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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109347/how-is-physician-work-valued
#1
Jeffrey P Jacobs, Stephen J Lahey, Francis C Nichols, James M Levett, George Gilbert Johnston, Richard K Freeman, James D St Louis, Julie Painter, Courtney Yohe, Cameron D Wright, Kirk R Kanter, John E Mayer, Keith S Naunheim, Jeffrey B Rich, Joseph E Bavaria
Strategies to value physician work continue to evolve. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database have an increasingly important role in this evolution. An understanding of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) system (American Medical Association [AMA], Chicago, IL) and the Relative Value Scale Update Committee (RUC) is necessary to comprehend how physician work is valued. In 1965, with the dawn of increasingly complex medical care, immense innovation, and the rollout of Medicare, the need for a common language describing medical services and procedures was recognized as being of critical importance...
February 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106526/anti-hepatitis-c-virus-seroprevalence-in-the-working-age-population-in-poland-2004-to-2014
#2
Bożena Walewska-Zielecka, Urszula Religioni, Grzegorz Juszczyk, Zbigniew M Wawrzyniak, Aleksandra Czerw, Piotr Soszyński, Adam Fronczak
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be a serious public health concern and one of the major public health priorities. In 2005, it was estimated that there are 185 million anti-HCV positive people in the world, which constitutes 2.8% of the global population. Our study estimates the anti-HCV seroprevalence in the working age population (15-64 years-old), mostly urban and suburban residents, in Poland from 2004 to 2014. The studied group consisted of 61,805 working-age population representatives whose data were obtained from electronic medical records of an outpatient clinic network operating on a countrywide level...
January 12, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106113/genetic-risk-variants-for-metabolic-traits-in-arab-populations
#3
Prashantha Hebbar, Naser Elkum, Fadi Alkayal, Sumi Elsa John, Thangavel Alphonse Thanaraj, Osama Alsmadi
Despite a high prevalence of metabolic trait related diseases in Arabian Peninsula, there is a lack of convincingly identified genetic determinants for metabolic traits in this population. Arab populations are underrepresented in global genome-wide association studies. We genotyped 1965 unrelated Arab individuals from Kuwait using Cardio-MetaboChip, and tested SNP associations with 13 metabolic traits. Models based on recessive mode of inheritance identified Chr15:40531386-rs12440118/ZNF106/W->R as a risk variant associated with glycated-hemoglobin at close to 'genome-wide significant' p-value and five other risk variants 'nominally' associated (p-value ≤ 5...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087291/primary-care-perspectives-on-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-diagnosis-and-linking-patients-to-appropriate-care
#4
Edward Lebovics, Richard Torres, Lucinda K Porter
Enormous progress has been made in recent years toward effectively treating and curing patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, at least half of the possible 7 million individuals infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the US remain undiagnosed. The formidable task of increasing the number of patients diagnosed, and subsequently linked to appropriate care has fallen to primary care clinicians, who are mandated by some US States to offer screening to individuals born between 1945 and 1965 (the Baby Boomer Generation)...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077215/analyzing-therapeutic-change-using-modified-brinley-plots-history-construction-and-interpretation
#5
Neville M Blampied
The paper reviews the history, construction, and interpretation of modified Brinley plots, a scatter plot used in therapy outcome research to compare each individual participant's scores on the same dependent variable at Time 1 (normally pretreatment baseline; x-axis), with scores at selected times during or after treatment (y-axis). Since 1965 eponymously named Brinley plots have occasionally been used in experimental psychology to display group mean data. Between 1979 and 1995 a number of clinical researchers modified Brinley plots to show individuals' data but these plots have received little subsequent use...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073308/high-lifetime-probability-of-screen-detected-cervical-abnormalities
#6
Maiju Pankakoski, Sirpa Heinävaara, Tytti Sarkeala, Ahti Anttila
Objective Regular screening and follow-up is an important key to cervical cancer prevention; however, screening inevitably detects mild or borderline abnormalities that would never progress to a more severe stage. We analysed the cumulative probability and recurrence of cervical abnormalities in the Finnish organized screening programme during a 22-year follow-up. Methods Screening histories were collected for 364,487 women born between 1950 and 1965. Data consisted of 1 207,017 routine screens and 88,143 follow-up screens between 1991 and 2012...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059665/efficacy-of-phase-3-trial-of-rts-s-as01-malaria-vaccine-in-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Shima Mahmoudi, Hossein Keshavarz
Although vaccines would be the ideal tool for control, prevention, elimination, and eradication of many infectious diseases, developing of parasites vaccines such as malaria vaccine is very complex. The most advanced malaria vaccine candidate is RTS,S, a pre-erythrocytic vaccine for which pivotal phase III trial design is underway. Few recent malaria vaccine review articles have attempted to outline of all clinical trials that have occurred globally and no meta-analysis was performed on efficacy of Phase 3 Trial of RTS, S/AS01 Malaria vaccine up to now in infants...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052186/axillary-treatment-for-operable-primary-breast-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Nathan Bromham, Mia Schmidt-Hansen, Margaret Astin, Elise Hasler, Malcolm W Reed
BACKGROUND: Axillary surgery is an established part of the management of primary breast cancer. It provides staging information to guide adjuvant therapy and potentially local control of axillary disease. Several alternative approaches to axillary surgery are available, most of which aim to spare a proportion of women the morbidity of complete axillary dissection. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of alternative approaches to axillary surgery (including omitting such surgery altogether) in terms of overall survival; local, regional and distant recurrences; and adverse events...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043571/genotyping-analysis-of-bovine-ovine-and-caprine-paratuberculosis-in-iran-an-is900-rflp-study
#9
Lida Abdolmohammadi Khiav, Masoud Haghkhah, Keyvan Tadayon, Nader Mosavari
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) has been reported in Iranian cattle since 1965. Little is known on the population genetics of MAP in this Middle-Eastern State. A principle scope of this study was therefore genetic characterization of MAP isolates collected from farm animals in Iran. METHODS: Sixteen field isolates of MAP collected from bovine (n=8), ovine (n=3), and caprine (n=2) hosts in Alborz, Fars, Isfahan, Qazvin, Tehran, and Zanjan provinces were subcultured on mycobactin J-supplemented Herrold's egg slopes in order to provide the required genomic material...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039935/a-systematic-model-improves-hepatitis-c-virus-birth-cohort-screening-in-hospital-based-primary-care
#10
Aparna Goel, Jennifer Sanchez, Lismeiry Paulino, Colin Feuille, Jonathan Arend, Brijen Shah, Douglas Dieterich, Ponni V Perumalswami
Despite national and local governing board recommendations in the United States of America to perform an HCV screening test in baby boomers, screening rates remain low. Our goal was to study the impact of an HCV screening and link to care program with patient navigation in two New York City primary care practices. This was a two-year prospective study of patients born between 1945-1965 ("baby boomers") with encounters at two primary care practices at the Mount Sinai Hospital between November 1, 2013 and November 30, 2015...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039621/establishment-and-characterization-of-caspian-horse-fibroblast-cell-bank-in-iran
#11
Abdolreza Daneshvar Amoli, Nazanin Mohebali, Parvaneh Farzaneh, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Laleh Nikfarjam, Sepideh Ashouri Movasagh, Zahra Moradmand, Meysam Ganjibakhsh, Ahmad Nasimian, Mehrnaz Izadpanah, Faezeh Vakhshiteh, Neda Sadat Gohari, Najmeh Sadat Masoudi, Maryam Farghadan, Shiva Mohamadi Moghanjoghi, Masoud Khalili, Kourosh J Khaledi
Caspian horse, a rare horse breed found in 1965 by Louise Firouz in northern Iran, is a small horse which is reported to be in danger of extinction in its original homeland. There seems to be a great need to prevent extinction of this valuable horse. In this study, 51 fibroblast cell lines from Caspian horse ear marginal tissue were successfully established by sampling 60 horses using primary explant technique. Cells were authenticated and growth curve was plotted. According to results obtained, population doubling time (PDT) was calculated 23 ± 0...
December 30, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032138/holocaust-exposure-and-subsequent-suicide-risk-a-population-based-study
#12
Cendrine Bursztein Lipsicas, Itzhak Levav, Stephen Z Levine
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between the extent of genocide exposure and subsequent suicide risk among Holocaust survivors. METHODS: Persons born in Holocaust-exposed European countries during the years 1922-1945 that immigrated to Israel by 1965 were identified in the Population Registry (N = 209,429), and followed up for suicide (1950-2014). They were divided into three groups based on likely exposure to Nazi persecution: those who immigrated before (indirect; n = 20,229; 10%), during (partial direct; n = 17,189; 8%), and after (full direct; n = 172,061; 82%) World War II...
December 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028358/thiopurines-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-current-evidence-and-a-historical-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Jordan E Axelrad, Abhik Roy, Garrett Lawlor, Burton Korelitz, Simon Lichtiger
The use of thiopurines in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been examined in numerous prospective, controlled trials, with a majority demonstrating a clinical benefit. We conducted this review to describe the historical and current evidence in the use of thiopurines in IBD. A systematic search was performed on MEDLINE between 1965 and 2016 to identify studies on thiopurines in IBD. The most robust evidence for thiopurines in IBD includes induction of remission in combination with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents, and maintenance of remission and post-operative maintenance in Crohn's disease...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013383/long-term-effect-of-temperature-on-honey-yield-and-honeybee-phenology
#14
Aleksandra Langowska, Michał Zawilak, Tim H Sparks, Adam Glazaczow, Peter W Tomkins, Piotr Tryjanowski
There is growing concern about declines in pollinator species, and more recently reservations have been expressed about mismatch in plant-pollinator synchrony as a consequence of phenological change caused by rising temperatures. Long-term changes in honeybee Apis mellifera phenology may have major consequences for agriculture, especially the pollinator market, as well as for honey production. To date, these aspects have received only modest attention. In the current study, we examine honeybee and beekeeping activity in southern Poland for the period 1965-2010, supplemented by hive yields from a beekeeper in southern UK in the same period...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005477/correlates-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-the-targeted-testing-program-of-the-new-york-city-jail-system
#15
Matthew J Akiyama, Fatos Kaba, Zachary Rosner, Howard Alper, Aimee Kopolow, Alain H Litwin, Homer Venters, Ross MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand predictors of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody positivity in a large urban jail system in New York City. METHODS: We examined demographic characteristics, risk behaviors, and HCV antibody prevalence among 10 790 jail inmates aged 16 to 86 who were screened from June 13, 2013, to June 13, 2014, based on birth cohort or conventional high-risk criteria. We used logistic regression analysis to determine predictors of HCV antibody positivity...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002469/phylodynamic-and-phylogeographic-profiles-of-subtype-b-hiv-1-epidemics-in-south-spain
#16
Santiago Pérez-Parra, Natalia Chueca, Marta Álvarez, Juan Pasquau, Mohamed Omar, Antonio Collado, David Vinuesa, Ana B Lozano, Gonzalo Yebra, Federico García
BACKGROUND: Since 1982, HIV-1 epidemics have evolved to different scenarios in terms of transmission routes, subtype distribution and characteristics of transmission clusters. We investigated the evolutionary history of HIV-1 subtype B in south Spain. PATIENTS & METHODS: We studied all newly diagnosed HIV-1 subtype B patients in East Andalusia during the 2005-2012 period. For the analysis, we used the reverse transcriptase and protease sequences from baseline resistance, and the Trugene® HIV Genotyping kit (Siemens, Barcelona, Spain)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996179/crestal-bone-loss-around-adjacent-dental-implants-restored-with-splinted-and-nonsplinted-fixed-restorations-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad D Al Amri, Sergio Varela Kellesarian
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the crestal bone loss around splinted and nonsplinted adjacent implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To address the focused question, "Is crestal bone loss around adjacent implants different with splinted from that with nonsplinted restorations?," indexed databases were searched from 1965 up to and including May 2016 using various combinations of the following keywords: "implant," "splinted," "nonsplinted," "unsplinted," "connected," "unconnected," "nonconnected," and "bone loss...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990712/the-genesis-and-development-of-the-endodontic-study-club-of-brisbane-1964-1970
#18
Harry Francis Akers
This narrative delineates the International, Australian and Queensland settings, between 1940 and 1970 that impeded the development of endodontology and evidence-based endodontic practice. It explores the genesis of the Endodontic Study Club of Brisbane between 1964 and 1970. Pioneers' contributions to endodontology in Australia, together with contemporaneous problems, are identified. The author used literature review and historic method. The historical and constitutional backgrounds contributed to the disjointed origins of the Australian Society of Endodontology, which were networked but autonomous study clubs that appeared in capital cities between 1960 and 1965...
December 19, 2016: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988896/jim-crow-and-estrogen-receptor-negative-breast-cancer-us-born-black-and-white-non-hispanic-women-1992-2012
#19
Nancy Krieger, Jaquelyn L Jahn, Pamela D Waterman
PURPOSE: It is unknown whether Jim Crow-i.e., legal racial discrimination practiced by 21 US states and the District of Columbia and outlawed by the US Civil Rights Act in 1964-affects US cancer outcomes. We hypothesized that Jim Crow birthplace would be associated with higher risk of estrogen-receptor-negative (ER-) breast tumors among US black, but not white, women and also a higher black versus white risk for ER- tumors. METHODS: We analyzed data from the SEER 13 registry group (excluding Alaska) for 47,157 US-born black non-Hispanic and 348,514 US-born white non-Hispanic women, aged 25-84 inclusive, diagnosed with primary invasive breast cancer between 1 January 1992 and 31 December 2012...
January 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982469/reflections-on-the-future-of-community-psychology-from-the-generations-after-swampscott-a-commentary-and-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#20
Jacob Kraemer Tebes
This special issue commemorates the 50th anniversary of the founding of U.S. community psychology in Swampscott, Massachusetts in 1965. The issue includes commentaries from a cross-section of community psychologists educated in community psychology training programs established after Swampscott, in the 1970s or later. The contributors, who vary in their involvement in community-engaged research, training, and practice, offer a diverse set of perspectives on the field. Each was asked to reflect on the future of community psychology based on their own training and experiences...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
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