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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340511/quantitative-mapping-reveals-age-and-sex-differences-in-vasopressin-but-not-oxytocin-immunoreactivity-in-the-rat-social-behavior-neural-network
#1
Brett T DiBenedictis, Elizabeth R Nussbaum, Harry K Cheung, Alexa H Veenema
The neuropeptides vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) have been implicated in the regulation of numerous social behaviors in adult and juvenile animals. AVP and OT signaling predominantly occur within a circuit of interconnected brain regions known collectively as the "social behavior neural network" (SBNN). Importantly, AVP and OT signaling within the SBNN has been shown to differentially regulate diverse social behaviors, depending on the age and/or sex of the animal. We hypothesized that variation in the display of these behaviors is due in part to age and sex differences in AVP and OT synthesis within the SBNN...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340479/additive-effects-prevail-the-response-of-biota-to-multiple-stressors-in-an-intensively-monitored-watershed
#2
Alexander Gieswein, Daniel Hering, Christian K Feld
Freshwater ecosystems are impacted by a range of stressors arising from diverse human-caused land and water uses. Identifying the relative importance of single stressors and understanding how multiple stressors interact and jointly affect biology is crucial for River Basin Management. This study addressed multiple human-induced stressors and their effects on the aquatic flora and fauna based on data from standard WFD monitoring schemes. For altogether 1095 sites within a mountainous catchment, we used 12 stressor variables covering three different stressor groups: riparian land use, physical habitat quality and nutrient enrichment...
March 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340161/organizational-benchmarks-for-test-utilization-performance-an-example-based-on-positivity-rates-for-genetic-tests
#3
Joseph Rudolf, Brian R Jackson, Andrew R Wilson, Kristi J Smock, Robert L Schmidt
Objectives: Health care organizations are under increasing pressure to deliver value by improving test utilization management. Many factors, including organizational factors, could affect utilization performance. Past research has focused on the impact of specific interventions in single organizations. The impact of organizational factors is unknown. The objective of this study is to determine whether testing patterns are subject to organizational effects, ie, are utilization patterns for individual tests correlated within organizations...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339948/effects-of-dietary-coarsely-ground-corn-and-3-bedding-floor-types-on-broiler-live-performance-litter-characteristics-gizzard-and-proventriculus-weight-and-nutrient-digestibility
#4
Y Xu, Y M Lin, C R Stark, P R Ferket, C M Williams, J Brake
The effects of zero or 50% dietary coarsely ground corn (CC) in pelleted and screened grower and finisher diets on broilers reared on 3 bedding floor types (plastic net [NET], new pine wood shavings litter [NEW], or old pine wood shavings litter [OLD]) on broiler live performance, litter characteristics, gizzard and proventriculus weight, and apparent ileal digestibility (AID) were studied in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Fine corn was produced with a hammermill (271 μm) and CC with a roller mill (1145 μm)...
March 2, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339715/determination-of-pre-cecal-phosphorus-digestibility-of-inorganic-phosphates-and-bone-meal-products-in-broilers
#5
J van Harn, J W Spek, C A van Vuure, M M van Krimpen
A broiler study was performed to determine the pre-cecal phosphorus (P) digestibility of 5 P sources, 3 from animal (Delfos, Calfos, and porcine bone meal) and 2 of inorganic (monocalcium phosphate [MCP] and dicalcium phosphate [DCP]) origin. Delfos is processed from bones resulting in a dicalcium phosphate product, and Calfos is processed from bones in which part of the gelatin is removed but in which the hydroxy-apatite matrix is preserved. During the first 14 d, birds were housed in floor pens bedded with wood shavings and received a commercial starter diet...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339636/a-before-after-study-of-multidisciplinary-out-of-hours-handover-combining-management-and-frontline-efforts-to-create-sustainable-improvement
#6
Christopher Pennell, Lorna Flynn, Belinda Boulton, Tracey Hughes, Graham Walker, Peter McCulloch
Objective: The importance of implementation strategy in systems improvement is increasingly recognized and both 'bottom-up' and 'top-down' approaches have significant barriers. A trial of a combined approach involving frontline and managerial staff therefore seems merited. We attempted to improve handover using a Human Factors-based approach integrated with a combined 'top and bottom' implementation strategy. Design: A before-after study was conducted across 9 months...
February 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339449/reversal-of-progressive-conscious-disturbance-with-epidural-blood-patch-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-at-c2-level
#7
Yi-Chen Lai, Yuan-Yi Chia, Wei-Hung Lien
Intracranial hypotension syndrome (IHS) is generally caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Complications include bilateral subdural hygroma or haematoma and herniation of the cerebellar tonsils. Epidural blood patch (EBP) therapy is indicated if conservative treatment is ineffective. We reported the case of a 46-year-old man with a history of postural headache and dizziness. The patient was treated with bed rest and daily hydration with 2000 mL of fluid for 2 weeks. However, dizziness and headache did not resolve, and he became drowsy and disoriented with incomprehensible speech...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335385/patient-posture-monitoring-system-based-on-flexible-sensors
#8
Youngsu Cha, Kihyuk Nam, Doik Kim
Monitoring patients using vision cameras can cause privacy intrusion problems. In this paper, we propose a patient position monitoring system based on a patient cloth with unobtrusive sensors. We use flexible sensors based on polyvinylidene fluoride, which is a flexible piezoelectric material. Theflexiblesensorsareinsertedintopartsclosetothekneeandhipoftheloosepatientcloth. We measure electrical signals from the sensors caused by the piezoelectric effect when the knee and hip in the cloth are bent. The measured sensor outputs are transferred to a computer via Bluetooth...
March 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334632/longitudinal-relationships-of-sleep-and-inhibitory-control-deficits-to-early-adolescent-cigarette-and-alcohol-use
#9
Christopher M Warren, Nathaniel R Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
Research in older adolescents suggests insufficient sleep may increase substance use initiation risk. This study tested whether sleep duration and dysregulation of sleep-wake patterns in late-elementary school youth were prospectively associated with cigarette and alcohol use initiation and how sleep-related changes in inhibitory control mediate these relationships. Average sleep duration at 4th grade predicted 6th grade cigarette but not alcohol use, however indirect effects were identified through 5th grade inhibitory control to both cigarette and alcohol use...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334628/superwetting-and-aptamer-functionalized-shrink-induced-high-surface-area-electrochemical-sensors
#10
A Hauke, L S Selva Kumar, M Y Kim, J Pegan, M Khine, H Li, K W Plaxco, J Heikenfeld
Electrochemical sensing is moving to the forefront of point-of-care and wearable molecular sensing technologies due to the ability to miniaturize the required equipment, a critical advantage over optical methods in this field. Electrochemical sensors that employ roughness to increase their microscopic surface area offer a strategy to combatting the loss in signal associated with the loss of macroscopic surface area upon miniaturization. A simple, low-cost method of creating such roughness has emerged with the development of shrink-induced high surface area electrodes...
March 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334564/data-driven-implementation-of-alarm-reduction-interventions-in-a-cardiovascular-surgical-icu
#11
Sharon H Allan, Peter A Doyle, Adam Sapirstein, Maria Cvach
BACKGROUND: Alarm fatigue in the ICU setting has been well documented in the literature. The ICU's high-intensity environment requires staff's vigilant attention, and distraction from false and non-actionable alarms pulls staff away from important tasks, creates dissatisfaction, and is a potential patient safety risk if alarms are missed or ignored. This project was intended to improve patient safety by optimizing alarm systems in a cardiovascular surgical intensive care unit (CVSICU)...
February 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334442/the-relationship-between-eating-psychopathology-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-a-retrospective-study
#12
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Hedieh Tehrani, Marlene Taube-Schiff, Jessica Van Exan, Vincent Santiago, Raed Hawa
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), eating psychopathology, and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly prevalent in patients with severe obesity. Our study aimed to identify differences in binge-eating disorder (BED) prevalence in bariatric surgery candidates with and without OSA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses, OSA diagnosis, binge eating, depressive and quality of life (QOL) symptoms were collected from 1,099 bariatric surgery candidates from a Canadian setting...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334370/differences-in-climbing-ability-of-cimex-lectularius-and-cimex-hemipterus-hemiptera-cimicidae
#13
Dae-Yun Kim, Johan Billen, Stephen L Doggett, Chow-Yang Lee
The climbing abilities of two bed bug species, Cimex lectularius L. and Cimex hemipterus (F.), were determined by evaluating their escape rates from smooth surface pitfall traps using four commercial bed bug monitors (Verifi Bed Bug Detector, ClimbUp Insect Interceptor, BlackOut Bed Bug Detector, and SenSci Volcano Bed Bug Detector). All detectors were used in the absence of lures or attractants. Unlike C. lectularius, adult C. hemipterus were able to escape from all traps. On the other hand, no or a low number nymphs of both species escaped, depending on the evaluated traps...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334348/evaluation-of-the-potential-for-secondary-kill-for-ingested-insecticides-in-the-common-bed-bug-hemiptera-cimicidae
#14
Yvonne K Matos, Angela Sierras, Coby Schal
Baits are a preferred method of urban pest management. Baits enable more targeted insecticide applications with a fraction of the active ingredient used in residual sprays. Bait translocation by foragers, and consequent secondary kill of nonforagers, enhances bait effectiveness in social insects, and in other group-living species like German cockroaches (Blattella germanica L.). We investigated the potential for secondary kill in bed bugs (Cimex lectularius L.), another gregarious species, using a liquid bait...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333935/dengue-seroprevalence-seroconversion-and-risk-factors-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#15
Parnali Dhar-Chowdhury, Kishor Kumar Paul, C Emdad Haque, Shakhawat Hossain, L Robbin Lindsay, Antonia Dibernardo, W Abdullah Brooks, Michael A Drebot
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus (DENV) activity has been reported in Dhaka, Bangladesh since the early 1960s with the greatest burden of dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever cases observed in 2000. Since this time, the intensity of dengue activity has varied from year to year, and its determining factors remained relatively unknown. In light of such gaps in knowledge, the main objectives of this study were to determine the magnitude of seroprevalence and seroconversion among the surveyed population, and establish the individual/household level risk factors for the presence of DENV antibodies among all age groups of target populations in the city of Dhaka...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333788/nursing-interruptions-in-a-trauma-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Nicole C Craker, Robert A Myers, Jessy Eid, Priti Parikh, Mary C McCarthy, Kathy Zink, Pratik J Parikh
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to identify and analyze elements that affect duration of an interruption and likelihood of activity switch as experienced by nurses in an ICU. BACKGROUND: Although interruptions in the ICU impact patient safety, little is known regarding the complex situations that drive them. METHODS: RNs were observed in a 23-bed surgical ICU. We observed 206 interruptions, and analyzed for duration and activity switch...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333393/laser-generated-shockwaves-enhance-antibacterial-activity-against-biofilms-in-vitro
#17
William Yao, Edward C Kuan, Nathan C Francis, Maie A St John, Warren S Grundfest, Zachary D Taylor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bacterial biofilm formation within chronic wound beds, which provides an effective barrier against antibiotics, is a known cause of recalcitrant infections and a significant healthcare burden, often requiring repeated surgical debridements. Laser-generated shockwaves (LGS) is a novel, minimally invasive, and nonthermal modality for biofilm mechanical debridement which utilizes compressive stress waves, generated by photonic absorption in thin titanium films to mechanically disrupt the biofilm...
March 23, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333375/renal-nerves-and-long-term-control-of-arterial-pressure
#18
John W Osborn, Jason D Foss
The objective of this review is to provide an in-depth evaluation of how renal nerves regulate renal and cardiovascular function with a focus on long-term control of arterial pressure. We begin by reviewing the anatomy of renal nerves and then briefly discuss how the activity of renal nerves affects renal function. Current methods for measurement and quantification of efferent renal-nerve activity (ERNA) in animals and humans are discussed. Acute regulation of ERNA by classical neural reflexes as well and hormonal inputs to the brain is reviewed...
March 16, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333326/new-high-dose-pulsed-hyaluronidase-protocol-for-hyaluronic-acid-filler-vascular-adverse-events
#19
Claudio DeLorenzi
The purpose of this article is to update the changes to the author's protocols used to manage acute filler related vascular events from those previously published in this journal. For lack of a better term, this new protocol has been called the High Dose Pulsed Hyaluronidase (HDPH) protocol for vascular embolic events with hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers. The initial protocol used involved many different modalities of treatment. The current protocol is exceedingly simple and involves solely the use of hyaluronidase in repeated high doses...
March 17, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333302/outcomes-of-multisite-antimicrobial-stewardship-programme-implementation-with-a-shared-clinical-decision-support-system
#20
Stuart E Bond, Adriana J Chubaty, Suman Adhikari, Spiros Miyakis, Craig S Boutlis, Wilfred W Yeo, Marijka J Batterham, Cara Dickson, Brendan J McMullan, Mona Mostaghim, Samantha Li-Yan Hui, Kate R Clezy, Pamela Konecny
Background: Studies evaluating antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASPs) supported by computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) have predominantly been conducted in single site metropolitan hospitals. Objectives: To examine outcomes of multisite ASP implementation supported by a centrally deployed CDSS. Methods: An interrupted time series study was conducted across five hospitals in New South Wales, Australia, from 2010 to 2014...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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