACA's success or failure; these views often colored by political persuasion. The ACA had 3 primary goals: increasing the number of the insured, improving the quality of care, and reducing the costs of health care. One point often lost in the discussion is the distinction between affordability and access...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339426/evolution-of-us-health-care-reform
#2
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Standiford Helm Ii, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
Major health policy creation or changes, including governmental and private policies affecting health care delivery are based on health care reform(s). Health care reform has been a global issue over the years and the United States has seen proposals for multiple reforms over the years. A successful, health care proposal in the United States with involvement of the federal government was the short-lived establishment of the first system of national medical care in the South. In the 20th century, the United States was influenced by progressivism leading to the initiation of efforts to achieve universal coverage, supported by a Republican presidential candidate, Theodore Roosevelt...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333080/a-review-epigenetic-mechanism-in-ochratoxin-a-toxicity-studies
#3
REVIEW
Liye Zhu, Boyang Zhang, Yaqi Dai, Hongyu Li, Wentao Xu
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a natural contaminant that has displayed nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity in mammals. It contaminates a great variety of foodstuffs and threatens people's lives. The molecular mechanism of OTA-induced toxicity has been studied since 1965. Moreover, epigenetic mechanisms are also studied in OTA-induced toxicity. Additionally, the mode of OTA epigenetic research has been advanced in research hotspots. However, there is still no epigenetic study of OTA-induced toxicity. In this review, we discuss the relationship between these epigenetic mechanisms and OTA-induced toxicity...
March 23, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329869/50-years-of-cognitive-aging-theory
#4
Nicole D Anderson, Fergus I M Craik
Objectives: The objectives of this Introduction to the Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences special issue on "50 Years of Cognitive Aging Theory" are to provide a brief overview of cognitive aging research prior to 1965 and to highlight significant developments in cognitive aging theory over the last 50 years. Method: Historical and recent theories of cognitive aging were reviewed, with a particular focus on those not directly covered by the articles included in this special issue...
December 9, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325965/redescription-of-the-red-striped-soft-scale-pulvinaria-tenuivalvata-newstead-with-a-new-synonymy-hemiptera-coccomorpha-coccidae
#5
Soad I Abdel-Razak, Daniele Matile-Ferrero, Adeline Soulier-Perkins
The soft scale, Pulvinaria tenuivalvata (Newstead, 1911), is a major pest of sugarcane in Egypt. This paper provides a redescription and illustration of the adult female based on a microscopic study of the morphology of several adult female specimens and of the type series illustrated by De Lotto (1965) on citronella grass from Uganda. Two paratypes of Pulvinaria saccharia De Lotto, 1964 are also studied and the name is placed here as a junior synonym of Pulvinaria tenuivalvata.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322263/causal-mechanisms-of-seismo-em-phenomena-during-the-1965-1967-matsushiro-earthquake-swarm
#6
Yuji Enomoto, Tsuneaki Yamabe, Nobuo Okumura
The 1965-1967 Matsushiro earthquake swarm in central Japan exhibited two unique characteristics. The first was a hydro-mechanical crust rupture resulting from degassing, volume expansion of CO2/water, and a crack opening within the critically stressed crust under a strike-slip stress. The other was, despite the lower total seismic energy, the occurrence of complexed seismo-electromagnetic (seismo-EM) phenomena of the geomagnetic intensity increase, unusual earthquake lights (EQLs) and atmospheric electric field (AEF) variations...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318842/ethnic-density-urbanicity-and-psychosis-risk-for-migrant-groups-a-population-cohort-study
#7
Peter Schofield, Malene Thygesen, Jay Das-Munshi, Laia Becares, Elizabeth Cantor-Graae, Carsten Pedersen, Esben Agerbo
BACKGROUND: Rates of psychotic disorder are raised for many migrant groups. Understanding the role played by the social context in which they live may help explain why. This study investigates the effect of both neighbourhood ethnic density and urbanicity on the incidence of non-affective psychosis for migrant groups. METHOD: Population based cohort of all those born 1965 or later followed from their 15th birthday (2,224,464 people) to 1st July 2013 (37,335,812 person years)...
March 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295785/improving-support-and-education-of-low-income-baby-boomers-diagnosed-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-through-universal-screening
#8
Barbara J Turner, Kathryn Craig, Vidhi S Makanji, Bertha E Flores, Ludivina Hernandez
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify support needs of low income baby boomers recently diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. BACKGROUND: The United States Preventive Services Task Force has endorsed one-time screening of all baby boomers (born 1945 to 1965) for hepatitis C because 75% of the estimated 2 to 3 million persons with chronic infection are in this age range. We hypothesized that persons diagnosed by routine screening would have significant psycho-emotional, cognitive, and health care challenges that need to be met by collaborative care and services from nurses and other health care personnel...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288075/an-electronic-health-record-based-intervention-to-promote-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-among-adults-born-between-1945-and-1965-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#9
Alex D Federman, Natalie Kil, Joseph Kannry, Evie Andreopolous, Wilma Toribio, Joanne Lyons, Mark Singer, Anthony Yartel, Bryce D Smith, David B Rein, Katherine Krauskopf
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends one-time hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody testing for "Birth Cohort" adults born during 1945-1965. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of an electronic health record (EHR)-embedded best practice alert (BPA) for HCV testing among Birth Cohort adults. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized trial was conducted from April 29, 2013 to March 29, 2014. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Ten community and hospital-based primary care practices...
March 10, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282649/emerging-regional-and-racial-disparities-in-the-lifetime-risk-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-comparative-life-table-analysis-in-king-county-wa-and-mississippi
#10
Galant A Chan, Kendra L Johnson, Nicholas G Mosca, Thomas E Dobbs, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the lifetime risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis among US men who have sex with men (MSM), trends in risk and how risk varies between populations. METHODS: We used census and HIV surveillance data to construct life tables to estimate the cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis among cohorts of MSM born 1940 to 1994 in King County, Washington (KC) and Mississippi (MS). RESULTS: The cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis progressed in 3 phases...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281132/the-relationship-between-terrain-and-rural-migration-1965-2013-on-the-north-of-turkey-the-case-of-kastamonu
#11
Seda Erkan Buğday, Sezgin Özden
Migration is one of the most important issues in Turkey today. Notably, the state forest enterprises are affected by the social, economic, and ecological dimensions of migration; these enterprises find it increasingly difficult to find labor to operate effectively in the forestry activities with each passing day. This study examined population movement over the 1965-2013 period in Kastamonu forest villages to assess how topographical factors affected this movement. Kastamonu is the province in which most of Turkey's forest products are produced, and 99% of the province's rural population consists of forest villagers...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271622/a-population-based-study-of-changes-in-arthritis-prevalence-and-arthritis-risk-factors-over-time-generational-differences-and-the-role-of-obesity
#12
Elizabeth M Badley, Mayilee Canizares, Anthony V Perruccio
OBJECTIVES: To investigate cohort effects in arthritis prevalence across four birth cohorts: World War II (born: 1935-1944), older and younger baby boomers (born: 1945-1954 and 1955-1964), and Generation X (born: 1965-1974) and to determine whether birth cohort effects in arthritis prevalence were associated with differences in risk factors over time or period effects. METHODS: Analysis of biannually collected data from the Canadian longitudinal National Population Health Survey 1994-2011 (n= 8817 at baseline)...
March 8, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260634/comparing-the-role-of-the-height-of-men-and-women-in-the-marriage-market
#13
Eiji Yamamura, Yoshiro Tsutsui
This paper explores how the role of men and women's height in the marriage market has changed across generations. Using individual-level data from Japan, we compared the effect of height on marriages between men and women, and investigated how the effect of height on marriage has changed across generations. Our key findings are: (1) for men born before 1965, a 1% increase in height led to an approximately 0.56% increase in the probability of being married. Conversely, for women born before 1965, a 1% increase in height led to an approximately 0...
February 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259250/evolution-of-the-registration-regulations-for-proprietary-chinese-medicines-in-china
#14
REVIEW
Lin Yuan, Zhi-Ang Wu, Ming-Li Shao
In this review, we provide a comprehensive overview on the registration of proprietary Chinese medicines (PCMs) in China over the past century by examining published literature and historical data. We will examine this evolving administrative practice for PCMs registration in China, which is divided to the following five stages: (1) initial measures (1915-1948); (2) early development (1949-1965); (3) provincial approval and trial implementation of the "approval number" system (1966-1984); (4) legislation and cleanup (1985-1999); and (5) centralized national approval (2000 until now), offering a panoramic view on the characteristics of PCMs registration management in China...
January 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255412/circle-nephrostomy-tube-revisited
#15
Yasser A Noureldin, Christian Diab, David Valenti, Sero Andonian
INTRODUCTION: There are few options for patients requiring chronic urinary drainage using nephrostomy tubes. Although circle nephrostomy tube (CNT) was invented in 1954, it is rarely used. Its advantages include longer indwelling time such that it is changed semi-annually when compared with the standard nephrostomy tube (SNT), which is changed monthly. However, there are no studies comparing indwelling times and costs with these two tubes. The aim of the present study was to compare CNT with SNT in terms of frequency of tube changes, reasons for earlier tube changes, and associated costs...
July 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252624/-the-effect-of-the-level-of-total-sodium-deposited-in-the-myocardium-on-its-stiffness
#16
G P Arutyunov, D O Dragunov, G P Arutyunov, A V Sokolova, I P Papyshev, E M Kildyushov, V V Negrebetsky, V N Fedorova
AIM: To determine a relationship between the level of total sodium in the myocardium to its stiffness. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 18 hypertensive patients who had suddenly died; their mean age was 40±10 years; mean waist circumference, 102±12.5 cm; height, 170±7.7 cm; myocardial mass, 319±53 g. RESULTS: The variation in the myocardial level of total sodium averaged 211.7±37.5 (min, 71.5; max, 226.17) mmol/l. The sodium level was ascertained to be affected to the greatest extent by myocardial mass (SS=3615...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248883/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-spine-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Yi Yang, Litai Ma, Lingli Li, Hao Liu
RATIONALE: Primary leiomyosarcoma of the bone was firstly reported by Evans and Sanerkin in 1965, whereas primary leiomyosarcoma of the vertebra is extremely rare. Because of the rarity of primary vertebral leiomyosarcoma, the diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcome still remain controversial. Here we report a special case of primary leiomyosarcoma in the thoracic vertebra. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old female patient was admitted to our institution with the chief complaint of persistent back pain for 4 weeks...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236653/life-history-tactics-shape-amphibians-demographic-responses-to-the-north-atlantic-oscillation
#18
Hugo Cayuela, Pierre Joly, Benedikt R Schmidt, Julian Pichenot, Eric Bonnaire, Pauline Priol, Olivier Peyronel, Mathias Laville, Aurélien Besnard
Over the last three decades, climate abnormalities have been reported to be involved in biodiversity decline by affecting population dynamics. A growing number of studies have shown that the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) influences the demographic parameters of a wide range of plant and animal taxa in different ways. Life history theory could help to understand these different demographic responses to the NAO. Indeed, theory states that the impact of weather variation on a species' demographic traits should depend on its position along the fast-slow continuum...
February 25, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208707/gaitkeeper-a-system-for-measuring-canine-gait
#19
Cassim Ladha, Jack O'Sullivan, Zoe Belshaw, Lucy Asher
It is understood gait has the potential to be used as a window into neurodegenerative disorders, identify markers of subclinical pathology, inform diagnostic algorithms of disease progression and measure the efficacy of interventions. Dogs' gaits are frequently assessed in a veterinary setting to detect signs of lameness. Despite this, a reliable, affordable and objective method to assess lameness in dogs is lacking. Most described canine lameness assessments are subjective, unvalidated and at high risk of bias...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207176/detecting-state-changes-for-ecosystem-conservation-with-long-term-monitoring-of-species-composition
#20
T J Mason, D A Keith, A D Letten
Effective conservation requires an understanding not only of contemporary vegetation distributions in the landscape, but also cognizance of vegetation transitions over time with the goal of maintaining persistence of all states within the landscape. Using a state and transition model framework, we investigated temporal transitions over 31 years in species composition among five upland swamp vegetation communities in southeastern Australia. We applied fuzzy clustering to document transitions across communities; evaluated the resilience and resistance of communities to change; and explored the relationship between ecosystem states and major environmental factors posited to structure the system...
October 4, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
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