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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733687/an-ecologic-study-of-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-myopia-in-chinese-adults-in-singapore-born-from-the-1920s-to-1980s
#1
Sonoko Sensaki, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Pavan K Verkicharla, Adeola Awodele, Kok Hian Tan, Audrey Chia, Seang Mei Saw
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate secular trends in the prevalence of myopia over 6 decades (from the 1920s to 1980s) in Chinese adults in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parental myopia prevalence was estimated using a parent-completed questionnaire in paediatric cohorts that included: 1) The Singapore Cohort Of Risk factors for Myopia (SCORM), 2) The Strabismus, Amblyopia and Refractive Error in Singaporean Children (STARS), and 3) The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO)...
June 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722576/malaria-associated-mortality-in-the-australian-defence-force-during-the-twentieth-century
#2
G Dennis Shanks
Malaria has been a military problem throughout history capable of causing epidemics that stop military operations. Individual mortality was examined from records of the three major wars of the 20th century that involved Australia in which 133 (1914-1919), 92 (1943-1945), and two (1965-1967) soldiers are known to have died with malaria. Those dying were predominately enlisted soldiers with a mean age of 29 years often complicated by other infections such as influenza pneumonia or scrub typhus. Lethal epidemics of falciparum malaria occurred in Palestine/Syria in October 1918 and New Guinea in September 1943 to March 1944...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714196/impact-of-an-electronic-health-record-alert-in-primary-care-on-increasing-hepatitis-c-screening-and-curative-treatment-for-baby-boomers
#3
Monica A Konerman, Mary Thomson, Kristen Gray, Meghan Moore, Hetal Choxi, Elizabeth Seif, Anna Sf Lok
Despite effective treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC), deficiencies in diagnosis and access preclude disease elimination. Screening of baby boomers remains low. The aims of this study were to assess the impact of an electronic health record (EHR) based prompt on HCV screening rates in baby boomers in primary care, and access to specialty care and treatment among those newly diagnosed. We implemented an EHR based "Best Practice Advisory" (BPA) that prompted primary care providers (PCPs) to perform HCV screening for patients seen in primary care clinic: 1) born between 1945-1965; 2) lacked a prior diagnosis of HCV infection; and 3) lacked prior documented anti-HCV testing...
July 17, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712647/perinatal-exposure-to-2-2-4-4-tetrabromodiphenyl-ether-induces-testicular-toxicity-in-adult-rats
#4
Ahmed Khalil, Mikhail Parker, Sarah E Brown, Sebnem E Cevik, Lian W Guo, Jake Jensen, Alexandra Olmsted, Daneal Portman, Haotian Wu, Alexander Suvorov
Since 1965, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been used internationally as flame-retardant additives. PBDEs were recently withdrawn from commerce in North America and Europe due to their environmental persistence, bioaccumulative properties and endocrine-disrupting effects. Generations exposed perinatally to the highest environmental doses of PBDE account for one-fifth of the total United States population. While, toxicity of PBDE for the male reproductive system has been demonstrated in several human and animal studies, the long-lasting effects of perinatal exposures on male reproduction are still poorly understood...
July 13, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706869/posterior-suture-annuloplasty-for-functional-tricuspid-regurgitation
#5
Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili, Taufiek K Rajab, Lawrence H Cohn
Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is primarily caused by enlargement of the tricuspid annulus due to right ventricular dilation, frequently secondary to left sided valvular disease. Early techniques for the treatment of functional TR were introduced by Jerome Kay in 1965 and Norberto DeVega in 1972. Modified suture annuloplasty is a modification of DeVega's semicircular purse string technique, however, it is based on Kay's principle of obliteration of the posterior segment of the annulus only. While ring annuloplasty is the procedure of choice for severe functional TR, posterior suture annuloplasty is a technically simpler option for patients with moderate functional TR...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700191/assistance-to-states-for-the-education-of-children-with-disabilities-and-preschool-grants-for-children-with-disabilities-program-early-intervention-program-for-infants-and-toddlers-with-disabilities-final-regulations
#6
(no author information available yet)
The Secretary of Education (Secretary) amends the regulations implementing Parts B and C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). These conforming changes are needed to implement statutory amendments made to the IDEA by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), enacted on December 10, 2015. These regulations remove and revise IDEA definitions based on changes made to the definitions in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the ESSA, and also update several State eligibility requirements to reflect amendments to the IDEA made by the ESSA...
June 30, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697893/mechanical-valves-in-the-pulmonary-position-an-international-retrospective-analysis
#7
Hanna Pragt, Joost P van Melle, Hoda Javadikasgari, Dong Man Seo, John M Stulak, Igor Knez, Jürgen Hörer, Christian Muñoz-Guijosa, Mahyar G Dehaki, Hong Ju Shin, Joseph A Dearani, Maziar G Dehaki, Petronella G Pieper, Christine Eulenburg, Laura Dos, Tjark Ebels
OBJECTIVE: Life expectancy of patients with congenital heart disease has improved over the past decades, increasing the need for a durable pulmonary prosthetic valve. Biological valves in various forms have become the valve of choice for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR), but structural valve deterioration is unavoidable in the long term. Use of a mechanical valve could be an alternative, but data on long-term outcomes are sparse. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and analyzed data on 364 patients with mechanical valves implanted in the pulmonary position between 1965 and 2014...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695447/regional-differences-in-the-incidence-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-in-finland
#8
Iiro Jalava, Liisa Pyysalo, Mikko Alanen, Oona Snicker, Juha Öhman, Antti Ronkainen
BACKGROUND: Over the years, the consensus has generally been that Finland is a country with a significantly high incidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) when compared to the rest of the world, excluding Japan. Most of the traditionally cited Finnish incidence studies are several decades old and have clear differences in their methodology and study design. The objective of this study was to determine the hospital-admitted incidence of aneurysmal SAH at Tampere University Hospital between 1990 and 2014...
July 11, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693396/exploring-generational-cohort-work-satisfaction-in-hospital-nurses
#9
Pamela Ann Gordon
Purpose Although extensive research exists regarding job satisfaction, many previous studies used a more restrictive, quantitative methodology. The purpose of this qualitative study is to capture the perceptions of hospital nurses within generational cohorts regarding their work satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach A preliminary qualitative, phenomenological study design explored hospital nurses' work satisfaction within generational cohorts - Baby Boomers (1946-1964), Generation X (1965-1980) and Millennials (1981-2000)...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691524/dr-digby-moynagh-1911-1963-and-the-graylands-day-hospital-1959-1965
#10
Philippa Martyr
OBJECTIVE: To describe the establishment of Australia's first psychiatric day hospital in Western Australia in April 1959 by Dr Digby Moynagh (1911-1963). METHODS: A range of primary and secondary sources were consulted. RESULTS: Moynagh was able to establish the Graylands Day Hospital because he had an outsider's perspective, and was familiar with the day hospital model from UK psychiatric literature. However, he was opposed by local medical and political interests, which eventually led to his departure from the State...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683174/the-oncologic-burden-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-clinical-perspective
#11
Harrys A Torres, Terri Lynn Shigle, Nassim Hammoudi, James T Link, Felipe Samaniego, Ahmed Kaseb, Vincent Mallet
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects millions of people worldwide and is associated with cancer. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have changed HCV treatment paradigms, but little is known about the management of HCV infection in patients with cancer. The substantial burden of HCV infection and the inconclusive evidence regarding its detection and management in patients with cancer prompted the authors to review the literature and formulate recommendations. Patients for whom HCV screening is recommended included all patients with hematologic malignancies, hematopoietic cell transplantation candidates, and patients with liver cancer...
July 6, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677825/the-impact-after-50-years-of-a-new-medical-education-programme-with-a-regional-workforce-mission
#12
Richard Hays, Sarah Bowles, Terry Brown, Anthony Lawler, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: Tasmania established its medical programme in 1965 to produce graduates to address medical workforce recruitment challenges. Many Tasmanian graduates work in Tasmania, but workforce problems continue. This paper reports the workforce outcomes of the first 42 graduating cohorts. METHODS: A database for all University of Tasmania medical graduates from the years 1970 to 2011 was developed by combining information from university, registration and local workforce survey databases...
July 5, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665836/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-the-austrian-hardmetal-industry
#13
Peter Wallner, Michael Kundi, Hanns Moshammer, Sarah D Zimmerman, Jeanine M Buchanich, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively investigates causes of death among workers of a hardmetal plant in Austria. METHODS: A retrospective cohort was formed of 1965 workers still employed in or after 1970. Follow-up was until end of 2014 based on national databases. Cobalt exposure was assessed through industrial hygiene data and urine analyses. Cox proportional hazards models were calculated for selected causes of death. RESULTS: During 45,598 years of observation in total 177 deaths were observed...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664298/one-hour-and-two-hour-postload-plasma-glucose-concentrations-are-comparable-predictors-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-southwestern-native-americans
#14
Ethan Paddock, Maximilian G Hohenadel, Paolo Piaggi, Pavithra Vijayakumar, Robert L Hanson, William C Knowler, Jonathan Krakoff, Douglas C Chang
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Elevated 2-h plasma glucose concentration (2 h-PG) during a 75 g OGTT predict the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, 1-h plasma glucose concentration (1 h-PG) is associated with insulin secretion and may be a better predictor of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate the association between 1 h-PG and 2 h-PG using gold standard methods for measuring insulin secretion and action. We also compared 1 h-PG and 2 h-PG as predictors of type 2 diabetes mellitus...
June 29, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663671/efficacy-and-safety-of-sofosbuvir-based-direct-acting-antivirals-for-hepatitis-c-in-septuagenarians-and-octogenarians
#15
Heather S Snyder, Bilal Ali, Humberto C Gonzalez, Satheesh Nair, Sanjaya K Satapathy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Treatment of chronic hepatitis C (HCV) with newer direct acting antiviral (DAA) agents has been highly effective. Unfortunately, patients over 70 years old are underrepresented in studies. Given current recommendations to screen patients born between 1945 and 1965 for HCV, it is essential to determine the efficacy and safety of DAAs within the elderly population. This study aims to evaluate clinical outcomes of patients aged 70 years or older treated for HCV with DAAs at a single tertiary care center...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660685/studying-the-relationship-between-a-woman-s-reproductive-lifespan-and-age-at-menarche-using-a-bayesian-multivariate-structured-additive-distributional-regression-model
#16
Elisa Duarte, Bruno de Sousa, Carmen Cadarso-Suárez, Nadja Klein, Thomas Kneib, Vítor Rodrigues
Studies addressing breast cancer risk factors have been looking at trends relative to age at menarche and menopause. These studies point to a downward trend of age at menarche and an upward trend for age at menopause, meaning an increase of a woman's reproductive lifespan cycle. In addition to studying the effect of the year of birth on the expectation of age at menarche and a woman's reproductive lifespan, it is important to understand how a woman's cohort affects the correlation between these two variables...
June 29, 2017: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656582/an-historical-perspective-of-the-discovery-of-titin-filaments
#17
REVIEW
Cris Dos Remedios, Darcy Gilmour
This review takes readers back to 1949, when two Australian scientists, Draper and Hodge, reported the first high-resolution electron microscopy images of striated muscle. In 1953, Jean Hanson and Hugh Huxley published phase-contrast microscopy and electron microscopy images that established the filamentous nature of the sarcomere, namely the myosin-containing thick filaments and actin-containing thin filaments. They discussed a putative third filament system, possibly a thinner actin-containing S filament, that appeared to connect one Z disc to the next...
June 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655812/in-patient-code-stroke-a-quality-improvement-strategy-to-overcome-knowledge-to-action-gaps-in-response-time
#18
Charles D Kassardjian, Jacqueline D Willems, Krystyna Skrabka, Rosane Nisenbaum, Judith Barnaby, Pawel Kostyrko, Daniel Selchen, Gustavo Saposnik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a relatively common and challenging condition in hospitalized patients. Previous studies have shown delays in recognition and assessment of inpatient strokes leading to poor outcomes. The goal of this quality improvement initiative was to evaluate an in-hospital code stroke algorithm and educational program aimed at reducing the response times for inpatient stroke. METHODS: An inpatient code stroke algorithm was developed, and an educational intervention was implemented over 5 months...
June 27, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655451/rationale-for-two-influenza-b-lineages-in-seasonal-vaccines-a-meta-regression-study-on-immunogenicity-and-controlled-field-trials
#19
W E P Beyer, A M Palache, M Boulfich, A D M E Osterhaus
B lineage mismatch prompted introduction of quadri-valent influenza vaccines (QIV) with two influenza B viruses representing distinct antigenic lineages. To explore the impact on antibody induction and vaccine effectiveness predicted from antibody (VEab), we performed a systematic literature search on immunogenicity studies conducted to assess antibody superiority of QIV over trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV). Thirteen relevant articles described 31 trials from 2007 and 2013. Log-transformed GMT trial estimates and their variances were converted to clinical protection rates predicted from antibody (PRab)...
June 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652897/low-level-laser-therapy-in-russia-history-science-and-practice
#20
REVIEW
Sergey Vladimirovich Moskvin
In Russia (formerly USSR) study of biomodulation action (BMA) mechanisms of low-intensity laser irradiation (LILI) began in 1964, immediately after the development of lasers. During the period from 1965 to 1972 several dozens of scientific conferences were held, hundreds of studies were published. Generally, secondary mechanisms and results of LILI effect on patients with various diseases were studied. This data was immediately implemented into practical medicine in the fields of oncology, surgery, dermatology and dentistry, and since 1974 low level laser therapy (LLLT) is included in the standard of state medical care...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
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